Last 7 days
Bookmark and Share    
Full Text
Peer Reviewed
See detailHyper-réflexivité et perspective en première personne : un apport décisif de la psychopathologie phénoménologique contemporaine à la compréhension de la schizophrénie
Englebert, Jérôme ULg; Stanghellini, Giovanni; Valentiny, Caroline et al

in Evolution Psychiatrique (in press)

Objectives: This paper aims to summarize the hypothesis, which originates in the field of phenomenological psychopathology, of schizophrenic hyperreflexivity, and to discuss the methodological context ... [more ▼]

Objectives: This paper aims to summarize the hypothesis, which originates in the field of phenomenological psychopathology, of schizophrenic hyperreflexivity, and to discuss the methodological context enabling these highly subjective manifestations to emerge. Starting from the seminal hypothesis developed by contemporary psychopathology, that the schizophrenic patients appear to experience a consciousness that finds itself being forced to question phenomena which should be intuitively self-evident, the idea of this present paper is to complete the usual interpretation of schizophrenia as deficit by the hypothesis of an excess functioning of consciousness. Methods: First-person perspective is a qualitative approach completing third-person interpretation, traditional in the field of psychiatry – which consists in the attribution, from an external position, of clinical signs noted independently of the perception expressed by the patient. This first-person perspective focuses on the subjective experience expressed by the individual. To understand schizophrenia according to this perspective, the words of several schizophrenic patients have been collected as part of a clinical device. We used the EASE scale (Examination of Anomalous Self-Experience) with this aim in mind. This scale offers a phenomenologically oriented semi-structured exploration of a set of difficulties revealing anomalies of subjective experience, considered as troubles of self-awareness. EASE has been developed on the basis of self-descriptions by patients suffering from schizophrenic spectrum troubles. This tool allows the co-construction of a language between patient and clinician, focused on the patient’s particular experience and the unique phenomena he endures. Results: Besides the hyperreflexivity phenomena, the qualitative analysis of collected descriptions highlight two important features of schizophrenic being-in-the-world. First a problem of common sense, which addresses the issue of intersubjectivity and the opportunity, for schizophrenic patients, to share a social world. Then the existence of an intercorporeality trouble, since the schizophrenic hyperreflexivity experiences are accompanied by a loss of “common body”, body being the scene where intersubjectivity is performed. Employing EASE, and the ensuing first-person perspective, is relevant in a psychotherapeutic approach; on one hand in the process of acknowledgement of the disease (which has to be made by the patient as well as by the clinician), on the other hand in the communication with families of schizophrenic patients. Conclusions: The phenomenological interpretation offered by the application of a first-person perspective in the understanding of schizophrenic patients experience, as well as the interest showed in the hyperreflexivity phenomenon, suggest an outlook of schizophrenia which isn’t reduced to a deficit interpretation anymore (without denying the latter), and which uncovers not a weakening, but a surprising intensification of consciousness. [less ▲]

Detailed reference viewed: 57 (3 ULg)
Peer Reviewed
See detailSomes Exemples of a Singular Lamp
Motta, Lucie ULg

in Vth International Lychnological Association (ILA) General Congress « Lumen ! » Past, Present and Future (Sibiu, 8-12 septembre 2015) (in press)

Detailed reference viewed: 14 (0 ULg)
Peer Reviewed
See detailNotice de présentation du Service d’Histoire de l’art et Archéologie de l’Antiquité gréco-romaine de l’Université de Liège
Morard, Thomas ULg

in Duchesne, Jean-Patrick (Ed.) Bicentenaire de l’ULg (in press)

Detailed reference viewed: 29 (0 ULg)
Full Text
Peer Reviewed
See detailLes Lumières de la ville : cinéma des premiers temps et espace urbain
Servais, Christine ULg

in Durand, Pascal; Servais, Christine (Eds.) L'intervention du support. Médiation esthétique et énonciation éditoriale (in press)

Cet article propose une analyse du cinéma des premiers temps comme dispositif de médiation. A partir de l'analyse du corpus des films Lumière portant explicitement sur la ville, et en distinguant les vues ... [more ▼]

Cet article propose une analyse du cinéma des premiers temps comme dispositif de médiation. A partir de l'analyse du corpus des films Lumière portant explicitement sur la ville, et en distinguant les vues "de" la ville des vues "sur" la ville, l'auteur conduit une analyse de la manière dont le cinéma des premiers temps a représenté la ville et de la relation à l'espace public que, ce faisant, il proposait à ses spectateurs. [less ▲]

