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See detailQuelle place pour l'usager dans la stratégie globale de l'entreprise ?
Elsen, Catherine ULg

Conference given outside the academic context (2017)

L'intervention aborde les différentes approches centrées usagers possibles et leur mise en oeuvre en contexte entrepreneurial. La présentation fait particulièrement état de la posture et méthodologie du ... [more ▼]

L'intervention aborde les différentes approches centrées usagers possibles et leur mise en oeuvre en contexte entrepreneurial. La présentation fait particulièrement état de la posture et méthodologie du Design Thinking et en présente les principaux aspects. [less ▲]

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See detailGovernance of plant health and management of crop diversity - the case of common bean health management among members of the association Croqueurs de Carottes
Klaedtke, Stephanie ULg

Doctoral thesis (2017)

All over the globe, networks of seed growers are cultivating crop diversity in fields and gardens. Their contribution to the maintenance of this diversity has been studied, but research has widely left ... [more ▼]

All over the globe, networks of seed growers are cultivating crop diversity in fields and gardens. Their contribution to the maintenance of this diversity has been studied, but research has widely left aside their management of plant health. The governance of bean health practiced by an association of artisanal seed companies, Croqueurs de Carottes, is approached as a case study in the objective of specifying how management of crop diversity and governance of plant health are articulated. Their concern for the governance of bean health is elucidated from an agroecological perspective, taking an interdisciplinary and transformative approach. Actor-network theory constitutes the backbone of the thesis, situated between agronomy and sociology and drawing upon a threefold research device: on-farm experiments, semi-directive interviews and participant observation. The Croqueurs' approach to bean health is described as in situ approach, in which plant populations are considered healthy if they are able to live with potential plant pathogens and adapt to their growing environments. Relying on ecological interactions, competences of plant health management are distributed throughout the production system. Both for plant health and crop diversity management, a seed lot is determined by a complex system of interactions. A clear boundary distinguishing plant populations from their growing environment cannot be drawn. This implies (i) that plant health must be judged upon in situ in the plants' growing environment and (ii) that the governance of plant health must be considered at the collective scale. [less ▲]

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See detail"À propos d'une tentative de réparation symbolique envers les morts, à l'usage des vivants." Retour sur Rwanda. À travers nous l'humanité
Jousten, Lison ULg

Scientific conference (2017, March 27)

L’intervention revient sur Rwanda. À travers nous l’humanité (2006), un documentaire de Marie-France Collard inscrit dans le prolongement du spectacle Rwanda 94 (2000), auquel elle avait collaboré en tant ... [more ▼]

L’intervention revient sur Rwanda. À travers nous l’humanité (2006), un documentaire de Marie-France Collard inscrit dans le prolongement du spectacle Rwanda 94 (2000), auquel elle avait collaboré en tant qu’auteur et vidéaste. Son documentaire s’intéresse à la réception du spectacle par le public rwandais et dépeint un pays en crise, dix ans après le génocide. Entre Rwanda 94 et Rwanda. À travers nous l’humanité s’opère une série de glissements, de prolongements et d’empreintes. [less ▲]

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See detailFrom Loose to Boxed Fragments and Back Again. Seriality and Archive in Chris Ware's ‘Building Stories’
Crucifix, Benoît ULg

in Journal of Graphic Novels and Comics (2017)

This article focuses on the dynamics of seriality, archive and collection in Chris Ware's graphic novel “Building Stories”. It argues that the dispersed serialization of “Building Stories” is key to ... [more ▼]

This article focuses on the dynamics of seriality, archive and collection in Chris Ware's graphic novel “Building Stories”. It argues that the dispersed serialization of “Building Stories” is key to understand its box-of- comics format as well as its fragmented narrative structure. In a self-reflexive homage to the material history of comics, Ware's graphic novel indeed appears as an archive of its own serialization, foregrounding a process of collecting/dispersing fragments. [less ▲]

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See detailXenogeneic graft-versus-host disease : Impact of Th17 cells
Delens, Loïc ULg; SERVAIS, Sophie ULg; Vrancken, Louise ULg et al

Poster (2017, March 27)

Detailed reference viewed: 20 (3 ULg)
See detailLa Lumière ne sert pas qu’à voir ! Effet non-visuel de la lumière chez des personnes voyantes et non voyantes
Vandewalle, Gilles ULg

Conference given outside the academic context (2017)

Detailed reference viewed: 30 (1 ULg)
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See detailA Markov Chain Monte Carlo Cellular Automata Model to Simulate Urban Growth
El Saeid Mustafa, Ahmed Mohamed ULg; Nishida, Gen; Saadi, Ismaïl ULg et al

in GEOProcessing 2017 proceedings, The Ninth International Conference on Advanced Geographic Information Systems, Applications, and Services (2017, March 25)

This paper investigates the potential of a cellular automata (CA) model based on logistic regression (logit) and Markov Chain Monte Carlo (MCMC) to simulate the dynamics of urban growth. The model ... [more ▼]

