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See detailVulnérabilité aux inondations dans le contexte des changements climatiques à New-Bell Ngangue, un quartier planifié de la ville de Douala, Cameroun
Amanejieu, Amelie ULiege; Feumba, Rodrigue Aimé; Ngoufo, Roger et al

Conference (2017, November 17)

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See detailRecent evolution of the coastline in the Gulf on Guinea. Example of Togo and Benin (2000-2015)
Ozer, Pierre ULiege; Hountondji, Yvon-Carmen; De Longueville, Florence

Conference (2017, November 17)

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See detailSteering social fields of mobilization in global cities: Latin American transnational political engagement in Brussels
Lara Guerrero, Larisa; Vivas Romero, Maria ULiege

Conference (2017, November 15)

Social scientists and migration scholars have a growing interest in how and why migrants engage in transnational political movements in both their home and host countries. Migrants are active agents ... [more ▼]

Social scientists and migration scholars have a growing interest in how and why migrants engage in transnational political movements in both their home and host countries. Migrants are active agents participating in transnational social movements. They create, transform, and exploit transnational networks to engage in political movements in their homeland and in their hostland from cities. This chapter aims to answer the following questions: how do global cities shape transnational fields of social mobilization? What is the nexus between these transnational fields of social mobilization and access to welfare states? Theoretically, this contribution introduces a new spatial level of analysis to unpack the dynamics and dimensions of migrant social movements organized in global cities. By focusing specifically on the city of Brussels, this contribution analyzes the impact of global cities shaping the capacity and desire of Latin American migrants in engaging in political movements. Empirically, this chapter presents two case studies where Latin Americans living in Brussels engage in political transnational activities to change their living conditions both in their host and home cities. These examples illustrate the role of migrants influencing and shaping welfare-state and political systems in both their sending and receiving societies. [less ▲]

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See detailQuels futurs pour la fabrication de pièces métalliques ?
Habraken, Anne ULiege; Delvenne, Pierre ULiege; Elsen, Catherine ULiege

Conference given outside the academic context (2017)

Les processus de fabrication des pièces métalliques sont au cœur de nombreux enjeux technologiques, sociopolitiques et économiques. Ces dernières années, des procédés tels le 3D Printing ou encore le ... [more ▼]

Les processus de fabrication des pièces métalliques sont au cœur de nombreux enjeux technologiques, sociopolitiques et économiques. Ces dernières années, des procédés tels le 3D Printing ou encore le formage incrémental ont apporté un renouveau possible face aux méthodes de fabrication traditionnelles. Si le premier est, à présent, bien connu du grand public, le formage incrémental mérite encore quelques explications. Ce procédé, relativement lent, est de mieux en mieux maîtrisé. Il permet de réaliser des pièces métalliques aussi diverses qu’une prothèse, un panneau de façade ou de porte de boeing, un évier de cuisine, ... Il comporte de multiples variantes et est progressivement exploité par l’industrie pour du prototypage de pièces uniques et des petites séries. A l’ère de la révolution numérique, où les Fablabs, Repair Cafés et autres Hackers Labs permettent aux citoyens de créer leurs propres pièces et de devenir acteurs de l’innovation, ce procédé ouvre ainsi de nouvelles portes pour la conception de pièces métalliques. [less ▲]

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See detailConsommer « local »: un choix environnemental ?
Ozer, Pierre ULiege

Conference given outside the academic context (2017)

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See detailPHILOSTORY Autour du spectacle de Louise Vanneste : « Therians »
Hagelstein, Maud ULiege; Pfeiffer, Natacha; Michaud, Philippe-Alain et al

Conference given outside the academic context (2017)

On entend souvent dire que la danse n’a rien à voir avec les images, qu’elle ne produit pas de symboles, et qu’elle échappe au régime de la représentation. On sait ce qui justifie cette idée : la danse ... [more ▼]

