Last 7 days
Bookmark and Share    
See detailDie "Preußische Wallonie im Ersten Weltkrieg" (1914-1920)
Brüll, Christoph ULg

Conference given outside the academic context (2015)

Die deutschsprachigen Belgier betrachten ihre jüngere Geschichte zumeist aus der Perspektive einer Minderheit. Die Erinnerung an den Ersten Weltkrieg vor hundert Jahren bietet Christoph Brüll den Anlass ... [more ▼]

Die deutschsprachigen Belgier betrachten ihre jüngere Geschichte zumeist aus der Perspektive einer Minderheit. Die Erinnerung an den Ersten Weltkrieg vor hundert Jahren bietet Christoph Brüll den Anlass, sich mit der damals wohl kleinsten Minderheit des deutschen Kaiserreiches zu befassen: den rund 10.000 „preußischen Wallonen“ im Kreis Malmedy. Der Vortrag fragt nach deren Identität im Kaiserreich, wo sie zu Kollateralopfern der gegen größere Minderheiten gerichteten Germanisierungspolitik wurden, woraus ein wallonischer Kulturpartikularismus an der deutsch-belgischen Grenze resultierte. Dabei wird auch die Offenheit dieser Grenze vor dem August 1914 deutlich, die durch intensive grenzüberschreitende soziale, wirtschaftliche und auch kulturelle Kontakte gekennzeichnet ist. Umso dramatischer wurde dort der Beginn des Ersten Weltkriegs empfunden. Die Haltung der Bevölkerung während dieses Kriegs ist jedoch von der Forschung bisher kaum in den Blick genommen worden. Der Prozess einer sich beschleunigenden Nationalisierung der kleinen Region und die Reaktion der Bevölkerung darauf werden anhand verschiedener Aspekte wie Militär, Kirche und Schule dargestellt. Der Vortrag geht auch auf die Erfahrung des Kriegsendes und der darauf folgenden Besatzungszeit durch britische Truppen, die im August 1919 von belgischen Soldaten abgelöst wurden, ein. Nicht zuletzt unternimmt er den Versuch, die Entwicklung der Jahre 1914-1920 nicht von ihrem Ende – d.h. aus der Sicht des Staatenwechsels von 1920 – zu betrachten, womit die Kriegs- und Nachkriegserfahrung der Bevölkerung in den Mittelpunkt der Betrachtung rückt . [less ▲]

Detailed reference viewed: 14 (2 ULg)
Full Text
Peer Reviewed
See detailImproving knowledge on Forest elephant’s ecophysiology (Loxodonta africana cyclotis) for better wildlife conservation
Ngama, Steeve ULg; Vermeulen, Cédric ULg; Bindelle, Jérôme ULg

Poster (2015, March 21)

Conservation of large wildlife species is currently a major issue in Africa. Protected areas dedicated for biodiversity conservation unfortunately do not suffice and conservation practices must be ... [more ▼]

Conservation of large wildlife species is currently a major issue in Africa. Protected areas dedicated for biodiversity conservation unfortunately do not suffice and conservation practices must be extended to man-used areas. But in those areas conservation actions are limited because of conflicts between human and wildlife especially due to damages on crops. The worst crop raiders known are elephants because they can destroy the yearly harvest of a field in a single visit. This threatens not only people livelihoods but also elephants themselves when angry farmers retaliate by shooting or trapping them. After decades of investigations crop raiding drivers related to elephants’ ecophysiology remain largely unknown. A pilot study was conducted between July and November 2014 in Monts de Cristal National Park (Gabon, central Africa) to have a first view on environmental drivers to crop raiding. While the presence of some fruiting trees around crop fields lead to more damages, high slopes discouraged elephants. In further experiments, the link between the nutritive value of raided plants and the animal’s physiological requirements and status will be assessed through hormones and parasites measurements; while tracking of individual elephants’ movements using DNA analyses in feces will be done. [less ▲]

Detailed reference viewed: 27 (2 ULg)
Full Text
See detailNueva visión en las relaciones médico-paciente, de la Prevención Cuaternaria a la Actitud Cuaternaria.
Jamoulle, Marc ULg

