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See detailLes croyances délétères des patients lombalgiques : revue narrative de la littérature
Demoulin, Christophe ULg; Roussel, Nathalie; Marty, Marc et al

in Revue Médicale de Liège (2016), 71(1), 40-46

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See detailDiboson anomaly: Heavy Higgs resonance and QCD vector-like exotics
Aristizabal Sierra, Diego ULg; Vicente, Avelino; Herrero-Garcia, Juan et al

in Physical Review. D : Particles and Fields (2016), 93

The ATLAS collaboration (and also CMS) has recently reported an excess over Standard Model expectations for gauge boson pair production in the invariant mass region 1.8−2.2 TeV. In the light of these ... [more ▼]

The ATLAS collaboration (and also CMS) has recently reported an excess over Standard Model expectations for gauge boson pair production in the invariant mass region 1.8−2.2 TeV. In the light of these results, we argue that such signal might be the first manifestation of the production and further decay of a heavy CP-even Higgs resulting from a type-I Two Higgs Doublet Model. We demonstrate that in the presence of colored vector-like fermions, its gluon fusion production cross section is strongly enhanced, with the enhancement depending on the color representation of the new fermion states. Our findings show that barring the color triplet case, any QCD "exotic" representation can fit the ATLAS result in fairly large portions of the parameter space. We have found that if the diboson excess is confirmed and this mechanism is indeed responsible for it, then the LHC Run-2 should find: (i) a CP-odd scalar with mass below ∼2.3 TeV, (ii) new colored states with masses below ∼2 TeV, (iii) no statistically significant diboson events in the W±Z channel, (iv) events in the triboson channels W±W∓Z and ZZZ with invariant mass amounting to the mass of the CP-odd scalar. [less ▲]

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See detailCore Outcome Measure Index for low back patients: do we miss anxiety and depression?
Cedraschi, C; Marty, M; Courvoisier, DS et al

in European Spine Journal (2016), 25

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See detailLa Vieille-Montagne (1806-1873). Innovations et mutations dans l'industrie du zinc
Peters, Arnaud ULg

Book published by Éditions de la Province de Liège (2016)

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See detailL'innovation, entre rhétorique et réalité
Peters, Arnaud ULg; Halleux, Robert ULg

Book published by En Poche (Académie-Editions) (2016)

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See detailVirtual Issue celebrating the 100th volume of the Journal of Animal Physiology and Animal Nutrition
Fascetti, A. J.; Everaert, Nadia ULg

in Journal of Animal Physiology and Animal Nutrition (2016), 100(1), 1-2

[No abstract available]

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See detailLong-Baseline Neutrino Facility (LBNF) and Deep Underground Neutrino Experiment (DUNE) Conceptual Design Report, Volume 4 The DUNE Detectors at LBNF
Aristizabal Sierra, Diego ULg

Report (2016)

The LBNF/DUNE CDR describes the proposed physics program and technical designs at the conceptual design stage. At this stage, the design is still undergoing development and the CDR therefore presents a ... [more ▼]

The LBNF/DUNE CDR describes the proposed physics program and technical designs at the conceptual design stage. At this stage, the design is still undergoing development and the CDR therefore presents a reference design for each element as well as alternative designs that are under consideration. [less ▲]

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See detailManaging Chronic Kidney Disease in Older People--Reply
Glassock, rj; DELANAYE, Pierre ULg; El-Nahas, M

in JAMA : Journal of the American Medical Association (2016), 315(3),

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See detailHealth Status, Disability and Retirement Incentives in Belgium
Jousten, Alain ULg; Perelman, Sergio ULg; Lefebvre, Mathieu ULg

in Wise, David (Ed.) Social Security Programs and Retirement around the World: Disability Insurance Programs and Retirement (2016)

Many Belgian retire well before the statutory retirement age. Numerous exit routes from the labor force can be identified: old‐age pensions, conventional early retirement, disability insurance, and ... [more ▼]

Many Belgian retire well before the statutory retirement age. Numerous exit routes from the labor force can be identified: old‐age pensions, conventional early retirement, disability insurance, and unemployment insurance are the most prominent ones. We analyze the retirement decision of Belgian workers adopting an option value framework, and pay special attention to the role of health status. We estimate probit models of retirement using data from SHARE. The results show that health and incentives matter in the decision to exit from the labor market. Based on these results, we simulate the effect of potential reforms on retirement. [less ▲]

