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See detailCONTRIBUTION A L’ETUDE DE L’ECHOGRAPHIE INTERVENTIONNELLE DU RACHIS CHEZ LE CHIEN : MISE AU POINT DE TECHNIQUES ECHOGUIDEES POUR LES PONCTIONS SOUS-ARACHNOÏDIENNES ET ANALYSE DE LEUR APPLICATION
Etienne, Anne-Laure ULg

Doctoral thesis (2016)

SUMMARY Percutaneous ultrasound guidance has become a routine procedure in veterinary medicine in domestic animals. It allows precise placement of the needle in the desired target. Punctures of the ... [more ▼]

SUMMARY Percutaneous ultrasound guidance has become a routine procedure in veterinary medicine in domestic animals. It allows precise placement of the needle in the desired target. Punctures of the subarachnoid space in dogs are frequently carried out in veterinary practice for diagnostic purposes. In these procedures, the placement of the needle into the subarachnoid space (atlanto-occipital or lumbar) is commonly performed blindly by feeling the bony anatomical landmarks but this can be laborious or even impossible in some patients as reported in human medicine. The topic of this study is ultrasound guidance for the placement of the needle during puncture of the subarachnoid space. The needle placement can be done under ultrasound guidance according to two methods. The "indirect guidance" is a method of deferred ultrasound guidance. The "direct guidance" is a real time procedure in which the operator holds the needle in one hand and the ultrasound probe in the other. It allows direct visualization of the needle (if direct guidance), the target structure, adjacent tissues (including vascular structures) and potential injectate while minimizing the risk of complications. Punctures of the subarachnoid space are carried out by placing the needle in the cisterna magna or in the caudal lumbar subarachnoid space (between the fifth and sixth lumbar vertebrae). The cisternal puncture is most frequently used in practice but presents greater risk of iatrogenic lesions of the brain stem. The lumbar puncture is technically more difficult and is frequently contaminated by iatrogenic blood. Cerebrospinal fluid punctures have several clinical applications. They allow to collect cerebrospinal fluid for diagnostic testing, to realize myelograms or myeloscanners by injecting contrast medium and to perform spinal anesthesia or analgesia by injecting one or more substance(s) blocking the conduction of the spinal nerves. Subarachnoid lumbar puncture is used commonly in the dog for cerebrospinal fluid collection and/or myelography. Percutaneous ultrasound anatomy of the lumbar region in the dog and a technique for ultrasound-guided lumbar puncture were described in the first study. Ultrasound images obtained ex- vivo and in-vivo were compared with anatomic sections and used to identify the landmarks for ultrasound-guided lumbar puncture. The ultrasound-guided procedure was established on cadavers and then applied in-vivo on eight dogs. The anatomic landmarks for the ultrasound-guided puncture, which should be identified using the parasagittal oblique ultrasound image, were the articular processes of the fifth and sixth lumbar vertebrae and the interarcuate space. The spinal needle was directed under direct ultrasound-guidance toward the triangular space located between the contiguous articular processes of the fifth and sixth lumbar vertebrae and then advanced to enter the vertebral canal. Using these precise ultrasound anatomic landmarks, an ultrasound-guided technique for lumbar puncture is applicable to dogs. Cisternal puncture in dogs and cats is commonly carried out. Percutaneous ultrasound anatomy of the cisternal region in the dog and the cat and an indirect technique for ultrasound-guided cisternal puncture were described in the second study. Ultrasound images obtained ex-vivo and in-vivo were compared with anatomic sections and used to identify the landmarks for ultrasound-guided cisternal puncture. The ultrasound-guided procedure was established in cadavers and then applied in- vivo in seven dogs and two cats. The anatomic landmarks for the ultrasound-guided puncture were the cisterna magna, the spinal cord, the two occipital condyles on transverse images, the external occipital crest and the dorsal arch of the first cervical vertebra on longitudinal images. Using these ultrasound anatomic landmarks, an indirect ultrasound-guided technique for cisternal puncture is applicable to dogs and cats. The standard technique for placing a needle into the canine lumbar subarachnoid space is primarily based on the palpation of anatomic landmarks and the use of probing movements of the