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See detailCarbon xerogels as model materials: toward a relationship between pore texture and electrochemical behavior as anodes for lithium-ion batteries
Piedboeuf, Marie-Laure ULg; Léonard, Alexandre ULg; Deschamps, Fabien ULg et al

in Journal of Materials Science (2016)

The mechanisms of Li+ insertion in porous hard carbons used as anodes for Li-ion batteries are still a matter of debate, especially considering the divergence of electrochemical performances observed in ... [more ▼]

The mechanisms of Li+ insertion in porous hard carbons used as anodes for Li-ion batteries are still a matter of debate, especially considering the divergence of electrochemical performances observed in literature. Since these materials usually exhibit several levels of porosity, the pore texture vs. electrochemical behavior relationship is difficult to establish. In this paper, we propose to use carbon xerogels, prepared from aqueous resorcinol-formaldehyde mixtures, as model materials for Li-ion battery anodes to study the influence of the pore texture on the overall electrochemical behavior. Indeed, carbon xerogels are described as microporous nodules linked together to form meso- or macroporous voids inside a 3D gel structure; the size of these voids can be tuned by changing the synthesis conditions without affecting other parameters such as the micropore volume. The materials are chosen so as to obtain identical average particle sizes, homogeneous coatings with similar thicknesses and a comparable surface chemistry. The electrochemical behavior of carbon xerogels as Li-ion anodes are correlated with the surface accessible to the electrolyte and are not dependent on the total specific surface area calculated by the BET method from nitrogen adsorption isotherms. The key parameter proposed to understand their behavior is the external surface area of the nodules, which corresponds to the surface of the meso/macropores. [less ▲]

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See detailSemantic relatedness of the memoranda prevents older adults from benefitting from unitization
Delhaye, Emma ULg; Tibon, Roni; Gronau, Nurit et al

Poster (2016)

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See detailAccelerating chemoselective peptide bond formation using bis(2-selenylethyl)amido peptide selenoester surrogates
Raibaut, Laurent; Cargoët, Marine; Ollivier, Nathalie et al

in Chemical Science (2016)

Given the potential of peptide selenoesters for protein total synthesis and the paucity of methods for the synthesis of these sensitive peptide derivatives, we sought to explore the usefulness of the bis ... [more ▼]

Given the potential of peptide selenoesters for protein total synthesis and the paucity of methods for the synthesis of these sensitive peptide derivatives, we sought to explore the usefulness of the bis(2-selenylethyl)amido (SeEA) group, i.e. the selenium analog of the bis(2-sulfanylethyl)amido (SEA) group, for accelerating peptide bond formation. A chemoselective exchange process operating in water was devised for converting SEA peptides into the SeEA ones. Kinetic studies show that SeEA ligation, which relies on an initial N,Se-acyl shift process, proceeds significantly faster than SEA ligation. This property enabled the design of a kinetically controlled three peptide segment assembly process based on the sequential use of SeEA and SEA ligation reactions. The method was validated by the total synthesis of hepatocyte growth factor K1 (85 AA) and biotinylated NK1 (180 AA) domains [less ▲]

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See detailChildren on the Move in Africa. Past and Present Experiences of Migration
Razy, Elodie ULg; Rodet, Marie

Book published by James Currey (2016)

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See detailDans les coulisses du pouvoir décisionnel : le rôle des organisations internationales dans l'expansion du financement basé sur les résultats dans les pays à faible et à moyen revenu
Turcotte-Tremblay, Anne-Marie; Gautier, Lara; Bodson, Oriane ULg et al

in En Finir avec le New Public Management? De nouvelles perspectives pour l’action publique (2016)

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See detailTowards Generic Image Classification using Tree-based Learning: an Extensive Empirical Study
Marée, Raphaël ULg; Geurts, Pierre ULg; Wehenkel, Louis ULg

in Pattern Recognition Letters (2016)

This paper considers the general problem of image classification without using any prior knowledge about image classes. We study variants of a method based on supervised learning whose common steps are ... [more ▼]

This paper considers the general problem of image classification without using any prior knowledge about image classes. We study variants of a method based on supervised learning whose common steps are the extraction of random subwindows described by raw pixel intensity values and the use of ensemble of extremely randomized trees to directly classify images or to learn image features. The influence of method parameters and variants is thoroughly evaluated so as to provide baselines and guidelines for future studies. Detailed results are provided on 80 publicly available datasets that depict very diverse types of images (more than 3800 image classes and over 1.5 million images). [less ▲]

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See detailNetworks of prospective thoughts: the organisational role of emotion and its impact on well-being
Demblon, Julie ULg; D'Argembeau, Arnaud ULg

in Cognition & Emotion (2016), 30

Recent research has shown that many prospective thoughts are organised in networks of related events, but the relational dimensions that contribute to the formation of such networks are not fully ... [more ▼]

