Last 7 days
Bookmark and Share    
Full Text
Peer Reviewed
See detailA novel SMAD3 mutation caused multiple aneurysms in a patient without osteoarthritis symptoms
Courtois, Audrey ULg; Coppieters, Wouter ULg; BOURS, Vincent ULg et al

in European Journal of Medical Genetics (2017)

Detailed reference viewed: 32 (4 ULg)
Full Text
Peer Reviewed
See detailDéficits de la conscience autonoétique et de la mémoire autobiographique: résultats d'une intervention cognitive dans la schizophrénie.
Boulanger, Marie ULg; Neumann, Aurore; Blairy, Sylvie ULg

in Pratiques Psychologiques (2017)

The study evaluates the effects of a cognitive intervention called Self-Awareness Therapy (SAT) on abilities of mental time travel in deficit in schizophrenia. Among whole schizophrenia participants ... [more ▼]

The study evaluates the effects of a cognitive intervention called Self-Awareness Therapy (SAT) on abilities of mental time travel in deficit in schizophrenia. Among whole schizophrenia participants, seven participated in SAT, four took part in the Integrative Program Therapy (IPT) and six followed a treatment as usual. Before and after interventions, participants were asked to complete TEMPau for autonoetic awareness and autobiographical memory such as TeMA, for autobiographical memory and projection into future events. Intragroups and individual statistical analyses were conducted. The participants of SAT intervention reported more specific past TEMPau and future specific events on TeMA after therapy. Results support that, in schizophrenia, the retrieving of past specific memories and projection into future specific events could be improved under certain conditions only. [less ▲]

Detailed reference viewed: 30 (3 ULg)
Full Text
Peer Reviewed
See detailNew computational method of the ball/race contacts transverse loads of high speed ball bearings without race control hypothesis
Servais, Christophe ULg

in Tribology International (2017)

Some hypotheses are still necessary in order to access the ball bearing Newtonian equilibrium with quasi-static methods. Among these hypotheses are the values of the transverse loads within ball/race ... [more ▼]

Some hypotheses are still necessary in order to access the ball bearing Newtonian equilibrium with quasi-static methods. Among these hypotheses are the values of the transverse loads within ball/race contacts. Those loads are due to the gyroscopic torques. Nowadays, the transverse loads are estimated without any equilibrium criterion by the specialized literature. Moreover, the race control assumption is often employed in addition to the hypotheses made about the transverse loads. The paper describes a new method to compute the transverse loads without using the race control assumption. Then, a correlation between the ball bearing kinematics and the transverse loads is established. It leads to an accurate and efficient computational method to access the Newtonian equilibrium of high speed ball bearings. [less ▲]

Detailed reference viewed: 25 (4 ULg)
Peer Reviewed
See detailL'affaire Jean-Claude Romand. Entre vérité et mensonge, réalité et fiction
Thirion, Nicolas ULg; Pasteger, David ULg; Flores-Lonjou, Magalie

in Miniato, Lionel; Jouve, Emeline (Eds.) Chronique judiciaire et fictionnalisation du procès. Discours, récits et représentations (2017)

Detailed reference viewed: 26 (1 ULg)
Full Text
Peer Reviewed
See detailMRI follow-up is unnecessary in patients with macroprolactinomas and long-term normal prolactin levels on dopamine agonist treatment.
Eroukhmanoff, J.; Tejedor, I.; Potorac, Iulia ULg et al

in European Journal of Endocrinology (2017), 176(3), 323-328

OBJECTIVE: Both antitumor and antisecretory efficacies of dopamine agonists (DA) make them the first-line treatment of macroprolactinomas. However, there is no guideline for MRI follow-up once prolactin ... [more ▼]

