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See detailTraduction et validation du "Exercise-Induced Leg Pain Questionnaire" pour les patients francophones
Kaux, Jean-François ULiege; Hagelstein, Thibaut; Van Beveren, Julien et al

in 10ème Congrès Commun SFMES-SFTS (2017, September)

Contexte : L’EILP-G a été développé afin d’évaluer la sévérité des symptômes affectant la fonction physique et les capacités sportives chez des patients présentant des douleurs de jambe à l’effort. Le ... [more ▼]

Contexte : L’EILP-G a été développé afin d’évaluer la sévérité des symptômes affectant la fonction physique et les capacités sportives chez des patients présentant des douleurs de jambe à l’effort. Le questionnaire a déjà été traduit en anglais et en grec. Objectifs : Le but de cette étude est de traduire et de réaliser une adaptation interculturelle du questionnaire EILP-G en français ainsi que d’en évaluer ses propriétés psychométriques. Matériel et Méthode : Le processus de traduction et d’adaptation interculturelle de l’exercise-induced leg pain questionnaire for German-speaking patients (EILP-G) a été guidé par les recommandations internationales d’adaptation interculturelle de questionnaires mesurant l’état de santé. Six étapes ont été respectées : (1) traduction française initiale, (2) synthèse de traduction française, (3) traduction inverse allemande, (4) comité d’expert, (5) test de la version pré-finale, (6) approbation du comité d’expert. 84 sujets furent recrutés et répartis en 3 groupes afin de tester l’EILP-FR : un groupe de sujets pathologiques (n=28), des sportifs à risque de développer ce type de pathologie (n=28) et des étudiants en sciences de la motricité asymptomatiques (n=28). Tous les sujets (n=84) ont rempli le questionnaire français à deux reprises avec un intervalle de 7 à 10 jours, parallèlement au Short Form Health Survey (SF-36) afin de pouvoir évaluer la fiabilité et la validité de l’EILP-FR. Résultats : L’EILP-FR indique une fidélité test-retest très bonne concernant le score total (ICC 0,96). Il en va de même pour le score total de chaque sous-groupe (ICC 0,88-0,94) ainsi que pour chaque item (0,75-0,92). Le questionnaire français présente une cohérence interne élevée (0,93). La corrélation entre l’EILP-FR et le SF-36 est modérée pour le score total (0,51;p<0.001). Une corrélation forte se présente entre le questionnaire et une partie des sous-échelles convergentes du SF-36 (PF, RP et BP ; chaque p<0.001). Les sous-échelles divergentes évaluant les propriétés psychologiques du SF-36 présentent toutes une corrélation faible et statistiquement non-significatives (RE, SF, VT), excepté MH (p<0.05). Aucun effet plancher ou plafond n’a été détecté. Conclusion : La version française, adaptée de la version originale EILP-G, a été traduite et adaptée interculturellement avec succès. L’EILP-FR est un questionnaire fiable et valide pour évaluer les patients francophones souffrant de douleurs chroniques de jambe à l’effort. [less ▲]

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See detailAdaptation interculturelle du questionnaire"Kujala Anterior Knee Pain Scale » pour les patients francophones
Buckinx, Fanny ULiege; Remy, Gaël; Bornheim, Stephen ULiege et al

in 10ème Congrès Commun SFMES-SFTS (2017, September)

Introduction : Le syndrome fémoro-patellaire est l'un des problèmes du genou les plus fréquemment rencontrés. Il se caractérise par une douleur antérieure du genou dans les activités mettant en charge l ... [more ▼]