needle. However, this technique can be challenging for novice operators. The aim of the third observational, prospective, ex vivo, feasibility study was to compare ultrasound-guided versus standard anatomic landmark approaches for novices performing needle placement into the lumbar subarachnoid space using dog cadavers. Eight experienced operators validated the canine cadaver model as usable for training landmark and ultrasound-guided needle placement into the lumbar subarachnoid space based on realistic anatomy and tissue consistency. With informed consent, 67 final year veterinary students were prospectively enrolled in the study. Students had no prior experience in needle placement into the lumbar subarachnoid space nor use of ultrasound. Each student received a short theoretical training about each technique before the trial and then attempted blind landmark-guided and ultrasound-guided techniques on randomized canine cadavers. After having performed both procedures, the operators completed a self-evaluation questionnaire about their performance and self-confidence. Total success rates for students were 48% and 77% for the landmark- and ultrasound-guided technique, respectively. Ultrasound guidance significantly increased total success rate when compared to the landmark-guided technique and significantly reduced the number of attempts. With ultrasound guidance self-confidence was improved, without bringing any significant change in duration of the needle placement procedure. Findings indicated that the use of ultrasound guidance and cadavers is a feasible method for training novice operators in needle placement into the canine lumbar subarachnoid space after short theoretical training. Ultrasound-guided techniques for needle placement in the cisterna magna and in the lumbar subarachnoid space were described in the dog. The aim of the fourth observational, prospective, ex-vivo study was to compare the impact of ultrasound guidance for the cisternal versus lumbar needle placement using dog cadavers. With informed consent, 83 operators were prospectively enrolled in the study. They were divided in four groups depending on experience. Each operator received a short theoretical training about each technique before the trial and then attempted a cisternal and lumbar punctures with blind landmark-guided and ultrasound-guided techniques on randomized canine cadavers. The lumbar ultrasound-guidance was direct while the cisternal ultrasound-guidance was indirect. After having performed each procedure, the operators completed a self-evaluation questionnaire about their previous experience, their performance and their self-confidence. The ultrasound guidance significantly increased total success rate in both areas compared with the blind technique but more significantly in the lumbar region. The cisternal ultrasound guidance significantly improved the number of attempts, the time needed to perform the procedure and the self-confidence in inexperienced and experienced operators. The lumbar ultrasound guidance significantly increased the self-confidence in inexperienced and experienced operators and significantly decreased the number of attempts in inexperienced operators. The first cause of failure cited was different according to the location of the puncture and was related to the nature of ultrasound guidance. Findings indicated that the use of ultrasound guidance by novice and experienced operators improved different parameters according to the location of the needle placement. This study demonstrated that inexperienced operators are able to use ultrasound guidance after a short theoretical teaching session in an ex-vivo context and this supports the use of ultrasound-guidance for learning and teaching purposes. The study of the impact of ultrasound guidance for needle placement procedures described in this work could be developed and studied for other technically difficult or risky procedures on dogs. If the benefits of ultrasound guidance demonstrated ex-vivo in this work are transferable to the clinical conditions, punctures of the subarachnoid injections would be less « scary » for novice operators and become routine procedures applicable by a large numbers of veterinarians. [less ▲]

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See detail"Saisir l'État". Les conflits d’héritage, la justice et la place du droit à Cotonou.
Andreetta, Sophie ULg

Doctoral thesis (2016)

Tout comme de nombreux autres États sur le continent africain, le Bénin a entrepris, à partir des années 1990, une large réforme de ses services publics dans laquelle la justice occupe une place centrale ... [more ▼]