OBJECTIVE: Both antitumor and antisecretory efficacies of dopamine agonists (DA) make them the first-line treatment of macroprolactinomas. However, there is no guideline for MRI follow-up once prolactin is controlled. The aim of our study was to determine whether a regular MRI follow-up was necessary in patients with long-term normal prolactin levels under DA. PATIENTS AND METHODS: We conducted a retrospective multicenter study (Marseille, Paris La Pitie Salpetriere and Nancy, France; Liege, Belgium) including patients with macroprolactinomas (largest diameter: >10 mm and baseline prolactin level: >100 ng/mL) treated by dopamine agonists, and regularly followed (pituitary MRI and prolactin levels) during at least 48 months once normal prolactin level was obtained. RESULTS: In total, 115 patients were included (63 men and 52 women; mean age at diagnosis: 36.3 years). Mean baseline prolactin level was 2224 +/- 6839 ng/mL. No significant increase of tumor volume was observed during the follow-up. Of the 21 patients (18%) who presented asymptomatic hemorrhagic changes of the macroprolactinoma on MRI, 2 had a tumor increase (2 and 7 mm in the largest size). Both were treated by cabergoline (1 mg/week) with normal prolactin levels obtained for 6 and 24 months. For both patients, no further growth was observed on MRI during follow-up at the same dose of cabergoline. CONCLUSION: No significant increase of tumor size was observed in our patients with controlled prolactin levels on DA. MRI follow-up thus appears unnecessary in patients with biologically controlled macroprolactinomas. [less ▲]

Detailed reference viewed: 25 (2 ULg)
Full Text
Peer Reviewed
See detailL’indemnité de procédure, l’appel de la partie civile et l’acquittement du prévenu : la croix et la bannière ?
Michiels, Olivier ULg; Falque, Géraldine ULg

in Revue de Droit Pénal et de Criminologie (2017), 2017/1

En ce qu’il ne permet pas au juge répressif d’accorder au prévenu acquitté et au civilement responsable une indemnité de procédure d’appel à charge de la partie civile succombante qui, en l’absence de ... [more ▼]

En ce qu’il ne permet pas au juge répressif d’accorder au prévenu acquitté et au civilement responsable une indemnité de procédure d’appel à charge de la partie civile succombante qui, en l’absence de tout recours du ministère public, a interjeté appel d’un jugement d’acquittement statuant sur une action intentée par le ministère public, l’article 162bis, alinéa 2, du Code d’instruction criminelle viole les articles 10 et 11 de la Constitution. [less ▲]

Detailed reference viewed: 25 (2 ULg)
Full Text
Peer Reviewed
See detailQue peut la doctrine en droit des sociétés (et ailleurs)?
Thirion, Nicolas ULg

in Revue Pratique des Sociétés - Tijdschrift voor Rechtspersoon en Vennootschap (2017), 1

A quelle condition la doctrine peut-elle relever d'une démarche proprement scientifique? Telle est la question qu'abord cet éditorial.

Detailed reference viewed: 33 (4 ULg)
Full Text
Peer Reviewed
See detailEffects of non-invasive vagus nerve stimulation on attack frequency over time and expanded response rates in patients with chronic cluster headache: a post hoc analysis of the randomised, controlled PREVA study
Gaul, Charly; MAGIS, Delphine ULg; Liebler, Eric et al

in Journal of Headache and Pain (2017), 18

Background: In the PREVention and Acute treatment of chronic cluster headache (PREVA) study, attack frequency reductions from baseline were significantly more pronounced with non-invasive vagus nerve ... [more ▼]

