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See detailInnovative silage additives to reduce proteolysis in the silo
Herremans, Sophie ULg; Decruyenaere, Virginie; Beckers, Yves ULg et al

Poster (2017, May 10)

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See detailSmart-shoes self-powered by walking
Colson, Gérald ULg; Laurent, Philippe ULg; Bellier, Pierre ULg et al

Poster (2017, May 10)

Nowadays, electronic devices are more and more compact and can be integrated in nearly every object. One of the remaining challenges is to provide smarter ways to power those electronic devices. Because ... [more ▼]

Nowadays, electronic devices are more and more compact and can be integrated in nearly every object. One of the remaining challenges is to provide smarter ways to power those electronic devices. Because of the small amount of energy needed by the latest ultra-low power systems, energy harvesting from the environment becomes a viable solution to power them. In this work, we present the integration of an electronic device and an electrodynamic energy harvester (EH) in a shoe. The electronic device measures the acceleration along one axis at a sampling rate of 30 Hz and sends the data every second using a wireless link. The data are then collected by a gateway and processed to count the number of steps, calculate the contact time and the flying time of the foot. To perform this function, the device requires an average power of 951 μW which is provided by the EH. [less ▲]

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See detailEnergy product and magnetic properties of strontium hexagonal ferrite: experimental and theoretical investigation
Abraime, Brahim; Ait Tamerd, Mohamed; Mahmoud, Abdelfattah ULg et al

Conference (2017, May 10)

The interest toward hard magnetic materials increases in the last years. In order to have the best magnetic properties of these materials, researchers count on the efficiency of different synthesis ... [more ▼]

The interest toward hard magnetic materials increases in the last years. In order to have the best magnetic properties of these materials, researchers count on the efficiency of different synthesis methods. In permanent magnets application, ferrite materials possess a good place among the other magnet families. In permanent magnets field, the more important parameter that describes the magnetic strength of a magnet is the maximum energy product (BH)max. A strong permanent magnet has an important value of (BH)max. In this work, we will study the effect of annealing temperature on maximum energy product and other magnetic properties of Strontium hexaferrite SrFe12O19 synthesized using sol-gel autocombustion method, with different annealing temperatures, characterized using Thermogravimetric analysis (TGA), X-ray diffraction (XRD), scanning electron microscopy (SEM), Mössbauer spectroscopy (MS) and superconducting quantum interference device magnetometer (SQUID). Ab initio calculation for magnetic properties is also performed in order to compare it with low temperature experimental results. [less ▲]

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See detailCaractérisation des amidons de sorgho et de mil perlé cultivés dans le Sahara algérien
Boudries, Nadia ULg

Doctoral thesis (2017)

Starches of sorghum (Sorghum bicolor (L.) Moench) and pearl millet (Pennisetum glaucum (L.)) cultivated in Tidikelt (In Salah) and Ahaggar (Tamanrasset), were the subject of a characterization study. The ... [more ▼]

Starches of sorghum (Sorghum bicolor (L.) Moench) and pearl millet (Pennisetum glaucum (L.)) cultivated in Tidikelt (In Salah) and Ahaggar (Tamanrasset), were the subject of a characterization study. The approach consists of the isolation of starches, the determination of physico-chemical and functional properties and the study of enzymatic hydrolysis modification. The starches with a rate ranging from 63.1 to 66.8 % were isolated according to the alkaline method. The purity of the obtained starches is satisfactory (91.4-96.7 %).However the extraction yield remains average (59.1-61.2 %). The physical properties (color, shape and size of the granules), chemical composition (moisture, starch and amylose) and rheological properties (solubility, swelling power and viscosity) of the isolated starches were determined. Important results were obtained highlighting interesting functional properties of these starches. Indeed, the average diameter of native starches granules had reached 18 and 10µm for sorghum and pearl millet respectively. These values are lower than those of others regions cultivars and close to those of corn and cassava. The amylose content (23.0 and 27.1 %) revealed that the analyzed cereals are normal varieties. The analysis of viscosity showed a very high peak viscosity that is reached rapidly. The DSC analysis has revealed higher gelatinization temperatures, attributed to high maturity temperatures. The X-rays diffraction patterns show the type A characteristic of cereals and allowed deducing the relative degrees of cristallinity. The kinetic studies of hydrolysis showed that the sorghum and pearl millet starches present susceptibility for hydrolysis in presence of fungal, bacterial and human amylases. However, this susceptibility varies according to the treatment used with the integral grinding (flour) and to enzyme source. The experimental conditions allowing to enzymatic hydrolysis reactions of isolated starches to follow the Michaelis-Menten model were determined and kinetic constants (KM and Vmax) were calculated. The HPAEC-PAD profiles of oligosaccharides in sorghum starches hydrolysates were determinated for highlight the amylases activities. The study demonstrated the potential of sorghum and pearl millet starches and considers their applications and bioprocessing. [less ▲]

