|Reference : Three-dimensional echocardiographic assessments of exercise-induced changes in left vent...|
|Scientific journals : Article|
|Human health sciences : General & internal medicine|
|Three-dimensional echocardiographic assessments of exercise-induced changes in left ventricular shape and dyssynchrony in patients with dynamic functional mitral regurgitation.|
|Lancellotti, Patrizio [Université de Liège - ULg > > Cardiologie >]|
|European Journal of Echocardiography|
|Harcourt Publishers Limited|
|[en] Left ventricular dyssynchrony ; Mitral regurgitation ; Exercise ; 3D echocardiography|
|[en] Aims: Left ventricular (LV) shape and LV dyssynchrony are two cofactors associated with functional mitral regurgitation (MR) in patients with heart failure. Both can be accurately examined by real-time three-dimensional echocardiography (3DE). We examined the relationship between dynamic MR and exercise-induced changes in LV shape and synchronicity using 3DE.
Methods and results: Fifty patients with systolic LV dysfunction underwent 2D and 3D quantitative assessment of LV function, shape, and synchronicity at rest and during symptom-limited exercise test. According to the magnitude of change in MR, patients were divided into EMR group (15 patients, 30%), if the degree of MR increased during test, and NEMR group. During exercise, the changes in LV volumes and ejection fraction were similar in both groups, whereas changes in mitral valvular deformation parameters, in LV sphericity index, and in the extent of LV dyssynchrony were more pronounced in the EMR group. At rest, only the 3D sphericity index could distinguish the two groups. By stepwise multiple regression model, dynamic changes in the systolic dyssynchrony index, sphericity index, and coaptation distance were associated with dynamic MR (r2 = 0.45, P = 0.012).
Conclusion: Dynamic MR during exercise is related to the 3D changes in LV shape and in LV synchronicity.
|Researchers ; Professionals|
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