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See detailLung resident eosinophils represent a distinct cell subset with homeostatic functions
Mesnil, Claire ULg; Raulier, Stéfanie ULg; Paulissen, Geneviève et al

Conference (2016, October 21)

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See detailBelgian Heterosexuals’ Attitudes towards Gay and Lesbian Couples and Same-sex Parenting
Scali, Thérèse ULg

Doctoral thesis (2016)

The legal situation of Belgian gay men and lesbians may be perceived as one of the best in Europe. Indeed, the Belgian Parliament has legalized marriage and parenting for same-sex couples, has enacted ... [more ▼]

The legal situation of Belgian gay men and lesbians may be perceived as one of the best in Europe. Indeed, the Belgian Parliament has legalized marriage and parenting for same-sex couples, has enacted anti-discrimination laws, and has designed and funded several action plans to combat homophobia. Since the opening up of marriage to same-sex couples in 2003, around a thousand gay and a thousand lesbian marriages are celebrated each year in Belgium (Direction Générale Statistique et Information Économique, 2015). Moreover, since the legalization of parenthood for gay men and lesbians, more and more same-sex couples adopt children or resort to artificial insemination, and the total number of children growing up with same-sex parents is growing steadily. Thus, a new reality is emerging: the reality of same-sex headed families. However, in spite of the civil rights granted to gay men and lesbians, the issue of social acceptance of same-sex couples and their children still remains and Belgium continues to record increasing levels of violence against homosexual people. Therefore, the main objective of the present thesis was to explore Belgian heterosexuals’ attitudes towards same-sex marriage and same-sex parenting. The first goal was to investigate the social and personal factors that may be associated with positive and negative attitudes towards same-sex marriage and those towards same-sex parenting (Study 1). The results of self-report questionnaires (N = 1168) revealed that the general attitude towards gay men and lesbians, gender-role traditionalism, beliefs in the origin of homosexuality, representations about child well-being and contact are major predictors of attitudes towards gay and lesbian civil rights. Moreover, results revealed that attitudes differed according to participant’s gender (heterosexual men are less supportive of both same-sex marriage and same-sex parenting than heterosexual women). The respective role of several variables was also discussed (gender-role traditionalism, beliefs in the origin of homosexuality, general attitudes towards gay men and lesbians, representations of child well-being and contact). We demonstrated that increasing intergroup contact can help diminish the impact of some personal beliefs on attitudes towards same-sex parenting. Moreover, results revealed that the degree of support differed in regard to the different types of parenthood. Moreover, several authors in the field of social psychology highlighted the role of beliefs and social representations upon attitudes (Dardenne, 2006). Specifically, attitudes towards gay men and lesbians as parents seem to be somehow beliefs-based (Costa, 2013). Our next objectives were to explore the arguments in favour and against same-sex parenting, both in the general population through the comments posted on social networks (Study 2) and with health-care professionals working in family counselling centres (Study 3). Both studies highlighted positive and negative arguments, each linked to one of the following category: societal and legal context, religiosity, contact, representations of homosexuality, gender-role traditionalism, general attitudes towards gay men and lesbians and representations about child well-being. Moreover, a comparative analysis of the two samples allowed us to state that the arguments held by the social workers are quite similar to those held by the citizens in the general population. Thus, we concluded that health-care professionals’ attitudes are based on naïve knowledge rather than on scientific knowledge, and this lack of scientific knowledge on same-sex parenting has an impact not only on social workers’ attitudes but also on their interventions. To conclude, our work demonstrated that, in Belgium, the barriers to accepting rainbow couples and families are no longer legal, but social. Nearly ten years after the law on adoption for same-sex couples, the country remains relatively conservative and traditional in some regards. Therefore, by demystifying and deconstructing ill-conceived ideas, it will be possible to move towards greater acceptance. Thus, more positive attitudes may be reached when in-depth work has taken place on social perceptions, particularly around questions of gender-role traditionalism, the representations of homosexuality and same-sex lifestyle, and around the child’s well-being. In particular, it is important to deconstruct stereotypes about gay men and lesbians and open minds to other possible forms of families. To achieve those goals, the role of intergroup contact is very important. It is, consequently, also down to psycho-social trainers to create homophobia prevention programmes based on tailor-made training sessions, taking into account the specificities of each group and their beliefs. Finally, we recommend that future research focuses upon same-sex parent families, in order to enrich the scientific data available on these families and their experiences. [less ▲]

