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See detailIndirect quadrangular mesh generation and validation of curved finite elements
Johnen, Amaury ULg

Doctoral thesis (2016)

Among the different types of 3D finite element meshes, hexahedral meshes present properties that can be highly desirable, such as alignment with physical features or a lower computational cost. For this ... [more ▼]

Among the different types of 3D finite element meshes, hexahedral meshes present properties that can be highly desirable, such as alignment with physical features or a lower computational cost. For this reason and despite the maturity of the tetrahedral mesh generators, hexahedral mesh generation has always been a prolific research domain. Yet, there exists currently no robust algorithm capable of generating conformal all-hexahedral meshes with prescribed input size field on any arbitrary geometry. One difficulty that remains is that there exists no method to robustly assert that a hexahedron is valid. Indeed, linear hexahedra can be folded (tangled) in the same way than curvilinear tetrahedra. This thesis addresses two subjects. First, two original quadrangular mesh generation techniques are investigated, with the aim to generalize them to 3D. Both are indirect methods and thus consider the problem of combining pairs of triangles of an initial input triangular mesh. The first technique, called Blossom-Quad, computes the optimal solution of this problem with respect to a given quality criterion. As for any indirect method, the quality of the solution strongly depends on the location of the nodes in the initial triangular mesh. The generalization to 3D is however unclear and a second technique is investigated. This one aims at computing a near-optimal solution by using a look-ahead tree technique. The corresponding algorithm allows tuning the quality of the final mesh by choosing the depth of the tree as a parameter. This technique gives a promising way forward, especially as it is directly applicable in 3D. The second subject concerns the development of a method that permits to compute, with respect to any prescribed tolerance, the extrema of Jacobian-based quantities defined on finite elements of any order and type. Applied to the Jacobian determinant, this method allows to assert the validity of any (curvi-)linear finite element. This method is also applied to a quality measure that quantifies the pointwise anisotropy of the elements. Besides being very attractive for hexahedral mesh generation, this method is especially useful for the analysis of curvilinear finite element meshes. It can moreover be an important component of optimization techniques for achieving robustness. [less ▲]

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See detailLe poète François Jacqmin
Purnelle, Gérald ULg

Conference given outside the academic context (2016)

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See detailGalectin-1 is involved in osteoclast biology
Muller, Joséphine ULg; Binsfeld, Marilène ULg; DUBOIS, Sophie ULg et al

Poster (2016, February 28)

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See detailL’ACCOUTUMANCE À L’EAU, UN PASSAGE OBLIGÉ AVANT LA NATATION ?
Mornard, Manhattan ULg; Delvaux, Anne ULg; Delsupexhe, Nadège et al

Poster (2016, February 27)

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See detailEDUCATION RACHIDIENNE : DE L’ENFANT AU SPORTIF DE HAUT NIVEAU
Vanderthommen, Marc ULg; GROSDENT, Stéphanie ULg; Fettweis, Tatiana ULg et al

in Livre des Résumés du 2ème Colloque Guy Namurois (2016, February 27)

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See detailIntérêt d’un modèle de compétition adapté aux enfants en athlétisme : le Kid’s Athletics
Jidovtseff, Boris ULg; Wuillaume, Sandrine; Cloes, Marc ULg

Poster (2016, February 27)

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See detailSPÉCIALISATION SPORTIVE PRÉCOCE : QUEL IMPACT SUR LA PERFORMANCE, SUR LE DÉVELOPPEMENT ET SUR LA SANTÉ ET QUELLES PISTES DE SOLUTION ?
Jidovtseff, Boris ULg

in Jidovtseff; Halleux, Philippe; Lambert, Eric (Eds.) Livre des résumés du 2ème colloque Guuy Namurois (de l'éducation physique à la performance sportive) (2016, February 27)

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Peer Reviewed
See detailFrom Valeriana officinalis to cancer therapy: the success of a bio-sourced compound
Hamaïdia, Malik ULg; Barez, Pierre-Yves ULg; Carpentier, Alexandre ULg et al

in Biotechnologie, Agronomie, Société et Environnement = Biotechnology, Agronomy, Society and Environment [=BASE] (2016), 20

Over the centuries, bio-sourced compounds isolated from plants, insects and microorganisms have been a potent source of drugs for the treatment of human diseases. In this review, we recapitulate the story ... [more ▼]

Over the centuries, bio-sourced compounds isolated from plants, insects and microorganisms have been a potent source of drugs for the treatment of human diseases. In this review, we recapitulate the story of one of these compounds, 2-propylpentanoic acid, derived from the Valeriana officinalis flowering plant and its path to validation as a cancer treatment. [less ▲]

