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Peer Reviewed
See detailThe Bullshit Abstract: From Critique to Reflexive Practice
Van Oudheusden, Michiel ULg; Charlier, Nathan ULg; Claisse, Frédéric ULg

Conference (2016, March 17)

Academics use the abstract to summarize and communicate a research paper’s focus, methods, findings, and conclusions. However, not all abstracts are convincing. Many are bland, uninspired, or outright ... [more ▼]

Academics use the abstract to summarize and communicate a research paper’s focus, methods, findings, and conclusions. However, not all abstracts are convincing. Many are bland, uninspired, or outright stupid, as authors do not always know what they want to say or how to communicate complex research in the space of a few hundred words. They hence often convey the kind of “intelligent stupidity,” which Robert Musil (1937) said could hardly be “distinguished from talent, progress, hope or improvement.” By implication, abstracts are prone to contain and perpetuate “academic bullshit” (Frankfurt 2005), broadly understood as forms of academic expression that meet the stylistic academic standards but generate content that is deceptive, doubtful, or irrelevant. Taking this inherent disposition towards bullshit in the academic abstract as its entry point, this paper presents ten self-authored “bullshit abstracts,” which draw inspiration from various academic fields. Far from denouncing bullshit outright, it acknowledges the inevitable character of bullshit in academic writing (Eubanks and Schaeffer 2008). It urges academics to reflexively consider, and perform, their roles as researchers and writers in view of the challenges they face today, such as reputation management and the pressure in academia to publish or perish; and their complete lack of sensitivity to the odorous aspects of writing. [less ▲]

Detailed reference viewed: 87 (3 ULg)
Peer Reviewed
See detail"Parcours fléchés. Seuils et traversées dans l'œuvre de Marc-Antoine Mathieu"
Belloi, Livio ULg

Conference (2016, March 17)

Cette communication se propose d'étudier "Sens" (2014), le dernier album du dessinateur français Marc-Antoine Mathieu. Plus spécifiquement, il s'agissait, conformément au thème directeur du Congrès de St ... [more ▼]

Cette communication se propose d'étudier "Sens" (2014), le dernier album du dessinateur français Marc-Antoine Mathieu. Plus spécifiquement, il s'agissait, conformément au thème directeur du Congrès de St. Louis, d'examiner l'œuvre de Mathieu sous l'angle de son dispositif péritextuel (première de couverture, prologue, couverture intérieure). [less ▲]

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See detailIn-tune versus out-of-tune: On the perception of pitch accuracy
Larrouy, Pauline ULg

Speech/Talk (2016)

Detailed reference viewed: 16 (1 ULg)
Peer Reviewed
See detailAccaparement des terres et migrations environnementales
Vigil Diaz Telenti, Sara ULg

in Gemenne, François; Ionesco, Dina; Mokhnacheva, Daria (Eds.) Atlas des Migrations Environnementales (2016)

Detailed reference viewed: 17 (0 ULg)
See detailComment lire les textes informatifs au début du secondaire?
De Croix, Séverine ULg

Conference (2016, March 17)

Pourquoi et comment apprendre à lire les textes informatifs dans les différentes disciplines au début de l'enseignement secondaire ? Pour tenter de répondre à cette double question, l'auteure s'efforce ... [more ▼]

Pourquoi et comment apprendre à lire les textes informatifs dans les différentes disciplines au début de l'enseignement secondaire ? Pour tenter de répondre à cette double question, l'auteure s'efforce tout d'abord d'identifier les spécificités de ces textes et des modes de lecture qu'ils impliquent. Elle propose ensuite quelques repères, fondés sur différents travaux de recherche récents, quant aux pratiques et dispositifs didactiques qui y sont adaptés. [less ▲]

Detailed reference viewed: 31 (2 ULg)
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See detailThe impact of cognitive reserve on recognition memory performance is dependent of the task format in healthy aging
Simon, Jessica ULg; Gilsoul, Jessica ULg; Bastin, Christine ULg

Poster (2016, March 17)

Objective: According to the cognitive reserve hypothesis (Stern, 2009), individuals who have developed a high level of reserve should resist better to the effects of aging than individuals with lower ... [more ▼]

Objective: According to the cognitive reserve hypothesis (Stern, 2009), individuals who have developed a high level of reserve should resist better to the effects of aging than individuals with lower cognitive reserve. In this study, we identified the factors of cognitive reserve that impact most memory performance in aging. Methods: 118 healthy older participants performed one yes/no recognition task and one 3-alternative forced-choice recognition task. For each recognized item, participants provided a Remember/Know/Guess judgment. Furthermore, participants completed a questionnaire assessing different aspects of cognitive reserve (level of education, occupation, physical, social, cultural and intellectual activities). We determined the moderators of cognitive reserve that explain a significant proportion of variance for each memory index through stepwise regression analyzes (p<0.05). Results: In the forced-choice test, the level of education explained positively the use of recollection and negatively the level of false alarms associated with familiarity. In the yes/no recognition task, the precision of recognition was explained positively by the physical activities. Recollection was positively explained by the physical activities and the level of education. Finally, the level of false alarms associated with familiarity was explained negatively by the level of education although the precision of the use of the familiarity is explained positively by physical activities. Conclusion: The more older adults were educated and/or were practicing physical activities, the better their recollection was. The impact of the moderators of the cognitive reserve is dependent on the format of the recognition task. [less ▲]