On entend souvent dire que la danse n’a rien à voir avec les images, qu’elle ne produit pas de symboles, et qu’elle échappe au régime de la représentation. On sait ce qui justifie cette idée : la danse serait la présentation même du mouvement, de sa puissance intrinsèque, autrement dit le mouvement exécuté plutôt que représenté. Or, quand bien même on s’accorderait sur l’idée que la danse n’illustre rien, cela ne veut pas dire pour autant qu’elle ne créée pas d’alliances avec le monde des images. La rencontre autour de « Therians » offrira l’occasion de rendre visibles les ressources très stimulantes offertes par la théorie de l’image pour un savoir du mouvement. Dialoguant ici avec deux spécialistes du cinéma, Louise Vanneste pourra déplier les dispositifs visuels expérimentés dans son travail (montage, contrastes/contacts, cadre, métamorphoses, hybridité, etc.). [less ▲]

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See detailART ET MARGE GOÛTER PHILO #2
Hagelstein, Maud ULiege

Conference given outside the academic context (2017)

À quoi servent les œuvres d'art si elles n'ont plus seulement vocation à être "belles" ? Quelle incidence peuvent-elles avoir sur la vie politique et sociale ? Dans le domaine de l'art, on a ... [more ▼]

À quoi servent les œuvres d'art si elles n'ont plus seulement vocation à être "belles" ? Quelle incidence peuvent-elles avoir sur la vie politique et sociale ? Dans le domaine de l'art, on a traditionnellement défini la marge par des catégories dont les contours sont parfois discutés : art brut, art différencié, art outsider, etc. Poser la question de la marge, c'est poser la question de sa porosité au monde dit "normal". Cette séance donnera l'occasion de réfléchir aux liens de l'art avec des trajectoires humaines différentes mais aussi avec la dimension non-professionnelle du geste de créer. Comment l'amateur ou l'autodidacte nous apprend-il quelque chose de ce qu'on appelle l'art ? On pourra notamment relire les textes de Dubuffet et les discuter au regard d'artistes qui nous bouleversent. [less ▲]

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See detailAction-Based Language Gestalts in Working Memory
Dumitru, Magdalena ULiege

Conference (2017, November 11)

While evidence is mounting that perceptual grouping cues bene t working memory performance, it is debatable whether this is the main purpose of Gestalt formation. Indeed, recent ndings by Dumitru and ... [more ▼]

While evidence is mounting that perceptual grouping cues bene t working memory performance, it is debatable whether this is the main purpose of Gestalt formation. Indeed, recent ndings by Dumitru and colleagues demonstrate that people build language Gestalts that encode basic action patterns when reasoning with the connectives ‘and’ and ‘or’. Here we present novel evidence from dual memory tasks that Gestalt formation and maintenance breaks down under high working memory load for two age groups (18 to 30 year olds and 60 to 80 year olds). More importantly, the number of Gestalts evoked by the connectives (one for conjunction and two for disjunction) as well as the age-speci c performance levels with visual Gestalts predict the observed e ects. Well-established mappings between language and action patterns are thus a driving factor of Gestalt building and management in working memory. [less ▲]

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See detailRadicalisation violente des jeunes : vers une compréhension des processus pour guider nos interventions
Glowacz, Fabienne ULiege

Conference given outside the academic context (2017)

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See detailImplementation of "Parler-Bambin" preventive program in the multilingual and multicultural context of nurseries/daycares in Lebanon
Moitel ép Messarra, Camille ULiege; Maillart, Christelle ULiege

Poster (2017, November 10)

This project is targeting prevention programs for language and communication difficulties in nurseries in Lebanon. More specifically, it will explore the implementation of a preventive program to enhance ... [more ▼]