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See detailThe ULg Multimodality Drowsiness Database (called DROZY) and Examples of Use
Massoz, Quentin ULg; Langohr, Thomas ULg; François, Clémentine ULg et al

in Proceedings of the 2016 IEEE Winter Conference on Applications of Computer Vision (WACV) (2016)

Drowsiness is a major cause of accidents, in particular in road transportation. It is thus crucial to develop robust drowsiness monitoring systems. There is a widespread agreement that the best way to ... [more ▼]

Drowsiness is a major cause of accidents, in particular in road transportation. It is thus crucial to develop robust drowsiness monitoring systems. There is a widespread agreement that the best way to monitor drowsiness is by closely monitoring symptoms of drowsiness that are directly linked to the physiology of an operator such as a driver. The best systems are completely transparent to the operator until the moment he/she must react. In transportation, cameras placed in the passenger compartment and looking at least at the face of the driver are most likely the best way to sense physiology related symptoms such as facial expressions and the fine behavior of the eyeballs and eyelids. We present here the new database (available on http://www.drozy.ulg.ac.be) called DROZY that provides multiple modalities of data to tackle the design of drowsiness monitoring systems and related experiments. We also present two novel systems developed using this database that can make predictions about the speed of reaction of an operator by using near-infrared intensity and range images of his/her face. [less ▲]

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See detailThermosensitivity of the sex differentiation process in the African catfish, Clarias gariepinus: Determination of the thermosensitive period
Santi, Saïdou ULg; Gennotte, Vincent ULg; Toguyeni, Aboubacar et al

in Aquaculture (2016), 455

Gonadal sex differentiation in gonochoristic fish is generally labile and under the control of two interacting processes: genetic sex determination (GSD) and environmental sex determination (ESD ... [more ▼]

Gonadal sex differentiation in gonochoristic fish is generally labile and under the control of two interacting processes: genetic sex determination (GSD) and environmental sex determination (ESD). Numerous experimental studies deal with temperature induced-sex differentiation in teleosts, but none focused on the African catfish Clarias gariepinus. The aim of this study was to confirm the thermosensitivity of the sex differentiation process and to determine the thermosensitive period during the African catfish development. Fish were exposed to high temperature (36 °C) for 3 days at different periods during ontogenesis. The treatment was applied every 3 days from fertilization until 29 days post-hatching (dph). Before and after the thermal treatment, fish were reared at 28 °C. Gonadal development was histologically characterized on fish sampled at 10, 15, 20, 25, 35, 45, 55 and 70 dph. Our results demonstrated that the African catfish displays a thermosensitivity of the sex differentiation process, with a masculinizing effect of high temperature (36 °C). The most thermosensitive period extended from 6 to 8 dph. Fish batches exposed to 36 °C during this period showed a sex-ratio skewed towards the male phenotype, ranging from 58 to 100% (high inter-familial variability). The African catfish gonads (male and female) stayed histologically undifferentiated until 20 dph. Obvious signs of gonadal differentiation clearly appeared at 25 dph in females and at 45 dph in males. Variability in sex-ratios between progenies and in the response to thermal treatment suggests a role of minor genetic factors and interactions between genomic and environmental determinants in the expression of the sexual phenotype. Statement of relevance: 1. This paper provides novel methods to control African catfish Clarias gariepinus sex differentiation through high temperature exposure and then to produce all-male populations. 2. Our work underlines the possibility to significantly reduce high temperature (masculinizing effect) treatment period to 3 days and consequently increase survival rate of progenies after treatment. 3. This study also shows the inter-family variability of thermosensitivity on the sex differentiation process in Clarias gariepinus. [less ▲]

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See detailAVK en hémodialyse-Rôle, attentes et conséquences cardio vasculaires
DELANAYE, Pierre ULg

Conference given outside the academic context (2016)

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See detailUnveiling Network and Service Performance Degradation in the Wild with mPlane
Casas, Pedro; Fiadino, Pierdomenico; Wassermann, Sarah ULg et al

in IEEE Communications Magazine - Network Testing Series (2016)

