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See detailLes remèdes d'origine égyptienne utilisés dans la médecine vétérinaire antique
Marganne, Marie-Hélène ULg

in Ripoll-Gitton, Valérie (Ed.) La trousse du vétérinaire (in press)

Famous since the Odyssey (IV, 229-230) for its drugs, Egypt furnishes the Greek world with some medical substances already mentioned in the hippocratic treatises. Moreover, many Greek drug names have been ... [more ▼]

Famous since the Odyssey (IV, 229-230) for its drugs, Egypt furnishes the Greek world with some medical substances already mentioned in the hippocratic treatises. Moreover, many Greek drug names have been loaned from the Egyptian language, such as ἄμ(μ)ι for cumin, κίκι for castor-oil, κόμμι for gum, κῦφι for a complex preparation used for fumigation in cult practices, νίτρον for sodium carbonate, στίμμι for galena, σῶρυ for ferrous sulfate, and σάμψ(ο)υχον, for marjoram, whose name means “herb (sem) of Soukhos", another name for the crocodile god Sobek. The trade of drugs, spices and colourants, used in pharmacology, cosmetology, painting, cultual and magical practices, embalming rites and nutrition always flourished in Egypt and has intensified in Hellenistic and Roman times. As a continuation of the research on remedies of Egyptian origin in Greco-Roman pharmacopoeia, this article provides a list of Egyptian ingredients used in Greek and Latin veterinary prescriptions. The use of these substances is compared with recomandations from human medicine. Their availability and costs are also studied. [less ▲]

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See detailThe Rise of the Brentano School
Dewalque, Arnaud ULg

in Kriegel, Uriah (Ed.) Handbook of Brentano and the Brentano School (in press)

In this chapter, I give a bird’s eye view of the Brentano School from a rather historical perspective. My leading hypothesis is that one crucial factor explaining the rise of the school is Brentano’s ... [more ▼]

In this chapter, I give a bird’s eye view of the Brentano School from a rather historical perspective. My leading hypothesis is that one crucial factor explaining the rise of the school is Brentano’s unique strategy, within the academic context of the time, to promote the revival of philosophy as a rigorous science. After a brief introduction, I reconstruct the three main phases in the school’s development, namely Brentano’s teaching in Würzburg (1866-73), his teaching in Vienna (1874-95), and Anton Marty’s teaching in Prague (1880-1913). [less ▲]

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See detailLe Mur et le masque. À propos de Banksy.
Saint-Amand, Denis ULg

in MethIS : Méthodes et Interdisciplinarité en Sciences Humaines (in press)

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See detailNegatively Charged Lipids as a Potential Target for New Amphiphilic Aminoglycoside Antibiotics: A BIOPHYSICAL STUDY*
Sautrey, Guillaume; El Khoury, Micheline; Dos Giros, Andrea et al

in Journal of Biological Chemistry (in press)

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See detailÀ propos de l’écologie du discours heuristique
Job, Pierre ULg; Gilot, Marguerite ULg

in Actes du 4ième congrès international sur la théorie anthropologique du didactique (TAD) : Évolutions contemporaines du rapport aux mathématiques et aux autres savoirs à l'école et dans la société (in press)

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See detailImaginer-lire le Capital
Pieron, Julien ULg

in Cahiers d'Etudes Germaniques (in press)

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See detailQu'est-ce qu'un indicateur ? Paradigme indiciaire et processus de gouvernementalité
Petteni, Oriane ULg

in Nicolas, Loic (Ed.) L'indice (in press)

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See detailFéminiser la voix
Morsomme, Dominique ULg; Remacle, Angélique ULg

in Bilans, rééducation et pathologies de la voix parlée et chantée (in press)

Dans ce chapitre, nous présentons la voix du point de vue du genre. En effet, l’Unité Logopédie de la Voix (www.logopedie-voix.be) s’intéresse entre autres à la féminisation vocale chez les personnes ... [more ▼]

