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See detailInventaire et typologie des listes grecques et latines de produits pharmaceutiques
Ricciardetto, Antonio ULg

in Derda, Tomasz; Lajtar, Adam; Urbanik, Jakub (Eds.) Proceedings of the XXVIIth International Congress of Papyrology. Warsaw, 29 July - 3 August 2013 (2016, July)

Dans la documentation papyrologique relative aux pratiques médicales de l’Égypte gréco-romaine et byzantine, le genre des listes de produits pharmaceutiques n’a encore jamais fait l’objet, ni d’un ... [more ▼]

Dans la documentation papyrologique relative aux pratiques médicales de l’Égypte gréco-romaine et byzantine, le genre des listes de produits pharmaceutiques n’a encore jamais fait l’objet, ni d’un inventaire, ni d’une étude exhaustifs. Dans le cadre de nos recherches doctorales sur la typologie des papyrus documentaires grecs et latins à caractère médical, c’est cette lacune que l’on se propose de combler, d’une part en cataloguant, au moyen de la fiche Mertens-Pack³ du CEDOPAL, la trentaine de listes de produits pharmaceutiques provenant d’Égypte, écrites en grec sur papyrus et ostracon (IIIe s. av. J.-Chr.-VIIe s. apr. J.-Chr.), auxquelles on ajoutera deux listes latines sur tablettes de bois, provenant du camp romain de Vindolanda (c. 100p), et, d’autre part, en analysant les aspects formels, paléographiques, textuels et contextuels de ces documents médicaux qui peuvent correspondre, soit à un inventaire de droguiste, soit à une commande, soit à une ou plusieurs recettes dont l’état fragmentaire du support a fait disparaître les proportions. On comparera les données obtenues avec d’autres pièces papyrologiques, spécialement les nombreuses prescriptions médicales, ainsi que les comptes, les reçus de paiement ou encore les lettres privées relatives à des demandes de médicaments ou à la livraison de substances pharmaceutiques. [less ▲]

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See detailLe rôle des limites et des risques dans la construction de la relation entre les professionnel-le-s et les familles dans les Centres d’Éducation et d’Accueil des Jeunes Enfants de 0 à 3 ans : le point de vue de puéricultrices
Sharmahd, Nima ULg; Pirard, Florence ULg

Report (2016)

Ce rapport présente les résultats d'une recherche centrée sur le point de vue de professionnelles de la petite enfance sur les relations établies avec les familles dont elles accueillent les enfants dans ... [more ▼]

Ce rapport présente les résultats d'une recherche centrée sur le point de vue de professionnelles de la petite enfance sur les relations établies avec les familles dont elles accueillent les enfants dans le milieu d'accueil. Il met en évidence une série de tensions entre lesquelles ces professionnelles sont prises: être sûres/ouverture à l'incertitude, être protégées/être reconnues... Il propose une série de pistes de réflexion et d'action qui reconnaissent la complexité d'une activité professionnelle souvent méconnue. [less ▲]

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See detailPassive linearization of nonlinear resonances
Habib, Giuseppe ULg; Grappasonni, Chiara ULg; Kerschen, Gaëtan ULg

in Journal of Applied Physics (2016), 120

The objective of this paper is to demonstrate that the addition of properly-tuned nonlinearities to a nonlinear system can increase the range over which a speci c resonance responds linearly. Speci cally ... [more ▼]

The objective of this paper is to demonstrate that the addition of properly-tuned nonlinearities to a nonlinear system can increase the range over which a speci c resonance responds linearly. Speci cally, we seek to enforce two important properties of linear systems, namely the force-displacement proportionality and the invariance of resonance frequencies. Numerical simulations and experiments are used to validate the theoretical ndings. [less ▲]

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See detailERA-NET ECO-INNOVERA - Fragmentation électrodynamique des matériaux composites à haute valeur ajoutée contenant des substances récupérables - EDF-HVC: Rapport scientifique & technique annuel
Martino, Rémi ULg; Gaydardzhiev, Stoyan ULg

Report (2016)

The EDF-HVC project aims in evaluating the feasibility of electrodynamic fragmentation application to process end-of-life devices such as waste electrical and electronic equipments and secondary resources ... [more ▼]

