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See detailCours No 3: Astrophysique et Techniques Spatiales: Ingés aéro/ Ingés Phys 2016-2017 (Fichier PDF + vidéos: mov)
Surdej, Jean ULg

Learning material (2016)

In this course of Astronomy and space techniques, we introduce all the necessary concepts that enable us to understand basic observational data as well as modern ground-based and space telescopes and ... [more ▼]

In this course of Astronomy and space techniques, we introduce all the necessary concepts that enable us to understand basic observational data as well as modern ground-based and space telescopes and their instrumentation. This course has been designed for future engineers willing to understand and communicate with other people basic concepts of astronomy as well as to those wishing to pursue more specialized studies in astrophysics (cf. end-of-year thesis oriented towards astrophysics, master in space sciences, PhD in astrophysics, ...) or a future career in this field. In the first part of this course, we present the main discoveries in astrophysics already known by the antique greek astronomers, including an introduction to the different spherical coordinate systems and to photometry. [less ▲]

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See detailLes enregistrements infirmiers : un outil d'efficience. Du RIM aux DI-RHM dans les hôpitaux belges.
Thonon, Olivier ULg

Doctoral thesis (2016)

Le Résumé Infirmier Minimum existe depuis 1988 et un certain nombre des objectifs initiaux ont été atteints. A la fin des années 90, la question de l’actualisation du RIM s’est posée avec acuité étant ... [more ▼]

Le Résumé Infirmier Minimum existe depuis 1988 et un certain nombre des objectifs initiaux ont été atteints. A la fin des années 90, la question de l’actualisation du RIM s’est posée avec acuité étant donné l’évolution des soins de santé en général et de l’art infirmier en particulier. Dorénavant intégré dans une base de données unique, le Résumé Hospitalier Minimal, ce Résumé Infirmier Minimum actualisé, implanté officiellement depuis janvier 2008, a sans aucun doute métamorphosé l’environnement des soins infirmiers. Le chapitre 1 décrit ce processus d’actualisation du RIM. Le cadre conceptuel du RIM « actualisé » définit un tremplin international, en référence à la Nursing Interventions Classification (NIC) utilisée pour sa conception. La visualisation de la variabilité des soins infirmiers se fera dorénavant à travers un langage plus riche et plus précis en passant de 23 à 78 items. La première composante de l’efficience, est abordée dans le chapitre III. Il concerne l’évaluation du niveau de preuve des interventions répertoriées dans les DI-RHM. L’approche justificative de l’outil est abordée dans le chapitre IV de ce travail. Le chapitre V examine dans quelle mesure il serait possible d’allouer les moyens infirmiers de façon plus rigoureuse aux hôpitaux. Le chapitre VI se consacre à l’élaboration de profils de soins infirmiers sur base des DI-RHM et à la mise en évidence de leur potentiel d’utilisation. Nous concluons par une discussion générale reprenant les divers éléments abordés dans ces différentes approches à la lumière du contexte actuel de l’outil. [less ▲]

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See detailThe reinforcement opportunitie of a cross-border train connection: the example of the railway between Liège (Belgium) and Maastricht (Netherlands)
Wilmotte, Pierre-François ULg; Lambotte, Jean-Marc ULg; Cools, Mario ULg et al

Conference (2016, October 07)

The research topic was to understand why it is so difficult to increase the train frequency on Liège - Maastricht line. The outline of our presentation was structured in 4 parts : the (current, potential ... [more ▼]

The research topic was to understand why it is so difficult to increase the train frequency on Liège - Maastricht line. The outline of our presentation was structured in 4 parts : the (current, potential and future) supply, the (current, potential and future) demand, some options to solve the deadlock between the Belgian's and the Dutch's outlooks and the conclusions. [less ▲]

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See detailIrrigated food systems in Maradi Republic of Niger: A comparison between operating accounts
Andres, Ludovic ULg; Dambo, Lawali; Bode, Sambo et al

Conference (2016, October 07)

In Niger, most food systems are based on pluvial crops (millet, sorghum and cowpea). However, during the last decade, agricultural policy and technical and financial partners focused on increasing the ... [more ▼]