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See detailDécrets Présidentiels portant création du PNPS et nomination de son Directeur
Manzambi Kuwekita, Joseph ULg

Scientific conference (2017, May 09)

Social Protection refers to all mechanisms of (i) prevention, (ii) protection and collective as well as (iii) promotion or social rehabilitation for individuals and households to support social risks ... [more ▼]

Social Protection refers to all mechanisms of (i) prevention, (ii) protection and collective as well as (iii) promotion or social rehabilitation for individuals and households to support social risks. Social Protection in the DRC is not a recent concern. Well before independence, a series of initiatives and devices had been implemented by the Belgian kingdom. Upon its accession to independence, the DRC became a member of the ILO. More than 80% of the population of the DRC has no social protection coverage. To remedy this, the Congolese Government has implemented the PNPS (National program of support to Social Protection (PNPS) in November 2005, with 5 missions: (i) extend the coverage of social protection, (ii) improve the quality of social services, (iii) establish and maintain a system of coverage of health care, (iv) contribute to the work of reform with the appointed commission, (v) make effective social protection for all. The formulation of the National Social Protection policy is one of the assignments entrusted to the Council of the PNPS, which the Minister of social security is the President. The Secretariat of the Council of the PNPS is managed by its Director. The two presidential decrees here presented deal about (i) the creation of the PNPS and (ii) the appointment of its Director, both signed in November 24, 2005. [less ▲]

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See detailParticipative Management as a Key Success Factor in Merger and Acquisition
Souply-Pierrard, Fernand; Robert, Jocelyne ULg

E-print/Working paper (2017)

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See detailValidation of a simplfied method for the crashworthiness of offshore wind turbine jackets using finite elements simulations
Pire, Timothée ULg; Echeverry Jaramillo, Sara ULg; Rigo, Philippe ULg et al

in Guedes Soares, Carlos; Garbatov, Yordan (Eds.) Progress in the Analysis and Design of Marine Structures (2017, May 08)

The work presented in this paper focuses on crashworthiness of jacket foundations used to support offshore wind turbines in moderately deep waters. In a previous research work, the authors have developed ... [more ▼]

The work presented in this paper focuses on crashworthiness of jacket foundations used to support offshore wind turbines in moderately deep waters. In a previous research work, the authors have developed a solver based on analytical formulations, derived from limit plastic analysis, to assess the damage of such foundations when impacted by a ship. The present paper describes the methodology followed to perform numerical validations of the theoretical developments, including a description of the finite element models, the computation hypotheses and the simulations performed using LS-DYNA code. Many parameters describing the collision scenario are investigated, namely the type, the mass, the initial velocity and the trajectory of the striking ship. Some comparisons between analytical and numerical results are finally shown. [less ▲]

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See detailGlucose production: influence of the datasets and of the long term emissions on LCA results
Gerbinet, Saïcha ULg; Belboom, Sandra ULg; Léonard, Angélique ULg

Poster (2017, May 08)

The aim of this study is to have a good understanding of the environmental impact of glucose production. Glucose is generally produced from corn or wheat. Since agricultural processes are known to be ... [more ▼]

