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See detailVirtual reality as a complementary therapy to sexual addiction treatment
Cismaru Inescu, Adina; Andrianne, Robert ULg; Triffaux, Jean-Marc ULg

in International Journal of Advanced Computer Science (in press), 3(7), 1-5

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See detailTowards a critical philosophy of norms
Pieron, Julien ULg

in de Beistegui, Miguel; Bianco, Giuseppe; Gracieuse, Marjorie (Eds.) The Care of Life : Transdisciplinary perspectives in Bioethics and Biopolitics (in press)

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See detailÀ propos de deux pièges en psychopathologie
Englebert, Jérôme ULg

in Le Cercle Herméneutique (in press), 22

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See detailEarly neuropsychological detection of Alzheimer's disease
Bastin, Christine ULg; Salmon, Eric ULg

in European Journal of Clinical Nutrition (in press)

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See detailL'impact de la gestion de la mobilité par les entreprises wallonnes sur les déplacements domicile-travail
Halleux, Jean-Marie ULg; Vandermeer, Marie-Caroline ULg

in Recherche - Transports - Securité (in press)

Although mobility management by employers is an increasingly common practice, literature is scarce on the real impact of the applied measures. In this perspective, the objective of this paper is to assess ... [more ▼]

Although mobility management by employers is an increasingly common practice, literature is scarce on the real impact of the applied measures. In this perspective, the objective of this paper is to assess the impact on car use of the measures adopted by employers located in Wallonia. In order to achieve this objective, the article develops simulations that put forward the impact of the measures based on their interrelations with other modal choice factors. Our assessment leads to the conclusion that measures promoting public transport and car-pooling can reduce solo car driving between 7,2 % and 8,4 %. In contrast to our assumption, measures promoting public transport are less effective in central areas than in urban outskirts. Regarding measures promoting the use of bicycle, the findings suggest that the modal shift occurs from other modes rather than from car use. [less ▲]

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See detailL'art délicat de la prononciation ... néerlandaise
Rasier, Laurent ULg

Article for general public (in press)

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See detailCan Lignin Wastes Originating From Cellulosic Ethanol Biorefineries Act as Radical Scavenging Agents?
Vanderghem, Caroline ULg; Jacquet, Nicolas ULg; Richel, Aurore ULg

in Australian Journal of Chemistry (in press)

Lignin is a co-product from the biorefinery and paper industry. Its non-energetic valorization remains a field of extensive R&D developments. In this perspective, this study is undertaken to evaluate the ... [more ▼]

Lignin is a co-product from the biorefinery and paper industry. Its non-energetic valorization remains a field of extensive R&D developments. In this perspective, this study is undertaken to evaluate the radical scavenging ability of some herbaceous lignins. These lignins, extracted from Miscanthus (Miscanthus x giganteus) or Switchgrass (Panicum Virgatum L.), are selected as benchmarks for this study as a function of their chemical structure and average molecular weight. These technical lignins, side-products in the bioethanol production process, are found to display a moderate antioxidant activity as evaluated by the DPPH (1,1-diphenyl-2-picrylhydrazil) free radical scavenging test system. A correlation between the radical scavenging properties and the molecular features is proposed and discussed. Infrared spectroscopy is evaluated as a straightforward qualitative prediction tool for the radical scavenging capacity. [less ▲]

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See detailContrastief woordenboek Nederlands-Frans
Theissen, Siegfried ULg; Hiligsmann, Philippe; Rasier, Laurent ULg et al

Book published by Acco (in press)

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See detail100 fautes en néerlandais. Les erreurs des francophones corrigées et expliquées
Hiligsmann, Philippe; Degrave, Pauline; Van Goethem, Kristel et al

Book published by De Boeck (in press)

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See detailDe beklemtoning van samenstellingen in de tussentaal van Franstalige leerders van het Nederlands uit het immersie- en niet-immersieonderwijs
Bui-Anh, Vu ULg; Jouniaux, Anthony; Hiligsmann, Philippe et al

in N/F (in press), 12

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See detailPhénoménologie brentanienne
Dewalque, Arnaud ULg

in Austriaca (in press)

Mon ambition est de mettre en lumière quelques traits distinctifs du programme d’analyse de l’esprit développé par Franz Brentano et les membres de son école. Plus spécialement, je suggérerai qu’il y a un ... [more ▼]

