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See detailRéduire l’altérité au travers des processus de traduction et de représentation
Leclercq, Bruno ULg; Smette, Bernard ULg

in Doctorales. Revue LLA-SHS de Montpellier (in press)

WVO Quine questions the « myth » of an ideal realm of shared meanings which every national language would express in its own way. Against the hope of transparent translations, he insists on the necessity ... [more ▼]

WVO Quine questions the « myth » of an ideal realm of shared meanings which every national language would express in its own way. Against the hope of transparent translations, he insists on the necessity for building equivalences from one language to another through a strategy of reducing the differences in rationality among nations as much as possible. According to Quine, otherness is not insuperable impediment to meeting/encounter and mutual understanding ; by throwing our conceptual schemes on the other communities’ uses/practices – which of course involves some symbolic violence – gaps can always been narrowed. Similarly E. Laclau questions the traditional conception of political representation, which is seen as the transparent process of transmitting someone’s will or interests on another level. For this ideal conception of representation, Laclau substitutes a pragmatic conception which takes in account the irreducible gap between the actors as well as the constitutive opacity of the process of representation : the subject’s will is constituted within the process of representation and through the representative’s productive role. In order to be transposed at the decision-making level, the subject’s interests must be translated by the representative as well as be negotiated with the other represented interests. This implies that the initial will undergoes some identity transformations. [less ▲]

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See detailDes ethnonymes aux glottonymes : enjeux de la nomination des pratiques linguistiques en Louisiane francophone
Urbain, Emilie ULg

in Jean-Michel Eloy (Ed.) Nommer des langues romanes (in press)

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See detailThe thyroid gland and thyroid hormones in sheepshead minnow (Cyprinodon variegatus) during early development and metamorphosis
Schnitzler, Joseph ULg; Klaren, Peter; Mariavelle, Emeline ULg et al

in Fish Physiology and Biochemistry (in press)

The sheepshead minnow is widely used in ecotoxicological studies that only recently have begun to focus on disruption of the thyroid axis by xenobiotics and endocrine disrupting compounds. However ... [more ▼]

The sheepshead minnow is widely used in ecotoxicological studies that only recently have begun to focus on disruption of the thyroid axis by xenobiotics and endocrine disrupting compounds. However, reference levels of the thyroid prohormone thyroxine (T4) and biologically active hormone 3,5,30-triiodothyronine (T3) and their developmental patterns are unknown. This study set out to describe the ontogeny and morphology of the thyroid gland in sheepshead minnow, and to correlate these with whole-body concentrations of thyroid hormones during early development and metamorphosis. Eggs were collected by natural spawning in our laboratory. T4 and T3 were extracted from embryos, larvae and juveniles and an enzyme-linked immunoassay was used to measure whole-body hormone levels. Length and body mass, hatching success, gross morphology, thyroid hormone levels and histology were measured. The onset of metamorphosis at 12-day post-hatching coincided with surges in whole-body T4 and T3 concentrations. Thyroid follicles were first observed in pre-metamorphic larvae at hatching and were detected exclusively in the subpharyngeal region, surrounding the ventral aorta. Follicle size and thyrocyte epithelial cell heights varied during development, indicating fluctuations in thyroid hormone synthesis activity. The increase in the whole-body T3/T4 ratio was indicative of an increase in outer ring deiodination activity. This study establishes a baseline for thyroid hormones in sheepshead minnows, which will be useful for the understanding of thyroid hormone functions and in future studies of thyroid toxicants in this species. [less ▲]

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See detailTribute to an astronomer: the work of Max Ernst on Wilhelm Tempel
Nazé, Yaël ULg

in Journal for the History of Astronomy (in press)

In 1964-1974, the German artist Max Ernst created, with the help of two friends, a series of works (books, movie, paintings) related to the astronomer Wilhelm Tempel. Mixing actual texts by Tempel and ... [more ▼]

