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See detailToward and old-growth concept for grasslands, savannas, and woodlands
Veldman, Joseph W; Buisson, Elise; Durigan, Giselda et al

in Frontiers in Ecology and the Environment (in press)

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See detailEnzymatic hydrolysis of softwood and hardwood regenerated celluloses
Jacquet, Nicolas ULg; Maniet, Guillaume ULg; Richel, Aurore ULg et al

in Current Chemical Biology (in press)

Regenerated celluloses from Kraft wood pulps (from hardwoods and softwoods) were hydrolysed by mean of cellulase of Trichoderma reesei. Our results highlighted that a 75% hydrolysis yield was reached for ... [more ▼]

Regenerated celluloses from Kraft wood pulps (from hardwoods and softwoods) were hydrolysed by mean of cellulase of Trichoderma reesei. Our results highlighted that a 75% hydrolysis yield was reached for hardwood regenerated cellulose (HRC) and 90% for softwood regenerated cellulose (SRC). Crystallinity indices from X-Ray diffraction patterns were used to measure hydrolysis rate of crystalline and amorphous regions. Addition of β-glucosidase to the enzymatic complex of Trichoderma reesei was confirmed to enhance yields of hydrolysis. [less ▲]

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See detail« À table ! ». Indexation et organisation des livres de cuisine aux 17e et 18e siècles
Colson, Maryse ULg

in Mathieu, Georges (Ed.) Les Tables des matières (in press)

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See detailL’Union européenne et l’interrégionalisme : trajectoire, situation actuelle et perspective
Santander, Sébastian ULg

in Chabal, Pierre (Ed.) Concurrences Interrégionales Europe-Asie au 21ème siècle (in press)

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See detailÉtude anatomoradiologique d’un crâne déformé d’Ancón (Pérou)
Ricciardetto, Antonio ULg; Boman, Françoise; Duchat, Florent et al

in Charlier, Philippe (Ed.) Actes du Ve Colloque international de Pathographie (in press)

Matériels et méthodes : l’étude porte sur un crâne déformé provenant d’Ancón au Pérou, inventorié au Muséum National d’Histoire Naturelle (MNHN) de Paris en 1889. L’étude est géographique, historique ... [more ▼]

Matériels et méthodes : l’étude porte sur un crâne déformé provenant d’Ancón au Pérou, inventorié au Muséum National d’Histoire Naturelle (MNHN) de Paris en 1889. L’étude est géographique, historique, macroscopique et tomodensitométrique. Résultats : situé sur la côte à 40 km au nord de Lima, la capitale du Pérou, le site d’Ancón est un site archéologique de la période lithique, et un lieu de sépulture depuis l’époque Chavín (1250 à 250 av. J.-Chr.). Dès l’époque Chavín, les peuples du Pérou ancien construisaient des centres cérémoniels dirigés par une élite théocratique, et déformaient le crâne des enfants dès les premiers jours de la vie, à l’aide de moyens de pression variés. La déformation du crâne d’Ancón est une déformation antéro-postérieure oblique, brachycéphale, bilobée et asymétrique, sans trépanation ni déformation dentaire associée. C’est une variante bilobée du type Huaura de déformation crânienne, qui est associé aux régions de Chancay-Ancón et Lima. L’étude tomodensitométrique des variations d’épaisseur de la voûte, avec amincissement en regard des zones de pression, a montré que la déformation était intentionnelle, et caractérisée par une pression fronto-pariéto-temporale bilatérale surtout antérieure et dégressive d’avant en arrière, associée à une pression frontale, occipitale, et sagittale médiane. En l’absence de contexte et de datation, l’ancienneté du crâne étudié ne peut pas être précisée au long d’une période de presque trois millénaires, jusqu’à la domination Inca et l’arrivée des Espagnols (1532). Le crâne pourrait appartenir à l’une ou l’autre des cultures successives du site d’Ancón : Chavín, Baňos de Boza o Miramar, Lima, Wari, et Chancay (1200 à 1470), dont les céramiques représentent la déformation bilobée. Le crâne est probablement celui d’une femme âgée de plus de 45 ans à son décès, de statut social élevé, faisant partie de l’élite magico-religieuse, politique et économique dirigeante. L’étude de l’endocrâne a permis d’observer la déformation des veines superficielles et des lobes du cerveau. Il existe des signes de parodonpathie chronique à un stade avancé. Un abcès d’origine dentaire pourrait avoir été la cause du décès. Conclusions et perspectives : en ce qui concerne la pratique des déformations crâniennes, la région d’Ancón-Chancay et de Lima paraît être remarquable à trois égards : par le grand nombre de crânes déformés, par le grand nombre de crânes bilobés, et par la proportion importante de femmes, dont on peut supposer qu’elles étaient nées de familles nobles, et destinées dès l’enfance à faire partie de l’élite théocratique. La reconstitution 3D de l’épaisseur de la voûte crânienne a permis pour la première fois à notre connaissance de caractériser ce type de déformation, et pourrait permettre de reconstituer l’appareil déformateur. Seule la reprise des exhumations programmées sur le site d’Ancón, dans le cadre d’un projet prospectif pluridisciplinaire, pourrait permettre de mieux préciser la proportion d’individus à crâne déformé, la proportion des crânes bilobés, et le sex ratio, dans chaque contexte historique et socio-culturel de ce type de déformation crânienne intentionnelle ; et, peut-être, de retrouver in situ l’appareil déformateur correspondant. [less ▲]

