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See detailLes tensions entre langue et politique en Belgique: linguistiques ou communautaires?
Dassargues, Alix ULg; Perrez, Julien ULg; Reuchamps, Min ULg

in Revue Internationale de Politique Comparée (in press)

Since its creation in 1830, Belgium has experienced tensions between language and politics. The question of the linguistic or community-related nature of these tensions should be raised since they have ... [more ▼]

Since its creation in 1830, Belgium has experienced tensions between language and politics. The question of the linguistic or community-related nature of these tensions should be raised since they have regularly been referred to as linguistic by some researchers and as community-related by others. But the choice of these adjectives is not unimportant considering they frame the representations of the political issues at hand. The aim of this article is to tackle this question from the combined perspective of linguistics and political science. In the first, the article explores the genealogy of the adjectives ‘linguistic’ and ‘community-related’ as well as the multiplicity of their uses in the scientific literature. In the second part, it focuses on the ways citizens see and talk about Belgian federalism through the respective analyses of their mental representations and their conceptual metaphors. Such interdisciplinary endeavour, bringing together theoretical and empirical insights, seeks to yield a renewed understanding of the political relations in Belgium and to contribute to the debate about plurilingual societies. [less ▲]

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See detailJouer, chanter et danser pour Isis
Veymiers, Richard ULg

in Gasparini, Valentino; Veymiers, Richard (Eds.) The Agents of Isiac Cults. Proceedings of the VIth International Conference of Isis Studies, Erfurt, May 6-8 2013 – Liège, September 23-24 2013 (in press)

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See detailDefensins: « simple » antimicrobial peptides or broad-spectrum molecules ?
Suarez-Carmona, Meggy ULg; Hubert, Pascale ULg; Delvenne, Philippe ULg et al

in Cytokine & Growth Factor Reviews (in press)

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See detailAura
Durand, Pascal ULg

E-print/Working paper (in press)

Entrée du Lexique Socius sur le concept d'Aura chez Walter Benjamin

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See detailSe faire « manger par l’autre ». Stratégie féminines d’affirmation de soi en contexte public.
Mescoli, Elsa ULg

in Etrangers au Maghreb. Maghrébins à l’étranger : politiques publiques à l’épreuve de la société civile : XIXe-XXIe siècles. Actes du colloque. (in press)

Cette communication vise à étudier la participation des femmes migrantes marocaines à la vie sociale du « pays d’accueil » ; participation qui se réalise grâce aux activités de la vie quotidienne. En ... [more ▼]

Cette communication vise à étudier la participation des femmes migrantes marocaines à la vie sociale du « pays d’accueil » ; participation qui se réalise grâce aux activités de la vie quotidienne. En particulier, la performance publique des pratiques culinaires, observée dans une ville de la province de Milan, permet aux femmes considérées d’exercer une agency à l’intérieur des espaces institutionnellement concédés à l’expression des migrants. D’un côté, la consommation des « recettes de l’Autre » de la part de la population majoritaire détermine une incorporation de la diversité afin de la contrôler. De l’autre côté, la préparation de ces recettes consent aux migrantes d’exprimer leur subjectivité (individuelle et collective) de façon active et en présentant des aspects qui vont au-delà de la culture alimentaire. Une participation sociale fondée sur le partage de nourriture donne la possibilité aux femmes d’assumer un rôle actif dans la communauté locale, tout en affirmant ses propres spécificités. Des sujets tels que la liberté religieuse sont abordés, et certains droits peuvent être réclamés par des individus qui ont ainsi acquis une position politiquement importante au sein de la société locale. [less ▲]

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See detailAn XFEM/CZM implementation for massively parallel simulations of composites fracture
Vigueras, Guillermo; Sket, Federico; Samaniego, Cristobal et al

in Composite Structures (in press)

Because of their widely spread use in many industries, composites are the subject of many research campaigns. More particularly, the development of both accurate and flexible numerical models able to ... [more ▼]

Because of their widely spread use in many industries, composites are the subject of many research campaigns. More particularly, the development of both accurate and flexible numerical models able to capture their intrinsically multiscale modes of failure is still a challenge. The standard finite element method typically requires intensive remeshing to adequately capture the geometry of the cracks and high accuracy is thus often sacrificed in favor of scalability, and vice versa. In an effort to preserve both properties, we present here an extended finite element method (XFEM) for large scale composite fracture simulations. In this formulation, the standard FEM formulation is partially enriched by use of shifted Heaviside functions with special attention paid to the scalability of the scheme. This enrichment technique offers several benefits, since the interpolation property of the standard shape function still holds at the nodes. Those benefits include (i) no extra boundary condition for the enrichment degree of freedom, and (ii) no need for transition/blending regions; both of which contribute to maintain the scalability of the code. Two different cohesive zone models (CZM) are then adopted to capture the physics of the crack propagation mechanisms. At the intralaminar level, an extrinsic CZM embedded in the XFEM formulation is used. At the interlaminar level, an intrinsic CZM is adopted for predicting the failure. The overall framework is implemented in ALYA, a mechanics code specifically developed for large scale, massively parallel simulations of coupled multi-physics problems. The implementation of both intrinsic and extrinsic CZM models within the code is such that it conserves the extremely efficient scalability of ALYA while providing accurate physical simulations of computationally expensive phenomena. The strong scalability provided by the proposed implementation is demonstrated. The model is ultimately validated against a full experimental campaign of loading tests and X-ray tomography analyses for a chosen very large scale. [less ▲]