Introduction : Le syndrome fémoro-patellaire est l'un des problèmes du genou les plus fréquemment rencontrés. Il se caractérise par une douleur antérieure du genou dans les activités mettant en charge l'articulation fémoro-patellaire. Le Kujala Anterior Knee Pain Scale (Kujala AKPS) est un questionnaire utilisé pour évaluer les symptômes subjectifs, telles que les limitations fonctionnelles et la douleur antérieure du genou. Le questionnaire a déjà été traduit et validé en turc, en portugais brésilien, en persan, en chinois, et en néerlandais. Le but de cette étude est de traduire ce questionnaire en français afin d'en évaluer sa fiabilité et sa validité. Matériel et méthode : La traduction et l’adaptation interculturelle du questionnaire ont été réalisées selon les recommandations internationales comprenant 6 étapes : traduction initiale, synthèse des traductions, traduction de retour vers la langue d’origine, comité d'experts, test de la version pré-finale et approbation du comité d'experts. Une fois la version française obtenue, les participants (n=101) ont rempli 2 fois le Kujula AKPS à un intervalle de 7 jours, et le Short Form Health Survey (SF-36) afin d'en évaluer les propriétés psychométriques (la cohérence interne, la fidélité test-retest et la validité de construit). Résultats : Le Kujula AKPS montre une fidélité test-retest élevée pour le score total (ICC 0,97). La traduction française possède une cohérence interne élevée (0,87). Le Kujula AKPS possède une corrélation forte avec une partie des sous-échelles convergentes du SF-36 (PF, RP et BP). Il y a une corrélation faible ou modérée avec les sous-échelles divergentes du SF-36 (MH, SF et VT). Il n’y a pas d’effet plancher et plafond. Conclusion : La version française du questionnaire Kujula AKPS étant facilement compréhensible, elle semble avoir une bonne adaptation interculturelle. Cette étude a démontré que le Kujula AKPSF est fiable et valide pour les patients francophones souffrant d'un syndrome rotulien. [less ▲]

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See detailCharacterisation of a secondary carotenoid producer microalga of the genus Coelastrella
Corato, Amélie ULiege; Franck, Fabrice ULiege; Jacques, Philippe ULiege

Poster (2017, September)

Some green microalgae synthesize secondary carotenoids as protecting agents under stress. These pigments have high value as feed supplement for aquaculture and as health products. The most promising ... [more ▼]

Some green microalgae synthesize secondary carotenoids as protecting agents under stress. These pigments have high value as feed supplement for aquaculture and as health products. The most promising pigment is astaxanthin, because of its antioxidant, antitumoral and anti-inflamatory properties. The most used natural source of this pigment is the microalga Haematococcus pluvialis. However this species grows slowly and lacks robustness for easy cultivation. Therefore, other species are investigated for astaxanthin production. Here, we identified a locally isolated strain as Coelastrella sp. that is a secondary carotenoid producer. [1] A known typical feature of this genus, that we could observed in the strain by scanning electron microcopy, is the presence of meridional ribs. [2] We analyzed the culture conditions and concluded that this strain grows both autotrophically and heterotrophically and is able of fast change in pigment composition under controlled stress conditions. Thanks to HPLC analyses, we determined that the strain accumulates a variety of secondary carotenoids, among which: astaxanthin, cantaxanthin and echinenone. Unidentified compounds will be further analyzed by mass spectrometry. [less ▲]

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See detailIntroduction au droit public - Plan détaillé (2017-18)
Bouhon, Frédéric ULiege

Learning material (2017)

Ce document présente le plan détaillé du cours d'Introduction au droit public pour l'année académique 2017-18. Il vise à offrir aux étudiants un outil adéquat pour structurer leurs notes personnelles.

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See detailEléments de droit public - 2017-18
Bouhon, Frédéric ULiege; Miny, Xavier ULiege

Learning material (2017)

Ce document constitue un syllabus partiel et provisoire qui accompagne le cours d'Introduction au droit public pour l'année académique 2017-18. Il s'agit d'un support facultatif qui vise à aider ... [more ▼]

Ce document constitue un syllabus partiel et provisoire qui accompagne le cours d'Introduction au droit public pour l'année académique 2017-18. Il s'agit d'un support facultatif qui vise à aider, complémentairement, à l'assimilation des notions de droit public. Le cours oral constitue la matière d'examen. [less ▲]

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See detailIntroduction au droit public - Dossier de documentation (2017-18)
Bouhon, Frédéric ULiege

Learning material (2017)

Ce dossier contient une série de documents dont la lecture est obligatoire en appui du cours d'Introduction au droit public pour l'année académique 2017-18.

