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See detailLes associations des enfants et jeunes travailleurs du Burkina Faso comme espace d’expression de la capacité d’action des enfants ?
Wouango, Joséphine ULg

in Enfances Familles Générations (in press)

Les Associations des Enfants et Jeunes Travailleurs du Burkina Faso (AEJT/BF) sont une représentation nationale du Mouvement Africain des Enfants et Jeunes Travailleurs (MAEJT), créé à la fin des années ... [more ▼]

Les Associations des Enfants et Jeunes Travailleurs du Burkina Faso (AEJT/BF) sont une représentation nationale du Mouvement Africain des Enfants et Jeunes Travailleurs (MAEJT), créé à la fin des années 1980. Le mouvement est fondé sur deux grands principes : les douze droits prioritaires des enfants et jeunes travailleurs et le principe du « protagonisme » (l’enfant travailleur comme acteur capable) . Ce chapitre présente et analyse le fonctionnement de ce mouvement au Burkina Faso, les changements qu’il a contribué à apporter à la question sociale du travail des enfants et les résultats de la mise en application des principes annoncés. S’appuyant sur une enquête ethnographique menée en son sein, le texte offre des données inédites sur les réalités d’un acteur collectif qui, en utilisant à son avantage la rhétorique de la « participation » des enfants (art.12, Convention des droits de l’enfant), a réussi à s’insérer dans l’arène nationale de la protection de l’enfance. Toutefois, la question de la place et du rôle des enfants ainsi que celle du “vieillissement” des membres sont quelques-uns des défis auxquels la section burkinabè du mouvement doit faire face. [less ▲]

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See detailMobilisations contre le travail des enfants au Burkina Faso : quelles prises en compte de la dimension genre
Wouango, Joséphine ULg

in Jacquemin, Mélanie; Bonnet, Doris (Eds.) Etre fille ou garçon : regards croisés sur l’enfance et le genre au Nord et au Sud (in press)

La lutte contre le travail des enfants au Burkina Faso a resurgi dans la scène publique ces dix dernières années avec un engouement sans précédent aussi bien de la part des acteurs étatiques, des ONG que ... [more ▼]

La lutte contre le travail des enfants au Burkina Faso a resurgi dans la scène publique ces dix dernières années avec un engouement sans précédent aussi bien de la part des acteurs étatiques, des ONG que des organismes onusiens. Ce chapitre traite, dans une double perspective sociologique et anthropologique, de la dimension « genre » de cette lutte et cherche à voir dans quelle mesure celle-ci est prise en compte (ou non) dans les pratiques concrètes de retrait d’enfants des travaux considérés comme dangereux. Peut-on parler de politiques et de programmes « genrés » dans le champ de la lutte contre le travail des enfants au Burkina Faso ? Le chapitre est structuré en trois parties. Il présente d’abord les éléments caractéristiques de l’approche genre dans la lutte contre le travail des enfants. Ensuite, il aborde les politiques et les acteurs de cette lutte au Burkina Faso, en décrivant les processus de problématisation et publicisation de la question. Enfin, il traite du cas spécifique d’un projet triennal de retrait d’enfants des mines artisanales des régions du Nord et du Sahel burkinabè pour questionner la prise en compte du genre, des obstacles sociaux, culturels et d’autres contraintes possibles à l’égalité fille-garçon dans cette intervention. Il questionne par ailleurs la part des acteurs de terrain dans la (re)production des normes et des rôles sexués. Les données sont issues de quatre années de recherche menée au Burkina Faso entre 2008 et 2011, auprès d’acteurs engagés dans la production des politiques de lutte et/ou engagés dans la lutte concrète, mais également avec des enfants, parents et employeurs. [less ▲]

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See detailSostanza e forma nella tradizione del romanzo arturiano in prosa
Leonardi, Lino; Morato, Nicola ULg

E-print/Working paper (in press)

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See detailImplicit spoken words and motor sequences learning are impaired in children with Specific Language Impairment
Desmottes, Lise ULg; Meulemans, Thierry ULg; Maillart, Christelle ULg

in Journal of the International Neuropsychological Society (in press)