In 1964-1974, the German artist Max Ernst created, with the help of two friends, a series of works (books, movie, paintings) related to the astronomer Wilhelm Tempel. Mixing actual texts by Tempel and artistic features, this series pays homage to the astronomer by recalling his life and discoveries. Moreover, the core of the project, the book Maximiliana or the Illegal Practice of Astronomy, actually depicts the way science works, making this artwork a most original tribute to a scientist. [less ▲]

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See detailUn contrat d'enseignement du IIIe siècle avant notre ère : P.Heid. III 226
Ricciardetto, Antonio ULg

in Ricciardetto, Antonio; Marganne, Marie-Hélène (Eds.) En marge du Serment hippocratique : contrats et serments dans le monde gréco-romain. Actes de la Journée d'étude internationale (Université de Liège, 29 octobre 2014) (in press)

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See detail“How are you Vulnerable?”: Using Participation for Vulnerability Analysis in Emergency Planning
Rossignol, Nicolas ULg; Turcanu, Catrinel; Fallon, Catherine ULg et al

in Journal of Risk Research (in press)

Scientists in many fields of research have developed models, theories and concepts attempting to grasp and manage dangers that are often difficult to imagine. Among the different perspectives, the Science ... [more ▼]

Scientists in many fields of research have developed models, theories and concepts attempting to grasp and manage dangers that are often difficult to imagine. Among the different perspectives, the Science and Technology Studies (STS) Vulnerability Approach seems very promising. Relying on a constructivist paradigm, it is based on an inductive collection and analysis of a wide range of factors, with a particular focus on cultural factors and actual day-to-day practices. In this paper, we present the roots of this approach and we display findings based on three case studies exploring emergency planning in three different contexts (a city near a SEVESO plant, a school near a nuclear plant, and a city confronted to multiple catastrophic scenarios). The cases studies were realized by conducting three Focus Groups with different types of stakeholders (citizens, teachers, firemen, decision makers, etc.). After presenting the results of the case studies, we discuss how stakeholders’ participation can inform such type of vulnerability analysis in the context of emergency planning. We argue that participation fosters a deep understanding of actual safety governance practices which allows innovative results to emerge as well as it initiates a learning process among the participants. It contributes to questioning the relations between decision-makers, experts and citizens. It has the potential of bypassing the positivist and quantitative rationale of safety, and thus, of redefining the vulnerability governance. As a conclusion, we question the role of such STS vulnerability approach within the actual vulnerability governance. [less ▲]

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See detailIntroduction
Ricciardetto, Antonio ULg

in Ricciardetto, Antonio; Marganne, Marie-Hélène (Eds.) En marge du Serment hippocratique : contrats et serments dans le monde gréco-romain. Actes de la Journée d'étude internationale (Université de Liège, 29 octobre 2014) (in press)

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See detailUnder Construction: Postcolonial Gateways and Walls
Tunca, Daria ULg; Wilson, Janet

Book published by Brill (in press)

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See detailLes corps saints des catacombes de Rome aux Pays-Bas : acteurs, réseaux, flux
Delfosse, Annick ULg

in Duhamelle, Christophe; Bacciochi, Stéphane (Eds.) Les corps saints des catacombes dans l’espace de la catholicité à l’âge moderne (XVIIe-XIXe siècles) (in press)

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See detailDe l'Anonyme à Jamblique: ou de l'usage politique de la richesse
Gavray, Marc-Antoine ULg

in Helmer, Étienne (Ed.) Richesse et Pauvreté chez les philosophes grecs (in press)

