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See detailInvestigations around an unrecognized genre: case study on speech captions in private tombs
Motte, Aurore ULg

Conference (2016, May 05)

Since the Old Kingdom, speech captions, generally known as “Reden und Rufe”, are found in the decorative program of private tombs. These captions are dialogs between workers in the “daily life” scenes ... [more ▼]

Since the Old Kingdom, speech captions, generally known as “Reden und Rufe”, are found in the decorative program of private tombs. These captions are dialogs between workers in the “daily life” scenes. They appear in several topics, such as fishing, butchery, crafts, ... Quite surprisingly, they have never been studied exhaustively since their first mention in 1918 in Egyptological literature. My first goal is twofold: to show precisely where and when they are found, and what exactly defines “Reden und Rufe” as a genre. Besides, a chronological scope of nearly 2,300 years allows me to highlight diachronic, diatopic, and diastratic variations. It is particularly evident in New Kingdom and Late Period tombs, where “Égyptien de Tradition” features are found next to “vernacular” ones. It has long been taken for granted, incorrectly, that these speeches were written in an idiom very close to colloquial. This first comprehensive study aims to determine which state(s) of language is/are used. [less ▲]

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See detailGender, Jobs and Empowerment in Vietnamese Small Enterprises of Traditional Handicraft: Case Study in the Periphery of Hanoi
Nguyen, Thi Thu Hien ULg; Lebailly, Philippe

in The 2nd World Conference on Women’s Studies WCWS - 2016, 5th – 6th May, 2016 Colombo, Sri Lanka (2016, May 05)

Women are the main workforce of traditional craft sector in Vietnam. They not only actively participate in production, but also succeed in leading enterprises as managers. Even though women contribute ... [more ▼]

Women are the main workforce of traditional craft sector in Vietnam. They not only actively participate in production, but also succeed in leading enterprises as managers. Even though women contribute much to the achievement of companies, they face many constraints in working places due to theories of Confucianism and Buddhism. This research aims at answering two questions: (i) whether or not gender inequality exists in small scale craft enterprises and, (ii) how is empowerment the women employees in the firms. Both qualitative and quantitative methodologies are applied to collect information in order to clarify the research questions. Qualitatively, ethnographic approach is employed. It is explained that since 2014 the researchers go to the study areas to survey employment in the enterprises. In addition, participatory observation and oral history recording were also used to collect information (evidence) of gender inequality in employment and women empowerment in rural companies. Cross checking and supplementing were used for gathering information from communal leaders, women unions’ leaders and local residents. Quantitatively, descriptive statistics were used to analysis labor force, gender and employment of 50 enterprises in 3 traditional artisanal communes in Vietnam to find out gender inequality. Based on the result of analysis, some policy implications will be recommended to empower women as well as to reduce gender inequality in the small enterprises in rural areas [less ▲]

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See detailUne phénoménologie clinique du Rorschach : des masques et un malentendu
Englebert, Jérôme ULg

Conference (2016, May 04)

Afin d’évoquer la dimension phénoménologique intrinsèque du test de Rorschach, je propose de partir de l’ouvrage magistrale de Roland Kuhn Phénoménologie du masque à travers le test de Rorschach (1957) et ... [more ▼]

Afin d’évoquer la dimension phénoménologique intrinsèque du test de Rorschach, je propose de partir de l’ouvrage magistrale de Roland Kuhn Phénoménologie du masque à travers le test de Rorschach (1957) et des commentaires livrés à son propos par Gaston Bachelard et Jean Starobinski. Ce premier temps me permettra de « démasquer » une épistémologie, œuvrant en sourdine tant dans le test que dans la phénoménologie, celle des visages. Passant ensuite par Foucault – à travers son énigmatique attrait pour le test de Rorschach et sa fascination, toute son œuvre durant, pour les masques – j’interrogerai les notions d’autoréflexion (Foucault, 1966) et d’hyper-réflexivité (Sass, 1994) telles qu’elles se manifestent dans la clinique du patient schizophrène. Le second temps de mon exposé s’intéressera dès lors aux étranges réponses fournies par ces patients au test des taches d’encre lorsqu’ils expriment précisément : « ce ne sont que des taches ». Cette proposition, qui se révèle plus exacte qu’il n’y parait, révèle le malentendu visuel sur lequel repose le Psychodiagnostik de Rorschach. L’observation de ce malentendu nous permettra de conclure que le sujet, lorsqu’il est en « situation Rorschach », doit accepter implicitement le jeu paradoxal consistant à fournir une « fausse perception » et à tolérer un certain degré de violation de la réalité. [less ▲]

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See detailCritique des critiques. La crise de la légitimité des journalistes spécialisés en cinéma.
Krywicki, Boris ULg

Conference (2016, May 04)

Bien avant l'avènement d'internet, les critiques cinéma se questionnaient déjà sur la légitimité de leurs jugements. Une table ronde, appelée "Point Critique", s'est interrogée sur leur rôle, la ... [more ▼]

