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See detailPhysiological Responses to training and competition in 1 to 4 star eventing horses
Kirsch, Katharina ULg; Düe, M.; Holzhausen, H. et al

Poster (2016, October 21)

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See detailReported post-operative analgesic administration to non-human primates: 2010 - 2015
Bertrand, Henri ULg; Flecknell, Paul; Brady, James et al

Poster (2016, October 21)

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See detailGaseous Micro-Emboli Removal during priming procedure using pulsatile flow with 4 different adult oxygenators with integrated arterial filter and open reservoir.
HELLA, Dominique ULg

Conference (2016, October 21)

4 oxygenators were tested during priming procedures with pulsatile flow. 2 showed better results.A prospective and randomized study begon in June 2016, including 200 patients. We hope with the same ... [more ▼]

4 oxygenators were tested during priming procedures with pulsatile flow. 2 showed better results.A prospective and randomized study begon in June 2016, including 200 patients. We hope with the same comparison to show interesting results. 4 oxygénateurs adultes testés durant la phase de priming utilisant le débit pulsé. 2 se révèlent supérieurs. Une étude prospective randomisée incluant 200 patients a démarré depuis juin 2016 afin de réaliser la même comparaison en clinique; nous espérons en extraire des résultats intéressants. [less ▲]

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See detailPrise en charge de l'hyperuricémie, facteur de risque cardio-vasculaire?
Krzesinski, Jean-Marie ULg

Scientific conference (2016, October 21)

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See detailLa pubalgie du sportif - Actualités thérapeutiques conservatrices
Kaux, Jean-François ULg

Conference (2016, October 21)

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See detailDo teachers speak too much?
Remacle, Angélique ULg

Scientific conference (2016, October 21)

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See detailLa quête d’Isis ou la confirmation de Dieu : l’interpretatio Kircheriana
Winand, Jean ULg

Conference (2016, October 21)

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See detailThe genesis of a negative agentive nominalizer. The journey of jwtj between Old Egyptian and Coptic
Grossman, Eitan; Polis, Stéphane ULg

Conference (2016, October 21)

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See detailOverview of challenges of residential nearly Zero Energy Buildings (nZEB) in Southern Europe
Attia, Shady ULg; Eleftheriou, P; Xeni et al

Report (2016)

In times of great transition of the European construction sector to energy efficient and nearly zero energy buildings (nZEBs), a market observation containing qualitative and quantitative indications ... [more ▼]

In times of great transition of the European construction sector to energy efficient and nearly zero energy buildings (nZEBs), a market observation containing qualitative and quantitative indications should help to fill out the enormous information gaps concerning the EU 2020 carbon targets. Next to the economic challenges, there are equally important factors that hinder renovating the existing residential building stock and adding newly constructed high performance buildings. Under these circumstances this paper summarizes the findings of a cross-comparative study of the societal and technical barriers of nZEBs implementation in 7 Southern European countries. The aim of the study was to enhance the understanding and provide and overview on future challenges of residential nZEBs in Southern Europe. The result presents an overview of challenges and provides recommendations based on available empirical evidence to further lower those barriers in the European construction sector. The paper finds that the most Southern European countries are poorly prepared for nZEBs implementation and especially for existing buildings. It is essential creating a common approach to further develop nZEBs concepts and definitions in adaptation with the climatic, societal and technical state of progress in Southern Europe. The paper provides suggestions for minimum energy efficiency and renewable energy thresholds to shift the identified gaps into opportunities for future development in deep renovation of buildings. [less ▲]

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See detailDu portait pris au smartphone. Quelle(s) identité(s) pour quelle photographie ?
Hamers, Jérémy ULg; Hagelstein, Maud ULg

Conference given outside the academic context (2016)

Depuis l’émergence des réseaux sociaux et la généralisation des smartphones, le portrait photographique - plus singulièrement l’autoportrait rebaptisé « selfie » - est l’un des registres photographiques ... [more ▼]