Unveiling network and service performance issues in complex and highly decentralized systems such as the Internet is a major challenge. Indeed, the Internet is based on decentralization and diversity ... [more ▼]

Unveiling network and service performance issues in complex and highly decentralized systems such as the Internet is a major challenge. Indeed, the Internet is based on decentralization and diversity. However, its distributed nature leads to operational brittleness and difficulty in identifying the root causes of performance degradation. In such a context, network measurements are a fundamental pillar to shed light and to unveil design and implementation defects. To tackle this fragmentation and visibility problem, we have recently conceived mPlane, a distributed measurement platform which runs, collects and analyses traffic measurements to study the operation and functioning of the Internet. In this paper, we show the potentiality of the mPlane approach to unveil network and service degradation issues in live, operational networks, involving both fixed-line and cellular networks. In particular, we combine active and passive measurements to troubleshoot problems in end-customer Internet access connections, or to automatically detect and diagnose anomalies in Internet-scale services (e.g., YouTube) which impact a large number of end-users. [less ▲]

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See detailFire Fragility Curves for Steel Buildings in a Community Context: A Methodology
Gernay, Thomas ULg; Elhami Khorasani, Negar; Garlock, Maria

in Engineering Structures (2016)

This paper proposes a novel methodology for developing fire fragility functions for an entire steel building - meaning that the function is not specific to a location within the building. The aim is to ... [more ▼]

This paper proposes a novel methodology for developing fire fragility functions for an entire steel building - meaning that the function is not specific to a location within the building. The aim is to characterize the probabilistic vulnerability of steel buildings to fire in the context of community resilience assessment. In developing the fragility functions, uncertainties in the fire model, the heat transfer model and the thermo-mechanical response are considered. In addition several fire scenarios at different locations in the building are studied. Monte Carlo Simulations and Latin Hypercube Sampling are used to generate the probability distributions of demand placed on the members and structural capacity relative to selected damage thresholds. By assessing demand and capacity in the temperature domain, the thermal and the structural problems can be treated separately to improve the efficiency of the probabilistic analysis. After the probability distributions are obtained for demand and capacity, the fragility functions can be obtained by convolution of the distributions. Finally, event tree analysis is used to combine the functions associated with fire scenarios in different building locations. The developed fire fragility functions yield the probability of exceedance of predefined damage states as a function of the fire load in the building. The methodology is illustrated on an example consisting in a prototype nine-story steel building based on the SAC project. [less ▲]

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See detailQuasi-periodic injections of relativistic electrons in Saturn's outer magnetosphere
Roussos, E.; Krupp, N.; Mitchell, D. G. et al

in Icarus (2016), 263

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See detailLoadbearing capacity criteria in fire resistance testing
Dumont, Fabien ULg; Wellens, Eric ULg; Gernay, Thomas ULg et al

in Materials and Structures (2016)

The European system for fire testing and classification of loadbearing building elements lacks consistency because the two standards that have to be applied prescribe different criteria for assessing the ... [more ▼]

The European system for fire testing and classification of loadbearing building elements lacks consistency because the two standards that have to be applied prescribe different criteria for assessing the loadbearing performance. This article analyzes the implications of the present conflict between the standard for testing and the standard for classification. The prescribed criteria for loadbearing performance are related to the exceedance of deflection and rate of deflection thresholds. A database of 46 fire resistance tests performed at the University of Liege is collected that contains the time at which these thresholds are reached in fire tests with different typologies of elements (walls, floors, columns and beams). Then, the loadbearing performance (and hence the fire resistance rating) can be derived according to the two standards. The evolutions of deflection and rate of deflection during the tests are also analyzed to gain a better understanding of the adequacy of the standards. The selection of one or the other standard affects the time at which “failure” is deemed to occur in fire tests. Statistically speaking, the difference in terms of failure time that results from using one or the other standard has a 25% probability to exceed 10%. In certain cases, this results in a difference in fire resistance rating; this was observed for 3 of the analyzed tests. The apparent contradiction in two codes in application has potential practical implications and therefore needs to be solved. The article suggests some guidelines for defining homogenized and consistent criteria. [less ▲]

