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See detailSelf-Administration of Medicines and Dietary Supplements Among Female Amateur Runners: A Cross-Sectional Analysis.
Locquet, Médéa ULg; Beaudart, Charlotte ULg; Larbuisson, Robert ULg et al

in Advances in Therapy (2017), 33(12), 2257-2268

INTRODUCTION: Self-administration of medicines or dietary supplements without any physician's advice is a widespread behavior and appears to be more frequently practiced by women. Moreover, reasons to ... [more ▼]

INTRODUCTION: Self-administration of medicines or dietary supplements without any physician's advice is a widespread behavior and appears to be more frequently practiced by women. Moreover, reasons to self-administer products are often pains and injuries especially among athletes who might also use remedies to improve physical performance. The objective of this study was thus to assess the prevalence of self-administration of medicines and dietary supplements as well as its determinants among female amateur runners. METHODS: Our sample was comprised of women who took part in amateur running events. Data regarding self-administration of substances, exclusively aiming at being physically prepared for the running event (i.e., intake the week before), were collected through an anonymous self-administered questionnaire including four specific themes (i.e., general information, self-administered medicines and dietary supplements, context of self-administration of substances and knowledge of the anti-doping regulations). RESULTS: A total of 136 women, with a median age of 39 years (interquartile range: 27-47), volunteered. Among them, 34.6% reported self-administration of medicines during the period immediately preceding the running event, with the aim to be physically prepared. More than one third (33.8%) also declared self-administration of dietary supplements. Furthermore, we observed that about 8.1% of the sample had consumed a potentially doping substance. After adjustments for confounding variables, the probability of self-administration of products (medicines or supplements) increased significantly with the intensity of the activity and the membership in a sports club. CONCLUSIONS: Our study showed that self-administration of products among female runners seems to be a widespread behavior, where the intensity of the sports practice and the network of runners seem to influence the decision to resort to this behavior. [less ▲]

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See detailHealth Outcomes of Sarcopenia: A Systematic Review and Meta-Analysis.
Beaudart, Charlotte ULg; Zaaria, Myriam; Pasleau, Françoise ULg et al

in PLoS ONE (2017), 12(1), 0169548

OBJECTIVE: The purpose of this study was to perform a systematic review to assess the short-, middle- and long-term consequences of sarcopenia. METHODS: Prospective studies assessing the consequences of ... [more ▼]

OBJECTIVE: The purpose of this study was to perform a systematic review to assess the short-, middle- and long-term consequences of sarcopenia. METHODS: Prospective studies assessing the consequences of sarcopenia were searched across different electronic databases (MEDLINE, EMBASE, EBM Reviews, Cochrane Database of Systematic Reviews, EBM Reviews ACP Journal Club, EBM Reviews DARE and AMED). Only studies that used the definition of the European Working Group on Sarcopenia in Older People to diagnose sarcopenia were included. Study selection and data extraction were performed by two independent reviewers. For outcomes reported by three or more studies, a meta-analysis was performed. The study results are expressed as odds ratios (OR) with 95% CI. RESULTS: Of the 772 references identified through the database search, 17 were included in this systematic review. The number of participants in the included studies ranged from 99 to 6658, and the duration of follow-up varied from 3 months to 9.8 years. Eleven out of 12 studies assessed the impact of sarcopenia on mortality. The results showed a higher rate of mortality among sarcopenic subjects (pooled OR of 3.596 (95% CI 2.96-4.37)). The effect was higher in people aged 79 years or older compared with younger subjects (p = 0.02). Sarcopenia is also associated with functional decline (pooled OR of 6 studies 3.03 (95% CI 1.80-5.12)), a higher rate of falls (2/2 studies found a significant association) and a higher incidence of hospitalizations (1/1 study). The impact of sarcopenia on the incidence of fractures and the length of hospital stay was less clear (only 1/2 studies showed an association for both outcomes). CONCLUSION: Sarcopenia is associated with several harmful outcomes, making this geriatric syndrome a real public health burden. [less ▲]

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See detailParecidos estilísticos entre Nellie Campobello y Juan Rulfo
Vanden Berghe, Kristine ULg

in Palou, Pedro Angel; Ramírez Santacruz, Francisco (Eds.) El llano en llamas, Pedro Páramo y otras obras (en el centenario de su autor) (2017)

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See detailInfusion of mesenchymal stromal cells after deceased liver transplantation: A phase I-II, open-label, clinical study.
DETRY, Olivier ULg; VANDERMEULEN, Morgan ULg; DELBOUILLE, Marie-Hélène ULg et al

in Journal of Hepatology (2017)

