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See detailAn own-name effect on person memory in twins
Brédart, Serge ULiege

in Names : A Journal of Onomastics (in press)

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See detailFlow field in shallow reservoir with varying inlet and outlet position
Ferrara, Velia; Erpicum, Sébastien ULiege; Archambeau, Pierre ULiege et al

in Journal of Hydraulic Research (in press)

Shallow reservoirs are used for multiple purposes, such as storm water retention and trapping of sediments. Reliable predictions of the flow fields are necessary to inform the design and operation of ... [more ▼]

Shallow reservoirs are used for multiple purposes, such as storm water retention and trapping of sediments. Reliable predictions of the flow fields are necessary to inform the design and operation of these structures. Using numerical simulations, we performed a systematic analysis of the influence of the location of the inlet and outlet on the flow fields developing in rectangular shallow reservoirs of various sizes. Depending on the relative location of the inlet and outlet with respect to the reservoir centreline, contrasting flow patterns are obtained, involving either no flow reattachment, or a jet reattached on either of the reservoir sidewalls. The results reveal also the occurrence of bi-stable flow configurations, i.e. different steady state flow fields are reached depending on the flow history. This is of high relevance for the design of shallow reservoirs as such configurations should certainly be avoided to achieve a robust hydraulic sizing of the reservoir. [less ▲]

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See detailThe use of platelet-rich plasma (PRP) to treat chronic tendinopathies: a technical analysis
Kaux, Jean-François ULiege; Emonds-Alt, Thibault ULiege

in Platelets (in press)

Platelet-rich plasma (PRP) is blood plasma with a high concentration of autologous platelets which constitute an immense reservoir of growth factors. The clinical use of PRP is widespread in various ... [more ▼]

Platelet-rich plasma (PRP) is blood plasma with a high concentration of autologous platelets which constitute an immense reservoir of growth factors. The clinical use of PRP is widespread in various medical applications. Although highly popular with athletes, the use of PRP for the treatment of tendinopathies remains scientifically controversial, particularly due to the diversity of products that go by the name of “PRP.” To optimize its use, it is important to look at the various stages of obtaining PRP. In this literature review, we take a closer look at eight parameters which may influence the quality of PRP: 1) anticoagulants used to preserve the best platelet function, 2) the speed of centrifugation used to extract the platelets, 3) the platelet concentrations obtained, 4) the impact of the concentration of red and while blood cells on PRP actions, 5) platelet activators encouraging platelet degranulation and, hence, the release of growth factors, and 6) the use or nonuse of local anesthetics when carrying out infiltration. In addition to these parameters, it may be interesting to analyze other variables such as 7) the use of ultrasound guidance during the injection with a view to determining the influence they have on potential recovery. [less ▲]

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See detailLes limites de la Psychopathy Checklist-Revised (PCL-R) dans une population médico-légale souffrant de schizophrénie
De Page, Louis; Matteucci, Marie; Englebert, Jérôme ULiege

in Annales Médico-Psychologiques (in press)

Aim: The Psychopathy Checklist-Revised (PCL-R) is the most studied and validated instrument to measure psychopathy. We aimed to explore its items content invariance to forensic schizophrenic subjects ... [more ▼]

Aim: The Psychopathy Checklist-Revised (PCL-R) is the most studied and validated instrument to measure psychopathy. We aimed to explore its items content invariance to forensic schizophrenic subjects. Method: We examined the PCL-R protocol of 15 male forensic schizophrenic subjects and attributed a score of sensitivity to psychotic symptomatology to each item score. Results: Results suggest that the applicability of the PCL-R items to a forensic schizophrenic sample is not to be blindly warranted. Some items more systematically positively influenced by psychotic symptoms (e.g. Shallow Affect, Lack of Remorse or Guilt), while others were negatively influenced (e.g. Promiscuous Sexual Behavior, Glib and Superficial Charm), or not influenced at all (e.g. Criminal Versatility). Conclusions: The current study suggest that the applicability of the PCL-R items to a forensic schizophrenic sample is not to be blindly warranted. We discuss both psychometric and conceptual implications for the measurement of psychopathy when a diagnosis of schizophrenia has been established. [less ▲]