The EDF-HVC project aims in evaluating the feasibility of electrodynamic fragmentation application to process end-of-life devices such as waste electrical and electronic equipments and secondary resources such as MSW incineration slags, EoL high-end composites, etc. Different target materials will be processed under varying operating parameters and characterized respectively, before and after a selective fragmentation in order to optimize the method and evaluate its economical and environmental perspectives. [less ▲]

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See detailRadiative accidental matter
Da Silva Simoes, Catarina ULg; Aristizabal Sierra, Diego ULg; Wegman Ostrosky, Daniel ULg

in Journal of High Energy Physics [=JHEP] (2016)

Accidental matter models are scenarios where the beyond-the-standard model physics preserves all the standard model accidental and approximate symmetries up to a cutoff scale related with lepton number ... [more ▼]

Accidental matter models are scenarios where the beyond-the-standard model physics preserves all the standard model accidental and approximate symmetries up to a cutoff scale related with lepton number violation. We study such scenarios assuming that the new physics plays an active role in neutrino mass generation, and show that this unavoidably leads to radiatively induced neutrino masses. We systematically classify all possible models and determine their viability by studying electroweak precision data, bigbang nucleosynthesis and electroweak perturbativity, fi nding that the latter places the most stringent constraints on the mass spectra. These results allow the identi fication of minimal radiative accidental matter models for which perturbativity is lost at high scales. We calculate radiative charged-lepton flavor violating processes in these setups, and show that mu -> e gamma has a rate well within MEG sensitivity provided the lepton-number violating scale is at or below 5 105 GeV, a value (naturally) assured by the radiative suppression mechanism. Sizeable tau -> mu gamma branching fractions within SuperKEKB sensitivity are possible for lower lepton-number breaking scales. We thus point out that these scenarios can be tested not only in direct searches but also in lepton flavor-violating experiments. [less ▲]

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See detailNew antimalarial compounds isolated from Poupartia borbonica, a Mascarene Islands endemic plant
Ledoux, Allison ULg; Jansen, Olivia ULg; St-Gelais, Alexis et al

Poster (2016, July)

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See detailNew fossil evidence of Acrostichum from the Iberian Peninsula reveals the pioneering behaviour of this fern
Moreno-Domínguez, Rafael; Cascales-Miñana, Borja ULg; Diez, José B.

Poster (2016, July)

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See detailHeavy methane to explain the unexplained recent methane growth ?
Bader, Whitney ULg; Strong, Kim; Walker, Kaley

Poster (2016, July)

Methane (CH4) is the second most important greenhouse gas emitted by human activities in the Earth’s atmosphere. Although it is roughly 200 times less abundant than carbon dioxide, it is a 28 times more ... [more ▼]

Methane (CH4) is the second most important greenhouse gas emitted by human activities in the Earth’s atmosphere. Although it is roughly 200 times less abundant than carbon dioxide, it is a 28 times more potent greenhouse gas. Approximately one fifth of the changes in the Earth’s balance energy caused by human-linked greenhouse gases since the beginning of industrialization (~1750) is due to methane. Methane is emitted by both natural sources and human activities. Indeed, methane can be emitted to the atmosphere through coal mining, oil and gas exploitation, rice cultures, domestic ruminant animals, biomass burning, waste management, wetlands, termites, methane hydrates and ocean. In the atmosphere, methane is mainly destroyed by the radical hydroxyl, also called the detergent of the atmosphere, and therefore plays a major role on the oxidizing capacity of the atmosphere. Since the beginning of the industrialization, atmospheric methane concentrations have increased by 260% to reach 1824 pbb in 2013. From the 1980s until the beginning of the 1990s, atmospheric methane was significantly on the rise, then stabilized during 1999-2006 to rise again afterwards. To this day, the source or sink responsible of this latter increase remains unexplained. Through each emission process, heavy molecules of methane (with one additional neutron either on a carbon or on one hydrogen atom) are emitted along methane (12CH4). The main heavy molecules of methane, called isotopologues (13CH4 and CH3D), are respectively ~110 and ~60 000 times less abundant than methane. Despite their small abundances, they give crucial information on the concentration of methane in the atmosphere and its evolution. Indeed, both isotopologues are emitted with specific emission ratio depending on the emission sources. Determining isotopic ratio of atmospheric methane is therefore a unique tracer of its budget. While the non-monotonous trend of methane is subject of an extensive number of studies, to our knowledge, no study of the isotopic ratio of methane derived from ground-based solar observations has been published to date. Measurements of heavy methane from Fourier Transform InfraRed spectra recorded with state of the art spectrometers installed at Eureka [Arctic, Canada] and Toronto [Ontario, Canada] along with analysis of observations collected by a portable instrument [Portable Atmospheric Research Interferometric Spectrometer for the Infrared, PARIS-IR], installed at Eureka will help fill this gap. Indeed, the produced time series, compared with the corresponding satellite observations (ACE-FTS) products will ease data interpretation and contribute to a global view of the question of isotopologues. [less ▲]

