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See detailMaîtresses et favorites dans les coulisses du pouvoir. Moyen Âge et Temps modernes
Dor, Juliette ULg; Henneau, Marie-Elisabeth ULg; Marchandisse, Alain ULg

Book published by Publications de l'Université de Saint-Étienne (in press)

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See detailAgriculture et nature : voyage au coeur de la Roumanie
Geboes, Anne-Laure ULg; Sottiaux, Ludovic ULg; Spronck, Christelle et al

Article for general public (in press)

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See detailLectura y traducción en Julio Cortázar
Willson, Patricia ULg

Book published by Iberoamericana/Vervuert (in press)

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See detailMulti-temporal monitoring of a regional riparian buffer network (>12,000 km) with LiDAR and photogrammetric point clouds
Michez, Adrien ULg; Piégay, Hervé; Lejeune, Philippe ULg et al

in Journal of Environmental Management (in press)

Riparian buffers are of major concern for land and water resource managers despite their relatively low spatial coverage. In Europe, this concern has been acknowledged by different environmental ... [more ▼]

Riparian buffers are of major concern for land and water resource managers despite their relatively low spatial coverage. In Europe, this concern has been acknowledged by different environmental directives which recommend multi-scale monitoring (from local to regional scales). Remote sensing methods could be a cost-effective alternative to field-based monitoring, to build replicable “wall-to-wall” monitoring strategies of large river networks and associated riparian buffers. The main goal of our study is to extract and analyze various parameters of the riparian buffers of up to 12,000 km of river in southern Belgium (Wallonia) from three-dimensional (3D) point clouds based on LiDAR and photogrammetric surveys to i) map riparian buffers parameters on different scales, ii) interpret the regional patterns of the riparian buffers and iii) propose new riparian buffer management indicators. We propose different strategies to synthesize and visualize relevant information at different spatial scales ranging from local (<10 km) to regional scale (>12,000 km). Our results showed that the selected parameters had a clear regional pattern. The reaches of Ardenne ecoregion have channels with the highest flow widths and shallowest depths. In contrast, the reaches of the Loam ecoregion have the narrowest and deepest flow channels. Regional variability in channel width and depth is used to locate management units potentially affected by human impact. Riparian forest of the Loam ecoregion is characterized by the lowest longitudinal continuity and mean tree height, underlining significant human disturbance. As the availability of 3D point clouds at the regional scale is constantly growing, our study proposes reproducible methods which can be integrated into regional monitoring by land managers. With LiDAR still being relatively expensive to acquire, the use of photogrammetric point clouds combined with LiDAR data is a cost-effective means to update the characterization of the riparian forest conditions. [less ▲]

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See detailLes funérailles de Charles Quint à Anvers, Augsbourg et en Espagne
Marchandisse, Alain ULg

in Chatenet, Monique; Gaude-Ferragu, Murielle; Sabatier, Gérard (Eds.) Funerals (in press)

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See detailL’image de la femme de pouvoir dans les Croniques de Jean de Wavrin
Marchandisse, Alain ULg

in Devaux, Jean; Marchal, Mathieu; Velissariou, Alexandra (Eds.) L’art du récit à la cour de Bourgogne : l’activité de Jean de Wavrin et de son atelier (in press)

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See detailLes funérailles des ducs de Bourgogne au XVe siècle
Marchandisse, Alain ULg

in Chatenet, Monique; Gaude-Ferragu, Murielle; Sabatier, Gérard (Eds.) Funerals (in press)

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See detailLes testaments de Marie de Bourgogne
Marchandisse, Alain ULg; Schnerb, Bertrand

in Depreter, Michael; Dumont, Jonathan; L'Estrange, Elizabeth (Eds.) et al Marie de Bourgogne. Le règne, la figure et la postérité d’une princesse européenne (in press)

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See detailSignes, symboles et ornementation de l’Hadrianus de Montserrat (P.Monts.Roca III, inv.162 → - 165 ↓)
Berg, Tatiana ULg

in Carlig, Nathan; Motte, Aurore; Sojic, Nathalie (Eds.) et al Signes dans les textes. Continuités et ruptures des pratiques scribales en Égypte pharaonique, gréco-romaine et byzantine (in press)

Texte latin profane, l’Hadrianus appartient au célèbre codex miscellaneus en papyrus de Montserrat, dont il représente la sixième partie, la dernière à avoir fait l’objet d’une édition. Daté ... [more ▼]

