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See detailInactivité, procrastination, apathie et manque d'objectifs quotidiens : Un même concept ?
Wagener, Aurélie ULg; Carré, Arnaud; Bouvard, Martine et al

Conference (2016, June 10)

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See detailLe repos vocal: état actuel des connaissances et indications thérapeutiques
Remacle, Angélique ULg

Scientific conference (2016, June 10)

Le repos vocal consiste à modérer (repos relatif) ou éviter (repos absolu) l’utilisation de la voix sous toutes ses formes. Régulièrement recommandé à des fins préventives ou curatives, il favorise la ... [more ▼]

Le repos vocal consiste à modérer (repos relatif) ou éviter (repos absolu) l’utilisation de la voix sous toutes ses formes. Régulièrement recommandé à des fins préventives ou curatives, il favorise la récupération et la cicatrisation tissulaire dans différentes circonstances. Par principe de précaution, bon nombre de phonochirurgiens l’incluent dans les soins postopératoires. Le repos vocal permet également de résorber une simple fatigue ressentie suite à un usage intensif ou inhabituel de la voix, ou peut faire l’objet d’une indication thérapeutique dans le cadre de pathologies bénignes consécutives aux phonotraumatismes. A l’heure actuelle, l’impact du repos sur la cicatrisation reste controversé. Les chercheurs en sa faveur avancent que la mise au repos protège les plis vocaux des traumatismes susceptibles de maintenir l’inflammation, favorise la réparation tissulaire et évite les cicatrices. A l’inverse, certains travaux soulèvent que l’inactivité vocale pourrait ralentir la réparation tissulaire et serait même défavorable à la cicatrisation. Ces études postulent que la vibration contribue à la réorganisation des fibres tissulaires et que l’absence de mobilisation favoriserait les cicatrices cordales. Enfin, les détracteurs du repos avancent que l’inactivité des plis vocaux engendre la stagnation de mucus sur le plan glottique, responsable de toux et de hemmage Compte tenu du manque de données scientifiques et de la diversité des pratiques sur le sujet, il n’est pas toujours aisé de donner des consignes claires aux patients, souvent réticents à l’idée de ne pouvoir utiliser leur voix pendant une durée prolongée. Dans le but de donner des indications cliniques, cette présentation décrit l’intérêt et les potentiels inconvénients du repos vocal, et elle suggère des lignes de conduites quant à la manière de le mettre en place. [less ▲]

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See detailApport des nuages de points LiDAR et photogrammétriques pour le monitoring de 12000 km de cours d’eau en Wallonie (Belgique)
Michez, Adrien ULg; Piégay, Hervé; Desteucq, Olivier et al

Conference (2016, June 10)

Sous l’impulsion de son administration, la Wallonie a entamé un processus de révision complète des modalités de la gestion des cours d’eau, notamment à travers le projet des Programmes d’Actions sur les ... [more ▼]

Sous l’impulsion de son administration, la Wallonie a entamé un processus de révision complète des modalités de la gestion des cours d’eau, notamment à travers le projet des Programmes d’Actions sur les Rivières par une approche Intégrée et Sectorisée (PARIS). Les PARIS ont pour but l'intégration dans le temps et dans l’espace de l’ensemble des mesures de gestion spécifiques au linéaire des cours d'eau en fonction d'enjeux prioritaires identifiés à l’échelle d’unités de gestion homogènes, les secteurs (6185 secteurs de gestion de 2 km de long en moyenne). La mise en place et le suivi de ces plans de gestion impliquent de facto le développement d'outils de suivi efficaces, permettant d'établir les états des lieux pour la planification des actes de gestion et à terme, d'évaluer l'efficacité desdits plans de gestion. Ces opérations doivent se réaliser sur près de 12000 km de cours d’eau et de bandes riveraines associées sur une base objective et commune à l’ensemble des gestionnaires de cours d’eau. Des données fines de télédétection étant disponibles et acquises de manière régulière par l’administration wallonne, des solutions dérivées de ces sources de données permettront de répondre partiellement aux besoins réguliers en information des plans de gestion PARIS pour un budget réduit. Pour atteindre cet objectif, un protocole a été établi sur base de nuages points LiDAR (densité ≈ 1 point « sol » / m²) complétés par des nuages de points photogrammétriques dérivés des images individuelles des couvertures ortho du territoire. Ces données ont été utilisées afin de caractériser la structure spatiale des bandes riveraines associées à l’ensemble du réseau hydrographique wallon (> 12 000 km) à travers 6 paramètres. Ces paramètres peuvent être d’ordre hydromorphologique (hauteur des berges, largeur et sinuosité du lit mineur), ou décrire la structure des forêts riveraines (hauteur moyenne, continuité longitudinale et ombrage du lit mineur). Une évaluation des patrons spatiaux de ces différents paramètres en lien avec les caractéristiques des territoires wallons (occupation du sol, régions naturelles) peut être ainsi réalisée. Différentes formes de visualisations de l’information peuvent ainsi appuyer le processus décisionnel des gestionnaires, de l’échelle locale (secteurs d’une masse d’eau DCE - Directive ‘Cadre-Eau’) à l’échelle régionale (354 masse d’eau DCE). L’acquisition des données sur l’ensemble du territoire wallon (15000 km²) a été sous-traitée à différentes compagnies privées, pour des montants approximatifs de 17 et 10 € / km² respectivement pour la donnée LiDAR et ortho. Une plateforme en ligne a récemment été lancée par la Direction des Cours d’Eau Non-Navigables du Service Public de Wallonie (DCENN) en tant que support du projet de plans de gestion PARIS. Les paramètres extraits dans le cadre de ce projet seront prochainement intégrés au sein de cette plateforme permettant leur visualisation à différentes échelles ainsi que l’encodage des actions par les gestionnaires. [less ▲]

