Last 7 days     Results 1001-1020 of 56880.   46 47 48 49 50 51 52 53 54 55 56   Un morso di più: ecologia del cannibalismo in Salamandra salamandraMelotto, Andrea; Manenti, Raoul; Ficetola, Francesco et alConference (2016, September 23)Detailed reference viewed: 14 (0 ULg) « L’histoire est passée ». La production d’images-fantômes dans les projets de rénovation urbaine (Conclusions du colloque)Cormann, Grégory Conference (2016, September 23)Detailed reference viewed: 11 (1 ULg) Supprimer la Communauté française ? Quelles perspectives pour le paysage institutionnel francophone ?Behrendt, Christian Conference given outside the academic context (2016)Conférence donnée à l'invitation de l'Union des entreprises à profit social (UNIPSO), à Bruxelles, Centre "Le Botanique", le 23 septembre 2016Detailed reference viewed: 29 (3 ULg) Development of alternative methods to control aphids (Hemiptera: Aphididae): from wheat-pea intercropping to the use of semiochemical dispensersChevalier Mendes Lopes, Thomas Doctoral thesis (2016)Increasing the sustainability of food production is a major challenge in today’s agriculture. Several practices can be implemented to reduce the use of external inputs such as agrochemicals. In terms of ... [more ▼]Increasing the sustainability of food production is a major challenge in today’s agriculture. Several practices can be implemented to reduce the use of external inputs such as agrochemicals. In terms of insect pest control, the concept of integrated pest management (IPM) has been exploited to minimize the application of chemical insecticides. The idea is to limit pest infestations while promoting their control by natural enemies. One possibility is to increase within crops plant diversity namely by intercropping. Semiochemical dispensers may also be used to attracted natural enemies into crops. Focusing on wheat (Triticum aestivum Linnaeus), several types of intercropping can be practiced with variable effects on pests and natural enemies. This PhD thesis focuses on the potential of wheat-pea (Pisum sativum Linnaeus) intercropping as a way to reduce aphid (Hemiptera: Aphididae) infestations. We firstly assessed the diversity of aphid and their parasitoid species in wheat and pea fields using yellow pan traps and in situ observations on plants. Whether several aphid species were trapped, only Sitobion avenae (Fabricius), Metopolophium dirhodum (Walker), Rhopalosiphum padi (Linnaeus) and Acyrthosiphon pisum (Harris) were found on wheat tillers and pea plants respectively. Regarding parasitoids, some species can use wheat and/or pea aphids as hosts. The first Belgian parasitoid species checklist was established, with the inclusion of four Aphidiinae (Hymenoptera: Braconidae) and three Aphelinus (Hymenoptera: Aphelinidae) species as new records. In terms of abundance, we firstly compared the effect of two types of wheat-pea intercropping (mixed and alternate strip cropping) on aphids and their natural enemies with pure stands of both crops. The mixture was particularly efficient to reduce pea aphid populations, while alternate strips were more suitable for the control of wheat aphids. However, natural enemies were more abundant in the pure stands, showing that additional methods may be needed to attract them more efficiently. One possibility is the use of semiochemicals dispensers. In another field study, we combined a wheat-pea mixture with methyl salicylate (MeSA) dispensers. This substance was selected due to its known attractive effect towards some aphid beneficials. Even though adult hoverflies (Diptera: Syrphidae) were not particularly attracted by the mixture combined with MeSA dispensers, they may have stimulated their oviposition behaviour. Also, mummified aphids were significantly more abundant in the pure stand of pea compared with the mixture (with and without MeSA). However, parasitism rates did not differ significantly between treatments. Beneficial effects of wheat-pea intercropping were clearly demonstrated for aphid control. Other agronomic aspects make this practice particularly interesting in low-input farming systems. These are discussed, along the limitations related to the use semiochemicals in field conditions. Perspectives for further research works are also proposed. [less ▲]Detailed reference viewed: 33 (11 ULg) Influence d'un programme de revalidation multidisciplinaire post-cancer du sein sur la fonction physiqueLeclerc, Anne-France ; Foidart-Dessalle, Marguerite ; BURY, Thierry et alin 9ème Congrès commun SFMES - SFTS : Abstract book (2016, September 22)Objectif : Le cancer du sein ainsi que ses traitements sont à l'origine de nombreux effets secondaires indésirables, notamment sur la fonction physique. Cette étude a pour objectif de déterminer les ... [more ▼]Objectif : Le cancer du sein ainsi que ses traitements sont à l'origine de nombreux effets secondaires indésirables, notamment sur la fonction physique. Cette étude a pour objectif de déterminer les bénéfices éventuels d’un