Last 7 days
Bookmark and Share    
Full Text
Peer Reviewed
See detailL’enfant, l’institutrice et le tableau interactif : Corps relationnel et évolution numérique
Jadin, Aurore ULg; Englebert, Jérôme ULg

in Cahiers de Psychologie Clinique (2016), 46

In clinical psychology, the ecological observation of child in different life domains offers many inaccessible observations through the individual therapy sessions. The article proposes, from a clinical ... [more ▼]

In clinical psychology, the ecological observation of child in different life domains offers many inaccessible observations through the individual therapy sessions. The article proposes, from a clinical case, a reflection on the technological change of classes, particularly through the use of the interactive whiteboard, and the psychological and relational consequences of this revolution, for each of the protagonists. A consequence of this use of the digital device is that the body can appear less necessary and therefore be abandoned in favor of a poorly invested technicality. Our analysis values the development of a necessary compromise between digital and body. It proposes to find ways of arranging so that teacher's body is still a fundamental dimension of the educational process. [less ▲]

Detailed reference viewed: 37 (2 ULg)
Full Text
Peer Reviewed
See detailDes situations-limites au dépassement de la situation : phénoménologie d'un concept sartrien
Cormann, Grégory ULg; Englebert, Jérôme ULg

in Sartre Studies International (2016), 22(1),

Dans cet article, nous explorons le concept de situation, en-deçà et au-delà de sa thématisation par Sartre, à partir de L’imaginaire, dans les Carnets de la drôle de guerre puis dans L’être et le néant ... [more ▼]

Dans cet article, nous explorons le concept de situation, en-deçà et au-delà de sa thématisation par Sartre, à partir de L’imaginaire, dans les Carnets de la drôle de guerre puis dans L’être et le néant. Notre approche se fonde sur un double mouvement : d’une part, une archéologie du concept dans le contexte de la première percée de la phénoménologie en France dans les années 1930 ; d’autre part, une attention à son possible dépassement deux décennies plus tard. Dans une relation serrée avec les développements de la psychopathologie de son temps, il s’agit d’abord de situer la prétention de l’Esquisse d’une théorie des émotions à poser les bases d’une phénoménologie de « l’homme en situation », ensuite d’éclairer la reprise critique du concept dans Questions de méthode, dans l’exposition de la méthode progressive-régressive. En somme, il s’agit de montrer comment s’élabore progressivement chez Sartre une « herméneutique de l’existence » qui fait droit à la liberté, puis se donne les moyens d’en suivre l’action effective dans le monde. [less ▲]

Detailed reference viewed: 19 (3 ULg)
Full Text
See detailOnline Learning for Strong Branching Approximation in Branch-and-Bound
Marcos Alvarez, Alejandro ULg; Wehenkel, Louis ULg; Louveaux, Quentin ULg

E-print/Working paper (2016)

We present an online learning approach to variable branching in branch-and-bound for mixed-integer linear problems. Our approach consists in learning strong branching scores in an online fashion and in ... [more ▼]

We present an online learning approach to variable branching in branch-and-bound for mixed-integer linear problems. Our approach consists in learning strong branching scores in an online fashion and in using them to take branching decisions. More specifically, numerical scores are used to rank the branching candidates. If, for a given variable, the learned approximation is deemed reliable, then the score for that variable is computed thanks to the learned function. If the approximation is not reliable yet, the real strong branching score is used instead. The scores that are computed through the real strong branching procedure are fed to the online learning algorithm in order to improve the approximated function. The experiments show promising results. [less ▲]

Detailed reference viewed: 11 (4 ULg)
Full Text
Peer Reviewed
See detailLA PARTICIPATION DES USAGERS COMME LEVIER DE L’INNOVATION DANS LES SERVICES PUBLICS : LE CAS DE LA GÉOMATIQUE WALLONNE
Fallon, Catherine ULg; Calay, Vincent

in Pyramides : Revue du Laboratoire d'Etudes et de Recherches en Administration Publique (2016)