BACKGROUND & AIM: Mesenchymal stromal cell (MSC) infusion could be a mean to establish tolerance in solid organ recipients. The aim of this prospective, controlled, phase-1 study was to evaluate the ... [more ▼]

BACKGROUND & AIM: Mesenchymal stromal cell (MSC) infusion could be a mean to establish tolerance in solid organ recipients. The aim of this prospective, controlled, phase-1 study was to evaluate the feasibility, safety and tolerability of a single infusion of MSCs in liver transplant recipients. METHODS: Ten liver transplant recipients under standard immunosuppression received 1.5-3x106/kg third-party unrelated MSCs on post-operative day 3+/-2, and were prospectively compared to a control group of 10 liver transplant recipients. As primary end-points, MSC infusional toxicity was evaluated, and infectious and cancerous complications were prospectively recorded until month 12 in both groups. As secondary end-points, rejection rate, month-6 graft biopsies, and peripheral blood lymphocyte phenotyping were compared. Progressive immunosuppression weaning was attempted from month 6 to 12 in MSC recipients. RESULTS: No variation in vital parameters or cytokine release syndrome could be detected during and after MSC infusion. No patient developed impairment of organ functions (including liver graft function) following MSC infusion. No increased rate of opportunistic infection or de novo cancer was detected. As secondary end-points, there was no difference in overall rates of rejection or graft survival. Month-6 biopsies did not demonstrate a difference between groups in the evaluation of rejection according to the Banff criteria, in the fibrosis score or in immunohistochemistry (including Tregs). No difference in peripheral blood lymphocyte typing could be detected. The immunosuppression weaning in MSC recipients was not successful. CONCLUSIONS: No side effect of MSC infusion at day 3 after liver transplant could be detected, but this infusion did not promote tolerance. This study opens the way for further MSC or Treg-based trials in liver transplant recipients. LAY SUMMARY: Therapy with mesenchymal stromal cells (MSCs) has been proposed as a mean to improve results of solid organ transplantation. One of the potential MSC role could be to induce tolerance after liver transplantation, i.e. allowing the cessation of several medications with severe side effects. This study is the first-in-man use of MSC therapy in 10 liver transplant recipients. This study did not show toxicity after a single MSC infusion but it was not sufficient to allow withdrawal of immunosuppression. [less ▲]

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See detailProjets de Récupération de chaleur fatale suivis par l’ULg
Lemort, Vincent ULg; Le, Van Long; Gendebien, Samuel ULg et al

Conference (2017)

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See detailStudy of virus-like particles of human papillomavirus in capillary electrophoresis
Bettonville, Virginie ULg; Nicol, Jérôme; Furst, Tania et al

Poster (2017)

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See detailSources and fate of antimicrobials in integrated fish-pig and non-integrated tilapia farms
Li, Kang; Liu, Liping; Zhan et al

in Science of the Total Environment (2017), 595

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See detailVulnerability evaluation of millet and sorghum cropping system to climate change and adoption of new technologies in Mali
Sissoko, Penda ULg; Aune, Jens B.; Senneväg, Gry et al

in Asian Journal of Science and Technology (2017), 8(1), 4176-4182

This study analyzes the vulnerability of agricultural cropping systems based on millet and sorghum and the adoption of new technologies in Sahelian and Sudano - Sahelian areas in Mali (West Africa). Semi ... [more ▼]

This study analyzes the vulnerability of agricultural cropping systems based on millet and sorghum and the adoption of new technologies in Sahelian and Sudano - Sahelian areas in Mali (West Africa). Semi-structured interviews (ISS) using questionnaires addressed to the chiefs of family farm (FAE) were used for the collection of data. The descriptive statistics and matrices were realized for the data analysis using the following softwares: EXCEL and SPSS20.The results of the surveys conducted in 2014 among 360 farms in Sahelian and Sudano-Sahelian areas, shows that agricultural producers are aware of the main factors affecting the productivity of their cropping system and food security of agricultural holdings. Rainfall variability, characterized by failure and irregularity of rains is the main constraint of cropping systems based on millet and sorghum as stated by 97% of surveyed producers, followed by soil poverty 81%, and the lack of agricultural equipment 47%. The impacts of these factors at the farms level are translated by a decrease in the crops yields and on the frequency of the shortages in foodstuffs which are observed by 98% of the farms every year and more than 50% every 3 years. To reduce vulnerabilities, practices and innovations were adopted by farms as strategies. The main concern fertilizer micro dosing technics, seed soaking, improved varieties, organic and mineral fertilization, soils and water management technics, mechanical sowing, and agro forestry were adopted as strategies. [less ▲]