programme de revalidation multidisciplinaire sur la santé physique des femmes ayant été traitées pour un cancer du sein et d'évaluer l'influence de certaines caractéristiques individuelles initiales sur la réponse du groupe expérimental au programme de revalidation. Matériel et méthodes : L'étude constitue un essai clinique contrôlé non-randomisé évaluant une population totale de 209 patientes, recrutées sur base du volontariat et réparties en deux groupes, soit un groupe contrôle (n = 106) et un groupe expérimental (n = 103). Ce dernier a bénéficié d’une revalidation de trois mois comprenant un entraînement physique supervisé à raison de trois séances par semaine et diverses sessions psycho-éducatives. Pour l'ensemble des participantes, des évaluations constituées d'une part de mesures physiques et fonctionnelles et d'autre part de mesures de composition corporelle ont été programmées à 0 et 3 mois. Celles-ci ont inclus un test de souplesse ("Sit and Reach"), un test d'effort maximal sur bicyclette ergométrique avec suivi cardio-respiratoire, un test de marche de six minutes et la mesure de l'indice de masse corporelle et du pourcentage de graisse corporelle. Afin d'affiner l'analyse, trois groupes ont également été constitués au sein du groupe expérimental à partir des caractéristiques individuelles de thérapie adjuvante (présence de chimiothérapie ou non), de chirurgie (mastectomie ou tumorectomie) et de délai de fin de traitement (délai ≤ 4 mois ou ≥ 8 mois). Résultats : Initialement, toutes les patientes présentent un état de déconditionnement physique, non influencé par le délai de fin de traitement ou par le type de chirurgie, mais bien influencé par la présence d'une chimiothérapie puisque la VO2max apparaît significativement plus faible dans ce cas. Au terme des trois mois, la souplesse (p < 0,0001), la consommation maximale d'oxygène (p < 0,0001), la puissance maximale aérobie (p < 0,0001) et la distance de marche en six minutes (p < 0,0001) s’améliorent significativement au sein du groupe expérimental. Au sein du groupe contrôle, aucune amélioration n'est constatée, excepté pour la distance de marche (p = 0,0031). Par ailleurs, une augmentation significative de l'indice de masse corporelle (p = 0,034) et du pourcentage de graisse corporelle (p = 0,034) est observée au sein du groupe contrôle alors que ce paramètre diminue significativement au sein du groupe expérimental (p = 0,037). Enfin, toutes les patientes du groupe expérimental présentent un même profil de progression quelles que soient leurs caractéristiques individuelles initiales. Conclusion : Cette étude démontre ainsi les effets bénéfiques, tant sur le plan physique que de la composition corporelle, d’une prise en charge multidisciplinaire chez des femmes ayant été traitées pour le cancer du sein. [less ▲]Detailed reference viewed: 36 (5 ULg) Glucose production: influence of the datasets choice on LCA resultsGerbinet, Saïcha ; Belboom, Sandra ; Léonard, Angélique Poster (2016, September 22)The aim of this study is to have a good understanding of the environmental impact of glucose production. Glucose is generally produced from corn or wheat. Since agricultural processes are known to be ... [more ▼]The aim of this study is to have a good understanding of the environmental impact of glucose production. Glucose is generally produced from corn or wheat. Since agricultural processes are known to be difficult to evaluate by LCA, the results obtained with two different LCA databases, Gabi and EcoInvent, are compared in this work. The production of glucose from raw materials can be divided in two steps: the agricultural step allowing the plant production, and the conversion step including the extraction of the starch from the plant and its hydrolysis into glucose. Preliminary results underline the high impact of the agricultural step, so a special attention has been paid to these data. Specific Belgian data collected by the Walloon Agricultural Research Centre (CRA-W) (2014) [1] have been used as primary data (yield, amount of fertilizers, etc.), either using EcoInvent or Gabi datasets background data to model fertilizers, diesel consumption, etc. A third model was built using only data available in Ecoinvent for corn and wheat cultures. For the conversion step, literature data have been used along with some industrial data. As few studies are available in the literature concerning starch hydrolysis, the focus has been placed on data validation (mass balance checks, cross-reference information, etc.). Based on these multiple sources, it is possible to compare the LCA results for the production of 1 kg of glucose for three different cases, summarized in the following table. Table 1: Summary of modelled cases Agricultural step Conversion steps Primary data Dataset Primary data Dataset Case 1 Belgian GaBi Literature + Industry GaBi Case 2 Belgian Ecoinvent Literature + Industry Ecoinvent Case 2 Ecoinvent Literature + Industry Ecoinvent The results obtained using these