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See detailA 3-year long study of Staphylococcus aureus isolates from subclinical mastitis in three Azawak zebu herds at the Sahelian experimental farm of Toukounous, Niger
Issa Ibrahim, Abdoulkarim; Duprez, Jean-Noël ULg; Bada-alambdeji, Rianatou et al

in Tropical Animal Health and Production (in press)

bovine mastitis. The aim of the present work was to follow in three herds and during the 3 years the clonality of S. aureus isolated from California Mastitis Test (CMT)-positive cows at the experimental ... [more ▼]

bovine mastitis. The aim of the present work was to follow in three herds and during the 3 years the clonality of S. aureus isolated from California Mastitis Test (CMT)-positive cows at the experimental station of Toukounous (Niger) by (i) comparing their pulsed field gel electrophoresis (PFGE) fingerprints, (ii) identifying their virulotypes by PCR amplification and (iii) assessing the production of capsule and the formation of biofilm. The 88 S. aureus isolates belonged to 14 different pulsotypes, 3 of them being predominant: A (30 %), D (27 %), B (15 %). A and B pulsotypes had the highest profile similarity coefficient (94 %), while others had similarity coefficients under 60 %. Seventy-five S. aureus isolates were further studied for their virulotypes, capsular antigens and biofilm production. Most surface factor-, leukocidin- and haemolysin-, but not the enterotoxin-encoding genes were detected in the majority (>75 %) of the isolates and were evenly distributed between the A, B and D pulsotype isolates. The majority of the 72 S. aureus positive with the cap5H or cap8H PCR produced the CP5 (82 %) or the CP8 (88 %) capsular antigen, respectively. Biofilm production by the 57 icaA-positive isolates was strong for 8 isolates, moderate for 31 isolates but weak for 18 isolates, implying that the icaA gene may not be expressed in vitro by one third of the positive isolates. Similar to other studies, those results confirm that a restricted number of S. aureus clones circulate within the three herds at Toukounous and that their specific virulence-associated properties must still be further studied [less ▲]

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See detailPremières traces et diversification de la vie (Chap. XI)
Javaux, Emmanuelle ULg

in Mastrangelo, victor (Ed.) Formation des systèmes stellaires et planétaires et conditions d’apparition de la vie (in press)

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See detailPer una edizione integrale e analitica dell'incipit della Storia d'Italia di Francesco Guicciardini
Moreno, Paola ULg

in Laboratoire Italien : Politique et Société (in press)

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See detailQuando l’autore corregge se stesso. Il caso unico del copialettere di Francesco Guicciardini
Moreno, Paola ULg

in Berra, Claudia (Ed.) Epistolari dal Due al Seicento. Modelli, questioni ecdotiche, edizioni, cantieri aperti. (in press)

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See detailMaqriziana XIII: An Exchange of Correspondence Between al-Maqrīzī (d. 845/1442) and al-Qalqašandī (d. 821/1418)
Bauden, Frédéric ULg

in Winter, Michael (Ed.) Festschrift Amalia Levanoni (in press)

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See detailPilgrimage Certificates from the Mamluk Period: New Data
Bauden, Frédéric ULg

in Bulletin of the School of Oriental and African Studies (in press)

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See detailLe rôle des pays émergents dans la gouvernance économique mondiale
Wintgens, Sophie ULg; Zacharie, Arnaud ULg

in Annuaire français de Relations internationales (in press), XVII(2016),

Since the 2000s, the rising power of emerging countries – China, East Asian countries and the BRICS in particular – changed the balance of power within the system of global economic governance. In an ... [more ▼]

Since the 2000s, the rising power of emerging countries – China, East Asian countries and the BRICS in particular – changed the balance of power within the system of global economic governance. In an increasingly multipolar world, external policies of the main emerging countries are aimed more at legitimizing their status of regional powers rather than at promoting a truly democratic multilateralism. By doing so, the global shift in wealth puts the multilateralism to the test. Although emerging countries have claimed more room in the international economic organizations, many of their demands have not been heard by the Western traditional powers, which prompted them to launch their own initiatives. This creates an increasing fragmentation of international financial and trade rules, which makes more complex the political conditions for effectively regulate the international system. Although emerging countries have contributed to challenge the legitimacy of the global economic governance architecture, they have so far failed to change its nature or to make it more consistent. [less ▲]

Detailed reference viewed: 15 (4 ULg)