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See detail“From another angle”: the Australian Reconciliation in Gail Jones’s Sorry and Five Bells
Belleflamme, Valérie-Anne ULg

Conference (2016, March 17)

On 26 May 2000, an estimated 250,000 people – Australian novelist and essayist Gail Jones included – walked across the Sydney Harbour Bridge in support of the Australian Reconciliation process. More ... [more ▼]

On 26 May 2000, an estimated 250,000 people – Australian novelist and essayist Gail Jones included – walked across the Sydney Harbour Bridge in support of the Australian Reconciliation process. More importantly, eight years later, Jones claimed that “in writing [her novel Sorry] [she] rehearsed [her] own concern that the reconciliation process not be forgotten – since it has certainly faded from the political agenda since the bridge walk of 2000[” (2008: 84). This and her claim that “the heartwarming Sorry Books [...] ought seriously to be considered within the genre of the poetics of political dissent, and not as casual or sentimental acts of mere signature” (2008: 164) are indicative of Jones’s writing and of her wish to subvert the stereotypical and ambiguous discursive manifestations of the Australian Reconciliation. By the same token, her novels Sorry (2007) and Five Bells (2011) offer a complex picture of the ethics of reconciliation, namely one that includes “an admission of uncertainty, a calculation of difficulty, and an awareness that justice – and human relations – is rarely written in black and white” (Jones 2008: 86). My paper will thus seek to explore how Jones, by drawing on forms of narrative indirections in both, Sorry and Five Bells, distances herself from white Australian writers who deal with the Stolen Generations in a way that seems to appropriate Aboriginal and Torres Strait Islander peoples’ experiences. Sorry and Five Bells, then, offer an alternative to standard reconciliation practices, with a view to bridging the gap between white Australia’s history and the history of the Aborigines. References: - Jones, Gail. 2008a. Sorry. London: Vintage. - Jones, Gail. 2008b. Speaking shadows: Justice and the poetic. In Just Words?: Australian Authors Writing for Justice, Bernadette Brennan (ed.). St Lucia, Qld.: University of Queensland, 76-86. - Jones, Gail. 2012. Five Bells. London: Vintage. [less ▲]

Detailed reference viewed: 27 (5 ULg)
Peer Reviewed
See detailEnhancing the salience of perceptual fluency improves familiarity-based recognition memory in aging
Bastin, Christine ULg; Willems, Sylvie ULg

Poster (2016, March 17)

Objective. Normal aging is characterized by decreased recollection, but better preserved familiarity. Memory tasks that facilitate the use of familiarity should allow attenuating age-related differences ... [more ▼]

Objective. Normal aging is characterized by decreased recollection, but better preserved familiarity. Memory tasks that facilitate the use of familiarity should allow attenuating age-related differences in memory. The study tested two hypotheses: (1) can the reliance on familiarity during recognition memory be promoted by increasing the difference in perceptual processing fluency between old and new items; (2) can this manipulation reduce age-related difficulties in episodic memory? Methods. Twenty-four young and 24 older adults performed two verbal recognition memory tasks. In the No-Overlap task, target words and new words did not share any letter. Prior exposition to the target words thus induced increased processing fluency of the words and letters, so that fluency difference was a salient and reliable cue to discriminate between old and new words. In the Overlap task, target and new words had letters in common, so fluency cues were less useful. Recollection and familiarity was assessed with the Remember/Know/Guess paradigm. Results. There was an age effect on recollection but intact familiarity. Moreover, (1) memory performance was better in the No Overlap than the Overlap task, with a greater hit rate and a smaller false alarm rate associated with familiarity. (2) Age-related differences in recognition accuracy (hits – false alarms) were significantly attenuated in the No Overlap task compared to the Overlap task. Conclusion. These findings suggest that minimizing the perceptual similarity between targets and distractors, and thus increasing processing fluency differences, allowed to reduce the effect of age on recognition memory performance by facilitating the use of familiarity. [less ▲]

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See detailSimulation : évolution ou révolution ?
Servotte, Jean-Christophe ULg

Conference given outside the academic context (2016)

La communication porte sur l'évolution des environnements liés à la simulation, la réalité des simulateurs patients et à l'évolution pédagogique. De plus, la simulation commence à être sous-tendue par des ... [more ▼]

La communication porte sur l'évolution des environnements liés à la simulation, la réalité des simulateurs patients et à l'évolution pédagogique. De plus, la simulation commence à être sous-tendue par des notions théoriques notamment via le Cadre Conceptuel de la Simulation de Jeffries, les théories liés au débriefing et le développement de l'apprentissage des facteurs humains en simulation médicale. [less ▲]

Detailed reference viewed: 16 (1 ULg)
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See detailDe la prairie à votre verre de lait, sur les traces des isoflavones...
Daems, Frédéric ULg

Scientific conference (2016, March 16)

présentation du sujet de thèse en 3 minutes (Exercice de vulgarisation).

