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See detailThe Potential of Digital Tools and Technologies in Architectural Heritage Research for an Inclusive Approach to Built Heritage
Eisazadeh, Negin ULiege; Houbart, Claudine ULiege; Hallot, Pierre ULiege et al

Conference (in press)

In recent years, inclusive design (a.k.a. universal design or design for all) is one of the developed approaches which aim to consider the diverse human abilities and conditions in the design process. As ... [more ▼]

In recent years, inclusive design (a.k.a. universal design or design for all) is one of the developed approaches which aim to consider the diverse human abilities and conditions in the design process. As defined by the European Institute for Design and Disability (EIDD) ‘design for all’ is designing for diversity, social inclusion and equality. Considering the social and demographic changes in the 21st century, which include an international movement towards social inclusion and more specifically the rights of disabled people, an inclusive approach is turning into a necessity for today’s diverse and ageing society. In the case of architectural and urban heritage, the disabled people or in better words those with diverse sensory, mental or mobility abilities who differ from the general public, have the right to experience, interact with, and engage with heritage and its values. As part of an extensive interdisciplinary research on inclusive approaches to built heritage values, which connects the fields of architecture, history, conservation, inclusive design, and digital humanities, this paper investigates the potentials of incorporating digital tools and techniques in the different aspects of this research. The extensive study involves communication between researchers, relevant professional experts, and the historic built environment with the target community of disabled people and in this paper, the digital means to facilitate these interactions have been studied. As a step towards answering the question ‘what are suitable methods and tools for facilitating and acquiring insight into diversely abled people’s engagement with and understanding of architectural heritage and its values?’, it more specifically focuses on the interaction of the disabled people with the historic architecture and urban spaces. Additionally, in a more general approach, by linking the fields of digital humanities and architectural research, the existing tools for the different stages of research ranging from data collection and storage, data analysis, and dissemination are explored. By conducting and elaborating relevant research examples, this study shows how incorporating digital tools and techniques derived from Digital Humanities - such as retrieving data through APIs, textual analysis, creating and querying databases, and data visualization - can facilitate research in the field of architecture and built heritage. Moreover, in studying the relation between disability and the historic built environment, it indicates that acquiring knowledge on the potentials in practical digital tools for disabled people’s interaction with the built heritage, can have a significant impact on the research approach and findings. As for an inclusive approach to built heritage, the disabled people can be taken into account with their prospective extended digital abilities. Hence in today’s digital world, integrating the digital tools and technologies in architectural heritage research is not only a necessary practical mean for conducting research, but can also impact the theoretical approach, allowing to carry out extensive and innovative research in an efficient manner. [less ▲]

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See detailA push–pull strategy to control aphids combines intercropping with semiochemical releases
Xu, Qingxuan ULiege; Hatt, Séverin ULiege; Chevalier Mendes Lopes, Thomas ULiege et al

in Journal of Pest Science (in press)

Even if insect pest populations can be reduced by increasing plant diversity through intercropping, natural enemies are not always favored in such systems. Alternatively, semiochemical substances have ... [more ▼]

Even if insect pest populations can be reduced by increasing plant diversity through intercropping, natural enemies are not always favored in such systems. Alternatively, semiochemical substances have been tested to enhance biological control, with inconsistent results. Combining both strategies can be an interesting way to maximize pest control. In this work, a 2-year setup involving wheat–pea strip intercropping combined with the release of E-b-farnesene (EBF) or methyl salicylate (MeSA) was tested as a push–pull strategy to simultaneously repel aphids and attract beneficials. Two types of slow-release formulation (i.e., oil and alginate beads) containing EBF or MeSA were deployed with the intercropping. The abundance of aphids was significantly decreased, while hoverfly larvae and mummified aphids increased on both pea plants and wheat tillers by the release of oil-formulated EBF and MeSA. The proportion parasitism of the aphid-parasitism rate [mummies/(aphids + mummies)] was also increased by treating both crops in both years. Releasing EBF through oil rather than alginate beads proved significantly better for attracting natural enemies and reducing aphids. Aphids were negatively correlated with the density of hoverflies (both adults and larvae) and numbers of mummies. All these results showed that combining intercropping with the release of EBF or MeSA formulated in oil can significantly reduce aphid density and attract their natural enemies. Therefore, the combination of both strategies could help farmers reduce the use of insecticides. [less ▲]

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See detailProtein requirements of collared peccary (Pecari tajacu)
Borges, Rogerio; Mendes, Alcester; Nogueira, Selene et al

in Tropical Animal Health and Production (in press)