In Niger, most food systems are based on pluvial crops (millet, sorghum and cowpea). However, during the last decade, agricultural policy and technical and financial partners focused on increasing the productivity of irrigated food products. The region of Maradi, located in the Central-South of Niger, is an area traditionally dedicated to agriculture. Some parts of this region are particularly adapted for irrigation, especially the Goulbi of Kaba and the Goulbi of Maradi valleys. The goal of this study is to establish the socio-economic situation of the main irrigated food productions, based on the following indicators: (i) the crop management technics used; (ii) the results of the operating account; and (iii) the comparison between the village and the adoption of new technic (farmer field school). This paper is based on direct surveys conducted in three areas of the Maradi’s region: Soumarana (commune of Safo, department of Madarounfa); N’Yelwa (commune of Madarounfa, department of Madarounfa); Madarounfa (commune of Madarounfa, department of Guidan Roumdji). The software used is Minitab and Excel. The results highlight a good perspective for the irrigation system but this food system is conditioned by the petroleum price and some other input (fertilizer and seed). The operating accounts show that irrigation is a non-negligible income source, which increases the resilience of the farmers. [less ▲]

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See detailIntroduction
Masson, Christophe ULg

Conference (2016, October 07)

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See detailShaping (im)mobility: borders, camps, and non-state actors
Da Silva, Amanda Carolina ULg

Conference (2016, October 07)

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See detailEtude des déterminants de l'efficacité organisationnelle des associations sans but lucratif bénéficiaires de microcrédits au Burundi: une approche d'alignement stratégique
Nduwayo, Marie Goreth ULg

Doctoral thesis (2016)

Even if the Henderson and Venkatraman (1993) works on the strategic alignment have paved the way for several research to determine the impact of strategic alignment on companies’ organizational ... [more ▼]

Even if the Henderson and Venkatraman (1993) works on the strategic alignment have paved the way for several research to determine the impact of strategic alignment on companies’ organizational performance, there is absence of consensus in the literature regarding how companies can align. In addition, while the question of the effectiveness of non-profit organizations remains an important topic for researchers, empirical studies of their organizational effectiveness remain rare. We address this issue by taking on account a specific attribute of a difficult economic environment: the threat of survival of Burundian's Non-Profit Associations (ASBL) beneficiaries of microcredits. Thus, our study shows that the strategic alignment of these ASBL is realize through on their adjustment (taken in the sense of finality or condition that is different from the process) to the constraints of their donors. This approach articulate on three registers: in positioning us in the field of research of company strategies, we base on strategic alignment in the context of survival, and then we address survival issues. We demonstrate that the strategic adjustment is the basis of the survival strategies of these microstructures in a Burundian context dominated by insecurity and extreme poverty. The primary needs of these entities are indeed at the root of the adjustment response to key resources provided by microfinance institutions. Thus, the objective of our study is to explain how the strategic alignment of these ASBL to the constraints of the donors can have a decisive influence on their organizational effectiveness (a facet of performance). To this end, we build a model and we test it empirically with 150 ASBL beneficiaries of microcredits created from 1992 to 2011. We prove that their internal organization is an important determinant of their organizational effectiveness and is the basis of their efficiency. This organizational asset has certain particular features and is the result of strategic alignment. [less ▲]

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See detailPhenotypic plasticity in a fossorial toad from a Pacific xeric forest (Ecuador)
Székely, Diana ULg; Szekely, Paul; Denoël, Mathieu ULg et al

Poster (2016, October 06)

For amphibians, optimal size at metamorphosis is determined by a trade-off between opportunities for growth and risks of mortality in aquatic and terrestrial habitats, and many species show a high degree ... [more ▼]