This project is targeting prevention programs for language and communication difficulties in nurseries in Lebanon. More specifically, it will explore the implementation of a preventive program to enhance language skills in early childhood, and to specify the role of the Speech and Language Therapist (SLT) in this implementation. There is a growing consensus among researchers and clinicians that abilities acquired at an early age, especially in oral language, are predictive of children's academic performance and future social integration (Zorman, 2011). Preventive actions are increasingly recognized as a priority to improve public health worldwide (Law et al., 2013). In Lebanon, an ongoing national program (MHPSS 2015-2021 - MHPSS, Preventive and Curative, Ministry of Public Health, 2015) is taking part of this kind of healthcare development. Aims: Thus, taking into account some variables that affect the implementation process (environment communities, providers, prevention delivery system and the prevention support system), the aims of this project are 1) to study the feasibility of a preventive program model, that partners Speech and Language Therapist and educators or caregivers in daycare and nurseries, to facilitate language and communication in Lebanese toddlers (under 3 years old), 2) determine the success factors of the implementation. It will be based on a French program “Parler Bambin”, which is currently widely developed in France. Method: The first study will focus on the factors of engagement of different stakeholders in a prevention program: firstly, by identifying the professionals involved in nurseries in Lebanon and then identifying the characteristics of these stakeholders in diverse childcares. Data will be gathered through a questionnaire constructed or adapted from existing questionnaires for this purpose (eg, Preschool Teacher Literacy Beliefs Questionnaire [TBQ], Hindman and Wasik, 2008). Similarly, the questionnaires will address SLT’s representations about their role in supporting language in nurseries. Nominal groups or focus groups (Baribeau and Germain, 2010) and questionnaires will be also carried out to identify the facilitators of this kind of preventive actions and the specific needs of SLTs in preventive settings. A second phase will target the implementation process itself: adapting and implementing a preventive intervention, while taking into consideration implementation aspects. We will find out major variables that are worthy for the program’s implementation, by measuring its fidelity (dosage, quantity, intervention strength, quality, participant responsiveness, program differentiation, etc.), also using videos and direct coaching sessions. Pre and posttest measures will be applied on children (MCDI -The MacArthur communicative development inventories, Fenson et al., 1996; Questionnaire for parents of bilingual children LITMUS-PABIQ, COST IS0804, validation in Lebanon, Tuller 2015). Finally, following the pilot study, the implementation of the adapted program will be proposed according to different execution modalities to support its implementation: with a direct or indirect involvement of an SLT. It will be tested more widely, with particular focus on the role of the speech therapist. Evaluation measures similar to those presented in Phase 2 will be carried out. Expected results: This project will highlight the added value of speech therapy in setting up a prevention program. It also participates in the elaboration of a national strategic framework for the Speech and Language Therapy [less ▲]

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See detailTeacher-SLT co-intervention program to support language in kindergartens in Lebanon: methodology, procedures and measures
El Kouba, Edith ULiege; Maillart, Christelle ULiege

Poster (2017, November 10)

Background: The aim of this project is to develop a co-intervention program, lead by a teacher and an SLT, to support oral language in preschoolers in the Lebanese context (multicultural, multilingual ... [more ▼]