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See detailPermutation groups and the Morse-Hedlund Theorem
Charlier, Emilie ULiege

Conference (2017, September)

In this talk I presented the results of the paper "On a group theoretic generalization of the Morse-Hedlund theorem", which is a joint work with Svetlana Puzynina and Luca Zamboni. In this paper, we give ... [more ▼]

In this talk I presented the results of the paper "On a group theoretic generalization of the Morse-Hedlund theorem", which is a joint work with Svetlana Puzynina and Luca Zamboni. In this paper, we give a broad unified framework via group actions for constructing complexity functions of infinite words. Factor complexity, Abelian complexity and cyclic complexity are all particular cases of this general construction. [less ▲]

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See detailUne voie différente au sein de l'Université
Brahy, Rachel ULiege; Beuker, Laura ULiege

in Dor, Juliette; Gavray, Claire; Henneau, Marie-Elisabeth (Eds.) et al Où sont les femmes? La féminisation à l'Université de Liège (2017)

Depuis plusieurs années déjà, un mouvement de fond existe au sein de notre Université qui tend à accompagner les savoirs au-delà des murs académiques. Tout récemment d’ailleurs, avec la création d’un vice ... [more ▼]

Depuis plusieurs années déjà, un mouvement de fond existe au sein de notre Université qui tend à accompagner les savoirs au-delà des murs académiques. Tout récemment d’ailleurs, avec la création d’un vice-rectorat à la citoyenneté, cette tendance s’est approfondie, formalisée. Dans les équipes qui mettent en œuvre cette volonté institutionnelle d’extériorisation et de mise en débat, on compte bien plus de femmes que d’hommes. Une hypothèse, pour expliquer ce fait, peut être formulée concernant la place de femmes à ces postes. L’adéquation de certaines qualités, et aussi d’une certaine éthique, dite féminine, à la politique de diffusion des savoirs pourrait être une question à creuser. A partir de d'un ensemble de théories - rassemblées sous l'appellation de care - nous interrogeons l'analogie entre pensée féminine et pensée citoyenne. [less ▲]

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See detailBaudelaire: de la bohemia a la modernidad literaria
Mogollon Zapata, Juan Manuel ULiege

Book published by Babilonia/Filomena (2017)

Colectivo e interdiciplinario, este volumen conmemorativo de los 150 años de la muerte de Baudelaire reúne en sus páginas las contribuciones de diez especialistas en tres partes equilibradas que reflejan ... [more ▼]

Colectivo e interdiciplinario, este volumen conmemorativo de los 150 años de la muerte de Baudelaire reúne en sus páginas las contribuciones de diez especialistas en tres partes equilibradas que reflejan el itinerario baudeleriano y la recepción de su obra en Hispanoamérica (Alain Vaillant, Juan Zapata, Jean-Pierre Bertrand, Pascal Durand, Robert Kopp, Steve Murphy, Antoine Compagnon, David Marín Hernández, Glyn Hambrook, Santiago Venturini). Existe en los textos aquí compilados una preocupación latente por articular los aportes más recientes de la poética, la sociología de la literatura y la historia literaria para la comprensión y elucidación de una obra tan paradójica y controversial como su autor. Surge así una nueva lectura de Baudelaire y de su legado literario particularmente importante en nuestro medio académico, atrapado desde hace ya algunos años, sobre todo en el caso que nos ocupa, en visiones esencialistas y de tipo puramente monográfico que tienden a ocultar las dinámicas colectivas e institucionales que gobiernan las prácticas culturales. [less ▲]

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See detail"888" Tweets on the Art and Science of Internet-Based Investing
Choffray, Jean-Marie ULiege

E-print/Working paper (2017)