three models will be presented, at both the inventory and impact assessment steps. They show significant differences and highlight the need to understand in depth the involved assumptions when developing the datasets, in addition to the ones adopted for the inventory. [less ▲]Detailed reference viewed: 18 (1 ULg) GAVRAY Claire (2016) The evolution of boys’ and girls’ attitudes and moods at the light of their historical opportunities : the case of violence and depression -Gavray, Claire Conference (2016, September 22)depression mood and violent behaviour are linked as a common dynamic amongst female teenargers but not amongst male ones ( twho different paths for them). The roots of depression and violence are ... [more ▼]depression mood and violent behaviour are linked as a common dynamic amongst female teenargers but not amongst male ones ( twho different paths for them). The roots of depression and violence are connected to gender socialisation (importance of lack of recognition and negative life events in private sphere for girls and in public sphere for boys). [less ▲]Detailed reference viewed: 13 (0 ULg) Structure and Dynamics of Ge-Se Liquids and Glasses under PressureYildirim, Can Doctoral thesis (2016)Among network forming glasses, chalcogenide glasses are of great importance not only for their optoelectronic applications, but also for the network structure that displays enhanced structural variability ... [more ▼]Among network forming glasses, chalcogenide glasses are of great importance not only for their optoelectronic applications, but also for the network structure that displays enhanced structural variability due to the covalent bonding network. In this project, we study the Ge-Se binary alloy as the target system in order to investigate the structure and dynamics of the liquid and glassy phases under pressure by using a combination of ab initio molecular dynamics (AIMD) simulations and X-ray scattering experiments. The wide glass forming range of the GexSe100􀀀x system allows one to tune the stiffness of the network structure by increasing the mean coordination number with the Ge content which affects the macroscopic material properties such as resistance to aging, hardness, conductivity, and fragility. In this respect, we study 10 different AIMD generated and 5 experimentally produced (i.e melt quenching) compositions spanning the flexible-to-rigid elastic phase transitions according to Maxwell’s isostatic stability criterion. As for the liquid state, after having validated the structural models by comparing the experimental findings available, we examine the dynamics of Ge-Se melts at ambient pressure. The investigations on the diffusion coefficients and viscosity at 1050 K showed clear anomalies, departing from the expectation that atomic mobility should decrease as the system becomes more and more rigid. Furthermore, the relaxation behavior at 1050 K also shows similar anomalies when intermediate scattering factors are examined at q vector corresponding to the principal peak position of the total structure factor. To elucidate this anomaly, we discuss the effect of the topological constraints on the dynamics in liquid state. The results show that the isostatic systems have slower dynamics as compared to flexible and stressed rigid phases. Moreover, we speculate that the reason of this anomaly may originate from the distribution of the topological bond bending constraints of the higher coordinated species (i.e. Ge) results. In particular, the flexible, and stressed rigid compositions showed a high variance in the Ge bond bending constraints whereas the isostatic composition forms a network in which the bond bending constraints are homogeneously distributed. We link this behavior with a global fragility concept for network forming liquids in such a way that fragility minima are obtained both by experimental findings and the calculated fragility values of the AIMD generated compositions (i.e. VFT or MYEGA fits) when scaled to the isostatic composition for a number of different systems. As for the glassy phase, the AIMD generated structural models show good agreement in both real and reciprocal space. The equation of state and normalized stress-strain curves are compared to the available experiments in order to verify the pressure behavior of the simulations. The results show a good agreement. In addition to the simulations under pressure, we show results of X-ray absorption spectroscopy (XAS) and X-ray diffraction (XRD) experiments under pressure. Both simulations and the experiments show that there are no sign of crystallization during compression up to 42 GPa. One of the main important finding is the evolution of the Ge-Se bond length for the compositions studied. We observe a bond compression in the early stages of densification in the phase identified as low density amorphous (LDA), which is followed by an abrupt jump starting in pressures around 10-15 GPa, both in simulations and experiments. Furthermore, a