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See detailDroit matériel européen 2017-2018 - Agenda et plan du cours
Van Cleynenbreugel, Pieter ULiege

Learning material (2018)

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See detailAltered Expression of MicroRNAs in Rheumatoid Arthritis
Tavasolian, F.; Abdollahi, E.; Rezaei, R. et al

in Journal of Cellular Biochemistry (2018), 119(1), 478-487

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See detailBelgium
Husson, Jean-François ULiege

in Yearbook of Muslims en Europe (2018), 9

This article reviews the position of Muslims in Belgium in 2016 in various aspects: demography, discrimination, relations with public authorities, public funding, Muslim organisations, etc.

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See detailObservation and simulation of ethane (C2H6) at 23 FTIR sites
Mahieu, Emmanuel ULiege; Franco, B; Pozzer, A et al

Poster (2017, December 13)

Ethane is the most abundant non-methane hydrocarbon (NMHC) in the Earth atmosphere. Its main sources are of anthropogenic origin, with globally 62% from leakage during production and transport of natural ... [more ▼]

Ethane is the most abundant non-methane hydrocarbon (NMHC) in the Earth atmosphere. Its main sources are of anthropogenic origin, with globally 62% from leakage during production and transport of natural gas, 20% from biofuel combustion and 18% from biomass burning. In the Southern hemisphere, anthropogenic emissions are lower which makes biomass burning emissions a more significant source. The main removal process is oxidation by the hydroxyl radical (OH), leading to a mean atmospheric lifetime of 2 months. Until recently, a prolonged decrease of its abundance has been documented, at rates of -1 to -2.7%/yr, with global emissions dropping from 14 to 11 Tg/yr over 1984-2010 owing to successful measures reducing fugitive emissions from its fossil fuel sources. However, subsequent investigations have reported on an upturn in the ethane trend, characterized by a sharp rise from about 2009 onwards. The ethane increase is attributed to the oil and natural gas production boom in North America, although significant changes in OH could also be at play.In the present contribution, we report the trend of ethane at 23 ground-based Fourier Transform Infrared (FTIR) sites spanning the 80ºN to 79ºS latitude range. Over 2010-2015, a significant ethane rise of 3-5%/yr is determined for most sites in the Northern Hemisphere, while for the Southern hemisphere the rates of changes are not significant at the 2-sigma uncertainty level. Dedicated model simulations by EMAC (ECHAM5/MESSy Atmospheric Chemistry; ~1.8×1.8 degrees) implementing various emission scenarios are included in order to support data interpretation. The usual underestimation of the NMHCs emissions in the main inventories is confirmed here for RCP85 (Representative Concentration Pathway Database v8.5). Scaling them by 1.5 is needed to capture the background levels of atmospheric ethane. Moreover, additional and significant emissions (~7 Tg over 2009-2015) are needed to capture the ethane rise in the Northern hemisphere. Attributing them to the oil and gas sector and locating them in North America allows EMAC to produce adequate trends in the Northern hemisphere, but not in the Southern hemisphere, where they are overestimated. Possible causes for this difference are discussed. [less ▲]

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See detail(Un)taming Citizen Science – Policies, Practices, People
Van Oudheusden, Michiel ULiege; Van Hoyweghen, Ine

Scientific conference (2017, December 04)

We are presently witnessing a global explosion of citizen science initiatives covering a wide range of topics, from counting hummingbirds to actively researching new medical treatments, to the use of ... [more ▼]