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See detailDes sœurs et des religieuses au service du corps souffrant, 17e – 18e s.
Henneau, Marie-Elisabeth ULg

Conference given outside the academic context (2016)

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See detailLower Carboniferous shallow marine sequences from the Central Alborz Basin, Iran (north-eastern margin of Gondwana): sedimentology, biostratigraphy and rock– magnetic studies
Sardar Abadi, Mehrdad ULg

Doctoral thesis (2016)

The Lower Carboniferous Mobarak Formation records the development of a carbonate platform on the southern Paleo-Tethyan passive margin. This pervasive carbonate factory was deposited following the opening ... [more ▼]

The Lower Carboniferous Mobarak Formation records the development of a carbonate platform on the southern Paleo-Tethyan passive margin. This pervasive carbonate factory was deposited following the opening of the Paleo-Tethys Ocean into the Alborz Basin along the northern margin of Gondwana. The depositional facies range from the most proximal to the most distal and include coastal environments, inner ramp peritidal facies, peloidal to crinoidal shoals, storm to fair-weather influenced mid-ramps, proximal to distal shell beds and low energy outer ramps. Storms clearly played a dominant role in the distribution of skeletal and non-skeletal shoals on the carbonate ramp. Sedimentological analyses complemented with foraminiferal biostratigraphy reveal four events which are interpreted to represent the principal factors controlling carbonate platform evolution in the Alborz Basin during the Lower Carboniferous: 1) A transgression linked to global temperature rise in the Early Tournaisian (Middle Hastarain) resulted in the formation of thick-bedded argillaceous limestones. 2) the Hastarian–Ivorian boundary glaciation phase, 3) Upper Ivorian–Lower Viséan? tectonic block faulting. 4) the Viséan- Serpukhovian glaciation phase. The three foraminiferal assemblages encountered in the Tournaisian interval of the Mobarak Formation are restricted to specific periods within the Ivorian. The occurrence of specific foraminiferal taxa in Alborz is tightly governed by transgressions and migration of North Paleo–Tethyan biotic elements as response to the thermal period. We also combined proxies for ambient paleothermometry in addition to the indications for arid conditions and arid conditions and the presence of foraminiferal taxa with a North Paleo-Tethyan affinity in the Lower Carboniferous Mobarak Formation to suggest a paleo-position for the Alborz Basin at lower latitudes than approximately 45  –50  southern paleolatitude reported thus far. Magnetic susceptibility ( in ) was measured and compared with facies from the same sample. There is a clear link between  in and facies, and the average  in values are higher for distal facies than for proximal ones. The  in profile of Lower Carboniferous carbonate sequence reflects stratigraphic variations in response to relative sea level changes and detrital input. In the context of the sequence stratigraphic framework, the average  in values for lowstand and transgressive system tracts deposits are higher than for the highstand system tracts deposits. The clear link between  in and facies points to at least partly preserved primary  in signal, related to detrital inputs. In respect to the hysteresis measurements the in signal is mainly carried by low coercivity ferromagnetic minerals such as magnetite, with a mixture of relatively coarse grains (detrital fraction) and ultra-fine grains (probably formed during diagenesis). [less ▲]

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See detailDen Blick auf den Punkt bringen. Ästhetisch-narrative Betrachtungen zu Christian Schwochows Westen.
Hamers, Jérémy ULg

Scientific conference (2016, February 26)

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See detailParticipation à la conférence/débat "Conspirationnisme et pensée critique"
Hamers, Jérémy ULg

Conference given outside the academic context (2016)

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Peer Reviewed
See detailUn manuscrit de l’entourage de Noël Bellemare sous le microscope : analyse du ms. W 29 de l’Université de Liège
Oger, Cécile ULg; L'Estrange, Elizabeth; Gilbert, Bernard ULg et al

Conference (2016, February 26)

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See detailIntroduction. Ethique et politique de la recherche
Caeymaex, Florence ULg

Scientific conference (2016, February 25)

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See detailTowards understanding the variability in biospheric CO2 fluxes: using FTIR spectrometry and a chemical transport model to investigate the sources and sinks of carbonyl sulfide and its link to CO2
Wang, Y.; Deutscher, N. M.; Palm, M. et al

in Atmospheric Chemistry and Physics (2016), 16

Understanding carbon dioxide (CO2) biospheric processes is of great importance because the terrestrial exchange drives the seasonal and interannual variability of CO2 in the atmosphere. Atmospheric ... [more ▼]