Texte latin profane, l’Hadrianus appartient au célèbre codex miscellaneus en papyrus de Montserrat, dont il représente la sixième partie, la dernière à avoir fait l’objet d’une édition. Daté paléographiquement de la seconde moitié du IVe siècle, ce dernier présente la particularité de contenir des textes à la fois grecs et latins, profanes et chrétiens, tous écrits par la même main. Après avoir décrit et analysé les signes, symboles et ornementation attestés dans l’Hadrianus, on les comparera avec ceux que l’on trouve dans le reste du codex de Montserrat, ainsi que dans d’autres papyrus datés de la même époque. [less ▲]

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See detailThe Antitrust and Intellectual Property Intersection in European Union Law
Petit, Nicolas ULg

in Blair, Roger; Sokol, Danie (Eds.) Roger D. Blair & D. Daniel Sokol (in press)

In European legal scholarship, many articles discuss the equilibrium reached in the case-law of the Court of Justice of the European Union (“CJEU”) when the EU antitrust prohibitions apply to, and ... [more ▼]

In European legal scholarship, many articles discuss the equilibrium reached in the case-law of the Court of Justice of the European Union (“CJEU”) when the EU antitrust prohibitions apply to, and restrain, the free and ordinary use of intellectual property rights (“IPRs”). We call this the antitrust-IP intersection. The most interesting feature of this literature is perhaps the common assumption that a unifying substantive perspective, vision or theory on IPR underpins the intersection point reached by the antitrust case-law. Whilst the theory of “absolutism” can be quickly disposed of, several other theories like inherency, exceptionalism or complementarity have been described as the lynchpin of the antitrust-IP intersection. Our paper offers a different reading of the case-law. It submits that the antitrust-IP intersection does not rest on any unitary theory which, in turn, bespeaks the Court’s vision of the social function of IPRs. Instead, the main feature of the CJEU case-law is that a specific methodology is applied to antitrust cases with IPR ramifications. The CJEU deals with most of such cases under a rule-based approach, instead of a standard-based approach. By rule-based approach, we refer to the ex ante setting of structured tests of liability, by opposition to ex post case-by-case resolution on grounds of a pre-determined, general standard (e.g., reasonableness, competition on the merits, efficiency, fairness, equity, etc.). As will be seen below, this approach has many virtues, not least in terms of legal certainty. But it also has a major qualification. Whilst the Court has consistently formulated rules of liability and justifiability at the antitrust and IP intersection, it has at the same time often embedded abstract standards within those rules. The implications of this mixed approach are unclear. [less ▲]

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See detailRethinking the ‘Case mémorable’ from Pierre Sterckx to Olivier Josso Hamel
Crucifix, Benoît ULg

in European Comic Art (in press), 10(2),

Going back to the origins of the ‘case mémorable’ in the pages of Les Cahiers de la bande dessinée, this article revisits the debates between Pierre Sterckx and Benoît Peeters, articulated around a ... [more ▼]

Going back to the origins of the ‘case mémorable’ in the pages of Les Cahiers de la bande dessinée, this article revisits the debates between Pierre Sterckx and Benoît Peeters, articulated around a conceptual tension between linear and tabular, about the relationship between single panels and narrative. It proposes that the ‘remembered panel’ pinpoints important issues about the recirculation of single images, isolated from their contexts, and the discourse of memory that becomes associated with it. A close-reading of Olivier Josso Hamel’s Au travail, in which the cartoonist redraws his own set of remembered panels, further calls for a reconsideration of Sterckx’s concept in the light of a creative practice that intimately engages with the memory of such panels in a complex relationship to their original narratives. [less ▲]

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See detailInvestigation on Water Productivity of Winter Wheat Based on MODIS and SEBAL in the Huang-Huai-Hai Plain, China
Yang, Jian-ying; HUO, Zhi-guo; Wu, Ding-rong et al

in Chinese Journal of Agrometeorology (in press)

Understanding how the productivity of water can be increased is widely accepted to be a high priority where water resources are currently scarce and/or over-exploited in China. As the primary data source ... [more ▼]

