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See detailNationality Law in the Western Hemisphere: On Problems of Comparative Law and Legal Translation in Studying Different Citizenship Regimes
Vonk, Olivier ULg

Report (in press)

It is well-known that the concept of nationality plays an important role in different fields of the law, be it private or public law, private international law (‘conflicts of law’) or public international ... [more ▼]

It is well-known that the concept of nationality plays an important role in different fields of the law, be it private or public law, private international law (‘conflicts of law’) or public international law. While nationality is also frequently the subject of comparative analysis, and therefore of comparative law, little has so far been written on the conceptual and linguistic difficulties that arise in conducting comparative analyses of the nationality laws of different countries – especially if one does not rely on translations but examines them in the original languages. After giving an overview of the legal scholarship on legal translation and comparative law and assessing its relevance for the domain of nationality law (sections 2 and 3), the paper will continue with some remarks on the usefulness and quality of bi- and multilingual legal dictionaries for these fields of study (section 4). While my own experiences in conducting comparative and multilingual research on nationality law are referred to throughout the paper, section 5 will specifically give relevant examples from my work on the book Nationality Law in the Western Hemisphere: A Study on Grounds for Acquisition and Loss of Citizenship in the Americas and the Caribbean. [less ▲]

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See detailFrom "The Stranger" to "The Outsider": The different English translations of "L'Etranger", the Postcolonial, and the Memorialization of Camus in Post-Imperial France
Munos, Delphine ULg

in Misrahi-Barak, Judith; Devi, Srilata (Eds.) Translating the Postcolonial (in press)

A French writer born on North African soil and a pied-noir who opposed both the O.A.S. and the F.L.N., Albert Camus has always enjoyed a problematic status in post-imperial France, a country where the ... [more ▼]

A French writer born on North African soil and a pied-noir who opposed both the O.A.S. and the F.L.N., Albert Camus has always enjoyed a problematic status in post-imperial France, a country where the taboos surrounding the Algerian War have been kept alive by left- and right-wingers alike. While on the one hand right-wing French politicians have recurrently appealed to Pied-Noir ‘nostalgéria’ to justify their stubborn stance of non-repentance as regards the 130 years of colonization in Algeria, on the other, influential left-wing figures, such as Pierre Nora, have participated in a climate of intellectual atrophy by joining what British historian Perry Anderson has recently called “union sucrée,” that is, sugar-coated, and self-indulgent, versions of France and its colonial past. The difficult, even impossible, memorialization of Camus and his work in today’s France was evidenced again on the eve of the writer’s centenary. In 2012, the project of a major Camus exhibition in Aix-en-Provence for Marseille-Provence European Capital of Culture 2013 was stalled, following on the brutal eviction of its curator, French Algeria historian Benjamin Stora, by arch-conservative Aix-en-Provence mayor Maryse Joissains-Masini. Certainly, the subsequent absence of official celebrations in France surrounding Camus’ 100th birthday implied that the specificity of Camus’ liberal pied-noir voice would still remain silenced there for quite some time. But it also gave new momentum to U.S. historian Todd Shepard’s suggestion that the all-too-easy conflation of ‘pied-noir’ and ‘right-wing extremist’ (which has been dominant in France since the start of the Fifth Republic, at times correctly so) has helped naturalize the construction of some post-imperial ‘all-good-again’ Frenchness, in particular maintain the comforting belief that the “‘Algerian experience’ had been an unfortunate colonial detour, from which the French Republic had now escaped” (The Invention of Decolonization, 11). Can it be that Camus’s heritage is a “burning” one (cf. Stora’s Camus brûlant (2013)) because the irreconcilability of his work and commitments with the utilitarian image of the pied noir extrémiste would reveal the extent to which today’s France is dependent on this same image to keep the memory of its own involvement in colonialism at bay? This question constitutes the starting point of my discussion of Sandra Smith’s new translation of L’Etranger (2013), which appeared in the same year as two other books also inviting us to reconsider the actuality of Camus’ Algerian legacy from a non-French perspective – namely Kamel Daoud’s Meursault, contre-enquête, a retelling of Camus’ classic which was published in Algeria, and Arthur Goldhammer’s translation, for the first time in English, of Camus’s Algerian Chronicles, which offers the writer’s final word on the Algerian question. Taking my cue from Mona Baker, who argues that “translators […] play a crucial role in both disseminating and contesting public narratives with and across national boundaries” (Translation and Conflict, 4-5), I intend to contextualize Smith’s new translation of Camus’s classic within a broader frame of contemporary attempts at problematizing the strategic pigeonholing of Camus as colonialist, decades after Edward Said’s pronouncement that The Stranger was informed by an “incapacitated colonial sensibility” (Culture and Imperialism, 176). Lawrence Venutti has argued that “the intertextual and interdiscursive relations that a translation establishes are not merely interpretative, but also potentially interrogative” (Translation Changes Everything 182). My hypothesis is that Smith’s translation strategy, which includes the re-humanization of Meursault, creates a web of new meanings that participate in opening a space through which Camus’ anti-hero can be seen both as an outsider and an insider to French Algeria – a space that might reach backward and forward, with a potential for complicating the pieties of post-imperial France. [less ▲]

