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See detailWhat do Pneumocystis organisms tell us about the phylogeography of their hosts? The case of the woodmouse Apodemus sylvaticus in continental Europe and western Mediterranean islands
Demanche, christine; Deville, Manjula; Michaux, Johan ULg et al

in PLoS ONE (in press)

Pneumocystis fungi represent a highly diversified biological group with numerous species, which display a strong host-specificity suggesting a long co-speciation process. In the present study, the ... [more ▼]

Pneumocystis fungi represent a highly diversified biological group with numerous species, which display a strong host-specificity suggesting a long co-speciation process. In the present study, the presence and genetic diversity of Pneumocystis organisms was investigated in 203 lung samples from woodmice (Apodemus sylvaticus) collected on western continental Europe and Mediterranean islands. The presence of Pneumocystis DNA was assessed by nested PCR at both large and small mitochondrial subunit (mtLSU and mtSSU) rRNA loci. Direct sequencing of nested PCR products demonstrated a very high variability among woodmouse-derived Pneumocystis organisms with a total number of 30 distinct combined mtLSU and mtSSU sequence types. However, the genetic divergence among these sequence types was very low (up to 3.87%) and the presence of several Pneumocystis species within Apodemus sylvaticus was considered unlikely. The analysis of the genetic structure of woodmouse-derived Pneumocystis revealed two distinct groups. The first one comprised Pneumocystis from woodmice collected in continental Spain, France and Balearic islands. The second one included Pneumocystis from woodmice collected in continental Italy, Corsica and Sicily. These two genetic groups were in accordance with the two lineages currently described within the host species Apodemus sylvaticus. Pneumocystis organisms are emerging as powerful tools for phylogeographic studies in mammals [less ▲]

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See detailContribution of Revised International Prognostic Scoring System Cytogenetics to Predict Outcome After Allogeneic Stem Cell Transplantation for Myelodysplastic Syndromes: A Study From the Socie 0 te0 FranO´ aise de Greffe de Moelle et The 0 rapies Cellulaires
Gauthier, Jordan; Damaj, Gandhi; Langlois, Carole et al

in Transplantation (in press)

Background. The prognosis of myelodysplastic syndromes (MDS) after allogeneic stem cell transplantation is critically determined by cytogenetic abnormalities, as previously defined by International ... [more ▼]

Background. The prognosis of myelodysplastic syndromes (MDS) after allogeneic stem cell transplantation is critically determined by cytogenetic abnormalities, as previously defined by International Prognostic Scoring System (IPSS) cytogenetics. It has been shown that a new cytogenetic classification, included in the IPSS-R (cytogenetic-IPSS-R [C-IPSS-R]), can better predict the outcome of untreated MDS patients.Methods. In this study, we assessed the impact of the IPSS-R cytogenetic score (C-IPSS-R) on the outcome of 367 MDS patients transplanted from HLA-identical siblings or HLA allele-matched unrelated donors. Results. According to the C-IPSS-R, 178 patients (48%) fell in the good risk, 102 (28%) in the intermediate risk, 77 (21%) in the poor risk, and 10 (3%) in the very poor risk group. In multivariate analysis, after a median follow-up of 4 years, the poor and very poor-risk categories correlated with shorter overall survival (OS) (4-year OS, 32%; hazard ratio [HR], 1.59; P = 0.009 and OS, 10%; HR, 3.18; P = 0.002, respectively) and higher cumulative incidence of relapse (CIR) (CIR, 52%; HR, 1.82; P = 0.004 and CIR, 60%; HR, 2.44; P = 0.060, respectively). Conclusions. Overall, the C-IPSS-R changed the IPSS cytogenetic risk only in 8% of cases but identified a new risk group, the very poor C-IPSS-R category, with dismal outcome after allogeneic stem cell transplantation (10% 4-year OS, 60% 4-year CIR). Posttransplantation maintenance therapy should be investigated in prospective trials for patients with high-risk C-IPSS-R karyotypes. [less ▲]

