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See detailIntroduction : Artists-Curators
Bawin, Julie ULg

in Curating Live Arts: Global Perspectives Envisioning Theory and Practice (in press)

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See detailThe impact of architectural representations on conveying design intent.
Cunin, Maxime; Yang, Maria C.; Elsen, Catherine ULg

in AI EDAM: Artificial Intelligence for Engineering Design Analysis and Manufacturing (in press)

Architects express themselves graphically in order to communicate ideas both to clients and to themselves. In practice, they rely on a variety of representations such as free-hand drawings, 3D computer ... [more ▼]

Architects express themselves graphically in order to communicate ideas both to clients and to themselves. In practice, they rely on a variety of representations such as free-hand drawings, 3D computer rendered images, and photomontages to convey their design intent. Research to date has demonstrated differences and commonalities in the ways in which expert designers and laymen perceive visual understanding. It is still unclear how architects themselves use different types of representations to express different intentions, and how accurately their expected audience perceives those intentions. The purpose of this research is to investigate how laymen interpret the initial design intent of an architect’s design, and what role different forms of representations play in this process of understanding a design. This paper describes a five-step process for developing a survey that was used to gather data from 686 laymen respondents. It was found that certain types of simpler representations presented in specific contexts are unexpectedly found to be a more efficient way to faithfully transmit an architectural intent. [less ▲]

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See detailUn intrus à Locres ? À propos d’un pinax locrien insolite
Collard, Hélène ULg

in Hosoi, Noémie; Lehoux, Elise; Zachari, Vasiliki (Eds.) Arrêt sur images. Anthropologie et images : l'expérience grecque (in press)

Parmi les nombreux types de scène qui ornent les pinakes de Locres (Italie du Sud, Calabre), il en est un qui a particulièrement intrigué les commentateurs. Il s’agit du type 3/6, qui présente une scène ... [more ▼]

Parmi les nombreux types de scène qui ornent les pinakes de Locres (Italie du Sud, Calabre), il en est un qui a particulièrement intrigué les commentateurs. Il s’agit du type 3/6, qui présente une scène de sacrifice : devant un temple à l’intérieur duquel se trouvent deux statues divines, l’une féminine et l’autre masculine, un couple accomplit une libation sur un autel, sur lequel brûle une part de l’animal sacrificiel. Cette scène, qui est l’une des plus complexes du point de vue de la composition, est très particulière et isolée au sein du corpus des pinakes locriens, et ce pour plusieurs raisons. Le détail qui retiendra plus spécialement notre attention est celui de la scène figurée sur l’autel, qui est toujours décrite comme une scène érotique entre un satyre et un cervidé, et qui a donné lieu à une série d’interprétations diverses. Ce jeu d’image dans l’image – et plus spécifiquement d’autel porteur d’une image – est fréquent dans l’imagerie grecque, et se retrouve aussi sur d’autres pinakes. Mais la présence du satyre est tout-à-fait particulière et la portée de cette scène difficile à appréhender au sein de ce corpus en lien avec la sphère féminine et le rituel nuptial. On verra toutefois que, s’il est vrai qu’elle n’a visiblement pas eu beaucoup de succès (seuls cinq exemplaires sont attestés sur les 1200 qui composent le corpus), cette image n’est peut-être pas si étrange que cela, et ce qui apparaît au premier regard comme une scène "grossière" pourrait bien être en fait une ingénieuse métaphore, qui a entièrement sa place sur un pinax locrien. [less ▲]

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See detailStein's method for comparison of univariate distributions
Ley, Christophe; Reinert, Gesine; Swan, Yvik ULg

in Probability Surveys (in press)

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See detailFrom parts to whole and back again. The emblem system in the French Jesuit Festivals
De Marco, Rosa ULg

in Höpel, Ingrid; McKeown, Simon (Eds.) Emblems and Impact. Selected Proceedings of the 10th International Conference of the Society for Emblem Studies (in press)