La numérisation des données géographiques est une de ces techniques récentes qui transforment à la fois la structure politico-administrative et la construction des politiques elles-mêmes en transformant ... [more ▼]

La numérisation des données géographiques est une de ces techniques récentes qui transforment à la fois la structure politico-administrative et la construction des politiques elles-mêmes en transformant le réseau d’action publique. Ces données peuvent être utilisées dans la plupart des politiques, pourvu que les questions de distribution territoriales y soient pertinentes : on parle en ce sens d’une « géomatisation » de l’action publique. Le cadre européen avec la directive INSPIRE a donné l’impulsion et définit le cadre de référence pour une refonte des processus de production et de diffusion des données géographiques numériques. Les états doivent chacun établir une infrastructure de données géographiques numériques pour assurer l’interopérabilité entre bases de données et faciliter la diffusion, la disponibilité, l'utilisation et la réutilisation de l’information géographique au niveau de leur territoire et en Europe. En Belgique, ce sont les régions - et le niveau fédéral pour ses compétences - qui ont hérité de cette responsabilité : leurs données doivent être mises à disposition des utilisateurs, qu’ils soient décideurs ou citoyens dans des formats harmonisés afin d'en faciliter l'utilisation par tous et il faut aussi définir les principes d’échange, de tarification et les conditions d’utilisation propres à faciliter l’accès aux données et aux services en ligne. Les données géographiques numérisées ont ceci de particulier qu’elles sont produites de façon décentralisées par des acteurs publics mais aussi privés, lesquels cherchent à peser sur les choix stratégiques des autorités régionales. Au niveau de la Région wallonne a été mis en place récemment un ensemble de structure de coopération avec les usagers, les entreprises, et les autorités locales. L’administration a créé en son sein des groupes de travail transversaux pour améliorer l’intégration entre les approches thématiques contrôlées par les différentes directions. Le projet d’article trouve son origine dans l’accompagnement assuré par le SPIRAL au Département de la géomatique de la Région wallonne dans le cadre de la rédaction du plan stratégique et du plan opérationnel de la géomatique wallonne (2013-2015). L’article prendra appui sur les principes de la sociologie de la traduction (Callon, 1986) pour proposer une analyse des lieux et des processus qui contribuent à mettre en place une « gouvernance en réseau » mobilisant une logique d’innovation publique (Sørensen et al. 2011), sans suspendre pour autant les formes de coordination hiérarchiques et contractuelles. [less ▲]

Detailed reference viewed: 31 (0 ULg)
See detailLa médiation animale comme dispositif technique
de Villers Grand Champs, Bénédicte ULg; Servais, Véronique ULg

in Servais, Christine (Ed.) La médiation. De la théorie aux terrains (2016)

Les pratiques thérapeutiques associant des animaux sont-elles des techniques thérapeutiques comme les autres ? Quelles sont les particularités de cette « médiation animale » dès lors que l’agent médiateur ... [more ▼]

Les pratiques thérapeutiques associant des animaux sont-elles des techniques thérapeutiques comme les autres ? Quelles sont les particularités de cette « médiation animale » dès lors que l’agent médiateur, l’animal, est vivant et partiellement ignorant du dispositif dans lequel il est inscrit ? Nous faisons ici l’hypothèse que les pratiques de médiation animale peuvent s’inscrire dans l’horizon de ce que Leroi-Gourhan nommait le « milieu technique », le « mi-lieu », cet entre-deux qui assure la rencontre, la mise en relation d’un vivant et de son monde. Ce mi-lieu n’a rien d’un cordon, même symbolique, qui relierait le patient, l’intervenant et l’animal. Il se présente plutôt sous la forme d’un écotone, du nom des écosystèmes qui se développent à la lisière de deux écosystèmes différents et dont l’écosystème côtier est le meilleur exemple. Nous nous appuyons sur les concepts de technique, de technique du corps, d’espace potentiel et de rituel pour essayer de comprendre ce processus de médiation dont un vivant animal est partie prenante et comment il se fait que des rencontres animales recèlent un potentiel thérapeutique [less ▲]