Objective. This study aims to compare verbal and motor implicit sequence learning abilities in children with and without Specific Language Impairment (SLI). Methods. Forty-eight children (24 control and ... [more ▼]

Objective. This study aims to compare verbal and motor implicit sequence learning abilities in children with and without Specific Language Impairment (SLI). Methods. Forty-eight children (24 control and 24 SLI) were administered the Serial Search Task (SST), which enables the simultaneous assessment of implicit spoken words and visuomotor sequences learning. Results. Results showed that control children implicitly learned both the spoken words as well as the motor sequences. In contrast, children with SLI showed deficits in both types of learning. Moreover, correlational analyses revealed that SST performance was linked with grammatical abilities in control children but with lexical abilities in children with SLI. Conclusion. Overall, this pattern of results supports the procedural deficit hypothesis and suggests that domain general implicit sequence learning is impaired in SLI. [less ▲]

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See detailKnowledge and methodologies to manage architectural complexity in medium architecture firms - Belgian cases
Stals, Adeline ULg; Jancart, Sylvie ULg; Elsen, Catherine ULg

in Hentila, Helka-Liisa; Herneoja, Aulikki; Pihlajaniemi, Henrika (Eds.) et al Proceedings of te 34th eCAADe annual conference: Complexity and Simplicity (in press)

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See detailDe la thérapeutique à la cosmétique : le verbe στιμμίζειν dans les écrits médicaux grecs
Marganne, Marie-Hélène ULg

in Boudon-Millot, Véronique; Labonnelie-Pardon, Muriel (Eds.) Le teint de Phrynè. Thérapeutique et cosmétique dans l'Antiquité. Paris, Maison de la Recherche, 14-15 janvier 2016 (in press)

Depuis quand et dans quel(s) contexte(s) le substantif στίμμι (ou στῖμι ou στῖβι) désignant une substance de couleur noire dont le nom est d'origine égyptienne, et le verbe στιμμίζειν (ou στιμίζειν ou ... [more ▼]

Depuis quand et dans quel(s) contexte(s) le substantif στίμμι (ou στῖμι ou στῖβι) désignant une substance de couleur noire dont le nom est d'origine égyptienne, et le verbe στιμμίζειν (ou στιμίζειν ou στιβίζειν, ainsi que le composé ὑποστιμμίζειν) décrivant son application dans la région des yeux, sont-ils attestés dans les écrits médicaux grecs ? C'est à ces questions que l'on s'efforcera de répondre en relevant en outre les justifications thérapeutiques de cette pratique par les médecins. [less ▲]

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See detailA fresh look on the limit on ultralight axion-like particles from SN1987A
Payez, Alexandre ULg

in 10th Patras Workshop on Axions, WIMPs and WISPs (in press)

We revisit the limit on very light axion-like particles (ALPs) from the absence of gamma rays coincidental with the neutrino burst from SN1987A. We use updated supernova simulations, modern models for the ... [more ▼]

We revisit the limit on very light axion-like particles (ALPs) from the absence of gamma rays coincidental with the neutrino burst from SN1987A. We use updated supernova simulations, modern models for the magnetic field inside the Galaxy, and a Primakoff cross section which takes into account proton-degeneracy and mass-reduction effects. We finally give an updated exclusion plot for the electromagnetic coupling of sub-eV ALPs, comparing our new bound with other limits as well as with future ALP searches. [less ▲]

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See detailDisorders of consciousness: new advances in neuroimaging techniques
Soddu, Andrea ULg; Bruno, Marie-Aurélie ULg; VANHAUDENHUYSE, Audrey ULg et al

in Zanotti, Bruno (Ed.) Vegetative State (in press)

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See detailThe Impact of Vulnerability and Resilience to Environmental Changes on Mobility Patterns in West Africa
Zickgraf, Caroline ULg; de Longueville, Florence; Ozer, Pierre ULg et al

Report (in press)

