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See detailFlow field in shallow reservoir with varying inlet and outlet position
Ferrara, Velia; Erpicum, Sébastien ULg; Archambeau, Pierre ULg et al

in Journal of Hydraulic Research (in press)

Shallow reservoirs are used for multiple purposes, such as storm water retention and trapping of sediments. Reliable predictions of the flow fields are necessary to inform the design and operation of ... [more ▼]

Shallow reservoirs are used for multiple purposes, such as storm water retention and trapping of sediments. Reliable predictions of the flow fields are necessary to inform the design and operation of these structures. Using numerical simulations, we performed a systematic analysis of the influence of the location of the inlet and outlet on the flow fields developing in rectangular shallow reservoirs of various sizes. Depending on the relative location of the inlet and outlet with respect to the reservoir centreline, contrasting flow patterns are obtained, involving either no flow reattachment, or a jet reattached on either of the reservoir sidewalls. The results reveal also the occurrence of bi-stable flow configurations, i.e. different steady state flow fields are reached depending on the flow history. This is of high relevance for the design of shallow reservoirs as such configurations should certainly be avoided to achieve a robust hydraulic sizing of the reservoir. [less ▲]

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See detailCritical review of surface-enhanced Raman spectroscopy applications in the pharmaceutical field
Cailletaud, Johan ULg; De Bleye, Charlotte ULg; Dumont, Elodie ULg et al

in Journal of Pharmaceutical & Biomedical Analysis (in press)

Surface-enhanced Raman spectroscopy (SERS) is a sensitive analytical tool used in the pharmaceutical field in recent years. SERS keeps all the advantages of classical Raman spectroscopy while being is ... [more ▼]

Surface-enhanced Raman spectroscopy (SERS) is a sensitive analytical tool used in the pharmaceutical field in recent years. SERS keeps all the advantages of classical Raman spectroscopy while being is more sensitive allowing its use for the detection and the quantification of low-dose substances contained in pharmaceutical samples. However, the analytical performance of SERS is limited due to the difficulty to implement a quantitative methodology correctly validated. Nevertheless, some studies reported the development of SERS quantitative methods especially in pharmaceutical approaches. In this context, this review presents the main concepts of the SERS technique. The different steps that need to be applied to develop a SERS quantitative method are also deeply described. The last part of the present manuscript gives a critical overview of the different SERS pharmaceutical applications that were developed for a non-exhaustive list of pharmaceutical compounds with the aim to highlights the validation criteria for each application. [less ▲]

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See detailThe social and political background of MPs of immigrant origin: are they any different?
Dodeigne, Jérémy ULg; Vintila, Daniela; Morales, Laura

in Morales, Laura; Saalfeld (Eds.) Pathways to Power: The Political Representation of Citizens of Immigrant Origin in Seven European Democracies (in press)

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See detailAccess to Positions of Influence in the Parliamentary Arena: Are MPs of Immigrant Origin Disadvantaged?
Fernandes, Jorge; Dodeigne, Jérémy ULg; Morales, Laura

in Morales, Laura; Saalfeld, Thomas (Eds.) Pathways to Power: The Political Representation of Citizens of Immigrant Origin in Seven European Democracies (in press)

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See detailThe Mayors’ Political Career: Between Local and National Ambition
Dodeigne, Jérémy ULg

in Heinelt, Hubert; Magnier, Annick (Eds.) The European Mayor II: Political Leaders in the Changing Context of Local Democracy (in press)

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See detailDo sex reversal procedures differentially affect agonistic behaviours and sex steroid levels depending on the sexual genotype in Nile tilapia?
Gennotte, Vincent ULg; Akonkwa, Balagizi; Mélard, Charles ULg et al

in Journal of Experimental Zoology. Part A, Ecological Genetics and Physiology (in press)

In Nile tilapia Oreochromis niloticus, phenotypic males and females with different sexual genotypes (XX, XY, YY) have particular behavioural and physiological traits. Compared to natural XX females and XY ... [more ▼]

In Nile tilapia Oreochromis niloticus, phenotypic males and females with different sexual genotypes (XX, XY, YY) have particular behavioural and physiological traits. Compared to natural XX females and XY males, XY and YY females, and XX males expressed higher level of aggressiveness that could be related to higher levels of 17β-oestradiol and 11-ketotestosterone respectively. Our results suggest that the presence of a Y chromosome increases aggressiveness in females. However, since the same relationship between aggressiveness and the Y chromosome is not observed in males, we can hypothesize that the differences in aggressiveness are not directly dependent on the genotype but on the sex reversal procedures applied on young fry during their sexual differentiation to produce these breeders. These hormonal treatments could have permanently modified the development of the brain and consequently influenced the behaviour of adults independently of their genotype. In both hypotheses (genotype or sex reversal influence), the causes of behavioural modifications have to be searched in an early modification of the brain sexual differentiation. [less ▲]