Understanding how the productivity of water can be increased is widely accepted to be a high priority where water resources are currently scarce and/or over-exploited in China. As the primary data source, MODIS remote sensing, statistics, meteorological data, crop growth period data and ground truth-data from Jan. 2011 to Dec. 2012 were used in actual evapotranspiration estimation, yields rasterizing, and water productivity calculation for winter wheat in the Huang-Huai-Hai Plain (3H Plain). The statistical data were synthesized to calculate district-state-level land productivity, which is then further extrapolated to pixel-level values using a MODIS NDVI image, based on a crop dominance map. Spatial variation of crop water productivity was investigated in order to reveal the key factors of crop water productivity. In addition, the relationship between water productivity and actual evapotranspiration and in subsequence yield for winter wheat was discussed in 3H Plain. The main results indicated that the SEBAL is suitable for estimating evapotranspiration in winter wheat based on the comparation between evapotranspiration measured by Yucheng (in Shandong province). The regional average value of water productivity for winter wheat was detected to be 1.21kg·m-3, with the higher value in Beijing, Tianjin, north part of Shandong province and south part of Hebei province. The pronounced relationship of spatial correlation of the yield and water productivity for winter wheat indicated that the increasing yield governed the increment of water productivity for winter wheat in the coastal land-farming-fishing area (zone1), low plain-hydropenia irrigable land and dry land zone (zone2) and basin- irrigable land and dry land (zone5). The increasing water productivity for winter wheat was recognized to be controlled by rather the increment of yield than the reduction of actual evapotranspiration for winter wheat in the piedmont plain-irrigable land (zone2). Whereas, the pronounced relationship of negative correlation of water productivity and actual evapotranspiration for winter wheat described that only the reduction of actual evapotranspiration was responsible for the increment of water productivity for winter wheat in hill-wet hot paddy-paddy field (zone6). The results is expected to provide a basis information for agricultural water management, improvement of crop water productivity and choice of adaptive mechanism under climate change in Huang-Huai-Hai plain. [less ▲]

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See detailTargeting of C-type lectin-like receptor 2 or P2Y12 for the prevention of platelet activation by immunotherapeutic CpG oligodeoxynucleotides
Delierneux, Céline ULg; Donis, Nathalie ULg; servais, laurence et al

in Journal of Thrombosis and Haemostasis (in press)

Background: Synthetic phosphorothioate-modified CpG oligodeoxynucleotides (CpG ODNs) display potent immunostimulatory properties that are widely exploited in clinical trials of anticancer treatment ... [more ▼]

Background: Synthetic phosphorothioate-modified CpG oligodeoxynucleotides (CpG ODNs) display potent immunostimulatory properties that are widely exploited in clinical trials of anticancer treatment. Unexpectedly, a recent study indicates that CpG ODNs activate human platelets via the immunoreceptor tyrosine-based activation motif (ITAM)-coupled receptor glycoprotein VI. Objective: To further analyze the mechanisms of CpG ODN-induced platelet activation and identify potential inhibitory strategies. Methods: In vitro analyses were performed on human and mouse platelets, and on cell lines expressing platelet ITAM receptors. CpG ODN platelet activating effects were evaluated in a mouse model of thrombosis. Results: We demonstrated platelet uptake of CpG ODNs, resulting in platelet activation and aggregation. The C-type lectin-like receptor 2 (CLEC-2) expressed in DT40 cells bound CpG ODNs. CpG ODN uptake did not occur in CLEC-2-deficient mouse platelets. Inhibition of human CLEC-2 with a blocking antibody inhibited CpG ODN-induced platelet aggregation. CpG ODNs caused CLEC-2 dimerization, and provoked its internalization. They induced dense granule release before the onset of aggregation. Accordingly, pretreating platelets with apyrase, or inhibiting P2Y12 with cangrelor or clopidogrel prevented CpG ODN platelet activating effect. In vivo, intravenously injected CpG ODN interacted with platelets adhered to mouse injured endothelium, and promoted thrombus growth, which was inhibited by CLEC-2 deficiency or by clopidogrel. Conclusions: CLEC-2 and P2Y12 are required for CpG ODN-induced platelet activation and thrombosis and might be targeted to prevent adverse events in patients at risk. [less ▲]

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See detailInclusion of Down Syndrome in Architectural Design: Towards a Methodology
Schelings, Clémentine ULg; Elsen, Catherine ULg

in Proceedings of the second international conference on Universal Accessibility in the Internet of Things and Smart Environments (in press)

This paper develops an in-situ methodology to help architects insure better inclusion of people with Down syndrome all along preliminary phases of the architectural design process, and eventually to the ... [more ▼]

