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See detailThe Perceived Value of Passive Animal Health Surveillance: The Case of Highly Pathogenic Avian Influenza in Vietnam
Delabouglise, Alexis; Antoine-Moussiaux, Nicolas ULg; Phan, T.D et al

in Zoonoses and Public Health (in press)

Economic evaluations are critical for the assessment of the efficiency and sustain- ability of animal health surveillance systems and the improvement of their effi- ciency. Methods identifying and ... [more ▼]

Economic evaluations are critical for the assessment of the efficiency and sustain- ability of animal health surveillance systems and the improvement of their effi- ciency. Methods identifying and quantifying costs and benefits incurred by public and private actors of passive surveillance systems (i.e. actors of veterinary author- ities and private actors who may report clinical signs) are needed. This study pre- sents the evaluation of perceived costs and benefits of highly pathogenic avian influenza (HPAI) passive surveillance in Vietnam. Surveys based on participatory epidemiology methods were conducted in three provinces in Vietnam to collect data on costs and benefits resulting from the reporting of HPAI suspicions to vet- erinary authorities. A quantitative tool based on stated preference methods and participatory techniques was developed and applied to assess the non-monetary costs and benefits. The study showed that poultry farmers are facing several options regarding the management of HPAI suspicions, besides reporting the fol- lowing: treatment, sale or destruction of animals. The option of reporting was associated with uncertain outcome and transaction costs. Besides, actors antici- pated the release of health information to cause a drop of markets prices. This cost was relevant at all levels, including farmers, veterinary authorities and private actors of the upstream sector (feed, chicks and medicine supply). One benefit associated with passive surveillance was the intervention of public services to clean farms and the environment to limit the disease spread. Private actors of the poultry sector valued information on HPAI suspicions (perceived as a non-mon- etary benefit) which was mainly obtained from other private actors and media. [less ▲]

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See detailArticle "Hippocrate"
Ricciardetto, Antonio ULg

in Zawieja, Philippe (Ed.) Dictionnaire de la fatigue (in press)

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See detailArticle "Galien"
Ricciardetto, Antonio ULg

in Zawieja, Philippe (Ed.) Dictionnaire de la fatigue (in press)

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See detailDeux ensembles augustéens, fouillés sous la Schola du Trajan à Ostie
Deru, Xavier ULg; Desbat, Armand; Motta, Lucie et al

in Rei Cretariae Romanae Fautorum Acta (in press)

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See detailUne divine princesse au zèle fervent. La politique dévotionnelle d’Isabelle Claire Eugénie dans les Pays-Bas méridionaux
Delfosse, Annick ULg

in Gaude-Ferragu, Muriel; Vincent-Cassy (Eds.) La dame de cœur. Le patronage religieux des reines et des princesses (XIVe-XVIIe siècle) (in press)

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See detailDilthey et l'empirisme psychologique
Dewalque, Arnaud ULg

in Camilleri, Sylvain; Fagniez, Guillaume (Eds.) Dilthey et l'histoire (in press)

Je discute ici le projet diltheyen d'une "fondation psychologique des sciences de l'esprit". Je suggère que ce projet peut être rapproché d’un certain programme épistémologique baptisé "empirisme ... [more ▼]

Je discute ici le projet diltheyen d'une "fondation psychologique des sciences de l'esprit". Je suggère que ce projet peut être rapproché d’un certain programme épistémologique baptisé "empirisme psychologique". L’hypothèse qui se trouve à la base de l’empirisme psychologique est la suivante : l’expérience interne, psychologique, est la source des concepts au moyen desquels nous pouvons penser et connaître le monde. Après avoir brièvement reconstruit le programme diltheyen en ce sens, j'examine deux objections qui ont été soulevées contre lui: l'objection néokantienne (Windelband, Rickert) et l'objection psychologique (Ebbinghaus, Stumpf). La seconde, selon moi, met en évidence une difficulté réelle du projet de Dilthey: la "connexion structurelle de la vie" dans sa totalité peut difficilement être considérée comme "donnée" dans l'expérience interne, ainsi que l'affirme Dilthey. Je soutient donc que le programme de l'empirisme psychologique peut être poursuivi à condition de le débarrasser de cette thèse problématique. [less ▲]