Here we are! Exactly “888” Tweets, regularly updated, on The Art and Science of Investing to “show you the way”, to share some observations on the evolution of the world, the behavior of the financial ... [more ▼]

Here we are! Exactly “888” Tweets, regularly updated, on The Art and Science of Investing to “show you the way”, to share some observations on the evolution of the world, the behavior of the financial markets, and to illustrate the key heuristics that I learned over the last twenty years. As, without any doubt, I am no Warren Buffett, feel free to disagree and develop you own “theory” of investing. Painful and solitary work... Success is at that price! And, based on what I did - and did not! - achieve, it shouldn’t be hard to do much better... That’s my wish for you! [less ▲]

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See detailSunlight irradiance and habituation of visual evoked potentials in migraine: The environment makes its mark
Lisicki Martinez, Marco ULiege; D'Ostilio, Kevin; Erpicum, Michel ULiege et al

in Cephalalgia : An International Journal of Headache (2017)

Background Migraine is a complex multifactorial disease that arises from the interaction between a genetic predisposition and an enabling environment. Habituation is considered as a fundamental adaptive ... [more ▼]

Background Migraine is a complex multifactorial disease that arises from the interaction between a genetic predisposition and an enabling environment. Habituation is considered as a fundamental adaptive behaviour of the nervous system that is often impaired in migraine populations. Given that migraineurs are hypersensitive to light, and that light deprivation is able to induce functional changes in the visual cortex recognizable through visual evoked potentials habituation testing, we hypothesized that regional sunlight irradiance levels could influence the results of visual evoked potentials habituation studies performed in different locations worldwide. Methods We searched the literature for visual evoked potentials habituation studies comparing healthy volunteers and episodic migraine patients and correlated their results with levels of local solar radiation. Results After reviewing the literature, 26 studies involving 1291 participants matched our inclusion criteria. Deficient visual evoked potentials habituation in episodic migraine patients was reported in 19 studies. Mean yearly sunlight irradiance was significantly higher in locations of studies reporting deficient habituation. Correlation analyses suggested that visual evoked potentials habituation decreases with increasing sunlight irradiance in migraine without aura patients. Conclusion Results from this hypothesis generating analysis suggest that variations in sunlight irradiance may induce adaptive modifications in visual processing systems that could be reflected in visual evoked potentials habituation, and thus partially account for the difference in results between studies performed in geographically distant centers. Other causal factors such as genetic differences could also play a role, and therefore well-designed prospective trials are warranted. [less ▲]

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See detailOnline ICPC-2 & Q-Codes: General Practice / Family Medicine Online Multilingual Terminology & Knowledge Base
Jamoulle, Marc ULiege

Conference (2017, August 31)

Availability of ICPC-2 and Q-Codes in URI format

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See detailNonlinear analysis of compliant deployable structures: modelling, simulation and experimental validation
Dewalque, Florence ULiege

Doctoral thesis (2017)

Compliant mechanisms are flexible components which can store elastic energy when deformed and then passively release it to produce a motion. Their scope of applications encompasses various domains from ... [more ▼]