From the Sahel to the coast, West Africa is experiencing a variety of climate change impacts, including sea level rise, soil salinization, floods, drought, and desertification, while simultaneously ... [more ▼]

From the Sahel to the coast, West Africa is experiencing a variety of climate change impacts, including sea level rise, soil salinization, floods, drought, and desertification, while simultaneously suffering from other forms of environmental degradation. Together, these environmental changes are significantly influencing migration patterns in and out of West Africa. This paper seeks to analyze vulnerability and resilience to environmental changes as they affect and are affected by mobility patterns in the region. We assert that the impact of environmental changes cannot be isolated from other political, social, economic, and demographic pressures that together drive human mobility. In a region where natural resources form the foundation of livelihoods and food security (fishing and agriculture), the relationship between environmental changes and socioeconomic vulnerabilities is of particular concern. This paper therefore draws from four distinct case studies to grasp the variegated and cumulative vulnerability and resilience among local populations as they relate to internal and intraregional migration. [less ▲]

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See detailBone disease after kidney transplantation
BOUQUEGNEAU, Antoine ULg; Salam, Syrazah; DELANAYE, Pierre ULg et al

in Clinical Journal of the American Society of Nephrology (in press)

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See detailFin de siècle/Jahrhundertwende: Eine Tendenzgeschichte
Küpper, Achim ULg

in Roland, Hubert (Ed.) Eine kleine deutsch-französische Literaturgeschichte vom 18. Jahrhundert bis zum Ersten Weltkrieg (in press)

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See detailL'environnement comme source d'inégalité? Pauvreté et désengagement citoyen dans la ville
Lejeune, Zoé ULg

E-print/Working paper (in press)

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See detailAlbum zutique - Dixains réalistes
Saint-Amand, Denis ULg; Grojnowski, Daniel

Book published by Garnier Flammarion (in press)

Édition de deux recueils collectifs emblématiques de la poésie française du XIXe siècle, comprenant une introduction, des notes explicatives pour chaque texte, un dossier et un dictionnaire des auteurs.

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See detailOn the Elaboration of Metal-Ceramic Composite Coatings by Laser Cladding
Mertens, Anne ULg; L'Hoest, Thibaut; Magnien, Julien et al

in Materials Science Forum (in press)

This paper reports on a preliminary investigation into the elaboration, by the additive process known as laser cladding, of composite coatings with a matrix of stainless steel 316L reinforced with varying ... [more ▼]

This paper reports on a preliminary investigation into the elaboration, by the additive process known as laser cladding, of composite coatings with a matrix of stainless steel 316L reinforced with varying contents of tungsten (WC) or silicon carbides (SiC) particles. Laser cladding is characterised by ultra-fast solidification and cooling rates, thus giving rise to ultra-fine out-of-equilibrium microstructures and potentially enhanced mechanical properties. Both types of composite coatings – i.e. with SiC or WC ‒ are compared in terms of their microstructures and hardness. Special attention is given to the dissolution of the carbides particles and to interfacial reactions taking place between the particles and the metallic matrix. [less ▲]

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See detailThe Minimally Conscious State: Clinical Features, Pathophysiology and Therapeutic Implications
Giacino, Joseph T; Edlow, Brian; Chatelle, Camille ULg et al

in LAUREYS, Steven; Giulio, Tononi; Gosseries, Olivia (Eds.) The Neurology of Consciousness 2nd Edition (in press)

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See detailCo-simulation of Electromagnetic Transients and Phasor Models: a Relaxation Approach
Plumier, Frédéric ULg; Aristidou, Petros; Geuzaine, Christophe ULg et al

in IEEE Transactions on Power Delivery (in press)

Co-simulation opens new opportunities to combine mature ElectroMagnetic Transients (EMT) and Phasor-Mode (PM) solvers, and take advantage of their respective high accuracy and execution speed. In this ... [more ▼]