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See detailRéflexivité et classes sémantiques dans le lexique verbal français
Mazziotta, Nicolas ULg; Stein, Achim

in XXXIII. Tagung des Deutschen Romanistenverbands (DRV) (in press)

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See detailLe Livre et l’Imprimerie : étude sur la production des bibles latines au XVe siècle
Adam, Renaud ULg

in Hermand, Xavier; Ruzzier, Chiara (Eds.) Comment le Livre s’est fait livre. La fabrication des manuscrits bibliques (IVe - XVe siècle) : Bilan, résultats, perspectives de recherche / How the Bible became a Book. The Making of Biblical Manuscripts (4th - 15th centuries) : Appraisals and Perspectives (in press)

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See detailPaul Hymans, la Belgique et les affaires internationales (1914-1927). Un homme et un État dans la « hiérarchie »
Genin, Vincent ULg

in L’arbitre de l’Europe. Fixer, penser, contester les hiérarchies politiques en Europe (in press)

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See detailsynthéticité et intuition en mathématiques contemporaines : Kant au-delà de Kant
Mazurkiewicz, Stany ULg

in Eikasia. Revista de Filosofia. (in press)

Ce texte entend réévaluer l'idée de "pure synthèse intellectuelle" que l'on trouve chez Kant. Celle-ci cadre avec la pratique mathématique et métamathématique postérieure à Kant. Elle permet de dépasser l ... [more ▼]

Ce texte entend réévaluer l'idée de "pure synthèse intellectuelle" que l'on trouve chez Kant. Celle-ci cadre avec la pratique mathématique et métamathématique postérieure à Kant. Elle permet de dépasser l'alternative entre l'intuitionnisme développé dans la Critique de la raison pure et la fondation de la mathématique sur une logique formelle analytique. Je montre que cette idée convient à Bolzano et à Dedekind, dont je soutiens que les projets sont irréductibles à du logicisme et qui sont dès lors bien plus "kantiens" qu'il n'y paraît. [less ▲]

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See detailMesurer les distances entre des textes pré-carolingiens linguistiquement non-normés: le cas de la Passion de sainte Marine
Philippart de Foy, Caroline ULg; Goullet, Monique

in Etudes Classiques (Namur, Belgium) (in press)

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See detailGlycine receptors control the generation of projection neurons in the developing cerebral cortex
Avila, Ariel; Vidal, P.M.; Tielens, Sylvia ULg et al

in Cell Death & Differentiation (in press)

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See detailLe symbolique et le social. La réception internationale de la pensée de Pierre Bourdieu
Durand, Pascal ULg; Dubois, Jacques; Winkin, Yves

Book published by Presses Universitaires de Liège (in press)

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See detailA cross-sectional analysis of developmental trajectories of vocabulary comprehension among children and adolescents with Down syndrome or intellectual disability of undifferentiated aetiology
Facon, Bruno; Courbois, Yannick; Magis, David ULg

in Journal of Intellectual & Developmental Disability (in press)

Background: This work seeks to expand our knowledge of developmental trajectories of subcomponents of the language systems of individuals with intellectual disability (ID). It aims to explore how general ... [more ▼]

Background: This work seeks to expand our knowledge of developmental trajectories of subcomponents of the language systems of individuals with intellectual disability (ID). It aims to explore how general and relational vocabularies evolve as a function of cognitive level. Method: Developmental trajectories of general and relational vocabulary comprehension were compared among typically developing children (TYP) and children and adolescents with ID of undifferentiated aetiology (UND) or Down syndrome (DS). Results: Comparisons between TYP and UND participants showed no interaction between cognitive level and diagnostic status for general vocabulary, and only a very weak interaction for relational vocabulary. Comparisons between TYP and DS participants failed to reveal groupspecific trajectories. Performance in general vocabulary was higher than in relational vocabulary for both UND and DS participants. Conclusion: The developmental trajectories of vocabulary appear to be globally comparable for participants with or without ID. [less ▲]