This paper investigates the potential of a cellular automata (CA) model based on logistic regression (logit) and Markov Chain Monte Carlo (MCMC) to simulate the dynamics of urban growth. The model assesses urbanization likelihood based on (i) a set of urban development driving forces (calibrated based on logit) and (ii) the land-use of neighboring cells (calibrated based on MCMC). An innovative feature of this CA model is the incorporation of MCMC to automatically calibrate the CA neighborhood transition rules. The MCMC based CA model is applied to Wallonia region (Belgium) to simulate urban growth from 1990 to 2000 using Corine Land Cover data (CLC). The outcome of logit model is evaluated by the relative operating characteristic (ROC). The simulated map of 2000 is then validated against 2000 actual map based on cell-to-cell location agreement. The model outcomes are realistic and relatively accurate confirming the effectiveness of the proposed MCMC-CA approach. [less ▲]

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See detailBelgian heterosexuals’ attitudes towards different types of same-sex parenting
Scali, Thérèse ULg; D'Amore, Salvatore; Green, Robert-Jay

Conference (2017, March 25)

The legal situation of Belgian gay men and lesbians may be perceived as one of the best in Europe. Indeed, the Belgian Parliament has legalized marriage and parenting for same-sex couples, has enacted ... [more ▼]

The legal situation of Belgian gay men and lesbians may be perceived as one of the best in Europe. Indeed, the Belgian Parliament has legalized marriage and parenting for same-sex couples, has enacted anti-discrimination laws, and has funded several action plans to combat homophobia. More particularly, the access to parenthood is legally possible for same-sex couples through adoption, artificial insemination and in vitro fecundation. In this supportive political context, lots of same-sex-headed families exist. However, same-sex parenting is still considered as a controversial topic by some heterosexual people. Therefore, this paper aims at understanding heterosexuals’ attitudes towards the different types of same-sex parenting as well as the rationales underlying those attitudes. In Study 1, the degrees of support of 1168 heterosexual participants aged from 18 to 81 towards those types of parenting have been analysed through a self-report questionnaire. Results revealed that heterosexuals’ participants do not show the same degree of support towards the different types of same-sex parenting. In particular, adoption by lesbian and gay couples is the more accepted type of parenting, followed by artificial insemination. Then, adoption for single lesbians or gay men and surrogacy are the types of parenting that are the less supported. Then, though the content analysis of comments posted on social networks (Study 2), we highlighted the arguments in favour and against those specific types of parenting. Those results highlight that citizens’ attitudes can go from supportive to unsupportive and this could lead to some kind of discrimination towards children raised in specific forms of same-sex-headed families. This contribution highlights work’s implication for public policy and social transformation by understanding the challenges that gay and lesbian couples and their children have to face. [less ▲]

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See detailHistoire et images. Une épistémologie historienne du visuel : le cas d'Arlette Farge
Servais, Amandine ULg

Conference (2017, March 25)

Dans cet exposé, j'analyse le cas Montjean, inscrit au cœur de la pratique fargienne. Il m’intéresse particulièrement : il est révélateur tant du projet d’Arlette Farge que de sa mise en œuvre. Une ... [more ▼]

Dans cet exposé, j'analyse le cas Montjean, inscrit au cœur de la pratique fargienne. Il m’intéresse particulièrement : il est révélateur tant du projet d’Arlette Farge que de sa mise en œuvre. Une première fois appréhendé au sein d’un ouvrage – La vie fragile (Paris, Hachette, 1986) – qui annonce, en bien des lieux, la poétique de l’historienne, on le retrouve dans une étude récente qui, selon moi, condense – tout en légèreté – les outils de l’atelier fargien. J’estime, en effet, que La révolte de Mme Montjean (Paris, Albin Michel, 2016) est une sorte de manifeste qui, évidemment, ne se donne pas explicitement comme tel. Mais en la parcourant, librement, chapitre par chapitre, je montrerai que les fondamentaux de la pratique d’Arlette Farge – telle que je tente de la formaliser par le biais du paradigme visuel – y sont formulés. [less ▲]

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See detailInfectious diseases diagnosis and vaccination in pet rabbits : an everyday challenge
Marlier, Didier ULg

in Marlier, Didier (Ed.) Proceedings of the Third International Conference on Avian heRpetological and Exotic mammal medicine (2017, March 25)

Detailed reference viewed: 8 (2 ULg)
See detailN2O dynamics in sea ice, insights from a first time series and isotopic tools
Kotovitch, Marie ULg; Tison, Jean-Louis; Fripiat, François et al

Conference (2017, March 25)

Nitrous oxide (N2O) is a potent greenhouse gases that has a lifetime of 114 years in the atmosphere and a global warming potential 300 time higher than that of CO2. However there are still large ... [more ▼]