Tout comme de nombreux autres États sur le continent africain, le Bénin a entrepris, à partir des années 1990, une large réforme de ses services publics dans laquelle la justice occupe une place centrale. Parmi les premiers textes à faire l’objet d’une révision figure le Code des personnes et de la famille, censé promouvoir l’égalité des sexes, contrairement au droit « coutumier » jusque-là applicable à la majorité des familles. Avec les conflits d’héritage comme porte d’entrée, cette recherche avait pour objectif de réfléchir à l’appropriation de ce nouveau texte par différents types d’acteurs. En effet, les questions liées à la gestion et à la répartition de l’héritage sont fréquemment source de conflits à Cotonou et dans les localités voisines. De nombreuses familles saisissent les cours et tribunaux. Dans un contexte où les services publics sont souvent associés à la corruption et aux pratiques informelles, cette thèse envisage les spécificités du système judicaire béninois, la question de la place du droit pour les citoyens, dans le travail des juges et le fonctionnement des tribunaux, démontrant ainsi que les règles officielles sont loin d’être systématiquement contournées dans les administrations africaines. [less ▲]

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See detailHow elites talk about their political career: Metaphors in spontaneous and informal political discourse
Heyvaert, Pauline ULg

Conference (2016, July 02)

It has often been acknowledged that political discourse is a genre that naturally allows for metaphor use. Moreover, recent research has demonstrated the importance of analysing the political impact of ... [more ▼]

It has often been acknowledged that political discourse is a genre that naturally allows for metaphor use. Moreover, recent research has demonstrated the importance of analysing the political impact of these metaphors: “Examining metaphors that appear in political discourse provides insights into the way speakers understand their situation, and how they seek to accomplish their ends” (Ritchie, 2013). Previous research (Perrez&Reuchamps, 2014) has demonstrated the usefulness of applying Steen’s three-dimensional model of metaphor analysis in communication to a corpus of political discourse. I therefore propose to apply this model to a particular type of elite discourse. The corpus used for this research consists of biographical interviews conducted with Walloon politicians, each describing at length their personal political career within the political dynamics of their country. This corpus offers an interesting ground of investigation because of its spontaneous and informal character. Moreover, most studies on the use of metaphors in political discourse tend to focus on elite discourse with the underlying assumption that elites might knowingly use metaphors to convince the audience. What is interesting with our corpus, is that the interviews do not have a clear addressee or audience. Analysing the form, and particularly the metaphor use of these interviews comes with a number of questions: (i) do politicians use metaphors in spontaneous discourse; (ii) if so, when and (iii) why do they use these metaphors, i.e. do they use them with a specific purpose, as for example explaining a complex political issue, or not? To assess the extent to which politicians use metaphors in spontaneous discourse, we conducted a corpus analysis by applying the MIPVU procedure (Steen et al., 2010) in order to identify potential metaphorical contexts. In line with Steen’s three-dimensional model, we subsequently analysed the identified metaphors by making a distinction between three different layers of metaphor, respectively at the linguistic, conceptual and communicative level. [less ▲]

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See detailNietzsche à travers la maladie.
JEDIDI, Haroun ULg

Scientific conference (2016, July 01)

Cette conférence aborde le thème du diagnostic différentiel de la pathologie de Friedrich Nietzsche et de la façon dont sa maladie a pu influencer son œuvre philosophique.

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See detailDiscovery of WASP-113b and WASP-114b, two inflated hot-Jupiters with contrasting densities
Barros, S. C. C.; Brown, D. J. A.; Hébrard, G. et al

E-print/Working paper (2016)

We present the discovery and characterisation of the exoplanets WASP-113b and WASP-114b by the WASP survey, {\it SOPHIE} and {\it CORALIE}. The planetary nature of the systems was established by ... [more ▼]

