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See detailIntroduction
Ricciardetto, Antonio ULg

in Ricciardetto, Antonio; Marganne, Marie-Hélène (Eds.) En marge du Serment hippocratique : contrats et serments dans le monde gréco-romain. Actes de la Journée d'étude internationale (Université de Liège, 29 octobre 2014) (in press)

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See detailUnder Construction: Postcolonial Gateways and Walls
Tunca, Daria ULg; Wilson, Janet

Book published by Brill (in press)

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See detailLes corps saints des catacombes de Rome aux Pays-Bas : acteurs, réseaux, flux
Delfosse, Annick ULg

in Duhamelle, Christophe; Bacciochi, Stéphane (Eds.) Les corps saints des catacombes dans l’espace de la catholicité à l’âge moderne (XVIIe-XIXe siècles) (in press)

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See detailDe l'Anonyme à Jamblique: ou de l'usage politique de la richesse
Gavray, Marc-Antoine ULg

in Helmer, Étienne (Ed.) Richesse et Pauvreté chez les philosophes grecs (in press)

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See detailA 3-year long study of Staphylococcus aureus isolates from subclinical mastitis in three Azawak zebu herds at the Sahelian experimental farm of Toukounous, Niger
Issa Ibrahim, Abdoulkarim; Duprez, Jean-Noël ULg; Bada-alambdeji, Rianatou et al

in Tropical Animal Health and Production (in press)

bovine mastitis. The aim of the present work was to follow in three herds and during the 3 years the clonality of S. aureus isolated from California Mastitis Test (CMT)-positive cows at the experimental ... [more ▼]

bovine mastitis. The aim of the present work was to follow in three herds and during the 3 years the clonality of S. aureus isolated from California Mastitis Test (CMT)-positive cows at the experimental station of Toukounous (Niger) by (i) comparing their pulsed field gel electrophoresis (PFGE) fingerprints, (ii) identifying their virulotypes by PCR amplification and (iii) assessing the production of capsule and the formation of biofilm. The 88 S. aureus isolates belonged to 14 different pulsotypes, 3 of them being predominant: A (30 %), D (27 %), B (15 %). A and B pulsotypes had the highest profile similarity coefficient (94 %), while others had similarity coefficients under 60 %. Seventy-five S. aureus isolates were further studied for their virulotypes, capsular antigens and biofilm production. Most surface factor-, leukocidin- and haemolysin-, but not the enterotoxin-encoding genes were detected in the majority (>75 %) of the isolates and were evenly distributed between the A, B and D pulsotype isolates. The majority of the 72 S. aureus positive with the cap5H or cap8H PCR produced the CP5 (82 %) or the CP8 (88 %) capsular antigen, respectively. Biofilm production by the 57 icaA-positive isolates was strong for 8 isolates, moderate for 31 isolates but weak for 18 isolates, implying that the icaA gene may not be expressed in vitro by one third of the positive isolates. Similar to other studies, those results confirm that a restricted number of S. aureus clones circulate within the three herds at Toukounous and that their specific virulence-associated properties must still be further studied [less ▲]

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See detailPremières traces et diversification de la vie (Chap. XI)
Javaux, Emmanuelle ULg

in Mastrangelo, victor (Ed.) Formation des systèmes stellaires et planétaires et conditions d’apparition de la vie (in press)

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See detailIs adult translocation a credible way to accelerate the recolonization process of Chondrostoma nasus in a rehabilitated river?
Ovidio, Michaël ULg; Hanzen, Céline; Gennotte, Vincent ULg et al

in Cybium (in press)

The decline of the patrimonial rheophilic nase, Chondrostoma nasus (Linnaeus, 1758) populations was mainly caused by construction of dams and hydroelectric power-plants, together with the straightening ... [more ▼]

