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See detailStudy of the chemical composition of essential oils and floral waters of Cymbopogon citratus (DC.) Stapf (Poaceae) from Senegal
Diop, Serigne Mbacké; Guèye, Momar Talla; Ndiaye, Ibrahima et al

in International Journal of Biological and Chemical Sciences (in press)

This work aimed to study the chemical composition of essential oils and floral waters of Cymbopogon citratus (DC.) Stapf (Poaceae) from Senegal. The plants were collected in two different localities ... [more ▼]

This work aimed to study the chemical composition of essential oils and floral waters of Cymbopogon citratus (DC.) Stapf (Poaceae) from Senegal. The plants were collected in two different localities, Dakar and Kaolack. The extracts were obtained by steam distillation from both fresh and dried plants and analyses carried out by GC/FID and GC/MS. Oils from Dakar were dominated by geranial which represented 46.0-43.9%, neral 31.8-31.0%, myrcene 10.8-11.7% and geraniol 2.7-4.2% in the fresh and dried plants, respectively. Their floral waters contained mainly 44.6-41.4% geranial, 39.7-35.6% neral and 8.8-13.2% geraniol. The oils from Kaolack were characterized by geranial which constituted 49.5-44.5%, neral 33.3-31.2%, myrcene 7.2-9.6% and geraniol 4.3-6.1% in the fresh and dried plants, respectively. In their floral waters, it is identified 42.8-33.6% geranial, 38.4-27.6% neral and 12.5-24.5% geraniol. This original study revealed that both oils and floral waters of C. citratus from Senegal are characterized by geranial and neral whose repellent properties against mosquitoes are known. [less ▲]

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See detail« Du définitif sur du provisoire… » : Psychopathologie et tatouage
Englebert, Jérôme ULiege; Follet, Valérie

in Feneuil, Anthony; Krtolica, Igor (Eds.) L’expérience de l’éternité : Philosophie, clinique, mystique (in press)

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See detailThe Gravity of International Crimes as a Challenge to the (Full) Protection of Human Rights before International Criminal Tribunals? A Strasbourg Perspective
Deprez, Christophe ULiege

in Nordic Journal of International Law (in press)

While it goes undisputed that international criminal tribunals (ICTs) are, in general terms, bound to respect human rights standards, there is no consensus on whether their obligations should be identical ... [more ▼]

While it goes undisputed that international criminal tribunals (ICTs) are, in general terms, bound to respect human rights standards, there is no consensus on whether their obligations should be identical in scope to those of national criminal tribunals. Most commentators seem to value the idea of equality in protection for international and domestic defendants alike. Yet, according to others, the human rights obligations of ICTs should be contextualised, that is, adapted to the specificities of international justice – and most critically to the gravity of international crimes. This article seeks to shed some light on this debate. It does so, in particular, by pointing out the intrinsic flexibility of human rights, and by drawing on the practice of the European Court of Human Rights with respect to gravity-based contextualism. [less ▲]

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See detailRome Statute of the International Criminal Court
Deprez, Christophe ULiege

in d'Aspremont, Jean; Scobbie, Ian (Eds.) Oxford Database on International Organizations (in press)

This note discusses the background, content and overall impact on the 'common law' of international organizations of the Rome Statute of the International Criminal Court.

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See detailThe role of conservators: an international survey on conservation within contemporary art collections
D'Haenens, Manon ULiege

in CeROArt : Conservation, Exposition, Restauration d'Objets d'Art (in press)

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See detailLes bandes détournées de Jochen Gerner et Ilan Manouach
Crucifix, Benoît ULiege; Dozo, Björn-Olav ULiege

in Garric, Henri (Ed.) La destruction des images en bande dessinée (in press)

Occupant tout les deux une position liminale du champ de la bande dessinée, Jochen Gerner et Ilan Manouach se sont, chacun à leur manière, livrés à des expériences réflexives de destruction de l'image en ... [more ▼]