Dans ce chapitre, nous présentons la voix du point de vue du genre. En effet, l’Unité Logopédie de la Voix (www.logopedie-voix.be) s’intéresse entre autres à la féminisation vocale chez les personnes transidentitaires, en processus de changement de genre. Ces personnes ne s’identifiant pas au sexe et au genre qui leur ont été attribués à la naissance, elles éprouvent un désir profond de vivre comme une personne du sexe opposé à leur sexe biologique. Lors du processus de transition où ont lieu les transformations nécessaires au changement de genre, l'orthophonie a pour but d’améliorer la cohérence entre l’apparence de la personne et sa voix. Ainsi, notre recherche se focalise sur ce qui distingue la voix féminine de la voix masculine. Nous visons à développer des stratégies de féminisation vocale, portant sur des paramètres tels que la fréquence fondamentale de la voix, les formants, les contours intonatifs, le débit de parole, le rythme, ou encore le vocabulaire choisi. Féminiser une voix, c’est chercher à comprendre ce qui permet d’en identifier le genre, mais également participer à la construction de l’identité de la personne à part entière. [less ▲]

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See detailValidity and reliability of the French translation of the VISA-A questionnaire for Achilles tendinopathy
Kaux, Jean-François ULg; Delvaux, François ULg; Oppong-Kyei, Julian et al

in Disability & Rehabilitation (in press)

Purpose The Victorian Institute of Sport Assessment – Achilles tendinopathy questionnaire (VISA-A) evaluates the clinical severity of Achilles tendinopathy. The aim of this study was to translate the VISA ... [more ▼]

Purpose The Victorian Institute of Sport Assessment – Achilles tendinopathy questionnaire (VISA-A) evaluates the clinical severity of Achilles tendinopathy. The aim of this study was to translate the VISA-A into French and to study the reliability and validity of this French version, the VISA-AF. Method The VISA-A was translated into French to produce the VISA-AF using a validated methodology in six steps. Thereafter, several psychometric properties of this French version such as test–retest reliability, internal consistency, construct validity and floor and ceiling effects were evaluated. Therefore, we recruited 116 subjects, distributed into 3 groups: pathological patients (n¼31), at-risk athletes (n¼63) and healthy people (n¼22). Results The final version of the VISAAF was approved by an expert committee. On a scale ranging from 0 to 100, the average scores of the VISA-AF obtained were 59 (± 18) for the pathological group, 99 (± 1) for the healthy group and 94 (± 7) for the at-risk group. The VISA-AF shows excellent reliability, low correlations with the discriminant subscales of the SF-36 and moderate correlations with the convergent subscales of the SF-36. Conclusions The French version of the VISA-A is equivalent to its original version and is a reliable and valid questionnaire for French-speaking patients with Achilles tendinopathy. [less ▲]

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See detailComposite joints under M-N at elevated temperatures
Haremza, Cécile; Santiago, Aldina; Demonceau, Jean-François ULg et al

in Journal of Constructional Steel Research (in press)

The Eurocodes recognise robustness as a way to ensure the structural integrity of a building frame subjected to an unforeseen event and therefore to avoid a so-called “progressive failure” mode in extreme ... [more ▼]

The Eurocodes recognise robustness as a way to ensure the structural integrity of a building frame subjected to an unforeseen event and therefore to avoid a so-called “progressive failure” mode in extreme loading situations. However, few practical guidelines exist nowadays which would allow a designer to design a structure accordingly. Within the European RFCS ROBUSTFIRE project, the behaviour of steel and composite car parks subjected to localised fire leading to a column loss was investigated. Under such a scenario, the beam-to-column joints play a key role in the global structural response. Indeed, these joints, initially loaded in bending, may be subjected to elevated temperatures and to combined axial load “N”, bending moment “M” and shear forces “V”. In this paper, a methodology to predict the mechanical response of bolted composite beam-to-column joints at elevated temperatures under M-N is presented and validated through comparison with detailed numerical results and experimental tests. This methodology is based on an analytical method able to predict M-N resistance interaction curves for steel and composite joints and which is in full agreement with the component model recommended by the Eurocode. [less ▲]

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See detailRéflexivité et classes sémantiques dans le lexique verbal français
Mazziotta, Nicolas ULg; Stein, Achim

in XXXIII. Tagung des Deutschen Romanistenverbands (DRV) (in press)

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See detailRuptures et démesures de l'architecture non standard à l'ère du numérique: la paramétrisation comme outil de réconciliation.
Stals, Adeline ULg; Elsen, Catherine ULg; Jancart, Sylvie ULg

in Goulette, Jean-Pierre; Ferries, Bernard (Eds.) Actes du Séminaire de Conception Architecturale Numérique (in press)