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See detailFossil Biogeography: A new model to infer dispersal, extinction and sampling from paleontological data
Silvestro, Daniele; Zizka, Alexander; Bacon, Christine D. et al

in Philosophical Transactions : Biological Sciences (in press)

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See detailProgressive Current Source Models in Magnetic Vector Potential Finite Element Formulations
Dular, Patrick ULg; Kuo-Peng, Patrick; Ferreira da Luz, Mauricio V. et al

in IEEE Transactions on Magnetics (in press), 52

Progressive refinements of the current sources in magnetic vector potential finite-element (FE) formulations are done with a subproblem method. The sources are first considered through magnetomotive force ... [more ▼]

Progressive refinements of the current sources in magnetic vector potential finite-element (FE) formulations are done with a subproblem method. The sources are first considered through magnetomotive force or Biot–Savart models up to their volume FE models, from statics to dynamics. A novel way to define the source fields is proposed to lighten the computational efforts, through the conversion of the common volume sources to surface sources, without the need for any preresolution. Accuracy improvements can then be obtained for local currents and fields, and global quantities, i.e., inductances, resistances, Joule losses, and forces. [less ▲]

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See detailDPSC colonization of functionalized 3D textiles
Ortiz, Marine; Rosales-Ibáñez, R; Pozos-Guillén, A. et al

in Journal of Biomedical Materials Research, Part B : Applied Biomaterials (in press)

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See detailComputation of Source for Non-Meshed Coils in a Reduced Domain with A–V Formulation
Ferrouillat, Pauline; Guérin, Christophe; Meunier, Gérard et al

in IEEE Transactions on Magnetics (in press), 52

The discretized source magnetic vector potential Aj, projected from source field Hs with H(curl,Ω) semi-norm, is studied for non-meshed coils with magnetic vector potential A and electric scalar potential ... [more ▼]

The discretized source magnetic vector potential Aj, projected from source field Hs with H(curl,Ω) semi-norm, is studied for non-meshed coils with magnetic vector potential A and electric scalar potential V formulation. As a novelty, source potential Aj is computed in a reduced domain Ωred instead of the complete domain Ω. For domains with fixed and moving parts, potential Aj can be computed on each part, for each of the related current sources, with no need to ensure its continuity between these parts. [less ▲]

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See detailFibulin-3 fragments are prognostic biomarkers of osteoarthritis incidence in overweight and obese women
Runhaar, Jos; Sanchez, Christelle ULg; Taralla, Sébastien et al

in Osteoarthritis Cartilage (in press)

OBJECTIVE: To determine the association between three fibulin-3 peptides and the incidence of radiographic and clinical knee osteoarthritis (OA). DESIGN: Women between 50 and 60 years, with a BMI >/=27 kg ... [more ▼]

OBJECTIVE: To determine the association between three fibulin-3 peptides and the incidence of radiographic and clinical knee osteoarthritis (OA). DESIGN: Women between 50 and 60 years, with a BMI >/=27 kg/m2, free of knee OA, were recruited. Using binary logistic regression, the association between baseline concentration of serum fibulin (Fib)3-1, Fib3-2 and Fib3-3 and incidence of clinical and radiographic knee OA after 30 months of follow-up was evaluated. RESULTS: Baseline and follow-up measurements were available for 241 women with a mean age of 55.9 +/- 3.2 years and mean BMI of 31.7 +/- 3.6 kg/m2. None of the concentrations of the three Fib3 epitopes were associated with the incidence of medial or lateral joint space narrowing (JSN) >/=1.0 mm or the incidence of Kellgren & Lawrence (K&L) grade >/=2 after 30 months. All three Fib3 epitopes were associated with the incidence of the clinical and radiographic ACR-criteria and Fib3-1 and Fib3-3 also with chronic pain at follow-up. When adjusted for the other Fib3 peptide concentrations, only Fib3-1 was significantly associated to the incidence of the American College of Rheumatology (ACR)-criteria (OR 3.2 [1.2-8.7]) and chronic pain at follow-up (OR 3.0 [1.2-7.7]). CONCLUSIONS: Baseline fibulin-3 concentrations are associated with the incidence of clinical knee OA among middle-aged overweight and obese women. Therewith, they meet the criteria of a prognostic biomarker according to the BIPED biomarker classification for OA. Further validation of the fibulin-3 epitopes seems warranted in order to better distinguish subgroups of individuals at increased risk for knee OA development. [less ▲]