Bien avant l'avènement d'internet, les critiques cinéma se questionnaient déjà sur la légitimité de leurs jugements. Une table ronde, appelée "Point Critique", s'est interrogée sur leur rôle, la pertinence de leur position d'intermédiaire entre distributeurs et spectateurs. A l'ère du numérique, cette crise semble d'autant plus prégnante. Plusieurs circuits fermés de l'évaluation se sont développés sur le web. Les amateurs échangent leurs propres avis en leur sein, affranchis des interventions des critiques professionnelles. Comment la critique de la presse traditionnelle - qui cherche à convaincre le plus de public possible - gère-t-elle cette crise de la légitimité de ses auteurs ? [less ▲]

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See detailFrontières sociales et culturelles dans l’imaginaire du Front national
Debras, François ULg

Conference (2016, May 04)

En luttant contre les bureaucrates et les technocrates de Bruxelles, contre la caste politique nationale, contre la société multiculturelle et l’islamisation de la société, le Front national se présente ... [more ▼]

En luttant contre les bureaucrates et les technocrates de Bruxelles, contre la caste politique nationale, contre la société multiculturelle et l’islamisation de la société, le Front national se présente comme le véritable représentant du peuple français, de ses intérêts mais également de ses valeurs, de ses habitudes et traditions. Dans son « Projet pour la France et les Français », Marine Le Pen souhaite rompre avec le système en place en proposant une alternance démocratique en (re)donnant le pouvoir de décision et d’action au peuple. Aussi, nous nous posons la question suivante : à quel imaginaire renvoie la notion de peuple au sein de la rhétorique frontiste ? Dans quels contextes le peuple est-il invoqué et à quelle réalité fait-il référence ? Quelles sont ses caractéristiques et quels sont ses « ennemis » ? [less ▲]

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See detailConclusions du séminaire
Francois, Jeromine ULg; Regibeau, Julien ULg

Conference (2016, May 04)

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See detailSteel hollow columns with an internal profile filled with self-compacting concrete under fire conditions
Chu, Thi Binh; Gernay, Thomas ULg; Dotreppe, Jean-Claude ULg et al

in Proceeding of the Romanian Academy. Series A, Mathematics, Physics, Technical Sciences, Information Science (2016), 17(2), 152-159

A detailed experimental and numerical investigation has been performed on the behavior under fire conditions of concrete filled steel hollow section (CFSHS) columns. In this study the internal ... [more ▼]

A detailed experimental and numerical investigation has been performed on the behavior under fire conditions of concrete filled steel hollow section (CFSHS) columns. In this study the internal reinforcement consists of another profile (tube or H section) being embedded with the concrete, and filling is realized by self-compacting concrete (SCC). Ten columns filled with self-compacting concrete embedding another steel profile have been tested in the Fire Testing Laboratory of the University of Liege, Belgium. Numerical simulations on the thermal and structural behavior of these elements have been made using the non linear finite element software SAFIR developed at the University of Liege. There is a rather good agreement between numerical and experimental results, which can be slightly improved by using the ETC (Explicit Transient Creep) model incorporated in SAFIR. This shows that numerical analyses can predict well the behavior of CFSHS columns under fire conditions. The properties at high temperatures of self-compacting concrete are considered the same as those of ordinary concrete. [less ▲]

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See detailMechanisms involved in pearlfish resistance to holothuroid toxins
Brasseur, Lola; Parmentier, Eric ULg; Caulier, Guillaume et al

in Marine Biology (2016), 163(129), 1-14

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See detailAssessing heat tracing experiment data sets for direct forecast of temperature evolution in subsurface models: an example of well and geophysical monitoring data
Hermans, Thomas ULg; Oware, Erasmus; Klepikova, Maria et al

Scientific conference (2016, May 04)

Hydrogeological inverse modeling is used for integrating data and calibrating subsurface model parameters. On one hand, deterministic approaches are relatively fast but fail to catch the uncertainty ... [more ▼]

Hydrogeological inverse modeling is used for integrating data and calibrating subsurface model parameters. On one hand, deterministic approaches are relatively fast but fail to catch the uncertainty related to the spatial distribution of model parameters. On the other hand, stochastic inverse modeling is time-consuming and sampling the full high-dimensional parameter space is generally impossible. Even then, the end result is not the inverted model itself, but the forecast built from such models. In this study, we investigate a prediction-focused approach (PFA) in order to derive a direct statistical relationship between data and forecast without explicitly calibrating any models to the data. To derive this relationship, we first sample a limited number of models from the prior distribution using geostatistical methods. For each model, we then apply two forward simulations: the first corresponds to the forward model of the data (past), the second corresponds to the forward model of the forecast (future). The relationship between observed data and forecast is generally highly non-linear, depending on the complexity of the prior distribution and the differences in the two forward operators. In order to derive a useful relationship, we first reduce the dimension of the data and the forecast through principal component analysis (PCA) related techniques in order to keep the most informative part of both sets. Then, we apply canonical correlation analysis (CCA) to establish a linear relationship between data and forecast in the reduced space components. If such a relationship exists, it is possible to directly sample the posterior distribution of the forecast with a multi-Gaussian framework. In this study, we apply this methodology to forecast the evolution with time of the distribution of temperature in a control panel in an alluvial aquifer. We simulate a heat tracing experiment monitored with both well logging probes and electrical resistivity tomography. We show (1) that the proposed method can be used to quantify the uncertainty on the forecast both spatially and temporally and (2) that spatially-distributed data acquired through geophysical methods help to significantly reduce the uncertainty of the posterior. [less ▲]