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See detailPoly(vinyl ester 1,2,3-triazolium)s: a new member of the poly(ionic liquid)s family
Obadia, M. M.; Colliat-Dangus, G.; Debuigne, Antoine ULg et al

in Chemical Communications (in press)

A vinyl ester monomer carrying a pendant 1,2,3-triazole group is synthesized in two steps and polymerized by cobalt-mediated radical polymerization. Subsequent alkylation with N-methyl bis ... [more ▼]

A vinyl ester monomer carrying a pendant 1,2,3-triazole group is synthesized in two steps and polymerized by cobalt-mediated radical polymerization. Subsequent alkylation with N-methyl bis[(trifluoromethyl)sulfonyl]imide affords the corresponding poly(vinyl ester 1,2,3-triazolium). This unprecedented example of poly(vinyl ester ionic liquid) exhibits an ionic conductivity of 9.2 × 10(-7) S cm(-1) at 30 °C [less ▲]

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See detailLe délit de presse à l’ère numérique
Behrendt, Christian ULg

in Revue Belge de Droit Constitutionnel [= RBDC] (in press)

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See detailÉVOLUTION DE LA TENEUR EN EAU LE LONG D’UNE TOPOSEQUENCE FORESTIERE ARGILO-LIMONEUSE
Deraedt, Deborah ULg; Colinet, Gilles ULg; Degré, Aurore ULg

in Milieux Poreux et Transferts Hydriques (in press)

For the hydrological modeling of forested watersheds, the understanding of the forest hydrodynamic is essential. This study focusses on the hydrology of a Belgian forested plot with high stoniness and ... [more ▼]

For the hydrological modeling of forested watersheds, the understanding of the forest hydrodynamic is essential. This study focusses on the hydrology of a Belgian forested plot with high stoniness and steep slope. The soil water content is monitored at several positions on the toposequence and at different depth. During rain events, peak in soil water content are observed in different depth depending on the position along the toposequence. [less ▲]

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See detailPETRA: Multivariate analyses for neuroimaging data
Segovia-Román, Fermín ULg; Álvarez Illán, Ignacio; Salas-Gonzalez, Diego et al

in Proceeding of 2nd International Work-Conference on Bioinformatics and Biomedical Engineering (in press)

In last years, many research efforts in neurosciences have focused in multivariate approaches based on machine learning as an al- ternative to the use of Statistical Parametric Mapping and the univariate ... [more ▼]

In last years, many research efforts in neurosciences have focused in multivariate approaches based on machine learning as an al- ternative to the use of Statistical Parametric Mapping and the univariate analyses that it provides. However, this relatively new field still lacks of a software framework that completely meets the needs of the scientific community. In this work we present a toolbox designed to facilitate the access to the recent advances in neuroimaging data analysis based on multivariate approaches. The toolbox, written on Matlab, is freely avail- able and implements a Graphical User Interface that allows managing neuroimaging data in an easy way. [less ▲]