Depuis l’émergence des réseaux sociaux et la généralisation des smartphones, le portrait photographique - plus singulièrement l’autoportrait rebaptisé « selfie » - est l’un des registres photographiques non professionnels les plus pratiqués en Occident. Dans le domaine de l’éducation aux médias ce succès engendre de vives critiques qui visent, tantôt le narcissisme d’une génération dont le portrait serait le symptôme absolu, tantôt les usages et détournements (harcèlement, bashing, etc.) auxquels ces images exposeraient le sujet photographié. A bien y regarder, ces critiques qui prétendent s’attaquer à un phénomène spécifique et récent, n’accordent pourtant qu’une place congrue à ce qui est propre à ces images : métadonnées, légendes formatées, fonction conversationnelle, dispositifs photographique nouveaux, temporalité de la mise en ligne, généralisati on du second degré et de la réflexivité, etc. Plutôt que de se joindre à la critique trop rapide de ces photographies, cette conférence tentera dès lors de dégager les fondements d’une autre approche du portrait numérique autoproduit, afin de réfléchir à ce que, aujourd’hui, ce type d’images peut nous dire de la photographie. [less ▲]

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See detailBiomasse et stocks de carbone des forêts tropicales africaines (synthèse bibliographique)
Loubota Panzou, Grâce Jopaul ULg; Doucet, Jean-Louis ULg; Loumeto, Jean-Joël et al

in Biotechnologie, Agronomie, Société et Environnement = Biotechnology, Agronomy, Society and Environment (2016), 20(4), 508-522

Introduction. Quantifying the biomass and carbon stocks contained in tropical forests has become an international priority for the implementation of the REDD+ mechanism. Forest biomass is estimated at ... [more ▼]

Introduction. Quantifying the biomass and carbon stocks contained in tropical forests has become an international priority for the implementation of the REDD+ mechanism. Forest biomass is estimated at three successive levels: the tree, the stand and the region level. This paper reviews the state of the art regarding the estimation of biomass and carbon stocks in tropical African forests. Literature. This review highlights the fact that very few allometric equations, equations used for estimating the biomass of the tree using non-destructive measurements (diameter, height), have been established for tropical African forests. At the stand level, the review highlights the spatial and temporal variations in biomass between forest types in Central and Eastern Africa. While biomass recovery after a disturbance (logging, for instance) is rather quick, a great deal of uncertainty still remains regarding the spatial variation in biomass, and there is no consensus on a regional biomass map. The quality of biomass mapping in tropical Africa strongly depends on the type of remotely-sensed data being used (optical, RADAR or LIDAR), and the allometric equation used to convert forest inventory data into biomass. Conclusions. Based on the lack of precision of the available allometric equations and forest inventory data and the large spatial scale involved, many uncertainties persist in relation to the estimation of the biomass and carbon stocks contained in African tropical forests. [less ▲]

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See detailThe influence of flight style on the aerodynamic properties of avian wings as fixed lifting surfaces
Lees, John J.; Dimitriadis, Grigorios ULg; Nudds, Robert L.

in PeerJ (2016), 4:e2495

The diversity of wing morphologies in birds reflects their variety of flight styles and the associated aerodynamic and inertial requirements. Although the aerodynamics underlying wing morphology can be ... [more ▼]

The diversity of wing morphologies in birds reflects their variety of flight styles and the associated aerodynamic and inertial requirements. Although the aerodynamics underlying wing morphology can be informed by aeronautical research, important differences exist between planes and birds. In particular, birds operate at lower, transitional Reynolds numbers than do most aircraft. To date, few quantitative studies have investigated the aerodynamic performance of avian wings as fixed lifting surfaces and none have focused upon the differences between wings from different flight style groups. Dried wings from 10 bird species representing 3 distinct flight style groups were mounted on a force/torque sensor within a wind tunnel in order to test the hypothesis that wing morphologies associated with different flight styles exhibit different aerodynamic properties. Morphological differences manifested primarily as differences in drag rather than lift. Maximum lift coefficients did not differ between groups, whereas minimum drag coefficients were lowest in undulating flyers (Corvids). The lift to drag ratios were lower than in conventional aerofoils and data from free-flying soaring species; particularly in high frequency, flapping flyers (Anseriformes), which do not rely heavily on glide performance. The results illustrate important aerodynamic differences between the wings of different flight style groups that cannot be explained solely by simple wing-shape measures. Taken at face value, the results also suggest that wing-shape is linked principally to changes in aerodynamic drag, but, of course, it is aerodynamics during flapping and not gliding that is likely to be the primary driver. [less ▲]