Background: In the PREVention and Acute treatment of chronic cluster headache (PREVA) study, attack frequency reductions from baseline were significantly more pronounced with non-invasive vagus nerve stimulation plus standard of care (nVNS + SoC) than with SoC alone. Given the intensely painful and frequent nature of chronic cluster headache attacks, additional patient-centric outcomes, including the time to and level of therapeutic response, were evaluated in a post hoc analysis of the PREVA study. Findings: After a 2-week baseline phase, 97 patients with chronic cluster headache entered a 4-week randomised phase to receive nVNS + SoC (n = 48) or SoC alone (n = 49). All 92 patients who continued into a 4-week extension phase received nVNS + SoC. Compared with SoC alone, nVNS + SoC led to a significantly lower mean weekly attack frequency by week 2 of the randomised phase; the attack frequency remained significantly lower in the nVNS + SoC group through week 3 of the extension phase (P < 0.02). Attack frequencies in the nVNS + SoC group were significantly lower at all study time points than they were at baseline (P < 0.05). Response rates were significantly greater with nVNS + SoC than with SoC alone when response was defined as attack frequency reductions of ≥25%, ≥50%, and ≥75% from baseline (≥25% and ≥50%, P < 0.001; ≥75%, P = 0.009). The 100% response rate was 8% with nVNS + SoC and 0% with SoC alone. Conclusions: Prophylactic nVNS led to rapid, significant, and sustained reductions in chronic cluster headache attack frequency within 2 weeks after its addition to SoC and was associated with significantly higher ≥25%, ≥50%, and ≥75% response rates than SoC alone. The rapid decrease in weekly attack frequency justifies a 4-week trial period to identify responders to nVNS, with a high degree of confidence, among patients with chronic cluster headache. [less ▲]

Detailed reference viewed: 24 (1 ULg)
Full Text
Peer Reviewed
See detailLegal Mobilization Within the Bureaucracy: Disability Rights and the Implementation of Antidiscrimination Law in Sweden
Lejeune, Aude ULg

in Law and Policy (2017)

This paper argues that the analysis of legal mobilization needs to give more attention to the state and its relationship with social movements in order to examine how the state either sustains social ... [more ▼]

This paper argues that the analysis of legal mobilization needs to give more attention to the state and its relationship with social movements in order to examine how the state either sustains social movements' demands or is a field of contention for those demands. Focusing on how disability bureaucrats and activists mobilize antidiscrimination law in Sweden, this article shows that two main factors shape legal mobilization within the bureaucracy and alter the state's ability to become a legal mobilization actor: (1) the institutional relationships between social movement organizations and government agencies; and (2) the profiles and careers of bureaucrats and activists. It concludes by suggesting several lines for further research on law and social movements in nonpluralist countries. [less ▲]

Detailed reference viewed: 22 (2 ULg)
Peer Reviewed
See detailEU Competition Law Analysis of FRAND Disputes
Petit, Nicolas ULg

in Jorge L Contreras (Ed.) The Cambridge Handbook of Technical Standardization Law (2017)

This paper describes the degree of obligation created by a FRAND commitment on the holders of a Standard Essential Patent (“SEP”) from an EU competition law perspective. It shows that the EU courts case ... [more ▼]

This paper describes the degree of obligation created by a FRAND commitment on the holders of a Standard Essential Patent (“SEP”) from an EU competition law perspective. It shows that the EU courts case-law does not seem supportive of the reading of FRAND as a distributional, pricing commitment. Instead, it views FRAND as a soft commitment device, designed to promote cooperation and exchange amongst independent firms. This is apparent in the Huawei v ZTE judgment, which conveys an invitation on both SEP holders and unlicensed implementers to follow basic procedural requirements in licensing talks. In addition, the paper contributes to the debate on the legal applicability of Article 102 TFEU to SEP holders other than practicing entities. Last, the paper discusses if Standard Setting Organizations (“SSOs”) ex ante specifications of FRAND terms can constrain the conduct of SEP holders under EU competition law. [less ▲]

Detailed reference viewed: 27 (0 ULg)
Full Text
See detailSignificant Impediment to Industry Innovation: A Novel Theory of Harm in EU Merger Control?
Petit, Nicolas ULg

Report (2017)

A novel theory of harm is crystallising in European Union (“EU”) merger control. Under this theory, the EU Commission (“Commission”) can intervene in mergers that it considers generally reduce innovation ... [more ▼]

