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See detailFrom "The Stranger" to "The Outsider": The different English translations of "L'Etranger", the Postcolonial, and the Memorialization of Camus in Post-Imperial France
Munos, Delphine ULg

in Misrahi-Barak, Judith; Devi, Srilata (Eds.) Translating the Postcolonial (in press)

A French writer born on North African soil and a pied-noir who opposed both the O.A.S. and the F.L.N., Albert Camus has always enjoyed a problematic status in post-imperial France, a country where the ... [more ▼]

A French writer born on North African soil and a pied-noir who opposed both the O.A.S. and the F.L.N., Albert Camus has always enjoyed a problematic status in post-imperial France, a country where the taboos surrounding the Algerian War have been kept alive by left- and right-wingers alike. While on the one hand right-wing French politicians have recurrently appealed to Pied-Noir ‘nostalgéria’ to justify their stubborn stance of non-repentance as regards the 130 years of colonization in Algeria, on the other, influential left-wing figures, such as Pierre Nora, have participated in a climate of intellectual atrophy by joining what British historian Perry Anderson has recently called “union sucrée,” that is, sugar-coated, and self-indulgent, versions of France and its colonial past. The difficult, even impossible, memorialization of Camus and his work in today’s France was evidenced again on the eve of the writer’s centenary. In 2012, the project of a major Camus exhibition in Aix-en-Provence for Marseille-Provence European Capital of Culture 2013 was stalled, following on the brutal eviction of its curator, French Algeria historian Benjamin Stora, by arch-conservative Aix-en-Provence mayor Maryse Joissains-Masini. Certainly, the subsequent absence of official celebrations in France surrounding Camus’ 100th birthday implied that the specificity of Camus’ liberal pied-noir voice would still remain silenced there for quite some time. But it also gave new momentum to U.S. historian Todd Shepard’s suggestion that the all-too-easy conflation of ‘pied-noir’ and ‘right-wing extremist’ (which has been dominant in France since the start of the Fifth Republic, at times correctly so) has helped naturalize the construction of some post-imperial ‘all-good-again’ Frenchness, in particular maintain the comforting belief that the “‘Algerian experience’ had been an unfortunate colonial detour, from which the French Republic had now escaped” (The Invention of Decolonization, 11). Can it be that Camus’s heritage is a “burning” one (cf. Stora’s Camus brûlant (2013)) because the irreconcilability of his work and commitments with the utilitarian image of the pied noir extrémiste would reveal the extent to which today’s France is dependent on this same image to keep the memory of its own involvement in colonialism at bay? This question constitutes the starting point of my discussion of Sandra Smith’s new translation of L’Etranger (2013), which appeared in the same year as two other books also inviting us to reconsider the actuality of Camus’ Algerian legacy from a non-French perspective – namely Kamel Daoud’s Meursault, contre-enquête, a retelling of Camus’ classic which was published in Algeria, and Arthur Goldhammer’s translation, for the first time in English, of Camus’s Algerian Chronicles, which offers the writer’s final word on the Algerian question. Taking my cue from Mona Baker, who argues that “translators […] play a crucial role in both disseminating and contesting public narratives with and across national boundaries” (Translation and Conflict, 4-5), I intend to contextualize Smith’s new translation of Camus’s classic within a broader frame of contemporary attempts at problematizing the strategic pigeonholing of Camus as colonialist, decades after Edward Said’s pronouncement that The Stranger was informed by an “incapacitated colonial sensibility” (Culture and Imperialism, 176). Lawrence Venutti has argued that “the intertextual and interdiscursive relations that a translation establishes are not merely interpretative, but also potentially interrogative” (Translation Changes Everything 182). My hypothesis is that Smith’s translation strategy, which includes the re-humanization of Meursault, creates a web of new meanings that participate in opening a space through which Camus’ anti-hero can be seen both as an outsider and an insider to French Algeria – a space that might reach backward and forward, with a potential for complicating the pieties of post-imperial France. [less ▲]

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See detailDPSC colonization of functionalized 3D textiles
Ortiz, Marine; Rosales-Ibáñez, R; Pozos-Guillén, A. et al

in Journal of Biomedical Materials Research, Part B : Applied Biomaterials (in press)

