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See detailOccupational physicians managing workers long-term sickness absence : are they willing to cooperate with family and social insurance physicians ?
Mairiaux, Philippe ULg; Vanmeerbeek, Marc ULg; Schippers, Nathalie ULg et al

Conference (2015, June)

Introduction In Belgium, sickness absence (SA) management implies complementary roles for family (FPs), social insurance (SIPs) and occupational physicians (OPs): FPs deliver sick notes, SIPs control SA ... [more ▼]

Introduction In Belgium, sickness absence (SA) management implies complementary roles for family (FPs), social insurance (SIPs) and occupational physicians (OPs): FPs deliver sick notes, SIPs control SA benefits and OPs strive to adapt work environments to workers’ capacities. In practice however, there is little cooperation between the three physicians. This study aimed at identifying FP-OP-SIP cooperation channels in order to prevent long-term work disability. Methods The study involved two phases. (1) Using the nominal group technique, researchers from the three physician groups reached a consensus on 15 proposals to enhance inter-professional cooperation. (2) A Delphi study was conducted to validate these proposals: 61 experts representing professional groups of physicians (FP, SIP, OP), patients, government, employers and labor unions were asked to participate. A 18-items questionnaire (the 15 proposals + 3 open questions) was used in a 2-round Delphi study. Proposals were accepted if 80% of experts agreed. Results Participation rate was 77% in round 1 and 7 out of the 15 proposals were accepted. During round 2, participation rate was 94%; 2 of the remaining proposals reached agreement level. Public authorities were thus advised to invest in a) promotion of pre-return to work visit with the OP for sick-listed patients; b) a website with OPs contact data; c) joint guidelines for return to work guidance; d) joint training of the 3 physician groups; 5) safe electronic information exchange. Several proposals aiming at giving work-related information to FPs and SIPs did not reach agreement within the OPs expert group. OPs expressed concerns about their own workload and FPs or SIPs ability to understand and use those information. Discussion The need for inter-physician cooperation in disability management may exceed individual goodwill and should best be organised by public authorities. This study may be a first step in this process. [less ▲]

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See detailLes corps des scientifiques et de l’intellectuel dans la revue La recherche
Dondero, Maria Giulia ULg

in Havelange, Carl (Ed.) La lettre et l'image (2015, June)

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See detail“Pourquoi écrivez-vous ?” Création et sacralisation
Saint-Amand, Denis ULg

Conference (2015, June)

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See detailSemiótica de la acción: textualización y notación
Dondero, Maria Giulia ULg

in Tópicos del seminario (2015), 31

Our essay focuses on some methodological issues concerning the semiotic analysis of practice. We will initially retrace the debate about the epistemological relationship between text and action, outlining ... [more ▼]

Our essay focuses on some methodological issues concerning the semiotic analysis of practice. We will initially retrace the debate about the epistemological relationship between text and action, outlining the forms of enunciative praxis through different levels of pertinence analysis. Secondly, we propose the concept of ‘textualization’ as a mediation between text and action: textualizations (photographs, videos, notes) organize and represent practices which are in themselves ephemeral and elusive. Finally, we will consider the textual diagrammatization that we call ‘notation’: this analytical form of mediation between text and practice does not have the same status of in-vivo textualisations, but it works like an ex-post reconstruction which highlights the main gestures and exchanges while performing their grammaticalization. A more general aim of this essay is an enquiry into the legitimate objects of textual semiotics: what are the objects that it can analyze without betraying its principle of immanence, but also without being confined to it and, as a consequence, being unable to analyze practices and respond to topical questions on social issues and on the research in the human sciences? [less ▲]

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See detailLe donné phénoménal de Tim Crane
Gauvry, Charlotte ULg

Conference (2015, May 28)

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See detailPrésentation de cas pratique - atelier n°2 « Outils et méthodes de formation : quels outils (EAD, MOOC, partage social, manuels...) et quelles méthodes (enseignement mixte, classe inversée, résolution de problèmes, travaux en groupe...) face à des groupes de tailles très variables ? Comment former avec peu de moyens (financiers, humains, matériels) ? »
Pasquet, Coralie ULg

Conference (2015, May 18)

Au cours du premier quadrimestre de l’année académique 2014 - 2015, une nouvelle activité a été proposée aux 280 étudiants inscrits en 3ième année du grade de Bachelier en Médecine à ... [more ▼]

