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See detailIntensive enteral nutrition is ineffective for individuals with severe alcoholic hepatitis treated with corticosteroids.
Moreno, C; Deltenre, P; Senterre, C et al

in Gastroenterology (2016), 150

BACKGROUND & AIMS: Severe alcoholic hepatitis (AH) is a lifethreatening disease for which adequate oral nutritional support is recommended. We performed a randomized controlled trial to determine whether ... [more ▼]

BACKGROUND & AIMS: Severe alcoholic hepatitis (AH) is a lifethreatening disease for which adequate oral nutritional support is recommended. We performed a randomized controlled trial to determine whether the combination of corticosteroid and intensive enteral nutrition therapy is more effective than corticosteroid therapy alone in patients with severe AH. METHODS: We enrolled 136 heavy consumers of alcohol (age, 18–75 y) with recent onset of jaundice and biopsy-proven severe AH in our study, performed at 18 hospitals in Belgium and 2 in France, from February 2010 through February 2013. Subjects were assigned randomly (1:1) to groups that received either intensive enteral nutrition plus methylprednisolone or conventional nutrition plus methylprednisolone (controls). In the intensive enteral nutrition group, enteral nutrition was given via feeding tube for 14 days. The primary end point was patient survival for 6 months. RESULTS: In an intention-to-treat analysis, we found no significant difference between groups in 6-month cumulative mortality: 44.4% of patients died in the intensive enteral nutrition group (95% confidence interval [CI], 32.2%–55.9%) and 52.1% of controls died (95% CI, 39.4%– 63.4%) (P ¼ .406). The enteral feeding tube was withdrawn prematurely from 48.5% of patients, and serious adverse events considered to be related to enteral nutrition occurred in 5 patients. Regardless of group, a greater proportion of patients with a daily calorie intake less than 21.5 kcal/kg/day died (65.8%; 95% CI, 48.8–78.4) than patients with a higher intake of calories (33.1%; 95% CI, 23.1%–43.4%) (P < .001). CONCLUSIONS: In a randomized trial of patients with severe AH treated with corticosteroids, we found that intensive enteral nutrition was difficult to implement and did not increase survival. However, low daily energy intake was associated with greater mortality, so adequate nutritional intake should be a main goal for treatment. [less ▲]

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See detailOsteoarthritic sclerotic subchondral osteoblasts secreted elevated concentration of fibulin-3 fragments in vitro
Sanchez, Christelle ULg; Lambert, Cécile ULg; Comblain, Fanny ULg et al

in Osteoarthritis and Cartilage (2016, April), 24(suppl 1), 83

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See detailA Refined Method for Estimating the Global Hölder Exponent
Nicolay, Samuel ULg; Kreit, Damien

in Latifi, Shahram (Ed.) Information Technology: New Generations (2016, April)

In this paper, we recall basic results we have obtained about generalized Hölder spaces and present a wavelet characterization that holds under more general hypothesis than previously stated. This ... [more ▼]

In this paper, we recall basic results we have obtained about generalized Hölder spaces and present a wavelet characterization that holds under more general hypothesis than previously stated. This theoretical tool gives rise to a method for estimating the global Hölder exponent which seems to be more precise than other wavelet-based approaches. This work should prove helpful for estimating long range correlations. [less ▲]

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See detailFragmented Territories: Incomplete Enclosures and Agrarian Change on the Agricultural Frontier of Samlaut District, North-West Cambodia
Diepart, Jean-Christophe ULg; Sem, Thol

in Journal of Agrarian Change (2016)

In Cambodia, the interactions between large-scale land investment and land titling gathered particular momentum in 2012–13, when the government initiated an unprecedented upland land titling programme in ... [more ▼]

In Cambodia, the interactions between large-scale land investment and land titling gathered particular momentum in 2012–13, when the government initiated an unprecedented upland land titling programme in an attempt to address land tenure insecurity where large-scale land investment overlaps with land appropriated by peasants. This paper is based on a spatially explicit ethnography of land rights conducted in the Samlaut district of north-west Cambodia – a former Khmer Rouge resistance stronghold – in a context where the enclosures are both incomplete and entangled with post-war, socially embedded land tenure systems. We discuss how this new pattern of fragmentation affects the prevailing dynamics of agrarian change. We argue that it has introduced new forms of exclusion and a generalized perception of land tenure uncertainty that is managed by peasants through the actualization of hybrid land tenure arrangements borrowing from state rules and local consensus. In contrast with common expectations about land formalization, the process reinforces the patterns of social differentiation initiated by land rent capture practices of early migrants and pushes more vulnerable peasants into seeking wage labour and resorting to job migration. [less ▲]