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See detailÉVOLUTION DE LA TENEUR EN EAU LE LONG D’UNE TOPOSEQUENCE FORESTIERE ARGILO-LIMONEUSE
Deraedt, Deborah ULg; Colinet, Gilles ULg; Degré, Aurore ULg

in Milieux Poreux et Transferts Hydriques (in press)

For the hydrological modeling of forested watersheds, the understanding of the forest hydrodynamic is essential. This study focusses on the hydrology of a Belgian forested plot with high stoniness and ... [more ▼]

For the hydrological modeling of forested watersheds, the understanding of the forest hydrodynamic is essential. This study focusses on the hydrology of a Belgian forested plot with high stoniness and steep slope. The soil water content is monitored at several positions on the toposequence and at different depth. During rain events, peak in soil water content are observed in different depth depending on the position along the toposequence. [less ▲]

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See detailFunctional analysis of dual-specificity protein phosphatases in angiogenesis
Amand, Mathieu; ERPICUM, Charlotte ULg; Gilles, Christine ULg et al

in Pulido, Rafael (Ed.) Protein Tyrosine Phosphatases: Methods and Protocols (in press)

Therapeutic perspectives targeting angiogenesis in cancer stimulated an intense investigation of the mechanisms triggering and governing angiogenic processes. Several publications have highlighted the ... [more ▼]

Therapeutic perspectives targeting angiogenesis in cancer stimulated an intense investigation of the mechanisms triggering and governing angiogenic processes. Several publications have highlighted the importance of typical dual-specificity phosphatases (DSPs) or MKPs in endothelial cells and their role in controlling different biological functions implicated in angiogenesis such as migration, proliferation, apoptosis, tubulogenesis and cell adhesion. However, among atypical DSPs, the only one investigated in angiogenesis was DUSP3. We recently identified this DSP as new key player in endothelial cells and angiogenesis. In this chapter we provide with detailed protocols and models used to investigate the role of DUSP3 in endothelial cells and angiogenesis. We start the chapter with an overview of the role of several DSPs in angiogenesis. We continue with providing a full description of a highly efficient transfection protocol to deplete DUSP3 using small interfering RNA (siRNA) in the primary Human Umbilical Vein Endothelial Cells (HUVEC). We next describe the major assays used to investigate different processes involved in angiogenesis such as tube formation assay, proliferation assay and spheroids sprouting assay. We finish the chapter by validating our results in DUSP3-knockout mice using in vivo angiogenesis assays such as Matrigel plug and Lewis lung carcinoma cell subcutaneous xenograft model followed by anti-CD31 immunofluorescence and ex vivo aortic ring assay. All methods described can be adapted to other phosphatases and signaling molecules. [less ▲]

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See detailFunctional analysis of protein tyrosine phosphatases in thrombosis and haemostasis
Rahmouni, Souad ULg; Hego, Alexandre ULg; Delierneux, Céline ULg et al

in Protein Tyrosine Phosphatases: Methods and Protocols (in press)

Platelets are small blood cells derived from cytoplasmic fragments of megakaryocytes and play an essential role in thrombosis and haemostasis. Platelet activation depends on the rapid phosphorylation and ... [more ▼]

Platelets are small blood cells derived from cytoplasmic fragments of megakaryocytes and play an essential role in thrombosis and haemostasis. Platelet activation depends on the rapid phosphorylation and dephosphorylation of key signaling molecules, and a number of kinases and phosphatases have been identified as major regulators of platelet function. However, the investigation of novel signaling proteins has suffered from technical limitations due to the anucleate nature of platelets and their very limited levels of mRNA and de novo protein synthesis. In the past, experimental methods were restricted to the generation of genetically modified mice and the development of specific antibodies. More recently, novel (phospho)proteomic technologies and pharmacological approaches using specific small-molecule inhibitors have added additional capabilities to investigate specific platelet proteins. In this chapter, we report methods for using genetic and pharmacological approaches to investigate the function of platelet signaling proteins. While the described experiments focus on the role of the dual-specificity phosphatase 3 (DUSP3) in platelet signaling, the presented methods are applicable to any signaling enzyme. Specifically, we describe a testing strategy that includes 1) aggregation and secretion experiments with mouse and human platelets, 2) immunoprecipitation and immunoblot assays to study platelet signaling events, 3) detailed protocols to use selected animal models in order to investigate thrombosis and haemostasis in vivo, and 4) strategies for utilizing pharmacological inhibitors on human platelets. [less ▲]

