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See detailLe ralentissement de la traduction et ses conséquences
Mus, Francis ULg

Conference (2009, May 20)

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See detailJudging the truth of dynamic disjunctions
Dumitru, Magdalena ULg

Poster (2009, April 18)

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See detailPolitique, héroïsme et littérature chez Paul Colin et dans "L'Art libre"
Mus, Francis ULg

in Post Scriptum (2009, March 06)

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See detailDynamic, deontic and evaluative adjectives and their clausal complement patterns: A synchronic-diachronic account
Van linden, An ULg

Doctoral thesis (2009)

This thesis studies the clausal complementation patterns of adjectives that express non-epistemic modal meanings, from a synchronic and a diachronic perspective. I have chosen to focus on adjectives ... [more ▼]

This thesis studies the clausal complementation patterns of adjectives that express non-epistemic modal meanings, from a synchronic and a diachronic perspective. I have chosen to focus on adjectives, because the existing literature on complementation and modality has devoted far more attention to the category of verbs than to that of adjectives. Examples of the constructions studied are given in (1) to (4). (1) There had followed a nightmare procession along the sewer for what felt like and doubtless was several miles. For the first part of their journey it was necessary to move doubled up, in a position of almost unbearable discomfort. After what seemed at least an hour but was probably ten minutes they reached mercifully, a larger, higher sewer tunnel and could move upright. (CB, ukbooks) (2) Herbert Daniels, the group's founder, believes that it is essential to overcome the social stigma of Aids, which often means that people with the virus lose their homes, jobs and families, and are effectively condemned to death by society. (CB, bbc) (3) The years immediately after the Second World War were particularly scarred by the loss of many fine men who had survived the great hazards of conflict only to lose their lives at the very cutting edge of aeronautical research and development. I believe it would be wholly appropriate to record all their names and achievements together for posterity at some honoured place. (CB, ukmags) (4) It may be known as the Royal Opera House but this was ballet's night. On February 20, 1946, it was the ballet that reopened Covent Garden after the war with a performance of The Sleeping Beauty. So it was right and proper that on Tuesday, 50 years to the day later, the historic reawakening of one of the world's great houses should be marked by the ballet again, and with Sleeping Beauty. (CB, times) In particular, I argue that the adjectival constructions with extraposed that- and to-clauses express three types of meaning: (i) situational dynamic necessity (cf. Nuyts 2006: 4), as in (1), (ii) deontic modality in the sense of Nuyts et al. (To appear), involving potential states of affairs, as in (2) and (3), (iii) non-modal evaluative meaning, a new type introduced in this study, involving attitudinal assessments of propositional contents, as in (4). I also show that the distribution of the adjectives across these three conceptual types is lexico-semantically conditioned. In fact, I assume a basic distinction between two semantically coherent classes of adjectives, viz. weak and strong ones, which can be made on intuitive grounds in the sense that necessary and essential in (1) and (2), for example, express a stronger degree of necessity or desirability than appropriate and proper in (3) and (4) (cf. Övergaard 1995: 85; Huddleston and Pullum 2002: 997). I can show that strong adjectives occur in (i) and (ii), as illustrated in (1) and (2), whereas weak adjectives occur in (ii) and (iii), as shown in (3) and (4). These conceptual and lexical distinctions have been integrated into a conceptual map, which forms the backbone of the thesis. Within each of the three conceptual categories in the map, analysis of Present-day English corpus data suggests a number of subtypes, some of which correlate with clear constructional patterns, and qualify as partially filled constructions in the sense of Goldberg (1995). Besides a description of the synchronic data, this study also comprises a substantial diachronic component, drawing on data from various historical corpora. More precisely, it investigates the diachronic relations between the three conceptual categories in the map. Case studies of non-Germanic strong adjectives such as essential and crucial show that these first developed dynamic meaning from their original non-modal meaning, and later on deontic meaning through subjectification of the dynamic meaning (cf. Traugott 1989). A case study of non-Germanic weak adjectives shows that they first occurred in deontic expressions and later developed non-modal evaluative meaning through bridging contexts. In addition to the diachronic relations between the three categories, this study also focuses on the types of complementation patterns the deontic-evaluative adjectives occur in, across the various historical stages. It traces the development of the that-clauses and to-infinitive constructions, and it also concentrates on the distribution of these two types in the extraposition construction and its forerunner, the subjectless construction. It is shown that the adjectival constructions witness a rise of the to-infinitive at the expense of the subjunctive that-clause in the Middle English period, as has also been observed for verbal matrices by Los (1999, 2005). This change in distribution is explained in the thesis by analogy with the verbal constructions. Unlike with these last types, the to-infinitive with adjectival matrices stabilizes at roughly a 3:1 ratio to the that-clause from Early Modern English onwards. For these later periods, finally, I propose that the clausal variation may be motivated by lexical determination and discourse factors such as information structure. References: Goldberg, Adele. 1995. Constructions: A construction grammar approach to argument structure (Cognitive theory of language and culture). Chicago: University of Chicago Press. Huddleston, Rodney and Geoffrey Pullum. 2002. The Cambridge Grammar of the English Language. Cambridge: Cambridge University Press. Los, Bettelou. 1999. Infinitival complementation in Old and Middle English (LOT Dissertation Series 31). The Hague: Thesus. Los, Bettelou. 2005. The rise of the to-infinitive. Oxford: Oxford University Press. Nuyts, Jan. 2006. Modality: Overview and linguistic issues. In William Frawley (ed.), The expression of modality. Berlin: Mouton. 1–26. Nuyts, Jan, Pieter Byloo, and Janneke Diepeveen. To appear. On deontic modality, directivity, and mood: The case of Dutch mogen and moeten. Övergaard, Gerd. 1995. The mandative subjunctive in American and British English in the 20th century (Acta Universitatis Upsaliensis. Studia anglistica Upsaliensia 94). Stockholm: Almqvist and Wiksell. Traugott, Elizabeth Closs. 1989. On the rise of epistemic meanings in English: An example of subjectification in semantic change. Language 65 (1): 31–55. [less ▲]