Background: The aim of this project is to develop a co-intervention program, lead by a teacher and an SLT, to support oral language in preschoolers in the Lebanese context (multicultural, multilingual). Actually, there is a growing consensus, that efforts to enhance children’s early language skills, can improve their reading skills and long-term academic achievement. However, some children are at risk of delays due to diverse environments (e.g. low socioeconomic status), and impoverished language and literacy experiences. Thus, international recommendations highlight the necessity for SLTs to conceptualize their intervention, according to community based needs, focusing on primary prevention for early communication and language difficulties, given their later impact on social and professional integration (Law 2013). Aims: In line with the recommendations of the Ministry of Public Health in Lebanon (Mental Health program services MHPSS, preventive and curative, Ministry of Public Health, 2015), the purpose of the project is to support language skills in preschoolers by adapting, implementing and analyzing co-intervention program that partners early childhood educators along with SLTs. Methods: First, we will identify the beliefs, representations and expectations of the different stakeholders (teachers, speech-language pathologists, school principals) through questionnaires and interviews among the diverse Lebanese school contexts in order to 1) identify the knowledge and 2) gather their expectations in the area of support and prevention for language difficulties in kindergarten. Second, the project aims to identify the quality of teacher-child interaction, considered as one of the primary mechanism that foster the development of child’s language competences. It is commonly assessed by using the Classroom Assessment Scoring System (CLASS-K; Pianta, La Paro, & Hamre, 2008). Ten dimensions will be considered: climate (positive or negative), teacher sensitivity, children's perspectives, behavior management, productivity, teaching practices and learning formats, concept Development, quality of feedback provided to the child, and linguistic modeling. Finally, we will design a co-intervention program that is the most consistent with the contextual, cultural and linguistic diversity in Lebanon. Two intervention settings will be addressed and compared: 1) a co-intervention with an SLT including direct coaching, and video-retroactions and 2) an implementation of the program led by the teacher after a training provided by an SLT. We will collect information about children’s bilingual environment through the Parental Bilingual Questionnaire (PABIQ-LITMUS, COST Action IS804), and we will evaluate interactions through CLASS-K (Pianta, La Paro, & Hamre, 2008), pre and post evaluation. Children's language skills will be measured through: ELO-L (Zebib, Khomsi, Henry, Messarra, & Kouba Hreich, Lebanon Tests Editions, 2017). Moreover, measurements of the fidelity of program’s implementation (dosage, adhesion, quality of the interactions, responsiveness) will also be carried out. Results: The expected results are intended to demonstrate to which extent an intervention program, to enhance communication and language skills, carried out jointly by teachers and speech therapists, would be more effective than a program delivered without the intervention of SLTs. The intervention of speech-language pathologists would thus have a more effective impact on the teachers' practices and the language skills of the children. This would justify the primary role of SLTs in indirect interventions in preschools in Lebanon. [less ▲]

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See detail“Who Cares for those who Cared? Global Social Protection Arrangements Between Europe and Latin America”.
Vivas Romero, Maria ULiege

Conference (2017, November 09)

Belgium recently experienced an economic and political crisis. This context has reinforced the historical restrictive migratory approach while promoting policies that aim at restraining migration through ... [more ▼]

Belgium recently experienced an economic and political crisis. This context has reinforced the historical restrictive migratory approach while promoting policies that aim at restraining migration through the control of social provisions. In such an environment migrant families are categorized as an intolerable burden for the state (Lafleur and Stanek forthcoming). Evidently, these measures affected migrant family’s access to health-care, education, pension schemes and increased their unemployment rates (Castanheira et al. 2014; Pignal 2012). Nevertheless, it also drove them to diversify their resources to access social protection while negotiating them in sending, receiving and in-between countries. This paper tackles this last argument and explores the post-crisis strategies Peruvian and Colombian migrant families use to access global social protection arrangements while negotiating their access to informal and formal resources in a variety of countries in Europe and Latin America. Nonetheless, it also depicts emerging or transforming inequalities in their strategies. Global Social Protection arrangements are defined as strategies that migrants learn to put together through their life course to cope with social risks in areas such as: health-, long-term care, pensions or unemployment. Such strategies combine rights based in public welfare policies as well as market-family and community based practices. An intersectional lens (Anthias 2001) is used to explore how Andean transnational families’ ethnic, class, gender, generational positioning’s affects their strategies. The empirical data use draws from a multi-sited ethnography conducted with 15 Andean Transnational family networks over the past two years. [less ▲]

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See detailApproche par modèle de compartiments pour la modélisation des bioréacteurs
Delafosse, Angélique ULiege; Calvo, Sébastien ULiege; Toye, Dominique ULiege

Scientific conference (2017, November 09)

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See detailLa naissance médiatique de la bande dessinée (1830-1890)
Stienon, Valérie ULiege

Scientific conference (2017, November 09)

Dans quelle mesure une certaine presse, en particulier celle de la caricature, avec ses moyens graphiques, son personnel, ses techniques et les sociabilités artistiques sur lesquelles elle repose, a-t ... [more ▼]