For amphibians, optimal size at metamorphosis is determined by a trade-off between opportunities for growth and risks of mortality in aquatic and terrestrial habitats, and many species show a high degree of plasticity in time and size at metamorphosis that allow them to adapt to unpredictable environments. We used as model a neotropical anuran species, the Pacific horned frog, Ceratophrys stolzmanni, that inhabits the Tumbesian dry forests of southwestern Ecuador, and lays its eggs in lentic habitats of variable size and unpredictable duration. We investigated (i) how tadpoles time their metamorphosis in order to escape a rapidly drying aquatic habitat, and (ii) the consequences of metamorphosis plasticity on the immediate and mid-term fitness of individuals. We conducted two experiments; in the first one we exposed 36 tadpoles to one of three water levels treatments: constant high, decreasing and constant low. Tadpoles that were raised in decreasing or low water level metamorphosed on average 13% and 10% faster than the ones from constant high water level, but at a lower body size and mass. Growth rates were among the highest recorded for tadpoles and individuals from the constant high water level treatment grew at a much faster rate than the others. In a second experiment, we sampled 72 freshly metamorphosed (Gosner stage 45) C. stolzmanni individuals of assorted sizes (SVL between 23.8 and 47.9 mm, body weight between 1.2 and 11.9 g). From this spectrum of sizes, we selected the 21 largest and 22 smallest individuals and evaluated the effects of body size at metamorphosis on trophic and locomotory performance parameters. We determined their growth rate and survival over the course of an activity season (i.e., two months). Our results show that bigger size at metamorphosis is correlated with better survival chances and performance. Larger individuals were more mobile, had bigger gape width and better survival rates (95% compared to 64% for small individuals). Growth rates were not correlated with initial size, and small individuals were capable of increasing their size at a higher rate. This indicates that, although size at metamorphosis has an immediate impact on fitness, smaller individuals are able to compensate with an increased growth rate. [less ▲]

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See detailDouble culture, double richesse ?
Mescoli, Elsa ULg

Conference given outside the academic context (2016)

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See detailAgeism among medical students
Corvol, Aline; Missotten, Pierre ULg; Gentric, Armelle et al

Poster (2016, October 06)

Introduction Negative stereotypes concerning elderly persons are widespread in general population. When they are adopted by health care professionals, it can decrease the quality of care or even induce ... [more ▼]

Introduction Negative stereotypes concerning elderly persons are widespread in general population. When they are adopted by health care professionals, it can decrease the quality of care or even induce disability. That’s why medical curriculum should take the question of ageism in consideration. Though, little is known about ageism among medical students and its determinants. Method We conducted a study on Rennes University (France) medical students (year 2 to year 6) using on line questionnaire. Validated tools, such as Fraboni Scale of Ageism, and innovating ones, such as verbal fluency task about aging and youth, have been proposed. Results have been compared with those obtained in Liège, Belgium, and analyzed according to age, gender, year of study, and geriatric training. Results Response rate was above 90%, leading to 814 replies. Replies, especially at the verbal fluency task, demonstrate the strength of negative stereotypes, with similar results in Rennes and Liège. No effect of courses or internship in geriatrics has been identified. Negative stereotypes seem lower in female students, and in those who have regular contact with elderly persons, especially if these contacts are good. Key conclusion Ageism is widespread in French medical students, whatever the year of study. Enhancing positive contacts between elderly persons and medical students may be an effective way to prevent it, but may be challenging to implement. Further studies could focus on implicit stereotypes to underplay the social desirability bias. [less ▲]

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See detailEmergence d'une catégorie de "non ayant droit". La Belgique et la réforme de l'assurance-chômage
Remy, Céline ULg; Senhadji, Khadija

Conference (2016, October 06)

Les récentes évolutions de l’assurance-chômage en Belgique font apparaître des vagues d’exclusions ‘automatiques’ de chômeurs allocataires d’insertion, ce qui étend par conséquent la catégorie de « non ... [more ▼]

Les récentes évolutions de l’assurance-chômage en Belgique font apparaître des vagues d’exclusions ‘automatiques’ de chômeurs allocataires d’insertion, ce qui étend par conséquent la catégorie de « non ayant-droit ». Cette dernière constitue un réel défi pour les institutions publiques car ces personnes disparaissent des radars institutionnels. Nous nous intéressons plus particulièrement au cas bruxellois où dès 2004, deux outils d’accompagnement ont été mis en place tout spécialement pour encadrer les jeunes chercheurs d’emploi. Une analyse chiffrée de la situation de ce public-cible encadré par les services publics bruxellois permettra de mettre en évidence le processus de (dé)régulation du marché de l’emploi. [less ▲]