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See detailFirst record of the mangrove palm Nypa from the northeastern Ebro basin, Spain: with taphonomic criteria to evaluate the drifting duration
Moreno-Dominguez, Rafael; Cascales-Miñana, Borja ULg; Ferrer, Javier et al

in Geologica Acta (in press)

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See detailLes Trois Trois Petits Cochons et le Grand Méchant Loup. La rencontre de deux archétypes
Jousten, Lison ULg

in La revue des lettres modernes (in press)

Image de la menace par excellence, le Grand Méchant Loup est un adversaire dont on ne compte plus les apparitions, notamment dans les fictions destinées au jeune public. Dans Les Trois Petits Cochons, qui ... [more ▼]

Image de la menace par excellence, le Grand Méchant Loup est un adversaire dont on ne compte plus les apparitions, notamment dans les fictions destinées au jeune public. Dans Les Trois Petits Cochons, qui s’impose comme cas d’école parmi ces récits où surgit l’animal redouté, le loup devient l’ennemi du cochon, une créature traditionnellement associée à l’enfance. Ce tandem, qui repose sur un principe général d’opposition, brasse avec lui une série de représentations qui transparaissent en filigrane. Le détour opéré par l’histoire culturelle du cochon et quelques-uns de ses prolongements cinématographiques permet de dessiner progressivement les contours de la place occupée par le loup dans ce conte. [less ▲]

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See detailCosimo I de’ Medici conteso. Rivalità tra Pietro Aretino e Pierfrancesco Riccio
Geremicca, Antonio ULg

in Geremicca, Antonio; Miesse, Hélène (Eds.) Essere uomini di “lettere”: segretari e politica culturale nel Cinquecento (in press)

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See detailEssere uomini di “lettere”: segretari e politica culturale nel Cinquecento
Geremicca, Antonio ULg; Miesse, Hélène ULg

Book published by Franco Cesati - 1re éd. (in press)

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See detailIntrecci virtuosi. Letterati, artisti e accademie nell’Italia Centrale tra Cinque e Seicento: Roma e Firenze
Geremicca, Antonio ULg; Chiummo, Carla; Tosini, Patrizia

Book published by De Luca - 1re éd. (in press)

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See detailBenedetto Varchi e gli artisti: prima e dopo l'Accademia fiorentina
Geremicca, Antonio ULg

in Geremicca, Antonio; Chiummo, Carla; Tosini, Patrizia (Eds.) Intrecci virtuosi. Letterati, artisti e accademie nell’Italia Centrale tra Cinque e Seicento: Roma e Firenze (in press)

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See detailNote a Jacopino del Conte e approfondimenti sulla sua attività giovanile
Geremicca, Antonio ULg

in Proporzioni. Annali della Fondazione Roberto Longhi (in press)

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See detailPerformance characteristics of the VIDAS 25-OH Vitamin D total assay - comparison with four immunoassays and two liquid chromatography-tandem mass spectrometry methods in a multicentric study
Moreau, E; Bächer, S; Mery, S et al

in Clinical Chemistry & Laboratory Medicine (in press)

Background: The study was conducted to evaluate the analytical and clinical performance of the VIDAS® 25-OH Vitamin D Total assay. The clinical performance of the assay was compared with four other ... [more ▼]

Background: The study was conducted to evaluate the analytical and clinical performance of the VIDAS® 25-OH Vitamin D Total assay. The clinical performance of the assay was compared with four other immunoassays against the results of two different liquid chromatography/ mass spectrometry methods (LC-MS/MS) standardized to NIST reference materials. Methods: VIDAS® 25-OH Vitamin D Total assay precision, linearity, detection limits and sample matrix comparison were assessed following CLSI guidelines. For method comparison, a total of 150 serum samples ranging from 7 to 92 ng/mL were analyzed by all the methods. Correlation was studied using Passing-Bablok regression and Bland- Altman analysis. The concordance correlation coefficient (CCC) was calculated to evaluate agreement between immunoassays and the reference LC-MS/MS method. In addition, samples containing endogenous 25(OH)D2 were used to assess each immunoassay’s ability to detect this analyte. Pregnancy and hemodialysis samples were used to the study the effect of vitamin D binding protein (DBP) concentration over VIDAS® assay performance. Results: The VIDAS® 25-OH Vitamin D Total assay showed excellent correlation to the LC-MS/MS results (y = 1.01x+0.22 ng/mL, r = 0.93), as obtained from two different sites and distinct LC-MS/MS methods. The limit of quantification was determined at 8.1 ng/mL. Cross-reactivity for 25(OH)D2 was over 80%. At concentrations of 10.5, 26 and 65.1 ng/mL, within-run CVs were 7.9%, 3.6% and 1.7%, while total CVs (between runs, calibrations, lots and instruments) were 16.0%, 4.5% and 2.8%. The VIDAS® performance was not influenced by altered DBP levels, though under-recovery of 25(OH)D as compared to LC-MS/ MS was observed for hemodialysis samples. Conclusions: The VIDAS® 25-OH Vitamin D Total assay is therefore considered suitable for assessment of vitamin D status in clinical routine. Keywords: assay performance; liquid chromatography/ [less ▲]