Detailed reference viewed: 16 (0 ULg)
Peer Reviewed
See detailSous l’autorité de Rome
Morard, Thomas ULg

in Demoulin, Bruno (Ed.) Histoire de Liège. Une cité, une capitale, une métropole (in press)

Detailed reference viewed: 9 (0 ULg)
See detailA war of no common description. Proceedings of the international conference on the transnational reception of Waterloo in the 19th century.
Brems, Elke; Ceuppens, Jan; Mus, Francis ULg et al

Book published by Interférences littéraires - peer reviewed journal (in press)

Detailed reference viewed: 10 (0 ULg)
Full Text
Peer Reviewed
See detailRe-entrant Inclusions in Cellular Solids: From Defects to Reinforcements
Zorzetto, Laura ULg; Ruffoni, Davide ULg

in Composite Structures (in press)

A contrast in Poisson ratio is a possible strategy to enhance the stiffness of composite structures. In solid materials Poisson ratio is hardly tailorable unless cellular architectures are considered ... [more ▼]

A contrast in Poisson ratio is a possible strategy to enhance the stiffness of composite structures. In solid materials Poisson ratio is hardly tailorable unless cellular architectures are considered. Here, we first investigated the effect of a single re-entrant inclusion acting as a defect into a regular (non-re-entrant) honeycomb lattice. Building on this, we generated regular patterns of re-entrant inclusions into a regular hexagonal cellular matrix and we characterized the apparent stiffness and Poisson ratio of the obtained structures. We also explored the role of the intrinsic material properties of the inclusion as well as of its closest environment on the interplay between the deformations of different phases in the lattice. Our main finding is that a small fraction of re-entrant inclusions (around 12%) is sufficient to generate a substantial augmentation in stiffness (300%) at constant overall relative density and without inducing strong anisotropy. Eventually, we fabricated by 3D polyjet printing bi-material composite architectures to demonstrate the superior mechanical behavior obtained exploiting the Poisson effect. [less ▲]

Detailed reference viewed: 25 (6 ULg)
Full Text
See detailNow we're free. De lichtheid van Leonard Cohen in You want it darker (2016)
Mus, Francis ULg

in Passage, tijdschrift voor Europese literatuur en cultuur (in press)

Detailed reference viewed: 6 (0 ULg)
Full Text
Peer Reviewed
See detailLe trouble bipolaire de l’adolescent : Comment favoriser un diagnostic et une prise en charge précoce ?
Simon, Michaël ULg

in Acta Psychiatrica Belgica (in press)

In half the cases, bipolar disorder begins before adulthood. The usual long delay between its onset and the establishment of proper treatment has adverse effects on the developing brain. The prognosis of ... [more ▼]

In half the cases, bipolar disorder begins before adulthood. The usual long delay between its onset and the establishment of proper treatment has adverse effects on the developing brain. The prognosis of the disease could be improved by early diagnosis and treatment. From the case of a manic episode in a 16 year old teenager, we discuss the characteristics of manic prodromes, their diagnostic criteria and therapeutic means. We then criticize the concept of diagnosis in the stage of prodromal symptoms. We propose to dispense with the need for diagnosis and promote access to mental health care to any person with mental suffering. [less ▲]

Detailed reference viewed: 18 (2 ULg)
Full Text
Peer Reviewed
See detailReconstructing the times of past and future personal events
Ben Malek, Mohamed Hedi ULg; Berna, Fabrice; D'Argembeau, Arnaud ULg

in Memory (in press)

Humans have the remarkable ability to mentally travel through past and future times. However, while memory for the times of past events has been much investigated, little is known about how imagined ... [more ▼]

Humans have the remarkable ability to mentally travel through past and future times. However, while memory for the times of past events has been much investigated, little is known about how imagined future events are temporally located. Using a think-aloud protocol, we found that the temporal location of past and future events is rarely directly accessed, but instead mostly relies on reconstructive and inferential strategies. References to lifetime periods and factual knowledge (about the self, others, and the world) were most frequently used to determine the temporal location of both past and future events. Event details (e.g., places, persons, or weather conditions) were also used, but mainly for past events. Finally, the results showed that events whose temporal location was directly accessed were judged more important for personal goals. Together, these findings shed new light on the mechanisms involved in locating personal events in past and future times. [less ▲]

Detailed reference viewed: 40 (7 ULg)
Full Text
Peer Reviewed
See detailProbabilistic Reliability Management Approach and Criteria for Power System Short-term Operational Planning
Karangelos, Efthymios ULg; Wehenkel, Louis ULg

in Probabilistic Reliability Management Approach and Criteria for Power System Short-term Operational Planning (in press)