We are presently witnessing a global explosion of citizen science initiatives covering a wide range of topics, from counting hummingbirds to actively researching new medical treatments, to the use of smartphones to measuring radioactivity in the environment. European policymakers and societal stakeholders hail citizen science as a means of (re)building trust in science, which may in turn lead to “more democratic research based on evidence and informed decision-making” and more responsible innovation (Sanz et al. 2014). Others see it as a means of enabling citizens to become researchers, advocates, or watchdogs of science, or to become their own sensors and create their own expertise and communities, distinct from established organizations and practices. In this workshop, we explore these and related issues through the notion of ‘(un)taming,’ which refers to the mutual adjustment of technology and the social, and links to ‘domestication’ and domestication theory in science and technology studies (Latour, 1987; Callon, 1986; Williams et al. 2004). It allows us to highlight how citizen science is incorporated into science and other subsystems of society through a wide array of interrelated and unconnected mechanisms, programs and procedures, such as research and development processes, the fabrication of new technologies and systems (e.g. DIY technologies), science policy making, educational activities, science journalism, and contemporary art forms, among others. As these processes elicit both support and controversy, they evoke several significant questions as to how citizen science is changing the confines of science and citizenship in contemporary society: Who and what is citizen science (not) for? How is citizen science tamed, and why? Which citizen science forms are amenable to taming, which forms are not? How is citizen science made public or politicized? How is it professionalized? How is it promoted, and to what effects? How do citizen scientists engage with the above questions? How will citizen science fare in the years ahead? [less ▲]

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See detailAléa climatique et débits des cours d’eau dans le bassin transnational de la Meuse : Co-variabilité, changements possibles et impact sur les débordements
Grelier, Benjamin ULiege

Doctoral thesis (2017)

Climate change is a global socio-environmental concern which required adaptation from human societies in order to compensate negative effects and to take benefit from positive effects. Our research is ... [more ▼]

Climate change is a global socio-environmental concern which required adaptation from human societies in order to compensate negative effects and to take benefit from positive effects. Our research is studying water cycle at the catchment scale and contribute to the adaptation of the transnational Meuse basin to the effects of climate change on hydrological extremes (floods and low flows). To this aim, we adopted a hazard-centered approach. A top-down modelling chain has been set up on two contrasted sub-basins of the Meuse river: the Meuse river at Saint-Mihiel (2543 km², France) and the Ourthe river at Tabreux (1607 km², Belgium). The climate forcing of the chain is constructed on a temporal continuum ranging from the Maunder Minimum (≈ 1650 A.D.) to the end of the 21st century. For the future, climate data are provided by an ensemble of GCMs run in the framework of the Coupled Model Intercomparison Project Phase 5 (CMIP5) and forced with RCP radiative scenarios. For the historical period, gridded data available in the study area are used. Blending past and future climate data is obtained through a transfer function, linking the pressure gradient force to climate forcing variables of catchment streamflow (i.e. atmospheric water and energy supplies). Aggregation of climate data provides a first estimation of potential climatic variability for the two studied sub-basins. The hydrological effect of this potential climatic variability is evaluated in two ways: i) through a regression climate-streamflow transfer function which predicts the streamflow at the outlet of a catchment with the information provided by the pressure gradient force. Regression models are fitted in present climate conditions and used further to extrapolate the streamflow at the outlet of a catchment with CMIP5 GCMs data; ii) through the link between the pressure gradient force and climate forcing variables of streamflow. Regression models are efficient enough to provide robust estimation of the potential climate variability at the scale of interest. The delta-change approach is then applied to potential climate variability to get representative climate scenarios at a daily time step relevant for rainfall-runoff modelling. The tested rainfall-runoff model (GR4J) is calibrated through a climatically robust method. This step gives a first estimation of the two sub-basins sensibility to prescribed climate changes. In order to evaluate the effect of climate change on hydraulic behavior of a river, the modelling chain has been completed with the WOLF1D hydraulic model. Is has been parameterized and validated for a section of the Ourthe river. Boundary conditions were forced with representative climate scenarios to evaluate the climate change effect on overflowing. In a first step, the latter is characterized through overflowing sequences determined through simulated water levels. Then, to overcome the limits of the WOLF1D model in flood-prone area, the flow-duration-frequency behavior of the first overflowing streamflow is studied to show the overflowing evolution under climate change. In the end, our work provides an original framework for studying climate change effect on hydrological extremes through a sampling of climate changes with past and future climate series. The use of a hazard-centered modelling chain is a first step toward adaptation strategies suited for contrasted climate conditions. This contributes in turn to make catchment more resilient. [less ▲]