Occupant tout les deux une position liminale du champ de la bande dessinée, Jochen Gerner et Ilan Manouach se sont, chacun à leur manière, livrés à des expériences réflexives de destruction de l'image en bande dessinée par le détournement. Ainsi, avec ses projets tels que TNT en Amérique, Abstraction (1941-1968), ou Le Panorama du Feu, Jochen Gerner opère par la technique du recouvrement une relecture d'albums classiques et de petits formats populaires, attirant l'attention sur certains motifs graphiques, abstraits ou figuratifs des objets détournés. Plus en phase avec l'héritage situationniste du détournement, Ilan Manouach intervient sur les œuvres appropriées pour en questionner les principes idéologiques : Katz interroge la métaphore animale au cœur de Maus, tandis qu'avec Les Schtroumpfs noirs, il retourne au thème de la représentation en imprimant l'album de Peyo entièrement en cyan. Moins politisé dans Riki fermier, Manouach y fait disparaître les personnages d'un album de Petzi pour ne garder que celui du pélican Riki, suivant un projet d'écriture à contrainte décrit comme « lipogrammatique ». Pour Gerner comme Manouach, la pratique du détournement touche directement à la matérialité de l'objet de bande dessinée, au sens où il y a une intervention physique sur les bandes dessinées détournées – que ce soit par recouvrement, retouche ou réimpression – qui se double d'un maintien du format de l'objet détourné (48 CC, pocket, pamphlet ou roman graphique). Le lecteur se retrouve ainsi face à une dé-familiarisation d'un objet pourtant connu et reconnu dans sa matérialité. Cette expérience conscientise un acte réflexif de destruction : les images d'origine se voient recouvertes de noir, rayées, masquées, retouchées, effacées, défigurées. Tout en étant extrêmement opaque, ce rapport à la matérialité est cependant différent d'autres formes de « graphiation »1 qui attirent l'attention sur une gestuelle physique, sur les traces de la main. Au contraire, comme l'a noté Pedro Moura à propos du travail d'Ilan Manouach, il y a une volonté de se « plac[er] en dehors du domaine de l’expression auctoriale, et même humaine, afin de favoriser l’émergence d’une expression dépersonnalisée »2. Plus proches d'une écriture « non-créative » telle que l'a décrite Kenneth Goldsmith3, ces deux pratiques du détournement mettent en scène une destruction d'images, dont les livres en portent la trace, donnant lieu à une traçabilité différente d'une graphiation qui mettrait en avant la patte graphique du dessinateur. La mesure destructrice de cette acte de détournement se retrouve d'ailleurs en prises avec le dispositif juridique du copyright, comme l'atteste la réaction des ayant-droits à Katz, envoyé au pilon. Face à ces deux formes de destruction (destruction de l'œuvre détourné et, retour du bâton, pilonnage du détournement), MetaKatz s'offre une double portée réflexive qui couvre toute la portée du geste destructeur au cœur du détournement, un acte qui se veut en même temps être une forme d'engendrement, puisqu'il ouvre à de nouveaux dispositifs, à de nouvelles images, et à de nouvelles lectures. Notre chapitre mettra donc en parallèle les œuvres d'Ilan Manouach et de Jochen Gerner afin d'examiner comment la question de la destruction se trouve au cœur du détournement, et de façon plus spécifique, comment celle-ci relève d'un rapport complexe à la matérialité du médium dont nous étudierons les enjeux. [less ▲]

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See detailMathematical bias in assessment of placental residual blood volume
RIGO, Vincent ULiege; LEFEBVRE, Caroline ULiege; Kalenga, Masendu ULiege

in Journal of Perinatology (in press)

This letter suggest a new computation of the relative placental residual blood volume.

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See detailEffect of different parameters on composition of volatile components of Myristica fragrans seeds extracted by hydrodistillation assisted by microwave and head-space solid-phase microextraction
Bouchachia, C; Benkaci-Ali, F; Eppe, Gauthier ULiege et al

in Journal of Essential Oil Research (in press)

Hydrodistillation assisted by microwave (HDAM) and Head space solid phase micro-extraction (HSSPME) of Myristica fragrans houtt (MF) were investigated. A kinetic study was performed for MF seeds using two ... [more ▼]

Hydrodistillation assisted by microwave (HDAM) and Head space solid phase micro-extraction (HSSPME) of Myristica fragrans houtt (MF) were investigated. A kinetic study was performed for MF seeds using two techniques (HDAM: Hydrodistillation assisted by microwave and SDAM: steam distillation assisted by microwave). The effect of the cryogenic grinding (CG) showed differences in yields and composition of volatile oils compared to the simple grinding (SG). HDAM–SG (3.4%) and SDAM–SG (2.55%) allowed extraction of substantial amounts of volatile oils in less time compared with HDAM–CG (4.75%) and SDAM–CG (3.8%). The kinetic study (differential and accumulated yields) of essential oil extraction was quantitatively and qualitatively performed showing a significant variation of composition with the extraction time, especially for accumulated yields such as sabinene (31.48–38.78%), α-pinene (12.74–14.09%) and β-pinene (10.01–12.11%). Similarly, the HS-SPME–GC–MS analysis showed also a significant variation of MF seeds volatile composition according some parameters as the type of fibre coating (PDMS: Polydimethylsiloxane and PDMS– DVB: Polydimethylsiloxane divenylbenzene), particle size, grinding mode and the mass used. The chemical groups (monoterpenoids, aliphatic and aromatic alcohols and esters) showed specific behaviour in SPME analysis. SPME sampling parameters were optimized for these components. [less ▲]