Detailed reference viewed: 123 (5 ULg)
See detailSingle-Molecule Force spectroscopy on synthetic helical Nanoarchitectures
Devaux, Floriane ULg; Li, Xuesong; Huc, Ivan et al

Conference (2016, March 16)

Detailed reference viewed: 1 (1 ULg)
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See detailCharacterization of the impact of tillage and nitrogen fertilization on the root development of a winter wheat crop by use of NIR hyperspectral imaging combined to chemometrics
Fraipont, Guillaume ULg; Eylenbosch, Damien ULg; Fernández Pierna, Juan Antonio et al

Poster (2016, March 16)

The objective of this study is to characterize the impact of tillage management and nitrogen fertilization on the root system development of a winter wheat crop. To reach this objective, an innovative ... [more ▼]

The objective of this study is to characterize the impact of tillage management and nitrogen fertilization on the root system development of a winter wheat crop. To reach this objective, an innovative root quantification method that combines NIR hyperspectral imaging (NIR-HSI) and chemometric tools will be applied. [less ▲]

Detailed reference viewed: 49 (16 ULg)
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See detailChoisir le sexe de son veau. Est-ce possible et comment ?
Hanzen, Christian ULg

Conference given outside the academic context (2016)

Le but de ces deux heures de formation continue pour les vétérinaires est de(1) énoncer les facteurs propres à l’animal et à l’environnement susceptibles d’influencer le sexe ratio, (2) d’en expliquer les ... [more ▼]

Le but de ces deux heures de formation continue pour les vétérinaires est de(1) énoncer les facteurs propres à l’animal et à l’environnement susceptibles d’influencer le sexe ratio, (2) d’en expliquer les mécanismes d’effet et (3) de recommander une utilisation raisonnée du sperme sexé. [less ▲]

Detailed reference viewed: 399 (15 ULg)
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See detailEvaluation results of ECHAM-HAMMOZ
Schultz, Martin; Taraborrelli, Domenico; Franco, Bruno ULg et al

Conference (2016, March 16)

Detailed reference viewed: 28 (4 ULg)
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Peer Reviewed
See detailFrom commensalism to parasitism in Carapidae (Ophidiiformes): heterochronic modes of development?
Parmentier, Eric ULg; Lanterbecq, Déborah; Eeckhaut, Igor

in PeerJ (2016), 4

Detailed reference viewed: 14 (4 ULg)
See detailL’œuvre-exposition. Entre signe artistique, dispositif scénographie et pratique curatoriale
Bawin, Julie ULg

Scientific conference (2016, March 16)

Detailed reference viewed: 13 (5 ULg)
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Peer Reviewed
See detailNursing student’s perception of the educational efficiency between two strategies of education: Problem Based Learning and the High-Fidelity Simulation.
Servotte, Jean-Christophe ULg; Guillaume, Michèle ULg

Conference (2016, March 16)

Introduction: The teaching’s evolution in nursing education has to answer the challenge to stimulate the student’s skills development. According to literature review, it’s necessary to compare High ... [more ▼]

Introduction: The teaching’s evolution in nursing education has to answer the challenge to stimulate the student’s skills development. According to literature review, it’s necessary to compare High-Fidelity Simulation (HFS) with other pedagogical methods. Furthermore, the comparison with Problem Based Learning (PBL) was not studied yet. Methods: Two indicators were evaluated : student satisfaction self-confidence. For this, two validated scales were used : Student Satisfaction Learning Scale and Self-Confidence in Learning Using Simulations Scale. 141 nursing’s students were involved in the study. They were exposed to the two pedagogical methods (PBL and HFS). The experience was organized according a complete cross plan. Results: The results demonstrated a higher level of the student’s confidence and the student’s satisfaction in learning for the HFS compare to PBL. Carry-over effects were study. It was concerning the teaching style (questions 3 and 5) as well as the varieties of educational tools (questions 2 and 4). The perception of the value of the PBL during the second period was systematically lower while the score obtained for the HFS for the two periods remains almost identical. Conclusion: A clear superiority of the HFS compared with the PBL is perceived by the students. This result seems to open new opportunities with the HFS method in the education nursing student. Nevertheless, research must be conducted in order to better understand the value of this new pedagogic approach. [less ▲]

Detailed reference viewed: 21 (1 ULg)
See detailLangue française, littérature et culture francophones en Belgique
Defays, Jean-Marc ULg

Scientific conference (2016, March 16)

Detailed reference viewed: 20 (0 ULg)