This paper develops an in-situ methodology to help architects insure better inclusion of people with Down syndrome all along preliminary phases of the architectural design process, and eventually to the designed space. This methodology first offers architects some design keys in regard of how people with Down syndrome interact with two types of spaces: their personal dwellings and some completely unknown spaces. The methodology then unfolds towards more pro-active inclusion of the participants thanks to playful expression of their feelings and perceptions. This paper discusses how this methodology relates to inclusive and universal design principles as well as prevalent models of disability in architecture. [less ▲]

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See detailLa labile frontiera tra pubblico e privato negli scritti di Francesco Guicciardini: il caso delle lettere e dei discorsi politici del 1525
Miesse, Hélène ULg

in Girotto, Carlo; Lucas-Fiorato, Corinne (Eds.) L'écriture épistolaire entre Renaissance et Âge baroque. Pratiques, enjeux, pistes de recherche (in press)

Nell'anno 1525, in particolare negli ultimi mesi della sua presidenza in Romagna, Francesco Guicciardini si dedica ad un’intensa attività epistolare, nonché alla redazione di alcuni discorsi politici ... [more ▼]

Nell'anno 1525, in particolare negli ultimi mesi della sua presidenza in Romagna, Francesco Guicciardini si dedica ad un’intensa attività epistolare, nonché alla redazione di alcuni discorsi politici. Tali testi presentano, tanto sul piano della forma quanto su quello dei contenuti, similitudini salienti. È tuttavia da escludere che i discorsi fossero destinati dall’autore ad una qualunque circolazione; piuttosto, essi servirono allo storico per riflettere e “fermare il punto” su situazione particolarmente difficile, nella quale doveva dimenarsi come presidente di un’importante regione e in preparazione degli eventi bellici che avrebbero fatto seguito di lì a poco. Le lettere corrispondenti a questo periodo sono invece i documenti che hanno realmente circolato e che potremmo perciò definire «pubblici». Proprio il riscontro di questi due generi di scritture diverse, praticate in uno stesso torno d’anni, e centrate sulle stesse problematiche, permette di mostrare, attraverso l’analisi di un caso specifico, che la tradizionale distinzione tra pubblico e privato è inoperante per descrivere i testi di Francesco Guicciardini e che, ad ogni modo, le categorie attuali non sono applicabili senza discrimine ad un’epoca ricca e complessa come quella della prima Modernità. [less ▲]

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See detail"'Vive la rose' in Newfoundland: from Alien to Emblem'
Peere, Isabelle ULg

in B.A.S.I.S International Ballad Studies (in press)

This paper traces the song in European tradition through to its ‘revival’ in the 1960s. It analyses Emile’ Benoît's textual and musical recreation of it in the light of my own and other fieldworkers’ ... [more ▼]

This paper traces the song in European tradition through to its ‘revival’ in the 1960s. It analyses Emile’ Benoît's textual and musical recreation of it in the light of my own and other fieldworkers’ accounts of his personality, ethos and creative talent in tradition. The study traces the song's course and progress in Newfoundland, following in the steps of French-Canadian ethno-historian Ronald Labelle’s suggestion that ‘Vive la Rose’ has come to function as identity emblem for Newfoundland’s francophone minority – and even as its representative throughout French-Canada and especially Acadia. [less ▲]

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See detailInnovative polyelectrolytes/poly(ionic liquid)s for energy and environment
Ajjan, Fátima N.; Ambrogi, Martina; Tiruye, Girum Ayalneh et al

in Polymer International (in press)

This manuscript presents the work carried out within the European Project RENAISSANCE-ITN, which was dedicated to the development of innovative polyelectrolytes for energy and environmental applications ... [more ▼]

This manuscript presents the work carried out within the European Project RENAISSANCE-ITN, which was dedicated to the development of innovative polyelectrolytes for energy and environmental applications. Within the project different types of innovative polyelectrolytes were synthesized such as poly(ionic liquid)s coming from renewable or natural ions, thiazolium cations, cathechol functionalities or from a new generation of cheap deep-eutectic monomers. Further, macromolecular architectures such as new poly(ionic liquid) block copolymers and new (semi)conducting polymer/polyelectrolyte complexes were also developed. As the final goal, the application of these innovative polymers in energy and environment was investigated. Important advances in energy storage technologies included the development of new carbonaceous materials, new lignin/conducting polymer biopolymer electrodes, new iongels and single-ion conducting polymer electrolytes for supercapacitors and batteries and new poly(ionic liquid) binders for batteries. On the other hand, the use of the innovative polyelectrolytes into sustainable environmental technologies led to the development of new liquid and dry water, new materials for water cleaning technologies such as floculants, oil absorbers, new recyclable organocatalysts platform and multifunctional polymer coatings with antifouling and antimicrobial properties. All in all this article demonstrates the potential of the poly(ionic liquid)s for high-value applications in Energy & Enviromental areas. [less ▲]