semiconductor to metal transition is identified with the red shift in Ge K edge energy. The features of polyamorphism was also detected from the pressure evolution of the principal peak position of the structure factor which show two distinct slopes indicating different structural response to the applied pressure. In order to have a deeper understanding of the densification mechanisms, we apply neighbor analyses to our atomic trajectories and show that the tetrahedral to octahedral transformation (i.e LDA to HDA) starts to take place when the fifth and sixth neighbors effectively become the part of first shell neighbors, where the bond angles adapt themselves to 90 degrees. We furthermore speculate the effect of network rigidity of the glasses at ambient conditions onto the kinetics of the amorphous-amorphous transitions. It appears that the polyamorphic transitions are more sluggish as the network rigidity (i.e Ge content) increases. Finally we show that there is a universal threshold value in coordination change from LDA to HDA phases GexSe100􀀀x (where x 25) when scaled to reduced densities. [less ▲]Detailed reference viewed: 42 (4 ULg) Coupled Boltzmann Equation Solver: Effects of the Electron-Phonon Interaction on the Transport CoefficientsPike, Nicholas ; Dewandre, Antoine ; Verstraete, Matthieu Scientific conference (2016, September 22)Recent experimental and theoretical calculations point to a complex interplay between the electron and phonon baths in a wide variety of materials [1,2]. We propose a method of coupling the Boltzmann ... [more ▼]Recent experimental and theoretical calculations point to a complex interplay between the electron and phonon baths in a wide variety of materials [1,2]. We propose a method of coupling the Boltzmann equations for the electron and phonon baths within the relaxation time approximation which we use to calculate the thermoelectric transport coefficients. Our model for the coupled Boltzmann Equation solver includes analytic models, including ${\bf k \cdot p}$ Hamiltonians and tight-binding Hamiltonians, for both the electron and phonon energies and analytic models for the electron and phonon relaxation mechanisms. From these calculations we hope to better understand the role and interplay of electron-phonon and phonon-phonon interactions on the thermoelectric transport coefficients. [1] - Phys. Rev. Lett. ${\bf 114}$, 115901 (2015). [2] - PNAS ${\bf 112}$, 14777-14782 (2015). [less ▲]Detailed reference viewed: 68 (2 ULg) Carbon xerogels: model materials to study the behavior of hard carbons as anodes for lithium-ion batteriesPiedboeuf, Marie-Laure ; Léonard, Alexandre ; Job, Nathalie Conference (2016, September 22)Detailed reference viewed: 9 (0 ULg) REFINEMENT OF PERI-ANAESTHESIA PRACTICES FOR LABORATORY ANIMAL CAREThomas, Aurélie Doctoral thesis (2016)Detailed reference viewed: 4 (2 ULg) Competition of phonon and magnon effects in the temperature dependence of spinwave stiffnessOstler, Thomas ; Verstraete, Matthieu ; Di Gennaro, Marco et alConference (2016, September 21)Magnons are the elementary magnetic excitations in ordered solids. Understanding such collective excitations is important for a number of technologically relevant fields, such as, magnonics [1] or spin ... [more ▼]Magnons are the elementary magnetic excitations in ordered solids. Understanding such collective excitations is important for a number of technologically relevant fields, such as, magnonics [1] or spin caloritronics [2]. The central interactions in spin caloritronics are the couplings of phonons with electrons and spin degrees of freedom. Furthermore, understanding the effects of temperature on the phonon and spin degrees of freedom adds a further complexity. In the present work we have developed a multiscale model of ferromagnetic materials and demonstrate the effect of temperature dependent phonon displacements on the magnons spectra. Our results show that the for Fe and Ni the effect of phonon displacements acts to reduce the Curie temperature, whereas for Permalloy the opposite is true due to an increased long-ranged exchange interaction. This increased exchange interaction results in an increasing spin-wave stiffness with increasing temperature, overcoming the usual decrease due to magnon softening. To determine the effects of increasing the phonon temperature we have developed a multiscale model whereby we begin by calculating the thermal displacement of phonons, $\sqrt{\langle u^2(T) \rangle}$, calculated using the phonopy software package [3] using electronic ground state and phonon properties determined using the ABINIT software package [4]. Then the exchange constants are determined using the SPRKKR package [5]. Finally, we use linear spin wave theory to determine the effect of the phonon temperature on the exchange alone, demonstrating an increasing frequency of the acoustic magnon branch. We take into account the thermal effects of the magnetic system through the use of the atomistic spin dynamics approach. Magnon softening due to thermal effects demonstrates a more modest increase in the exchange stiffness (over the purely phononic effect), however, an overall increase is still observed. \newline \newline [1] A. V. Chumak, V. I. Vasyuchka, A. A. Serga, and B. Hillebrands, Nature Physics, {\bf 11}, 453–461 (2015). \newline [2] G. E. W. Bauer, E. Saitoh, and B. J. van Wees, Nature Materials {\bf 11}, 391 (2012). \newline [3] Atsushi Togo and Isao Tanaka, Scr. Mater., {\bf 108}, 1-5 (2015) \newline [4] X. Gonze \textit{et al.