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See detailExploring the effect of a second closely-timed PRP infiltration for tendinopathy
Kaux, Jean-François ULiege; Croisier, Jean-Louis ULiege; Forthomme, Bénédicte ULiege et al

in British Journal of Sports Medicine (in press)

Introduction: Some clinical series have previously evaluated the effect of PRP in the treatment of proximal patellar tendinopathies. Although it is possible that a single infiltrative administration may ... [more ▼]

Introduction: Some clinical series have previously evaluated the effect of PRP in the treatment of proximal patellar tendinopathies. Although it is possible that a single infiltrative administration may prove to be an effective treatment for this indication, most of the existing studies evaluated the effects of successive infiltrations which is arguably likely to increase the risks of complications. Methods: Our study is a single blinded, randomized controlled clinical trial on 20 leisure sportsmen (2 groups, respectively 1 or 2 infiltrations of pure PRP) with chronic proximal patellar tendinopathies, rebel to classical management. PRP was obtained using an aphaeresis machine. The one-year follow-up evaluation consisted of VAS, IKDC and VISA-P scores, while algometer, isokinetic and ultrasounds evaluations were carried out up to 3 months. Results: The concentration of the PRP used was similar in both groups. The VAS significantly decreased with time over the 3-month follow-up period (p=0.002), with no difference observed between the two groups (p=0.2). Values obtained with the pressure algometer increased with time across both groups over the 3-month follow-up period (p<0.0001), and values were significantly higher for Group 1 (p=0.001). The IKDC score increased with time in both groups over the follow-up period (p=0.034), with values again significantly higher for Group 1 (p=0.0026). The VISA-P score increased with time in both groups over the follow-up period (p=0.0023), with no difference observed between the groups (p=0.41). No improvements in isokinetic physical performance were observed in either group. However, pain during E30 significantly decreased over the 3-month follow-up period (p=0.027) for patients in both groups. No improvement in either jumping performances or in pain was observed in either group during opto-jump evaluation. No improvements in US findings were observed. After one year, 90% patients of group 1 did not report anymore pain during daily activities, in comparison with only 20% in group 2. Conclusions: A second closely-timed infiltration of PRP to treat proximal patellar tendinopathies is not necessary to improve the efficacy of this treatment. [less ▲]

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See detailComparison of Platelet Rich Plasma (PRP) versus Hyaluronic Acid (HA) injections to treat patellar tendinopathies
Kaux, Jean-François ULiege; Roberjot, Mathieu; SAMSON, Antoine ULiege

in British Journal of Sports Medicine (in press)

Introduction: The treatment of patellar tendinopathies could be difficult. Recent systematic review concluded that PRP could be recommend as a treatment in such indication. Recently, the viscoelastic ... [more ▼]

Introduction: The treatment of patellar tendinopathies could be difficult. Recent systematic review concluded that PRP could be recommend as a treatment in such indication. Recently, the viscoelastic properties of hyaluronic acid (HA) on liquid connective tissue have been proposed for the treatment of tendinopathies. Some observations also support its use in a clinical setting to improve pain and function. We aimed to compare the effect of PRP injection versus two injections of HA after three months on patients who have a proximal patellar tendinopathy. Methods: Thirty-three sportsmen with proximal patellar tendinopathies being not relieved after minimum three months of normal physiotherapy treatments where included. Eighteen of them (group 1) have received a leukocyte poor PRP injection (obtained using an aphaeresis machine (3)) and the other fifteen (group 2) two HA injections, all of them have benefited of standardized rehabilitation. Concerning the evaluation of the pathology, algo-functional tests (visual analogic scale (VAS), pressure algometer, IKDC score, VISA-P score), isokinetic (associated to VAS) along with the patellar tendon ultrasonography (US) have been realized over three times (pre-injection, after 6 weeks, after 3 months post-injections). Results: The results of VAS (p<0,01), algometric scores (p<0,01), IKDC scores (p<0,01) and VISA-P (p<0,01) show a considerable improvement in the two groups, but not for the US findings. For the group 1, isokinetic tests show significative results for the hamstrings in C60°/s with an improvement of maximum peak torque (p=0,01) for the pathological member, a diminution (p>0,05) for the healthy limb and during the analysis of the bilateral difference (p=0,0002). For the group 2, the improvement of quadriceps maximum peak torque in C240°/s is significant (p>0,01) for the pathological knee after 6 weeks post-injections only. The VAS associated with isokinetic tests decreases significantly for all contraction modes after three months of study. Conclusion: Both PRP and HA can improve the symptoms of proximal patellar tendinopathy, even if the results are slightly better in the PRP group. [less ▲]