Detailed reference viewed: 58 (3 ULg)
Full Text
Peer Reviewed
See detailProcedural learning, consolidation, and transfer of a new skill in Developmental Coordination Disorder
Lejeune, Caroline ULg; Wansard, Murielle ULg; Geurten, Marie ULg et al

in Child Neuropsychology : A Journal on Normal & Abnormal Development in Childhood & Adolescence (2016), 22(2),

The aim of this study was to explore the differences in procedural learning abilities between children with DCD and typically developing children by investigating the steps that lead to skill ... [more ▼]

The aim of this study was to explore the differences in procedural learning abilities between children with DCD and typically developing children by investigating the steps that lead to skill automatization (i.e., the stages of fast learning, consolidation, and slow learning). Transfer of the skill to a new situation was also assessed. We tested 34 children aged 6–12 years with and without DCD on a perceptuomotor adaptation task, a form of procedural learning that is thought to involve the cerebellum and the basal ganglia (regions whose impairment has been associated with DCD) but also other brain areas including frontal regions. The results showed similar rates of learning, consolidation, and transfer in DCD and control children. However, the DCD children's performance remained slower than that of controls throughout the procedural task and they reached a lower asymptotic performance level; the difficulties observed at the outset did not diminish with practice. [less ▲]

Detailed reference viewed: 26 (9 ULg)
Full Text
Peer Reviewed
See detailAirewater interfacial properties of enzymatic wheat gluten hydrolyzates determine their foaming behavior
Wouters, Arno G.B.; Rombouts, Ine; Legein, Marie et al

in Food Hydrocolloids (2016), 55

Insight in the link between foaming and interfacial properties of proteins can increase their potential as functional agents in food systems. Here, foaming capacity and stability of structurally different ... [more ▼]

Insight in the link between foaming and interfacial properties of proteins can increase their potential as functional agents in food systems. Here, foaming capacity and stability of structurally different peptic and tryptic wheat gluten hydrolyzates were related to the kinetics of their adsorption at an airewater interface as well as to the properties of a compressed protein film at this interface. Foams from degree of hydrolysis (DH, i.e. the percentage of cleaved peptide bonds) 2 hydrolyzates were more stable than those from their DH 6 counterparts, and this at all protein concentrations tested. However, at protein concentrations from 0.010% to 0.050% (wprot/v), peptic DH 2 and 6 hydrolyzates had better foaming stability than their tryptic counterparts of the same DH. The opposite was observed when protein concentrations ranged from 0.050% to 0.150% (wprot/v). These observations can in part be explained by the molecular mass composition of the samples and, more importantly, by high levels of hydrophobic peptides in the DH 2 samples. The calculation of an average elasticity (up to 20e25 mN/m) from the variation in surface pressure for a variation in surface area in Langmuir isotherms showed that DH 2 samples had higher elasticity than DH 6 samples, which was in agreement with their foaming stabilities at various protein concentrations. Additionally, although not usually considered in literature, it seemed there was a correspondence between surface pressure at different protein surface concentrations and foaming stability at different protein concentrations. [less ▲]

Detailed reference viewed: 10 (0 ULg)
Peer Reviewed
See detailThe Future of Ageing - Stakeholder Involvement on the Future of Care
Barland, Marianne; Delvenne, Pierre ULg; Rosskamp, Benedikt ULg

in Klüver, Lars; Øjvind Nielsen, Rasmus; Jørgensen, Marie Louise (Eds.) Policy-Oriented Technology Assessment Across Europe: Expanding Capacities (2016)

Barland et al. describe an example project showcasing the strengths of technology assessment methodology in structuring stakeholder dialogues in a cross-European context. The authors provide an in-depth ... [more ▼]