The decline of the patrimonial rheophilic nase, Chondrostoma nasus (Linnaeus, 1758) populations was mainly caused by construction of dams and hydroelectric power-plants, together with the straightening and artificialization of the river banks and water pollution. In this study, we tested the hypothesis whether the translocation of few adult nase individuals from a river stretch to another upstream may be a credible way to accelerate the recolonization process of the species in the Amblève River (Southern Belgium). In February and March 2011, just before their spawning period, eight adult nases (462-509 mm; 1546-2002 g; presumed males and females) were captured in the lower part of the River Amblève. Fin clip samples were stored in alcohol for further genetic analysis. They were equipped with a 14 g radio transmitter and translocated upstream in a 18 km river stretch, where the species had disappeared since decades due to river anthropization. They were manually located two to five times/week using mobile receivers until maximum June 2012 (n = 977 locations). River temperature and flow were hourly recorded during the entire tracking period. The tagged nase individuals displayed various mobility patterns, exploited different areas of the river stretch, occupied longitudinal home ranges from 3.4 to 36.1 km (one individual finally left the new river stretch) and travelled total distances from 12.2 to 186.6 km. The tagged individuals were most of the times apart from one to another, but most individuals grouped together in potential spawning areas in late March-early April 2011, suggesting an attempt to reproduce. In September 2011, electric fishing in two potential detected spawning sites allowed to capture 16 juvenile (0+) nases, demonstrating the existence of spawning activity in the newly occupied river stretch. Individual genetic characterization was performed in 2014 in order to reveal a possible direct lineage between juveniles and adults. Allelic distribution of 22 microsatellite markers unambiguously identified the 16 juveniles as full-sib progeny descending from two of the translocated adults. This demonstrated that the adult nases succeeded to find spawning areas and that progeny found raised-up from the translocated individuals. [less ▲]

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See detailPer una edizione integrale e analitica dell'incipit della Storia d'Italia di Francesco Guicciardini
Moreno, Paola ULg

in Laboratoire Italien : Politique et Société (in press)

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See detailQuando l’autore corregge se stesso. Il caso unico del copialettere di Francesco Guicciardini
Moreno, Paola ULg

in Berra, Claudia (Ed.) Epistolari dal Due al Seicento. Modelli, questioni ecdotiche, edizioni, cantieri aperti. (in press)

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See detailMaqriziana XIII: An Exchange of Correspondence Between al-Maqrīzī (d. 845/1442) and al-Qalqašandī (d. 821/1418)
Bauden, Frédéric ULg

in Winter, Michael (Ed.) Festschrift Amalia Levanoni (in press)

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See detailPilgrimage Certificates from the Mamluk Period: New Data
Bauden, Frédéric ULg

in Bulletin of the School of Oriental and African Studies (in press)

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See detailLe rôle des pays émergents dans la gouvernance économique mondiale
Wintgens, Sophie ULg; Zacharie, Arnaud ULg

in Annuaire français de Relations internationales (in press), XVII(2016),

Since the 2000s, the rising power of emerging countries – China, East Asian countries and the BRICS in particular – changed the balance of power within the system of global economic governance. In an ... [more ▼]

Since the 2000s, the rising power of emerging countries – China, East Asian countries and the BRICS in particular – changed the balance of power within the system of global economic governance. In an increasingly multipolar world, external policies of the main emerging countries are aimed more at legitimizing their status of regional powers rather than at promoting a truly democratic multilateralism. By doing so, the global shift in wealth puts the multilateralism to the test. Although emerging countries have claimed more room in the international economic organizations, many of their demands have not been heard by the Western traditional powers, which prompted them to launch their own initiatives. This creates an increasing fragmentation of international financial and trade rules, which makes more complex the political conditions for effectively regulate the international system. Although emerging countries have contributed to challenge the legitimacy of the global economic governance architecture, they have so far failed to change its nature or to make it more consistent. [less ▲]

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See detailKnowledge Transfer in Regulatory Analytical Sciences through the Implementation of Communities of Practice
Jesionkowska, Joanna; Denis, Brigitte ULg; Taylor, Philip

in Proceedings of the conference (in press)

Promoting affiliation between scientists is relatively easy, but creating larger organisational structures is more difficult, due to traditions of scientific independance, difficulties of sharing implicit ... [more ▼]