Mon ambition est de mettre en lumière quelques traits distinctifs du programme d’analyse de l’esprit développé par Franz Brentano et les membres de son école. Plus spécialement, je suggérerai qu’il y a un sens à parler d’une authentique phénoménologie brentanienne. J’entends par là un programme de recherche original, distinct notamment de la phénoménologie de Husserl – qui, à partir de 1903, n’est plus conçue comme une psychologie empirique ni, a fortiori, comme une psychologie expérimentale – et de la « phénoménologie » de Stumpf – qui, se rattachant à la tradition plus ancienne d’une Empfindungslehre, désigne exclusivement l’étude des phénomènes sensibles ou des matériaux sensoriels . Ma conviction est qu’un examen attentif des caractéristiques propres à la phénoménologie ou psychologie descriptive d’inspiration brentanienne est une bonne manière de donner un sens à l’expression de « phénoménologie autrichienne » qui a été proposée, dans la littérature, pour désigner le champ d’investigation ouvert par Brentano et les brentaniens. [less ▲]

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See detailFractionation of apple by-products as source of new ingredients: Current situation and perspectives
Rabetafika, Holy-Nadia ULg; Bchir, Brahim; Blecker, Christophe ULg et al

in Trends in Food Science & Technology (in press)

Apple (Malus sp.) is among the most processed fruit that generates high amount of wastes. Depending on processes, various by-products are available offering a great diversity of low-cost raw materials ... [more ▼]

Apple (Malus sp.) is among the most processed fruit that generates high amount of wastes. Depending on processes, various by-products are available offering a great diversity of low-cost raw materials. Biorefinery processes are expected to convert them into new added-value products such as hemicelluloses, oligosaccharides and polyphenols. This paper reviews the current uses of apple by-products as source of fibre and phytochemicals with special emphasis on recent fractionation processes. Future trends and challenges of apple by-product reuse are discussed. [less ▲]

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See detailA review of inversion techniques related to the use of relationship matrices in animal breeding
Faux, Pierre ULg; Gengler, Nicolas ULg

in Biotechnologie, Agronomie, Société et Environnement = Biotechnology, Agronomy, Society and Environment [=BASE] (in press)

In animal breeding, prediction of genetic effects is usually obtained through the use of mixed models. For any of these genetic effects, mixed models require the inversion of the covariance matrix ... [more ▼]

In animal breeding, prediction of genetic effects is usually obtained through the use of mixed models. For any of these genetic effects, mixed models require the inversion of the covariance matrix associated to that effect, which is equal to the associated relationship matrix times the associated component of the genetic variance. Given the size of many genetic evaluation systems, computing the inverses of these relationship matrices is not trivial. In this review, we aim to cover computational techniques that ease inversion of relationship matrices used in animal breeding for prediction of the following different types of genetic effects: additive effect, gametic effect, effect due to presence of marked quantitative trait loci, dominance effect and different epistasis effects. Construction rules and inversion algorithms are detailed for each relationship matrix. In the final discussion, we draw up a common theoretical frame to most of the reviewed techniques. Two computational constraints come out of this theoretical frame: setting up the matrix of dependencies between levels of the effect and setting up some parts (diagonal or block-diagonal elements) of the relationship matrix to be inverted. [less ▲]

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See detailThe construction of workers’ rights consciousness through legal intermediations: the case of employment discrimination in Belgium
Lejeune, Aude ULg; Orianne, Jean-François ULg

in International Journal of Discrimination and the Law (in press)

Through their different encounters with union, court, and government equality agency lawyers, workers report diverse understandings of their personal experience of injustice in the workplace. This paper ... [more ▼]

Through their different encounters with union, court, and government equality agency lawyers, workers report diverse understandings of their personal experience of injustice in the workplace. This paper examines workers’ experiences of discrimination and the role legal professionals play in litigating these issues in Belgium. Bringing together legal and rights consciousness studies and the sociology of intermediation and tracking different stages in the construction of discrimination cases, from the moment when a future litigant describes an event as an injustice to the moment when the judge recognises a discriminatory behaviour (or conversely, dismisses a case), we suggest several possible empirical explanations of the way in which interactions with legal intermediaries affect workers’ rights consciousness. Because we refer to socio-legal studies from common law countries, this paper also calls into question how best to import these studies to assist in analysing legal mobilisations and legal consciousness in continental Europe. [less ▲]

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See detailThe strength of multi-row models
Louveaux, Quentin ULg; Poirrier, Laurent; Salvagnin, Domenico

in Mathematical Programming Computation (in press)

We develop a method for computing facet-defining valid inequalities for any mixed-integer set PJ. Our practical implementation does not return only facet- defining inequalities, but it is able to find a ... [more ▼]

We develop a method for computing facet-defining valid inequalities for any mixed-integer set PJ. Our practical implementation does not return only facet- defining inequalities, but it is able to find a separating cut whenever one exists. The separator is not comparable in speed with the specific cutting-plane generators used in branch-and-cut solvers, but it is general-purpose. We can thus use it to compute cuts derived from any reasonably small relaxation PJ of a general mixed- integer problem, even when there exists no specific implementation for computing cuts with PJ. Exploiting this, we evaluate, from a computational perspective, the usefulness of cuts derived from several types of multi-row relaxations. In particular, we present results with four different strengthenings of the two-row intersection cut model, and multi-row models with up to fifteen rows. We conclude that only fully-strengthened two-row cuts seem to offer a significant advantage over two-row intersection cuts. Our results also indicate that the improvement obtained by going from models with very few rows to models with up to fifteen rows may not be worth the increased computing cost. [less ▲]