Co-simulation opens new opportunities to combine mature ElectroMagnetic Transients (EMT) and Phasor-Mode (PM) solvers, and take advantage of their respective high accuracy and execution speed. In this paper, a relaxation approach is presented, iterating between an EMT and a PM solver. This entails interpolating over time the phasors of the PM simulation, extracting phasors from the time evolutions of the EMT simulation, and representing each sub-system by a proper multiport equivalent when simulating the other sub-system. Various equivalents are reviewed and compared in terms of convergence of the PM-EMT iterations. The paper also considers the update with frequency of the Thévenin impedances involved in the EMT simulation, the possibility to compute the EMT solution only once per time step, and the acceleration of convergence through a prediction over time of the boundary variables. Results are presented on a 74-bus, 23-machine test system, split into one EMT and one PM sub-system with several interface buses. [less ▲]

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See detailA general parametric Stein characterization
Swan, Yvik ULg; Ley, Christophe

in Statistics & Probability Letters (in press)

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See detailThe workers’ speeches in the daily life scenes of the XIXth-Dynasty tombs at Deir el-Medina and its vicinity
Motte, Aurore ULg

in "Deir el-Medina and the Theban Necropolis in Contact: Describing the interactions within and outside the community of workmen" (in press)

In this paper, I study the workers’ speeches (“Reden and Rufe”) in the 19th-Dynasty tombs of Deir el-Medina and its surroundings. For this period, only three tombs in Deir el-Medina (TT 212, TT 217, and ... [more ▼]

In this paper, I study the workers’ speeches (“Reden and Rufe”) in the 19th-Dynasty tombs of Deir el-Medina and its surroundings. For this period, only three tombs in Deir el-Medina (TT 212, TT 217, and TT 266) and one in the Theban necropolis (TT 16) preserve such texts. The goal of this paper is twofold. First, it aims at showing that, after falling into disuse in elite tombs, workers’ speeches appear in the tombs of craftsmen and the upper middle class, further evidence of the “democratisation” phenomenon during the 19th Dynasty. A wall relief fragment of the craftsman Meryptah from Saqqara (18th-19th Dynasty) indicates that this phenomenon was not restricted to the Theban area. The second goal of this paper is to determine what kind of language is used in 19th-Dynasty workers’ speeches, since this literary genre is sometimes thought to be written in the vernacular. I argue that it is a mimetic language, “à-la-manière-de,” more than an actual colloquial language. Regarding this question, the tombs of Ipuy (TT 217) and Amennakht (TT 266) lead to a dead-end because of their fragmentary state. The tomb of Ramose (TT 212) and the tomb of Panehsy and his wife Tarenu (TT 16), on the other hand, reveal Late Egyptian linguistic features. But, because their owners belong to a lower social class than the elite, it might suggest a reinterpretation of the rules specific to the literary genre of the workers’speeches (possible diastratic/diaphasic variation). [less ▲]

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See detailA Gaussian mixture approach to model stochastic processes in power systems
Gemine, Quentin ULg; Cornélusse, Bertrand ULg; Glavic, Mevludin ULg et al

in Proceedings of the 19th Power Systems Computation Conference (PSCC'16) (in press)

Probabilistic methods are emerging for operating electrical networks, driven by the integration of renewable generation. We present an algorithm that models a stochastic process as a Markov process using ... [more ▼]

Probabilistic methods are emerging for operating electrical networks, driven by the integration of renewable generation. We present an algorithm that models a stochastic process as a Markov process using a multivariate Gaussian Mixture Model, as well as a model selection technique to search for the adequate Markov order and number of components. The main motivation is to sample future trajectories of these processes from their last available observations (i.e. measurements). An accurate model that can generate these synthetic trajectories is critical for applications such as security analysis or decision making based on lookahead models. The proposed approach is evaluated in a lookahead security analysis framework, i.e. by estimating the probability of future system states to respect operational constraints. The evaluation is performed using a 33-bus distribution test system, for power consumption and wind speed processes. Empirical results show that the GMM approach slightly outperforms an ARMA approach. [less ▲]

Detailed reference viewed: 48 (9 ULg)