Au cours du premier quadrimestre de l’année académique 2014 - 2015, une nouvelle activité a été proposée aux 280 étudiants inscrits en 3ième année du grade de Bachelier en Médecine à l’Université de Liège, ce dans le cadre du « Module Système Nerveux ». La réalisation progressive de cette activité s'est effectuée exclusivement en ligne. [less ▲]

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See detailPartenariats entre services publics de l'emploi et opérateurs privés. Une question de confiance?
Remy, Céline ULg

Scientific conference (2015, May 13)

À l’heure des politiques d’activation des demandeurs d’emploi et d’un taux de chômage élevé, il semble tout particulièrement intéressant d’interroger les réformes institutionnelles des services publics de ... [more ▼]

À l’heure des politiques d’activation des demandeurs d’emploi et d’un taux de chômage élevé, il semble tout particulièrement intéressant d’interroger les réformes institutionnelles des services publics de l’emploi (SPE), notamment en matière de partenariats. Fin des années 90, la Commission européenne invite les SPE à établir des collaborations avec des organismes d’insertion socioprofessionnelle. Les SPE doivent déléguer une partie de leur mission d’accompagnement des demandeurs d’emploi à des opérateurs privés marchands et non-marchands. Des partenariats publics-privés voient progressivement le jour. Leur objectif est la mise en place de projets de formation et d’accompagnement à destination des demandeurs d’emploi en vue de la réinsertion de ceux-ci dans un emploi stable et de qualité. Perdant leur monopole en matière d’accompagnement, les SPE se repositionnent sur le marché de l’emploi en tant qu’« institution régulatrice » de ce marché. Déléguer leur mission aux opérateurs privés engendre nécessairement la question de la confiance. Comment les SPE accordent-ils leur confiance à ces organismes ? Une étude menée auprès de trois services publics de l’emploi, situés en Belgique et en Suisse, nous a permis d’analyser en profondeur les collaborations entre l’Office de l’Emploi et ses prestataires de service. La recherche porte tout particulièrement sur la construction, la vie et les effets du partenariat en termes de confiance. [less ▲]

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See detailL'approche grammaticale ou l'inanité de l'opposition sémantique/syntaxe
Gauvry, Charlotte ULg

Conference (2015, May 07)

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See detailLatin as literary Language in Constantinople ca. 400-700la
Rochette, Bruno ULg

Scientific conference (2015, May 06)

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See detailTesting of a Spacecraft Structure with Non-Smooth Nonlinearities
Renson, Ludovic ULg; Noël, Jean-Philippe ULg; Kerschen, Gaëtan ULg

Conference (2015, May)

The dynamics of the SmallSat, a real-life spacecraft possessing a complex isolation device with multiple nonsmooth nonlinearities is investigated. Experiments show that nonlinearities induce modal ... [more ▼]

The dynamics of the SmallSat, a real-life spacecraft possessing a complex isolation device with multiple nonsmooth nonlinearities is investigated. Experiments show that nonlinearities induce modal interactions between modes with non-commensurate linear frequencies. A model of the structure with a simplified description of the nonlinear connections is first built using techniques available in industry. Numerical continuation is then exploited to compute nonlinear normal modes and uncover interaction phenomena that can jeopardize the structural integrity. [less ▲]

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See detailPerformance-Based Aid: Why it will probably not meet promises
Paul, Elisabeth ULg

in Development Policy Review (2015), 33(3),

Performance-based aid (PBA) is increasingly advocated as a way to improve development aid effectiveness through resolving incentive issues inherent in aid relationships. Some donors use PBA together with ... [more ▼]

Performance-based aid (PBA) is increasingly advocated as a way to improve development aid effectiveness through resolving incentive issues inherent in aid relationships. Some donors use PBA together with performance-based financing arrangements within partner countries. Expectations from PBA are high – yet, while its rationale may look appealing, it is grounded on a restrictive model and flawed when taking account of real-world context. A number of problems associated to PBA have already been advanced as jeopardising its success. More fundamentally, one may question the mere appropriateness of PBA to provide incentives all along the chain from recipient governments to those who are supposed to produce results. Thus believing that PBA can have a mechanistic trickle-down incentive effect seems an illusion. [less ▲]

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See detailFictions du groupe littéraire
Saint-Amand, Denis ULg

Scientific conference (2015, April 17)

