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See detailThat crisis idea! Refugee camps in European borders, from urgent condition to sustainable state
Da Silva, Amanda Carolina ULg

Scientific conference (2016, April 01)

This article aims to explore the transition process of informal camps on the French border to a sustainable state, similarly to « ghettoization ». I observe this issue as a result of a ... [more ▼]

This article aims to explore the transition process of informal camps on the French border to a sustainable state, similarly to « ghettoization ». I observe this issue as a result of a securitizationprocess. I started from the assumption that the ethical and cultural dimensions have particular relevance in this process. This issue requires a transversal analysis, of policies and speeches of actors at local, national and international levels. This is a question of integration policies at the local level more than a question of national or European immigration models. I aim to highlight the local the local level relevance, where the integration is primarily implemented, and therefore local and regional context should matter as much as the national model for the analysis of integration (Martiniello, 2013). In Calais, due to the lack of local immigration policies the civilian population has been pushed to react, they started to build temporary camps, this initiative increased the social exclusion. The civil associations gained more relevance and followers by Facebook, what changes the engagement that pass from local to transnational. In Calais the migratory flow and the informal camps called jungles are known since 1999, until May 2014 these camps around the city center possessed temporary vocation, and were destroyed and rebuilt daily. Therefore, this is also a matter of security speeches. The definition of the context as a crisis situation made possible an agreement between the associations and the government, that amidthe destruction of small camps and concentrated all refugees in a single area, 6.1 kilometers from the city. The political decisions concerning the space occupied by these individuals aimed to make them invisible, placing them far from the city and limiting their access to city services, which by consequence led to the construction of a ghetto. When a situation is defined as a crisis, it passes immediately to the state security sphere, where atypical actions, (as border militarization, mass expulsions, police repression), can be employed to protect the «political community» and eliminate the source of the crisis. This means that in a context defined as a crisis, temporality gains an important dimension, as evokes short term solutions, mobilizing more efforts in building urgency camps than in the areas related to integration. On the other hand the temporary camps, while urgent measures will endure and be normalised, becoming durable spaces of exclusion. The originality of this proposal is to discuss how local policy decisions and non-state actors worked together with a system of temporary camps for the implementation of a complex, semi-permanent exclusion system. This is a matter of contextual perception as a crisis situation, which is designed by production of speeches, and will determine the nature and timeliness of actions and political elaborations. The idea of the refugee crisis is then mobilized to justify emergency actions and security policies; such as closing borders, construction and maintenance of camps as an emergency response. [less ▲]

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See detailObservational signatures of past mass-exchange episodes in massive binaries: The case of HD 149 404
Raucq, Françoise ULg; Rauw, Gregor ULg; Gosset, Eric ULg et al

in Astronomy and Astrophysics (2016), 588

Context. Mass and momentum exchanges in close massive binaries play an important role in their evolution, and produce several observational signatures such as asynchronous rotation and altered chemical ... [more ▼]

Context. Mass and momentum exchanges in close massive binaries play an important role in their evolution, and produce several observational signatures such as asynchronous rotation and altered chemical compositions, that remain after the stars detach again. Aims: We investigated these effects for the detached massive O-star binary HD 149 404 (O7.5 If + ON9.7 I, P = 9.81 days), which is thought to have experienced a past episode of case A Roche-lobe overflow (RLOF). Methods: Using phase-resolved spectroscopy, we performed the disentangling of the optical spectra of the two stars. The reconstructed primary and secondary spectra were then analysed with the CMFGEN model atmosphere code to determine stellar parameters, such as the effective temperatures and surface gravities, and to constrain the chemical composition of the components. We complemented the optical study with the study of IUE spectra, which we compare to the synthetic binary spectra. The properties of the stars were compared to evolutionary models. Results: We confirmed a strong overabundance in nitrogen ([N/C] ~ 150[N/C][SUB]⊙[/SUB]) for the secondary and a slight nitrogen overabundance ([N/C] ~ 5[N/C][SUB]⊙[/SUB]) for the primary star. Comparing the two stars, we found evidence for asynchronous rotation, with a rotational period ratio of 0.50 ± 0.11. Conclusions: The hypothesis of a past case A RLOF interaction in HD 149 404 is most plausible to explain its chemical abundances and rotational asynchronicity. Some of the observed properties, such as the abundance pattern, are clearly a challenge for current case A binary evolution models, however. [less ▲]