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See detailMore than just ‘friends’? Locating migrant domestic workers’ transnational Voluntary Kin relationships
Vivas Romero, Maria ULiege

in Journal of Family Studies (2017)

The author explores the practices through which migrant domestic workers established Transnational Voluntary Kin relations with individuals who are non-blood or law-related. Transnational Voluntary Kin ... [more ▼]

The author explores the practices through which migrant domestic workers established Transnational Voluntary Kin relations with individuals who are non-blood or law-related. Transnational Voluntary Kin are intimate relationships, which alleviate migrants’ reproductive needs by replacing, overlapping or complementing traditional family support. Drawing from Braithwaite, Bach, Baxter, Hosek, & Wolf [(2010). Constructing family: A typology of Voluntary Kin. Journal of Social and Personal Relationships, 27(3), 388–407] four relationships are explored. Firstly, there are ‘More than family’ Kin that replace the care of absent or dead family members. Secondly, there are ‘Just like Family’ Kin that replace the care of physically proximate relatives unable to perform their roles. Thirdly, there are ‘Whenever needed it’ Kin that replace or overlap traditional kin aid in particular situations. Fourthly, there are ‘In law or extended’ Kin constructed through the marriage of traditional kin. Data are drawn from a multi-sited ethnography with Peruvian-Colombian migrant domestic workers and their Transnational Voluntary or Traditional kin. The analysis contributes both to the constructivist sociology of the family and transnational family studies where these relationships remain underexplored. [less ▲]

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See detailQuelle place pour l’intégration des TICE dans l’organisation de la formation initiale des enseignants ?
Laduron, Christophe ULiege; Denis, Brigitte ULiege; Rappe, Jonathan ULiege

Conference (2017, November 24)

Depuis plus de vingt ans, l'intégration des TICE dans les pratiques pédagogiques a régulièrement fait l'objet d’études et réflexions. Les plans stratégiques oeuvrant à l’incorporation des TICE et ... [more ▼]

Depuis plus de vingt ans, l'intégration des TICE dans les pratiques pédagogiques a régulièrement fait l'objet d’études et réflexions. Les plans stratégiques oeuvrant à l’incorporation des TICE et insistant sur la nécessité de former les équipes éducatives, d’équiper les écoles se sont également multipliés. De son côté, la formation initiale et continue des enseignants à l’intégration des TICE est devenue une des préoccupations européennes. Les stratégies liées à la formation initiale des futurs enseignants en termes d’intégration des TICE restent cependant à consolider, dépendant elles-mêmes de différentes niveaux de pouvoir, de l’influence plus ou moins importante des lobbys commerciaux, des politiques institutionnelles en matière de formation initiale des enseignants (Université, Haute École, etc.), des réglementations en termes de formation continue (obligatoire, sectorielle, etc.), du statut des TICE à l’école, etc. Cette contribution interroge plus particulièrement l’évolution que prendra la formation à l’intégration des TICE en Fédération Wallonie-Bruxelles, dans le contexte d’une réforme de la formation initiale des enseignants dont les bases ont été jetées, mais doivent être approfondies et négociées et la mise en place à construire. Les cours « Utilisation de l’ordinateur et Apport des Médias et des TIC en Enseignement » (AMTICE) seront-ils maintenus ? Le curriculum du cours AMTICE va- t-il être servir de référence ? Qui le fera évoluer ? Quels seront les types de dispositifs de formation proposés aux futurs enseignants ? Le dispositif de recherche-action mis en place par les auteurs tentera dans un premier temps de clarifier et cibler l’ensemble des invariants liés à l’élaboration et à l’administration du cours AMTICE, et dans un second temps de tester et éprouver les modalités avec lesquelles les auteurs envisagent de diffuser et partager le fruit de ce recensement auprès des professeurs AMTICE désireux de développer leurs pratiques. [less ▲]