A nitrogen (N) balance digestion trial was conducted to determine the protein requirement of collared peccaries (Pecari tajacu). In a 4 × 4 Latin square design, four captive adult male peccaries were fed ... [more ▼]

A nitrogen (N) balance digestion trial was conducted to determine the protein requirement of collared peccaries (Pecari tajacu). In a 4 × 4 Latin square design, four captive adult male peccaries were fed four isoenergy diets containing four different levels of N (11.7, 16.3, 22.8, and 26.7 g N/kg of dry matter—DM). After 15 days of adaptation, a total collection of feces and urine was carried out for five consecutive days. Regression analyses between N intake and N in feces and urine allowed to calculate the metabolic fecal nitrogen (MFN = 2.3 g N/kg of dry matter intake—DMI) and daily endogenous urinary N (EUN = 185 mg N/kg0.75). Likewise, by regression analyses between consumption of nitrogen and the nitrogen balance (NB = N ingested − N excreted, mg N/kg0.75), a daily requirement of 514 mg N/kg0.75 was calculated. Therefore, if food intake is unrestricted, collared peccaries require a minimumin their diet of about 5.4% crude protein on DM basis. These values are almost as low as those found for browsing and frugivorous wild ruminants, which reinforce the proposition that peccaries’ digestive physiology is nearer to that of domestic and wild ruminants than domestic pigs. This relatively low protein requirement of collared peccary and its great ability to digest protein reveal the relevance of the forestomach for the species on nitrogen/protein metabolism and allow the use of diets with lower crude protein levels than the commercial ones used for the domestic pig, which reduces feed costs. [less ▲]

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See detailSearching for Plausible N-k Contingencies Endangering Voltage Stability
Weckesser, Johannes ULiege; Van Cutsem, Thierry ULiege

in IEEE International Conference on Innovative Smart Grid Technologies IEEE ISGT Europe 2017, Turin 26-29 September 2017 (in press)

This paper presents a novel search algorithm using time-domain simulations to identify plausible N-k contingencies endangering voltage stability. Starting from an initial list of disturbances ... [more ▼]

This paper presents a novel search algorithm using time-domain simulations to identify plausible N-k contingencies endangering voltage stability. Starting from an initial list of disturbances, progressively more severe contingencies are investigated. After simulation of a N-k contingency, the simulation results are assessed. If the system response is unstable, a plausible harmful contingency sequence has been found. Otherwise, components affected by the contingencies are considered as candidate next event leading to N-(k+1) contingencies. This implicitly takes into account hidden failures of component protections. The performance of the proposed search algorithm is compared to a brute-force algorithm and demonstrated on the IEEE Nordic test system. [less ▲]

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See detailIn San Carlo all’Arena district: positive and negative values in a degraded cultural landscape
Rapalo, Maria Chiara ULiege

in Atti del Convegno Internazionale La Baia di Napoli. Strategie integrate per la conservazione e la fruizione del paesaggio culturale (in press)

Located in the 'inner periphery' of Neapolitan historic center, at the foot of Capodimonte Park, historically the urban fabric of San Carlo Arena district eastern area has developed around two ... [more ▼]

Located in the 'inner periphery' of Neapolitan historic center, at the foot of Capodimonte Park, historically the urban fabric of San Carlo Arena district eastern area has developed around two architectural complexes: Santa Maria dei Miracoli and Santa Maria degli Angeli alle Croci, for a long time aggregation places for local people. In addition, the ‘lava dei Vergini’ phenomenon, which periodically flooded the area outside the ancient city walls and the ‘for a via’ street (Via Foria), created optimal conditions for tuff extraction, used for local construction. In the past, physical features, such as the irregularity of the hilly area modeled by natural agents, the presence of several underground quarries, the grandeur of remarkable architectural presence, the numerous alleys in a heavily layered historical fabric, and the peculiarities of the social life that took place beyond Foria, have been a source of inspiration for several and also internationally renowned artists. The original identity of the ancient outer suburb, born from progressive expansions of the neighboring villages outside the city walls, is still marked. The closing elements that caracterize the architecture - in particular building fronts -, reflect its inhabitants attitudes and daily life. In this historic urban landscape 'shred’, this closure - despite the direct proximity to the adjacent old town and several, but not easily accessible, panoramic views of part of Naples Bay - continues to be one of the main identifying characters of the area. Although, for many centuries, this has allowed the 'spirit of places’ conservation, it has been transformed into a voluntary closure against the legality, which led to today serious state of neglect and social decay. Sometimes it is possible to find an excessive and illegal man-soil interaction, and unlawful activities influence and define some features of historical buildings in the area. However, for some years the local population has become aware of the existing problems by operating in a more concrete way, through different kinds of associations and volunteer that try to face the territory needs and emergencies. The goal is the elaboration of an update overview of the existing dynamics in this part of urban tissue and the identification of elements to take into account for possible enhancement perspectives in respect of an identity between invariant and processing factors. [less ▲]