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See detailA central role for Type I IFN in Th2 response induction by dendritic cells
Webb, Lauren M.; Lundie, Rachel J.; Borger, Jessica G. et al

in EMBO Journal (in press)

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See detailMore or less integration ? Explaining Candidates’ and Citizens’ Attitudes towards European Integration in 2014 Belgium
Defacq, Samuel; Dodeigne, Jérémy ULg; Teuber, Ferdinand et al

in Vandeleene, Audrey; De Winter, Lieven; Baudewyns, Pierre (Eds.) Candidates between parties and voters in the Belgian partitocracy: a multilevel analysis (in press)

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See detailSmart City concepts: from perception to acceptability
Schelings, Clémentine ULg; Elsen, Catherine ULg

in Proceedings of the 21th Conference of the Environmental and Sustainability Management Accounting Network (EMAN) (in press)

This paper studies the sustainability of the Smart City from the acceptability perspective. Assuming that there is a possibility for end-users to reject some of the Smart City principles and, consequently ... [more ▼]

This paper studies the sustainability of the Smart City from the acceptability perspective. Assuming that there is a possibility for end-users to reject some of the Smart City principles and, consequently, to jeopardize its perenniality, we argue that studying how citizens perceive some of the Smart City concepts is a prerequisite for the assessment of the Smart City sustainability scheme. In this paper, we test the acceptability of the Smart City by confronting the theoretical concepts generally mobilized in the literature with the people’s actual perceptions. To this end, a short survey was distributed on the occasion of three Smart City events. This article analyses the obtained results in regard of three demographic factors (age, gender and professional background). It thus repositions chore concepts of the Smart City in regard of acceptability, and particularly in relation to the associated risks for its sustainability. [less ▲]

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See detailObjet et pratiques sémiotiques : les enjeux médiatiques du support photographique
Honba Honba, Cédric ULg

in Signata. Annales des Sémiotiques = Annals of Semiotics (in press)

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See detailThe Roles of Networks in Institutionalizing New Hybrid Organizational Forms: Insights from the European Renewable Energy Cooperative Network
Huybrechts, Benjamin ULg; Haugh, Helen

in Organization Studies (in press)

Hybrid organizational forms combine values and practices from different institutional domains, rendering them difficult to fit neatly into the structures of extant organizational forms. Since the work ... [more ▼]

Hybrid organizational forms combine values and practices from different institutional domains, rendering them difficult to fit neatly into the structures of extant organizational forms. Since the work required to institutionalize a new hybrid organizational form may be beyond the resources and capabilities of individual organizations acting alone, we shift the focus to inter-organizational collective action. Using empirical data from a study of a European network of renewable energy cooperatives, we find that, in order to institutionalize the new hybrid organizational form, the network can contribute to overcome the legitimacy challenges inherent in organizational hybridity. In particular, the network builds field-level receptivity to institutional pluralism, collectively codifies the hybrid organizational form, and consolidates legitimation towards plural field-level audiences. In order to perform these institutionalization roles, the network itself becomes increasingly formalized and mobilizes mediating functions involving different types of resources, legitimacy and target audiences. The research advances knowledge of hybrid organizational forms and their collective institutionalization through inter-organizational networks. [less ▲]

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See detailEfficacy of Basil-Cabbage intercropping to control insect pests in Benin, West Africa
Yarou, Boni Barthélémy ULg; Assogba Komlan, Françoise; Tossou, Eric et al

in Communications in Agricultural and Applied Biological Sciences (in press)

Cabbage (Brassica oleracea L.) is a common vegetable whose production is severely limited by insect pest pressure in Western Africa. This study was conducted during the dry and rainy season in the south ... [more ▼]

Cabbage (Brassica oleracea L.) is a common vegetable whose production is severely limited by insect pest pressure in Western Africa. This study was conducted during the dry and rainy season in the south Benin to evaluate the potential of tropical basil (Ocimum gratissimum L.) for repelling cabbage pests (Hellula undalis Fabricius, Plutella xylostella L. and Spodoptera litto-ralis Boisduval). In a complete randomized block design with four replicates, the insect infestation were compared between three association modalities: (i) cabbage intercropped with tropical basil, (ii) cabbage plots surrounded by tropical basil and (iii) control (no basil in the cabbage area). The presence of tropical basil near cabbage plots significantly reduced insect pest abundance on cabbage. Damages were also less important on cabbage intercropped with tropical basil. Among both intercropping modalities, alternate rows showed the best results in terms of reducing pest populations and damages than compared to cabbage plots surrounded by tropical basil. [less ▲]

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See detailMorphological integration and alternative life history strategies: a case study in a facultatively paedomorphic newt
Tomašević, Natasa; Cvijanović, Milena; Denoël, Mathieu ULg et al

in Journal of Experimental Zoology. Part B, Molecular and Developmental Evolution (in press)