We present the discovery and characterisation of the exoplanets WASP-113b and WASP-114b by the WASP survey, {\it SOPHIE} and {\it CORALIE}. The planetary nature of the systems was established by performing follow-up photometric and spectroscopic observations. The follow-up data were combined with the WASP-photometry and analysed with an MCMC code to obtain system parameters. The host stars WASP-113 and WASP-114 are very similar. They are both early G-type stars with an effective temperature of $\sim 5900\,$K, [Fe/H]$\sim 0.12$ and $T_{\rm eff}$ $\sim 4.1$dex. However, WASP-113 is older than WASP-114. Although the planetary companions have similar radii, WASP-114b is almost 4 times heavier than WASP-113b. WASP-113b has a mass of $0.48\,$ $\mathrm{M}_{\rm Jup}$ and an orbital period of $\sim 4.5\,$days; WASP-114b has a mass of $1.77\,$ $\mathrm{M}_{\rm Jup}$ and an orbital period of $\sim 1.5\,$days. Both planets have inflated radii, in particular WASP-113 with a radius anomaly of $\Re=0.35$. The high scale height of WASP-113b ($\sim 950$ km ) makes it a good target for follow-up atmospheric observations. [less ▲]

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See detailFrom Dense Hot Jupiter to Low Density Neptune: The Discovery of WASP-127b, WASP-136b and WASP-138b
Lam, K. W. F.; Faedi, F.; Brown, D. J. A. et al

E-print/Working paper (2016)

We report three newly discovered exoplanets from the SuperWASP survey. WASP-127b is a heavily inflated super-Neptune of mass 0.18Mj and radius 1.35Rj. This is one of the least massive planets discovered ... [more ▼]

We report three newly discovered exoplanets from the SuperWASP survey. WASP-127b is a heavily inflated super-Neptune of mass 0.18Mj and radius 1.35Rj. This is one of the least massive planets discovered by the WASP project. It orbits a bright host star (V = 10.16) of spectral type G5 with a period of 4.17 days.WASP-127b is a low density planet which has an extended atmosphere with a scale height of 2500+/-400 km, making it an ideal candidate for transmission spectroscopy. WASP-136b and WASP-138b are both hot Jupiters with mass and radii of 1.51 Mj and 1.38 Rj, and 1.22 Mj and 1.09 Rj, respectively. WASP-136b is in a 5.22-day orbit around an F9 subgiant star with a mass of 1.41 Msun and a radius of 2.21 Rsun. The discovery of WASP-136b could help constraint the characteristics of the giant planet population around evolved stars. WASP-138b orbits an F7 star with a period of 3.63 days. Its radius agrees with theoretical values from standard models, suggesting the presence of a heavy element core with a mass of 10 Mearth. The discovery of these new planets helps in exploring the diverse compositional range of short-period planets, and will aid our understanding of the physical characteristics of both gas giants and low density planets. [less ▲]

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See detailL'extrême droite et la démocratie: entre opposition et récupération
Debras, François ULg

in Jamin, Jérôme (Ed.) L'extrême droite en Europe (2016)

Après une période de « dédiabolisation » et grâce à une base électorale croissante, de plus en plus de partis d'extrême droite européens se revendiquent aujourd’hui comme démocratiques. En écartant de la ... [more ▼]

Après une période de « dédiabolisation » et grâce à une base électorale croissante, de plus en plus de partis d'extrême droite européens se revendiquent aujourd’hui comme démocratiques. En écartant de la scène politique et médiatique leurs membres les plus violents, en respectant les procédures électorales et en proposant des programme alternatifs vis-à-vis des partis traditionnels, les organisations d’extrême droite s’intégreraient durablement au sein de nos systèmes politiques jusqu’à se présenter, dans certains pays, comme les véritables représentants du peuple, les défenseurs des libertés individuelles et les promoteurs d’une « véritable démocratie » loin des bureaucrates et technocrates de Bruxelles, loin des élites politiques et économiques qui ont confisqué le pouvoir aux citoyens. Liberté d’expression, laïcité, référendum, souveraineté populaire,… Autant de valeurs, autant de principes qui jettent la confusion dans un débat censé opposer la démocratie à l’extrême droite. Entre opposition et récupération, quels sont donc les liens qu’entretiennent les partis d’extrême droite avec la démocratie ? [less ▲]