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See detailCross-cultural adaptation in French and validation of Functional Assessment Scale for acute Hamstring injuries
Kaux, Jean-François ULiege; Willems, Tom; Locquet, Médéa ULiege

in British Journal of Sports Medicine (in press)

Introduction : Acute hamstring injury is a very common muscle injury particularly in sports that require high explosive strength, sports with impulsions and sports with running phases. Among those sports ... [more ▼]

Introduction : Acute hamstring injury is a very common muscle injury particularly in sports that require high explosive strength, sports with impulsions and sports with running phases. Among those sports, the most widespread are soccer, rugby and sprinting. The Functional Assessment Scale for acute Hamstring injuries (FASH) assesses pain, physical activity and how patients realize some exercises while suffering hamstring injury. Current available versons are in English, in German and in Greek. Objectives : The aims of thus study were to reach a reliable and valid translation and a cross-cultural adaptation of this questionnaire in French. Methods: FASH translation and adaptation were realized in respect of international guidelines. The population composed of 116 subjects filled the questionnaire twice separated by 48-60th. FASH reliability and validity were assessed thanks to SF-36 allowing us to assess the test re-test reliability (with intra-class correlation ICC), internal consistency (with Cronbach’s alpha coefficient and construct validity, with Spearman’s correlation coefficients). Results : ICC showed a strong correlation between test and re-test (ICC total=0.9985). Internal consistency was also found to be strong with Cronbach’s alpha coefficient = 0.98. Correlation between FASH and SF-36 overall score was considered as strong (Rs=0.69, p<0.0001). Correlation with SF-36 sub scales (PF, RP, BP) were also considered as strong, showing their convergent validity. Other SF-36 subclass (GH, MH, REm, SF, VT) displayed a moderate correlation with FASH questionnaire, showing their divergent validity. No floor or ceiling effect was observed. Conclusions: FASH translation and cross-cultural adaptation into French can be considered as successful. FASF-F is now a reliable and valid tool for patients suffering acute hamstring injury. [less ▲]

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See detailFrench Translation and validation of the Exercise-Induced Leg Pain
Kaux, Jean-François ULiege; Hagelstein, Thibaut; Van Beveren, Julien et al

in British Journal of Sports Medicine (in press)

Objective: The « Exercise-Induced Leg Pain » (EILP) questionnaire has been developed (in German) to evaluate the severity of symptoms and sports ability in individuals with exercise-induced leg pain. The ... [more ▼]