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See detailDiscovering novel enzymes y functional screening of plurigenomic libraries from alga-associated Flavobacteriia and Gammaproteobacteria
Martin, Marjolaine ULg; Vandermies, Marie ULg; Joyeux, Coline et al

in Microbiological Research (2016), 186

Alga-associated microorganisms, in the context of their numerous interactions with the host and thecomplexity of the marine environment, are known to produce diverse hydrolytic enzymes with ... [more ▼]

Alga-associated microorganisms, in the context of their numerous interactions with the host and thecomplexity of the marine environment, are known to produce diverse hydrolytic enzymes with originalbiochemistry. We recently isolated several macroalgal-polysaccharide-degrading bacteria from the sur-face of the brown alga Ascophyllum nodosum. These active isolates belong to two classes: the Flavobacteriiaand the Gammaproteobacteria. In the present study, we constructed two “plurigenomic” (with multi-ple bacterial genomes) libraries with the 5 most interesting isolates (regarding their phylogeny andtheir enzymatic activities) of each class (Fv and Gm libraries). Both libraries were screened for diversehydrolytic activities. Five activities, out of the 48 previously identified in the natural polysaccharolyticisolates, were recovered by functional screening: a xylanase (GmXyl7), a beta-glucosidase (GmBg1), anesterase (GmEst7) and two iota-carrageenases (Fvi2.5 and Gmi1.3). We discuss here the potential role ofthe used host-cell, the average DNA insert-sizes and the used restriction enzymes on the divergent screen-ing yields obtained for both libraries and get deeper inside the “great screen anomaly”. Interestingly, thediscovered esterase probably stands for a novel family of homoserine o-acetyltransferase-like-esterases,while the two iota-carrageenases represent new members of the poorly known GH82 family (contain-ing only 19 proteins since its description in 2000). These original results demonstrate the efficiencyof our uncommon “plurigenomic” library approach and the underexplored potential of alga-associatedcultivable microbiota for the identification of novel and algal-specific enzymes. [less ▲]

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See detailLa polykystose rénale autosomique dominante : comment et pourquoi identifier les patients "rapidement progresseurs" vers l'insuffisance rénale terminale?
bodson, aurélie; MEUNIER, Paul ULg; Krzesinski, Jean-Marie ULg et al

in Revue Médicale de Liège (2016), 71(4), 184-192

Autosomal dominant polycystic kidney disease (ADPKD) is a common inherited disease characterised by the progressive development of multiple and bilateral cysts in kidneys and other organs. Most patients ... [more ▼]

Autosomal dominant polycystic kidney disease (ADPKD) is a common inherited disease characterised by the progressive development of multiple and bilateral cysts in kidneys and other organs. Most patients with ADPKD will develop, sooner or later, end-stage renal disease (ESRD). The morbidity and mortality associated with ESRD prompt physicians to identify early ADPKD patients considered as «rapid progressors», who have the greatest risk to rapidly develop ESRD. The rate of progression can be assessed by clinical - especially with the «predicting renal outcome in polycystic kidney disease score» (PROPKD-Score) -, biological (a decline of the glomerular filtration rate (GFR) of 4,4 - 5,9 ml/min/year and/or the doubling of serum creatinine within a 36-month period), or radiological criteria (total kidney volume (TKV) adjusted for the size > 600 cc/m and/or TKV annual growth rate > 5 %). Nowadays, there is no curative treatment for ADPKD. However, vasopressin-2 receptor antagonists, such as tolvaptan, appear to slow down the growth of renal cysts and the slope of GFR decline. The current management of ADPKD patients is mostly based on correcting the risk factors for progression, i.e. encouraging (over)-hydration, normalizing blood pressure, stimulating smoking cessation. [less ▲]

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See detailOn Editing Yoshihiro Tatsumi: Interview with Adrian Tomine
Crucifix, Benoît ULg

Article for general public (2016)

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See detailLe hate speech et la liberté d'expression dans la jurisprudence américaine sous l'angle de la philosophie du langage
Thirion, Nicolas ULg; Vandenbulke, Antoine ULg

in Auteurs & Media (2016)

Analysis of landmark US Supreme Court cases on hate speech evaluated in terms of philosophy of language, particularly through the works of J.L. Austin and Judith Butler.