Recent research has shown that many prospective thoughts are organised in networks of related events, but the relational dimensions that contribute to the formation of such networks are not fully understood. Here, we investigated the organisational role of emotion by using cues of different valence for eliciting event networks. We found that manipulating the emotional valence of cues influenced the characteristics of events within networks, and that members of a network were more similar to each other on affective components than they were to members of other networks. Furthermore, a substantial proportion of events within networks were part of thematic clusters and cluster membership significantly modulated the impact of represented events on current well-being, in part through an intensification of the emotion felt when thinking about these events. These findings demonstrate that emotion contributes to the organisation of future thoughts in networks that can affect people’s well-being. [less ▲]

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See detailReview of Véronique Maisier’s Violence in Caribbean Literature: Stories of Stones and Blood
Ledent, Bénédicte ULg

in Nieuwe West-Indische Gids = New West Indian Guide (2016), 90(3&4),

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See detailSurfactant-assisted ultrasonic spray pyrolysis of hematite mesoporous thin films
Henrist, Catherine ULg; Toussaint, Caroline ULg; De Vroede, Jordan et al

in Microporous and Mesoporous Materials (2016), 221

Mesoporous crystalline hematite is a material difficult to prepare by soft-templating with conventional techniques, because of its high crystallization temperature associated to the crystal-to-crystal ... [more ▼]

Mesoporous crystalline hematite is a material difficult to prepare by soft-templating with conventional techniques, because of its high crystallization temperature associated to the crystal-to-crystal goethiteto-hematite phase transition. In a previous work, it has been reported that with very careful calcination steps, it is possible to prepare mesoporous hematite films with the spin-coating technique. However, with less conventional techniques such as surfactant-assisted ultrasonic spray pyrolysis, the deposition usually leads to non-porous oxide films or to films with interstitial porosity. In this work, we demonstrate for the first time the proof-of-concept of block-copolymer templating of hematite thin films by the ultrasonic spray pyrolysis technique. Despite the fast thermal decomposition during spray deposition, a regular, monodisperse packing of spherical pores is observed after deposition on pre-heated substrates (250 C) and after a careful post-annealing step at 470 C. Moreover, with the use of a silica scaffold, we successfully preserved porosity up to a temperature as high as 800 C. These films are highly crystalline and they are composed by randomly oriented nanocrystallites with sizes as small as 25 nm. Furthermore, we show that the crystallization evolution with temperature is influenced by the presence of the templating agent and also by the preparation technique. [less ▲]

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See detailintroduction et inter-duction; les règles du jeu.
Bodart, Céline ULg

in YOUNES, Chris; BONNAUD, Xavier; Bodart, Céline (Eds.) Encore l'architecture, encore la philosophie. (2016)

The international conference « encore l'architecture – encore la philosophie » is an initiative of the GERPHAU lab, research group for Philosophy, Architecture, Urban (Architecture School of Paris La ... [more ▼]

The international conference « encore l'architecture – encore la philosophie » is an initiative of the GERPHAU lab, research group for Philosophy, Architecture, Urban (Architecture School of Paris La Villette, UMR 7218 CNRS-Lavue), in partnership with Cité de l'architecture et du patrimoine, UMR-Lavue (Laboratoire Architecture, Ville, Urbanisme, Environnement) and philAU (a scientific thematic network : Philosophy, Architecture, Urban). This conference is the first ARENA conference (Architectural Research in Europe Network Association), a shared platform that aims to promote, support, develop and disseminate high-quality research in all fields of architecture in the widest sense. The network already includes researchers from leading European architecture schools. Synopsis. In Paris in 1987, a first event was held to celebrate the meeting of two disciplinary fields, entitled “Mesure pour mesure, architecture et philosophie”. Architects and philosophers were invited to discuss together how philosophy could capture better what determines architecture itself. Now, on the occasion of a new international conference, the GERPHAU Lab seeks to restate and refresh the question of the meeting of architecture and philosophy, by asking: what still remains today of our cross-over practices? ENCORE L'ARCHITECTURE, ENCORE LA PHILOSOPHIE. To build together these reflections about the future of our respective practices, why don't we hold to the hypothesis that our recent histories, in architecture as well as philosophy, could be written through the addition of a few prefixes? In linguistics, a prefix does not only serve the formation of a new word: it also regenerates the question of the meaning of the word. It is a discursive invention and its real strength lies in its ability to engage a new type of relationship with the world. Re-, alter-, eco-, co-, bio-, etc., these prefixes have clung to both our discourses as well as our disciplines. But in what way do they question the meaning of our practices? In archi-tecture as in philo-sophy, how do these successive re-definitions put the fundamentals into question, and how do they disturb their alleged unity inherited from Ancient Greece? And, moreover, how does the over-use of prefixes help us to understand what still makes sense in philosophy, or what still makes sense in architecture? The key issue of this conference, ‘Encore l'architecture, Encore la philosophie’, will be to trace backwards the stream of architectural and philosophical ideas through the thematic of the prefix as constituting a form of narrative. The conference will aim to trace the paths of their development, and other influencing factors, so as to return to those meetings between architecture and philosophy which already have oriented, re-oriented and sometimes dis-oriented our speech. It will be a meeting at which we invite participants to retell the story of our disciplines in order to grasp what it is still unique today about our practices. [less ▲]