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See detailSe faire « manger par l’autre ». Stratégie féminines d’affirmation de soi en contexte public.
Mescoli, Elsa ULg

in Etrangers au Maghreb. Maghrébins à l’étranger : politiques publiques à l’épreuve de la société civile : XIXe-XXIe siècles. Actes du colloque. (in press)

Cette communication vise à étudier la participation des femmes migrantes marocaines à la vie sociale du « pays d’accueil » ; participation qui se réalise grâce aux activités de la vie quotidienne. En ... [more ▼]

Cette communication vise à étudier la participation des femmes migrantes marocaines à la vie sociale du « pays d’accueil » ; participation qui se réalise grâce aux activités de la vie quotidienne. En particulier, la performance publique des pratiques culinaires, observée dans une ville de la province de Milan, permet aux femmes considérées d’exercer une agency à l’intérieur des espaces institutionnellement concédés à l’expression des migrants. D’un côté, la consommation des « recettes de l’Autre » de la part de la population majoritaire détermine une incorporation de la diversité afin de la contrôler. De l’autre côté, la préparation de ces recettes consent aux migrantes d’exprimer leur subjectivité (individuelle et collective) de façon active et en présentant des aspects qui vont au-delà de la culture alimentaire. Une participation sociale fondée sur le partage de nourriture donne la possibilité aux femmes d’assumer un rôle actif dans la communauté locale, tout en affirmant ses propres spécificités. Des sujets tels que la liberté religieuse sont abordés, et certains droits peuvent être réclamés par des individus qui ont ainsi acquis une position politiquement importante au sein de la société locale. [less ▲]

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See detailCountries of origin as organisers of emigration: Moroccans and Turks in Belgium.
Gsir, Sonia ULg; Mandin, Jérémy ULg; Mescoli, Elsa ULg

in Fargues, P.; Weinar, A.; Di Bartolomeo, A. (Eds.) et al From Home to Home? How countries of origin impact immigrant integration outcomes, volume 2 (empirical findings), (in press)

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See detailPoplar-root-knot nematode interaction: a model for perennial woody species
Baldacci-Cresp, Fabien; Sacre, Pierre-Yves ULg; Twyffels, Laure et al

in Molecular Plant-Microbe Interactions [=MPMI] (in press)

Plant root-knot nematode interaction studies are performed on several host plant models. However, even though root-knot nematodes interact with trees, no perennial woody model has been explored so far. We ... [more ▼]

Plant root-knot nematode interaction studies are performed on several host plant models. However, even though root-knot nematodes interact with trees, no perennial woody model has been explored so far. We show here that poplar (Populus tremula x Populus alba) grown in vitro is susceptible to Meloidogyne incognita as this nematode is able to penetrate, to induce feeding sites and to reproduce in poplar roots. As analyzed by Raman spectromicroscopy, the cell walls of the giant cells, with typical characteristics of transfer cell walls, were not lignified and were composed mainly of pectin and cellulose. To better depict the poplar-nematode interaction at the molecular level, a quantitative RT-PCR analysis was performed to study changes in poplar gene expression in galls compared to non-infected roots. Three marker genes, reported for other plant hosts, including expansin A, histone 3.1 and asparagine synthase, were conserved for poplar-nematode interaction. In addition, the down-regulation of four genes coding for enzymes of the lignin biosynthesis pathway was evidenced in galls, suggesting a modification in lignin composition within galls developed in poplar roots. Together, this study shows that poplar is a suitable model host for specific traits of tree-nematode interaction. [less ▲]

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See detailRobert Brisart, la no ready-made theory
Dewalque, Arnaud ULg; Leclercq, Bruno ULg; Seron, Denis ULg

in Brisart, Robert; Gauvry, Charlotte (Eds.) Perception et concept. Le conceptualisme en question (in press)

Préambule exposant les grandes lignes du "constructivisme conceptualiste" défendu par Robert Brisart (1953-2015), inopinément décédé au cours de la préparation de ce volume.