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See detailRemoval of northern red oak acorns by animals - supporting video
Merceron, Nastasia ULg; Monty, Arnaud ULg

Learning material (2017)

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See detailL'intervention de l'assureur dans le procès pénal : la défense de ton assuré tu assumeras ?
Michiels, Olivier ULg

in Revue de la Faculté de Droit de l'Université de Liège (2017), 2017/1

L'article aborde l'intervention de la compagnie d'assurance dans le procès pénal. Il envisage le contenu de l'article 153 § 5 de la loi du 4 avril 2014 relative aux assurances, les possibilités de défense ... [more ▼]

L'article aborde l'intervention de la compagnie d'assurance dans le procès pénal. Il envisage le contenu de l'article 153 § 5 de la loi du 4 avril 2014 relative aux assurances, les possibilités de défense de l'assureur du prévenu face à la personne lésée et les incidences des moyens et prétentions de l'assureur sur la défense pénale de son assuré prévenu. [less ▲]

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See detailGestion des données et de la connaissance au sein du renseignement
Leroy, Patrick ULg

Learning material (2017)

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See detailProcessus cognitifs et neurobiologiques sous-jacents aux déficits de mémoire épisodique dans la maladie d’Alzheimer
Collette, Fabienne ULg

Conference (2017)

Les troubles de la mémoire épisodique représentent une des caractéristiques majeures et précoces de la maladie d’Alzheimer. Ces difficultés sont classiquement attribuées à des déficits au niveau de ... [more ▼]

Les troubles de la mémoire épisodique représentent une des caractéristiques majeures et précoces de la maladie d’Alzheimer. Ces difficultés sont classiquement attribuées à des déficits au niveau de l’encodage et de la consolidation de l’information, processus dépendant notamment des régions temporales internes (et plus particulièrement de l’hippocampe) qui sont atteintes très tôt dans le décours de la maladie. Un certain nombre de données récentes ont toutefois amené à raffiner cette conceptualisation initiale. Il est en effet progressivement apparu que des processus très spécifiques sous-tendent la performance aux tâches de mémoire épisodique utilisées en clinique pour le diagnostic de la maladie, tels que la capacité à créer des liens associatifs entre les items ou à créer des représentations mnésiques très distinctives, ou encore la capacité à faire appel à des processus auto-référentiels. L’efficacité de ces processus semble par ailleurs affectée de façon relativement sélective par différents processus neuropathologiques tels que l’atrophie de certaines régions hippocampiques, la diminution de l’épaisseur corticale, la déconnexion entre réseaux cérébraux, la charge amyloide, ou même la présence de facteurs plus subjectifs tels qu’une plainte mnésique. Les troubles de mémoire épisodique associés à la maladie d’Alzheimer semblent donc clairement multidéterminés. En lien avec ces données cognitives et neurobiologiques, nous discuterons également brièvement l’intérêt des classifications actuelles des troubles cognitifs associés au vieillissement pour comprendre le fonctionnement mnésique et ses bases cérébrales. [less ▲]

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See detailDe qui parle-t-on ? Les contours de la figure ouvrière dans les enquêtes ouvrières en Belgique (c. 1840-1960)
Geerkens, Eric ULg

in Goin, Emilie; Provenzano, François (Eds.) Usages du peuple. Savoirs, discours, politiques (2017)

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See detailEffect of moderate increasing exercice on the mechanical balance of the knee joint in young rats
Rahnamay Moshtagh, Parisa; Korthagen, N; Plomp, S et al

in Osteoarthritis and Cartilage (2017), 25

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See detailQue faire du peuple ? Note introductive
Goin, Emilie ULg; Provenzano, François ULg

in Usages du peuple. Savoirs, discours, politiques (2017)

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See detailUsages du peuple. Savoirs, discours, politiques
Goin, Emilie ULg; Provenzano, François ULg

Book published by PULg (2017)

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See detailDecision algorithms for the re-treatment with viscosupplementation in patients suffering from knee osteoarthritis
Henrotin, Yves ULg; Richette, Pascal; Raman, R et al

in Osteoarthritis and Cartilage (2017), 25

Detailed reference viewed: 10 (1 ULg)