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See detailA Frasnian palynological assemblage from the NE Iberian Chain
Rial, Gonzalo; Cascales-Miñana, Borja ULg; Gerrienne, Philippe ULg et al

Poster (2016, July)

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See detailPlant-insect interactions from the Late Oligocene Ebro Basin (Estadilla, Huesca, Spain): A preliminary report
Moreno-Domínguez, Rafael; Cascales-Miñana, Borja ULg; Santos, A. A. et al

Poster (2016, July)

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See detailChallenge testing with Brochothrix thermosphacta on minced pork meat shows interest to couple metagenetics to metabolomics to study food spoilage
Baré, Ghislain ULg; Cauchie, Emilie ULg; Leenders, Justine ULg et al

Poster (2016, July)

The spoilage of perishable foods is mainly caused by bacterial activity. The risk of unwanted bacterial growth is particularly high in the minced pork meat. In this work, the natural microbial ... [more ▼]

The spoilage of perishable foods is mainly caused by bacterial activity. The risk of unwanted bacterial growth is particularly high in the minced pork meat. In this work, the natural microbial contaminants of the minced pork meat were followed by 16S ribosomal DNA deep sequencing (metagenetics) during aging tests at different temperatures. Brochothrix thermosphacta MM008 strain was selected as one of the main contaminants responsible for the spoilage of the meat. Minced pork meat previously sterilized by gamma irradiation was inoculated with B. thermosphacta MM008 for challenge tests measuring growth and then incubated at different temperatures. Minced meat samples were taken and analyzed by H-NMR 1D at time 0 and at final time (from 14 to 19 days, depending on the incubation temperature). Orthogonal partial least square discriminant analysis (OPLS-DA) showed that samples, regardless of the incubation temperature, could be splitted into 3 groups according to their spectral profile: 1) samples taken at time 0, 2) samples inoculated with B. thermosphacta and taken at final time, 3) samples uninoculated, taken at final time. From the analysis of the metabolomics data, higher concentrations of glycerol, glucose, taurine, lactate, carnitine, betaine and glycine were identified in the samples of uninoculated minced pork meat and an increased production of creatine, acetate and acetone was found in the samples of minced pork meat inoculated with B. thermosphacta MM008. These observations showed that -omics technologies (metagenetics and metabolomics) could be used conclusively to study microbial spoilage of minced pork meat. [less ▲]

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See detailInternal structures of clusters in driven granular gas
Noirhomme, Martial ULg

Poster (2016, July)

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See detailIgE mediated sensitisation to aeroallergens in an asthmatic cohort: relationship with inflammatory phenotypes and disease severity.
Manise, Maïté ULg; Bakayoko, B.; SCHLEICH, FLorence ULg et al

in International Journal of Clinical Practice (2016), 70(7), 596-605

BACKGROUND: Atopy is known to play an important role in the asthmatic disease. The main objective of this study was to evaluate the frequency of sensitisation to common aeroallergens in a cohort of ... [more ▼]