Barland et al. describe an example project showcasing the strengths of technology assessment methodology in structuring stakeholder dialogues in a cross-European context. The authors provide an in-depth account of the method design choices made and their underlying rationale. Beyond the buzzword, well-structured and transparent stakeholder dialogue can help to balance difficult issues of policy priority – in this case by balancing the contributions of technological innovation against social reorganization as a means of securing sustainable future health-care service for senior citizens. The article shows the added value of multi-site dialogues based in national debates but linked to the European policy development process [less ▲]

Detailed reference viewed: 18 (5 ULg)
Peer Reviewed
See detailMaking Technology Assessment Accessible to New Players
Delvenne, Pierre ULg; Rosskamp, Benedikt ULg; Fitzgerald, Ciara et al

in Klüver, Lars; Nielsen, Rasmus; Jorgensen, Marie-Louise (Eds.) Policy-Oriented Technology Assessment Across Europe. Expanding Capacities (2016)

This chapter reports on the two PACITA summers schools, which were aimed at teaching TA as well as enhancing mutual-learning activities. The first summer school concentrated on the topic ‘Renewable Energy ... [more ▼]

This chapter reports on the two PACITA summers schools, which were aimed at teaching TA as well as enhancing mutual-learning activities. The first summer school concentrated on the topic ‘Renewable Energy Systems- role and use of PTA’ and it was held in Liege in June 2012. The second summer school addressed the topic of ‘Ageing and Technology’, and was held in Cork in June 2014. We describe the rationale and format of the summer school in order to present a comprehensive account of how it was introduced TA, both its rational and its methods, to a new audience. We argue that as the responsible innovation agenda continues to gain traction among policy makers, societal actors and academics, education initiatives such as TA summer schools can have an important role to play in the future of the governance of science, technology and innovation. [less ▲]

Detailed reference viewed: 24 (5 ULg)
Peer Reviewed
See detail"Passer la ligne" : La rencontre de Fanon et de Sartre
Cormann, Grégory ULg

in Luneau, Marie-Pier; Saint-Amand, Denis (Eds.) La Préface. Formes, enjeux et effets d’un discours d’escorte (2016)

À partir de 1948, où il donne des préfaces à l’Anthologie de la nouvelle poésie nègre et malgache et à l’antiroman de Nathalie Sarraute, Portrait d’un inconnu, jusqu’au début des années 1970, Sartre a ... [more ▼]

À partir de 1948, où il donne des préfaces à l’Anthologie de la nouvelle poésie nègre et malgache et à l’antiroman de Nathalie Sarraute, Portrait d’un inconnu, jusqu’au début des années 1970, Sartre a écrit une quinzaine de préfaces. Dans plusieurs cas, ces préfaces sont comme indissociables de l’ouvrage préfacé ; on leur reproche souvent d’avoir pris le dessus sur celui-ci. Il s’agit ici de relire la préface de Sartre aux Damnés de la terre de Frantz Fanon. Cette préface, peut-être la plus célèbre, sûrement la plus scandaleuse, est souvent réduite à l’invitation à la violence libératrice qu’on y trouve ou croit y trouver, sans qu’il ne semble guère utile de relire le texte de Sartre, une fois pour toutes saisi dans une posture d’aveu. En partant de l’unique rencontre de Fanon et de Sartre à Rome, à l’été 1961, il s’agit, plus précisément, de comprendre la « collaboration » qui se noue alors entre les deux hommes : à savoir de comprendre de quelles façons Sartre construit sa préface en prenant sur lui une certaine histoire de la littérature noire (Maran, Wright, Fanon) qui lui permet, à partir de cette rencontre à la mort, de (presque) confondre sa situation avec celle de Fanon. Dans ce texte-bilan d’une décennie d’engagement jusqu’à l’épuisement, Sartre trouve en même temps la possibilité de réécrire « Orphée noir », à partir des romans contemporains de Boris Vian et de Richard Wright, et de réécrire Fanon lui-même en l’envisageant au futur à partir de Peau noire, masques blancs. La littérature sartrien apparaît du coup non pas comme un abandon complaisant à la violence, mais comme une manière de regarder la réalité en face, ce que Qu’est-ce que la littérature ? désignait comme un art de (se) faire honte. [less ▲]