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See detailContrasting Arctic and Antarctic sea ice temperatures
Vancoppenolle, M.; Raphael, M.; Rousset, C. et al

Conference (2016, April)

Sea ice temperature affects the sea ice growth rate, heat content, permeability and habitability for ice algae. Large-scale simulations with NEMO-LIM suggest large ice temperature contrasts between the ... [more ▼]

Sea ice temperature affects the sea ice growth rate, heat content, permeability and habitability for ice algae. Large-scale simulations with NEMO-LIM suggest large ice temperature contrasts between the Arctic and the Antarctic sea ice. First, Antarctic sea ice proves generally warmer than in the Arctic, in particular during winter, where differences reach up to ∼10◦C. Second, the seasonality of temperature is different among the two hemispheres: Antarctic ice temperatures are 2-3◦C higher in spring than they are in fall, whereas the opposite is true in the Arctic. These two key differences are supported by the available ice core and mass balance buoys temperature observations, and can be attributed to differences in air temperature and snow depth. As a result, the ice is found to be habitable and permeable over much larger areas and much earlier in late spring in the Antarctic as compared with the Arctic, which consequences on biogeochemical exchanges in the sea ice zone remain to be evaluated. [less ▲]

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See detailPrevalence of frailty among nursing home, according to different operational definitions.
Buckinx, Fanny ULg; Reginster, Jean-Yves ULg; GILLAIN, Sophie ULg et al

in Osteoporosis International (2016, April), 27(Supplement 1), 216-217

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See detailTen years of Denosumab (DMAB) treatment in postmenopausal women with osteoporosis. Results from the FREEDOM Extension trial.
Bone, H.G.; Brandi, M.L.; Brown, J.P. et al

in Osteoporosis International (2016, April), 27(Supplement 1), 135-136

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See detailPhysical and muscle performances among elderly nursing home residents.
Buckinx, Fanny ULg; Reginster, Jean-Yves ULg; Croisier, Jean-Louis ULg et al

in Osteoporosis International (2016, April), 27(Supplement 1), 217

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See detailEnglish translation and cross-cultural adaptation of the SarQuoL® questionnaire.
Beaudart, Charlotte ULg; Edwards, M.; Dennison, E.M. et al

in Osteoporosis International (2016, April), 27(Supplement 1), 221-222

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See detailBrain-derived neurotrophic factor (BDNF) in normal healthy and hemodialyzed populations.
CAVALIER, Etienne ULg; CARLISI, Ignazia ULg; KOVACS, Stéphanie ULg et al

in Osteoporosis International (2016, April), 27(Supplement 1), 512

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See detailConstruire un programme de formation pédagogique pour les enseignants
Poumay, Marianne ULg

in Daele, Amaury; Sylvestre, Emmanuel (Eds.) Comment développer le conseil pédagogique dans l’enseignement supérieur ? (2016)

En s’appuyant sur quelques expériences européennes et notamment celle de l’Université de Liège, pionnière en matière d’obligation de formation pour les encadrants du supérieur en Belgique, ce chapitre ... [more ▼]

En s’appuyant sur quelques expériences européennes et notamment celle de l’Université de Liège, pionnière en matière d’obligation de formation pour les encadrants du supérieur en Belgique, ce chapitre tente d’éclairer les défis majeurs qui attendent les enseignants ou conseillers pédagogiques au détour de leur conception d’un programme de formation pour enseignants. Il aborde tout d’abord l’intérêt d’étudier les besoins ou en tout cas de définir un cap institutionnel clair et partagé en matière de formation des enseignants en interne. Il propose quelques réflexions quant au choix du public-cible de ces formations, de leurs contenus et méthodes, de leur durée et de leurs animateurs. Il aborde ensuite les questions des incitants à la participation des enseignants et de l’impact de ces formations avant d’ouvrir sur quelques pistes de discussion. [less ▲]