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See detailGenotype and protein level interaction in growth traits of meat-type quail through reaction norm models
da Costa Caetano, G.; Fonseca Silva, F.; Calderano, A. et al

in Journal of Animal and Feed Sciences (2017), 26

One possible strategy to optimize breeding programmes in terms of feed costs is selecting animals based on their genetic performance over protein levels (PL). A genotype and environment (G×E) interaction ... [more ▼]

One possible strategy to optimize breeding programmes in terms of feed costs is selecting animals based on their genetic performance over protein levels (PL). A genotype and environment (G×E) interaction in which the gradual environmental changes are represented by the respective PL is such a strategy. Reaction norm models (RNM) are suitable to perform these analyses, since they enable to evaluate genetic differences among animals as well as variance components and heritability estimates over PL. The aim of the study was to investigate the G and PL interaction in two meat-type quail lines (UFV1 and UFV2) for their body weight at day 28 (BW28) and 35 (BW35) of age by using RNM. Diets were composed in order to have different PL (22, 23, 24, 25, 26, 27, 28 and 29%) but the same metabolizable energy (2900 kcal) by keeping constant amino acids : lysine ratio for animal performance. The data set contained 970 and 410 animals from UFV1 and UFV2 lines, respectively. Several RNM (with different Legendre polynomial orders and residual variance classes) were compared via Akaike (AIC) and Schwarz Bayesian (BIC) information criteria. The RNM outperformed (lower AIC and BIC values) the traditional model disregarding G×E and suggested G×PL interaction for BW28 and BW35. The observed moderate-to-high heritabilities increased over PL, thus proving the existence of G×PL for growth traits in meat-type quail. [less ▲]

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See detailLe développement de Communautés de Pratique ‘sollicitées’: indicateurs de succès et freins
Noben, Natasha ULiege

Conference (2017, November 24)

In line with the European project PALETTE (Pedagogically sustained Adaptative LEarning Through the exploitation of Tacit and Explicit Knowledge), Health CoP aims at supporting the development of ... [more ▼]

In line with the European project PALETTE (Pedagogically sustained Adaptative LEarning Through the exploitation of Tacit and Explicit Knowledge), Health CoP aims at supporting the development of Communities of Practice between professionals from the health domain. Specifically addressing the case of hybrid,"elicited" and extra-organizational communities, this study analyses the success indicators and obstacles identified in the literature and proposes to complete them in light of the learnings from the Health CoP experience. These indicators of success and obstacles are then structured according to the stages of a CoP's life cycle. [less ▲]

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See detailHETICE, seize ans de formation continuée des enseignants du supérieur : qu’en est-il du rôle de la personne-relais ?
Rappe, Jonathan ULiege; Denis, Brigitte ULiege

Conference (2017, November 23)

HETICE (Haute École et Technologies de l'Information et de la Communication pour l'Enseignement) est un dispositif de formation continue des enseignants de Haute École à l'usage pédagogique des TIC au ... [more ▼]

HETICE (Haute École et Technologies de l'Information et de la Communication pour l'Enseignement) est un dispositif de formation continue des enseignants de Haute École à l'usage pédagogique des TIC au sens large. Il se caractérise par la mise en place d'actions de formation et le développement d'un réseau d'enseignants, notamment via le soutien d'enseignants désignés "personnes-relais HETICE" au sein de chaque Haute École. Seize ans après l’établissement de la fonction de personne-ressource pédagogique, puis de personne-relais, il est temps de faire le point. Qu’en est-il, actuellement, du(des) rôle(s) effectif(s) de ces personnes-relais (PR) ? Comment se représentent-elles ce(s) rôle(s) ? Comment est(sont)-il(s) perçu(s) par les autres acteurs du projet ? Qu’en est-il de leur articulation avec ceux des autres acteurs ? Ces différentes questions constituent l’objet de cette contribution. Ainsi, nous confronterons les représentations et pratiques déclarées des personnes-relais actuelles (au nombre de 21 pour 11 HE) quant à leur(s) rôle(s) à celles d’autres acteurs (autres PR, collègues, directions et équipe de l’ULiège). Des perspectives sont dégagées en fonction des résultats et des objectifs poursuivis par le projet HETICE. [less ▲]