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See detailPolymer topology revealed by ion mobility coupled with mass spectrometry
Morsa, Denis ULg; Defize, Thomas ULg; Dehareng, Dominique ULg et al

in Analytical Chemistry (in press)

Hyperbranched and star shaped polymers have raised tremendous interests because of their unusual structural and photochemical properties which provide them potent applications in various domains, namely ... [more ▼]

Hyperbranched and star shaped polymers have raised tremendous interests because of their unusual structural and photochemical properties which provide them potent applications in various domains, namely in the biomedical field. In this context, the development of adequate tools aiming to probe particular three-dimensional features of such polymers is of crucial importance. In this present work, ion mobility coupled with mass spectrometry was used to experimentally derive structural information related to cationized linear and star-shaped poly-ε-caprolactones as a function of their charge state and chain length. Two major conformations were observed and identified using theoretical modeling: (1) near spherical conformations whose size is invariant with the polymer topology for long and lightly charged chains and (2) elongated conformations whose size varies with the polymer topology for short and highly charged chains. These conformations were further confirmed by collisional activation experiments based on the ejection thresholds of the coordinated cations that vary according to the elongation amplitude of the polymer chains. Finally, a comparison between solution and gas-phase conformations highlights a compaction of the structure with a loss of specific chain arrangements during the ionization and desolvation steps of the electrospray process, fueling the long-time debated question related to the preservation of the analyte structure during the transfer into the mass spectrometer. [less ▲]

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See detailIdentifying Semitic loanwords in Late Egyptian
Winand, Jean ULg

in Dils, Peter; Grossman, Eitan; Richter, Sebastian (Eds.) et al Language Contact and Bilingualism in antiquity: What Linguistic Borrowing into Coptic can tell us about it (in press)

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See detailUnified method to integrate and blend several, potentially related, sources of information for genetic evaluation
Vandenplas, Jérémie ULg; Colinet, Frédéric ULg; Gengler, Nicolas ULg

in Genetics, Selection, Evolution (in press)

Background A condition to predict unbiased estimated breeding values by best linear unbiased prediction is to use simultaneously all available data. However, this condition is not often fully met. For ... [more ▼]

Background A condition to predict unbiased estimated breeding values by best linear unbiased prediction is to use simultaneously all available data. However, this condition is not often fully met. For example, in dairy cattle, internal (i.e. local) populations lead to evaluations based only on internal records while widely used foreign sires have been selected using internally unavailable external records. In such cases, internal genetic evaluations may be less accurate and biased. Because external records are unavailable, methods were developed to combine external information that summarizes these records, i.e. external estimated breeding values and associated reliabilities, with internal records to improve accuracy of internal genetic evaluations. Two issues of these methods concern double-counting of contributions due to relationships and due to records. These issues could be worse if external information came from several evaluations, at least partially based on the same records, and combined into a single internal evaluation. Based on a Bayesian approach, the aim of this research was to develop a unified method to integrate and blend simultaneously several sources of information into an internal genetic evaluation by avoiding double-counting of contributions due to relationships and due to records. Results This research resulted in equations that integrate and blend simultaneously several sources of information and avoid double-counting of contributions due to relationships and due to records. The performance of the developed equations was evaluated using simulated and real datasets. The results showed that the developed equations integrated and blended several sources of information well into a genetic evaluation. The developed equations also avoided double-counting of contributions due to relationships and due to records. Furthermore, because all available external sources of information were correctly propagated, relatives of external animals benefited from the integrated information and, therefore, more reliable estimated breeding values were obtained. Conclusions The proposed unified method integrated and blended several sources of information well into a genetic evaluation by avoiding double-counting of contributions due to relationships and due to records. The unified method can also be extended to other types of situations such as single-step genomic or multi-trait evaluations, combining information across different traits. [less ▲]

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See detailEnjeux de la vannerie dans 1 les aires protégées de Madagascar
Guillaud, Sylvie; Vermeulen, Cédric ULg

in Bois et Forêts des Tropiques (in press)

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See detailIntroduction
de Haro Sanchez, Magali ULg; Tissi, Lucia Maddalena

in de Haro Sanchez, Magali (Ed.) "Écrire la magie dans l'Antiquité - Scrivere la magia nell'Antichità". Actes du colloque international (Liège, 13-15 octobre 2011) (in press)

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