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See detailHTA du patient transplanté : quelles données pour adapter le traitement?
Krzesinski, Jean-Marie ULg

Conference (2016, October 06)

Hypertension en Transplantation Rénale: conclusions •L’HTA est fréquente , souvent multifactorielle et sa prise en charge est importante pour le pronostic. •Le recours aux techniques de mesure de la PA en ... [more ▼]

Hypertension en Transplantation Rénale: conclusions •L’HTA est fréquente , souvent multifactorielle et sa prise en charge est importante pour le pronostic. •Le recours aux techniques de mesure de la PA en dehors de la consultation est nécessaire. •La cible de la PA est d’autant plus basse que l’on s’éloigne de la date de la Transplantation (cible de la PA proposée <130/80 mmHg après le 1ier trimestre). •Rôle de l’alimentation dans l’approche thérapeutique et des AC DHP et Bêtabloquant. Changer l’IS peut être bénéfique. •Si résistance au traitement, rechercher une cause secondaire, une mauvaise adhérence à la diététique et aux médicaments. [less ▲]

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See detailRayures
Schneider, Nicole ULg

Book published by EdiLivre (2016)

L'histoire Rayures parle du haut potentiel. Ce livre s'adresse aux enfants surdoués à partir de l'âge de 7 ou 9 ans. À ce moment beaucoup d'entre eux se rendent compte de leur particularité. Les enfants ... [more ▼]

L'histoire Rayures parle du haut potentiel. Ce livre s'adresse aux enfants surdoués à partir de l'âge de 7 ou 9 ans. À ce moment beaucoup d'entre eux se rendent compte de leur particularité. Les enfants HP comprennent souvent qu'on parle d'eux et qu'on chuchote derrière leur dos. Ils ont du mal à décerner en quoi consiste la différence entre eux et les autres. Puisque cette différence existe, aussi bien dans la structure de leurs pensées que dans leur vie affective. Donc leur perception du monde n'est pas la même. Sous forme d'une conversation fictive l'auteur explique brièvement comment on pourrait se sentir dans la peau d'un zèbre afin que les enfants détectent une normalité dans l'atypie. [less ▲]

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See detailThe project PhytoKat in Lubumbashi, D.R. Congo: conditions for the integration of traditional medicine in modern healthcare
Bakari, A.; Meerts, P.; Vandenput, Sandrina ULg et al

Conference (2016, October 06)

The D.R. Congo still faces multiple health problems. Notably the access to conventional medicine is limited; as in most Sub-Saharan countries, traditional medicine is the primary, and often the only ... [more ▼]

The D.R. Congo still faces multiple health problems. Notably the access to conventional medicine is limited; as in most Sub-Saharan countries, traditional medicine is the primary, and often the only, source of care for a majority of the population and the WHO advocates its recognition and modernization for primary health care. This pilot project aims to establish the necessary foundation for progress in this direction in Katanga: • The conditions for the introduction of traditional practices in modern medicine will be evaluated (quality of the practitioners and diagnostics; quality, efficiency, safety of treatments); • Many plants used in traditional medicine have already been documented in Katanga; certain traditional practices have been validated by the identification of active compounds. The project proposes to deepen the botanical, pharmacological, chemical and agronomic study of these interesting species; • In the context of regional erosion of plant diversity, excessive harvesting of some vulnerable medicinal species could represent a serious threat; developing a conservation strategy is urgent and requires an inventory of their current distribution. Through 5 doctoral theses in pharmacognosy, biomedical and agronomic sciences, the project will aim at correcting the weaknesses identified by the recent Joint Context Analysis, performed in R.D. Congo at DGD initiative, for the domain environment/natural resources: "Lack of information, knowledge and awareness among decision makers and local communities on the benefits of biodiversity-related development". [less ▲]

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See detailDevelopment of polymer-based systems for healthcare applications
Grandfils, Christian ULg

Conference (2016, October 06)

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