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See detailHealth relevance of intestinal protein fermentation in young pigs
Pieper, Robert; Villodre Tudela, Carmen; Taciak, Marcin et al

in Animal Health Research Reviews (in press)

The physiological role of the gastrointestinal microbiota has become an important subject of nutrition research in pigs in the past years, and the importance of intestinal microbial activity in the ... [more ▼]

The physiological role of the gastrointestinal microbiota has become an important subject of nutrition research in pigs in the past years, and the importance of intestinal microbial activity in the etiology of disease is doubtless. This review summarizes the recent knowledge related to the microbial ecology of protein fermentation and the appearance of protein-derived metabolites along the pig intestine. The amount of fermentable protein depends on factors such as dietary protein concentration, protein digestibility due to secondary or tertiary structure, the interaction with dietary compounds or anti-nutritional factors, and the secretion of endogenous proteins into the gut lumen. High protein diets increase the luminal concentrations and epithelial exposure to putatively toxic metabolites and increase the risk for post-weaning diarrhea, but the mechanisms are not yet clarified. Although the use of fermentable carbohydrates to reduce harmful protein-derived metabolites in pigs is well-established, recent studies suggest that the inclusion of fermentable carbohydrates into diets with low protein digestibility or high dietary protein level may not ameliorate all negative effects with regard to epithelial response. Based on the current knowledge, the use of diets with low levels of high-quality protein may help to reduce the risk for intestinal disease in young pigs. [less ▲]

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See detailMédiations au coeur des politiques actives du marché du travail
Beuker, Laura ULg; Orianne, Jean-François ULg

in Servais, Christine (Ed.) La médiation, Théorie et Terrains (in press)

Les politiques actives du marché du travail se développent en Belgique, depuis une vingtaine d’années, sous l’influence des institutions européennes et de l’Organisation de Coopération et de Développement ... [more ▼]

Les politiques actives du marché du travail se développent en Belgique, depuis une vingtaine d’années, sous l’influence des institutions européennes et de l’Organisation de Coopération et de Développement Économique (OCDE). Ces politiques visent explicitement le développement de l’employabilité des chômeurs, entendons par là leur capacité d’insertion socioprofessionnelle, leurs chances d’accéder à un emploi durable et de qualité. En Belgique, la Stratégie européenne pour l’emploi se traduit dans le cadre d’accords (suc- cessifs) de coopération entre l’État fédéral et les Régions, relatifs à l’accompagnement et au suivi actifs des chômeurs. Ces politiques confèrent aux intermédiaires (publics et privés) du marché du travail un rôle central dans l’activation des chômeurs (conseil, orientation, formation, coaching, etc.). Nous proposons dans ce texte d’interroger l’activité des intermédiaires publics au travers d’une étude de cas centrée sur les « facilitateurs » de l’Office National de l’Emploi (ONEm) et les « conseillers emploi » du FOREm et d’ACTIRIS1. [less ▲]

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See detailReversible TAD chemistry as a convenient tool for the design of (re)processable PCL-based shape-memory materials
Defize, Thomas ULg; Riva, Raphaël ULg; Thomassin, Jean-Michel ULg et al

in Macromolecular Rapid Communications (in press)

A chemically cross-linked but remarkably (re)processable shape-memory polymer (SMP) is designed by cross-linking poly(ε -caprolactone) (PCL) stars via the efficient triazolinedione click chemistry, based ... [more ▼]

A chemically cross-linked but remarkably (re)processable shape-memory polymer (SMP) is designed by cross-linking poly(ε -caprolactone) (PCL) stars via the efficient triazolinedione click chemistry, based on the very fast and reversible Alder– ene reaction of 1,2,4-triazoline-3,5-dione (TAD) with indole compounds. Typically, a six-arm star-shaped PCL function- alized by indole moieties at the chain ends is melt-blended with a bisfunctional TAD, directly resulting in a cross-linked PCL-based SMP without the need of post-curing treatment. As demonstrated by the stress relaxation measurement, the labile character of the TAD–indole adducts under stress allows for the solid-state plasticity reprocessing of the permanent shape at will by compression molding of the raw cross-linked material, while keeping excellent shape-memory properties. [less ▲]

