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See detailTransparency Under Scrutiny. Information disclosure by the Parliamentary Land Investigation Commission in Myanmar
San Thein; Pyae Sone; Diepart, Jean-Christophe ULg

E-print/Working paper (2017)

This case study presents a country-wide quantitative analysis of a Parliamentary Commission established in 2012 in Myanmar to examine ‘land grab’ cases considered and to propose solutions towards ... [more ▼]

This case study presents a country-wide quantitative analysis of a Parliamentary Commission established in 2012 in Myanmar to examine ‘land grab’ cases considered and to propose solutions towards releasing the land to its original owners, in most cases smallholder farming families. The study analyses the information contained in four reports released to the public, but also aims to elicit information they do not reveal. First of all, the paper suggests the commission has failed to provide detailed information about land grabs by the military. Second, the Commission seems to have targeted urban areas and urbanization projects and has underestimated land grab cases in rural areas. Third, by contrasting the locations of land confiscation cases with those of agro-industrial concessions as of 2011, the paper also shows how the Commission has evaded, rather than tackled, some very critical land confiscation issues driven by these concessions. Eventually, the authors argue for a mechanism that gathers, manages and releases relevant data on land confiscation and redistribution in a manner that allows for full disclosure. [less ▲]

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See detailImpact of an ultra-marathonof 330km on plasma levels of cardiac biomarkers
Le Goff, Caroline ULg; Kaux, Jean-François ULg; Gergelé, Laurent et al

in British Journal of Sports Medicine (2017, February), 51(4), 347

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See detailIntroduction to the Laws of War - Reader (2016-2017)
Deprez, Christophe ULg

Learning material (2017)

This reader gathers introductory pieces of literature on how international law governs situations of armed conflict.

Detailed reference viewed: 19 (3 ULg)
See detailLa paix de Fexhe
Masson, Christophe ULg

Book published by Ville de Liège (2017)

Catalogue de l'exposition "La Paix de Fexhe" (Grand Curtius, 3 février-30 avril 2017)

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See detailCombattre le travail des enfants? Politiques et acteurs d'une lutte controversée au Burkina Faso
Wouango, Joséphine ULg

Book published by L'Harmattan (2017)

Malgré le renforcement de la législation depuis 1990 et la lutte engagée depuis 2000, le travail des enfants continue d’être une question préoccupante au Burkina Faso. Pourquoi ? Alors que la lutte pour ... [more ▼]

Malgré le renforcement de la législation depuis 1990 et la lutte engagée depuis 2000, le travail des enfants continue d’être une question préoccupante au Burkina Faso. Pourquoi ? Alors que la lutte pour son abolition, dans le pays, n’a jamais connu un tel intérêt, comment comprendre que de nombreux enfants continuent de travailler, souvent dans des conditions qui relèvent des « pires formes » de travail des enfants, selon les critères de l’OIT ? Que pensent et disent les enfants travailleurs sur cette lutte engagée contre leur travail ? Telles sont les questions que l’ouvrage se propose de développer. À partir d’une enquête de terrain de longue durée au Burkina Faso, cet ouvrage offre une analyse des conditions d’émergence, de traduction et d’application des politiques internationales de lutte contre le travail des enfants. En confrontant à un corpus empirique inédit les théories et les interprétations dominantes, l’ouvrage propose une relecture de la sociologie et de l’anthropologie de l’enfance et de l’analyse des politiques publiques. [less ▲]

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See detailPhenotypes to genetically reduce greenhouse gas emissions in dairying
de Haas, Yvette; Pszczola, Marcin; Soyeurt, Hélène ULg et al

in Journal of Dairy Science (2017), 100(2), 855-870

Phenotypes have been reviewed to select for lower-emitting animals in order to decrease the environmental footprint of dairy cattle products. This includes direct selection for breath measurements, as ... [more ▼]

Phenotypes have been reviewed to select for lower-emitting animals in order to decrease the environmental footprint of dairy cattle products. This includes direct selection for breath measurements, as well as indirect selection via indicator traits such as feed intake, milk spectral data, and rumen microbial communities. Many of these traits are expensive or difficult to record, or both, but with genomic selection, inclusion of methane emission as a breeding goal trait is feasible, even with a limited number of registrations. At present, methane emission is not included among breeding goals for dairy cattle worldwide. There is no incentive to include enteric methane in breeding goals, although global warming and the release of greenhouse gases is a much-debated political topic. However, if selection for reduced methane emission became a reality, there would be limited consensus as to which phenotype to select for: methane in liters per day or grams per day, methane in liters per kilogram of energy-corrected milk or dry matter intake, or a residual methane phenotype, where methane production is corrected for milk production and the weight of the cow. We have reviewed the advantages and disadvantages of these traits, and discuss the methods for selection and consequences for these phenotypes. [less ▲]