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See detailAsymptotic properties of free monoid morphisms
Charlier, Emilie ULg; Leroy, Julien ULg; Rigo, Michel ULg

in Linear Algebra & its Applications (2016), 500

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See detailGirls and Math Careers Expectations: Influence of Teacher Support and Motivational Variables
Jaegers, Doriane ULg; Lafontaine, Dominique ULg

Poster (2016, July)

Drawing on the expectancy-value theory, the three basic dimensions of instructional quality and the self-determination theory, this study examines the relation between teacher support, motivational ... [more ▼]

Drawing on the expectancy-value theory, the three basic dimensions of instructional quality and the self-determination theory, this study examines the relation between teacher support, motivational variables, course enrollment and career expectations in the domain of math. Gender differences are also investigated. Teacher support is seen as the fulfilment of the need of relatedness which is defined by the affective and academic quality of the teacher-student relationship. [less ▲]

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See detailL'épopée Planet Nine. Doit-on réécrire les manuels scolaires d'astronomie?
Stiepen, Arnaud ULg

Article for general public (2016)

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See detailSustainability of Rural Systems: Balancing Heritage and Innovation
Schmitz, Serge ULg; Dubois, Charline ULg; Cawley, Mary et al

Book published by Atelier des Presses (2016)

With the discussion of six themes - New technologies and the new rural ways of life, Agronomic innovations and their social and environmental impacts, From ecosystem services to agroservices, Energy ... [more ▼]

With the discussion of six themes - New technologies and the new rural ways of life, Agronomic innovations and their social and environmental impacts, From ecosystem services to agroservices, Energy issues in rural areas, Multifunctional forests and the countryside, Tourism and recreation - the conference analyses how to balance cultural and natural heritage and innovation with special reference to the ecological and social dimensions. [less ▲]

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See detailIsolation and Identification of Steroid and Flavonoid Glycosides from the Flowers of Allium gramineum
Mskhiladze, Lasha; Chincharadze, David; St-Gelais, Alexis et al

in International Journal of Pharmaceutical Sciences and Drug Research (2016), 8(4), 240-243

The isolation and identification of β-sitosterol 3-O-β-glucopyranoside, quercetin 3-O-β-glucopyranoside, isorhamnetin 3,4'-di-O-β-glucopyranosideand isorhamnetin 3,7-di-O-β-glucopyranosidefrom the flowers ... [more ▼]

The isolation and identification of β-sitosterol 3-O-β-glucopyranoside, quercetin 3-O-β-glucopyranoside, isorhamnetin 3,4'-di-O-β-glucopyranosideand isorhamnetin 3,7-di-O-β-glucopyranosidefrom the flowers of Allium gramineumthat growsin Georgia.The structures of isolated compounds havebeen determined by 1H and 13C nuclear magnetic resonance (NMR) Isolation and Identification of Steroid and Flavonoid Glycosides from the Flowers of Allium gramineum. Available from: https://www.researchgate.net/publication/305851744_Isolation_and_Identification_of_Steroid_and_Flavonoid_Glycosides_from_the_Flowers_of_Allium_gramineum [accessed Aug 5, 2016]. [less ▲]

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See detailThe different origins of high- and low-ionization broad emission lines revealed by gravitational microlensing in the Einstein cross
Braibant, Lorraine ULg; Hutsemekers, Damien ULg; Sluse, Dominique ULg et al

in Astronomy & Astrophysics (2016), 592

We investigate the kinematics and ionization structure of the broad emission line region of the gravitationally lensed quasar QSO2237+0305 (the Einstein cross) using differential microlensing in the high ... [more ▼]