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See detailBrentano, la théorie des catégories et la définition de la substance
Boccaccini, Federico ULg

in Etudes Philosophiques (2016)

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See detailMagnetic Shielding with Bulk High Temperature Superconductors: Improvement of the Shielded Volume in Hollow Cylinders
Wera, Laurent ULg; Fagnard, Jean-François ULg; Hogan, Kevin ULg et al

in Muralidhar, Miryala (Ed.) Superconductivity: Applications Today and Tomorrow (2016)

The superconducting HTS hollow cylinder has been one of the first geometries to demonstrate its utility as an efficient passive magnetic shield, and particularly for DC magnetic shielding. The shielding ... [more ▼]

The superconducting HTS hollow cylinder has been one of the first geometries to demonstrate its utility as an efficient passive magnetic shield, and particularly for DC magnetic shielding. The shielding performances can be characterized by two parameters: (i) the shielding factor SF, defined as the ratio between the applied magnetic induction Bapp and the magnetic induction inside the shield Bin and (ii) the threshold induction Blim for which the shielding factor becomes lower than a given level. The main drawback of the hollow cylinder geometry is that the shielding is only effective in the central region of the tube and decreases towards the tube extremities because of the field penetration through the open ends. In order to improve the performances at tube extremities and hence increase the shielded volume, the tube should be closed. This can be achieved by using a superconducting vessel or by closing one or both extremities with a cap. This chapter describes the experimental and the numerical analysis of the DC shielding performances of a Bi-2223 tube closed by a superconducting Bi-2223 cap, for an axial configuration. The first part is dedicated to the experimental study of two tubes of different lengths when they are closed at one extremity or closed at both extremities. We also study the effect of the gap size between the cap and the tube. In the second part, we use numerical simulations to highlight the possible improvements and to optimize the design. In particular we study the influence of the critical current density and of the thickness of the cap. [less ▲]

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See detail2015 ESC Guidelines for the management of infective endocarditis.
Habib, Gilbert; LANCELLOTTI, Patrizio ULg; Antunes, Manuel J. et al

in Revista espanola de cardiologia (English ed.) (2016), 69(1), 69

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See detailLES CONDITIONS DU COMMUN À L’ÉPREUVE DE SA CONSTRUCTION ; restitution d’une enquête en cours sur la vallée de la Vilaine, Rennes.
Bodart, Céline ULg; Pihet, Valérie

in Lieux Communs (2016), 18(automne),

Dans cette proposition d'article, il sera question de mettre en avant l’originalité et la pertinence de l’approche de Cuesta en tant que lieu de recherche non-institutionnalisé, à partir d’une ... [more ▼]

Dans cette proposition d'article, il sera question de mettre en avant l’originalité et la pertinence de l’approche de Cuesta en tant que lieu de recherche non-institutionnalisé, à partir d’une expérimentation actuellement menée sur le territoire rennais. Cuesta est une structure coopérative récemment formée par une urbaniste et une productrice, et dont l'objectif est de faire intervenir les processus artistiques en amont des projets d'aménagement, pour leur permettre d'impacter sur ceux-ci. Cet article proposera alors une « relecture » des intentions de Cuesta à partir de la théorie politique du philosophe américain, John Dewey, afin de voir comment considérer ce type de travail comme la mise en place de dispositifs d'enquête visant à reconstruire un cadre spécifique d'expérience pour qu'un public puisse s'auto-constituer autour de problématiques situées. De ce croisement entre théorie et pratique, le but sera d'interroger les logiques de constitution du laboratoire au regard de cette approche innovante considérée comme nouveau type de recherche territoriale. [less ▲]

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See detailCartes, pouvoir, fiction et traduction.
Bodart, Céline ULg

in BONZANI, Stéphane; GUEZ, Alain (Eds.) Représenter la transformation. Temporalités des milieux habités. (2016)

Comment observer le monde en transformation ; comment représenter et se représenter le monde toujours déjà pris dans sa transformation ? Il ne s'agira pas ici de répondre à ces questions, mais de ... [more ▼]

Comment observer le monde en transformation ; comment représenter et se représenter le monde toujours déjà pris dans sa transformation ? Il ne s'agira pas ici de répondre à ces questions, mais de travailler avec elles. Pas de solution inéluctable ni d'annonce de savoirs inédits, juste une déclinaison de ces questions à travers différents champs et pratiques de pensées. Si ces questions de représentation se sont déjà engagées dans le domaine des savoirs cartographiques, il y a à présent lieu de forcer pour d'autres leur traduction, d'abord artistique et ensuite, peut-être, architecturale. [less ▲]

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See detailThe EU and Brazil in a changing world: strategic partners or competitors?
Santander, Sébastian ULg

in Smith, Michael; Keukeleire, Stephan; Vanhoonacker, Sophie (Eds.) The Diplomatic System of the European Union Evolution, Change and Challenges (2016)

Detailed reference viewed: 65 (25 ULg)