A novel theory of harm is crystallising in European Union (“EU”) merger control. Under this theory, the EU Commission (“Commission”) can intervene in mergers that it considers generally reduce innovation incentives in an industry as a whole. This theory of harm can be referred to as the Significant Impediment to Industry Innovation (“SIII”) theory. This policy paper first attempts to describe the content and extent of the SIII theory (I). Second, it shows that the SIII theory marks a departure from established EU merger control practice (II). Third, it discusses the economic foundations of the SIII theory (III). Finally, it puts forward best practices for the assessment of mergers in R&D intensive industries (IV). With this, the present paper hopes to assist the development of sound merger control policy in innovative markets, and undermine crude conjectures on the relationship between market structure, patent statistics and industry innovation theory. [less ▲]

Detailed reference viewed: 24 (0 ULg)
Full Text
Peer Reviewed
See detailFamilial history of migraine influences habituation of visual evoked potentials
Lisicki Martinez, Marco ULg; Ruiz-Romagnoli, Emiliano; D'Ostilio, Kevin ULg et al

in Cephalalgia : An International Journal of Headache (2017)

Background: Lack of habituation of visual evoked potentials (VEP) is a common finding in migraine patients between attacks. Previous studies have suggested an electrophysiological familial aggregation ... [more ▼]

Background: Lack of habituation of visual evoked potentials (VEP) is a common finding in migraine patients between attacks. Previous studies have suggested an electrophysiological familial aggregation pattern associated with migraine. The aim of this study was to evaluate the influence of a positive familial history of migraine on VEP amplitude and habituation. Methods: We recorded six blocks of 100 VEP during continuous pattern-reversal stimulation in 30 patients with migraine between attacks (MO) and in 30 healthy volunteers, of whom 15 had a first-degree relative suffering from migraine (HVm) and 15 had not (HV). Results: Both MO and HVm had a significant deficit of VEP habituation and similarly reduced N1-P1 first block amplitudes, compared to HV (habituation slope: MO ¼ 0.033, HVm ¼ 0.021, HV ¼ 0.025, HV vs. MO p ¼ 0.002, HV vs. HVm p ¼ 0.036; mean N1-P1 amplitude in the first block: MO ¼ 9.08 mV, HVm ¼ 9.29 mV, HV ¼ 12.19 mV. HV vs. MO p ¼ 0.041, HV vs. HVm p ¼ 0.076). The first block N1-P1 amplitude was negatively correlated with the habituation slope for both MO (r ¼ .44, p ¼ 0.015) and HVm (r ¼ .56, p ¼ 0.031) while no significant correlation was found in HV (r ¼ .17, p ¼ 0.53). There were no differences in VEP latencies between the groups. Conclusions: Our study suggests that lack of habituation of visual evoked potentials is probably a genetically determined endophenotypic trait that is associated with both migraine and migraine susceptibility. We hypothesize that genetic diversity of populations could account for some of the discrepancies between electrophysiological studies performed in migraine and for interindividual variations among the subgroups. [less ▲]

Detailed reference viewed: 20 (1 ULg)
Full Text
Peer Reviewed
See detailThe link between self-perceptions of aging, cancer view and physical and mental health of older people with cancer: A cross-sectional study
Schroyen, Sarah ULg; Marquet, Manon ULg; Jerusalem, Guy ULg et al

in Journal of Geriatric Oncology (2017)

Objectives Older people may suffer from stigmas linked to cancer and aging. Although some studies suggested that a negative view of cancer may increase the level of depression, such an association has ... [more ▼]

Objectives Older people may suffer from stigmas linked to cancer and aging. Although some studies suggested that a negative view of cancer may increase the level of depression, such an association has never been studied in the elderly population. Similarly, even though it is established that a negative self-perception of aging has deleterious consequences on mental and physical health in normal aging, the influence in pathological contexts, such as oncology, has not been studied. The main aim of this study is thus to analyze the effect of these two stigmas on the health of elderly oncology patients. Materials and Methods 101 patients suffering from a cancer (breast, gynecological, lung or hematological) were seen as soon as possible after their diagnosis. Their self-perception of age, cancer view and health (physical and mental) was assessed. Results Multiple regressions showed that patients with a more negative self-perception of aging and/or more negative cancer view reported poorer global health. We also observed that negative self-perception of aging was associated with worse physical and mental health, whereas negative cancer views were only linked to worse mental health. No interaction was observed between these two stigmas, suggesting that their action is independent. Conclusion Older patients with cancer face double stigmatization, due to negative self-perception of aging and cancer, and these stigmas have impacts on global and mental health. Self-perception of aging is also linked to physical health. Longitudinal studies will be necessary to analyze the direction of the association between this double stigmatization and health. [less ▲]