We investigate the kinematics and ionization structure of the broad emission line region of the gravitationally lensed quasar QSO2237+0305 (the Einstein cross) using differential microlensing in the high- and low-ionization broad emission lines. We combine visible and near-infrared spectra of the four images of the lensed quasar and detect a large-amplitude microlensing effect distorting the high-ionization CIV and low-ionization Hα line profiles in image A. While microlensing only magnifies the red wing of the Balmer line, it symmetrically magnifies the wings of the CIV emission line. Given that the same microlensing pattern magnifies both the high- and low-ionization broad emission line regions, these dissimilar distortions of the line profiles suggest that the high- and low-ionization regions are governed by different kinematics. Since this quasar is likely viewed at intermediate inclination, we argue that the differential magnification of the blue and red wings of Hα favors a flattened, virialized, low-ionization region whereas the symmetric microlensing effect measured in CIV can be reproduced by an emission line formed in a polar wind, without the need of fine-tuned caustic configurations. [less ▲]

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See detailLe sexe ratio chez les bovins : facteurs de variation
Hanzen, Christian ULg; Chastant-Maillard, Sylvie; Rao, Anne-Sophie ULg et al

in Point Vétérinaire (Le) : Expert Rural (2016), 367

Le sexe ratio secondaire, défini comme la proportion de mâles à la naissance, est de 52% chez les bovins, avec des variations selon les populations étudiées de 46 à 57%. Il est plus élevé lors des ... [more ▼]

Le sexe ratio secondaire, défini comme la proportion de mâles à la naissance, est de 52% chez les bovins, avec des variations selon les populations étudiées de 46 à 57%. Il est plus élevé lors des premières étapes du développement embryonnaire, et les conceptus mâles meurent proportionnellement plus au cours de la gestation que les conceptus femelles. Les facteurs de variation potentiels sont nombreux, mais peu d’effets sont unanimement observés. L’effet de la parité ou du statut social de la vache ne sont pas clairement démontrés. Les ovulations sur l’ovaire droit donneraient naissance à une plus forte proportion de mâles ; le rôle du taureau est probablement limité et la répétabilité du sexe du veau d’une gestation à l’autre est faible. Le moment de l’insémination par rapport à l’ovulation ne semble pas avoir d’influence alors qu’il aurait pu constituer un moyen de maîtrise assez simple à mettre en œuvre. [less ▲]

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See detailIn search for a definition of sanctions in the context of strategic trade control
Colussi, Ilaria Anna ULg

in Paile, Sylvain; Michel, Quentin; Jankowitsch-Prevor, Odette (Eds.) Controlling the trade of strategic goods SANCTIONS AND PENALTIES (2016)

One of the basic rules in trade law is the freedom of trade. However, such rule encounters some limitations, derogations and exceptions when the object of trade is constituted by strategic and sensitive ... [more ▼]

One of the basic rules in trade law is the freedom of trade. However, such rule encounters some limitations, derogations and exceptions when the object of trade is constituted by strategic and sensitive items. The concept of “strategic trade” is one of the most ambiguous ones, and there is not a common definition of it. Even if the General Agreements on Tariffs and Trade (GATT) does not offer such an explanation, its Article XXI can be construed as referring to strategic trade, as much as it states that the provisions of GATT (grounded on free trade) need not apply in cases where “essential security interests” are involved. The concept of “essential security interests” is also vague, as it is left upon the individual parties to the GATT to decide what it means. Despite such ‘slippery slope’ in the definition of terms, it results, however, that strategic trade is linked to norms and measures that aim at controlling trade, in order to ensure the protection of non economic needs, such as national security, public morals, public order, etc. This area finds at the intersection of commercial and foreign policy. For ensuring the protection of non economic interests, it is necessary to introduce measures that provide for controls on all activities conducted by individuals, organizations, and groups regarding goods, equipment, materials, services related to strategic items: these activities shall cover the whole supply chain, including design, development, production, possession, delivery, transport, transit, trans-shipment, financing, brokering, exports, re-exports, transfers and imports. The actors intervening in the draft of rules and controls are mainly the States, and the international and regional organiza- tions; then, important subjects are national licencing authorities and enforcement agencies such as customs, border security, police and armed forces, if needed. The targets of such measures of control could be the States, if the rules at the international or regional level are addressing them, and/or the operators involved in strategic trade. Considering the ways in which States organize such controls, the reality shows that they have introduced control lists, licences and authorisations granted on the basis of conditions and criteria, information-sharing and cooperation between authorities and operators, duties of transparency through reports, records, dec- larations and screenings. Moreover, measures exist that consist of restrictions, bans and penalties providing that consequences in case of violation of strategic trade rules. Therefore, the issue of sanctions is a relevant part of the strategic trade law, and it inserts within that context. The purpose of this contribution is to define what sanctions in strategic trade mean and to systematize them accordingly. In particular, the sanctions are categorized into three groups: A. “supranational sanctions”; B. “implementing sanctions”; C. tertium genus: “unilateral sanctions” and “countermeasures”. [less ▲]