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See detailBrentano's Mind: Unity Without Simplicity
Dewalque, Arnaud ULiege

in Rivista di Filosofia (in press)

This paper offers a reconstruction of Franz Brentano’s mereological solution to the problem of the unity of consciousness and explores some implications of this solution for the ontology of the mind. In ... [more ▼]

This paper offers a reconstruction of Franz Brentano’s mereological solution to the problem of the unity of consciousness and explores some implications of this solution for the ontology of the mind. In section 1 I sketch Brentano’s ontological distinctions between things, collectives, and divisives. In section 2 I present Brentano’s mereological solution and in section 3 I review his main pro-arguments. Eventually, in section 4 I consider some Jamesian objections to the mereological approach. I argue the notion of ‘mental parts’ can be given a rather innocuous meaning by being conceived of as the expression of conceptual distinctions grounded in similarity and contrast relations between total mental phenomena. [less ▲]

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See detailEtre avec par corps. L'expérience du commun sur un plateau de théâtre
Servais, Véronique ULiege; Brahy, Rachel ULiege

in Recherches en Communication (in press)

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See detailHemicelluloses and Lignin in Biorefineries
wertz, Jean-Luc; Deleu, Magali ULiege; Coppée, Séverine et al

Book published by CRC Press (in press)

Hemicelluloses and Lignin in Biorefineries provides an understanding of lignocellulosic biomass, which is mainly composed of cellulose, hemicelluloses, and lignin. It promotes the valorization of these ... [more ▼]

Hemicelluloses and Lignin in Biorefineries provides an understanding of lignocellulosic biomass, which is mainly composed of cellulose, hemicelluloses, and lignin. It promotes the valorization of these molecules in the context of the bioeconomy and presents hemicelluloses and lignin, which are generated in lignocellulosic biorefineries, as the molecules of the future. The viability of these molecules lies in their renewability and potential. This book covers all aspects of hemicelluloses and lignin including structure, biosynthesis, extraction, biodegradation, and conversion. The book also looks ahead to the socioeconomic and environmental value of biobased industry and emphasizes an understanding of the potential of lignocellulosic biomass. [less ▲]

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See detailBeliefs in the population about cracking sounds produced during spinal manipulation
Demoulin, Christophe ULiege; Baeri, Damien; TOUSSAINT, Geoffrey ULiege et al

in Joint Bone Spine (in press)

Objectives: To examine beliefs about cracking sounds heard during highvelocity lowamplitude (HVLA) thrust spinal manipulation in individuals with and without personal experience of this technique. Methods ... [more ▼]

Objectives: To examine beliefs about cracking sounds heard during highvelocity lowamplitude (HVLA) thrust spinal manipulation in individuals with and without personal experience of this technique. Methods: We included 100 individuals. Among them, 60 had no history of spinal manipulation, including 40whowereasymptomatic with or without a past history of spinal pain and 20whohad nonspecific spinal pain. The remaining 40 patients had a history of spinal manipulation;amongthem, 20 were asymptomatic and 20 had spinal pain. Participants attended a oneonone interview during which they completed a questionnaire about their history of spinal manipulation and their beliefs regarding sounds heard during spinal manipulation. Results: Mean age was 43.5±15.4 years. The sounds were ascribed to vertebral repositioning by 49% of participants and to friction between two vertebras by 23% of participants; only 9% of participants correctly ascribed the sound to the release of gas. The sound was mistakenly considered to indicate successful spinal manipulation by 40% of participants. No differences in beliefs were found between the groups with and without a history of spinal manipulation. Conclusions: Certain beliefs have documented adverse effects. This study showed a high prevalence of unfounded beliefs regarding spinal manipulation. These beliefs deserve greater attention from healthcare providers, particularly those who practice spinal manipulation. [less ▲]