L’intégration de l’outil numérique au processus de conception architectural a ouvert les champs morphologiques et a favorisé l’émergence de l’architecture non standard. Cette contribution identifie les ... [more ▼]

L’intégration de l’outil numérique au processus de conception architectural a ouvert les champs morphologiques et a favorisé l’émergence de l’architecture non standard. Cette contribution identifie les principaux bouleversements pratiques et réflexifs liés à l’émergence de cette architecture parfois démesurée. Il les résume en trois ruptures entre les différentes phases du projet-objet et les acteurs du projet. Nous proposons ensuite de considérer la modélisation paramétrique comme l’un des outils d’une maîtrise renouvelée du processus de génération de la forme, et de la forme elle-même. [less ▲]

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See detailPaul Hymans, la Belgique et les affaires internationales (1914-1927). Un homme et un État dans la « hiérarchie »
Genin, Vincent ULg

in L’arbitre de l’Europe. Fixer, penser, contester les hiérarchies politiques en Europe (in press)

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See detailsynthéticité et intuition en mathématiques contemporaines : Kant au-delà de Kant
Mazurkiewicz, Stany ULg

in Eikasia. Revista de Filosofia. (in press)

Ce texte entend réévaluer l'idée de "pure synthèse intellectuelle" que l'on trouve chez Kant. Celle-ci cadre avec la pratique mathématique et métamathématique postérieure à Kant. Elle permet de dépasser l ... [more ▼]

Ce texte entend réévaluer l'idée de "pure synthèse intellectuelle" que l'on trouve chez Kant. Celle-ci cadre avec la pratique mathématique et métamathématique postérieure à Kant. Elle permet de dépasser l'alternative entre l'intuitionnisme développé dans la Critique de la raison pure et la fondation de la mathématique sur une logique formelle analytique. Je montre que cette idée convient à Bolzano et à Dedekind, dont je soutiens que les projets sont irréductibles à du logicisme et qui sont dès lors bien plus "kantiens" qu'il n'y paraît. [less ▲]

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See detailPros and cons of flowers strips for farmers. A review
Uyttenbroeck, Roel ULg; Hatt, Séverin ULg; Paul, Aman ULg et al

in Biotechnologie, Agronomie, Société et Environnement = Biotechnology, Agronomy, Society and Environment (in press), 20(Special issue 1),

Description of the subject. To counteract environmental problems due to agricultural intensification, European farmers can apply agri-environmental schemes in their fields. Flower strips are one example ... [more ▼]

Description of the subject. To counteract environmental problems due to agricultural intensification, European farmers can apply agri-environmental schemes in their fields. Flower strips are one example of these schemes, with the aim of supporting biodiversity, leading to an increase in “useful” species groups such as pollinators for crop pollination and natural enemies for pest control. However, to our knowledge, a complete appraisal of the pros and cons of flower strips, from a farmer’s point of view, does not yet exist. It is proposed that better and more complete information could increase the adoption and implementation of such agri-environmental schemes. Objectives. This study aims 1) to assess the pros and cons of flower strips, from a farmer’s point of view, and 2) to highlight the knowledge gaps that exist in the scientific literature, for the different types of pros and cons. Method. We listed the different components of the appraisal of pros and cons and conducted a systematic screening of the scientific literature on flower strips and these components. Results. The largest part of the 31 selected studies was concerning agronomical and ecological processes, such as pollination and animal pest control. Most of them indicated positive effects of flower strips. For many components of the appraisal, mostly economic and social ones, few or no studies were found. Conclusions. While a positive balance of pros and cons, from a farmer’s point of view, came from our literature screening, large research gaps still remain and more research is required, especially in the economic and social components of the evaluation. [less ▲]

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See detailAn item analysis of the French version of the Test for Reception of Grammar among children and adolescents with Down syndrome or intellectual disability of undifferentiated etiology
Facon, Bruno; Magis, David ULg

in Journal of Speech, Language, and Hearing research (in press)

Purpose: An item analysis of Bishop’s (1983) Test for Reception of Grammar (TROG) in its French version (F-TROG, Lecocq, 1996) was conducted to determine whether the difficulty of items is similar for ... [more ▼]