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See detailNew elicitors as biocontrol tools to protect wheat against Septoria Tritici Blotch
Le Mire, Géraldine ULg; SIAH, Ali; Jijakli, Haissam ULg

Poster (2016, April)

Wheat is one of the most cultivated crops in the European Union. This cereal must however face important losses every year due to a major foliar disease known as Septoria Tritici Blotch (STB) caused by ... [more ▼]

Wheat is one of the most cultivated crops in the European Union. This cereal must however face important losses every year due to a major foliar disease known as Septoria Tritici Blotch (STB) caused by the fungus Zymoseptoria tritici. Disease control mainly depends on phytosanitary products. However, conventional agriculture is evolving towards more sustainable practices, out of respect for human health and the environment. Elicitors are considered as promising biological control tools and draw major interest in Integrated Pest Management strategies. These plant-immunity triggering compounds induce a general systemic resistance of the plant to a large spectrum of diseases. This study focuses on the screening of nine potential elicitors to protect winter wheat against Zymoseptoria tritici. Greenhouse trials were carried out to measure the ability of the different products to reduce disease foliar symptoms (necrosis, chlorosis and pycnidia). In addition, the biocide activity of these products towards the pathogen was evaluated under greenhouse and laboratory conditions. Furthermore, the modes of action of the best elicitors were investigated by studying the activity of some key defense enzymes of wheat. The corresponding results will be presented and discussed with the perspective to choose the two best elicitors for field trials and undertake further investigations on the signaling pathways triggered in the plant. [less ▲]

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See detailLe travailleur à temps partiel et la présomption de travail à temps plein
Kéfer, Fabienne ULg

in Revue de Jurisprudence de Liège, Mons et Bruxelles (2016), (14), 654-655

L'article oppose la présomption de travail à temps plein énoncée par l’article 171 de la loi-programme du 22 décembre 1989, qui est étrangère aux relations entre l’employeur et le travailleur, à la ... [more ▼]

L'article oppose la présomption de travail à temps plein énoncée par l’article 171 de la loi-programme du 22 décembre 1989, qui est étrangère aux relations entre l’employeur et le travailleur, à la sanction inscrite dans l'article 11bis de la loi relative aux contrats de travail. Le travailleur ne peut alléguer la présomption pour obtenir le paiement d’arriérés de salaire ou d’une indemnité compensatoire de préavis calculés sur la base d’une rémunération à temps plein. [less ▲]

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See detailA randomized double-blind study of Denosumab (DMAB) compared with Zoledronic acid (ZOL) in postmenopausal women with osteoporosis previously treated with oral bisphosphonates
Miller, P.; Pannacciulli, N.; Brown, J.P. et al

in Osteoporosis International (2016, April), 27(SUPPLEMENT1), 42

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See detailrelationship between total hip BMD T-score and incidence of nonvertebral fracture with up to 10 years of Denosumab (DMAB) treatment
Ferrari, S.; ADAMI, S.; Brown, J.P. et al

in Osteoporosis International (2016, April), 27(Supplement 1), 49-50

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See detailThe future prevalence of sarcopenia in Europe
Ethgen, Olivier ULg; Tchoconte, C.; Beaudart, Charlotte ULg et al

in Osteoporosis International (2016, April), 27(Supplement 1), 53-54

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See detailLes kystes ovariens chez le cobaye
Gillet, Aline; Deflers, Hélène ULg; Marlier, Didier ULg

in Revue de Médecine Vétérinaire (2016), 167(3-4), 51-58

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See detailEvidence for the alignment of quasar radio polarizations with large quasar group axes
Pelgrims, Vincent ULg; Hutsemekers, Damien ULg

in Astronomy and Astrophysics (2016)

Recently, evidence has been presented for the polarization vectors from quasars to preferentially align with the axes of the large quasar groups (LQG) to which they belong. This report was based on ... [more ▼]