} Computer Physics Communications {\bf 180}, 2582-2615 (2009). \newline [5] T. Huhne \textit{at al.} Physical Review B, {\bf 58}, 10236 (1998). [less ▲]Detailed reference viewed: 60 (1 ULg) A Phenotypic and Genotypic Analysis of the Antimicrobial Potential of Cultivable Streptomyces Isolated from Cave Moonmilk DepositsMaciejewska, Marta ; Adam, Delphine; Martinet, Loïc et alin Frontiers in Microbiology (2016)Detailed reference viewed: 13 (2 ULg) Die Familie von Medem. Zur Verbindung von Bildung, Literatur und Politik in KurlandLeyh, Valérie Conference (2016, September 21)Detailed reference viewed: 12 (0 ULg) L’anosognosie dans la maladie d’Alzheimer: Soi, mémoire et jugementGenon, Sarah Speech/Talk (2016)Detailed reference viewed: 16 (1 ULg) Synthesis of poly(ionic liquid)-type nanogels, by cobalt-mediated radical cross-linking copolymerization for coating applicationsWeiss-Maurin, Mathilde Doctoral thesis (2016)To answer the increasing demand for long-lasting antibacterial polymeric coatings, this thesis explores a straightforward synthetic approach to cationically charged nanogels by cobalt-mediated radical ... [more ▼]To answer the increasing demand for long-lasting antibacterial polymeric coatings, this thesis explores a straightforward synthetic approach to cationically charged nanogels by cobalt-mediated radical cross-linking copolymerization (CMRCcP), thus expanding previous works on the cobalt-mediated radical polymerization of poly(ionic liquid)s, or PILs. This method involves a vinyl monomer and a divinyl cross-linker, in presence of a complex of Cobalt(III) playing the role of both the initiator and the controlling agent. The syntheses of globular nanogels were first investigated under mild conditions, using a mono- and a divinyl co-monomer with similar reactivities. CMRCcP was implemented on either neutral (vinyl acetate (VAc) and divinyl adipate (DVA)) co-monomers, or hydrophilic (bromide-containing) ionic liquid co-monomers. Control over each polymerization was ascertained, and dormant cobalt-carbon chain-ends could be re-activated to form “second-generation” nanogels. CMRCcP of N-vinyl-3-ethyl imidazolium bromide (VEtImBr) and 1,13-divinyl-3-decyl diimidazolium bromide (DVImBr) was achieved in water at 30 °C, leading to hydrophilic poly(VEtImBr-co-DVImBr) nanogels. The antibacterial activity of these cross-linked structures was investigated, and an effect of architecture is detected. The hydrophobic pendants of these PIL-based nanogels were synthesized via direct CMRCcP in ethyl acetate, using bis(trifluromethanesulfonyl)imide (NTf2-) counter anions. An array of these poly(VEtImNTf2-co-DVImNTf2) nanogels was then investigated as possible coatings for porous patterned surfaces. Thin films of hydrophobic PIL-based nanogels were also evaluated in ionic conductivity tests. “Second-generation” nanogels exhibited better ionic conductivity, and were able to form better organized porous patterned surfaces than “first-generation” nanogels. Different cross-linked architecture were approached, using a mono- and a divinyl co-monomers of completely different reactivities: synthesizing poly(VEtImBr-co-DVA) nanogels met limited success, while copolymerizing VAc and DVImBr yielded too low conversion. A two-step arm-first process was implemented to form star-like poly(VEtImNTf2-co-DVImNTf2) nanogels with PVAc arms. [less ▲]Detailed reference viewed: 19 (4 ULg) Dealing with storm impacts on the forest sector through integrated and systemic approaches at the regional levelRiguelle, Simon Doctoral thesis (2016)Wind is one the most damaging natural hazard that forests are facing worldwide and in Europe. Destructive storms lead to severe forest damage and consequently cause disruptions in daily forest management ... [more ▼]Wind is one the most damaging natural hazard that forests are facing worldwide and in Europe. Destructive storms lead to severe forest damage and consequently cause disruptions in daily forest management and timber supply chains. Major dysfunctions can happen at each step of forest-wood chains and at each level of management, leading to huge economic losses and long-lasting crises within public organisations and private companies. In this context, the first part of this work aims at handling those complex and multi-facetted storm-related issues with new approaches in order to mitigate economic, environmental and societal impacts of storms on the forest-based sector. In a first step, an overview