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See detail“Dare to save a life at school”: implementation of a basic life support cycle in the PE curriculum
Mouton, Alexandre ULg; Laurent, Charlotte; Collin, Manon ULg et al

Conference (2016, June 10)

Introduction In Europe, about 400,000 people have a sudden cardiac arrest every year, with a survival rate of 5-10% (ERC, 2015). Bystander cardiopulmonary resuscitation (CPR) could increase this survival ... [more ▼]

Introduction In Europe, about 400,000 people have a sudden cardiac arrest every year, with a survival rate of 5-10% (ERC, 2015). Bystander cardiopulmonary resuscitation (CPR) could increase this survival rate by 2-3 times. Unfortunately, less than 20% of the general population is able to perform it effectively (Plant & Taylor, 2013). Besides, most of the public facilities are now equipped with automated external defibrillators (AEDs). In a physical literacy perspective (Whitehead, 2013), PE teachers are ideally placed to teach basic life support (BLS) to their students (Colquhoun, 2012). Methods In this pilot study, a female PE teacher was trained to a BLS cycle adapted to the PE curriculum. The BLS cycle, including 6 sessions of PE, was developed in a participatory approach by a team of BLS specialists, PE teacher educators and by the PE teacher herself. During this BLS cycle, students learned the CPR & AED protocols, taught by different teaching styles (practice, reciprocal, self-check) with hands-on application on training manikin and AED. A process analysis was performed from the video recording of the sessions and from satisfactory questionnaires. Students’ knowledge of the BLS protocol was assessed by a 14 open-ended questionnaire at baseline (T0) and after the intervention (T1). Practical application of the BLS protocol was assessed on a manikin measuring CPR performance at T1. Results and conclusions The BLS program was taught to two classes of high school female students (n=52), aged 17.1 ± 0.3 years. At T0, if students were mostly aware of the emergency number (71.4%), very few were able to localise the chest compression (14.3%) and AEDs’ electrodes (2%) areas. Most of them did not feel able to perform BLS (89.8%) and would agree to learn it during PE lessons (97.9%). Results at T1 are expected to highlight improvements of the theoretical and practical BLS’ competencies of the students. [less ▲]

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See detailFire fragility functions for community resilience assessment
Elhami Khorasani, Negar; Gernay, Thomas ULg; Garlock, Maria

in Garlock, Maria; Kodur, Venkatesh (Eds.) Structures in Fire (Proceedings of the Ninth International Conference) (2016, June 10)

This work provides a framework to evaluate the response of buildings in a community to fire following earthquake. As part of the framework, the paper discusses two methodologies: (1) how to develop fire ... [more ▼]

This work provides a framework to evaluate the response of buildings in a community to fire following earthquake. As part of the framework, the paper discusses two methodologies: (1) how to develop fire fragility functions; (2) how the fire fragility functions can be used in conjunction with an original fire ignition model to estimate the potential losses in a community from fire following earthquake. The paper focuses in particular on the development of fire fragility functions for an entire building to measure the probability of reaching a damage state given a fire scenario. Next, the paper proposes an ignition model to evaluate the probability of fire ignition after an earthquake. The ignition model together with fragility functions measure the probability of damage from fire following earthquake given an earthquake scenario. [less ▲]

