Last 7 days
Bookmark and Share    
Full Text
See detailLES CONDITIONS DU COMMUN À L’ÉPREUVE DE SA CONSTRUCTION ; restitution d’une enquête en cours sur la vallée de la Vilaine, Rennes.
Bodart, Céline ULg; Pihet, Valérie

in Lieux Communs (2016), 18(automne),

Dans cette proposition d'article, il sera question de mettre en avant l’originalité et la pertinence de l’approche de Cuesta en tant que lieu de recherche non-institutionnalisé, à partir d’une ... [more ▼]

Dans cette proposition d'article, il sera question de mettre en avant l’originalité et la pertinence de l’approche de Cuesta en tant que lieu de recherche non-institutionnalisé, à partir d’une expérimentation actuellement menée sur le territoire rennais. Cuesta est une structure coopérative récemment formée par une urbaniste et une productrice, et dont l'objectif est de faire intervenir les processus artistiques en amont des projets d'aménagement, pour leur permettre d'impacter sur ceux-ci. Cet article proposera alors une « relecture » des intentions de Cuesta à partir de la théorie politique du philosophe américain, John Dewey, afin de voir comment considérer ce type de travail comme la mise en place de dispositifs d'enquête visant à reconstruire un cadre spécifique d'expérience pour qu'un public puisse s'auto-constituer autour de problématiques situées. De ce croisement entre théorie et pratique, le but sera d'interroger les logiques de constitution du laboratoire au regard de cette approche innovante considérée comme nouveau type de recherche territoriale. [less ▲]

Detailed reference viewed: 10 (0 ULg)
Full Text
See detailCartes, pouvoir, fiction et traduction.
Bodart, Céline ULg

in BONZANI, Stéphane; GUEZ, Alain (Eds.) Représenter la transformation. Temporalités des milieux habités. (2016)

Comment observer le monde en transformation ; comment représenter et se représenter le monde toujours déjà pris dans sa transformation ? Il ne s'agira pas ici de répondre à ces questions, mais de ... [more ▼]

Comment observer le monde en transformation ; comment représenter et se représenter le monde toujours déjà pris dans sa transformation ? Il ne s'agira pas ici de répondre à ces questions, mais de travailler avec elles. Pas de solution inéluctable ni d'annonce de savoirs inédits, juste une déclinaison de ces questions à travers différents champs et pratiques de pensées. Si ces questions de représentation se sont déjà engagées dans le domaine des savoirs cartographiques, il y a à présent lieu de forcer pour d'autres leur traduction, d'abord artistique et ensuite, peut-être, architecturale. [less ▲]

Detailed reference viewed: 11 (0 ULg)
Full Text
Peer Reviewed
See detailThe EU and Brazil in a changing world: strategic partners or competitors?
Santander, Sébastian ULg

in Smith, Michael; Keukeleire, Stephan; Vanhoonacker, Sophie (Eds.) The Diplomatic System of the European Union Evolution, Change and Challenges (2016)

Detailed reference viewed: 65 (25 ULg)
Peer Reviewed
See detailFootball et publicité : les structures sémiotiques de médiation entre deux pratiques de la culture moderne
Bassilua Nzuzi, Anicet ULg

Conference (2016)

One of the questions raised by the meeting of these two practices is about the nature of this interaction soccer-advertising. When scrutinizes closely, one realizes that advertising discourse that unfolds ... [more ▼]

One of the questions raised by the meeting of these two practices is about the nature of this interaction soccer-advertising. When scrutinizes closely, one realizes that advertising discourse that unfolds on the football field seems to strive to incorporate into its narrative codes of this discipline, it tries to reshape at will to fulfill its own pragmatic goals, which are registered in an argumentative persuasive Contract type opposite to those of football, which basically works based on a dichotomous rhetoric and diagram of the test. This can be seen especially through the exploitation by advertisers of functional units of the footballing universe, such players, the ball, the view of the stadium, etc., which they associate with their products. Our work intend to identify and describe the semiotic structures through which football-advertising encounter takes place, so to realize this duplication. We focus on football stadiums. [less ▲]

Detailed reference viewed: 28 (0 ULg)
Full Text
Peer Reviewed
See detailANIMA: A data-sharing initiative for neuroimaging meta-analyses
Reid, Andrew T.; Bzdok, Danilo; Genon, Sarah ULg et al

in NeuroImage (2016)

Detailed reference viewed: 14 (3 ULg)
See detailVilles connectées. Pratiques transnationales, dynamiques identitaires et diversité culturelle.
Bousetta, Hassan ULg; Gsir, Sonia ULg; Jacquemain, Marc ULg et al

Book published by Presses universitaires de Liège (2016)