BACKGROUND: Atopy is known to play an important role in the asthmatic disease. The main objective of this study was to evaluate the frequency of sensitisation to common aeroallergens in a cohort of asthmatics with different inflammatory phenotypes and disease severity. METHODS: We have conducted a retrospective cross-sectional study including 772 asthmatics recruited between 2003 and 2014 in our Asthma Clinic. The patients were defined as asthmatics on the basis of respiratory symptoms together with a positive methacholine test (PC20M) < 16 mg/ml and/or a reversibility to short-acting beta2-agonists (salbutamol) >/= 12% and 200 ml. Sensitisation to house dust mites, grass and birch pollens, cats, dogs and moulds was assessed by RAST and a specific immunoglobulin E (IgE) > 0.35 kU/l was considered as significant. Inflammatory phenotypes were subdivided between pauci-granulocytic (n = 309) (40%), eosinophilic (n = 311) (40%), neutrophilic (N = 134) (17%) and mixed-granulocytic (N = 18) (3%) asthmatics. Severe asthmatics (n = 118) were defined according to the American Thoracic Society (ATS 2000) criteria and compared with mild-to-moderate asthmatics (N = 654). RESULTS: The eosinophilic phenotype was associated with higher levels of total serum IgE compared with neutrophilic and pauci-granulocytic asthma (p < 0.001 for both). Sensitisation rate to dogs and cats was higher in eosinophilic asthmatics (31% and 37%, respectively, p < 0.01 both) compared with neutrophilic (18% and 23% respectively) and pauci-granulocytic asthmatics (20% and 24%, respectively), while sensitisation rate to house dust mites and moulds were rather similar between the groups (ranging from 33% to 40% and from 10% to 16%, respectively). Severe asthmatics had slightly increased total serum IgE compared with mild-to-moderate asthmatics (p < 0.05) without any difference in the sensitisation rate to common aeroallergens. CONCLUSION: Eosinophilic asthma exhibits higher total serum IgE and sensitisation rate towards animal dander while clinical severity, though also associated with higher total IgE, did not preferentially relate to any type of common aeroallergens. [less ▲]

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See detailContinuous monitoring of transient groundwater fluxes using the Finite Volume Point Dilution Method
Jamin, Pierre ULg; Brouyère, Serge ULg

Conference (2016, July)

Groundwater flux is the driving force of solute contaminant dispersion through aquifers. Accurate groundwater flux measurement and monitoring is thus crucial for assessing the fate of contaminants in the ... [more ▼]

Groundwater flux is the driving force of solute contaminant dispersion through aquifers. Accurate groundwater flux measurement and monitoring is thus crucial for assessing the fate of contaminants in the saturated zone. Unfortunately, classical measurement such as pumping or slug tests based on the Darcy’s law and hydraulic gradient may lead to cumulated errors and provide no more than a snapshot measurement only representative of a given time. There is a need for a technique able to perform a continuous monitoring of groundwater fluxes, and moreover in aquifer where rapid changes of groundwater fluxes occur such as aquifers influenced by surface water, by nearby pumping or by fast precipitation recharge. Alternative methods, such as point dilution tracer tests to obtain a direct measurement of local groundwater fluxes, are promising In this study, the Finite Volume Point Dilution Method (FVPDM) was applied to continuously monitor groundwater fluxes of the alluvial aquifer of the River Meuse, in Liège (Belgium). The experimental setup consisted in the monitoring of a transient groundwater fluxes generated by a step pumping test that lasted 40 hours. Two FVPDM were performed simultaneously in two piezometers screened in two different part of the aquifer. Piezometric heads were also monitored in several piezometer located around the pumping well. Next to this original experimental setup, a mathematical solution has been developed to interpret data from FVPDM performed under transient state in order to deduce the continuous evolution of groundwater flux. The experiment demonstrated the ability of the FVPDM for monitoring transient groundwater fluxes, even if the changes of groundwater flux occurs rapidly. The FVPDM turned out to be very sensitive to small changes in groundwater flux. The FVPDM interpretation also showed that the upper part of the aquifer is affected by slower groundwater fluxes than the lower and coarser part. Furthermore, distinct hydraulic behavior were determined between the upper and lower part of the aquifer. This could not have been revealed by conventional pumping tests using only drawdown data for interpretation. The mathematical solution allowed to determine the groundwater flux at every moment of the test even if the FVPDM had not reached the stabilized phase that usually guarantee its good precision. These results illustrate the great interest of the FVPDM method for monitoring of contaminant fluxes in groundwater if coupled with a real time measurement of contaminant concentration. One of the main perspective is to perform a long term (several months) monitoring of groundwater fluxes in an aquifer influenced by river stages variations in order to prove the ability of the FVPDM for continuous long term monitoring and better characterize the exchanges between groundwater and surface water. [less ▲]

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See detailThe different origins of high- and low-ionization broad emission lines revealed by gravitational microlensing in the Einstein cross
Braibant, Lorraine ULg; Hutsemekers, Damien ULg; Sluse, Dominique ULg et al

in Astronomy and Astrophysics (2016), 592

We investigate the kinematics and ionization structure of the broad emission line region of the gravitationally lensed quasar QSO2237+0305 (the Einstein cross) using differential microlensing in the high ... [more ▼]