Objective: The « Exercise-Induced Leg Pain » (EILP) questionnaire has been developed (in German) to evaluate the severity of symptoms and sports ability in individuals with exercise-induced leg pain. The purpose of the present study was to translate and cross-culturally adapt this questionnaire into French and to study the reliability and validity of the French-translated version (EILP-F). Methods: Translation and cross-culturally adaptation of the original EILP (EILP-G) was performed according to established guidelines. The translation part was articulated in six stages: (i) two initial translations from German to French; (ii) synthesis of the two translations; (iii) backward translations; (iv) expert committee to compare the backward translations with the original questionnaire; (v) pre-test; and (vi) approval of the final version of the EILP-F. To validate the EILP-F questionnaire, 84 subjects were recruited (28 pathological patients with a confirmed diagnosis of chronic leg pain, 28 asymptomatic sport students, 28 athletes healthy control). Discriminative power of the questionnaire was tested as well as reliability (internal consistency, test–retest reliability after a 7-10-day interval), construct validity and floor/ceiling effects. Results: the EILP-F version of the questionnaire has been generated without any major difficulties. The ability of the questionnaire to discriminate the three groups of subjects has been showed with a total score of 61.0 ± 18.5 for the pathologic group; 93.9 ± 7.57 for the asymptomatic group and 94.1 ± 9.79 for the control group (p-value adjusted on age = 0.008). A high internal consistency (Cronbach's alpha of 0.93) and an excellent test-retest radiality (ICC of 0.98 (95% CI 0.97-0.99, p<0.001)) indicated that the EILP-F is reliable. The EILP-F also demonstrated a good construct validity against different subscales of the Short Form-36 questionnaire, a generic quality of life questionnaire, with more than 87 % of prespecified hypotheses confirmed. Finally, no floor or ceiling effects were observed. Conclusion: The EILP-F questionnaire, a French version adapted from the original EILP-G, was successfully translated and cross-culturally adapted. The EILP-F questionnaire is consistent, valid and reliable for evaluating the French-speaking patients with chronic exercise-induced leg pain. [less ▲]

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See detailIsokinetic profile of subjects with proximal patellar tendinopathy
Kaux, Jean-François ULiege; Croisier, Jean-Louis ULiege; Libertiaux, Vincent ULiege

in British Journal of Sports Medicine (in press)

Introduction Patellar tendinopathy (PT) is commonly observed in jumping sports. Even if its biomechanic is somewhat explored, no information is known about the muscle strength profile of these patients ... [more ▼]

Introduction Patellar tendinopathy (PT) is commonly observed in jumping sports. Even if its biomechanic is somewhat explored, no information is known about the muscle strength profile of these patients. We aimed to determine if there exists a specific profile of patients suffering from a PT Methods 43 patients (42 males; 29 y.o +/- 9.8 y.o) suffering from PT were recruited. To be eligible, the patients must not have suffered from any other traumatic or micro-traumatic injury than the PT on the pathologic limb. After a physical examination, the tendon damage was assessed by ultrasounds examination. The patients were then tested on an isokinetic dynamometer and the peak torque per unit of mass (PTm) developed by the quadriceps and the hamstrings were recorded for various testing modalities. After each test, a visual analog scale (VAS) was used to estimate the pain felt by the patients. Results No significant correlation was found between the MTm and the demographic variables. The difference in MTm between the healthy and the pathological limbs was significant only in concentric 60°/s, for both the quadriceps and the hamstrings. Lastly, the VAS score showed that the most intense pain was experienced after the eccentric test. Conclusions There is no specific patient strength profile emerging from the isokinetic test. This stresses the importance for the clinicians to make testing and to apply a personalized treatment to each patient. On the other hand, the isokinetic eccentric testing of the quadriceps could be used to induce a mechanical stress on the tendon for a reliable pain assessment. [less ▲]

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See detailMoral Publics: Human trafficking, video films, and the responsibility of the postcolonial subject
Jedlowski, Alessandro ULiege

in Visual Anthropology (in press)

This article analyzes the ways in which a Nigerian video film about human trafficking is received by Nigerian women who experienced trafficking in their migration itinerary to Italy. This radically ... [more ▼]

This article analyzes the ways in which a Nigerian video film about human trafficking is received by Nigerian women who experienced trafficking in their migration itinerary to Italy. This radically contextualized case study is used as a methodological “lockpick” to open up new lines of enquiry into the relationship that southern Nigerian video films create with their audiences. The essay argues that, by virtue of their specific “addressivity” (Barber 2007), the genre of Nigerian video films that focus on female migration and prostitution participates in the creation of moral publics that are concerned with the definition of the postcolonial subject’s responsibility in shaping his/her own destiny. [less ▲]