Purpose: An item analysis of Bishop’s (1983) Test for Reception of Grammar (TROG) in its French version (F-TROG, Lecocq, 1996) was conducted to determine whether the difficulty of items is similar for participants with or without intellectual disability (ID). Method: In Study 1, responses to the 92 F-TROG items by 55 participants with Down syndrome (DS), 55 with ID of undifferentiated etiology (UND) and 55 typical children (TYP) matched on their F-TROG total score were compared using the transformed item difficulties method, a statistical approach designed to detect differential item functioning (DIF) between groups. In Study 2, an additional comparison involving 526 TYP participants and 526 participants with UND was conducted to increase the statistical power of the analysis. Results: The difficulty of items was highly similar whatever the sample size or clinical status of participants. Fewer than 3.5 % of the items were flagged as showing DIF. Conclusions: Tests such as the TROG can be used with confidence in clinical practice as well as in research studies comparing participants with or without ID. Methods designed for investigating potential internal test bias – such as done here – should be more regularly employed in the developmental disability field to affirm the absence of DIF. [less ▲]

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See detailA cross-sectional analysis of developmental trajectories of vocabulary comprehension among children and adolescents with Down syndrome or intellectual disability of undifferentiated aetiology
Facon, Bruno; Courbois, Yannick; Magis, David ULg

in Journal of Intellectual & Developmental Disability (in press)

Background: This work seeks to expand our knowledge of developmental trajectories of subcomponents of the language systems of individuals with intellectual disability (ID). It aims to explore how general ... [more ▼]

Background: This work seeks to expand our knowledge of developmental trajectories of subcomponents of the language systems of individuals with intellectual disability (ID). It aims to explore how general and relational vocabularies evolve as a function of cognitive level. Method: Developmental trajectories of general and relational vocabulary comprehension were compared among typically developing children (TYP) and children and adolescents with ID of undifferentiated aetiology (UND) or Down syndrome (DS). Results: Comparisons between TYP and UND participants showed no interaction between cognitive level and diagnostic status for general vocabulary, and only a very weak interaction for relational vocabulary. Comparisons between TYP and DS participants failed to reveal groupspecific trajectories. Performance in general vocabulary was higher than in relational vocabulary for both UND and DS participants. Conclusion: The developmental trajectories of vocabulary appear to be globally comparable for participants with or without ID. [less ▲]

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See detailThe Profession of Printer in the Southern Netherlands before the Reformation. Considerations on Professional, Religious and State Legislations
Adam, Renaud ULg

in Soen, Violet; Vanysacker, Dries; François, Wim (Eds.) Censorship and Catholic Reform in the Early Modern Low Countries (in press)

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See detailRectal cancer treatment in a teaching hospital
Verdin, Vanessa; Weerts, Joseph; Francart, David et al

in Acta Chirurgica Belgica (in press)

Background: Rectal adenocarcinomas surgery morbidity and mortality might be impaired by neoadjuvant therapy. We performed this retropsective study to be compared with the PROCARE study running afterwards ... [more ▼]

Background: Rectal adenocarcinomas surgery morbidity and mortality might be impaired by neoadjuvant therapy. We performed this retropsective study to be compared with the PROCARE study running afterwards. Methods: We performed a retrospective study of 95 patients operated on for rectal denocarcinoma in a single institution during the period 2007-2009. We used logistic regression to estimate the relationship between possible predictive parameters of AL. Results: The laparoscopic approach is favored in 63.1% of the cases with a conversion rate of 11.6%, mainly in man (6 out of 7). For low rectal cancer though, laparotomy was the first choice (92.3%). From a carcinological point of view, laparoscopy allowed a complete tumor resection according to the PME (n=27) and TME (n=26) standards. Multivariate analysis revealed that women, lower BMI, lower rectum tumor, laparoscopic surgery, neoadjuvant treatment and anal suture were associated with higher risk of AL. The mean hospital stay was 15.4 days (3 – 46 days). In-hospital mortality was 3.1%. Adjuvant chemotherapy was completed in 42.1% of the patients. Despite these treatments, we registered a recurrence rate of 26.6%. Of these, 72% were distally localized and 12% exclusively locally. Among the patients operated on by laparoscopy, there was one local recurrence and one local with distant metastases (3.7%). The one- and three-years survival rates were 91.5% and 80.4% respectively. Conclusions: Our study showed a higher rate of AL than expected (18%). In our series recorded in PROCARE-Home, our leak rate has dropped to 10%. It may be indicating a positive effect of PROCARE. [less ▲]

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