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See detailHow much does the Dallas Pain Questionnaire score have to improve to indicate that patients with chronic low back pain feel better or well?
Marty, M; Courvoisier, D; Foltz, V et al

in European Spine Journal (2016), 25

Purpose: The Dallas Pain Questionnaire (DPQ) assesses the impact of low back pain (LBP) on four components (0–100) of daily life. We estimated the minimal clinically important improvement (MCII) and the ... [more ▼]

Purpose: The Dallas Pain Questionnaire (DPQ) assesses the impact of low back pain (LBP) on four components (0–100) of daily life. We estimated the minimal clinically important improvement (MCII) and the patient acceptable symptom state (PASS) values of DPQ in LBP patients. Methods: 142 patients with LBP lasting for at least 4 weeks completed a battery of questionnaires at baseline and 6 months later. Questions for MCII addressed patientreported response to treatment at 6 months on a five-point Likert scale, while a yes/no question concerning satisfaction with present state was used to determine PASS. MCII wascomputed as the difference in mean DPQ scores between patients reporting treatment as effective vs. patients reporting treatment as not effective, and PASS was computed as the third quartile of the DPQ score among patients who reported being satisfied with their present state. Results: MCII values were 22, 23, 2 and 10 for daily activities, work and leisure, social interest, and anxiety/depression, respectively. PASS values were 29, 23, 20 and 21 for the four components, respectively. The PASS total score threshold of 24 correctly classified 84.1 % of the patients who reported being unsatisfied with their present state, and 74.7 % of patients reported being satisfied. Conclusions: These values give information of paramount importance for clinicians in interpreting change in DPQ values over time. Authors should be encouraged to report the percentage of patients who reach MCII and PASS values in randomized clinical trials and cohort studies to help clinicians to interpret clinical results. [less ▲]

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See detailPresse: Mon enfant bégaie: Que faire ? L'invité de votre région, RCF Radio
Leclercq, Anne-Lise ULg

Diverse speeche and writing (2016)

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See detailModeling heat stress under different environmental conditions
Carabano, Maria-Jesus; Logar, Betka; Bormann, Jeanne et al

in Journal of Dairy Science (2016)

Renewed interest in heat stress effects on livestock productivity derives from climate change, which is expected to increase temperatures and the frequency of extreme weather events. This study aimed at ... [more ▼]

Renewed interest in heat stress effects on livestock productivity derives from climate change, which is expected to increase temperatures and the frequency of extreme weather events. This study aimed at evaluating the effect of temperature and humidity on milk production in highly selected dairy cattle populations across three European regions differing in climate and production systems to detect differences and similarities that can be used to optimize heat stress (HS) effect modeling. Milk, fat and protein test day data from official milk recording for years 1999 to 2010 in four Holstein populations located in the Walloon Region of Belgium (BEL), Luxembourg (LUX), Slovenia (SLO) and Southern Spain (SPA) were merged with temperature and humidity data provided by the state meteorological agencies. After merging, the number of test day records/cows per trait ranged from 686,726/49,655 in SLO to 1,982,047/136,746 in BEL. Values for the daily average and maximum temperature and humidity index (THIavg and THImax) ranges for THIavg/THImax were largest in SLO (22-74/28-84) in SLO and shortest in SPA (39-76/46-83). Change point techniques were used to determine comfort thresholds, which differed across traits and climatic regions. Milk yield showed an inverted U shaped pattern of response across the THI scale with a HS threshold around 73 THImax units. For fat and protein, thresholds were lower than for milk yield and were shifted around 6 THI units towards larger values in SPA compared with the other countries. Fat showed lower HS thresholds than protein traits in all countries. The traditional broken line model was compared to quadratic and cubic fits of the pattern of response in production to increasing heat loads. A cubic polynomial model allowing for individual variation in patterns of response and THIavg as heat load measure showed the best statistical features. Higher/lower producing animals showed less/more persistent production (quantity and quality) across the THI scale. The estimated correlations between comfort and THIavg values of 70 (which represents the upper end of the THIavg scale in BEL-LUX) were lower for BEL-LUX (0.70 - 0.80) than for SPA (0.83 - 0.85). Overall, animals producing in the more temperate climates and semi-extensive grazing systems of BEL and LUX showed HS at lower heat loads and more re-ranking across the THI scale than animals producing in the warmer climate and intensive indoor system of SPA. [less ▲]

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