Detailed reference viewed: 41 (12 ULg)
See detailPostface. Sartre, Derrida : Daniel Giovannangeli et les fins de la phénoménologie
Cormann, Grégory ULg

in Giovannangeli, Daniel (Ed.) La phénoménologie partagée (2017)

Detailed reference viewed: 17 (5 ULg)
See detailAlgorithm for Temporal Gait Analysis Using Wireless Foot-Mounted Accelerometers
Boutaayamou, Mohamed ULg; Denoël, Vincent ULg; Bruls, Olivier ULg et al

Book published by Springer (2017)

We present a new signal processing algorithm that extracts five gait events: heel strike, toe strike, heel-off, toe-off, and heel clearance from only two accelerometers attached on the heels of the ... [more ▼]

We present a new signal processing algorithm that extracts five gait events: heel strike, toe strike, heel-off, toe-off, and heel clearance from only two accelerometers attached on the heels of the subjects usual shoes. This algorithm first uses a continuous wavelet-based segmentation that parses the signal of consecutive strides into motionless periods defining relevant local acceleration signals. Then, the algorithm uses versatile techniques to accurately extract the five gait events from these local acceleration signals. We validated, on a stride-by-stride basis, the extraction of these gait events by comparing the results with reference data provided by a kinematic 3D analysis system and a video camera. The accuracy and precision achieved by the extraction algorithm for healthy subjects, the reduced number of accelerometer units required, and the validation results obtained, encourage us to further study this system in pathological conditions. [less ▲]

Detailed reference viewed: 41 (11 ULg)
Full Text
Peer Reviewed
See detailLong-Term Care Insurance and Intra-family Moral Hazard: Fixed vs Proportional Insurance Benefits
Klimaviciute, Justina ULg

in GENEVA Risk & Insurance Review (2017)

Pauly (1990) argues that an explanation for the low long-term care (LTC) insurance demand could be intra-family moral hazard: parents might refuse to buy insurance since it reduces children’s incentives ... [more ▼]

Pauly (1990) argues that an explanation for the low long-term care (LTC) insurance demand could be intra-family moral hazard: parents might refuse to buy insurance since it reduces children’s incentives to provide care. This paper raises and explores the idea that the extent of intra-family moral hazard and non-purchase of LTC insurance might differ when insurance benefits are fixed and when they are proportional to LTC expenditures. It shows that fixed benefits limit and might even eliminate intra-family moral hazard, while the effect of proportional benefits is at best ambiguous. Consequently, non-purchase of insurance is less likely with fixed benefits. [less ▲]

Detailed reference viewed: 50 (5 ULg)
See detailUne réforme, un livre. Luther et la Bible palatine
Delfosse, Annick ULg; Oger, Cécile ULg

Book published by Ville de Liège (2017)

Il y a 500 ans, en octobre 2017, Martin Luther se prononça fermement, dans ses 95 thèses, contre la pratique des indulgences promue par Rome. Ses positions, qu’il approfondit dans plusieurs manifestes à ... [more ▼]