Conference (2015, March 21)

Allocution plénière finale du congrès de Montevideo de la Wonca CIMF Description du concept de prévention quaternaire. Annonce de la parution et présentation des auteurs du numéro spécial de la revue ... [more ▼]

Allocution plénière finale du congrès de Montevideo de la Wonca CIMF Description du concept de prévention quaternaire. Annonce de la parution et présentation des auteurs du numéro spécial de la revue Brésilienne de médecin de famille et communautaire (RBMFC) qui va paraitre incessamment sur ce thème. Annonce de la création par les représentants des associations de médecine de famille de 15 pays, au sein de la branche ibéro américaine de la Wonca (Wonca CIMF), d'un groupe d'intérêt sur la prévention quaternaire [less ▲]

Detailed reference viewed: 235 (3 ULg)
Full Text
See detailNiche modeling within and between species in the genus Erythrophleum : intergating phylogenetic data and environmental niche models to explore speciation mechanisms
Gorel, Anaïs ULg

Poster (2015, March 21)

In this study we investigated the climatic niche between and within closely related tropical tree species of the Erythrophleum genus (Fabaceae, Caesalpinioideae): E. ivorense, E. suaveolens and E ... [more ▼]

In this study we investigated the climatic niche between and within closely related tropical tree species of the Erythrophleum genus (Fabaceae, Caesalpinioideae): E. ivorense, E. suaveolens and E. africanum. Two major hypotheses, the refuge theory and the ecological gradient hypothesis, have been developed to explain the current distribution of tree clades across tropical Africa. To identify the speciation mechanisms, we used a combination of geographic data and environmental factors to quantify the degree of niche conservatism (or divergence). We used two sets of distribution data for the purpose of this study. Species distribution data for the whole of tropical Africa was gathered from herbarium records. Distribution data of the two sister species E. ivorense and E. suaveolens assigned to genetic cluster were available for the lowland tropical forests of western and central Africa. Using a Species Distribution Model approach based on MaxEnt algorithm we tested for the environmental differences between species and genetic clusters within species. At species level, the climatic niche significantly differed and only slightly overlapped, suggesting a parapatric speciation along a climatic gradient. Within the two sister species, the niche of the parapatric central African genetic clusters suggests mostly a secondary contact following the recolonization from different forest refugia. [less ▲]

Detailed reference viewed: 23 (8 ULg)
Full Text
Peer Reviewed
See detailSiltation and Pollution of Rivers in the Western Highlands of Cameroon: a Consequence of Farmland Erosion and Runoff
Djoukeng, Henri Grisseur ULg; Tankou, Christopher Mubeteneh; Degré, Aurore ULg

in International Journal of Agricultural Research and Reviews (2015), 3(3), 206-212

In the Western Highlands agro-ecological zone of Cameroon, rivers are constantly silted and polluted with eroded sediment and waste from cultivated land. This study characterizes and quantifies the amount ... [more ▼]

In the Western Highlands agro-ecological zone of Cameroon, rivers are constantly silted and polluted with eroded sediment and waste from cultivated land. This study characterizes and quantifies the amount of material coming from plots cultivated in the Méloh Watershed. In a natural rocky-bottomed well measuring 0.90 m deep, 3 m long, and 2.5 m wide, for a period of three years we performed the collection, differentiation, and measurement of trapped sediment in the cultivated part of river that runs through the watershed. Both cultivated sides of the watershed had fairly regular slopes of 14% on one side and 17% on the other side. The material retrieved consisted of soil, plant residues, chemical packages, and plastic casing used for irrigation. During the years 2012 and 2013, farmers practiced both flatbed cultivation and ridging along the steepest slopes. These two methods of land preparation are inefficient in terms of water conservation, as evidenced by the collection of 10.429 t.ha-1 average total sediment per year during this period. Tied ridging cultivation method was experimented during the 2013 crop year and adopted on 75% of plots in 2014. We subsequently collected 3.586 t.ha-1 total sediment, a decrease of 65.61% compared to the average of previous years. The tied ridging cultivation method significantly reduced siltation of the Méloh River (p<0.05). This study showed that traditional agricultural practices are a principal cause of siltation and pollution of the Méloh River. By extrapolation, we can state that the problem must occur in almost all rivers in the study area with similar topography and agricultural practices [less ▲]