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See detailUn chèvre-pied chez les Jésuites de Pont-à-Mousson. L’œuvre d’Hugues Sambin au XVIIe siècle
De Marco, Rosa ULiege

in Chédeau, Catherine (Ed.) Autour de la figure d’Hugues Sambin. Menuisier-architecte du XVIe siècle (in press)

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See detailLa place de l'arbre dans les systèmes agricoles par les populations locales
Hick, Aurélie ULiege; Hallin, Maud; Tshibungu, Alain et al

in Mahy, Grégory; Colinet, Gilles; Bogaert, Jan (Eds.) Anthropisation au Katanga (in press)

Dans un contexte de déforestation massive dans les zones rurales adjacentes aux grandes métropoles de la République Démocratique du Congo (RDC), zones d’approvisionnement en bois-énergie, l’identification ... [more ▼]

Dans un contexte de déforestation massive dans les zones rurales adjacentes aux grandes métropoles de la République Démocratique du Congo (RDC), zones d’approvisionnement en bois-énergie, l’identification de la place et du rôle que prend l’arbre dans les villages constituent un préalable à tous plan de restauration forestière. Ce chapitre porte sur les connaissances taxonomiques, les usages et la distribution des espèces arborées indigènes au sein de quatre villages en zone rurale adjacente à la ville de Lubumbashi, chef-lieu de la province du Katanga en RDC. Un total de 49 espèces indigènes de la forêt claire a été identifié par les 51 familles interrogées. Les utilisations sont classées en 6 catégories. Neuf espèces sont connues par plus de 50% des familles et correspondent aux espèces les plus utilisées pour l’alimentation via la consommation de leurs fruits et pour la confection d’outils. Les espèces citées par les personnes interrogées ne sont pas présentes dans le système agricole. La densité d’arbre à l’hectare au sein des champs est faible. Les espèces présentes sont des espèces résistantes aux facteurs de dégradation. Cette étude a montré que la connaissance taxonomique est limitée aux espèces les plus utilisées. Il n’y a pas de gestion intégrée de l’arbre au sein du système agricole dans la zone rurale adjacente à la ville de Lubumbashi. [less ▲]

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See detailArt of Taste and Aesthetics of Cooking
Von Hoffmann, Viktoria ULiege

in Anker, Susan; Flach, Sabine (Eds.) Molecular cuisine: The Politics of Taste (in press)

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See detailFinancer des flottes de guerre. Administrations et usages français à l’époque du Grand Schisme d’Occident
Masson, Christophe ULiege

in Revue d'Histoire Maritime (in press), XXII

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See detailDe l’usage de la photographie dans une enquête ethno-sociologique sur la mémoire de l’exil et de l’immigration espagnols en Belgique
Molina Marmol, Maïté ULiege

in RELAIS Revue du laboratoire d'études et de recherches sur l'interculturel (in press)

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See detailDynamic force spectroscopy of synthetic oligorotaxane foldamers
Sluysmans, Damien ULiege; Devaux, Floriane ULiege; Bruns, Carson J. et al

in Proceedings of the National Academy of Sciences of the United States of America (in press)

Wholly synthetic molecules involving both mechanical bonds and a folded secondary structure are one of the most promising architec- tures for the design of functional molecular machines with un ... [more ▼]

Wholly synthetic molecules involving both mechanical bonds and a folded secondary structure are one of the most promising architec- tures for the design of functional molecular machines with un- precedented properties. Here, we report dynamic single-molecule force spectroscopy experiments that explore the energetic details of donor–acceptor oligorotaxane foldamers, a class of molecular switches. The mechanical breaking of the donor–acceptor interactions responsible for the folded structure shows a high constant rupture force over a broad range of loading rates, covering three orders of magnitude. In comparison with dynamic force spectroscopy performed during the past 20 y on various (bio)molecules, the near-equilibrium regime of oligorotaxanes persists at much higher loading rates, at which bio- molecules have reached their kinetic regime, illustrating the very fast dynamics and remarkable rebinding capabilities of the intramolecular donor–acceptor interactions. We focused on one single interaction at a time and probed the stochastic rupture and rebinding paths. Using the Crooks fluctuation theorem, we measured the mechanical work produced during the breaking and rebinding to determine a free- energy difference, ΔG, of 6 kcal·mol−1 between the two local confor- mations around a single bond. [less ▲]