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See detailÉVOLUTION DE LA TENEUR EN EAU LE LONG D’UNE TOPOSEQUENCE FORESTIERE ARGILO-LIMONEUSE
Deraedt, Deborah ULg; Colinet, Gilles ULg; Degré, Aurore ULg

in Milieux Poreux et Transferts Hydriques (in press)

For the hydrological modeling of forested watersheds, the understanding of the forest hydrodynamic is essential. This study focusses on the hydrology of a Belgian forested plot with high stoniness and ... [more ▼]

For the hydrological modeling of forested watersheds, the understanding of the forest hydrodynamic is essential. This study focusses on the hydrology of a Belgian forested plot with high stoniness and steep slope. The soil water content is monitored at several positions on the toposequence and at different depth. During rain events, peak in soil water content are observed in different depth depending on the position along the toposequence. [less ▲]

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See detailFunctional analysis of dual-specificity protein phosphatases in angiogenesis
Amand, Mathieu; ERPICUM, Charlotte ULg; Gilles, Christine ULg et al

in Pulido, Rafael (Ed.) Protein Tyrosine Phosphatases: Methods and Protocols (in press)

Therapeutic perspectives targeting angiogenesis in cancer stimulated an intense investigation of the mechanisms triggering and governing angiogenic processes. Several publications have highlighted the ... [more ▼]

Therapeutic perspectives targeting angiogenesis in cancer stimulated an intense investigation of the mechanisms triggering and governing angiogenic processes. Several publications have highlighted the importance of typical dual-specificity phosphatases (DSPs) or MKPs in endothelial cells and their role in controlling different biological functions implicated in angiogenesis such as migration, proliferation, apoptosis, tubulogenesis and cell adhesion. However, among atypical DSPs, the only one investigated in angiogenesis was DUSP3. We recently identified this DSP as new key player in endothelial cells and angiogenesis. In this chapter we provide with detailed protocols and models used to investigate the role of DUSP3 in endothelial cells and angiogenesis. We start the chapter with an overview of the role of several DSPs in angiogenesis. We continue with providing a full description of a highly efficient transfection protocol to deplete DUSP3 using small interfering RNA (siRNA) in the primary Human Umbilical Vein Endothelial Cells (HUVEC). We next describe the major assays used to investigate different processes involved in angiogenesis such as tube formation assay, proliferation assay and spheroids sprouting assay. We finish the chapter by validating our results in DUSP3-knockout mice using in vivo angiogenesis assays such as Matrigel plug and Lewis lung carcinoma cell subcutaneous xenograft model followed by anti-CD31 immunofluorescence and ex vivo aortic ring assay. All methods described can be adapted to other phosphatases and signaling molecules. [less ▲]

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See detailFunctional analysis of protein tyrosine phosphatases in thrombosis and haemostasis
Rahmouni, Souad ULg; Hego, Alexandre ULg; Delierneux, Céline ULg et al

in Protein Tyrosine Phosphatases: Methods and Protocols (in press)

Platelets are small blood cells derived from cytoplasmic fragments of megakaryocytes and play an essential role in thrombosis and haemostasis. Platelet activation depends on the rapid phosphorylation and ... [more ▼]

Platelets are small blood cells derived from cytoplasmic fragments of megakaryocytes and play an essential role in thrombosis and haemostasis. Platelet activation depends on the rapid phosphorylation and dephosphorylation of key signaling molecules, and a number of kinases and phosphatases have been identified as major regulators of platelet function. However, the investigation of novel signaling proteins has suffered from technical limitations due to the anucleate nature of platelets and their very limited levels of mRNA and de novo protein synthesis. In the past, experimental methods were restricted to the generation of genetically modified mice and the development of specific antibodies. More recently, novel (phospho)proteomic technologies and pharmacological approaches using specific small-molecule inhibitors have added additional capabilities to investigate specific platelet proteins. In this chapter, we report methods for using genetic and pharmacological approaches to investigate the function of platelet signaling proteins. While the described experiments focus on the role of the dual-specificity phosphatase 3 (DUSP3) in platelet signaling, the presented methods are applicable to any signaling enzyme. Specifically, we describe a testing strategy that includes 1) aggregation and secretion experiments with mouse and human platelets, 2) immunoprecipitation and immunoblot assays to study platelet signaling events, 3) detailed protocols to use selected animal models in order to investigate thrombosis and haemostasis in vivo, and 4) strategies for utilizing pharmacological inhibitors on human platelets. [less ▲]