Understanding carbon dioxide (CO2) biospheric processes is of great importance because the terrestrial exchange drives the seasonal and interannual variability of CO2 in the atmosphere. Atmospheric inversions based on CO2 concentration measurements alone can only determine net biosphere fluxes, but not differentiate between photosynthesis (uptake) and respiration (production). Carbonyl sulfide (OCS) could provide an important additional constraint: it is also taken up by plants during photosynthesis but not emitted during respiration, and therefore is a potential means to differentiate between these processes. Solar absorption Fourier Transform InfraRed (FTIR) spectrometry allows for the retrievals of the atmospheric concentrations of both CO2 and OCS from measured solar absorption spectra. Here, we investigate co-located and quasi-simultaneous FTIR measurements of OCS and CO2 performed at five selected sites located in the Northern Hemisphere. These measurements are compared to simulations of OCS and CO2 using a chemical transport model (GEOS-Chem). The coupled biospheric fluxes of OCS and CO2 from the simple biosphere model (SiB) are used in the study. The CO2 simulation with SiB fluxes agrees with the measurements well, while the OCS simulation reproduced a weaker drawdown than FTIR measurements at selected sites, and a smaller latitudinal gradient in the Northern Hemisphere during growing season when comparing with HIPPO (HIAPER Pole-to-Pole Observations) data spanning both hemispheres. An offset in the timing of the seasonal cycle minimum between SiB simulation and measurements is also seen. Using OCS as a photosynthesis proxy can help to understand how the biospheric processes are reproduced in models and to further understand the carbon cycle in the real world. [less ▲]

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See detailDémocratie: le pire des régimes à l'exception de tous les autres ?
Debras, François ULg

Conference given outside the academic context (2016)

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See detailL’enseignement de l’éducation physique en Belgique francophone : une lente transition vers la littératie physique et un ancrage sociétal
Cloes, Marc ULg

Conference (2016, February 25)

A la fin des années 90’, les autorités en charge de l’Education dans l’actuelle Fédération Wallonie-Bruxelles ont attribué à l’éducation physique la mission de développer trois domaines de compétences ... [more ▼]

A la fin des années 90’, les autorités en charge de l’Education dans l’actuelle Fédération Wallonie-Bruxelles ont attribué à l’éducation physique la mission de développer trois domaines de compétences (condition physique, habiletés gestuelles, coopération socio-motrice) pour poursuivre en parallèle quatre finalités (santé, sécurité, expression-communication, éducation sportive). Si les textes officiels semblaient encourager le développement d’un cours d’éducation physique où le sport cédait un peu de terrain à l’activité physique au sens large, force est de constater que, dans les faits, les séances sont restées essentiellement construites par rapport à la pratique de disciplines sportives (dont le choix tend par ailleurs à s’élargir et à se diversifier). Depuis quelques années, sous l’impulsion des formateurs d’enseignants, on constate toutefois une modification très progressive des mentalités. De plus en plus d’initiatives sont ainsi mises en place sur le terrain dans la perspective d’amener les élèves à devenir des citoyens responsables … de leur corps tout au long de leur vie. Cette évolution en faveur de la littératie physique s’accompagne par ailleurs de démarches visant à souligner l’ancrage sociétal de la discipline dont l’apport concret doit impérativement être mis en exergue : le cours d’éducation physique qui présente des liens directs avec ce qui se passe en dehors des murs de l’école. Le professeur d’éducation physique est ainsi de plus en plus présenté comme le potentiel coordinateur de la promotion d’un style de vie actif au sein des établissements scolaires. [less ▲]

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See detailLa quadrature de l'économie circulaire
Pirard, Eric ULg

Scientific conference (2016, February 25)

La quadrature du cercle économique est une source d’inspiration et d’innovation pour tous les ingénieurs au Nord comme au Sud. Essayer de la résoudre, c’est contribuer sans conteste à une utilisation plus ... [more ▼]

La quadrature du cercle économique est une source d’inspiration et d’innovation pour tous les ingénieurs au Nord comme au Sud. Essayer de la résoudre, c’est contribuer sans conteste à une utilisation plus efficiente des ressources de notre planète. Mais pour cela, il est indispensable de bien comprendre l’ensemble de la chaîne de valeurs de la matière et d’éviter les leurres et les slogans simplistes comme « zero waste » ou « closing the loop » [less ▲]

Detailed reference viewed: 52 (2 ULg)