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See detailLe Portrait d'homme en armure de Giovanni Gerolamo Savoldo, un portrait présumé de Gaston de Foix
Fagnart, Laure ULg

in Barreto, Joana (Ed.) Voir Gaston de Foix. La construction paradoxale d'un mythe national. Actes de la journée d'études tenue au Palazzo Venezia de Rome le 22 juin 2013 (in press)

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See detailThe Profession of Printer in the Southern Netherlands before the Reformation. Considerations on Professional, Religious and State Legislations
Adam, Renaud ULg

in Soen, Violet; Vanysacker, Dries; François, Wim (Eds.) Censorship and Catholic Reform in the Early Modern Low Countries (in press)

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See detailLa question du diagnostic en psychiatrie infanto-juvénile
de Becker, Emmanuel; François, Anne; Kinoo, Philippe et al

in Psychiatrie de l'Enfant (La) (in press)

Dans le vaste champ de l’aide et des soins à l’égard de l’enfant et de l’adolescent, les questions liées au diagnostic transcendent souvent les aspects de prises en charge et de liens thérapeutiques ainsi ... [more ▼]

Dans le vaste champ de l’aide et des soins à l’égard de l’enfant et de l’adolescent, les questions liées au diagnostic transcendent souvent les aspects de prises en charge et de liens thérapeutiques ainsi que les multiples échanges entre professionnels concernés. Le diagnostic pédopsychiatrique est un processus dynamique, modifiable et momentané, les organisations pathologiques étant pour la plupart en transformation permanente. De manière spécifique et en fonction du processus développemental, la thématique du diagnostic en pédopsychiatrie renvoie plus à la question du risque évolutif qu’à la question d’un état pathologique en soi. Les aspects de la continuité des troubles mentaux de l’enfance à l’âge adulte représentent en effet un véritable enjeu développemental. Deux points de vue s’opposent dans la littérature. Le premier, en lien avec un prédéterminisme, estime que les trajectoires sont toutes tracées, l’incertitude reposant dans le diagnostic ; concrètement, il s’agit de repérer de manière précoce des individus à risque parce qu’ils sont porteurs d’un trouble qu’il faut traiter. Le second point de vue considère que les trajectoires ne sont pas déterminées mais sont en réécriture permanente ; ici, le risque ne se situe plus au niveau du diagnostic mais du pronostic, dans un souci de prévention et non de prédiction. L’article propose les réflexions de quatre cliniciens psychiatres infanto-juvéniles sur cette thématique, à la lumière de leur pratique et de leurs échanges. [less ▲]

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See detailElectrical characterization of p-GeSn/n-Ge diodes with interface traps under dc and ac regimes
Baert, Bruno ULg; Gupta, Somya; Gencarelli, Federica et al

in Solid-State Electronics (in press)

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See detailPhénoménologie autrichienne: le programme de Brentano
Dewalque, Arnaud ULg

in Austriaca (in press)

It is usual to think of the spectacular development of the Brentano School in Austria as being tied to the rise of a specific research program, which is sometimes dubbed “Austrian phenomenology”. I ... [more ▼]

It is usual to think of the spectacular development of the Brentano School in Austria as being tied to the rise of a specific research program, which is sometimes dubbed “Austrian phenomenology”. I discuss here some evidences for the existence of such a program. In the discussion, I highlight two claims which I take to be constitutive of the Brentanian phenomenology. The first one is the epistemological claim according to which our concepts all have an empirical origin, which has to be located in the experience we have of our own mental states. The second one is the methodological claim according to which describing a mental phenomenon P is nothing but analysing P, where “analysing P” simply means “distinctly perceiving all the constituents of P”. Although a deeper insight in those two claims would require considerable further investigations, I suggest they should be part of the picture when it comes to adjudicating on the specificity of the Brentanian program. [less ▲]

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See detailLandesbeitrag Belgien : Wesen und Gestalt der Verfassungsgerichtsbarkeit in Belgien
Behrendt, Christian ULg

in von Bogdandy, Armin; Grabenwarter, Christoph; Huber, Peter M. (Eds.) Ius Publicum Europaeum - Band VI - Verfassungsgerichtsbarkeit (in press)

Detailed reference viewed: 97 (11 ULg)