of risk management practices in forestry is presented, as well as major determinants of storm damage risk management. SWOT analyses are also used for highlighting main issues and opportunities in current windthrow management process. In a second step, an integrated framework is proposed for tackling those strategic issues and seizing opportunities arising from the uncertain decision-making context. A systemic perspective is also presented for managing storm damage risk at regional, national or supranational level with a holistic perspective. In regards to those original approaches, the thesis also highlights some of the crucial challenges public authorities might address for enhancing their affectivity in this process. In the second part of the manuscript, three particular aspects of storm damage management are considered: contingency planning, the development of decision-supporting tools for the forest community, and timber storage planning at the regional level. Those topics are illustrated by case studies taking place in Wallonia, Belgium. In particular, the development of a model-based decision support system (DSS) illustrate how systemic analysis can help on the one hand designing balanced strategies for the regional forest-based sector in case of severe wind damage and on the other hand identifying bottlenecks that should be solved before the next huge storm to enhance systemic resilience and resistance. Regarding timber conservation, a GIS-based methodology for locating optimal areas for sprinkling storage at the regional scale is presented, together with an applied study on the influence of anaerobic storage process on the quality of spruce logs. From a wider perspective, this thesis reveals that taking decision under uncertainty will remain a key challenge to address in forestry, especially in the context of climatic change. However, original methodologies focusing on systemic and integrated risk management approaches can help in this effort. Finally, the work emphasises the urgent need of effective risk management policies at regional, national, and international levels to guide researchers, forest managers and industrials. [less ▲]Detailed reference viewed: 31 (4 ULg) La lutte contre le jihadisme et l' 'Etat islamique' : le cadre de droit constitutionnelBehrendt, Christian Scientific conference (2016, September 20)Conférence donnée lors de la Journée d'étude du "Centre d'Etude de Droit militaire et de Droit de la Guerre" de l'Ecole Royale Militaire, Bruxelles, campus de l'Ecole Royale Militaire, 20 septembre 2016.Detailed reference viewed: 40 (5 ULg) Relationships between mind-wandering, personal goals processing, and future thinking.Stawarczyk, David ; D'Argembeau, Arnaud Conference (2016, September 20)Mind-wandering refers to the occurrence of thoughts whose content is both decoupled from stimuli present in the immediate environment and unrelated to the task currently being carried out. Although this ... [more ▼]Mind-wandering refers to the occurrence of thoughts whose content is both decoupled from stimuli present in the immediate environment and unrelated to the task currently being carried out. Although this phenomenon has been the object of increasing interest from the scientific community during le last decade, proportionally few studies have attempted to clearly determine the form, content, and possible functions of this particular kind of cognitions. In this presentation, we will review recent evidence from studies mainly performed in our lab suggesting that most instances of mind-wandering refer to the anticipation and planning of future events and are also closely related to the processing of personal goals. More specifically, we will first discuss the findings from behavioral research that examined the phenomenological features of mind-wandering with the use of experience sampling procedures during laboratory tasks. Results of these studies mainly revealed that most of reported mind-wandering episodes are temporally oriented towards the future and that this ‘prospective bias’ can be increased when participants’ attention had been oriented toward their personal goals prior to performing the tasks. We will next review the results of neuroimaging studies that investigated the neural correlates of mind-wandering and we will more specifically focus on meta-analytic evidences suggesting that the neural correlates of mind-wandering strongly overlap with those associated with episodic future thinking and personal goal processing. Together, these results suggest that mind-wandering may have an important adaptive value and could in particular play a key role in planning and preparing for upcoming events related to the individuals’ personal goals. [less ▲]Detailed reference viewed: 49 (1 ULg) Activité professionnelle et santé cognitive des retraités : le rôle de la stimulation sociale et mentaleGrotz, Catherine ; Adam, Stéphane ; Meillon, céline et alPoster (2016, September 20)Detailed reference viewed: 17 (2 ULg)