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See detailLa laïcité des Etats et l'affirmation musulmane
Bousetta, Hassan ULg

Article for general public (2016)

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See detailSize and Value Matter But Not the Way You Thought
Lambert, Marie ULg; Hübner, Georges ULg; Fays, Boris ULg

Conference (2016, July)

We propose a simple but fundamental methodological change to Fama and French (1993) factor construction procedure. Consistent with Lambert and Hübner (2013) sequential sorting procedure to classify stocks ... [more ▼]

We propose a simple but fundamental methodological change to Fama and French (1993) factor construction procedure. Consistent with Lambert and Hübner (2013) sequential sorting procedure to classify stocks, our methodology controls ex ante for pricing errors produced by multifactor models. Our size and value factors deliver less specification errors when used to price portfolios, especially regarding low size and high B/M stocks. Furthermore, this alternative framework generates much stronger “turn-of-the-year” size and “through-the-year” book-to-market effects than conventionally documented. The factors also display a slight competitive advantage on the taxonomy of low turnover market anomalies defined by Novy-Marx and Velikov (2015). [less ▲]

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See detailInventaire et typologie des listes grecques et latines de produits pharmaceutiques
Ricciardetto, Antonio ULg

in Derda, Tomasz; Lajtar, Adam; Urbanik, Jakub (Eds.) Proceedings of the XXVIIth International Congress of Papyrology. Warsaw, 29 July - 3 August 2013 (2016, July)

Dans la documentation papyrologique relative aux pratiques médicales de l’Égypte gréco-romaine et byzantine, le genre des listes de produits pharmaceutiques n’a encore jamais fait l’objet, ni d’un ... [more ▼]

Dans la documentation papyrologique relative aux pratiques médicales de l’Égypte gréco-romaine et byzantine, le genre des listes de produits pharmaceutiques n’a encore jamais fait l’objet, ni d’un inventaire, ni d’une étude exhaustifs. Dans le cadre de nos recherches doctorales sur la typologie des papyrus documentaires grecs et latins à caractère médical, c’est cette lacune que l’on se propose de combler, d’une part en cataloguant, au moyen de la fiche Mertens-Pack³ du CEDOPAL, la trentaine de listes de produits pharmaceutiques provenant d’Égypte, écrites en grec sur papyrus et ostracon (IIIe s. av. J.-Chr.-VIIe s. apr. J.-Chr.), auxquelles on ajoutera deux listes latines sur tablettes de bois, provenant du camp romain de Vindolanda (c. 100p), et, d’autre part, en analysant les aspects formels, paléographiques, textuels et contextuels de ces documents médicaux qui peuvent correspondre, soit à un inventaire de droguiste, soit à une commande, soit à une ou plusieurs recettes dont l’état fragmentaire du support a fait disparaître les proportions. On comparera les données obtenues avec d’autres pièces papyrologiques, spécialement les nombreuses prescriptions médicales, ainsi que les comptes, les reçus de paiement ou encore les lettres privées relatives à des demandes de médicaments ou à la livraison de substances pharmaceutiques. [less ▲]

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