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See detailApplication of design space optimization strategy to the developmentof LC methods for simultaneous analysis of 18 antiretroviral medicinesand 4 major excipients used in various pharmaceutical formulations
Habyalimana, Védaste ULg; Mbinze Kindenge, Jérémie ULg; Yemoa, Loconon ULg et al

in Journal of Pharmaceutical & Biomedical Analysis (2017), 139

tAs one of the world’s most significant public health challenges in low- and middle-income countries,HIV/AIDS deserves to be treated with appropriate medicines, however which are not spared from coun ... [more ▼]

tAs one of the world’s most significant public health challenges in low- and middle-income countries,HIV/AIDS deserves to be treated with appropriate medicines, however which are not spared from coun-terfeiting. For that, we developed screening and specific HPLC methods that can analyze 18 antiretroviralmedicines (ARV) and 4 major excipients. Design of experiments and design space methodology wereinitially applied for 15 ARV and the 4 excipients with prediction thanks to Monte Carlo simulations andfocusing on rapidity and affordability thus using short column and low cost organic solvent (methanol)in gradient mode with 10 mM buffer solutions of ammonium hydrogen carbonate. Two other specificmethods dedicated to ARV in liquid and in solid dosage formulations were also predicted and opti-mized. We checked the ability of one method for the analysis of a fixed-dose combination composedby emtricitabine/tenofovir/efavirenz in tablet formulations. Satisfying validation results were obtainedby applying the total error approach taking into account the accuracy profile as decision tool. Then, thevalidated method was applied to test two samples coded A and B, and claimed to contain the tested ARV.Assay results were satisfying only for sample B. [less ▲]

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See detailDe l'évaluation des Enseignements à la régulation des pratiques des enseignants: quels possibles et quelles conditions ?
Detroz, Pascal ULg; Verpoorten, Dominique ULg

in Education & Formation (2017), e307

Cet article propose une modélisation des divers usages des résultats de l’évaluation des enseignements par les étudiants (EEE). Nous considérons l’usage et les effets sur les enseignements, mais également ... [more ▼]

Cet article propose une modélisation des divers usages des résultats de l’évaluation des enseignements par les étudiants (EEE). Nous considérons l’usage et les effets sur les enseignements, mais également ceux produits sur le développement pédagogique des enseignants. Nous déterminons ensuite certains éléments du dispositif EEE favorisant une utilisation accrue et pertinente. [less ▲]

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See detailPédagogie universitaire et Evaluation de l’enseignement par les étudiants 
Younes, Nathalie; Paivendi, Saeed; Detroz, Pascal ULg

in Education & Formation (2017), e307

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See detailAn App-based Algorithmic Approach for Harvesting Local and Renewable Energy Using Electric Vehicles
Dubois, Antoine; Wehenkel, Antoine; Fonteneau, Raphaël ULg et al

in Proceedings of the 9th International Conference on Agents and Artificial Intelligence (ICAART 2017) (2017, February)

The emergence of electric vehicles (EVs), combined with the rise of renewable energy production capacities, will strongly impact the way electricity is produced, distributed and consumed in the very near ... [more ▼]

The emergence of electric vehicles (EVs), combined with the rise of renewable energy production capacities, will strongly impact the way electricity is produced, distributed and consumed in the very near future. This position paper focuses on the problem of optimizing charging strategies for a fleet of EVs in the context where a significant amount of electricity is generated by (distributed) renewable energy. It exposes how a mobile application may offer an efficient solution for addressing this problem. This app can play two main roles. Firstly, it would incite and help people to play a more active role in the energy sector by allowing photovoltaic (PV) panel owners to sell their electrical production directly to consumers, here the EVs’ agents. Secondly, it would help distribution system operators (DSOs) or transmission system operators (TSOs) to modulate more efficiently the load by allowing them to influence EV charging behaviour in real time. Finally, the present paper advocates for the introduction of a two-sided market-type model between EV drivers and electricity producers. [less ▲]

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See detailTowards a community-based concession model in the DRC
Vermeulen, Cédric ULg; Karsenty, Alain

in International Forestry Review (2017)

In 2014 Decree 14/018 laying down the rules for granting forest concessions to local communities, followed by Ministerial Order 0/25 on the same issue, was published in the DRC. This paper aims to analyse ... [more ▼]

In 2014 Decree 14/018 laying down the rules for granting forest concessions to local communities, followed by Ministerial Order 0/25 on the same issue, was published in the DRC. This paper aims to analyse the abovementioned legislation with respect to participatory management of forests. The explicit recognition of the duality of a customary de facto local community forest and a modern legal entity (concession) is an innovation. However, viewed from the perspective of the long-established habits within the country, the question remains whether these legal measures can be sufficient for ensuring the sustainable development of these community-held forested areas. Allowing community concessions up to 50,000 ha demonstrated a shift in the government policy away from the industrial timber cultivation model. However, an area this size is much larger than the communities can monitor, particularly in the case of artisanal charcoal or wood exploitation. [less ▲]