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See detailVers l’absolution de Charles IV de Lorraine (1645) : enjeux et ressources d’une stratégie diplomatique du Saint-Siège
Regibeau, Julien ULg

in Dixième Congrès de l’Association des cercles francophones d’histoire et d’archéologie de Belgique, Arlon, août 2016 (in press)

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See detailBasic Principles of White Dwarf Asteroseismology
Fontaine, Gilles; Brassard, Pierre; Charpinet, Stéphane et al

in Napiwotzki, R.; Burleigh, M. (Eds.) The White Dwarfs Stars (in press)

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See detailA propos d'un paradoxe optique
Brentano, Franz; Dewalque, Arnaud ULg

in Brentano, Franz; Fréchette, Guillaume; Fisette, Denis (Eds.) Articles et conférences (in press)

Ce texte est la traduction française de deux articles de Franz Brentano publiés sous le titre "Über ein optiches Paradoxon" (1892-93). L'auteur y expose son explication de l'illusion de Müller-Lyer et la ... [more ▼]

Ce texte est la traduction française de deux articles de Franz Brentano publiés sous le titre "Über ein optiches Paradoxon" (1892-93). L'auteur y expose son explication de l'illusion de Müller-Lyer et la défend contre les objections de Theodor Lipps. L'explication proposée repose sur la thèse selon laquelle, dans une figure comportant des angles de différentes grandeur (réellement dessinés ou tracés par l'esprit), les angles plus petits sont surestimés et les angles plus grands sous-estimés, ce qui entraîne une estimation différente de la distance les séparant. [less ▲]

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See detailThe Antitrust and Intellectual Property Intersection in European Union Law
Petit, Nicolas ULg

in Blair, Roger; Sokol, Danie (Eds.) Roger D. Blair & D. Daniel Sokol (in press)

In European legal scholarship, many articles discuss the equilibrium reached in the case-law of the Court of Justice of the European Union (“CJEU”) when the EU antitrust prohibitions apply to, and ... [more ▼]

In European legal scholarship, many articles discuss the equilibrium reached in the case-law of the Court of Justice of the European Union (“CJEU”) when the EU antitrust prohibitions apply to, and restrain, the free and ordinary use of intellectual property rights (“IPRs”). We call this the antitrust-IP intersection. The most interesting feature of this literature is perhaps the common assumption that a unifying substantive perspective, vision or theory on IPR underpins the intersection point reached by the antitrust case-law. Whilst the theory of “absolutism” can be quickly disposed of, several other theories like inherency, exceptionalism or complementarity have been described as the lynchpin of the antitrust-IP intersection. Our paper offers a different reading of the case-law. It submits that the antitrust-IP intersection does not rest on any unitary theory which, in turn, bespeaks the Court’s vision of the social function of IPRs. Instead, the main feature of the CJEU case-law is that a specific methodology is applied to antitrust cases with IPR ramifications. The CJEU deals with most of such cases under a rule-based approach, instead of a standard-based approach. By rule-based approach, we refer to the ex ante setting of structured tests of liability, by opposition to ex post case-by-case resolution on grounds of a pre-determined, general standard (e.g., reasonableness, competition on the merits, efficiency, fairness, equity, etc.). As will be seen below, this approach has many virtues, not least in terms of legal certainty. But it also has a major qualification. Whilst the Court has consistently formulated rules of liability and justifiability at the antitrust and IP intersection, it has at the same time often embedded abstract standards within those rules. The implications of this mixed approach are unclear. [less ▲]

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See detailP.Leod. inv. 2: fragment d'un document relatif à un bien immobilier (?)
Ricciardetto, Antonio ULg

in Davoli, Paola; Pellé, Natascia (Eds.) Polymatheia. Studi offerti a Mario Capasso (in press)