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See detailA probabilistic model for predicting the uncertainties of the humid stiction phenomenon on hard materials
Hoang Truong, Vinh ULg; Wu, Ling ULg; Paquay, Stéphane et al

in Journal of Computational & Applied Mathematics (in press)

Stiction is a major failure in microelectromechanical system (MEMS) devices in which two contacting surfaces can remain stuck together because of the adhesive forces. Due to the difference between the ... [more ▼]

Stiction is a major failure in microelectromechanical system (MEMS) devices in which two contacting surfaces can remain stuck together because of the adhesive forces. Due to the difference between the surfaces roughness and the adhesive force range, the real contact areas are usually smaller than the apparent one, resulting in a scatter in the adhesive forces. Consequently, the stiction is an uncertain phenomenon. In this work, we develop a probabilistic model to predict the uncertainties of stiction due to the capillary forces acting on stiff materials. This model contains two levels: at the deterministic level, the model can predict the pull-out adhesive contact forces for a given surface topology; at the probabilistic level, the model generates independent identically distributed surfaces on which the deterministic solution can be applied to evaluate the uncertainties related to the stiction phenomenon. [less ▲]

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See detailBehavioural Diagnosis of Disorders of Consciousness
Thibaut, Aurore ULg; Di Perri, Carol ULg; Bodart, Olivier ULg et al

in Rossetti, Andrea; Laureys, Steven (Eds.) Clinical Neurophysiology in Disorders of Consciousness (in press)

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See detailLe Portrait d'homme en armure de Giovanni Gerolamo Savoldo, un portrait présumé de Gaston de Foix
Fagnart, Laure ULg

in Barreto, Joana (Ed.) Actes de la journée d'études Voir Gaston de Foix. La construction paradoxale d'un mythe national (in press)

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See detailLouise de Savoie (1476-1531)
Brioist, Pascal; Fagnart, Laure ULg; Michon, Cédric

Book published by Presses universitaires François-Rabelais de Tours / Presses universitaires de Rennes (in press)

Blâmée par Jules Michelet, en raison d'un goût que l'historien du XIXe siècle estime trop prononcé pour les intrigues, Louise de Savoie (1476-1531) est sans conteste l'une des personnalités les plus ... [more ▼]

Blâmée par Jules Michelet, en raison d'un goût que l'historien du XIXe siècle estime trop prononcé pour les intrigues, Louise de Savoie (1476-1531) est sans conteste l'une des personnalités les plus fascinantes de la première Modernité européenne. Comtesse puis duchesse d'Angoulême, Louise n'est pas seulement la mère de deux illustres enfants, Marguerite et François, futur François Ier. Elle se charge de leur éducation ; une fois son fils devenu le roi de France, elle devient un conseiller des plus influents, avant d'assurer, à deux reprises, la régence du royaume. Amatrice d'art et bibliophile avertie, son action concerne encore la musique, la littérature et l'architecture. Les textes rassemblés dans cet ouvrage - issu d'un colloque tenu, en décembre 2010, à Romorantin-Lanthenay, où Louise possédait le château et des terres sur lesquelles Léonard de Vinci avait projeté d'édifier une ville nouvelle pour la cour - ambitionnent de passer en revue tant les aspects biographiques du personnage, que son action dans le champ politique, religieux et culturel. [less ▲]

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See detail« Observation relative au poème Un Coup de Dés jamais n’abolira le Hasard par Stéphane Mallarmé » : une préface d’un nouveau genre ?
Durand, Pascal ULg

in Björn-Olav, Dozo; Saint-Amand, Denis (Eds.) Jeux et enjeux de la préface (in press)

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See detailThe aerodynamic cost of head morphology in bats: maybe not as bad as it seems
Vanderelst, Dieter; Peremans, Herbert; Abdul Razak, Norizham et al

in PLoS ONE (in press)

At first sight, echolocating bats face a difficult trade-off. As flying animals, they would benefit from a streamlined geometric shape to reduce aerodynamic drag and increase flight efficiency. However ... [more ▼]

