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See detailFêtes en réseau et réseaux de l’imaginaire dans les fêtes jésuites de 1622
De Marco, Rosa ULiege

in DEMEULENAERE-DOUYÈRE, Christiane (Ed.) Les acteurs du développement des réseaux (in press)

Posant ses bases sur la nature réticulaire des fêtes jésuites, reflet de l’organisation administrative et des visées universelles de la Compagnie de Jésus, l’étude se propose de comprendre l’effet de la ... [more ▼]

Posant ses bases sur la nature réticulaire des fêtes jésuites, reflet de l’organisation administrative et des visées universelles de la Compagnie de Jésus, l’étude se propose de comprendre l’effet de la fête en réseau sur la réception des messages qu’elle véhicule et qu’elle construit. Pour ce faire, elle s’attache à l’analyse des fêtes qui se déroulèrent en France pendant l’année 1622, mettant en relation le réseau des fêtes de canonisation de saint Ignace de Loyola et de saint François Xavier avec celui des entrées solennelles de Louis XIII. L’analyse synchronique de ces fêtes a enfin l’ambition de montrer comment elles établissaient un réseau à la fois conceptuel et concret fondé sur des pratiques de représentation et de démonstration du pouvoir politique, en contribuant à la fabrication de l’image de la monarchie et du souverain de France. [less ▲]

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See detailFiscalité régionale et locale : actualités en droit public
Lombaert, Bruno; Thomas, Mathieu; Vrancken, Martin ULiege

in Le droit administratif répressif, fiscal et indemnitaire (in press)

La contribution présente des décisions récentes en fiscalité régionale et locale. Elle se penche également sur l'appréhension des intercommunales par l'Etat et sur leur sujétion à l'impôt sur les ... [more ▼]

La contribution présente des décisions récentes en fiscalité régionale et locale. Elle se penche également sur l'appréhension des intercommunales par l'Etat et sur leur sujétion à l'impôt sur les personnes morales ou sur les sociétés. [less ▲]

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See detailMacroporous poly(ionic liquid)/ionic liquid gels via CO2-based emulsion-templating polymerization
Mathieu, Kevin ULiege; Jérôme, Christine ULiege; Debuigne, Antoine ULiege

in Polymer Chemistry (in press)

Structuring poly(ionic liquid)s (PILs) into porous materials or swelling PILs with free ionic liquids (ILs) has received specific attention recently and contributed to improve the performances of these ... [more ▼]

Structuring poly(ionic liquid)s (PILs) into porous materials or swelling PILs with free ionic liquids (ILs) has received specific attention recently and contributed to improve the performances of these materials used in a wide range of applications. The present work aims to take benefit of both approaches and produce macroporous PIL/IL gels in a single step through an innovative emulsion-templated polymerization method based on supercritical carbon dioxide (scCO2). More precisely, ILs vinyl monomers and crosslinkers were polymerized in the presence of non polymerizable ILs within the outer phase of a CO2-in-ILs high internal phase emulsion (HIPE). Specific macromolecular surfactants were synthesized by controlled radical polymerization techniques and tested for the stabilization of the CO2-in-ILs emulsions. While optimizing the polymerization conditions, we found that adding a limited amount of water in the medium was beneficial for the emulsion stability. Overall, this straightforward process gave access to macroporous polyHIPEs composed of poly(vinyl imidazolium) networks swollen by ‘free’ vinyl imidazolium-based ILs having interesting properties such as switchable polarity upon simple anion exchange reaction. [less ▲]

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See detailA road map for explorative scenario creation on Belgian rail freight transport development
Troch, Franck; Vanelslander, Thierry; Sys, Christa et al

in Competition and Regulation in Network Industries (in press)

The starting point of this article is the weak usage of rail freight in Belgium and Europe, both as a sustainable mode of land transportation in itself as well as a part of the intermodal chain. The ... [more ▼]