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See detailDer "vernünftige Genuß des Lebens" − Annotations to the travel journal of Sophie Becker
Viehöver, Vera ULg; Leyh, Valérie ULg

in Renker, Cindy (Ed.) Women from the Parsonage. Pastors’ Daughters as Writers, Translators, Salonnières, and Educators (in press)

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See detailA Stereocontrolled Synthesis of the Hydrophobic Moiety of Rhamnolipids
Menhour, Boudjema; Mayon, Patrick; Plé, Karen et al

in Tetrahedron Letters (in press)

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See detailIntroduction
Canettieri, Paolo; Proto, Teresa; Valenti, Gianluca ULg

in Canettieri, Paolo; Proto, Teresa; Valenti, Gianluca (Eds.) Text and Tune. On the Association of Music and Lyrics in Sung Verse. Proceedings of the International Conference hosted in Rome the 23th-25th of February 2012 (in press)

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See detailIntroduction
Levaux, Christophe ULg

in Belloi, Livio; Delville, Michel; Levaux, Christophe (Eds.) et al Boucle et répétition : musique, littérature, arts visuels (in press)

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See detailImpact de l’hygiène bucco-dentaire sur le sport. Revue de la littérature
Kipgen, Laurence; Kaux, Jean-François ULg; Rompen, Eric ULg et al

in Journal de Traumatologie du Sport (in press)

Teeth are the object of multiple attentions and care but unfortunately, it is not the same case of the periodonte, their point of anchoring and essential support. What could be more commonplace than a ... [more ▼]

Teeth are the object of multiple attentions and care but unfortunately, it is not the same case of the periodonte, their point of anchoring and essential support. What could be more commonplace than a bleeding arising during the daily brushing? Being not painful, it activates very often no concern and no request of consultation. It is nevertheless about one of the most obvious clinical signs of the periodontal diseases which affect, to varying degrees, practically 90 % of the population in France in all groups of ages and is responsible of the loss from 30 to 40 % of the teeth. For several decades, the scientific world admits a relation between the periodontal disease and certain systematic diseases, as the endocarditis, the atherosclerosis, the diabetes… And what about tendinopathies? Their appearance is often spontaneous without specific medical origin and their cure turns out long and painful. This review has for objective to highlight the relations between the oral hygiene and sportsmen. [less ▲]

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See detailApproaches for analyzing the roles of mast cells and their proteases in vivo.
Galli, Stephen J; Tsai, Mindy; Marichal, Thomas ULg et al

in Advances in Immunology (in press)

The roles of mast cells in health and disease remain incompletely understood. While the evidence that mast cells are critical effector cells in IgE-dependent anaphylaxis and other acute IgE-mediated ... [more ▼]

The roles of mast cells in health and disease remain incompletely understood. While the evidence that mast cells are critical effector cells in IgE-dependent anaphylaxis and other acute IgE-mediated allergic reactions seems unassailable, studies employing various mice deficient in mast cells or mast cell-associated proteases have yielded divergent conclusions about the roles of mast cells or their proteases in certain other immunological responses. Such “controversial” results call into question the relative utility of various older versus newer approaches to ascertain the roles of mast cells and mast cell proteases in vivo. This review discusses how both older and more recent mouse models have been used to investigate the functions of mast cells and their proteases in health and disease. We particularly focus on settings in which divergent conclusions about the importance of mast cells and their proteases have been supported by studies that employed different models of mast cell or mast cell protease deficiency. We think that two major conclusions can be drawn from such findings: (1) no matter which models of mast cell or mast cell protease deficiency one employs, the conclusions drawn from the experiments always should take into account the potential limitations of the models (particularly abnormalities affecting cell types other than mast cells) and (2) even when analyzing a biological response using a single model of mast cell or mast cell protease deficiency, details of experimental design are critical in efforts to define those conditions under which important contributions of mast cells or their proteases can be identified. [less ▲]

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