Compliant mechanisms are flexible components which can store elastic energy when deformed and then passively release it to produce a motion. Their scope of applications encompasses various domains from robotic orthoses to microscopes and grippers. In this work, the developments focus on compliant mechanisms called tape springs used in deployable space structures. Tape springs, due to their autonomous deployment capacity from a compact folded configuration, their high stiffness in the deployed equilibrium state and their simplicity of integration, represent efficient alternatives to common motorised hinges for space applications. Thus, they are currently used to deploy appendices on satellites such as solar panels or telescopes and are considered as valuable components in the design of future applications such as solar sails, deployable optics and inflatable structures. However, their structural behaviour is highly nonlinear and quite sensitive to the design parameters and to the various constraints encountered on Earth and in a space environment. The objective of this thesis is thus to develop validated high-fidelity dynamic models of tape springs which can be used to support the design process. The methodology involves the development of advanced finite element models and experimental tests based on an original set-up. First, a quasi-static model based on shell finite elements is established and used to investigate the nonlinear response of tape springs as well as the influence of various geometric parameters. This model is then exploited for the design of tape springs deploying a reflector based on an automatic optimisation procedure. The study is further extended to dynamic analyses, which are characterised by a self-locking of the tape springs in their final deployed configuration. In order to accurately capture these phenomena, the importance of a suitable representation of the physical structural dissipation in the model is demonstrated and, for metallic tape springs, a Kelvin-Voigt model is retained. An experimental set-up is then designed in order to validate the model and its capacity to represent the nonlinear phenomena inherent to tape springs which occur during quasi-static and dynamic tests. The experimental data are acquired by the means of an innovative 3D motion analysis system and a force plate. The reproducibility of the tests is assessed and a procedure, involving several elementary tests, is proposed to identify the parameters of the finite element model, in particular, the structural damping. In the end, a fair correlation between the experimental and numerical results is achieved. The proposed methodology, which relies on numerical and experimental methods, thus leads to a dynamic model of tape springs which can be used to predict their behaviour in various conditions. [less ▲]

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See detailThe acoustic correlates of hypnotic voice
Remacle, Angélique ULiege; Todovora, Tatiana; Zambra, Nurihan

Poster (2017, August 31)

Although the linguistic content of hypnotic suggestions has been investigated in various studies, the paralinguistic aspects – that is, the voice used by hypnotherapists – are little described. The few ... [more ▼]

Although the linguistic content of hypnotic suggestions has been investigated in various studies, the paralinguistic aspects – that is, the voice used by hypnotherapists – are little described. The few indications concerning vocal patterns that promote a state of hypnotic trance are limited to subjective descriptions based on clinical observations, as reported in textbooks (Grinder & Bandler, 1997; James, 2010). From an empirical point of view, voice characteristics have been assessed objectively with acoustic measures in the context of muscle relaxation (Knowlton & Larkin, 2006); however, to the best of our knowledge, such measures have not been applied to identify vocal indices of the voice used to induce hypnosis. The aim of this study is to investigate the existence of a voice pattern specific to hypnosis. To that end, 32 French-speaking therapists (18 women and 14 men) who practice hypnosis in a medical or psychological context were recorded while reading a single text in two conditions: with a normal voice and with a voice used for hypnotic induction. For each of these two conditions, the following acoustic analyses were conducted with Praat software: degree of voicing (in %), mean fundamental frequency (F0, in Hz), mean sound pressure level (SPL, in dB), and variability of F0 and SPL. Statistical analyses (Wilcoxon test) show that, compared to a normal voice, a hypnotic voice presents less voicing (p<.001), lower F0 and SPL (p<.001), less SPL variability (p=.003), and a trend toward less F0 variability (p=.056). These preliminary results allow us to provide objective acoustic correlates of a hypnotic voice, such as low frequency, low intensity, monotone and lack of voicing. These acoustic characteristics correspond to the subjective voice descriptions given in textbooks, such as quiet, gentle, reassuring, and warm, which tend to create a sense of intimacy and confidentiality. Regarding the lower degree of voicing in hypnotic voices, subsequent analyses will make it possible to test the hypothesis that the voice is breathy and whispery, at least at times, and that there are longer pauses than in a normal voice. Analyses of spontaneous speech during hypnosis sessions are currently under way to test the generalizability of the results presented here. References -Grinder, J., & Bandler, R. (1997). Patterns of the hypnotic techniques of Milton H. Erickson, M.D. Vol. I. Portland, OR: Metamorphous Press. -James, U. (2010). Clinical hypnosis textbook: A guide for practical intervention (2nd ed.). Oxford, UK, New York: Radcliffe Publishing Ltd. -Knowlton, G. E., & Larkin, K. T. (2006). The influence of voice volume, pitch, and speech rate on progressive relaxation training: Application of methods from speech pathology and audiology. Applied Psychophysiology and Biofeedback, 31(2), 173–185. doi:10.1007/s10484-006-9014-6 [less ▲]