Recently, evidence has been presented for the polarization vectors from quasars to preferentially align with the axes of the large quasar groups (LQG) to which they belong. This report was based on observations made at optical wavelengths for two large quasar groups at redshift ~1.3. The correlation suggests that the spin axes of quasars preferentially align with their surrounding large-scale structure that is assumed to be traced by the LQGs. Here, we consider a large sample of LQGs built from the Sloan Digital Sky Survey DR7 quasar catalogue in the redshift range 1.0 -􀀀 1.8. For quasars embedded in this sample, we collected radio polarization measurements with the goal to study possible correlations between quasar polarization vectors and the major axis of their host LQGs. Assuming the radio polarization vector is perpendicular to the quasar spin axis, we found that the quasar spin axis is preferentially parallel to the LQG major axis inside LQGs that have at least 20 members. This result independently supports the observations at optical wavelengths. We additionally found that when the richness of an LQG decreases, the quasar spin axis becomes preferentially perpendicular to the LQG major axis and that no correlation is detected for quasar groups with fewer than 10 members. [less ▲]

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See detailPublic Education Expenditures, Growth and Income Inequality
Artige, Lionel ULg; Cavenaile, Laurent

E-print/Working paper (2016)

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See detailThe Places from which I write: Reflections on the use of a Transnational Situated Feminist Objective Lens in Knowledge Production
Vivas Romero, Maria ULg

Conference (2016, April)

Through this contribution I make use of a Transnational Situated feminist objective lens (Haraway, 1988 , Fernandes, 2013 , Kaplan, 1994 ) to depict the impact of my geopolitical-locations and multi ... [more ▼]

Through this contribution I make use of a Transnational Situated feminist objective lens (Haraway, 1988 , Fernandes, 2013 , Kaplan, 1994 ) to depict the impact of my geopolitical-locations and multi-layered transnational identities on my choice of research topic, project design and definition of research object (Koobak and Thapar-Bjorkert, 2014) . In order to do so, I draw from examples of my multi-sited fieldwork with migrant domestic workers in Brussels and their family members in Peru and Colombia. Through the analysis, I first show how the use of such methodological tool during my pilot fieldwork shifted the aim of my research and led me to focus on the global inequalities experienced by ageing migrant domestic workers in the area of social protection. Secondly, I explore how the same methodological tool led me to choose the adequate intersectional theoretical perspectives and methods to properly address my research object. Thirdly, I show how these same reflections led me to plan ethical measures to produce knowledge under less asymmetrical power relations. This paper shows that my geopolitical locations and multi-layered transnational identities not only enlighten my everyday life experience but also impact the ways in which I construct and conduct my research. Moreover, it highlights the importance of acknowledging the multi-layered nature of the locations from which we write in order to hold ourselves accountable for the situated knowledge we produce. Lastly, this paper shows that reflections on the politics of locations can be useful both for minoritized subjects such as myself who challenge the hegemonic archetypes from the edges as well as for others who occupy more advantageous positions. [less ▲]

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See detailMass Surveillance Technology: Trading Trojan Horses
Caponetti, Lia ULg

in Strategic Trade Review (2016), (Spring 2016), 53-71

This paper challenges the effectiveness and necessity of “mass surveillance technology”(MST) on two dimensions: (a) states’ internal use of MST and the subsequent issue of violation of fundamental ... [more ▼]

This paper challenges the effectiveness and necessity of “mass surveillance technology”(MST) on two dimensions: (a) states’ internal use of MST and the subsequent issue of violation of fundamental freedoms, and (b) surveillance technology export control, especially to third countries likely to use such technology to violate human rights. Following the Snowden Datagate scandal, many States undertook inquiries and adopted measures that, in some cases, were meant to regulate the use of mass surveillance technology. The paper will: a) assess and evaluate current regulations on mass surveillance technology and its place in democratic societies, including what is at stake in terms of technology, threats, reactions to threats, and geographic extension, b) the risks linked to the use of MST on the national level by questioning the validity of counter-terrorism measures as a justification for MST use c) analyze international trade control regimes and legislation to highlighting their inadequacy in the face of the threats posed by MST, and d) map the evolution of the EU dual-use trade control system towards a human security approach with regard to human rights protection, in order to assess the capability of the system to avoid the misuse of MST. [less ▲]