The starting point of this article is the weak usage of rail freight in Belgium and Europe, both as a sustainable mode of land transportation in itself as well as a part of the intermodal chain. The results are obtained by transversal research on rail freight transport in Belgium, taking into account the European context. This interdisciplinary research develops a road map for the creation of three integrated scenarios: a best case, medium case and worst case scenario for rail freight development, based on a detailed SWOT (strength, weakness, opportunities, threats) analysis. It includes the most probable future developments for rail freight transport and hinterland connections. These developments are obtained from literature review and discussions with a heterogeneous panel of experts in the fields of (i) optimal corridor and hub development, (ii) macroeconomic impact, (iii) sustainability, (iv) effective market regulation and (v) governance and organization for a well-functioning intermodality. The Delphi approach is used in combination with a survey analysis. Frequency tables and the H-index allow defining a ranking and selection of SWOT elements. The obtained scenarios allow future research to quantify and measure the impact of future developments and decisions towards the Belgian rail freight market. [less ▲]

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See detailVoice use among music theory teachers: A voice dosimetry and self-assessment study
Schiller, Isabel ULiege; Morsomme, Dominique ULiege; Remacle, Angélique ULiege

in Journal of Voice (in press)

Objectives: (1) To investigate music theory teachers’ professional and extra-professional vocal loading and background noise exposure, (2) to determine the correlation between vocal loading and background ... [more ▼]

Objectives: (1) To investigate music theory teachers’ professional and extra-professional vocal loading and background noise exposure, (2) to determine the correlation between vocal loading and background noise, and (3) to determine the correlation between vocal loading and self-evaluation data. Methods: Using voice dosimetry, 13 music theory teachers were monitored for one workweek. Parameters analysed were voice SPL, F0, phonation time, vocal loading index (VLI) and noise SPL. Spearman’s correlation was used to correlate vocal loading parameters (voice SPL, F0 and phonation time) and noise SPL. Each day, subjects self-assessed their voice using visual analogue scales. VLI and self-evaluation data were correlated using Spearman’s correlation. Results: Vocal loading parameters and noise SPL were significantly higher in the professional than in the extra-professional environment. Voice SPL, phonation time and females’ F0 correlated positively with noise SPL. VLI correlated with self-assessed voice quality, vocal fatigue and amount of singing and speaking voice produced. Conclusions: Teaching music theory is a profession with high vocal demands. More background noise is associated with increased vocal loading and may indirectly increase the risk for voice disorders. Correlations between VLI and self-assessments suggest that these teachers are well-aware of their vocal demands and feel their effect on voice quality and vocal fatigue. Visual analogue scales seem to represent a useful tool for subjective vocal loading assessment and associated symptoms in these professional voice users. [less ▲]

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See detailSteady-State, Nonlinear Analysis of Large Arrays of Electrically Actuated Micromembranes Vibrating in a Fluid
Halbach, Alexandre ULiege; Geuzaine, Christophe ULiege

in Engineering with Computers (in press)

This paper describes a robust and efficient method to obtain the steady-state, nonlinear behaviour of large arrays of electrically actuated micromembranes vibrating in a fluid. The nonlinear ... [more ▼]

This paper describes a robust and efficient method to obtain the steady-state, nonlinear behaviour of large arrays of electrically actuated micromembranes vibrating in a fluid. The nonlinear electromechanical behavior and the multiple vibration harmonics it creates are fully taken into account thanks to a multiharmonic finite element formulation, generated automatically using symbolic calculation. A domain decomposition method allows to consider large arrays of micromembranes by efficiently distributing the computational cost on parallel computers. Two- and three- dimensional examples highlight the main properties of the proposed method. [less ▲]

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See detailPersonnalité borderline et tatouage : Hippolyte et le corps-en-disparition
Englebert, Jérôme ULiege; Follet, Valérie

in Cahiers de Psychologie Clinique (in press)

Based on the analysis of a clinical case, namely a borderline patient displaying several self-realised tattoos, we’ll broach three principal characteristics of borderline existence. They are instantaneity ... [more ▼]

Based on the analysis of a clinical case, namely a borderline patient displaying several self-realised tattoos, we’ll broach three principal characteristics of borderline existence. They are instantaneity, ubiquity and a sense of disappearing-body. Given this original understanding of the trouble, the issue of tattoo practice in borderline people, as well as the very particular relationship they maintain with their own body and other people, will be discussed. We’ll also highlight the dialectics between the objectification of the body, as an object which is likely to be manipulated and modified, and the objectivation of the body, as an object dotted with the special and determining power of being animated by a subjectivity. We’ll end by emphasising how the borderline personality find its place and is, in a way, in tune with the postmodern evolution of our current society. [less ▲]