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See detailMallarmé et le “motif commun”
Durand, Pascal ULg

Conference (2016, October 21)

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See detailCHAUCER (GEOFFREY)
Crépin (†), André; Dor, Juliette ULg

in Parizet, Sylvie (Ed.) La Bible dans les littératures du monde (2016)

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See detailPrise en charge de l'hyperuricémie, facteur de risque cardio-vasculaire?
Krzesinski, Jean-Marie ULg

Scientific conference (2016, October 21)

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See detailLa pubalgie du sportif - Actualités thérapeutiques conservatrices
Kaux, Jean-François ULg

Conference (2016, October 21)

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See detailDo teachers speak too much?
Remacle, Angélique ULg

Scientific conference (2016, October 21)

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See detailLa quête d’Isis ou la confirmation de Dieu : l’interpretatio Kircheriana
Winand, Jean ULg

Conference (2016, October 21)

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See detailThe genesis of a negative agentive nominalizer. The journey of jwtj between Old Egyptian and Coptic
Grossman, Eitan; Polis, Stéphane ULg

Conference (2016, October 21)

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See detailReported post-operative analgesic administration to non-human primates: 2010 - 2015
Bertrand, Henri ULg; Flecknell, Paul; Brady, James et al

Poster (2016, October 21)

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See detailPhysiological Responses to training and competition in 1 to 4 star eventing horses
Kirsch, Katharina ULg; Düe, M.; Holzhausen, H. et al

Poster (2016, October 21)

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See detailGaseous Micro-Emboli Removal during priming procedure using pulsatile flow with 4 different adult oxygenators with integrated arterial filter and open reservoir.
HELLA, Dominique ULg

Conference (2016, October 21)

4 oxygenators were tested during priming procedures with pulsatile flow. 2 showed better results.A prospective and randomized study begon in June 2016, including 200 patients. We hope with the same ... [more ▼]

4 oxygenators were tested during priming procedures with pulsatile flow. 2 showed better results.A prospective and randomized study begon in June 2016, including 200 patients. We hope with the same comparison to show interesting results. 4 oxygénateurs adultes testés durant la phase de priming utilisant le débit pulsé. 2 se révèlent supérieurs. Une étude prospective randomisée incluant 200 patients a démarré depuis juin 2016 afin de réaliser la même comparaison en clinique; nous espérons en extraire des résultats intéressants. [less ▲]

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See detailOverview of challenges of residential nearly Zero Energy Buildings (nZEB) in Southern Europe
Attia, Shady ULg; Eleftheriou, P; Xeni et al

Report (2016)

In times of great transition of the European construction sector to energy efficient and nearly zero energy buildings (nZEBs), a market observation containing qualitative and quantitative indications ... [more ▼]

In times of great transition of the European construction sector to energy efficient and nearly zero energy buildings (nZEBs), a market observation containing qualitative and quantitative indications should help to fill out the enormous information gaps concerning the EU 2020 carbon targets. Next to the economic challenges, there are equally important factors that hinder renovating the existing residential building stock and adding newly constructed high performance buildings. Under these circumstances this paper summarizes the findings of a cross-comparative study of the societal and technical barriers of nZEBs implementation in 7 Southern European countries. The aim of the study was to enhance the understanding and provide and overview on future challenges of residential nZEBs in Southern Europe. The result presents an overview of challenges and provides recommendations based on available empirical evidence to further lower those barriers in the European construction sector. The paper finds that the most Southern European countries are poorly prepared for nZEBs implementation and especially for existing buildings. It is essential creating a common approach to further develop nZEBs concepts and definitions in adaptation with the climatic, societal and technical state of progress in Southern Europe. The paper provides suggestions for minimum energy efficiency and renewable energy thresholds to shift the identified gaps into opportunities for future development in deep renovation of buildings. [less ▲]

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See detailDu portait pris au smartphone. Quelle(s) identité(s) pour quelle photographie ?
Hamers, Jérémy ULg; Hagelstein, Maud ULg

Conference given outside the academic context (2016)

Depuis l’émergence des réseaux sociaux et la généralisation des smartphones, le portrait photographique - plus singulièrement l’autoportrait rebaptisé « selfie » - est l’un des registres photographiques ... [more ▼]