Nitrous oxide (N2O) is a potent greenhouse gases that has a lifetime of 114 years in the atmosphere and a global warming potential 300 time higher than that of CO2. However there are still large uncertainties and gaps in the understanding of the N2O cycle in polar oceans and particularly associated to sea ice. Sources and sinks of N2O are therefore poorly quantified. To date, only one study by Randall et al. 2012 present N2O measurements in sea ice. They pointed out that sea ice formation and melt has the potential to generate sea-air or air-sea fluxes of N2O, respectively. The main processes (except the transport processes) involved in the N2O cycle within the aquatic environment are nitrification and denitrification. Recent observations of significant nitrification in Antarctic sea ice shed a new light on nitrogen cycle within sea ice. It has been suggested that nitrification supplies up to 70% of nitrate assimilated within Antarctic spring sea ice. Corollary, production of N2O, a by-product of nitrification, can potentially be significant. Our recent studies in Antarctic land fast ice in McMurdo Sound, confirmed this suggestion, where N2O release to the atmosphere was estimated to reach 4 µmol.m-2.yr-1. But this assessment is probably an underestimation since it only accounts for dissolved N2O while a significant amount of N2O is likely to occur in the gaseous form like N2, O2 and Ar. We will then address the new tools to measure the bulk concentration of N2O (dissolved and gaseous) in sea ice, and the production of N2O by sympagic microorganisms - what process is dominant and how much N2O is produced - based on the first time series of N2O measurement in sea ice. The determination of the isotopic composition of N2O using cavity enhanced laser absorption spectroscopy technique (Off-axis ICOS) will allow us to determine the origin of these processes. [less ▲]

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See detailAn Affective Account of Distance Estimation Biases
Dumitru, Magdalena ULg

Conference (2017, March 25)

Dumitru and Joergensen (2016) employed a task designed to probe social attitudes to covertly investigate the magnitude estimation of digit-word expressions (e.g., ‘8 ants’). Here we employed a task ... [more ▼]

Dumitru and Joergensen (2016) employed a task designed to probe social attitudes to covertly investigate the magnitude estimation of digit-word expressions (e.g., ‘8 ants’). Here we employed a task designed to elicit affective states to gain insights into distance underestimation and boundary extension biases. [less ▲]

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See detailCorps et virtualité : Psychopathologie du sujet borderline
Englebert, Jérôme ULg

Scientific conference (2017, March 24)

Detailed reference viewed: 40 (6 ULg)
See detailThe implicit transformation of national administrative authorities in the service of supranational ‘fair trial’ rights
Van Cleynenbreugel, Pieter ULg

Scientific conference (2017, March 24)

This presentation analyses to what extent the fundamental right to a fair trial has been instrumental in shaping or modifying the structure of national competition and financial market authorities in five ... [more ▼]

This presentation analyses to what extent the fundamental right to a fair trial has been instrumental in shaping or modifying the structure of national competition and financial market authorities in five States (the United Kingdom, France, Germany, the Netherlands and Belgium). Submitting that the ECtHR and the CJEU have succeeded in imposing a limited number of administrative organisation templates on administrative authorities and uncovering the limits of that approach, it will call for a more fundamental reflection on the risks and opportunities associated with inter- and supranational courts establishing, in a bottom-up fashion, administrative organisation templates subsequently imposed on States. [less ▲]

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See detailAnosognosia for behavioral disorder is related to confidence for false self-related memories in Alzheimer’s disease
Mélon, Marlène; Collette, Fabienne ULg; Salmon, Eric ULg et al

Poster (2017, March 24)

Impaired self-awareness (i.e. anosognosia) and altered metacognitive monitoring in memory tasks have both been evidenced in AD. Furthermore, cognitive studies showed disrupted interaction between self and ... [more ▼]

Impaired self-awareness (i.e. anosognosia) and altered metacognitive monitoring in memory tasks have both been evidenced in AD. Furthermore, cognitive studies showed disrupted interaction between self and memory cognitive systems in AD, reducing cognitive advantages of self-related memories (i.e. decreasing self reference effect, SRE) in these patients. However, how anosognosia relates to impaired metacognitive monitoring in AD, particularly for self-related memories, is still an open question. To investigate this question, an ecological memory task based on face-name associations was administrated to 20 healthy older controls (HC) and 20 mild AD patients. The influence of self-reference at encoding was assessed on subsequent name recall and recollective experience, as well as on predictive (feeling-of-knowing, FOK) and postretrieval (judgments-of-confidence, JOC) metacognitive judgments on name recognition in all participants. Furthermore relationships between metacognitive outcomes and awareness of daily cognitive and behavioral impairment was examined in AD. Altered SRE was evidenced in name recall and recollective experience in AD. Patients also showed impaired FOK and JOC, as well as lower awareness of their daily functioning impairment (anosognosia). Nevertheless, differential effect of self on metacognitive judgment in AD and HC was only observed on JOC for false memories. Importantly, anosognosia for behavioral disorders was related to post-retrieval confidence for false recognition of self-related items in AD patients. Thus, anosognosia concerning behavioral disorder and altered post-retrieval monitoring of self-related memories appear to be related in AD. We hypothesized that impaired monitoring of personal false memories may lead AD patients to rely on distorted recent reality when providing judgment about their everyday behavioral functioning. [less ▲]

Detailed reference viewed: 32 (1 ULg)