Detailed reference viewed: 24 (11 ULg)
Full Text
See detailRessources secondaires et matériaux bio-sourcés pour une construction durable
Courard, Luc ULg

Scientific conference (2015, March 20)

Detailed reference viewed: 43 (3 ULg)
Full Text
See detailLes moudjahidines européens en Syrie et en Irak sous l'angle du droit des conflits armés
Deprez, Christophe ULg

Conference (2015, March 20)

Dans le cadre de la quatrième journée franco-belge de droit pénal, cette présentation PowerPoint a servi de support à un exposé portant sur le statut, en droit des conflits armés, des ressortissants ... [more ▼]

Dans le cadre de la quatrième journée franco-belge de droit pénal, cette présentation PowerPoint a servi de support à un exposé portant sur le statut, en droit des conflits armés, des ressortissants européens partis se battre en Syrie et en Irak. [less ▲]

Detailed reference viewed: 22 (2 ULg)
Full Text
See detailLE PROJET AGROMOB - Utilisation des matériaux bio-sourcés dans la construction
Grigoletto, Sophie ULg; Paul, Julien; Courard, Luc ULg

Conference given outside the academic context (2015)

Depuis une dizaine d'années, la construction à ossature bois représente un marché en plein essor. L'un des défauts de ce système constructif est son manque d'inertie thermique. Le projet Agromob a visé à ... [more ▼]

Depuis une dizaine d'années, la construction à ossature bois représente un marché en plein essor. L'un des défauts de ce système constructif est son manque d'inertie thermique. Le projet Agromob a visé à étudier la possibilité d'incorporer, dans la phase de préfabrication, une couche d'inertie fabriquée à partir de matériaux bio-sourcés à base d'argile et de quelques adjuvants. Le résultat est une haute capacité d'emmagasinement d'énergie par rapport à la surface et au volume utilisé dans le bâtiment. [less ▲]

Detailed reference viewed: 16 (1 ULg)
Full Text
See detailRomanian Standards for Energy Performance in Buildings Translation of the Romanian Standards for Energy Performance in Buildings
Attia, Shady ULg; Ana Muresan, Adina

Report (2015)

This work is a part of the Master of Science Thesis written during the mobility organized by the Erasmus + Programme for exchange students at Universite de Liege, in Belgium (Université de Liège, Belgique ... [more ▼]

This work is a part of the Master of Science Thesis written during the mobility organized by the Erasmus + Programme for exchange students at Universite de Liege, in Belgium (Université de Liège, Belgique), which is in bilateral agreement with Technical University of Cluj-Napoca, in Romania (Universitatea Tehnica din Cluj-Napoca, România) available between 2014 – 2020. The audience of this technical report is civil engineers and specialists in building energy and it aims to inform about the content of the standards for building energy performance used in Romania. The report presents the essential information of the Romanian standards for building energy performance, such as the calculation of the global thermal insulation coefficient or the annual heating demand, along with some critical aspects regarding the efficiency of the standards and their alignment with the European requirements and regulations. The original content of the standards is found in the official language Romanian and is published in the special law publication from Romania named Monitorul Oficial al României. The legislative body that approved the publication of the Romanian energy performance standards C107 – 2005, Mc001 – 2006, C107/6-02 and C107-02, along with their annexes and modifications is the Ministry of Transport, Constructions and Tourism (Ministerul Transporturilor, Construc iilor i Turismului). The content of the standards was elaborated by the following Romanian institutions: The University of Architecture and Urban Planning “Ion Mincu” – Bucharest (Universitatea de Arhitectura i Urbanism ”Ion Mincu” – Bucure ti), The Institute for Research in Buildings and Building Economy – Bucharest (Institutul de Cercetari în Construc ii i Economia Construc iilor INCERC – Bucure ti), The Associastion of the Building Service Engineers from Romania (Asocia ia Inginerilor de Instala ii din România – AIIR) and The Technical University of Civil Engineering – Bucharest (Universitatea Tehnica de Construc ii – Bucure ti). [less ▲]