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See detailLa grammaire du raisonnable. Ethnographie des pratiques interprétatives au Conseil d'Etat belge
Colemans, Julie ULiege

in Colemans, Julie; Dupret, Baudouin (Eds.) Ethnographies du raisonnement juridique (in press)

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See detailDons de livres à Louise de Savoie
Fagnart, Laure ULiege

in Heering, Caroline (Ed.) Le don mis en scène. Représentations visuelles et textuelles de l’acte de donation dans les arts de la première Modernité (in press)

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See detailSurvival and consciousness recovery are better in the minimally conscious state than in the vegetative state
Faugeras, Frédéric; Rohaut, Benjamin; Valente, Melanie et al

in Brain Injury (in press)

BACKGROUND The prognosis value of early clinical diagnosis of consciousness impairment is documented by an extremely limited number of studies, whereas it may convey important information to guide medical ... [more ▼]

BACKGROUND The prognosis value of early clinical diagnosis of consciousness impairment is documented by an extremely limited number of studies, whereas it may convey important information to guide medical decisions. OBJECTIVE We aimed at determining if patients diagnosed at an early stage (<90 days after brain injury) as being in the minimally conscious state (MCS) have a better prognosis than patients in the vegetative state/Unresponsive Wakefulness syndrome (VS/UWS), independent of care limitations or withdrawal decisions. METHODS Patients hospitalized in ICUs of the Pitié-Salpêtrière Hospital (Paris, France) from November 2008 to January 2011 were included and evaluated behaviourally with standardized assessment and with the Coma Recovery Scale-Revised as being either in the VS/UWS or in the MCS. They were then prospectively followed until 1July 2011 to evaluate their outcome with the GOSE. We compared survival function and outcomes of these two groups. RESULTS Both survival function and outcomes, including consciousness recovery, were significantly better in the MCS group. This difference of outcome still holds when considering only patients still alive at the end of the study. CONCLUSIONS Early accurate clinical diagnosis of VS/UWS or MCS conveys a strong prognostic value of survival and of consciousness recovery. [less ▲]

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See detailTyrannie du style et excès d'absurdités. La crack-fic comme art du "trop"
Lucca, Sian ULiege

in COnTEXTES (in press)

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See detailSerial order working memory and numerical ordinal processing share common processes and predict arithmetic abilities
Attout, Lucie ULiege; Majerus, Steve ULiege

in British Journal of Developmental Psychology (in press)

Recent studies have demonstrated that both ordinal number processing and serial order working memory (WM) abilities predict calculation achievement. This raises the question of shared ordinal processes ... [more ▼]

Recent studies have demonstrated that both ordinal number processing and serial order working memory (WM) abilities predict calculation achievement. This raises the question of shared ordinal processes operating in both numerical and WM domains. We explored this question by assessing the interrelations between numerical ordinal, serial order WM, and arithmetic abilities in 102 7- to 9-year-old children. We replicated previous studies showing that ordinal numerical judgement and serial order WM predict arithmetic abilities. Furthermore, we showed that ordinal numerical judgement abilities predict arithmetic abilities after controlling for serial order WM abilities while the relationship between serial order WM and arithmetic abilities was mediated by numerical ordinal judgement performance. We discuss these results in the light of recent theoretical frameworks considering that numerical ordinal codes support the coding of order information in verbal WM. [less ▲]

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See detailCrystal Structure and Kinetic Analysis of the Class B3 Di-Zinc Metallo-β-Lactamase LRA-12 from an Alaskan Soil Metagenome
Rodríguez, María Margarita; Herman, Raphaël ULiege; Ghiglione, Barbara et al

in PLoS ONE (in press)

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See detailIncreased antimicrobial resistance in a novel CMY-54 AmpC-type enzyme with a GluLeu217-218 insertion in the Ω-loop
Pérez-Llarena, Francisco José; Vázquez-Ucha, Juan Carlos; Kerff, Frédéric ULiege et al

in Microbial Drug Resistance : Mechanism, Epidemiology, & Disease (in press)

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See detailDispersal and alternative breeding site fidelity strategies in an amphibian
Denoël, Mathieu ULiege; Dalleur, séverine; Langrand, Estelle et al

in Ecography (in press)