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See detailConsommation des médicaments antipaludiques : Analyse des échantillons et caractéristiques des pharmacies en territoires périurbains de Kinshasa
Mavungu Landu, Don Jethro ULiege; Frederich, Michel ULiege; Hubert, Philippe ULiege et al

Conference (2017, November 23)

Contexte et objectif : Le paludisme causé par le Plasmodium falciparum demeure un problème majeur de santé publique. Le traitement avec des antipaludiques de bonne qualité est une composante importante ... [more ▼]

Contexte et objectif : Le paludisme causé par le Plasmodium falciparum demeure un problème majeur de santé publique. Le traitement avec des antipaludiques de bonne qualité est une composante importante dans le contrôle de cette maladie. Cependant en Afrique centrale, plus de 25% des médicaments serait contrefaits ou de qualité inférieure, situation qui serait encore plus dramatique dans les territoires périurbains. Afin de permettre une sensibilisation des populations vivant dans ces milieux, une étude a été menée dans le but d’évaluer l’existant au niveau sanitaire pharmaceutique. Méthode : Dans le contexte ci-mentionné, une étude préliminaire et prospective a été menée dans les territoires périurbains de la Ville de Kinshasa durant la période allant du 22 février au 10 décembre 2016. Les médicaments antipaludéens les plus consommés ont été identifiés à l’aide d’une enquête auprès de 1150 ménages et 88 pharmacies. Quinze échantillons de Quinine et trente échantillons de poudre pour suspension d’Artéméther et de Luméfantrine ont été collectés. L’analyse de la qualité de ces médicaments a été réalisée au moyen de méthodes séparatives génériques utilisant la technique de chromatographie liquide à haute performance couplé à un détecteur à barrettes de diodes. Une caractérisation a été également effectuée dans 150 établissements pharmaceutiques sur base des normes édictées par le Ministère de la Santé Publique congolais. Résultats : Les enquêtes auprès des ménages et des pharmacies révèlent de manière concordante que le médicament antipaludéen le plus consommé était la quinine, suivie de la combinaison artémether-luméfantrine. Le résultat des analyses des échantillons d’antimalariques (ou antipaludéens) montre qu’un échantillon de Quinine sur trois (33,3%) et trois poudres pour suspension d’Artéméther et de Luméfantrine sur cinq (60%) ne contenaient pas la concentration prévue en Artéméther et/ou en Luméfantrine. Par ailleurs, le résultat des observations évoque qu’aucun établissement pharmaceutique ne respectait l’ensemble des normes du Ministère de la Santé Publique. Conclusion : Cette étude nous apprend qu’en territoires périurbains de Kinshasa, la Quinine est l’antipaludéen le plus consommé, suivie de la combinaison Artéméther-Luméfantrine. Un échantillon sur trois (33,3%) de Quinine et trois échantillons sur cinq (60%) de la combinaison Artéméther-Luméfantrine sont non conformes. Quant aux pharmacies existantes, aucune d’entre elles ne respecte l’ensemble des normes minimales édictées par le Ministère de la Santé Publique de la RDC. [less ▲]

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See detailSteering social fields of mobilization in global cities: Latin American transnational political engagement in Brussels
Lara Guerrero, Larisa; Vivas Romero, Maria ULiege

Conference (2017, November 15)