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See detailRhizosecreted proteases inhibition for the improvement of recombinant protein production in Arabidopsis thaliana
Lallemand, Jérôme ULg; Périlleux, Claire ULg; Tocquin, Pierre ULg

Poster (2016, April)

Plant-based biopharmaceuticals have gained a lot of interest in the past decade due to their reduced cost and relative safety compared to mammalian cell cultures. While the first plant-made recombinant ... [more ▼]

Plant-based biopharmaceuticals have gained a lot of interest in the past decade due to their reduced cost and relative safety compared to mammalian cell cultures. While the first plant-made recombinant proteins are now reaching the market, the production systems still need improvements to maximize their competitiveness. Optimizing production hosts requires the identification and subsequent inhibition of the most active endogenous peptidases, proteolysis being one of the main factors limiting yields. The aim of our study was to identify root-secreted proteases of Arabidopsis thaliana involved in target protein degradation (BSA) and inhibit them in vivo. Biochemical analyses identified serine proteases as the main class responsible for BSA degradation. An RT-qPCR experiment led to the choice of the serine protease gene SBT4.12 and its homologs as targets for an amiRNA-mediated silencing approach. Arabidopsis amiRNA-expressing lines showed lower levels of expression for SBT4.12 and reduced proteolytic activity in their rhizosecreted extracts. Crossing these lines with recombinant protein producing lines could lead to an improved production platform for proteins of interest. [less ▲]

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See detailLocalized Piezoelectric Alveolar Decortication for Orthodontic Treatment in Adults: A Randomized Controlled Trial
CHARAVET, Carole ULg; LECLOUX, Geoffrey ULg; BRUWIER, Annick ULg et al

in Journal of Dental Research (2016)

AIMS : This randomized controlled trial aimed to evaluate the benefits and clinical outcomes of piezocision, which is a minimally invasive approach to corticotomy that is used in orthodontic treatments ... [more ▼]

AIMS : This randomized controlled trial aimed to evaluate the benefits and clinical outcomes of piezocision, which is a minimally invasive approach to corticotomy that is used in orthodontic treatments. MATERIALS AND METHODS : Twenty-four adult patients presenting with mild overcrowdings were randomly allocated to either a control group that was treated with conventional orthodontics or a test group that received piezo-assisted orthodontics. The piezocisions were performed 1 wk week after the placement of the orthodontic appliances. Neither grafting material nor sutures were used. All patients were followed every 2 wk, and archwires were changed only when they were no longer active. The periods required for the completion of the overall orthodontic treatments were calculated, and the periodontal parameters were evaluated at baseline and at the end of the orthodontic treatment. Patient-centered outcomes were assessed with a visual analog scale; analgesic use following the procedures was also recorded. RESULTS : The patient characteristics were similar between the 2 groups. The overall treatment time was significantly reduced by 43% in the piezocision group as compared with the control group. In both groups, periodontal parameters (i.e., recession depth, pocket depth, plaque index, and papilla bleeding index) remained unchanged between the baseline and treatment completion time points. No increase in root resorption was observed in either group. Scars were observed in 50% of the patients in the piezocision group. Analgesic consumption was similar following orthodontic appliance placement and piezocision surgery. Patient satisfaction was significantly better in the piezocision group than in the control group. CONCLUSION : In these conditions, the piezocision technique seemed to be effective in accelerating orthodontic tooth movement. No gingival recessions were observed. The risk of residual scars might limit the indications for piezocision in patients with a high smile line (ClinicalTrials.gov NCT02590835) [less ▲]

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See detailEfficacy and safety of glucosamine sulfate in the management of osteoarthritis: Evidence from real-life setting trials and surveys.
Reginster, Jean-Yves ULg

in Osteoporosis International (2016, April), 27(supplement 1), 65

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See detailEfficacy and safety of hyaluronic acid in the management of osteoarthritis: Evidence from real-life setting trials and surveys.
Rannou, F.; Maheu; Reginster, Jean-Yves ULg

in Osteoporosis International (2016, April), 27(supplement 1), 66

Detailed reference viewed: 18 (4 ULg)