Dispersal (i.e., movement from a natal or breeding site to another breeding site) is a central process in ecology and evolution as it affects the eco-evolutionary dynamics of spatially structured ... [more ▼]

Dispersal (i.e., movement from a natal or breeding site to another breeding site) is a central process in ecology and evolution as it affects the eco-evolutionary dynamics of spatially structured populations. Dispersal evolution is regulated by the balance between costs and benefits, which is influenced by the individual phenotype (i.e., phenotype-dependent dispersal) and environmental factors (i.e., condition-dependent dispersal). Even though these processes have been extensively studied in species with simple life cycles, our knowledge about these mechanisms in organisms displaying complex life cycles remains fragmentary. In fact, little is specifically known about how the interplay between individual and environmental factors may lead to alternative dispersal strategies that, in turn, lead to the coexistence of contrasted site fidelity phenotypes. In this paper, we examined breeding dispersal in a pond-breeding amphibian, the great crested newt (Triturus cristatus), within usual walking distances for a newt. We took advantage of recent developments in multi-event capture-recapture models and used capture-recapture data (946 newts marked) collected in a spatially structured population occupying a large pond network (73 ponds). We showed a high rate of breeding site infidelity (i.e., pond use) and the coexistence of two dispersal phenotypes, namely, a highly pond faithful phenotype and a dispersing phenotype. Individuals that were site faithful at time t-1 were therefore more likely to remain site faithful at time t. Our results also demonstrated that the probability that individuals belong to one or the other dispersal phenotypes depended on environmental and individual factors. In particular, we highlighted the existence of a dispersal syndrome implying a covariation pattern among dispersal behavior, body size, and survival. Our work opens new research prospects in the evolution of dispersal in organisms displaying complex life cycles and raises interesting questions about the evolutionary pathways that contribute to the diversification of movement strategies in the wild. [less ▲]

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See detailDiagram, the machine abstraite of contemporary architecture
Van Rooyen, Xavier ULiege

Conference (in press)

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See detailJean Englebert, le structuraliste mégastructurel liégeois
Van Rooyen, Xavier ULiege

in Archidoc 02 (in press)

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See detailA review on early gut maturation and colonization in pigs, including biological and dietary factors affecting gut homeostasis
Everaert, Nadia ULiege; Van Cruchten, Steven; Weström, Björn et al

in Animal Feed Science & Technology (in press)

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See detailRéécrire (avec) Kafka. Une paradoxale figure de l’exit, entre silence, mensonge et vérité
Lucca, Sian ULiege

E-print/Working paper (in press)

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See detailTo what extent is Immediate Constituency Analysis dependency-based? A survey of foundational texts
Mazziotta, Nicolas ULiege; Kahane, Sylvain

in Proceedings of Depling 2017 (in press)

This paper investigates the seminal texts on Immediate Constituent Analysis and the associated diagrams. We show that the relations between the whole and its parts, that are typical of current phrase ... [more ▼]

This paper investigates the seminal texts on Immediate Constituent Analysis and the associated diagrams. We show that the relations between the whole and its parts, that are typical of current phrase structure trees, were less prominent in the early diagramming efforts than the relationships between units of the same level. This can be observed until the beginning of the 1960’s, including in Chomsky’s Syntactic Structures (1957). We discuss whether such analyses could be said “dependency-based”, according to an attempt to define this term. this term. [less ▲]

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See detailTetrabutyl ammonium salts: cheap catalysts for the facile and selective synthesis of a-alkylidene cyclic carbonates from CO2 and alkynol
Méreau, Raphaël; Grignard, Bruno ULiege; Boyaval, Amélie ULiege et al

in ChemCatChem (in press)

n-tetrabutyl ammonium organic salts are used for the first time as catalysts for the coupling of CO2 with 2-methyl-3-butyn-2-ol to form α-methylene cyclic carbonate. The final yields could reach 98% in ... [more ▼]

n-tetrabutyl ammonium organic salts are used for the first time as catalysts for the coupling of CO2 with 2-methyl-3-butyn-2-ol to form α-methylene cyclic carbonate. The final yields could reach 98% in less than 10 hours at 353K and 3MPa under solvent free conditions. A particular synergistic effect between the cation and the anion of the organocatalyst is demonstrated through catalyst screening. Online kinetic studies by ATR-IR spectroscopy correlated to DFT calculations reveal a compelling evolution of the solvation of the catalyst during the reaction that provide an understanding of the underlying reason for the observed unique kinetics and selectivity. Such in-depth fundamental mechanistic and kinetic studies enable determining and comprehending the key parameters favouring the design of novel highly active and selective catalysts for the valorisation [less ▲]

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