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See detailMapping Soil Organic Carbon stocks and estimating uncertainties at the regional scale following a legacy sampling strategy (Southern Belgium, Wallonia)
Chartin, Caroline; Stevens, Antoine; Goidts, Esther et al

in Geoderma Regional (in press)

The quantification and the spatialisation of reliable SOC stocks (Mg C ha− 1) and total stock (Tg C) baselines and associated uncertainties are fundamental to detect the gains or losses in SOC, and to ... [more ▼]

The quantification and the spatialisation of reliable SOC stocks (Mg C ha− 1) and total stock (Tg C) baselines and associated uncertainties are fundamental to detect the gains or losses in SOC, and to locate sensitive areas with low SOC levels. Here, we aim to both quantify and spatialize SOC stocks at regional scale (southern Belgium) based on data from one non-design-based or model-based sampling scheme. To this end, we developed a computation procedure based on Digital Soil Mapping techniques and stochastic simulations (Monte-Carlo) allowing the estimation of multiple (here, 10,000) independent spatialized datasets. The computation of the prediction uncertainty accounts for the errors associated to both the estimations of i) SOC stocks and ii) parameters of the spatial model. Based on these 10,000 individuals, median SOC stocks and 90% prediction intervals were computed for each pixel, as well as total SOC stocks and their 90% prediction intervals for selected sub-areas and for the entire study area. Hence, a Generalised Additive Model (GAM) explaining 69.3% of the SOC stock variance was calibrated and then validated (R2 = 0.64). The model overestimated low SOC stock (below 50 Mg C ha− 1) and underestimated high SOC stock (especially those above 100 Mg C kg− 1). A positive gradient of SOC stock occurred from the northwest to the center of Wallonia with a slight decrease on the southernmost part, correlating to the evolution of precipitation and temperature (along with elevation) and dominant land use. At the catchment scale higher SOC stocks were predicted on valley bottoms, especially for poorly drained soils under grassland. Mean predicted SOC stocks for cropland and grassland in Wallonia were of 26.58 Tg C (SD 1.52) and 43.30 Tg C (2.93), respectively. The procedure developed here allowed to predict realistic spatial patterns of SOC stocks all over agricultural lands of southern Belgium and to produce reliable statistics of total SOC stocks for each of the 20 combinations of land use/agricultural regions of Wallonia. This procedure appears useful to produce soil maps as policy tools in conducting sustainable management at regional and national scales, and to compute statistics which comply with specific requirements of reporting activities. [less ▲]

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See detailLaBGen: A method based on motion detection for generating the background of a scene
Laugraud, Benjamin ULg; Pierard, Sébastien ULg; Van Droogenbroeck, Marc ULg

in Pattern Recognition Letters (in press)

Given a video sequence acquired with a fixed camera, the generation of the stationary background of the scene is a challenging problem which aims at computing a reference image for a motionless background ... [more ▼]

Given a video sequence acquired with a fixed camera, the generation of the stationary background of the scene is a challenging problem which aims at computing a reference image for a motionless background. For that purpose, we developed our method named LaBGen, which emerged as the best one during the Scene Background Modeling and Initialization (SBMI) workshop organized in 2015, and the IEEE Scene Background Modeling Contest (SBMC) organized in 2016. LaBGen combines a pixel-wise temporal median filter and a patch selection mechanism based on motion detection. To detect motion, a background subtraction algorithm decides, for each frame, which pixels belong to the background. In this paper, we describe the LaBGen method extensively, evaluate it on the SBI 2016 dataset and compare its performance with other background generation methods. We also study its computational complexity, the performance sensitivity with respect to its parameters, and the stability of the predicted background image over time with respect to the chosen background subtraction algorithm. We provide an open source C++ implementation at http://www.telecom.ulg.ac.be/labgen. [less ▲]

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