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See detailHistoire de l'édition en Belgique (XVe-XXIe siècle)
Durand, Pascal ULiege; Habrand, Tanguy ULiege

Book published by Les Impressions Nouvelles (in press)

Extrait du Préambule : « S’il n’est pas envisageable de dresser un répertoire complet de l’ensemble des imprimeurs, libraires et éditeurs en activité du XVe siècle à nos jours dans les territoires ... [more ▼]

Extrait du Préambule : « S’il n’est pas envisageable de dresser un répertoire complet de l’ensemble des imprimeurs, libraires et éditeurs en activité du XVe siècle à nos jours dans les territoires recouverts actuellement par la Communauté française de Belgique , les lignes de faîte qui seront profilées à travers l’histoire de l’édition dans ces territoires représenteront autant de lignes de force susceptibles de mettre en relief les logiques ayant régi, à la fois dans la durée et en chaque état du marché éditorial, les structures de ce marché, leur maintien ou leur évolution, ainsi que leurs rapports à différents horizons. Ce à quoi l’ouvrage renonce en fait d’idéal d’exhaustivité se trouvera ainsi regagné, en quelque sorte, en fait de construction réaliste de l’objet, sous un double point de vue historique et sociologique voulant que les transformations morphologiques du domaine étudié, de même que l’inertie ou l’évolution des représentations sociales et culturelles dont elles s’accompagnent, se trouvent reliées à divers facteurs explicatifs locaux et internationaux, relevant tantôt de l’histoire politique, économique et sociale, tantôt de l’histoire de la littérature et des idées, tantôt encore, plus spécialement, de l’évolution professionnelle du secteur et des politiques du livre mises en œuvre en Communauté française de Belgique. Dans ce double esprit, l’ouvrage se développe en six grands chapitres, organisés chacun en deux parties, allant de l’apparition du livre imprimé vers 1470 jusqu’à nos jours. Les trois premiers iront de la fin du XVe siècle à la fin du XIXe siècle, les trois suivants seront consacrés à l’édition au XXe siècle, avant un épilogue s’employant à dresser l’état des lieux et les perspectives de l’édition en Belgique au seuil du nouveau siècle où nous sommes. Chacune des parties dont sont composés ces chapitres successifs, tout en cernant les tropismes généraux du secteur, mettra en lumière quelques maisons ou quelques politiques éditoriales caractéristiques, par souci d’équilibrer vision globale et cas de figure. On l’aura compris : ainsi construit, l’ouvrage procure, d’une moitié à l’autre, un tableau de plus en plus étoffé du paysage du livre et de l’édition dans les territoires belges d’expression française : de Thierry Martens et Jean de Westphalie, pionniers du livre imprimé dans ce qui deviendra la Belgique, à Henry Kistemaeckers ou Edmond Deman, premiers grands éditeurs de création littéraire, puis des industriels de la bande dessinée jusqu’aux éditeurs qui, plus près de nous, continuent de contribuer à la vie du livre et à la survie des valeurs culturelles dont il reste, sous quelque forme qu’il prenne et quelque concurrence qu’il ait à affronter, l’un des indispensables vecteurs. » [less ▲]

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See detailThe Oxford Handbook of Egyptian Epigraphy and Palaeography
Laboury, Dimitri ULiege; Davies, Vanessa

Book published by Oxford University Press (in press)

The Oxford Handbook will be accessible to students and scholars interested in ancient Egypt, ancient history, archaeology, art history, and reception studies. The purposes of the volume are (1) to discuss ... [more ▼]