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See detailShopping, Cooking, Belonging. Diversifying dietary practices in Moroccan families in a context of migration in Milan
Mescoli, Elsa ULg

in Diasio, Nicoletta; Julien, Marie-Pierre (Eds.) De la contrainte à l’innovation dans les pratiques alimentaires (in press)

Les études contemporaines autour des cultures alimentaires, menées au départ de différentes perspectives disciplinaires, mettent en évidence le dynamisme interne et interrelationnel qui caractérise les ... [more ▼]

Les études contemporaines autour des cultures alimentaires, menées au départ de différentes perspectives disciplinaires, mettent en évidence le dynamisme interne et interrelationnel qui caractérise les gastronomies, plutôt qu’une « pureté » et un « immobilisme » originels (La Cecla, 1998). Cependant, lorsque l’analyse est portée sur le rapport entre alimentation et migration, une essentialisation des pratiques est souvent produite, plaçant ces dernières dans l’un ou l’autre de deux pôles opposés : le modèle alimentaire associé au pays d’origine et celui majoritairement diffusé dans le pays d’accueil. Une évaluation de ces habitudes ainsi que d’une éventuelle résistance au changement, permettrait d’établir la disposition des migrants à « s’intégrer » à la société locale (Bastenier et Dassetto, 1993 ; De Lesdain, 2002 ; Scardella et al., 2003). Dans ce contexte discursif, où l’inclusion des individus dans certains groupes (la communauté majoritaire, la collectivité « saine » etc.) se fait par l’adhésion aux normes locales, les familles issues de la migration performent leur quotidien alimentaire. Bricoler avec ces normes surdéterminées leur permet d’exprimer une créativité qui se met en œuvre à plusieurs niveaux : celui de l’approvisionnement, celui de la préparation des repas, celui de la transmission des savoir-faire entre les générations. Ces dynamiques seront explorées au travers de l’analyse des données collectées lors d’un travail de terrain mené pendant dix-huit mois au milieu d’un groupe de femmes marocaines résidant dans la province de Milan en Italie. Observations et entretiens ont été conduits à la fois dans les maisons et dans les espaces publics. Ils portaient sur les (micro-)pratiques alimentaires entendues comme facteurs centraux dans la définition du Soi, suivant une approche praxéologique à la subjectivation (Warnier, 2001). Grâce à cette analyse, il sera possible de constater qu’un modèle alimentaire composite se redéfinit au niveau familial, bien qu’il ne soit pas exempté de l’effet de dynamiques culturelles, sociales, économiques et politiques plus amples et apparemment structurantes. On assiste en fait à une diversification et innovation des pratiques. D’un côté, avec leurs déplacements pour faire leurs achats, femmes et hommes dessinent des chorégraphies complexes à l’intérieur de la ville, et ils engagent aussi une circulation transnationale de biens alimentaires. D’un autre côté, mères et filles puisent de savoirs et savoir-faire différents et s’appuient sur une pluralité d’outils (mémoire incorporée, bouche à oreille, livres de recettes, internet) pour faire face à leurs exigences alimentaires. Ainsi, les familles continuent d’effectuer un choix actif en matière d’alimentation. [less ▲]

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See detailL'extrême droite en Europe
Jamin, Jérôme ULg

Book published by Bruylant (in press)

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See detail1929 et le populisme aux Etats-Unis. Les cas du père Coughlin et de Huey Long
Jamin, Jérôme ULg

in Provenzano, François; Goin, Emilie (Eds.) Usages du peuple (in press)

Detailed reference viewed: 26 (6 ULg)