Detailed reference viewed: 30 (5 ULg)
Full Text
See detailPersistent low levels of serum hCG due to heterophilic mouse antibodies: an unrecognized pitfall in the diagnosis of trophoblastic disease.
Gonzalez Aguilera, B.; Syrios, P.; Gadisseur, R et al

in Gynecological endocrinology : the official journal of the International Society of Gynecological Endocrinology (2016)

Phantom hCG refers to persistent mild elevations of hCG, leading physicians to unnecessary treatments whereas neither a true hCG nor a trophoblastic disease is present. We report the case of a 23-year-old ... [more ▼]

Phantom hCG refers to persistent mild elevations of hCG, leading physicians to unnecessary treatments whereas neither a true hCG nor a trophoblastic disease is present. We report the case of a 23-year-old woman with persistent low levels of serum hCG detected one month after miscarriage. As choriocarcinoma was suspected, a chemotherapy trial of methotrexate was prescribed, without any hCG reduction. Subsequently, laparoscopy ruled out a trophoblastic residue and the patient was referred to the Endocrine Unit for further investigations. While low levels of hCG were still detected in serum, no hCG was detected in the urine. In addition, when serum was processed in a HBT tube for revealing heterophilic antibodies, hCG was no longer detected. Such finding indicated the presence of phantom hCG due to heterophilic mouse antibodies interaction. This case raises the need of clinico-biological discussion to avoid inappropriate therapeutic decisions. Based on this case experience and after review of the literature, we suggest that current gynecological protocols for the diagnosis and treatment of trophoblastic disease should consider the inclusion of urinary hCG and/or a test for serum heterophilic antibodies when appropriate. [less ▲]

Detailed reference viewed: 16 (3 ULg)
Full Text
Peer Reviewed
See detailCritical analysis of the paramagnetic to ferromagnetic phase transition in Pr0.55K0.05Sr0.4MnO3
Thaljaoui, R.; Pękała, M.; Fagnard, Jean-François ULg et al

in Physica B: Condensed Matter (2016), 482

Detailed reference viewed: 20 (2 ULg)
Full Text
Peer Reviewed
See detailThe transactional process between the relationships with caregivers and children's externalizing behavior
Roskam, Isabelle; Stievenart, Marie ULg; de Mol, Jan

in Journal of Applied Developmental Psychology (2016), 42

Externalizing behavior (EB) has been found to be pervasive in children across different interactional systems. The transactional model is one of the most interesting and plausible mechanisms explaining ... [more ▼]

Externalizing behavior (EB) has been found to be pervasive in children across different interactional systems. The transactional model is one of the most interesting and plausible mechanisms explaining the development of behavioral problems (Sameroff, 2009). The main goal of the study is to test bidirectional and recursive transactional relations between the quality of the caregiver–child relationship and children's externalizing behavior. The transactional model was tested in three-wave longitudinal cross-lagged models involving 117 children (78.5% boys) aged 4 at the beginning of the study and three caregivers, i.e. their mother, father and teacher. All of the children had been clinically referred for externalizing behavior. Themulti-informant three-wave design was an original feature of this research. The results provided no evidence for a transactional process. The results suggest the singularity of each ofthese three interactional systems. They are discussed from the theoretical viewpoint and in terms of their clinical implications. [less ▲]

Detailed reference viewed: 12 (1 ULg)
Full Text
See detailMarket Dynamics in the Financial Industry - Essays on Interdependence and Market Timing
Biell, Elisabeth ULg

Doctoral thesis (2016)

The global financial crisis and the subsequent sovereign crisis are painful reminders of how the standards of financial markets are profoundly challenged in times of crisis. The main lesson is that the ... [more ▼]