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See detailAge-standardized quality of life after hip or knee arthoplasty.
Neuprez, Audrey ULg; KURTH, William ULg; THIRION, Thierry ULg et al

in Osteoporosis International (2016, April), 27(Supplement 1), 541-542

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See detailLes théories représentationnelles de l'esprit
Gauvry, Charlotte ULg

Conference (2016, April)

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See detailBrentano or Husserl? Intentionality, Consciousness, and Self-consciousness in Contemporary Phenomenology of Mind
Boccaccini, Federico ULg

in Archivio di Filosofia (2016), LXXXIII(3), 189-202

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See detailProper orthogonal decomposition versus Krylov subspace methods in reduced-order energy-converter models
Hasan M.D., Rokibul; V. Sabariego, Ruth; Geuzaine, Christophe ULg et al

Speech/Talk (2016)

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See detailL'imagination. Une pratique normée chez Wittgenstein
Gauvry, Charlotte ULg

Conference (2016, April)

Contrairement aux empiristes anglais, Wittgenstein récuse l’idée d’après laquelle les actes d’imagination sont définis par leur « contenu », à savoir une « image mentale » qui ne différerait que par son ... [more ▼]

Contrairement aux empiristes anglais, Wittgenstein récuse l’idée d’après laquelle les actes d’imagination sont définis par leur « contenu », à savoir une « image mentale » qui ne différerait que par son degré d’intensité d’un contenu cognitif (Cf. Hume, Traité de la nature humaine, I, i, 3 ; Wittgenstein, F §621). Parallèlement, Wittgenstein récuse l’hypothèse selon laquelle un « œil mental » ou « œil interne » nous fournirait ces images (cf. e.g. RPP II §66). De fait, les nombreux exemples des Recherches philosophiques comme des textes plus tardifs (cf. e.g. RP §§6, 19 ; F §§98, 571) mettent en scène l’imagination d’un langage, d’une hypothèse, d’un usage, d’un contexte, etc. – autant de choses que l’on ne « voit » pas par l’œil de l’esprit. En adoptant une position assez proche de celles de Reid, Ryle ou Sartre (cf. Glock 1996), Wittgenstein défend alors l’hypothèse d’une imagination sans imaginaire. Ce faisant, Wittgenstein présente l’imagination comme un acte, ou plutôt une « pratique ». Or Wittgenstein dissocie cette pratique de celle de la perception (F §§621-637). Selon le §625 des Fiches, il existe bien un « rapport » entre ces deux jeux de langage, mais pas de « ressemblance ». À titre de premières indications, il semble que les deux pratiques diffèrent pour au moins trois raisons : - Premièrement, Wittgenstein affirme que l’imagination, à la différence de la perception, est assujettie à la volonté (e.g. F §621). Si nous recevons ce que nous percevons, nous pouvons en revanche répudier ou rechercher certaines images. - Qui plus est, en tant que pratique volontaire, l’imagination est soumise aux mêmes règles que celles qui régulent toutes les pratiques. C’est donc une pratique normée : en situation, certaines représentations sont possibles alors que d’autres pas (cf. e.g. RP, §651 : « je ne peux pas imaginer le contraire »). - Il semble enfin que l’imagination, à la différence de la perception, soit une pratique créatrice. Wittgenstein rapproche en effet l’imagination du « voir comme » et non du voir (RP II, 11, RPP §543). Elle joue à ce titre un rôle méthodologique fondamental dans l’économie de la vision synoptique que Wittgenstein appelle de ses vœux. [less ▲]

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See detailImpact of tillage on N2O and CO2 efflux in an agricultural crop
Lognoul, Margaux ULg; Theodorakopoulos, Nicolas ULg; Hiel, Marie-Pierre ULg et al

Poster (2016, April)

In an experiment conducted in the Belgian loess belt between June and October 2015, the effect of two tillage treatments (CT - conventional tillage and RT - reduced tillage) on CO2 and N2O fluxes ... [more ▼]

In an experiment conducted in the Belgian loess belt between June and October 2015, the effect of two tillage treatments (CT - conventional tillage and RT - reduced tillage) on CO2 and N2O fluxes exchanged by a maize crop were compared. Fluxes were measured using two fully automated sets of dynamic closed chambers, allowing a 4.5h temporal resolution. Soil water content and temperature were also monitored as well as pH, total N (TN) and total organic C (TOC) content. [less ▲]

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