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See detailFace description abilities predict line-up performance
Vanootighem, Valentine ULiege; Brédart, Serge ULiege; Dehon, Hedwige ULiege

Poster (2017, August 31)

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See detailVoice use among music theory teachers
Schiller, Isabel ULiege; Morsomme, Dominique ULiege; Sfez, Lou et al

Conference (2017, August 30)

In Belgium, there is a particular group of music teachers referred to as music theory teachers. Working at music schools, they convey theoretical knowledge and practical musical skills to groups of ... [more ▼]

In Belgium, there is a particular group of music teachers referred to as music theory teachers. Working at music schools, they convey theoretical knowledge and practical musical skills to groups of individuals who learn music during their free-time. Even though music theory teachers use both speaking and singing voice intensively at work, little is known about their voice use profiles. This study investigated the vocal loading among French-speaking music theory teachers. Objectives were (1) to describe their professional and extra-professional vocal loading, (2) to determine the relationship between vocal loading and background noise level and (3) to investigate whether objectively measured vocal loading is reflected in music theory teachers’ auto-evaluation of their voice. Using voice dosimetry, 13 music theory teachers were monitored for one workweek. Parameters analysed were F0, voice sound pressure level (SPL), phonation time, vocal loading index (VLI) and background noise SPL. At the end of each monitoring day, subjects self-assessed their voice use by means of visual analogue scales. Results revealed (1) significantly higher vocal loading in the professional context than in the extra-professional context, (2) significant positive correlations between background noise level and the parameters F0, voice SPL and phonation time and (3) significant correlations between the VLI and auto-evaluation data (e.g. voice quality and vocal fatigue). These results highlight that teaching music theory is a profession with high vocal demands. At work, music theory teachers are exposed to high background noise, which seems to influence their voice use and may potentially contribute to the development of voice problems among this population. Visual analogue scales provide a promising tool to subjectively investigate vocal loading among music theory teachers. [less ▲]

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See detailIdeal future dairy farm: a Walloon breeders’ point of view
Dalcq, Anne-Catherine ULiege; Soyeurt, Hélène ULiege; Dogot, Thomas ULiege et al

Conference (2017, August 30)

This research aims to characterize the dairy breeders regarding their idea of the ideal future farm ensuring them an income, in order to highlight their present situation and the ways to advise them ... [more ▼]

This research aims to characterize the dairy breeders regarding their idea of the ideal future farm ensuring them an income, in order to highlight their present situation and the ways to advise them towards their wished dairy model. The 245 answers to a survey of breeders, conducted between November 2014 and February 2015 provided information about, amongst others, their wishes concerning the intensification, the specialization, the technological innovation, the kind of workforce, structure, market and milk production (standard vs. differentiated quality milk). Based on this information, a Multiple Correspondence Analysis allowed to create 4 groups of breeders with a similar view of their ideal farm: global-based intensive (GBIb), local-based extensive (LBEb), intermediate and no-opinion breeders. The relationships between these groups and the other recorded qualitative variables as formation needed, obstacles and advantages of breeders organization, of diversification and so forth w ere studied using Chi Square tests and Correspondence Canonical Analysis. A moderate link was observed between the ideal future farm and the current situation of the respondent. This suggested that not all the breeders were in the production system that they considered as most profitable. As a brake to the transformation and diversification, GBIb tended to be more numerous to speak about the uncertainty of the customer loyalty (p-value = 0.07) and LBEb pointed out the size of the investments (p-value = 0.05). LBEb asked more for administrative (p-value = 0.04) and transformation and diversification formations (p-value = 0.03) while GBIb looked more for finance and management formation (p-value = 0.02). In conclusion, there were different ideal dairy farm models considered by the breeders. Their needs were not similar and indicated which tools must be developed and which domain must be studied to support them. [less ▲]

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