The global financial crisis and the subsequent sovereign crisis are painful reminders of how the standards of financial markets are profoundly challenged in times of crisis. The main lesson is that the structural changes and the increased risk of shock transmissions require a more accurate risk assessment that captures the complexity of market dynamics. Based on an empirical approach, this thesis aims at loosening a priori assumptions common in literature in order to develop new methodologies that are more robust and more flexible to the dynamics of changing market conditions. The first aspect of market dynamics addressed in this thesis is the dependence structure of financial markets. The connectedness of the banking and sovereign sectors is dynamically assessed on the basis of daily CDS spreads using complex networks. We turn away from the traditional linear correlation measures and use copula theory to account for extreme events and tail dependence, which is crucial when studying credit and default risk. Through the calculation of minimum spanning trees, our methodology evaluates the transmission pattern of shocks over time and their propagation across geopolitical borders. Going beyond the analysis of simple interdependence, we apply a structural break analysis to measure a contagion index that captures increased co-movements in the network. This thesis tackles a second aspect of market dynamics which relates to major events in the life of a company affecting a company’s market value. By means of operational loss events and cross-listing decisions, we illustrate our refined event study technique that overcomes the drawback of a priori assumptions about the event date. In addition to the reaction magnitude, our approach investigates the point in time when most of the market reaction takes place by highlighting two variables: the start and the length of stock markets' responses. [less ▲]

Detailed reference viewed: 37 (9 ULg)
Full Text
Peer Reviewed
See detailGenetic diversity, Population structure, parentage analysis, and construction of core collections in the French apple germplasm based on SSR markers
Lassois, Ludivine ULg; Denancé, Caroline; Ravon, Elisa et al

in Plant Molecular Biology Reporter (2016)

In-depth characterization of apple genetic resources is a prerequisite for genetic improvement and for germplasm management. In this study, we fingerprinted a very large French collection of 2163 ... [more ▼]

In-depth characterization of apple genetic resources is a prerequisite for genetic improvement and for germplasm management. In this study, we fingerprinted a very large French collection of 2163 accessions with 24 SSR markers in order to evaluate its genetic diversity, population structure and genetic relationships, to link these features with cultivar selection date or usage (old or modern, dessert or cider cultivars), and to construct core collections. Most markers were highly discriminating and powerful for varietal identification, with a probability of identity P(ID) over the 21 retained SSR loci close to 10-28. Pairwise comparisons revealed 34% redundancy and 18.5% putative triploids. The results showed that the germplasm is highly diverse with an expected heterozygosity He of 0.82 and observed heterozygosity Ho of 0.83. A Bayesian model-based clustering approach revealed a weak but significant structure in three subgroups (FST = 0.014-0.048) corresponding, albeit approximately, to the three subpopulations defined beforehand (Old Dessert, Old Cider and Moderncultivars). Parentage analyses established already known and yet unknown relationships, notably between old cultivars, with the frequent occurrence of cultivars such as ‘King of Pippin’ and ‘Calville Rouge d’Hiver’ as founders. Finally, core collections based on allelic diversity were constructed. A large dessert core collection of 278 cultivars contained 90% of the total dessert allelic diversity, whereas a dessert sub-core collection of 48 cultivars contained 71% of diversity. For cider apples, a 48-cultivars core collection contained 83% of the total cider allelic diversity. [less ▲]

Detailed reference viewed: 15 (6 ULg)
Full Text
Peer Reviewed
See detailDe la matérialisation de quelques concepts phénoménologiques.
Frère, Bruno ULg

in SociologieS (2016)

Résumé : Ce article suggère une réflexion sur les rapports qu’entretiennent sociologie et philosophie. Il entend montrer qu’établir des ponts entre les deux disciplines a non seulement toujours été ... [more ▼]