Social scientists and migration scholars have a growing interest in how and why migrants engage in transnational political movements in both their home and host countries. Migrants are active agents ... [more ▼]

Social scientists and migration scholars have a growing interest in how and why migrants engage in transnational political movements in both their home and host countries. Migrants are active agents participating in transnational social movements. They create, transform, and exploit transnational networks to engage in political movements in their homeland and in their hostland from cities. This chapter aims to answer the following questions: how do global cities shape transnational fields of social mobilization? What is the nexus between these transnational fields of social mobilization and access to welfare states? Theoretically, this contribution introduces a new spatial level of analysis to unpack the dynamics and dimensions of migrant social movements organized in global cities. By focusing specifically on the city of Brussels, this contribution analyzes the impact of global cities shaping the capacity and desire of Latin American migrants in engaging in political movements. Empirically, this chapter presents two case studies where Latin Americans living in Brussels engage in political transnational activities to change their living conditions both in their host and home cities. These examples illustrate the role of migrants influencing and shaping welfare-state and political systems in both their sending and receiving societies. [less ▲]

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See detail“Who Cares for those who Cared? Global Social Protection Arrangements Between Europe and Latin America”.
Vivas Romero, Maria ULiege

Conference (2017, November 09)

Belgium recently experienced an economic and political crisis. This context has reinforced the historical restrictive migratory approach while promoting policies that aim at restraining migration through ... [more ▼]

Belgium recently experienced an economic and political crisis. This context has reinforced the historical restrictive migratory approach while promoting policies that aim at restraining migration through the control of social provisions. In such an environment migrant families are categorized as an intolerable burden for the state (Lafleur and Stanek forthcoming). Evidently, these measures affected migrant family’s access to health-care, education, pension schemes and increased their unemployment rates (Castanheira et al. 2014; Pignal 2012). Nevertheless, it also drove them to diversify their resources to access social protection while negotiating them in sending, receiving and in-between countries. This paper tackles this last argument and explores the post-crisis strategies Peruvian and Colombian migrant families use to access global social protection arrangements while negotiating their access to informal and formal resources in a variety of countries in Europe and Latin America. Nonetheless, it also depicts emerging or transforming inequalities in their strategies. Global Social Protection arrangements are defined as strategies that migrants learn to put together through their life course to cope with social risks in areas such as: health-, long-term care, pensions or unemployment. Such strategies combine rights based in public welfare policies as well as market-family and community based practices. An intersectional lens (Anthias 2001) is used to explore how Andean transnational families’ ethnic, class, gender, generational positioning’s affects their strategies. The empirical data use draws from a multi-sited ethnography conducted with 15 Andean Transnational family networks over the past two years. [less ▲]

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See detailApproche par modèle de compartiments pour la modélisation des bioréacteurs
Delafosse, Angélique ULiege; Calvo, Sébastien ULiege; Toye, Dominique ULiege

Scientific conference (2017, November 09)

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See detailGeneration of open foam RVEs with sharp edges using Distance fields and Level sets
Kilingar, Nanda Gopala ULiege; Noels, Ludovic ULiege; Massart, Thierry Jacques et al

Conference (2017, November 07)

A methodology to generate Representative Volume Elements for open foam cellular materials based on distance and level set functions is explained. The main focus of this work is to properly represent the ... [more ▼]

A methodology to generate Representative Volume Elements for open foam cellular materials based on distance and level set functions is explained. The main focus of this work is to properly represent the geometry of the sharp edges of the foam struts that are resulting from the solidification phase during manufacturing. An approach to generate RVEs for open-cell foams is described in [1], where arbitrary shaped tessellations are produced and specific combination of distance functions are used to generate open foam RVEs. Steep discontinuities in the distance functions derivatives result in the generation of jagged sharp edges, due to the use of discrete level set functions. The procedure to extract geometries from multiple level set functions to reproduce such sharp edges of the struts proposed in [1] has been incorporated in the current work. The individual cells are extracted as inclusion surfaces based on distance functions. The inclusion surfaces are then modified using multiple level set functions, and the sharp edges are computed from the intersection of these inclusions. The resulting geometry can then be meshed using size functions based on curvature and narrowness and a mesh optimization inspired from [2]. The methodology to produce high quality meshes based on [3] will be outlined (Figure 2). The resulting FE models will be then used in simulations to assess the practical applications of these models by comparing with experimental data of physical samples. [less ▲]