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See detailTaxation and Pensions – An Overview of Interplay
Jousten, Alain ULiege; Feher, Csaba

in Holzmann, Robert; Piggott, John (Eds.) The Taxation of Pensions (in press)

The paper describes the factors influencing the interplay of pension and tax policies from a fiscal and welfare perspective, and identifies areas where both topics can materially impact one another. The ... [more ▼]

The paper describes the factors influencing the interplay of pension and tax policies from a fiscal and welfare perspective, and identifies areas where both topics can materially impact one another. The paper also explores the arguments for coordination between income tax and pension policies in light of the distributional and behavioral synergies. The paper raises questions regarding tax policy’s effectiveness for materially influencing pension coverage, contribution compliance, and labor mobility. The authors argue for taxing pension similarly to all other incomes and for limiting tax treatment of mandatory pensions, and for initiating coordinated tax and pension reforms before electoral demographics render such reforms even more difficult than today. [less ▲]

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See detailEthnographies du proche: perspectives réflexives et enjeux de terrain
Campigotto, Marie ULiege; Dobbels, Rachel ULiege; Mescoli, Elsa ULiege

in Emulations (in press)

Les contributions de ce volume portent sur différentes expériences d’ethnographie du proche pour montrer en quels termes la réflexivité propre à l’ethnographie se déploie lorsque le contexte au sein ... [more ▼]

Les contributions de ce volume portent sur différentes expériences d’ethnographie du proche pour montrer en quels termes la réflexivité propre à l’ethnographie se déploie lorsque le contexte au sein duquel le chercheur œuvre implique une proximité de différents ordres entre celui-ci et les sujets de son terrain. Elles permettent de répertorier les trajectoires singulières auxquelles le retour réflexif sur l’expérience de terrain peut ouvrir. Trajectoires qui convergent sur certains points et divergent sur d’autres par rapport à la réflexivité qui s’exerce dans le cadre de l’ethnographie telle qu’elle est conçue et pratiquée par l’anthropologue « traditionnel », c’est-à-dire dans ces lieux lointains qui, par définition, installent une distance entre l’observateur et ce(ux) qu’il observe. [less ▲]

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See detailLa Ligne et la Boucle. Michel Strogoff ou l'involution technologique
Durand, Pascal ULiege

in Pinson, Guillaume; Prévost, Maxime (Eds.) Jules Verne et la culture médiatique (in press)

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See detailWas there a Roman Linguistic Imperialism during the Republic and the early Principate
Rochette, Bruno ULiege

in Lingue e Linguaggio (in press)

One of the main consequences of the Roman conquest was the diffusion of the Latin language and of Roman culture throughout the conquered countries. According to many texts of the imperial period, Latin ... [more ▼]

One of the main consequences of the Roman conquest was the diffusion of the Latin language and of Roman culture throughout the conquered countries. According to many texts of the imperial period, Latin became a universal language during the Imperium Romanum. But what is the reality? Did Rome develop any linguistic policies? There is some evidence to show that Rome’s response regarding the sociolinguistic problems that arose under its rule was to be flexible and willing to adapt to the specific requirements of each situation. Under the Republic and the early Principate, there was, in fact, a great flexibility in language use by the Romans in their dealings with the Greek world. Even though Latin-Greek bilingualism was widespread among the Romans of the Republic and the early Principate, in the public context, Latin maintained a high-level role because it represented the language of Rome’s power. In spite of this flexible approach to language use, a natural competition developed between the language of the dominant and the language of the dominated. In the Occident, Latin became the only vehicle of communication, both oral and written, whereas in the Orient, one notes a paradoxical situation: the Hellenization of the Romans due to the high cultural position of the Greek language. However, this dichotomy did not produce a division of the Roman Empire into two impenetrable parts, closed to mutual linguistic and cultural influences, but rather, it generated a more complicated situation, especially in the Oriental part of the Empire. It is this situation that will be analyzed in the present paper. [less ▲]