Les migrations font aujourd’hui partie du quotidien de toutes les grandes métropoles. Par les mouvements qu’elles impriment, elles rapprochent des territoires éloignés et finissent par former des espaces ... [more ▼]

Les migrations font aujourd’hui partie du quotidien de toutes les grandes métropoles. Par les mouvements qu’elles impriment, elles rapprochent des territoires éloignés et finissent par former des espaces sociaux transnationaux connectant pays d’origine et de destination. Les villes post-migratoires sont à bien des égards des lieux de connexion et d’expérimentation. Elles sont le lieu où se tissent des liens complexes entre acteurs et territoires en apparence éloignés. Les pratiques sociales liées à la mobilité humaine s’inscrivent dans la ville, la modifient et façonnent les contours d’une globalisation par le bas. Cet ouvrage rassemble une série de contributions scientifiques originales qui visent à mieux comprendre comment les migrations internationales transforment tant les sociétés d’origine au Sud que les sociétés d’arrivée au Nord. Les différentes recherches présentées ici invitent à se prémunir contre une idée reçue : celle selon laquelle le contact interculturel que produisent la rencontre et la coexistence de populations migrantes et non-migrantes se jouerait uniformément sur le mode de la conflictualité et du rejet. A bien des égards, il se joue aussi sur le mode de la création et du partage, du rapprochement et de l’éloignement. C’est précisément l’une des originalités de cette publication que de considérer les migrants comme des acteurs inventifs et créatifs. En ouvrant une perspective large sur les migrations, le transnationalisme et les identités, l’ouvrage apporte un regard original et ouvre la voie à une meilleure compréhension de ce phénomène contemporain qu’est la construction d’une urbanité transnationale, mobile et diverse. [less ▲]

Detailed reference viewed: 25 (0 ULg)
Full Text
Peer Reviewed
See detailInherited determinants of Crohn's disease and ulcerative colitis phenotypes: a genetic association study
Cleynen, Isabelle; Boucher, Gabrielle; Jostins, Luke et al

in Lancet (2016)

Detailed reference viewed: 470 (15 ULg)
Full Text
Peer Reviewed
See detailCompeting effects of volume change and water uptake on the water retention behaviour of a compacted MX-80 bentonite/sand mixture
Gatabin, Claude; Talandier, Jean; Collin, Frédéric ULg et al

in Applied Clay Science (2016), 121-122

Bentonite-based materials have been studied as potential barriers for the geological disposal of radioactive waste. In this context, the hydro-mechanical behaviour of the engineered barrier is first ... [more ▼]

Bentonite-based materials have been studied as potential barriers for the geological disposal of radioactive waste. In this context, the hydro-mechanical behaviour of the engineered barrier is first characterized by free swelling conditions (as a consequence of the progressive filling of technological gaps) followed by constant volume conditions. This paper presents an experimental study conducted in order to characterize the water retention behaviour of a compacted MX-80 bentonite/sand mixture. The water retention properties upon wetting were investigated under both free swelling and constant volume conditions. In the high suction range, the water content was not influenced by the imposed volume constraints. On the contrary, swelling significantly affected the water retention behaviour at low suctions, and the quantity of water stored was higher under free swelling conditions than it was under prevented swelling. In this case, competing effects between bentonite swelling and water uptake did not lead to an increase of the degree of saturation upon wetting, as it was observed for samples wetted under constant volume conditions. The influence of the very strong hydro-mechanical coupling is further discussed. [less ▲]

Detailed reference viewed: 50 (8 ULg)
Full Text
Peer Reviewed
See detailPolytype Attainability in III-V Semiconductor Nanowires
Johansson, J.; Zanolli, Zeila ULg; Dick, K. A.

in Crystal Growth & Design (2016), 16(1), 371-379

We propose a model that explains the phenomenon of polytypism in metal particle-seeded III-V semiconductor nanowires. The model is based on classical nucleation theory, utilizing the axial next-nearest ... [more ▼]

We propose a model that explains the phenomenon of polytypism in metal particle-seeded III-V semiconductor nanowires. The model is based on classical nucleation theory, utilizing the axial next-nearest-neighbor Ising (ANNNI) model to account for interlayer interaction up to the third nearest-neighboring layer. We investigate the limits of polytypism by varying the ANNNI interaction parameters. These calculations lead to attainability diagrams, which show the regions in interaction energy space where certain polytypes can be attained given that the supersaturation is precisely tuned. We calculate the values of the ANNNI interaction parameters for six common III-V materials from first principles by means of the projector-augmented wave method. We discuss our calculated values in view of previous results. Using these calculated values in our nucleation model, our analysis suggests that besides the commonly observed 3C (zinc blende) and 2H (wurtzite) polytypes the higher order polytypes 4H and 6H can also be attained, in agreement with experimental observations. © 2015 American Chemical Society. [less ▲]