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See detailExistera-t-il encore un CPAS dans dix ans ?
Behrendt, Christian ULg

Conference (2016, October 20)

Exposé donné dans le cadre du 8e congrès de la Fédération Wallonne des Assistants Sociaux des CPAS (FéWASC), Campus universitaire de Liège (Sart Tilman), Faculté de Droit, 20 octobre 2016.

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See detailEntangled Kinship Spaces: Ethnographic approaches of contemporary public and intimate (re)configurations
Razy, Elodie ULg; Sarcinelli, Alice ULg; Duysens, Fanny ULg

Scientific conference (2016, October 20)

The multiplicity of systems, forms, categories, and practices of kinship has drawn the attention of anthropologists as central for the ways individuals and human groups think and experience their ... [more ▼]

The multiplicity of systems, forms, categories, and practices of kinship has drawn the attention of anthropologists as central for the ways individuals and human groups think and experience their relationships with themselves, others, their society and the world they live in. Transformations – demographic, political, socio-cultural, economic, juridical, scientific, medical, or those related to age or gender – have contributed to constantly (re)define kinship. In particular, recent innovations regarding, among others, Assisted Reproductive Technologies (ARTs) and surrogacy, and the debates around same-sex couple marriage and adoption, have been understood as deep breaking points in relation to more "traditional" conceptions of kinship, appearing as yet unprecedented and controversial. From an anthropological point of view, such (re)configurations of kinship testify to a variety of articulation between the social, the cultural and the biological, society and nature, the constructed and the innate – categories central for definitions of kinship. This suggests a need to rethink kinship in all its dimensions, from public to intimate ones. Drawing from anthropology and intending to widen the field of empirical, theoretical and epistemological reflections, this conference invites a crossing of perspectives on contemporary (re)configurations of kinship within the human and social sciences with a focus on ethnographic approaches. It is organized around two main, yet non-exclusive lines of research. The first one wishes to interrogate the ways contemporary (re)configurations of kinship take place in different public and intimate entangled spaces. The second one opens up a debate on epistemology when it comes to crossed and comparative perspectives between contexts, themes or disciplines in order to analyse issues, contributions and limits of such field of research. [less ▲]

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See detailParentalité et précarité : Le lien au cœur des pratiques et des recherches
Halin, Stéphanie; Fohn, Bruno; Glowacz, Fabienne ULg

Conference (2016, October 20)

La parentalité est un concept difficile à définir car il s’inscrit à la fois "dans le champ social, juridique et psychologique" [1]. De nos jours, le « devenir parent » est décrit comme un processus ... [more ▼]