Promoting affiliation between scientists is relatively easy, but creating larger organisational structures is more difficult, due to traditions of scientific independance, difficulties of sharing implicit knowledge, and formal organisational barrers. Hence there is a need to research possibilities given by Communities of practice. This paper presents a research projet (doctoral thesis) whose goal is to implement Communities of Practice (CoP) in order to sustain knowledge transfer in regulatory analytical sciences. [less ▲]

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See detailMurs, Frontières et Liberté(s) de Circulation
Gemenne, François ULg

Book published by Fayard (in press)

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See detailSpazio scritto e spazio non scritto nelle dossografie mediche su papiro
Ricciardetto, Antonio ULg

in Spazio scritto e spazio non scritto nel libro papiraceo: esperienze a confronto (in press)

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See detailReal-time measurement of temperature variation during nanosecond pulsed laser induced contamination deposition
Kokkinos, Dimitrios ULg; Gailly, Patrick ULg; Georges, Marc ULg et al

in Applied Optics (in press)

In this paper a study of the heat generation during UV Laser Induced Contamination (LIC) and potentially resulting subsequent thermal damage is presented. This becomes increasingly interesting when optics ... [more ▼]

In this paper a study of the heat generation during UV Laser Induced Contamination (LIC) and potentially resulting subsequent thermal damage is presented. This becomes increasingly interesting when optics with delicate coatings are involved. During LIC radiation can interact with outgassing molecules both in the gas phase and at the surface, triggering chemical and photo-fixation reactions. This is a major hazard, in particular for laser units operating under vacuum conditions such as for space applications. The intense photon flux not only affects the contaminant deposition rate but also alters their chemical structure that can increase their absorption coefficient. Over cumulative irradiation shots these molecules formed deposits that increasingly absorb photons and produce heat as a by-product of de-excitation eventually leading to thermal damage. One could better asses the risk of the latter with the knowledge of temperature during the contamination process. For this purpose thermoreflectance technique is used here to estimate the temperature variation from pulse to pulse during contamination deposition through the analysis of a temperature-dependent surface reflectance signal. [less ▲]

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See detailTrophic ecology of the seagrass-inhabiting footballer demoiselle Chrysiptera annulata (Peters, 1855); comparison with three other reef-associated damselfishes
Lepoint, Gilles ULg; Michel, Loïc ULg; Parmentier, Eric ULg et al

in Belgian Journal of Zoology (in press)

Many damselfishes (Pomacentridae) are herbivorous or omnivorous with an important contribution of different kinds of algae in their diet. They display different levels of territoriality and farming ... [more ▼]

Many damselfishes (Pomacentridae) are herbivorous or omnivorous with an important contribution of different kinds of algae in their diet. They display different levels of territoriality and farming behavior, from almost non territorial to monoculture farmers. In addition, few species inhabit seagrass meadows but, presently, none can be considered as seagrass-eating specialists. The footballer demoiselle, Chrysiptera annulata, is found in the seagrass meadows on the reef flat of the Great Reef of Toliara (Madagascar, Mozambique Channel). Regarding this unusual habitat for pomacentrid, this study aimed to answer 3 questions: 1) What is the diet of C. annulata? 2) Do the resources supporting this diet include seagrass? 3) Does its trophic niche overlap those of other sympatric damselfishes (Pomacentrus trilineatus, Chrysiptera unimaculata and Plectroglyphidodon lacrymatus) living in close association with macrophytes or eating algae? Stomach content examination and stable isotope analysis showed that the footballer demoiselle is not a seagrass consumer but is an omnivorous/herbivorous species heavily relying on algal resources and small invertebrates. SIAR, a stable isotope mixing model, indicated it assimilated large amount of turf algae and various benthic or planktonic invertebrates in lower proportions. SIBER metrics pointed out that isotopic niche of the footballer demoiselle partly overlaps the one of its congeneric C. unimaculata, but not those of P. trilineatus and P. lacrymatus. Trophic strategies of C. annulata differed both from farming species such as P. lacrymatus or from less territorial herbivores such as P. trilineatus. Its seagrass meadow habitat on the Great Reef of Toliara allow the conquest of an unusual habitat for damselfishes and could limit competition with C. unimaculata, a species displaying the same territorial behavior and the same isotopic niche but living on the reef itself. [less ▲]

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