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See detailProduction of Z+1 and A+1 Isotopes in Proton Induced Reactions on AZ Nuclei
Cugnon, Joseph ULg; Aoust, Thierry

in Nuclear Physics A (2009), 828

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See detailPertussis in adulthood.
POIRRIER, Anne-Lise ULg; TROMME, Noelle ULg; LEFEBVRE, Philippe ULg et al

in B-ENT (2009)

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See detailDiscours internationaliste et conscience identitaire des échanges culturels: l'exemple belgo-allemand (Der Sturm, Résurrection)
Mus, Francis ULg; Roland, Hubert; Van Mol, Dennis

in Bru, Sascha (Ed.) Europa! Europa? The avant-garde, modernism and the fate of a continent (2009)

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See detailThe image of English literature in Belgian avant-garde periodicals
Mus, Francis ULg

in Toremans, Tom; Verschueren, Walter (Eds.) Cultural crossings, exploring the nineteenth-century distribution of English literatures in the Low Countries (2009)

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See detailRole of ephrin-A5 in the survival and connectivity of spiral ganglion neurons.
Defourny, Jean ULg; POIRRIER, Anne-Lise ULg; Hadjab, Saida et al

Poster (2009)

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See detailL'héroïsme comme tactique discursive dans le discours critique de l'immédiat après-guerre en Belgique
Mus, Francis ULg

in Post-Scriptum. Revue de recherche interdisciplinaire en textes et médias (2009)

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See detailNederlandse literatuur in het buitenland. Methode: onbekend
Mus, Francis ULg

in Target : International Journal of Translation Studies (2009)

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See detailThe clausal complementation of deontic-evaluative adjectives in extraposition constructions: a synchronic-diachronic approach
Van linden, An ULg; Davidse, Kristin

in Folia Linguistica (2009), 43(1), 171-211

This article develops a functional synchronic-diachronic description of the clausal complementation of deontic-evaluative adjectives in extraposition constructions (ECs). It does so on the basis of ... [more ▼]

This article develops a functional synchronic-diachronic description of the clausal complementation of deontic-evaluative adjectives in extraposition constructions (ECs). It does so on the basis of qualitative and quantitative corpus-based analyses of the importance adjectives important, essential, crucial and the appropriateness adjectives appropriate, proper, and fitting. All six adjectives can currently take either mandative complements expressing desired action (coded by to-infinitives or that-clauses) or propositional complements describing arguable claims (typically coded by that-clauses). In reference grammars these have tended to receive incomplete coverage without elucidation of the constructional polysemies involved. We argue that a better understanding of the present system can be arrived at by investigating the diachronic developments by which it was fashioned. The ECs with these adjectives started off as mandative constructions and this continues to be their current unmarked use. They also developed patterns with propositional complements, but in this area the importance and appropriateness adjectives followed different diachronic paths, leading to distinct pragmatico-semantic readings of the pattern with single proposition in Present-day English. [less ▲]

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See detailQuand la justice restaurative rencontre le Good Lives Model de réhabilitation des délinquants sexuels: fondements, articulations et applications
Coco, Geneviève; Corneille, Serge ULg

in Psychiatrie et Violence (2009), 9(1),

Cet article s'attache à décrypter les articulations entre le Good Lives Model de réhabilitation et les fondements d'un modèle de justice restaurative.

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See detailUtopisme in de Belgische literatuur na WO1 : een casestudy
Mus, Francis ULg

Conference (2008, November 27)

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See detailFrom Schroedinger's cat to natural language disjunction.
Dumitru, Magdalena ULg

Scientific conference (2008, October 23)

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See detailPriming patterns for logical connectives.
Dumitru, Magdalena ULg

Scientific conference (2008, September 09)

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