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See detailAnisotropy and tension-compression asymmetry modeling of the room temperature plastic response of Ti-6A1-4V
Tuninetti, Victor; Gilles, Gaëtan ULg; Pardoen, Thomas et al

in International Journal of Plasticity (2015), 67

The mechanical behavior of the alloy Ti-6A1-4V is characterized using uniaxial tension, uniaxial compression, simple shear and place strain tests in three orthogonal material directions. The experimental ... [more ▼]

The mechanical behavior of the alloy Ti-6A1-4V is characterized using uniaxial tension, uniaxial compression, simple shear and place strain tests in three orthogonal material directions. The experimental results reveal tension/compression asymmetry, anisotropic yielding and anisotropic strain-hardening. These features are incorporated into an elasto-plastic constitutive law based on the macroscopic orthotropic yield criterion "CPB06" adapted to hexagonal metals. A new identification method for the yield criterion parameters is proposed by inverse modeling of the axial strain field compression specimens in the three orthogonal directions of the material. The sensitivity of different sets of material parameters to the identification method is also analysed and the capacity of the model to accurately predict the forces and displacement field is discussed. A validation of the best set of identified CPB06material parameters is performed by comparing the load-displacement curves in different loading directions for tensile tests on notched round bars with different levels of stress triaxiality and for compression tests on elliptical cross-section specimens, both tests involving multiaxial strain fields and large deformations. [less ▲]

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See detailThe words of prevention, part II: ten terms in the realm of quaternary prevention
Jamoulle, Marc ULg; Gavilan, Enrique; Cardoso, Raquel Val et al

in Revista Brasileira de Medicina de Família e Comunidade (2015)

ABSTRACT Objective: This part II article about the ‘words of prevention’ presents in a terminological way the content of ten current concepts used in the prevention domain which are closely linked to ... [more ▼]

ABSTRACT Objective: This part II article about the ‘words of prevention’ presents in a terminological way the content of ten current concepts used in the prevention domain which are closely linked to quaternary prevention: (1) overinformation, (2) overdiagnosis, (3) medically unexplained symptoms, (4) overmedicalisation, (5) incidentaloma, (6) overscreening, (7) overtreatment, (8) shared decision making, (9) deprescribing, and (10) disease mongering. Methods: with the support of the laboratory team of the University of Rouen, France, which is dedicated to medical terminology and semantic relationships, it was possible to utilize a graphic user interface (called DBGUI) allowing the construction of links for each of chosen terms, and making automatic links to MeSH, if any. Those concepts are analyzed in their environment in current literature, as well as in their MeSH counterparts, if any, and related semantic online terminologies. Results and Discussion: The rules in terminological development aspire to cover the whole field of a concept and in the meantime, it helps to avoid the noise due to proxy and not exactly related issues. This refers to exhaustivity and specificity in information retrieval. Our finds show that referring to MeSH only in information retrieval in General Practice/Family medicine can induce much noise and poor adequacy to the subject investigated. Conclusion: Gathering concepts in specially prepared terminologies for further development of ontologies is a necessity to enter in the semantic web area and the era of distributed data. [less ▲]

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See detailThe words of prevention, part I: changing the model
Jamoulle, Marc ULg; Gavilan, Enrique; Cardoso, Raquel Val et al

in Revista Brasileira de Medicina de Família e Comunidade (2015)

ABSTRACT Objective: This part I article explores the different meanings of relevant keywords for General Practice/Family Medicine (GP/FM) in the prevention domain. The aim is to contribute to information ... [more ▼]

ABSTRACT Objective: This part I article explores the different meanings of relevant keywords for General Practice/Family Medicine (GP/FM) in the prevention domain. The aim is to contribute to information process in GP/FM by keeping in line with the main terms used in health care organization. Methods: Important keywords for GP/FM in the prevention domain were selected. Then, a search was carried out on the main sources in GP/FM databases, as well as in Medical Subject Heading and major terminological databases available online. Results and Discussion: There is discrepancy between the conceptual contents of major prevention models amongst the usual bibliographic sources of knowledge in GP/FM in particular and medicine in general. Conclusion: For GP/FM, distribution of preventive activities is now firmly established on a new constructivist model, privileging the doctor-patient relationships and introducing a cybernetic thinking on the health care activities with a special commitment to ethics and the positive duty of beneficence. [less ▲]

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See detailPrevenção quaternária: primeiro não causar dano - Editorial
Jamoulle, Marc ULg

in Revista Brasileira de Medicina de Família e Comunidade (2015)

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See detailQuaternary prevention: first, do not harm - Editorial
Jamoulle, Marc ULg

in Revista Brasileira de Medicina de Família e Comunidade (2015)

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