Il y a 500 ans, en octobre 2017, Martin Luther se prononça fermement, dans ses 95 thèses, contre la pratique des indulgences promue par Rome. Ses positions, qu’il approfondit dans plusieurs manifestes à succès, largement relayés par un usage intensif de l’imprimerie et de la langue allemande, répondirent aux aspirations à la réforme d’une grande part de l’Europe chrétienne. En l’espace de quelques années, l’Église, déjà fortement ébranlée, se déchira. Rapidement, Martin Luther se lança dans une traduction de la Bible en allemand : il traduisit en à peine onze semaines le Nouveau Testament. Le livre de l’Apocalypse fut illustré par Lucas Cranach l’Ancien. Luther s’attela ensuite à la traduction de l’Ancien Testament qu’il publia par morceaux dans les années suivantes. Il fallut attendre 1534 pour que paraisse, chez Hans Lu t à Wittenberg, une traduction complète de la Bible sous le titre Biblia das ist die gantze heilige schri t. Cette fois, Cranach et son atelier illustrèrent l’ensemble de l’ouvrage. Cette traduction connut alors un extraordinaire succès et t l’objet de très nombreuses rééditions, régulièrement illustrées par d’autres graveurs. L’une de celles-ci, illustrée par Virgil Solis et connue sous le nom de « Bible palatine », forme le point de départ de cette exposition. [less ▲]

Detailed reference viewed: 53 (2 ULg)
Full Text
Peer Reviewed
See detailInterpreting ‘grief’ in Senegal: language, emotions and cross-cultural translation in a francophone African context
Ruth, Evans; Jane; Fatou, Kebe et al

in Mortality (2017)

This article reflects on the profound complexities of translating and interpreting ‘grief’, and emotions and responses to death more broadly, in multilingual, cross-cultural contexts. Drawing on ... [more ▼]

This article reflects on the profound complexities of translating and interpreting ‘grief’, and emotions and responses to death more broadly, in multilingual, cross-cultural contexts. Drawing on qualitative research conducted in urban Senegal, West Africa, we discuss the exchange of meanings surrounding grief and death through language, including the process of translation, in its broadest sense, between multiple languages (Wolof, French, English). Our experiences demonstrate the crucial importance of involving interpreters and field researchers throughout the research process, to gain fundamental insight into the cultural nuances of indigenous languages and how these are translated and potentially re-framed in the process. We reflect on our iterative process of discussing emerging interpretations with participants in follow-up workshops and with our interpreter. This approach helped shed light on language use surrounding ‘grief’ and how this is bound up with wider socio-cultural norms which make particular emotions surrounding death and experiences/meanings of death and bereavement possible and ‘speak-able’. Our research calls for greater recognition in death and bereavement studies of the cultural specificity of conceptual frameworks developed in minority European socio-linguistic contexts and demonstrates the need for greater engagement with theoretical, empirical and methodological insights gained in diverse cultural contexts in the Majority world. [less ▲]

Detailed reference viewed: 15 (1 ULg)
Full Text
Peer Reviewed
See detailResponse to the discussion on “Reconstruction of the envelope of non-Gaussian structural responses with principal static wind loads by N. Blaise, T. Canor and V. Denoël”
Blaise, Nicolas; Canor, Thomas; Denoël, Vincent ULg

in Journal of Wind Engineering & Industrial Aerodynamics (2017)

Detailed reference viewed: 37 (0 ULg)
Full Text
Peer Reviewed
See detailL'image de marque des villes wallonnes
Scatton, Loïc; Schmitz, Serge ULg

in Belgeo (2017), 2016(1),

City branding practices have become widespread but few studies measure their effects on medium-sized cities. Through an analysis of the practices of city branding and internal and external images of the ... [more ▼]

City branding practices have become widespread but few studies measure their effects on medium-sized cities. Through an analysis of the practices of city branding and internal and external images of the cities of Liege and Charleroi, this article points out the relative strengths and weaknesses of the images of each of the Walloon cities, among their businessmen, vis-a vis those of the other Walloon city. The images of these two cities are composites and branding policies are still in their infancy. These policies have followed a top-down approach which may explain the limited use of the two brands even if they use ideas shared by local entrepreneurs. However the research underlines the absence of opinions on certain characteristics of the cities or a negative view which often requires works in the field but also better communication. [less ▲]

Detailed reference viewed: 76 (26 ULg)