At first sight, echolocating bats face a difficult trade-off. As flying animals, they would benefit from a streamlined geometric shape to reduce aerodynamic drag and increase flight efficiency. However, as echolocating animals, their pinnae generate the acoustic cues necessary for navigation and foraging. Moreover, species emitting sound through their nostrils often feature elaborate noseleaves that help in focussing the emitted echolocation pulses. Both pinnae and noseleaves reduce the streamlined character of a bat’s morphology. It is generally assumed that by compromising the streamlined charactered of the geometry, the head morphology generates substantial drag, thereby reducing flight efficiency. In contrast, it has also been suggested that the pinnae of bats generate lift forces counteracting the detrimental effect of the increased drag. However, very little data exist on the aerodynamic properties of bat pinnae and noseleaves. In this work, the aerodynamic forces generated by the heads of seven species of bats, including noseleaved bats, are measured by testing detailed 3D models in a wind tunnel. Models of Myotis daubentonii, Macrophyllum macrophyllum, Micronycteris microtis, Eptesicus fuscus, Rhinolophus formosae, Rhinolophus rouxi and Phyllostomus discolor are tested. The results confirm that non-streamlined facial morphologies yield considerable drag forces but also generate substantial lift. The net effect is a slight increase in the lift-to-drag ratio. Therefore, there is no evidence of high aerodynamic costs associated with the morphology of bat heads [less ▲]

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See detailWelcome to papers from the Second International Meeting of Agora Paleobotanica
Cascales - Miñana, Borja ULg; Diez, José B.

in Historical Biology (in press)

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See detailNew palaeobotanical data from the Lower Devonian of Mezquita de Loscos (Teruel Province, Spain)
Cascales - Miñana, Borja ULg; Rial, Gonzalo; Xue, Jinzhuang et al

in Historical Biology (in press)

Recent fieldwork has uncovered three new localities from the Lower Devonian of Mezquita de Loscos (Teruel Province, Spain) with further plant mega-fossils and the first record of micro-fossils. Such plant ... [more ▼]

Recent fieldwork has uncovered three new localities from the Lower Devonian of Mezquita de Loscos (Teruel Province, Spain) with further plant mega-fossils and the first record of micro-fossils. Such plant remains have been interpreted as belonging to a basal euphyllophyte, Taeniocrada-like stems, Hostinella genus and paired sporangia. Fourteen spore taxa were recovered, including Ambitisporites, Aneurospora, Brochotriletes, Chelinospora, Emphanisporites, Gneudnaspora and Retusotriletres, among others. New evidence confirms a Lochkovian age for this outcrop and suggests that the plant diversity was more complex than originally documented. © 2014 © 2014 Taylor & Francis. [less ▲]

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See detailExploring the major depletions of conodont diversity during the Triassic
Martínez-Pérez, Carlos; Cascales - Miñana, Borja ULg; Plasencia, Pablo et al

in Historical Biology (in press)

In this paper, we show that the Triassic fossil record reflects just two great depletions of conodont diversity before the Rhaetian, which occurred in the Smithian (Olenekian, Early Triassic) and in the ... [more ▼]

In this paper, we show that the Triassic fossil record reflects just two great depletions of conodont diversity before the Rhaetian, which occurred in the Smithian (Olenekian, Early Triassic) and in the Julian (Carnian, Late Triassic). By exploring this context, our results highlighted that they respond to different origination-extinction dynamics. Thus, while the Smithian diversity depletion can be interpreted as a consequence of elevated extinction, the Julian diversity depletion was triggered by fluctuations in origination regime. This evidence suggests that, despite the role of extinction on diversity losses, conodonts suffered crucial changes on the origination regimes during the Late Triassic which triggered these events. Notwithstanding, our results indicate that the end-Triassic diversity depletion of conodonts was produced by background extinction levels in a context of lower origination. This suggests that several biological factors, rather than a unique, environmental and/or cyclic cause, could have influenced the evolutionary history of conodonts during the Triassic. © 2014 © 2014 Taylor & Francis. [less ▲]

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See detailTransnational Ageing and the ‘Zero Generation’: The Role of Moroccan Migrants’ Parents in Care Circulation
Zickgraf, Caroline ULg

in Journal of Ethnic and Migration Studies (in press)

This article emphasizes the impacts of international migration on ageing processes and norms within transnational families, and, specifically, analyses the roles of the zero generation, defined as the ... [more ▼]