Detailed reference viewed: 8 (0 ULg)
Full Text
Peer Reviewed
See detailLarge predatory marine reptiles from the Albian–Cenomanian of Annopol, Poland
Bardet, Nathalie; Fischer, Valentin ULg; Machalski, Marcin

in Geological Magazine (2016)

During the Early–Late Cretaceous transition, marine ecosystems in Eurasia hosted a diverse set of large predatory reptiles that occupied various niches. However, most of our current knowledge of these ... [more ▼]

During the Early–Late Cretaceous transition, marine ecosystems in Eurasia hosted a diverse set of large predatory reptiles that occupied various niches. However, most of our current knowledge of these animals is restricted to a small number of bonebed-like deposits. Little is known of the geographical and temporal extent of such associations. The middle Albian – middle Cenomanian phosphorite-bearing succession exposed at Annopol, Poland produces numerous ichthyosaurian and plesiosaurian fossils. These are mostly isolated skeletal elements (e.g. teeth, vertebrae), but disarticulated partial skeletons and an articulated, sub vertically embedded ichthyosaur skull are also available. The following taxa are identified: ‘Platypterygius’ sp., cf. Ophthalmosaurinae, Ichthyosauria indet., Polyptychodon interruptus, Pliosauridae indet., Elasmosauridae<indet. and Plesiosauria indet. The large-sized ichthyosaur ‘Platypterygius’ and the pliosaurid Polyptychodon interruptus predominate within the upper Albian – middle Cenomanian deposits. The Annopol record, combined with data from England, France and western Russia, suggests that ‘Platypterygius’ and Polyptychodon interruptus formed a long-term, stable ecological sympatry in marine ecosystems of the European archipelago, at least during the Albian – middle Cenomanian. In addition, the marine reptile assemblage from Annopol is distinct from other Eurasian ecosystems in containing also elasmosaurids in its Albian portion. [less ▲]

Detailed reference viewed: 69 (10 ULg)
See detailPain assessment and treatment
Chatelle, Camille ULg

Conference (2016)

Detailed reference viewed: 8 (0 ULg)
Full Text
Peer Reviewed
See detailFarmers’ Perception and Willingness to Pay for Climate Information in Burkina Faso
Zongo, Bétéo ULg; Diarra, Abdoulaye; Barbier, Bruno et al

in Journal of Agricultural Science (2016), 8

This study highlights the perception and the option value of climate information in the sahelian and sudano-sahelian agro-climatic zones of Burkina Faso. From the sampled farmers only 21.78% have access ... [more ▼]

This study highlights the perception and the option value of climate information in the sahelian and sudano-sahelian agro-climatic zones of Burkina Faso. From the sampled farmers only 21.78% have access to climate information, while 93% of them need climate information to guide through their decision in planning agricultural activities. Option value shows the interest granted by farmers using climate information. About 64% of the farmers are willing to pay an average of Francs CFA 546.34 to obtain climate information. The willingness to pay is determined by the the farmers’ ability to predict the climate, to use radio as a means of information, farmers’ awareness of previous forecasts and early onset of rainy season. While farmers considered benefits from the use of climate information, it is clear that its contribution to farm income remains a field of research to explore. Thus it is necessary to experiment with individual farms and to evaluate the contribution of climate information to the value added in different crops and farmers’ income. [less ▲]

Detailed reference viewed: 22 (2 ULg)
Peer Reviewed
See detailHow climate extremes are affecting the movement of populations in the Asia Pacific region
Gemenne, François ULg; Blocher, Julia ULg; De Longueville, Florence ULg et al

in Price, Susanna; Singer, Jane (Eds.) Global Implications of Development, Disasters and Climate Change: Responses to Displacement from Asia Pacific (2016)

Detailed reference viewed: 51 (13 ULg)
Full Text
Peer Reviewed
See detailInvestigation on possible transmission of monkeys' Plasmodium to human in a populations living in the equatorial rainforest of the Democratic republic of Congo
MVUMBI, Dieudonné; BOBANGA, Thierry; UMESUMBU, Solange et al

in International Journal for Parasitology: parasites and wild life (2016), 5

Plasmodiums are protozoa that may infect various hosts. Only five species are now recognized as naturally parasitizing humans: Plasmodium falciparum, Plasmodium vivax, Plasmodium malariae, Plasmodium ... [more ▼]