Tetrapod limbs are serially homologous structures that represent a particularly interesting model for studies on morphological integration, i.e. the tendency of developmental systems to produce correlated ... [more ▼]

Tetrapod limbs are serially homologous structures that represent a particularly interesting model for studies on morphological integration, i.e. the tendency of developmental systems to produce correlated variation. In newts, limbs develop at an early larval stage and grow continuously, including after the habitat transition from water to land following metamorphosis. However, aquatic and terrestrial environments impose different constraints and locomotor modes that could affect patterns of morphological integration and evolvability. We hypothesize that this would be the case for alternative heterochronic morphs in newts, i.e. aquatic paedomorphs that keep gills at the adult stage and adult metamorphs that are able to disperse on land. To this end, we analysed patterns and strengths of correlations between homologous skeletal elements of the fore- and hindlimbs as well as among skeletal elements within limbs in both phenotypes in the alpine newt, Ichthyosaura alpestris. Our results showed that metamorphs and paedomorphs had similar, general patterns of limb integration. Partial correlations between homologous limb elements and within limb elements were higher in paedomorphs when compared to metamorphs. Decrease in partial correlation between homologous limb elements in metamorphs is accompanied with a higher evolvability of the terrestrial morph. All these results indicate that environmental demands shaped the patterns of morphological integration of alpine newt limbs and that the observed diversity in correlation structure could be related to a qualitative difference in the modes of locomotion between the morphs. [less ▲]

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See detailPlaton sans métaphysique
Dewalque, Arnaud ULg

in Platon néokantien (in press)

La littérature néokantienne consacrée à la théorie platonicienne des Idées est surabondante. Elle a été alimentée par des questions profondes et a donné lieu, à son tour, à plusieurs polémiques ... [more ▼]

La littérature néokantienne consacrée à la théorie platonicienne des Idées est surabondante. Elle a été alimentée par des questions profondes et a donné lieu, à son tour, à plusieurs polémiques importantes. Compte tenu de l’ampleur du dossier et de la variété des interprétations proposées, nous devrons renoncer, dans cette introduction, à brosser un tableau général de la réception néokantienne de Platon. Nous nous bornerons à en donner un aperçu introductif en mettant en évidence un petit nombre de thèses centrales et en mentionnant quelques aspects saillants des controverses que ces thèses ont suscitées. [less ▲]

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See detailMusical practices and identity. The story of the Roman sojourn (1623-1627) of Maurice of Savoy, crown-cardinal of France
Morales, Jorge ULg

in Corswarem, Emilie; Berti, Michela (Eds.) Music and the Identity Process : the National Churches in Rome in the Early Modern Period (in press)

Les cardinaux de couronne avaient pour fonction de défendre et de représenter les intérêts d’un État étranger auprès de la Curie. Cette activité leur conférait une place centrale et particulière dans le ... [more ▼]

Les cardinaux de couronne avaient pour fonction de défendre et de représenter les intérêts d’un État étranger auprès de la Curie. Cette activité leur conférait une place centrale et particulière dans le complexe réseau diplomatique, ecclésiastique et nobiliaire romain. À travers l’étude de quelques cas, nous examinerons leur rôle culturel en tant qu’organisateurs de fêtes et de cérémonies, manifestations essentielles à leur promotion sociale, événements où s’exerçaient les pratiques musicales et lieux d’expression de l’identité nationale. L’analyse de ces marqueurs identitaires nous permettra de vérifier l’existence d’une double culture ainsi que la construction d’un modèle de cardinal protecteur national à la cour de Rome, « grand théâtre du monde ». [less ▲]

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See detailSigismondo D’India et ses mondes. Un compositeur italien d’avant-garde
Morales, Jorge ULg

Book published by Classiques Garnier (in press)

Cet ouvrage analyse le parcours artistique d’un compositeur majeur de l’époque de Monteverdi, Sigismondo D’India (c. 1582-c. 1629), depuis l’Italie méridionale de ses origines jusqu’à son séjour à Rome et ... [more ▼]

Cet ouvrage analyse le parcours artistique d’un compositeur majeur de l’époque de Monteverdi, Sigismondo D’India (c. 1582-c. 1629), depuis l’Italie méridionale de ses origines jusqu’à son séjour à Rome et à Modène, où le musicien acheva son existence. En étudiant les villes, les cours, les princes protecteurs, les dédicataires et les lieux destinés à la musique, chacune des parties suit une étape de la carrière de D’India et redonne vie aux mondes de ce compositeur italien d’avant-garde. Apparaissent alors les thématiques du voyage, de la circularité et du croisement, lesquelles permettent de penser l’histoire de la musique comme une histoire à la fois des pratiques culturelles et de l’expérience musicale. [less ▲]

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See detailSigismondo d'India
Morales, Jorge ULg

in Dizionario enciclopedico dei pensatori e dei teologi di Sicilia : secc. 17 (in press)

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