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See detailChronic ischemic mitral regurgitation
DULGHERU, Raluca Elena ULg; LANCELLOTTI, Patrizio ULg

in Applied echocardiography in coronary artery disease (in press)

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See detailRimbaud flâneur
Saint-Amand, Denis ULg

in Francofonia (in press)

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See detailNégocier une majorité politique et devenir bourgmestre en Belgique. Quelles influences des droits régionaux ?
Grandjean, Geoffrey ULg

in Revue Régionale de Droit (in press)

Depuis 2001, les Régions sont compétentes en matière d’organisation et d’élection des pouvoirs locaux. Elles ont adopté des règles différentes. Dans quelle mesure ces règles influencent-elles la ... [more ▼]

Depuis 2001, les Régions sont compétentes en matière d’organisation et d’élection des pouvoirs locaux. Elles ont adopté des règles différentes. Dans quelle mesure ces règles influencent-elles la négociation d’une majorité politique et la désignation des bourgmestres en Belgique ? Afin de répondre à cette question, des entretiens semi-directifs ont été réalisés avec plusieurs bourgmestres et échevin issus de communes localisées dans les trois Régions. Des différences entre Régions mais également au sein de celles-ci ont été relevées. Les dispositions relatives au mode de désignation du bourgmestre sont primordiales pour comprendre les dynamiques de négociations politiques. Au final, cet article tisse les liens entre les normes juridiques et les jeux des acteurs politiques. [less ▲]

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See detailGoat breeding in the rural district of Chemini (Algeria)
Moula, Nassim ULg; Ait Kaki, Asma; Touazi, Leghel et al

in Nature & Technology (in press)

The Kabyle goat breed represents 10.52% of the total Algerian market (3.8 million heads). A survey of 69 farmers has been carried out in order to characterize it and its breeding in the District of ... [more ▼]

The Kabyle goat breed represents 10.52% of the total Algerian market (3.8 million heads). A survey of 69 farmers has been carried out in order to characterize it and its breeding in the District of Chemini. The questions focused on household agricultural activities, including breeding of goats, cattle, sheep, rabbits, chicken, turkeys, honeybees and the production of olive oil and figs. The goat morpho-biometric characterization was based on 18 corporal measurements. The Hierarchical Cluster Analysis (HCA) of the farm structures defined four groups of farms, variance between groups accounting for 55.7% of total variability. The average number of goats in groups 1 to 4 was 7.2±2.8, 11.1±3.5, 22.3±1.4 and 3.4±1.0, respectively. Group 3 (n=6), showed the greatest number; it consists of older farmers (67 years old or over) not practicing arboriculture. They also have the largest numbers of sheep (48.67), rabbits (50.83), chicken (48.33) and turkeys (42). Group 4 (n=9), with the lowest number of goats, was the group of young farmers (39 years old or less), more dedicated to cattle breeding (~52 heads) and the production of olive oil (~207 trees) and figs (~47 trees). The 18 morpho-biometric variables were significantly higher in males than in females (p<0.05). The Kabyle goat is small (Height at withers: male: 68.23±0.97cm and female: 65.41±0.55cm) with long hair (male: 12.24±0.51cm, and female: 9.51±0.29cm). Its ears are drooping, its convex profile has a slightly pronounced nasal split and its dress color ranges from dark brown to black. This adapted genetic resource should be key in the development of a local production, based on a strong commitment of farmers inside a breed association, for the production of specimens corresponding to a standard, to be determined collectively. [less ▲]

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See detailM.G. Vassanji’s A Place Within: Thinking through India, Transnationally: Still Writing from a Hard Place?
Munos, Delphine ULg

in Sayed, Asma; Murji, Karim (Eds.) Diaspora and Literary Politics: The Transnational Imaginaries of MG Vassanji (in press)

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