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See detailChronique du colloque international "Médecine et christianisme : sources et pratiques" (Paris, 15-16 septembre 2016)
Carlig, Nathan ULiege

in Lettre d'informations du Centre Jean Palerne (in press)

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See detailSystem-based approaches for structural optimization of flexible mechanisms
Tromme, Emmanuel; Held, Alexander; Duysinx, Pierre ULiege et al

in Archives of Computational Methods in Engineering (in press)

This paper reviews the state-of-the-art methods to perform structural optimization of flexible mechanisms. These methods are based on a system-based approach, i.e. the formulation of the design problem ... [more ▼]

This paper reviews the state-of-the-art methods to perform structural optimization of flexible mechanisms. These methods are based on a system-based approach, i.e. the formulation of the design problem incorporates the time response of the mechanism that is obtained from a dynamic simulation of the flexible multibody system. The system-based approach aims at considering as precisely as possible the effects of nonlinear dynamic loading under various operating conditions. Also, the optimization process enhances most existing studies which are limited to (quasi-) static or frequency domain loading conditions. This paper briefly introduces flexible multibody system dynamics and structural optimization techniques. Afterwards, the two main methods, named the weakly and the fully coupled methods, that couple both disciplines are presented in details and the influence of the multibody system formalism is analyzed. The advantages and drawbacks of both methods are discussed and future possible research areas are mentioned. [less ▲]

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See detailLes motifs budgétaires dans le contentieux constitutionnel
Behrendt, Christian ULiege; Miny, Xavier ULiege

in Velandia Canosa, Eduardo Andres (Ed.) Proceedings and Works of the Third Wold Congress of International Justice (in press)

Research paper presented at the Third World Congress of Constitutional Justice, Bologna, Italy, October 10-12, 2017.

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See detailCharleroi, the 'placerelle'
Bianchi, Michaël ULiege

in Masterclass Bridges (in press)

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See detailLe triangle didactique dans les préparations des stagiaires
Scheepers, Caroline ULiege

in André, Julie; Bertrand, Olivier; Schaffner, Isabelle (Eds.) Le français au siècle du numérique : enseignement et apprentissage? (in press)

La présente contribution prend en compte un volumineux corpus de fiches de préparations écrites rédigées par nos étudiants dans le cadre de leurs stages les préparant à devenir instituteurs du primaire ... [more ▼]

La présente contribution prend en compte un volumineux corpus de fiches de préparations écrites rédigées par nos étudiants dans le cadre de leurs stages les préparant à devenir instituteurs du primaire. Ces fiches seront envisagées sous l’angle du triangle didactique (Houssaye, 1988-2014). Autrement dit, nous tâcherons d’examiner comment se déclinent dans ces traces sémiotiques spécifiques ces trois dimensions que sont l’élève, le savoir et l’enseignant. Quelle place est réservée à l’élève ? Est-il bien présent dans les préparations ou est-il fantomatique ? Comment est-il nommé, désigné ? Ses réponses attendues sont-elles énoncées ? Les obstacles sur lesquels il pourrait buter sont-ils précisés ? Les activités sont-elles manifestement adaptées à lui ? Savons-nous ce que l’élève est invité à faire, avec qui, comment, pour quoi, pendant combien de temps, au moyen de quels outils ? Quelle place est faite, ou non, à la différenciation des apprentissages ? S’agissant du savoir, comment s’incarne-t-il dans les préparations, que l’on prenne en compte les savoirs supposés maitrisés par le stagiaire et ceux que l’élève est censé s’approprier au fil de la séquence d’apprentissage ? Sont-ils formalisés et, dans l’affirmative, de quelle manière ? Enfin, comment le stagiaire se projette-t-il lui-même dans le dispositif didactique qu’il planifie ? Se désigne-t-il à la première ou à la troisième personne du singulier ? Les propos qu’il projette de tenir sont-ils rédigés en style direct ou indirect ? Que savons-nous de ce qu’il prévoit de faire, de dire ? Autant de questions que nous appliquerons à notre corpus. L’approche sera d’abord descriptive, puis normative. [less ▲]