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See detailEchographie nerveuse
Kaux, Jean-François ULg

Conference (2016, May 03)

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See detail"La réunion à la France": histoire et actualité
Lanneau, Catherine ULg

Conference given outside the academic context (2016)

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See detailFirst principles study of heavily doped full Heusler Fe2YZ for high thermoelectric power factor
Lemal, Sébastien ULg; Ghosez, Philippe ULg; Bilc, Daniel ULg

Poster (2016, May 02)

Using a combination of first-principles calculations based on density functional theory and Boltzmann semi-classical transport theory, we investigate the properties of heavily $n$-type doped full Heusler ... [more ▼]

Using a combination of first-principles calculations based on density functional theory and Boltzmann semi-classical transport theory, we investigate the properties of heavily $n$-type doped full Heusler Fe2YZ1-xAx compounds. Using a supercell approach and including explicitly the dopant impurities, we recover in some cases giant thermoelectric power factors as previously predicted under doping within the rigid band approximations [Phys. Rev. Lett. 114, 136601 (2015)]. In other cases, however, we highlight that the system evolves toward a ferromagnetic half-metallic ground state so that the power factor is strongly modified. We rationalize the appearance of this magnetic instability, showing that it consistent with the Stoner model. The uncovered properties of the heavily doped phases of the studied Fe2YZ1-xAx compounds appear promising for Seebeck and spin-Seebeck applications. [less ▲]

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See detailChangements climatiques : les impacts des ruminants et quels leviers d'action
Beckers, Yves ULg

Scientific conference (2016, May 02)

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See detailCrystallization behavior of neutralized and bleached shea butter under dynamic conditions
Gibon, V.; Dijckmans, P.; Blecker, Christophe ULg et al

Poster (2016, May 01)

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See detailChapter 2 - Fish Sound Production: Insights
Parmentier, Eric ULg; Fine, Michael

in Suthers, Roderick; Fitch, Temcuseh; Fay, Richard (Eds.) et al Vertebrate Sound Production and Acoustic Communication (2016)

In addition to briefly reviewing sound-producing mechanisms, this chapter focuses on an under-appreciated evolutionary process, exaptation, which could aid in understanding the independent origins and ... [more ▼]

In addition to briefly reviewing sound-producing mechanisms, this chapter focuses on an under-appreciated evolutionary process, exaptation, which could aid in understanding the independent origins and high diversity of sound-producing mechanisms in fishes. Existing anatomical structures first used in non-voluntary sound production provide advantages that result in further selection and refinement of sophisticated sonic organs. Moreover, comparisons of the relationships between fish size and spectral features in multiple not phylogenetically related species highlight two acoustic patterns. In species using superfast muscles, the slope of the relationship between fish size and sound frequency is weak (1°–5°) so that emitter size is unlikely inferred from call frequency. In other species that stridulate or use bones or tendons to stimulate the swimbladder, the high slopes (25°–80°) indicate major differences in the call frequencies within a species. These signals likely convey important information (size and potential fitness of the emitter) to conspecific receivers. [less ▲]

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See detailTemperate Earth-sized planets transiting a nearby ultracool dwarf star
Gillon, Michaël ULg; Jehin, Emmanuel ULg; Lederer, Susan M. et al

in Nature (2016), 533

Star-like objects with effective temperatures of less than 2,700 kelvin are referred to as ‘ultracool dwarfs’. This heterogeneous group includes stars of extremely low mass as well as brown dwarfs ... [more ▼]

Star-like objects with effective temperatures of less than 2,700 kelvin are referred to as ‘ultracool dwarfs’. This heterogeneous group includes stars of extremely low mass as well as brown dwarfs (substellar objects not massive enough to sustain hydrogen fusion), and represents about 15 per cent of the population of astronomical objects near the Sun. Core-accretion theory predicts that, given the small masses of these ultracool dwarfs, and the small sizes of their protoplanetary disks, there should be a large but hitherto undetected population of terrestrial planets orbiting them—ranging from metal-rich Mercury-sized planets to more hospitable volatile-rich Earth-sized planets. Here we report observations of three short-period Earth-sized planets transiting an ultracool dwarf star only 12 parsecs away. The inner two planets receive four times and two times the irradiation of Earth, respectively, placing them close to the inner edge of the habitable zone of the star. Our data suggest that 11 orbits remain possible for the third planet, the most likely resulting in irradiation significantly less than that received by Earth. The infrared brightness of the host star, combined with its Jupiter-like size, offers the possibility of thoroughly characterizing the components of this nearby planetary system. [less ▲]

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