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See detailA mass spectrometry method for sensitive, specific and simultaneous detection of bovine blood meal, blood products and milk products in compound feed
Lecrenier, Marie-Caroline ULiege; Planque, Mélanie; Dieu, Marc et al

in Food Chemistry (2017)

Feed sustainability is one of the biggest challenges for the next few years. Solutions have to be found that take feed quality and safety into account. Animal by-products are one valuable source of ... [more ▼]

Feed sustainability is one of the biggest challenges for the next few years. Solutions have to be found that take feed quality and safety into account. Animal by-products are one valuable source of proteins. However, since the bovine spongiform encephalopathy (BSE) crisis, their use has been strictly regulated. The objective of this study was to propose a routine, sensitive and specific method using ultra-high performance liquid chromatography coupled to tandem mass spectrometry for the detection of blood-derived products and milk powder in feed. Contaminated aquafeeds were analysed in order to evaluate the sensitivity and specificity of the method. This new method meets both selectivity and sensitivity (0.1% (w/w)) requirements imposed by the European Commission for animal proteins detection methods. It offers an innovative and complementary solution for the simultaneously identification of authorised and unauthorised animal by-products such as processed animal proteins (PAPs). [less ▲]

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See detailAnalyser et rédiger en recherche qualitative : le journal de bord de Cassandre
Lejeune, Christophe ULiege

Learning material (2017)

Développé par Christophe Lejeune, Cassandre est un logiciel d'analyse qualitative (libre, open source et gratuit). À la différence des logiciels envisageant l'analyse comme une étape séparée de la ... [more ▼]

Développé par Christophe Lejeune, Cassandre est un logiciel d'analyse qualitative (libre, open source et gratuit). À la différence des logiciels envisageant l'analyse comme une étape séparée de la recherche, la nouvelle version de Cassandre (3.0) accompagne le chercheur de ses premiers questionnements jusqu'à la publication des résultats. Plutôt que de rassembler un "corpus" et de retarder le saut interprétatif, l'analyse débute dès le premier jour de la recherche, avant même le premier contact avec le terrain. Le développement de Cassandre prolonge les enseignements méthodologiques du Manuel d'analyse qualitative (De Boeck, 2014), rédigé par Chr. Lejeune. Résolument qualitative, son approche invite à Analyser sans compter ni classer. La tenue du journal de bord réside au cœur du logiciel. En écrivant, le chercheur formule son questionnement, prépare le terrain, met en forme son matériau empirique, y repère les dimensions porteuses, les articule et les conceptualise. Encourager la collaboration et le débat scientifique. En tant que plateforme collaborative, Cassandre facilite le travail en équipe. Ces fonctionnalités profitent également au chercheur isolé. Cassandre lui permet en effet partager des résultats intermédiaires avec des informateurs, un client, des collègues, un comité d'accompagnement ou un directeur de thèse. Leurs commentaires l'encouragent à affiner son analyse au fil de l'eau. Pour une recherche qualitative rigoureuse & créative ! Favorisant une organisation souple du travail scientifique, le logiciel Cassandre participe à l'émergence d'idées neuves. Chaque étape du processus de recherche est documentée dans le journal de bord. L'ancrage et la validation de la démarche du chercheur sont de la sorte assurés : "En documentant le maillage entre le terrain et la théorie, les traces en question assurent que la théorie s'appuie toujours sur des éléments attestés". (Chr. Lejeune, op. cit. p. 29) [less ▲]

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