This article emphasizes the impacts of international migration on ageing processes and norms within transnational families, and, specifically, analyses the roles of the zero generation, defined as the parents of first-generation migrants (Nedelcu 2009), both as non-migrant counterparts to their children abroad and as ageing migrants themselves. Transnational caregiving research has demonstrated that for many migrants and their families care arrangements must be negotiated across national borders, yet the agency of transnational older adults has been largely neglected. Based on qualitative fieldwork conducted from 2011 to 2013 in Liège, Belgium and Oujda, Morocco, the present article examines the circulation of care between Moroccan adult migrants and their ageing ascendants. This article exposes the duality of migrants’ ascendants as care givers and recipients, asserting firstly, that receiving care is not synonymous with passivity, and that, secondly, migrants’ ascendants are also the initiators of transnational practices. In both roles, this article underlines mobility as a strategy used by migrants’ parents to maintain family solidarity across national borders, but that this care mobility is limited by macro-level migration policies, here exemplified by the Belgian migration regime. [less ▲]

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See detailThe Implications of Socio-Economic Background for Moroccan Transnational Family Practices
Zickgraf, Caroline ULg

in Rial, Carmen; Vailati, Alex (Eds.) Rich Immigrants:Gender, Age, and Ethnicity (in press)

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See detailLe marché des radicaux libres. Sur quelques conditions médiatiques de la posture « néo-réactionnaire ».
Durand, Pascal ULg

in Quaderni : la Revue de la Communication (in press)

L’énorme succès de librairie obtenu par Éric Zemmour avec Le Suicide français, les polémiques ayant entouré l’élection d’Alain Finkielkraut à l’Académie, les mesures prises par un Robert Ménard élu à la ... [more ▼]

L’énorme succès de librairie obtenu par Éric Zemmour avec Le Suicide français, les polémiques ayant entouré l’élection d’Alain Finkielkraut à l’Académie, les mesures prises par un Robert Ménard élu à la mairie de Béziers avec le soutien du FN ou, plus récemment encore, les controverses déclenchées, avant même sa parution, par le sixième roman de Michel Houellebecq (Soumission) viennent de remettre à l’ordre du jour une « querelle » qui, depuis l’Enquête sur les nouveaux réactionnaires publiée par Daniel Lindenberg (2002), n’a cessé de se relancer en des contextes nouveaux. Pour médiocre qu’il soit apparu aux yeux de beaucoup, à commencer par ceux qu’il prenait pour cibles, ce bref essai n’en pointait pas moins quelques problématiques appelées à s’installer durablement sur la scène publique. Au nom d’une lutte contre la « gauche morale » et le « politiquement correct », les charges se sont en effet multipliées jusqu’à nous contre les effets de la « pensée 68 » et de la théorie critique, l’État culturel et la culture de masse, la doxa des droits de l’homme et le libéralisme moral, l’antiracisme et le multiculturalisme, ou bien encore le déclin de l’École et des valeurs républicaines. Forgée sur le modèle des « nouveaux philosophes » et de la « nouvelle droite » des années 1970-1980, l’appellation « nouveaux réactionnaires » procède bien évidemment d’une construction médiatique et polémique, et comme telle paraît bien peu définissable au-delà des coups de force dont elle est le produit autant que le vecteur. Si extensible qu’elle paraisse, et peut-être bien pour cette raison même, elle ne s’est pas moins intégrée, qu’on le veuille ou non, au vocabulaire politique et médiatique courant. Et s'il n’est pas sûr que le phénomène qu'elle recouvre relève à proprement parler d’une histoire des idées, au-delà des controverses idéologiques qui l’ont imposé comme entité collective et qu’il continue de nourrir, ce phénomène n’en constitue pas moins, et à deux titres, un fait identifiable au sein du discours social : en tant qu’il est l’un des produits polémiques de certaines régions de ce discours et en tant qu’il fait bien entendre, dans ce discours, une rhétorique particulière, qui a ses ressorts, ses supports, son histoire. Après avoir pris deux points de vue historiques sur ce phénomène — à longue et courte portée — et évoqué, à la lumière d’une réflexion ouverte par Luc Boltanski et Arnaud Esquerre, ce qui semble le relier à certaines transformations du champ politique de la France des années 2000-2010, l'article met en évidence quelques-unes des transformations de l'espace médiatique et éditorial susceptibles de favoriser sa montée en force dans l'espace public et la capacité qu'ont ses représentants les plus visibles de désigner, au moins nominalement, un certain nombre de problématiques « politiques » et d'urgences « sociales » ou « culturelles » dont il s'agirait de se saisir. [less ▲]

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See detail« Left Behind »? Le rôle des non-migrants dans les dynamiques de soins transnationales
Zickgraf, Caroline ULg

in Bousetta, Hassan; Jacquemain, Marc; Martiniello, Marco (Eds.) et al Transnationalisme, dynamique des identités et diversification culturelle dans les villes post-migratoires (in press)

Detailed reference viewed: 8 (0 ULg)