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See detailConversion of visual post fire measurements into fire severity with the aid of thermo-plastic analysis for retrofitting
Molkens, Tom; Gernay, Thomas ULg; Van Coile, Ruben

in Garlock, Maria; Kodur, Venkatesh (Eds.) Structures in Fire (Proceedings of the Ninth International Conference) (2016, June 10)

At Koksijde in Belgium a severe fire took place in an apartment building in 2015, resulting in the death of a young man and visible structural damage to four balconies. Following the fire, experts were ... [more ▼]

At Koksijde in Belgium a severe fire took place in an apartment building in 2015, resulting in the death of a young man and visible structural damage to four balconies. Following the fire, experts were mandated to assess the damage and the need for structural repair. They estimated that the balconies had to be refurbished but that there were no other structural elements affected, in particular the slab inside the apartment could be left in place with only a surface treatment and new plaster finishing. However, the floor slab in the apartment located above the fire apartment exhibited several visual indications that the fire could have had a structural impact, such as residual deformations and cracks in the tiles. This paper presents a methodology to infer the fire severity based on post-fire measurements and non-linear thermo-plastic numerical simulations. Finally, knowing the fire severity, its effect on the structure is evaluated and a reliability-based assessment is made of the residual load bearing capacity of the slab. [less ▲]

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See detailCritical parameters in deriving fire fragility functions for steel gravity frames
Gernay, Thomas ULg; Elhami Khorasani, Negar; Garlock, Maria

in Garlock, Maria; Kodur, Venkatesh (Eds.) Structures in Fire (Proceedings of the Ninth International Conference) (2016, June 10)

Fire fragility functions can be used to characterize the probabilistic vulnerability of buildings to fire in the context of urban resilience assessment. A methodology has been proposed to develop such ... [more ▼]

Fire fragility functions can be used to characterize the probabilistic vulnerability of buildings to fire in the context of urban resilience assessment. A methodology has been proposed to develop such functions for multi-story steel buildings. However, a large number of parameters with uncertainties play a role in the process of constructing the fragility functions. The goal of this research is to identify the critical parameters that most affect the global fire safety by investigating the sensitivity of the fragility functions to different input parameters. Sensitivity in parameters affecting the fire model, the heat transfer process and the thermo-mechanical response is examined. The effects of different design assumptions at the system level are also studied. The presented approach is useful for selecting the prevailing parameters in a fire reliability analysis and it provides important information for modeling tools that can be used to evaluate resilience for fire scenarios. [less ▲]

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See detailReading a Vedic çastra
Swennen, Philippe ULg

Conference (2016, June 09)

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See detailCharacterization of GPR101 transcripts structure and expression patterns
Trivellin, Giampaolo; Ivana, Bjelobaba; Daly, Adrian ULg et al

in Journal of Molecular Endocrinology (2016)

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See detailStability in Hybrid Fire Testing
Sauca, Ana ULg; Gernay, Thomas ULg; Robert, Fabienne et al

in Garlock, Maria; Kodur, Venkatesh (Eds.) Structures in Fire (Proceedings of the Ninth International Conference) (2016, June 09)

Hybrid testing is an appealing technique to observe the behavior of an element in an experimental test while taking into account the interaction with the rest of the structure which is modelled ... [more ▼]

Hybrid testing is an appealing technique to observe the behavior of an element in an experimental test while taking into account the interaction with the rest of the structure which is modelled numerically. Being widely used in the seismic field, this technique has been recently proposed in the fire field. The purpose of this paper is to demonstrate that the loading control process may be unstable during the hybrid testing when using the methodology applied in former tests presented in the literature. The stability in the latter method depends on the stiffness ratio between the two substructures. For the purpose of discussion, a one degree-of-freedom elastic system is studied. To overcome the stability issues, a new method is presented, independent on the stiffness ratio. Finally, the hybrid testing of a 2D beam being part of a moment resisting frame is analyzed in a virtual environment (both parts being modeled numerically) using the “first generation method” and the new proposed method. [less ▲]

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See detailMallarmé : le retour des choses
Durand, Pascal ULg

Conference (2016, June 09)

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See detailLa consecratio du terrain de la domus palatine de Cicéron
Berthelet, Yann ULg

in Mélanges de l'École Française de Rome. Antiquité (2016), 128(2),

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See detailTowards a Digital Philology. Creation, Spread and Apprehension of Knowledge through Digital Scholarly Platforms in Humanities
Mayeur, Ingrid ULg