La parentalité est un concept difficile à définir car il s’inscrit à la fois "dans le champ social, juridique et psychologique" [1]. De nos jours, le « devenir parent » est décrit comme un processus dynamique, qui débute dès le désir d’enfant, et qui s’accompagne de remaniements psychiques importants chez les deux parents. Depuis plusieurs années, des études se sont intéressées à l’impact de la précarité sur la sphère familiale. Il est aujourd’hui reconnu que la précarité psychosociale impacte toutes les dimensions du développement de l’enfant et plusieurs dimensions de la parentalité (sensibilité parentale, disponibilité émotionnelle, pratiques éducatives, …). La précarité est définie comme « l’absence d’une ou plusieurs des sécurités, notamment celle de l’emploi, permettant aux personnes et aux familles d’assumer leurs obligations professionnelles, familiales et sociales, et de jouir de leurs droits fondamentaux » [2]. Selon Furtos, à la précarité économique s’ajoute la précarité psychosociale et, parfois, un syndrome d’auto exclusion sociale. Selon lui, « d’un côté, l’environnement est excluant, tandis que de l’autre côté le mot « auto » renvoie à la part du sujet : tout en subissant une situation d’exclusion, le sujet a la capacité d’exercer sur lui-même une activité pour s’exclure de la situation, pour ne pas la souffrir, transformant ainsi le subir en agir » [3]. Ce public est caractérisé par une problématique du lien. Entrer en relation, s’investir dans un suivi, maintenir une continuité du lien sont autant de défis pour les parents en syndrome d’autoexclusion sociale. Parvenir à les rejoindre nécessite donc de développer des structures flexibles et créatives, tant en ce qui concerne le suivi psychosocial que la recherche. Au travers de différentes recherches-action auprès de ces familles, nous avons été confrontés à la nécessité de développer un processus de recherche basée sur le lien pour accéder tant à l’évaluation de pratiques d’intervention et à l’évaluation du vécu de ces parents. Nos travaux ont montré combien le lien occupe une place centrale dans la prise en charge et dans la recherche avec des bénéficiaires en grande précarité psychosociale. Références [1] Doumont, D., & Renard, F. (2004). Parentalité: nouveau concept, nouveaux enjeux? Document publié en ligne, Université Catholique de Louvain, pp. 1-18, https://www.uclouvain.be/cps/ucl/doc/reso/documents/Dos31.pdf [2] Kettani, M., & Zaouche-Gaudron, C. (2012). Sentiment de compétence paternelle et adaptation socioaffective des enfants de deux à six ans en contexte de précarité socioéconomique. Pratiques psychologiques, 18, pp. 75–88. Doi:10.1016/j.prps.2011.02.001 [3] Furtos, J. (2011). La précarité et ses effets sur la santé mentale. Le Carnet PSY, 156 (7), pp.29-34. Doi :10.3917/lcp.156.0029 [less ▲]

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See detailThe Middle Ages: A New Age for the Reception of the Gods of Egypt
Veymiers, Richard ULg

Conference (2016, October 20)

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See detailDeveloping system-level fragility functions for performance-based fire engineering of buildings
Gernay, Thomas ULg; Elhami Khorasani, Negar

Scientific conference (2016, October 20)

This research contributes to the current efforts for developing probabilistic methods in structural fire engineering (SFE) to foster the shift towards performance-based design in the field. A methodology ... [more ▼]

This research contributes to the current efforts for developing probabilistic methods in structural fire engineering (SFE) to foster the shift towards performance-based design in the field. A methodology is presented to assess the risk related to structural failure due to fire in multi-story buildings. At the core of this methodology is the concept of fragility functions, which allows quantifying in a systematic way the effects of the uncertainties in both demand and capacity parameters on the reliability level. The fragility functions, adopted here for the purpose of SFE, yield the conditional probability to reach predefined damage states as a function of an intensity measure of the fire. The damage states are grouped in categories such as ‘slight’, ‘moderate’, ‘extensive’, and ‘complete’, for estimating the magnitude of the damage. The fragility functions are defined for an entire building and depend on parameters such as the structural type and the fire resistance rating of the structural components. As the functions give conditional probabilities, they are completed with probabilistic models for the occurrence of a fire in the building (i.e. likelihood of the hazard) and the expected value of the fire load density (i.e. intensity of the hazard). These models depend on the building occupancy type, surface area, and active fire protection measures. Finally, one can obtain the (total) probability to reach different levels of potential damage for buildings of different typologies, structural design, size and occupancy. In addition, similar to earthquake engineering, one can also estimate the probability of reaching a certain damage state for a given probability of fire hazard. The methodology is illustrated for prototype multi-story steel buildings. An important contribution is the quantification of the safety level at the building scale, as opposed to an individual component. The results provide an insight for the discussion about the evolution of the design codes for a better standardization of this safety level. [less ▲]

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See detailPrison : face à l'enfermement des corps
Englebert, Jérôme ULg

Conference given outside the academic context (2016)

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