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See detailPrinting Books and Bruges during the Fifteenth Century
Adam, Renaud ULiege

in Hauwaerts, Evelien; Vandamme, Ludo (Eds.) Colard Mansion. Innovating Text and Image in Medieval Bruges (in press)

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See detail« Du définitif sur du provisoire… » : Psychopathologie et tatouage
Englebert, Jérôme ULiege; Follet, Valérie

in Feneuil, Anthony; Krtolica, Igor (Eds.) L’expérience de l’éternité : Philosophie, clinique, mystique (in press)

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See detailRecherche policière et judiciaire sur internet: analyse critique du nouveau cadre législatif belge
Leroux, Olivier; Franssen, Vanessa ULiege

in Franssen, Vanessa; Flore, Daniel (Eds.) Le droit pénal et la procédure pénale face aux défis de la société numérique Perspectives belges, françaises et européennes (in press)

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See detailRimbaud et l’incantation au second degré
Saint-Amand, Denis ULiege

in Thériaut, Patrick (Ed.) L'incantation littéraire (in press)

L’oeuvre de Rimbaud peut largement s’envisager à travers le prisme d’une parole magique, performative et créatrice de possibles : au fil de compositions hantées par le motif de la magie, des « flots ... [more ▼]

L’oeuvre de Rimbaud peut largement s’envisager à travers le prisme d’une parole magique, performative et créatrice de possibles : au fil de compositions hantées par le motif de la magie, des « flots abracadabrantesques » du « Coeur volé » jusqu’à l’« Alchimie du Verbe », le poète cherche à s’affranchir de la tradition pour tenter d’« arrive[r] à l’inconnu », selon la formule programmatique de la lettre à Demeny du 15 mai 1871. Dans la même missive, ce qui s’énonce d’abord comme un projet prométhéen (« Le poète est vraiment voleur de feu ») se résume en trois mots supposant davantage un engagement dans l’expérimentation : « Trouver une langue. » Au poète de tenter, d’éprouver, de faire bouger les cadres et de secouer les structures établies. La présente contribution envisage les rouages de la poésie rimbaldienne en matière d’incantation à l’aune d’une poétique du détournement. [less ▲]

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See detailDesigning an air-to-air heat exchanger dedicated to single room ventilation with heat recovery
Gendebien, Samuel ULiege; Martens, Jonathan; Prieels, Luc et al

in Building Simulation: An International Journal (in press)

The present paper focuses on the development steps of heat exchangers dedicated to single room ventilation unit with heat recovery (SRVHR) by proposing a numerical approach. A methodology is suggested in ... [more ▼]

The present paper focuses on the development steps of heat exchangers dedicated to single room ventilation unit with heat recovery (SRVHR) by proposing a numerical approach. A methodology is suggested in order to determine the best trade-off between hydraulic and thermal performance given a specific geometry. The methodology consists in a mapping of the coefficient of performance (COP) of the unit. The latter is defined as the ratio between recovered heat and the fan energy use, given a specific indoor/outdoor temperature difference. However, the energy performance should not be the only criterion to be taken into account in the frame of the design steps of a heat recovery exchanger: technical, economic and acoustic aspects should also be considered. This numerical methodology is illustrated by means of a real example of a newly developed heat exchanger dedicated to a SRVHR. The optimization is first performed while using a semi-empirical model (based on the use of correlations and on a spatial division of the studied heat exchanger). The semi-empirical model allows for the creation of a COP map in order to identify the most effective geometry parameters for the heat exchanger. The decision concerning the final geometry is made accounting for the so-called technical, economic and acoustic considerations. A discussion on some parameters needed for the COP establishment is also proposed. [less ▲]

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See detailKIAA1199: a novel regulator of MEK/ERK-induced Schwann cell dedifferentiation
Boerboom, Angelique; Reusch, Céline ULiege; Pieltain, Alexandra ULiege et al

in Glia (in press)

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See detailBrain-heart interactions reveal consciousness in non-communicating patients
Raimondo, Federico; Rohaut, Benjamin; Demertzi, Athina ULiege et al

in Annals of Neurology (in press)

Objective: We here aimed at characterizing heart–brain interactions in patients with disorders of consciousness. We tested how this information impacts data-driven classification between unresponsive and ... [more ▼]