Poster (2016, June 09)

This contribution aims to present and discuss my thesis project. I plan to study the concrete conditions of production, diffusion and reception of knowledges on digital scholarly platforms in Humanities ... [more ▼]

This contribution aims to present and discuss my thesis project. I plan to study the concrete conditions of production, diffusion and reception of knowledges on digital scholarly platforms in Humanities. This work will especially focus on the four plateforms of the portal OpenEdition: OpenEdition Books, Calenda, Hypothèses and Revues.org. The main problematic is: what are the uses of those platforms, and in what concrete way are they influencing the modes of scientific communication? To start with, I need to highlight the frameworks that structure the digital scholarly texts, that Jeanneret named ‘architexts’ (Davallon & al. 2003, Jeanneret 2014). Such frameworks contribute to configure the digital texts (e. g. with hypertext, flows aggregation), and their uses. Three aspects will then be taken into consideration in my analysis: (I) the articulation of temporal stratums within the plateform: how do archival materials deal with actualities (scientific monitoring, work in progress as grey literature)? What means of contextualization (Treleani 2013) or editorialization (Vitali Rosati 2016) could be given when an old document is used again (e.g. in “epi-revues” that collect scientific papers) ? (II) What are the genres and formats conveyed on the plateform, proper to the Web as blog post, commentary, etc., or still used in other medias as scientific article, advert, etc. (Maingueneau 2013)? (III) Who are the users of those plateforms (researchers, groups, professionals, etc.)? How do they deal with their digital identities? How can they appropriate and diffusing knowledges, by citing, reusing and discussing? How are emerging new ways for research in Humanities, through collective negociation or evaluation, interdisciplinarity – such actions that could be promoted by the technical device of the plateform? This last point will be treated by a philological approach concerning paratexts and quotations (Genette 1982, Compagnon 1979). Other indicators (users’ itineraries, interactions between members, etc.) could also be used, and treated with network’s visualization tool. In summary, this research project aims to explore the means of a digital philology (Crane, Bamann and Jonesin Schreibman 2008; Rastier 2011), not only based on making traditional philology with digital tools (i.e. semantic enrichment of antics or medieval texts), but also on a critical approach of the digital textuality and on an active as well as reflexive contribution from the users in building knowledges. References Davallon, Jean, Marie Després-Lonnet, Yves Jeanneret, Joëlle Le Marec, and Emmanuël Souchier. 2003. Lire, écrire, récrire : Objets, signes et pratiques des médias informatisés. Études et recherche. Paris: Éditions de la Bibliothèque publique d’information. Compagnon, Antoine. 1979. La Seconde main ou le Travail de la citation. Paris: Seuil. Genette, Gérard. 1982. Palimpsestes: La littérature au second degré. Paris: Seuil. Maingueneau, Dominique. 2013. « Genres de discours et web : existe-t-il des genres web ? » In Manuel d’analyse du web en Sciences Humaines et Sociales, 74 93. Paris: Armand Colin. Mounier, Pierre, and Marin Dacos. 2010. L’édition électronique. Paris: La Découverte. Rastier, François. 2011. La mesure et le grain. Sémantique de corpus. Paris: Honoré Champion. Treleani, Matteo. 2014. Mémoires audiovisuelles: les archives en ligne ont-elles un sens? Montréal: PUM. Vitali-Rosati, Marcello. 2016. « What is editorialization? » Sens public, janvier. http://www.sens-public.org/article1059.html, consulté le 10 février 2016. Crane Gregory, David Bamman, and Alison Jonesin Schreibman, “ePhilology: When the Books Talk to Their Readers” in Susan, et Ray Siemens, éd. 2008. Companion to Digital Literary Studies. Oxford: Blackwell Publishing Professional. URL : http://www.digitalhumanities.org/companion/view?docId=blackwell/9781405148641/9781405148641.xml&chunk.id=ss1-4-1&toc.depth=1&toc.id=ss1-4-1&brand=9781405148641_brand. Consulted on 10 fev. 2016.   [less ▲]

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See detailThe Computer in German Literature at the Turn of the Millennium
Dupont, Bruno ULg

Poster (2016, June 09)

This poster shows how the representation of the computer in German literature since 1990 changes the very form and content of literary works. The social importance of the computer challenges the texts on ... [more ▼]

This poster shows how the representation of the computer in German literature since 1990 changes the very form and content of literary works. The social importance of the computer challenges the texts on three levels: their topical organisation, the language used for the transcription of the new reality, and the ideological positioning on new media. [less ▲]

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