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See detailPsychological interventions influence patients' attitudes and beliefs about their chronic pain.
VANHAUDENHUYSE, Audrey ULiege; Gillet, Aline; MALAISE, Nicole ULiege et al

in Journal of Traditional and Complementary Medicine (in press)

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See detailBrouillons de dissertations à l'université
Scheepers, Caroline ULiege; Delneste, Stéphanie

in André, Julie; Bertrand, Olivier; Schaffner, Isabelle (Eds.) Le français écrit au siècle du numérique : enseignement et apprentissage? (in press)

Depuis presque vingt ans maintenant, le champ des littéracies académique suscite de très nombreuses publications, comme en témoigne la liste non exhaustive qui suit : Lidil n°17 (1998), Fintz (1998), Le ... [more ▼]

Depuis presque vingt ans maintenant, le champ des littéracies académique suscite de très nombreuses publications, comme en témoigne la liste non exhaustive qui suit : Lidil n°17 (1998), Fintz (1998), Le français aujourd’hui n°125 (1999), Pollet (2001, 2014), Lidil n°24 (2001), Spirale n°29 (2002), Enjeux n°53 et 54 (2002), Scheepers (2002, 2009, 2013), Pratiques nos121-122 (2004), Lidil n°34 (2006), Donahue (2008), Diptyque n°18 (2010), Lidil n°41 (2010), Blaser & Pollet (2010), Tutin & Grossmann (2013), Gravet (2014)… Or il faut bien constater que rares sont les travaux consacrés aux brouillons estudiantins, si l’on excepte quelques références clairsemées, parmi lesquelles Alcorta (2001), Crinon & Guigue (2003), Scheepers (2009)… Pourtant, nombreuses furent les études dévolues aux brouillons d’écoliers, de collégiens et de lycéens : Boré (2000), Reuter (2000, 2004), Alcorta (2001), Fabre-Cols (2001), Doquet (2011), Kervyn & Faux (2014), Crinon & Marin (2014), Kervyn (à paraitre)… Ce à quoi il faut ajouter le numéro 144 du Français aujourd’hui (2004), le numéro 55 de Recherches (2011), les numéros 105-106 de Pratiques (2000) ou le numéro 10 de Repères (1994). Dès 1996, Sylvie Plane, bientôt rejointe par Jean-Paul Bernié (1998), en vient à considérer que, dans le champ de la recherche, tout semble se passer comme si l’on était passé d’une focalisation sur le produit fini à une centration sur l’activité de production. Dès lors, le brouillon semble définitivement exhumé des poubelles où il était trop longtemps resté cantonné. De la même manière, la dissertation, genre scolaire par excellence, a donné lieu à de très nombreuses études : Delforce (1985, 1992), Delcambre (1997), Donahue (2008), Schneuwly & Dolz (2009), Scheepers (2013), sans compter le numéro 68 de Pratiques (1990) ou le numéro 123 du Français aujourd’hui (1998). Mais, à notre connaissance tout du moins, seules Francine Darras et Isabelle Delcambre (1989-2011) se sont penchées sur les brouillons de dissertations. Pour ce faire, elles ont pris en compte vingt copies de lycéens de seconde. Par conséquent, la finalité de cette contribution est de croiser les apports des recherches inscrites dans le champ des littéracies académiques aux travaux dévolus aux brouillons et aux dissertations pour analyser les brouillons de dissertations produits par nos étudiants de troisième année du baccalauréat en langues et lettres françaises, romanes, germaniques et classiques. La principale question qui s’inscrit au cœur de notre réflexion sera la suivante : quelles stratégies de brouillonnement mobilisent les étudiants pour produire une dissertation lors d’un examen ? [less ▲]

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