Detailed reference viewed: 36 (11 ULg)
See detailIntroduction/Conclusion
Genin, Vincent ULg

Conference (2015, March 20)

Detailed reference viewed: 16 (3 ULg)
Full Text
Peer Reviewed
See detailInternational Classification of Primary Care in a cross-lingual terminology portal
Jamoulle, Marc ULg; Pizzanelli, Miguel; Grosjean, Julien et al

Poster (2015, March 20)

International Classification of Primary Care in a cross-lingual terminology portal M. Jamoulle1, M. Pizzanelli2, J. Grosjean 3 , G. Kerdelhué 3, SJ. Darmoni 3&4 1 Department of General practice, Liege ... [more ▼]

International Classification of Primary Care in a cross-lingual terminology portal M. Jamoulle1, M. Pizzanelli2, J. Grosjean 3 , G. Kerdelhué 3, SJ. Darmoni 3&4 1 Department of General practice, Liege University, Belgium 2 Unidad docente asistencial rural de Florida, Uruguay 3 Deparment of Biomedical Informatics, Rouen University Hospital, Normandy & TIBS, LITIS EA 4108, France 4 LIMICS, INSERM, U1142, Paris, France. ICPC is available in the HeTOP cross-lingual terminology portal (URL: www.hetop.eu) [1] in 19 languages, mostly European (e.g. Spanish, Portuguese) but also in Japanese or Mandarin. The HeTOP interface has been also translated in 10 languages, including by Wonca colleagues (in Turkish, Vietnamese and Romanian). This is very important for non-English speakers to access a health Web site in his/her native language. Thanks to a partial manual mapping between ICPC2 and MeSH, it is now also possible to query PubMed from 20% of ICPC2 codes. This task is time consuming as in lot of cases, the mapping is 1 to N (one ICPC code generates several MeSH terms; e.g. the ICPC term "diverticular disease" is mapped to two MeSH terms " diverticulosis, colonic" and " diverticulitis". HeTOP currently contains 56 health terminologies and ontologies (only 17 are included in UMLS as most of them are French terminologies), 1,951,834 concepts, 6,636,000 terms, 8,023,181 relations and 1,340,855 relations. Overall, HeTOP contains 108 millions of SPARQL triplets. These figures underlines the possible application of the so called "health big data". Overall, the number of distinct UMLS concepts with at least one French translation in UMLS (MeSH, MedDRA, WHOART, ICPC) is 45,405 vs. 317,539 in HeTOP. 1. Grosjean, J; Merabti, T; Griffon, N; Dahamna, B & Darmoni, SJ. Teaching medicine with a terminology/ontology portal. Stud Health Technol Inform 2012:180;949-53. [less ▲]

Detailed reference viewed: 66 (5 ULg)
See detailRelations internationales et diplomatie à l’époque confessionnelle (1517-1648)
Regibeau, Julien ULg

Conference given outside the academic context (2015)

Detailed reference viewed: 18 (0 ULg)
Full Text
Peer Reviewed
See detailGreenland high-elevation mass balance: inference and implication of reference period (1961–90) imbalance
Colgan, W.; Box, J.; Andersen, M. et al

in Annals of Glaciology (2015), 56(70), 105117

We revisit the input–output mass budget of the high-elevation region of the Greenland ice sheet evaluated by the Program for Arctic Regional Climate Assessment (PARCA). Our revised reference period ... [more ▼]