Depuis l’émergence des réseaux sociaux et la généralisation des smartphones, le portrait photographique - plus singulièrement l’autoportrait rebaptisé « selfie » - est l’un des registres photographiques non professionnels les plus pratiqués en Occident. Dans le domaine de l’éducation aux médias ce succès engendre de vives critiques qui visent, tantôt le narcissisme d’une génération dont le portrait serait le symptôme absolu, tantôt les usages et détournements (harcèlement, bashing, etc.) auxquels ces images exposeraient le sujet photographié. A bien y regarder, ces critiques qui prétendent s’attaquer à un phénomène spécifique et récent, n’accordent pourtant qu’une place congrue à ce qui est propre à ces images : métadonnées, légendes formatées, fonction conversationnelle, dispositifs photographique nouveaux, temporalité de la mise en ligne, généralisati on du second degré et de la réflexivité, etc. Plutôt que de se joindre à la critique trop rapide de ces photographies, cette conférence tentera dès lors de dégager les fondements d’une autre approche du portrait numérique autoproduit, afin de réfléchir à ce que, aujourd’hui, ce type d’images peut nous dire de la photographie. [less ▲]

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See detailBiomasse et stocks de carbone des forêts tropicales africaines (synthèse bibliographique)
Loubota Panzou, Grâce Jopaul ULg; Doucet, Jean-Louis ULg; Loumeto, Jean-Joël et al

in Biotechnologie, Agronomie, Société et Environnement = Biotechnology, Agronomy, Society and Environment (2016), 20(4), 508-522

Introduction. Quantifying the biomass and carbon stocks contained in tropical forests has become an international priority for the implementation of the REDD+ mechanism. Forest biomass is estimated at ... [more ▼]

Introduction. Quantifying the biomass and carbon stocks contained in tropical forests has become an international priority for the implementation of the REDD+ mechanism. Forest biomass is estimated at three successive levels: the tree, the stand and the region level. This paper reviews the state of the art regarding the estimation of biomass and carbon stocks in tropical African forests. Literature. This review highlights the fact that very few allometric equations, equations used for estimating the biomass of the tree using non-destructive measurements (diameter, height), have been established for tropical African forests. At the stand level, the review highlights the spatial and temporal variations in biomass between forest types in Central and Eastern Africa. While biomass recovery after a disturbance (logging, for instance) is rather quick, a great deal of uncertainty still remains regarding the spatial variation in biomass, and there is no consensus on a regional biomass map. The quality of biomass mapping in tropical Africa strongly depends on the type of remotely-sensed data being used (optical, RADAR or LIDAR), and the allometric equation used to convert forest inventory data into biomass. Conclusions. Based on the lack of precision of the available allometric equations and forest inventory data and the large spatial scale involved, many uncertainties persist in relation to the estimation of the biomass and carbon stocks contained in African tropical forests. [less ▲]

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See detailThe influence of flight style on the aerodynamic properties of avian wings as fixed lifting surfaces
Lees, John J.; Dimitriadis, Grigorios ULg; Nudds, Robert L.

in PeerJ (2016), 4:e2495

The diversity of wing morphologies in birds reflects their variety of flight styles and the associated aerodynamic and inertial requirements. Although the aerodynamics underlying wing morphology can be ... [more ▼]

The diversity of wing morphologies in birds reflects their variety of flight styles and the associated aerodynamic and inertial requirements. Although the aerodynamics underlying wing morphology can be informed by aeronautical research, important differences exist between planes and birds. In particular, birds operate at lower, transitional Reynolds numbers than do most aircraft. To date, few quantitative studies have investigated the aerodynamic performance of avian wings as fixed lifting surfaces and none have focused upon the differences between wings from different flight style groups. Dried wings from 10 bird species representing 3 distinct flight style groups were mounted on a force/torque sensor within a wind tunnel in order to test the hypothesis that wing morphologies associated with different flight styles exhibit different aerodynamic properties. Morphological differences manifested primarily as differences in drag rather than lift. Maximum lift coefficients did not differ between groups, whereas minimum drag coefficients were lowest in undulating flyers (Corvids). The lift to drag ratios were lower than in conventional aerofoils and data from free-flying soaring species; particularly in high frequency, flapping flyers (Anseriformes), which do not rely heavily on glide performance. The results illustrate important aerodynamic differences between the wings of different flight style groups that cannot be explained solely by simple wing-shape measures. Taken at face value, the results also suggest that wing-shape is linked principally to changes in aerodynamic drag, but, of course, it is aerodynamics during flapping and not gliding that is likely to be the primary driver. [less ▲]

Detailed reference viewed: 22 (4 ULg)