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See detailPrediction-focused approaches: an opportunity for hydrology
Hermans, Thomas ULiege

in Groundwater (in press)

Our ability to predict the evolution of complex hydrological system is fundamental. For decades, such problems have been solved by calibrating a conceptual model of the subsurface to fit data ... [more ▼]

Our ability to predict the evolution of complex hydrological system is fundamental. For decades, such problems have been solved by calibrating a conceptual model of the subsurface to fit data. Unfortunately, model calibration does not allow a realistic uncertainty quantification, whereas stochastic inversion is often computationally prohibitive. In this contribution, prediction-focused approaches (PFAs) are introduced to overcome those main shortcomings. This new paradigm focused on generating predictions directly from the data instead of generating models. A group of prior models is used to generate the data and the prediction in order to derive a direct relationship between both types of variables. The advantages, limitations and research perspectives are discussed. [less ▲]

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See detailChemotherapy induces alternative transcription and splicing: Facts and hopes for cancer treatment
Lambert, Charles ULiege; Garbacki, Nancy ULiege; Colige, Alain ULiege

in International Journal of Biochemistry and Cell Biology (in press)

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See detailThe Lamps in Central Italy : Typological Comparisons between the Block D Domus at Musarna (VT) and the Schola del Traiano at Ostia Antica (RM)
Motta, Lucie ULiege

in Vth International Lychnological Association (ILA) General Congress « Lumen ! » Past, Present and Future (Sibiu, 8-12 septembre 2015) (in press)

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See detailSomes Exemples of a Singular Lamp
Motta, Lucie ULiege

in Vth International Lychnological Association (ILA) General Congress « Lumen ! » Past, Present and Future (Sibiu, 8-12 septembre 2015) (in press)

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See detailNotice de présentation du Service d’Histoire de l’art et Archéologie de l’Antiquité gréco-romaine de l’Université de Liège
Morard, Thomas ULiege

in Duchesne, Jean-Patrick (Ed.) Bicentenaire de l’ULg (in press)

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See detailSous l’autorité de Rome
Morard, Thomas ULiege

in Demoulin, Bruno (Ed.) Histoire de Liège. Une cité, une capitale, une métropole (in press)

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See detailDesigning an air-to-air heat exchanger dedicated to single room ventilation with heat recovery
Gendebien, Samuel ULiege; Martens, Jonathan; Prieels, Luc et al

in Building Simulation: An International Journal (in press)

The present paper focuses on the development steps of heat exchangers dedicated to single room ventilation unit with heat recovery (SRVHR) by proposing a numerical approach. A methodology is suggested in ... [more ▼]

The present paper focuses on the development steps of heat exchangers dedicated to single room ventilation unit with heat recovery (SRVHR) by proposing a numerical approach. A methodology is suggested in order to determine the best trade-off between hydraulic and thermal performance given a specific geometry. The methodology consists in a mapping of the coefficient of performance (COP) of the unit. The latter is defined as the ratio between recovered heat and the fan energy use, given a specific indoor/outdoor temperature difference. However, the energy performance should not be the only criterion to be taken into account in the frame of the design steps of a heat recovery exchanger: technical, economic and acoustic aspects should also be considered. This numerical methodology is illustrated by means of a real example of a newly developed heat exchanger dedicated to a SRVHR. The optimization is first performed while using a semi-empirical model (based on the use of correlations and on a spatial division of the studied heat exchanger). The semi-empirical model allows for the creation of a COP map in order to identify the most effective geometry parameters for the heat exchanger. The decision concerning the final geometry is made accounting for the so-called technical, economic and acoustic considerations. A discussion on some parameters needed for the COP establishment is also proposed. [less ▲]

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See detailA war of no common description. Proceedings of the international conference on the transnational reception of Waterloo in the 19th century.
Brems, Elke; Ceuppens, Jan; Mus, Francis ULiege et al

Book published by Interférences littéraires - peer reviewed journal (in press)

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See detailNow we're free. De lichtheid van Leonard Cohen in You want it darker (2016)
Mus, Francis ULiege

in Passage, tijdschrift voor Europese literatuur en cultuur (in press)

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