We revisit the input–output mass budget of the high-elevation region of the Greenland ice sheet evaluated by the Program for Arctic Regional Climate Assessment (PARCA). Our revised reference period (1961–90) mass balance of 54 48 Gt a–1 is substantially greater than the 0 21 Gt a–1 assessed by PARCA, but consistent with a recent, fully independent, input–output estimate of high-elevation mass balance (41 61 Gt a–1). Together these estimates infer a reference period high-elevation specific mass balance of 4.8 5.4 cm w.e. a–1. The probability density function (PDF) associated with this combined input–output estimate infers an 81% likelihood of high-elevation specific mass balance being positive (>0 cm w.e. a–1) during the reference period, and a 70% likelihood that specific balance was >2 cm w.e. a–1. Given that reference period accumulation is characteristic of centurial and millennial means, and that in situ mass-balance observations exhibit a dependence on surface slope rather than surface mass balance, we suggest that millennial-scale ice dynamics are the primary driver of subtle reference period high-elevation mass gain. Failure to acknowledge subtle reference period dynamic mass gain can result in underestimating recent dynamic mass loss by 17%, and recent total Greenland mass loss by 7%. [less ▲]

Detailed reference viewed: 56 (0 ULg)
Full Text
See detailL'évolution de la conception des aliments : de l'empirisme à la formulation raisonnée
Blecker, Christophe ULg

Scientific conference (2015, March 19)

Detailed reference viewed: 15 (0 ULg)
Full Text
Peer Reviewed
See detailAnálisis de contenido e indexación de 1.600 resúmenes de los trabajos en varios Congreso Europeo de Medicina Familiar.
Jamoulle, Marc ULg

Conference (2015, March 19)

Análisis de contenido e indexación de 1.600 resúmenes de los trabajos en varios Congreso Europeo de Medicina Familiar Marc Jamoulle, Department of General Practice, Liege University, Belgium La ... [more ▼]

Análisis de contenido e indexación de 1.600 resúmenes de los trabajos en varios Congreso Europeo de Medicina Familiar Marc Jamoulle, Department of General Practice, Liege University, Belgium La comunicación en congresos de medicina de familia es un trabajo importante. La indexación de estas comunicaciones es un problema no resuelto. Manejar el conocimiento acumulado es un reto para la profesión de médico de familia. Análisis de la presentación de resúmenes para Wonca Europe 2007, APMF Covilha 2013 (po), CNGE (fr) 2013 y 2014, Swiss Family Physician 2014 Medicina de Familia Belga en 2014 se llevó a cabo por tablas Excel después usando el software de análisis cualitativo ATLAS .ti. Se seleccionaron los códigos para la identificación de los conceptos clínicos en la Clasificación Internacional de Atención Primaria (CIAP-2) y los Q-Codes, una herramienta de clasificación personal para la identificación de los conceptos no clínicos . La codificación era manual, y por un solo observador. Resúmenes de la conferencia CNGE Lille en 2014 se pusieron a disposición cuando están disponible en línea y han sido analizados antes de la conferencia y discutido en este Se analizaron aproximadamente 1.600 resúmenes. Este análisis demuestra la posibilidad de utilizar la Clasificación Internacional de Atención Primaria (CIAP-2) para identificar problemas clínicos discutidos por los participantes. También se crea una lista de 190 conceptos discutidos por médicos de familia europeos. 190 conceptos se clasifican en una lista de autoridad y se llaman Q-Codes. La letra Q ha sido escogido por no ser utilizada en ICPC. Juntos, ICPC y Q-Codes forman una clasificación denominada 3CGP. Los resúmenes codificados se introducirán en sistema de gestión de conferencias expresado en smartphone y sitio web. El análisis de estos conceptos se inició con la ayuda de médicos de familia colegas de Brasil, España, Argentina y Uruguay. La correspondencia con el sistema de MeSH de Medline se busca en www.hetop.eu . Ayuda de BIREME, el Centro Latinoamericano de la OPS que mantiene los descriptores DeCS se obtuvo en especial para los conceptos sin correspondencia con MeSH. Médicos de familia voluntarios para participar en el estudio terminológico y bibliografía de los conceptos de estudio son bienvenidos. La lista de los 190 conceptos identificados en 2014 está disponible en Inglés, francés, español y portugués en http://docpatient.net/3CGP/Q-codes_multil20141126.pdf [less ▲]

Detailed reference viewed: 51 (3 ULg)
Full Text
See detailLes plus anciens livres latins de poésie: étude codicologiue, paléographique et contextuelle des manuscrits datés du Ier siècle avant notre ère au VIe siècle.
Macedo, Gabriel ULg

Doctoral thesis (2015)

Codicological, paleographic and contextual study of the 34 oldest manuscripts and fragments containing latin poetry.