The Oxford Handbook will be accessible to students and scholars interested in ancient Egypt, ancient history, archaeology, art history, and reception studies. The purposes of the volume are (1) to discuss current theories with regard to the cultural setting and the material realities in which Egyptian carved and painted texts were produced, (2) to familiarize the reader with post-pharaonic receptions, records, and interpretations of Egyptian texts, (3) to outline traditional and emerging techniques and challenges in the recording and interpreting of ancient texts in the modern era, and (4) to review methodologies and challenges in the study of the palaeographies of various ancient Egyptian scripts. Because of the unique relationship between word and image in Egyptian hieroglyphic and hieratic texts, the volume will also address figural representation as well as narrative inscriptions. [less ▲]

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See detailChristianisme et paideia dans l’Égypte byzantine : l’apport des papyrus scolaires grecs de nature composite profane et chrétienne (fin du IIIe – VIIe/VIIIe siècle)
Carlig, Nathan ULiege

in Agosti, Gianfranco; Bianconi, Daniele; Buzi, Paola (Eds.) Pratiche didattiche tra centro e periferia nel Mediterraneo tardoantico (in press)

Documentée par des milliers de papyrus, restes de livres ou de documents, dont les plus anciens remontent à la fin du IIe siècle de notre ère, la christianisation de l’Égypte a profondément modifié le ... [more ▼]

Documentée par des milliers de papyrus, restes de livres ou de documents, dont les plus anciens remontent à la fin du IIe siècle de notre ère, la christianisation de l’Égypte a profondément modifié le rapport des populations à la paideia hellénique, sans pour autant se substituer à elle. L’examen du matériau, de la forme, de la mise en page, du contenu, ainsi que de la provenance des papyrus scolaires grecs à contenu composite profane et chrétien (fin IIIe – 1e moitié VIIIe s.), permettra d'illustrer cette problématique en relevant les continuités et les ruptures dans les stratégies d'enseignement par rapport à la paideia de tradition hellénique. [less ▲]

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See detailOn the Vedic Yajamâna-
Swennen, Philippe ULiege

in Acts of the 6th Vedic Workshop (in press)

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See detailMes derniers voeux pour l'Autriche
Brentano, Franz; Dewalque, Arnaud ULiege

in Fisette, Denis (Ed.) Franz Brentano. Articles et conférences (titre provisoire) (in press)

Traduction de trois articles publiés par Franz Brentano à l'occasion de son départ d'Autriche en 1895. Dans le premier, Brentano expose les circonstances dans lesquelles il a été nommé à l'Université de ... [more ▼]

Traduction de trois articles publiés par Franz Brentano à l'occasion de son départ d'Autriche en 1895. Dans le premier, Brentano expose les circonstances dans lesquelles il a été nommé à l'Université de Vienne en 1874 et a ensuite été contraint de renoncer à son titre de Professeur. Dans le deuxième, il dénonce un sophisme dans l'interprétation du droit civil autrichien par Rittner. Dans le troisième, enfin, il réclame la fondation d'un laboratoire de psychologie à la Faculté de philosophie de l'Université de Vienne et explique les raisons pour lesquelles un tel laboratoire est une condition indispensable pour l'édification d'une philosophie scientifique. [less ▲]

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See detailCours sur l'enseignement et l'apprentissage de l'analyse
Schneider-Gilot, Marguerite ULiege

in Actes de la 18e école d'été de didactique des mathématiques (in press)

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See detailLe développement de la compétence scripturale en FLS/FLE à l'université à l'aide des TIC : perceptions, pratiques et pistes d'exploitation
Dezutter, Olivier; Bleys, Françoise; Poirier, Vicky et al

in Les Centres de langues et la mise en œuvre des politiques linguistiques dans l’enseignement supérieur : Enseignement – Recherche - Mobilités (in press)

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See detailO insecabilis unitas ? Augustinisme et théologie politiques
Close, Florence ULiege

in Depreux, Philippe; Esders, Stefan (Eds.) La productivité d'une crise: le règne de Louis le Pieux (814-840) et la transformation de l'Empire carolingien / Produktivität einer Krise: Die Regierungszeit Ludwigs des Frommen (814-840) und die Transformation des karolingischen Imperium » (in press)

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