Objective: We here aimed at characterizing heart–brain interactions in patients with disorders of consciousness. We tested how this information impacts data-driven classification between unresponsive and minimally conscious patients. Methods: A cohort of 127 patients in vegetative state/unresponsive wakefulness syndrome (VS/UWS; n570) and minimally conscious state (MCS; n557) were presented with the local–global auditory oddball paradigm, which dis- tinguishes 2 levels of processing: short-term deviation of local auditory regularities and global long-term rule viola- tions. In addition to previously validated markers of consciousness extracted from electroencephalograms (EEG), we computed autonomic cardiac markers, such as heart rate (HR) and HR variability (HRV), and cardiac cycle phase shifts triggered by the processing of the auditory stimuli. Results: HR and HRV were similar in patients across groups. The cardiac cycle was not sensitive to the processing of local regularities in either the VS/UWS or MCS patients. In contrast, global regularities induced a phase shift of the cardiac cycle exclusively in the MCS group. The interval between the auditory stimulation and the following R peak was significantly shortened in MCS when the auditory rule was violated. When the information for the cardiac cycle modulations and other consciousness-related EEG markers were combined, single patient classification performance was enhanced compared to classification with solely EEG markers. Interpretation: Our work shows a link between residual cognitive processing and the modulation of autonomic somatic markers. These results open a new window to evaluate patients with disorders of consciousness via the embodied paradigm, according to which body–brain functions contribute to a holistic approach to conscious processing. [less ▲]

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See detailLogiques d'une entrée en poésie
Saint-Amand, Denis ULiege

in Gaden, Élodie; Claudel, Paul-André (Eds.) Valentine de Saint-Point à la croisée des avant-gardes (in press)

Personnage intrigant de la Belle-Époque, auteure prolifique et femme du monde active dans différents réseaux avant-gardistes, Valentine de Saint-Point compte aujourd’hui parmi ceux qu’on appelle les ... [more ▼]

Personnage intrigant de la Belle-Époque, auteure prolifique et femme du monde active dans différents réseaux avant-gardistes, Valentine de Saint-Point compte aujourd’hui parmi ceux qu’on appelle les minores, les laissés pour compte de l’histoire littéraire, les marginaux. Le présent article a pour objectif de revenir sur l’émergence littéraire de l’auteure ― du moins, sur la forme la plus visible de cette émergence. On s’y penche sur ce qui se joue et se donne à lire dans le recueil Poèmes de la mer et du soleil, publié en 1905 chez Albert Messein et qui va permettre à l’auteure d’entrer dans le jeu en se présentant comme poétesse et en se positionnant, par des revendications de filiation plus ou moins explicites, vis-à-vis de l’offre poétique de son temps. [less ▲]

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See detailObjet et pratiques sémiotiques : quelques enjeux médiatiques du support photographique
Honba Honba, Cédric ULiege

in Signata. Annales des Sémiotiques = Annals of Semiotics (in press)

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See detailSurvival and consciousness recovery are better in the minimally conscious state than in the vegetative state
Faugeras, Frédéric; Rohaut, Benjamin; Valente, Melanie et al

in Brain Injury (in press)

BACKGROUND The prognosis value of early clinical diagnosis of consciousness impairment is documented by an extremely limited number of studies, whereas it may convey important information to guide medical ... [more ▼]

BACKGROUND The prognosis value of early clinical diagnosis of consciousness impairment is documented by an extremely limited number of studies, whereas it may convey important information to guide medical decisions. OBJECTIVE We aimed at determining if patients diagnosed at an early stage (<90 days after brain injury) as being in the minimally conscious state (MCS) have a better prognosis than patients in the vegetative state/Unresponsive Wakefulness syndrome (VS/UWS), independent of care limitations or withdrawal decisions. METHODS Patients hospitalized in ICUs of the Pitié-Salpêtrière Hospital (Paris, France) from November 2008 to January 2011 were included and evaluated behaviourally with standardized assessment and with the Coma Recovery Scale-Revised as being either in the VS/UWS or in the MCS. They were then prospectively followed until 1July 2011 to evaluate their outcome with the GOSE. We compared survival function and outcomes of these two groups. RESULTS Both survival function and outcomes, including consciousness recovery, were significantly better in the MCS group. This difference of outcome still holds when considering only patients still alive at the end of the study. CONCLUSIONS Early accurate clinical diagnosis of VS/UWS or MCS conveys a strong prognostic value of survival and of consciousness recovery. [less ▲]

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