Dans quelle mesure une certaine presse, en particulier celle de la caricature, avec ses moyens graphiques, son personnel, ses techniques et les sociabilités artistiques sur lesquelles elle repose, a-t-elle constitué un paramètre décisif dans l’émergence de l’art séquentiel au XIXe siècle, à l’entrée l’ère médiatique que l’on fait commencer dans ces mêmes années 1830 ? La BD est pleinement une création médiatique, par ses supports, ses publics, ses auteurs. Et parmi la grande diversité de paramètres concernés par cette genèse médiatique du genre, la visée humoristique serait même l’un des seuls traits stables. Il est possible d'esquisser une étude historique et générique intermédiale de la BD sous cet angle. [less ▲]

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See detailAvailable tools for the quantification of the evolution of future flood risk in Wallonia
Bruwier, Martin ULiege; Archambeau, Pierre ULiege; Pirotton, Michel ULiege et al

Conference given outside the academic context (2017)

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See detailInjection of spin-polarized current in a Ge-based magnetic device with coplanar contacts
Fourneau, Emile ULiege; Avila Osses, Jonathan ULiege; Silhanek, Alejandro ULiege et al

Poster (2017, November 09)

Electron spin injection and spin detection in magnetic materials are key features to the functionalization of electron spin polarization as a degree of freedom for both information processing and storage ... [more ▼]

Electron spin injection and spin detection in magnetic materials are key features to the functionalization of electron spin polarization as a degree of freedom for both information processing and storage. Currently, spin-dependent tunneling in magnetic junction devices is the most common approach to achieve efficient spin injection. However, many recent studies highlighted the interesting possibility to create spin-polarized currents in structures which combine a magnetic semiconductor, e.g. magnetic alloys based on group-IV semiconductors or diluted magnetic semiconductor compounds, forming a Schottky-like rectifying junction with a metallic ferromagnet. Although theoretical works have already addressed the performance of this structure by numerical simulations of the spin drift and spin diffusion equations, taking into account various characteristics of the ferromagnet (FM) / semiconductor (SC) interface such as barrier height and boundary roughness in 1D models, correlations with experimental results are scarce. This work aims at achieving spin injection with Ge-based magnetic structures using a rectifying junction in a coplanar architecture. We performed 2D numerical calculations of the spin drift and diffusion process in the direct neighborhood of a junction consisting of a Mn5Ge3 half-metallic ferromagnet acting as the injecting contact and an n-type Ge film, forming 3- and 4-terminal devices. Our results show that geometrical effects play a major role on the spin injection efficiency. Moreover, the simulations emphasize the asymmetry of spin accumulation at the FM/SC interface as well as a strong effect of the depletion layer caused by the Schottky contact junction. [less ▲]

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See detailModulation of NMDA receptor mediated excitatory synaptic currents in dopamine neurons of the substantia nigra.
Destreel, Geoffrey ULiege; Seutin, Vincent ULiege; Engel, Dominique ULiege

Poster (2017, November 08)

Dopamine (DA) neurons of the substantia nigra pars compacta (SNc) exhibit two main firing modes, spontaneous single action potential (AP) firing and bursting. The amount of DA released by these neurons in ... [more ▼]

Dopamine (DA) neurons of the substantia nigra pars compacta (SNc) exhibit two main firing modes, spontaneous single action potential (AP) firing and bursting. The amount of DA released by these neurons in target areas depends on the presynaptic AP firing pattern and is essential to modulate several aspects of behavior such as the control of movement. Bursting activity is mediated by excitatory afferents and specifically by the activation of NMDA receptors (NMDARs). However, the level of activation of NMDARs at these synapses during spontaneous synaptic activity is unknown. We assessed the occupancy of the glycine binding sites of the NMDAR by testing the effects of coagonists and by blocking the uptake of glycine on spontaneous excitatory postsynaptic currents (sEPSCs) in DA neurons of the SNc. [less ▲]

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See detailCATASTROPHES NATURELLES: CAUSES ET CONSEQUENCES - ANALYSE HOLISTIQUE
Ozer, Pierre ULiege

Scientific conference (2017, November 08)

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See detailSocio-historique de la protection sociale en Belgique
Jacquet, Nicolas ULiege

Conference given outside the academic context (2017)

Detailed reference viewed: 8 (1 ULiège)