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See detailStéphane Mallarmé (1842-1898)
Durand, Pascal ULg

in Sapiro, Gisèle (Ed.) Dictionnaire international Bourdieu (in press)

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See detailQue peut la rhétorique pour les études francophones ?, ou comment étudier les enjeux de catégorisation et d’institutionnalisation
Provenzano, François ULg

in Anders Baggesgaard, Mads; Verstraete-Hansen, Lisbeth (Eds.) Le monde en français – les littératures francophones dans un espace mondialisé (in press)

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See detailProjections photographiques et cinéma des premiers temps : La houillère de Gustave Marissiaux et les origines du cinéma minier
Mélon, Marc-Emmanuel ULg

in Intermédialités : Histoire et Théorie des Arts, des Lettres et des Techniques = Intermediality: History and Theory of the Arts, Literature and Technologies (in press)

Les spectacles de projection conçus par Gustave Marissiaux entre 1903 et 1926, en particulier le vaste documentaire intitulé "La houillère" (1905) est ici inscrit dans une histoire sociale des images ... [more ▼]

Les spectacles de projection conçus par Gustave Marissiaux entre 1903 et 1926, en particulier le vaste documentaire intitulé "La houillère" (1905) est ici inscrit dans une histoire sociale des images projetées et mis en rapport avec le cinéma minier des premiers temps [less ▲]

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See detailBelgique
Durand, Pascal ULg

in Sapiro, Gisèle (Ed.) Dictionnaire international Bourdieu (in press)

Article de grande synthèse sur l'accueil et le relais fait à la sociologie de Bourdieu dans le champ intellectuel et universitaire belge.

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See detailULTRASONOGRAPHIC FINDINGS IN 13 HORSES WITH LYMPHOMA
Janvier, Valentin; Evrard, Laurence ULg; Cerri, Simona ULg et al

in Veterinary Radiology & Ultrasound (in press)

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See detailTowards an Novel Stiff String Model for the Torque and Drag Problem
Huynen, Alexandre ULg

Conference (in press)

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See detailA qPCR aptasensor for sensitive detection of aflatoxin M1
Guo, Xiaodong; Wen, Fang; Zheng, Nan et al

in Analytical and Bioanalytical Chemistry (in press)

Aflatoxin M1 (AFM1), one of the most toxic mycotoxins, imposes serious health hazards. AFM1 had previously been classified as a group 2B carcinogen1 and has been classified as a group 1 carcinogen by the ... [more ▼]

Aflatoxin M1 (AFM1), one of the most toxic mycotoxins, imposes serious health hazards. AFM1 had previously been classified as a group 2B carcinogen1 and has been classified as a group 1 carcinogen by the International Agency for Research on Cancer (IARC) of the World Health Organization (WHO).2 Determination of AFM1 thus plays an important role for quality control of food safety. In this work, a sensitive and reliable aptasensor was developed for the detection of AFM1. The immobilization of aptamer through a strong interaction with biotin–streptavidin was used as a molecular recognition element, and its complementary ssDNA was employed as the template for a real-time quantitative polymerase chain reaction (RT-qPCR) amplification. Under optimized assay conditions, a linear relationship (ranging from 1.0×10-4 to 1.0 µg L-1) was achieved with a limit of detection (LOD) down to 0.03 ng L-1. In addition, the aptasensor developed here exhibits high selectivity for AFM1 over other mycotoxins and small effects from cross-reaction with structural analogs. The method proposed here has been successfully applied to quantitative determination of AFM1 in infant rice cereal and infant milk powder samples. Results demonstrated that the current approach is potentially useful for food safety analysis, and it could be extended to a large number of targets. [less ▲]

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