Detailed reference viewed: 19 (6 ULg)
See detail«Viejismo » y prácticas profesionales : cuáles son las consecuencias para la persona mayor con discapacidad intelectual?
Clesse, Audrey ULg; Missotten, Pierre ULg; Richard, Ulrich et al

Conference (2015, March 18)

En Europe, nous avons une image négative du vieillissement : l’âge (le fait d’avoir plus de 55 ans) apparaît comme le facteur de discrimination le plus important, avant le sexe, l’origine ethnique ou la ... [more ▼]

En Europe, nous avons une image négative du vieillissement : l’âge (le fait d’avoir plus de 55 ans) apparaît comme le facteur de discrimination le plus important, avant le sexe, l’origine ethnique ou la religion (Eurobaromètre, 2012). L’âgisme – le fait de transmettre des stéréotypes négatifs en lien avec l’âge – influence de manière négative la santé mentale et physique de la personne discriminée (Levy, 2003; Levy et al., 2009), mais également ses interactions avec les autres (Williams et al., 2003; 2009). A l’heure actuelle, une personne porteuse d’une trisomie 21 vit en moyenne jusqu’à 55 ans, alors qu’elle vivait jusqu’à l’âge de 20 ans en 1929 (Bittles & Glasson, 2004). Cette nouvelle longévité pose de nouveaux défis inédits, tantôt pour les personnes avec déficience, que pour les famille et les professionnels du domaine : rythme différent, diminution des capacités, apparition de maladies dégénératives, etc. Autant de changements qui nécessitent une adaptation des pratiques dans les services sociaux (McGhee & Dorsett, 2011; Wark et al., 2014), entre autres les comportements et les attitudes véhiculés par l’âgisme. Par exemple, nous parlons plus lentement, plus fort et avec un vocabulaire plus simple lorsque nous communiquons avec une personne âgée. Ces changements verbaux, appelés « elderspeak » (Williams et al., 2003; 2009), influencent également les capacités de communication de la personne âgée (bégaiement, anxiété, etc) et son estime de soi, créant ainsi un effet circulaire. Notre recherche s’intéresse à la vision que possèdent les professionnels du vieillissement de la personne handicapée, ainsi qu’à son impact sur cet effet circulaire. [less ▲]

Detailed reference viewed: 14 (3 ULg)
Full Text
Peer Reviewed
See detailOptimization of a PGSS (particles from gas saturated solutions) process for a fenofibrate lipid-based solid dispersion formulation
Pestieau, Aude ULg; Krier, Fabrice ULg; Lebrun, Pierre ULg et al

in International Journal of Pharmaceutics (2015), 485

The aim of this study was to develop a formulation containing fenofibrate and Gelucire® 50/13 (Gattefossé, France) in order to improve the oral bioavailability of the drug. Particles from Gas Saturated ... [more ▼]

The aim of this study was to develop a formulation containing fenofibrate and Gelucire® 50/13 (Gattefossé, France) in order to improve the oral bioavailability of the drug. Particles from Gas Saturated Solutions (PGSS) process was chosen for investigation as a manufacturing process for producing a solid dispersion. The PGSS process was optimized according to the in vitro drug dissolution profile obtained using a biphasic dissolution test. Using a design of experiments approach, the effects of nine experimental parameters were investigated using a PGSS apparatus provided by Separex® (Champigneulles, France). Within the chosen experimental conditions, the screening results showed that the drug loading level, the autoclave temperature and pressure, the connection temperature and the nozzle diameter had a significant influence on the dissolution profile of fenofibrate. During the optimization step, the three most relevant parameters were optimized using a central composite design, while other factors remained fixed. In this way, we were able to identify the optimal production conditions that would deliver the highest level of fenofibrate in the organic phase at the end of the dissolution test. The closeness between the measured and the predicted optimal dissolution profiles in the organic phase demonstrated the validity of the statistical analyses. [less ▲]

Detailed reference viewed: 9 (1 ULg)