We investigate the kinematics and ionization structure of the broad emission line region of the gravitationally lensed quasar QSO2237+0305 (the Einstein cross) using differential microlensing in the high- and low-ionization broad emission lines. We combine visible and near-infrared spectra of the four images of the lensed quasar and detect a large-amplitude microlensing effect distorting the high-ionization CIV and low-ionization Hα line profiles in image A. While microlensing only magnifies the red wing of the Balmer line, it symmetrically magnifies the wings of the CIV emission line. Given that the same microlensing pattern magnifies both the high- and low-ionization broad emission line regions, these dissimilar distortions of the line profiles suggest that the high- and low-ionization regions are governed by different kinematics. Since this quasar is likely viewed at intermediate inclination, we argue that the differential magnification of the blue and red wings of Hα favors a flattened, virialized, low-ionization region whereas the symmetric microlensing effect measured in CIV can be reproduced by an emission line formed in a polar wind, without the need of fine-tuned caustic configurations. [less ▲]

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See detailL'argumentation dans les écrits scientifiques : le point de vue des chercheurs
Scheepers, Caroline ULg; Delneste, Stéphanie

in Pollet, Marie-Christine; Glorieux, Carole (Eds.) Argumenter dans les écrits scientifiques (2016)

La question de la conduite argumentative repérable dans les discours scientifiques suscite de nombreux débats, comme le montre cette liste non exhaustive : Charaudeau (1992, 2007), Amossy (2009), Cislaru ... [more ▼]

La question de la conduite argumentative repérable dans les discours scientifiques suscite de nombreux débats, comme le montre cette liste non exhaustive : Charaudeau (1992, 2007), Amossy (2009), Cislaru et al. (2009), Scheepers (2013), Pollet (2014)... Bon nombre d’études inscrites dans le champ des littéracies académiques consistent la plupart du temps à étudier des corpus de textes, inscrits dans des genres divers, dont les auteurs sont des étudiants, des chercheurs novices ou expérimentés. D’autres études explicitent et analysent les effets produits par un dispositif d’enseignement-apprentissage visant à acculturer les néophytes aux subtils rouages de l’écriture scientifique. Notre contribution repose sur un parti-pris méthodologique tout différent : le principe est d’interroger les chercheurs, confirmés ou non, issus des toutes les disciplines, à propos de leurs représentations ou de leurs pratiques s’agissant de l’argumentation à l’œuvre dans les travaux scientifiques. Ainsi, considèrent-ils qu’une recherche vise à démontrer une thèse ? Pensent-ils que le chercheur doit rester neutre et/ou objectif ? Estiment-ils que le chercheur soit tenu de contre-argumenter ? Quel degré d’argumentativité confèrent-ils aux différentes étapes de la recherche ? Comment décrivent-ils leurs propres pratiques argumentatives et celles de leurs étudiants ? Autant de questions, parmi d’autres, qui mettent en avant les tensions, les polémiques qui se font jour dans les études relevant des littéracies académiques. [less ▲]

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See detailMotiver sans contraindre, séduire sans manipuler
Defays, Jean-Marc ULg

in Le Langage et l'Homme (2016), 2016-1

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See detailThe role of biochemical of bone turnover markers in osteoporosis and metabolic bone disease: a consensus paper of the Belgian Bone Club.
Cavalier, Etienne ULg; Bergmann, P.; Bruyère, Olivier ULg et al

in Osteoporosis international : a journal established as result of cooperation between the European Foundation for Osteoporosis and the National Osteoporosis Foundation of the USA (2016), 27

The exact role of biochemical markers of bone turnover in the management of metabolic bone diseases remains a topic of controversy. In this consensus paper, the Belgian Bone Club aimed to provide a state ... [more ▼]

The exact role of biochemical markers of bone turnover in the management of metabolic bone diseases remains a topic of controversy. In this consensus paper, the Belgian Bone Club aimed to provide a state of the art on the use of these biomarkers in different clinical or physiological situations like in postmenopausal women, osteoporosis in men, in elderly patients, in patients suffering from bone metastasis, in patients with chronic renal failure, in pregnant or lactating women, in intensive care patients, and in diabetics. We also gave our considerations on the analytical issues linked to the use of these biomarkers, on potential new emerging biomarkers, and on the use of bone turnover biomarkers in the follow-up of patients treated with new drugs for osteoporosis. [less ▲]

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