Plasmodiums are protozoa that may infect various hosts. Only five species are now recognized as naturally parasitizing humans: Plasmodium falciparum, Plasmodium vivax, Plasmodium malariae, Plasmodium ovale and Plasmodium knowlesi. This fifth species, P. knowlesi, previously identified as naturally parasitizing the monkey Macaca fascicularis, has been microscopically confused for a long time with P. malariae or P. falciparum and it was not possible to correctly differentiate them until the advent of molecular biology. To date, natural human infections with P. knowlesi only occur in Southeast Asia and a similar phenomenon of natural transmission of simian plasmodium to humans has not been reported elsewhere. This study was conducted to investigate a possible transmission of African small monkey's plasmodium to humans in populations living near the rainforest of the Democratic Republic of Congo (DRC) where several species of non-human primates are living. Two successive real-time PCRs were identified in the literature and used in combination for purpose. Only P. falciparum was found in this study. However, studies with larger samples and with more advanced techniques should be conducted. [less ▲]

Detailed reference viewed: 26 (5 ULg)
Full Text
Peer Reviewed
See detailOptimization of a cheap and residential small-scale production of edible crickets with local by-products as an alternative protein-rich human food source in Ratanakiri Province (Cambodia)
Caparros Megido, Rudy ULg; Alabi, Taofic ULg; Nieus, Clément et al

in Journal of the Science of Food and Agriculture (2016)

Background - Health status of the indigenous people of the Ratanakiri Province, Cambodia, is significantly lower compared to the rest of the nation. The domestication and mass production of insects may ... [more ▼]

Background - Health status of the indigenous people of the Ratanakiri Province, Cambodia, is significantly lower compared to the rest of the nation. The domestication and mass production of insects may represent a sustainable, cost effective and high quality alternative source of protein to traditional livestock. This study aimed to optimise a cheap and residential cricket breeding system based on unused wild resources. The cricket development, Teleogryllus testaceus (Walker), under seven diets composed of taro aerial parts, young cassava leaves, young cashew leaves and brown rice flour (with or without banana slices), versus a traditionally used broiler feed diet was studied. Results - Cricket mortality was low in all diets, except the two cashew-based diets. Total biomass was significantly higher under the broiler feed, in addition to the two diets containing a combination of cassava leaf powder and brown rice. Yet, crickets fed with the taro diet had the highest percentage of protein. Concerning the breeding system cost, units using cassava leaves were the cheapest ones. Conclusion – Diets based of cassava leaves seems to be the most promising ones. Nevertheless, to produce crickets with a high body mass and a high protein level, a new experiment must be realised in which the cassava leaf maturity will be adapted to fit with the cricket growth stage. Moreover, to reduce the cost of the breeding units, handmade local products should be used instead of purchased components. [less ▲]

Detailed reference viewed: 59 (23 ULg)
Full Text
Peer Reviewed
See detailTargeting the tricuspid valve: A new therapeutic challenge.
LANCELLOTTI, Patrizio ULg; Fattouch, Khalil; DULGHERU, Raluca Elena ULg

in Archives of cardiovascular diseases (2016)

Detailed reference viewed: 9 (8 ULg)
Full Text
See detailAdaptation : Essai collectif à partir des paradigmes éthologiques et évolutionnistes
Englebert, Jérôme ULg; Follet

Book published by MJW Fédition (2016)

Detailed reference viewed: 32 (3 ULg)
Full Text
Peer Reviewed
See detailIntroduction
Englebert, Jérôme ULg; Follet, Valérie

in Englebert, Jérôme; Follet, Valérie (Eds.) Adaptation : Essai collectif à partir des paradigmes éthologiques et évolutionnistes (2016)

Detailed reference viewed: 18 (1 ULg)
Full Text
Peer Reviewed
See detailConclusion : Anormalité ou anomalie ?
Englebert, Jérôme ULg; Follet, Valérie

in Englebert, Jérôme; Follet, Valérie (Eds.) Adaptation : Essai collectif à partir des paradigmes éthologiques et évolutionnistes (2016)

Detailed reference viewed: 18 (1 ULg)
Full Text
Peer Reviewed
See detailAn approach for detection of glomeruli in multisite digital pathology
Marée, Raphaël ULg; Olivo-Marin, Jean-Christophe; Meas-Yedid, Vannary

in Proceedings International Symposium on Biomedical Imaging (2016)

We present a novel bioimage informatics workflow that combines Icy and Cytomine software and their algorithms to enable large-scale analysis of digital slides from multiple sites. In particular, we apply ... [more ▼]

We present a novel bioimage informatics workflow that combines Icy and Cytomine software and their algorithms to enable large-scale analysis of digital slides from multiple sites. In particular, we apply this workflow on renal biopsies and evaluate empirically our approach for the automatic detection of glomeruli in hundreds of tissue sections. [less ▲]

Detailed reference viewed: 13 (0 ULg)