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See detailThe Martian diffuse aurora: a model of ultraviolet and visible emissions
Gérard, Jean-Claude ULg; Soret, Lauriane ULg; Shematovich, V.I. et al

in Icarus (2017), 288

A new type of Martian aurora, characterized by an extended spatial distribution, an altitude lower than the discrete aurora and electron precipitation up to 200 keV has been observed following solar ... [more ▼]

A new type of Martian aurora, characterized by an extended spatial distribution, an altitude lower than the discrete aurora and electron precipitation up to 200 keV has been observed following solar activity on several occasions from the MAVEN spacecraft. We describe the results of Monte Carlo simulations of the production of several ultraviolet and violet auroral emissions for initial electron energies extending from 0.25 to 200 keV. These include the CO2+ ultraviolet doublet (UVD) at 288.3 and 289.6 nm and the Fox–Duffendack–Barker (FDB) bands, CO Cameron and Fourth Positive bands, OI 130.4 and 297.2 nm and CI 156.1 nm and 165.7 nm multiplets. We calculate the nadir and limb production rates of several of these emissions for a unit precipitated energy flux. Our results indicate that electrons in the range 50-200 keV produce maximum CO2+ UVD emission below 75 km, in agreement with the MAVEN observations. We calculate the efficiency of photon production per unit precipitated electron power. The strongest emissions are the CO2+ FDB, UVD and CO Cameron bands and the oxygen mission at 297.2 nm. The metastable a 3Π state which radiates the Cameron bands is deactivated by collisions below about 110 km. As a consequence, we show that the Cameron band emission is expected to peak at a higher altitude than the CO2+ UVD and FDB bands. Collisional quenching also causes the intensity ratio of the CO2+ UVD to CO Cameron bands to increase below ∼100 km in the energetic diffuse aurora. [less ▲]

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See detailTraitement du pectus excavatum chez le chat
Hamon, Martin ULg; Claeys, Stéphanie ULg

in Monde Vétérinaire (Le) (2017), 166

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See detailPetite apologie de l'analogie en mathématiques
Bair, Jacques ULg

E-print/Working paper (2017)

L'analogie est souvent utilisée par les mathématiciens car elle s'avère déterminante très souvent dans la création de mathématiques nouvelles. Pour illustrer simplement ces propos, nous présentons deux ... [more ▼]

L'analogie est souvent utilisée par les mathématiciens car elle s'avère déterminante très souvent dans la création de mathématiques nouvelles. Pour illustrer simplement ces propos, nous présentons deux exemples, l'un de géométrie et l'autre d'analyse, qui ont été initialement développés par G. Polya. Une brève biographie de cet auteur est présentée en fin d'article. [less ▲]

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See detailIs langdurig ziekteverzuim voorspelbaar en meetbaar ?
Goorts, Kaat; Duchesnes, Christiane ULg; Vandenbroeck, Sofie et al

in Tijdschrift voor Bedrijfs- en Verzekeringsgeneeskunde (2017), 25(2), 59-62

Detailed reference viewed: 22 (2 ULg)
See detailTransformation identitaire, quête de sens et définition de Soi dans l’engagement radical violent
Garcet, Serge ULg

Conference given outside the academic context (2017)

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See detailTHE IMPACT OF SURFACTANTS ON VEGETBLE WHIPPED CREAM PROPERTIES IN RELATION WITH THE EMPLOYED FAT
Petrut, Raul Flaviu ULg

Doctoral thesis (2017)

Vegetable whipped creams are nowadays a popular alternative to the traditional dairy whipped creams. The emulsions standing at the base of vegetable whipped creams are classified as O/W emulsions. During ... [more ▼]

Vegetable whipped creams are nowadays a popular alternative to the traditional dairy whipped creams. The emulsions standing at the base of vegetable whipped creams are classified as O/W emulsions. During whipping air is incorporated and entrapped by a fat crystallize network. This is achieved by the fat droplets interaction through the partial coalescence mechanism. Hence the presence of a crystalline fat phase is imperative within the formulation of the whipped cream. In order to control the partial coalescence and stabilize both the emulsion and the whipped cream, emulsifiers are required. Therefore in such systems, proteins and LMW surfactants coexists and dictate the degree and rate of partial coalesce. This allows the tailoring of the sensorial attributes and physico-chemical properties of the whipped cream (e.g. stability, overrun, texture). Nevertheless the impact of the components on the whipped cream properties has to be understood as a whole and not as individual effects of fats, proteins and LMW surfactants. [less ▲]

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See detailL'énonciation d'une synthèse
Badir, Sémir ULg

in Nouveaux Actes Sémiotiques (2017)

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