This paper develops a probabilistic decision making framework for reliability management in the short-term operational planning context. We build upon our recent work, which proposed a probabilistic ... [more ▼]

This paper develops a probabilistic decision making framework for reliability management in the short-term operational planning context. We build upon our recent work, which proposed a probabilistic reliability management approach and criterion (RMAC) for the latest decision making opportunity of real-time system operation. Here, we transpose the RMAC to the preceding problem instance of short-term operational planning, wherein i) risk is aggravated by the uncertainty on power injections and weather conditions, and, ii) the problem scope concerns choosing `strategic' actions (e.g., starting additional generating units, granting outage requests for maintenance, etc.) to facilitate decision making during the forthcoming real-time system operation. To anticipate on the latter, we formalize the notion of a real-time `proxy' as a simplified model of the real-time decision making context, adequately accurate for the purpose of operational planning decision making. Stating a first proposal for such a proxy, we mathematically formulate the RMAC for short-term operational planning as a multi-stage stochastic decision making problem and demonstrate its main features by case studies on a modified version of the single area IEEE RTS-96 system. [less ▲]

Detailed reference viewed: 13 (1 ULg)
Full Text
Peer Reviewed
See detailVisualiser la variation et le changement valenciel: structure des compléments datifs dans l’histoire du français
Mazziotta, Nicolas ULg

in Linguisticae Investigationes (in press)

Il est possible de modéliser la variation et le changement valenciel à l'aide des structures formelles que nous nommons _polygraphes_. Ces derniers étendent les arbres syntaxiques dépendanciels en ... [more ▼]

Il est possible de modéliser la variation et le changement valenciel à l'aide des structures formelles que nous nommons _polygraphes_. Ces derniers étendent les arbres syntaxiques dépendanciels en autorisant des relations à porter sur d'autres relations. En prenant l'exemple de l'expression prépositionnelle ou non du datif en ancien français et en français moderne (complément des verbes _donner_, _aider_, et _pardonner_), nous montrons comment les polygraphes peuvent être employés pour montrer géométriquement la différence entre une préposition obligatoire et une préposition facultative. Le potentiel de ces structures permet également de visualiser l'évolution et de comparer le comportement des lexèmes. [less ▲]

Detailed reference viewed: 9 (0 ULg)
Peer Reviewed
See detailApproaches to grammaticalization and lexicalization
Brems, Lieselotte ULg; Hoffmann, Sebastian

in Brinton, Laurel (Ed.) English historical linguistics: approaches and perspectives (in press)

Detailed reference viewed: 10 (2 ULg)
Full Text
See detailCurating Comics Canons: Daniel Clowes and Art Spiegelman’s Private Museums
Crucifix, Benoît ULg

in Munson, Kim (Ed.) From Panels to Frames: Comic Art in Museums (in press)

This chapter tackles cartoonist-curated exhibitions of comics, in which cartoonists select examples from comics archives to frame their own histories of comics. Le Musée privée d’Art Spiegelman is a ... [more ▼]

This chapter tackles cartoonist-curated exhibitions of comics, in which cartoonists select examples from comics archives to frame their own histories of comics. Le Musée privée d’Art Spiegelman is a large, unique exhibition that was organized at the Musée de la bande dessinée in Angoulême, in which Spiegelman proposed his ‘vision’ of comics history, while Eye of the Cartoonist: Daniel Clowes’s Selections from Comics History was organized at the Wexner Center for the Arts in Columbus (Ohio), drawing on the collections from the Billy Ireland Cartoon Library & Museum. The analysis of exhibition design and paratexts shows how ‘their’ histories is remediated in the context of the museum, which helps framing a particular discourse on the past of comics relative to the institutional context of each exhibit. [less ▲]

Detailed reference viewed: 21 (3 ULg)
Full Text
See detailFamiliennamen zwischen Maas und Rhein
Möller, Robert ULg

in Rheinische Vierteljahrsblätter (in press)

Detailed reference viewed: 21 (0 ULg)
Peer Reviewed
See detailDeutsch in Ostbelgien – ostbelgisches Deutsch ?
Möller, Robert ULg

in Davies, Wini; Häcki-Buhofer, Annelies; Schmidlin, Regula (Eds.) et al Plurizentrik des Deutschen zwischen Norm und Praxis (in press)

Detailed reference viewed: 25 (0 ULg)