Résumé : Ce article suggère une réflexion sur les rapports qu’entretiennent sociologie et philosophie. Il entend montrer qu’établir des ponts entre les deux disciplines a non seulement toujours été d’usage mais s’avère aujourd’hui urgent. En effet, faisant l’économie d’une considération sérieuse de la prise que lui offre la sociologie sur le monde, la philosophie risque d’échouer à penser les transformations politiques et économiques des société contemporaines. A l’inverse, une certaine tendance positiviste semble menacer la sociologie qui se débarrasserait de toutes connaissances philosophiques. Afin de rappeler l’intérêt que l’une et l’autre se doivent réciproquement, cet article voudrait montrer comment il peut être utile à la sociologie de donner corps à certains concepts philosophiques lorsqu’elle s’avère confrontée à certaines difficultés. Afin d’illustrer le propos, nous nous référerons à un exemple puisé au sein de l’économie solidaire. Ici en effet, c’est en acceptant que se matérialise dans l’enquête le concept d’état d’esprit intentionnel que la philosophie phénoménologique vient à point nommé pour aider la sociologie pragmatique de la critique à se représenter les contradictions qui peuvent apparaître entre action et justification. Et ce sans pour autant renoncer à « prendre les gens aux sérieux » et s’en retourner vers une traditionnelle sociologie du dévoilement qui expliquerait ces contradictions par le décalage qui existerait entre habitus (ou sens pratique) d’une part et illusions réflexives des acteurs d’autre part. Mots clefs : phénoménologie, états d’esprit intentionnel, philosophie, sociologie pragmatique, économie solidaire. Summary : This article is a reflexion about the relationship between sociology and philosophy. It will show that building bridges between the two disciplines, whilst recurrent, is more urgent now than ever. On the one hand, philosophy will be unable to contribute meaningfully to discussions about the major political and economic transformations experienced by contemporary societies without engaging with Sociology. On the other hand without philosophical insights Sociology risks drifting towards positivistic trends. In this article we propose to show how each discipline can benefit from cross-fertilisations and in particular how Sociology can appropriate philosophical concepts to address certain challenges. Drawing on a specific example from solidary economy, we will show that the concept of intentional mindset borrowed from phenomenological philosophy enables pragmatic sociology to account for the gaps which are liable to emerge between action and justification. This concept fulfills the key tenet of pragmatic sociology that to take social actors seriously we must eschew a type of sociological approach which would consist of revealing that the gaps between action and justification arise from social actors’ illusory apprehension of their habitus. Key words: phénoménology, mindset, states of mind, philosophy, pragmatic sociology, solidarity economy. [less ▲]

Detailed reference viewed: 13 (0 ULg)
Full Text
Peer Reviewed
See detailSolidarity economy and its anarchist grammar
Frère, Bruno ULg

in Sociology and anthropology (2016), 5(24),

‘Solidarity economy’, a widely used term for which the most common French equivalent is economie solidaire, is generally thought of as comprising five distinct classes of activity : Micro-finance, Local ... [more ▼]

‘Solidarity economy’, a widely used term for which the most common French equivalent is economie solidaire, is generally thought of as comprising five distinct classes of activity : Micro-finance, Local Exange Trading Systems, proximity services, organic community supported agriculture and fairtrade distributions. Because they try to answer to the Aristotelian theoretical question “what can we do to live harmoniously together?”, these solidarity initiatives are deeply political in the philosophical sense of the term. They galvanize civic commitment at the “micro” level. But today, an important question arises regarding the kind of formal political institution that would speak in the name of all these initiatives. In France, some intellectuals who have an interest in these solidarity initiatives see them as new economic models with the potential to solve the current financial crisis, and they are eager for academic specialists and leaders of the movement to achieve some kind of consensus about the kind of concrete political identity such initiatives may be expected to generate. However this paper studies their way of establishing a basis for moving from micro level initiatives to substantial “macro” polity unity. Using the insights of french pragmatic sociology, and particularly the notion of grammar of justification, it aims to understand what the obstacles to this aim being realised are. [less ▲]

Detailed reference viewed: 23 (0 ULg)