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See detailFirst record of the mangrove palm Nypa from the northeastern Ebro basin, Spain: with taphonomic criteria to evaluate the drifting duration
Moreno-Dominguez, Rafael; Cascales-Miñana, Borja ULg; Ferrer, Javier et al

in Geologica Acta (in press)

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See detailApparent changes of the Ordovician-Mississippian plant diversity
Cascales-Miñana, Borja ULg

in Review of Palaeobotany and Palynology (in press)

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See detailA serious LAT relationship or a crazy machine? Metaphors in citizens’ perception of Belgian federalism
Perrez, Julien ULg; Reuchamps, Min

in Mots. Les Langages du Politique (in press)

This paper proposes a quantitative and qualitative corpus-based analysis of the use of metaphors in political discourse from the original perspective of citizen discourse. Our data were collected from ... [more ▼]

This paper proposes a quantitative and qualitative corpus-based analysis of the use of metaphors in political discourse from the original perspective of citizen discourse. Our data were collected from focus group discussions respectively held in the French-speaking and Dutch-speaking parts of Belgium, which tackled the citizens’ perceptions of Belgian federalism. Our findings suggest that citizens do produce metaphors when talking about complex political processes and that these metaphors reveal different political visions. This research also suggests differences in saliency of the source domains in terms of which citizens make sense of Belgian federalism. In this regard, the family domain, and more especially the metaphor BELGIAN FEDERALISM IS A LOVE RELATIONSHIP appears to function as an important conceptual reference point for the citizens’ understanding of the political relations in the Belgian context. [less ▲]

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See detailPartial ages: diagnosing transport processes by means of multiple clocks.
Mouchet, Anne ULg; Cornaton, Fabien; Deleersnijder, Eric et al

in Ocean Dynamics (in press)

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See detailMetal binding to the N-terminal cytoplasmic domain of the PIB ATPase HMA4 is required for metal transport in Arabidopsis.
Laurent, Clémentine ULg; Lekeux, Gilles ULg; Ukuwela, Ashwinie A et al

in Plant Molecular Biology (in press)

PIB ATPases are metal cation pumps that transport metals across membranes. These proteins possess N- and C-terminal cytoplasmic extensions that contain Cys- and His-rich high affinity metal binding ... [more ▼]

PIB ATPases are metal cation pumps that transport metals across membranes. These proteins possess N- and C-terminal cytoplasmic extensions that contain Cys- and His-rich high affinity metal binding domains, which may be involved in metal sensing, metal ion selectivity and/or in regulation of the pump activity. The PIB ATPase HMA4 (Heavy Metal ATPase 4) plays a central role in metal homeostasis in Arabidopsis thaliana and has a key function in zinc and cadmium hypertolerance and hyperaccumulation in the extremophile plant species Arabidopsis halleri. Here, we examined the function and structure of the N-terminal cytoplasmic metal-binding domain of HMA4. We mutagenized a conserved CCTSE metal-binding motif in the domain and assessed the impact of the mutations on protein function and localization in planta, on metal-binding properties in vitro and on protein structure by Nuclear Magnetic Resonance spectroscopy. The two Cys residues of the motif are essential for the function, but not for localization, of HMA4 in planta, whereas the Glu residue is important but not essential. These residues also determine zinc coordination and affinity. Zinc binding to the N-terminal domain is thus crucial for HMA4 protein function, whereas it is not required to maintain the protein structure. Altogether, combining in vivo and in vitro approaches in our study provides insights towards the molecular understanding of metal transport and specificity of metal P-type ATPases. [less ▲]

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See detailCosimo I de’ Medici conteso. Rivalità tra Pietro Aretino e Pierfrancesco Riccio
Geremicca, Antonio ULg

in Geremicca, Antonio; Miesse, Hélène (Eds.) Essere uomini di “lettere”: segretari e politica culturale nel Cinquecento (in press)

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See detailEssere uomini di “lettere”: segretari e politica culturale nel Cinquecento
Geremicca, Antonio ULg; Miesse, Hélène ULg

Book published by Franco Cesati - 1re éd. (in press)

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See detailIntrecci virtuosi. Letterati, artisti e accademie nell’Italia Centrale tra Cinque e Seicento: Roma e Firenze
Geremicca, Antonio ULg; Chiummo, Carla; Tosini, Patrizia

Book published by De Luca - 1re éd. (in press)

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