The aim of this study is to have a good understanding of the environmental impact of glucose production. Glucose is generally produced from corn or wheat. Since agricultural processes are known to be difficult to evaluate by LCA, the results obtained with two different LCA databases, Gabi and EcoInvent, are compared in this work. The production of glucose from raw materials can be divided in two steps: the agricultural step allowing the cereal production, and the conversion step including the extraction of the starch from the plant and its hydrolysis into glucose. Preliminary results underline the high impact of the agricultural step, so a special attention has been paid to these data. Specific Belgian data collected by the Walloon Agricultural Research Centre (CRA-W) (2014) [1] have been used as primary data (yield, amount of fertilizers, etc.), either using EcoInvent or Gabi datasets background data to model fertilizers, diesel consumption, etc. A third model was built using only data available in Ecoinvent for corn and wheat cultures. For the conversion steps, literature data have been used along with some industrial data. Based on these multiple sources, it is possible to compare the LCA results for the production of 1 kg of glucose for three different cases. The results underlined that the differences between the two databases are smaller than the differences between specific data (Belgium data) or non-specific data (Ecoinvent) for the agricultural steps. Nevertheless, in some impact categories, the differences between the two databases remain high. The presentation will underline where these differences are coming from. This leads to also analyze the differences between background data such as energy generation or fertilizer production. Moreover, special attention has been put on the influence of long-term emissions, in the Ecoinvent database. As these emissions have a large influence in some impact categories, we have to clarify if we should include them or not in view of comparison with GaBi database. Moreover, the Ecoinvent model and the GaBi models have been realized in two different software (Simapro and GaBi, respectively), therefore, some checks have been performed to see if some differences can be induced by the software. In conclusion, this presentation will underline which is the sensibility of the results to parameters not controlled by the LCA practitioner, such as the datasets hypotheses, the software differences, etc. 1. Walloon Agricultural Research Centre (CRA-W), ALT4CER project. 2014. [less ▲]

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See detailCardinal Lorenzo Pucci and the Reform
Trizzullo, Eva ULg

Scientific conference (2017, May 08)

Born in Florence in 1458, Lorenzo Pucci comes from a family who had always been closely linked to the Medici. Present in Rome from 1484 onwards, Pucci soon becomes one of the most influent prelates in the ... [more ▼]

Born in Florence in 1458, Lorenzo Pucci comes from a family who had always been closely linked to the Medici. Present in Rome from 1484 onwards, Pucci soon becomes one of the most influent prelates in the immediate environment of Jules II, and is made cardinal right after Leo X’s election in 1513. In 1520, Pucci, who had been praised by Erasmus for his efforts to “restore the Christian religion”, is appointed penitenziere maggiore. As such, he could grant indulgences and was therefore at the heart of the practices strongly condemned by Luther. By using contemporary testimonies, this presentation aims to dwell on the role endorsed by Pucci as penitenziere and to examine the conditions that led him to that powerful position. I should also give some clues about his profile as a patron of arts. [less ▲]

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See detailSpray Drying-­Assisted Synthesis of Na2FePO4F/CB and Na2FePO4F/CNT Composite Cathodes for Lithium Ion Battery
Mahmoud, Abdelfattah ULg; Brisbois; Caes, sebastien et al

Conference (2017, May 08)

Fluorophosphates are considered among the most interesting series of cathode materials for Li/Na-ion batteries. Na2FePO4F, with layered structure and two-dimensional pathways for facile Na+/Li+ transport ... [more ▼]

Fluorophosphates are considered among the most interesting series of cathode materials for Li/Na-ion batteries. Na2FePO4F, with layered structure and two-dimensional pathways for facile Na+/Li+ transport [1], exhibits minimal structural changes (3.7%) upon reduction/oxidation. The average working voltage is 3.3 V versus Li+/Li. However, one of the key drawbacks of Na2FePO4F electrodes is their low intrinsic electronic conductivity. In this work, we report on the synthesis of Na2FePO4F by spray-drying, a technique which is easily scaled-up from the lab- to the industrial-scale and ensures a good homogeneity of all precursors. We are investigating the replacement of the grinding step by the addition of conductive carbon (carbon black and carbon nanotubes) to the solution containing the inorganic precursors of the Na2FePO4F phase in order to prepare Na2FePO4F/CB and Na2FePO4F/CNT with different ratios of CB and CNT (10 and 20%) and enhanced conductivity. The electrochemical performance shows that the addition of CNT improves remarkably the capacity of the NFPF electrode material thanks to better CNT dispersion inside and at the surface of the NFPF particles which enhances the electronic conductivity. Acknowledgements: The authors thank the Walloon Region for support under the “PE Plan Marshall 2.vert” program (BATWAL -1318146). A. Mahmoud is grateful to the Walloon region for a Beware Fellowship Academia 2015-1, RESIBAT n° 1510399. References [1] M. Brisbois, S. Caes, M-T. Sougrati, B. Vertruyen, A. Schrijnemakers, R. Cloots, N. Eshraghi, R-P. Hermann, A. Mahmoud, F. Boschini, Solar Energy Materials & Solar Cells 148 (2015) 11-19. [less ▲]

Detailed reference viewed: 46 (6 ULg)
See detailObjets directs en kirundi
Tuyubahe, Pascal ULg

Conference (2017, May 05)

Detailed reference viewed: 13 (3 ULg)