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See detailStories from the lab, stories from the field: advancing crop biotechnology
Vanderschuren, Hervé ULg

Scientific conference (2016, November 03)

The use of crop biotechnology is steadily increasing in the agrosystems of industrialized countries. Recent advances in genome editing are anticipated to further accentuate this trend. Given its potential ... [more ▼]

The use of crop biotechnology is steadily increasing in the agrosystems of industrialized countries. Recent advances in genome editing are anticipated to further accentuate this trend. Given its potential for low input agriculture, there is a need to bring the benefits of crop biotechnology to developing and emerging countries. The challenge goes beyond the mere generation of transgenic crops because development and deployment of genetically engineered crops require local capacities and support from the authorities. In the recent years, we have used biotechnological approaches to improve cassava, the most important root crop in the tropics. Cassava production and processing suffer from several constraints, including viral diseases, drought and post-harvest deterioration. A better understanding of crop responses to biotic and abiotic stresses combined with genetic engineering approaches can be particularly instrumental to generate plants with improved traits. We have used Omics approaches to characterize cassava response to stresses and to subsequently implement biotechnological approaches for trait improvement. Smallholders and industries in cassava growing regions need traits such as resistance against cassava mosaic and brown streak diseases, prolonged shelf-life, drought tolerance, modified starch and improved nutritional content. Importantly those technologies should be implemented in local germplasm to secure impact for the local value chains. We actively collaborate with local institutions for technology transfer and assessment of cassava technologies in the field. [less ▲]

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See detailEntorse de cheville - Le traitement fonctionnel
Kaux, Jean-François ULg

Conference (2016, November 03)

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See detail7ème Cours de Mécanique Analytique II (2016-17), Bac3 phys, Master 1 Sc. Sp.
Surdej, Jean ULg

Learning material (2016)

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See detailPrevalence of viruses infecting plantain (Musa sp., AAB genome) in the major growing regions in Cote d'Ivoire
Kouadio, Kouakou Théodore; De Clerck, Caroline; Agneroh, Thérèse Atcham et al

in African Journal of Agricultural Research (2016), 11(44), 4532-4541

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See detailOnline multilingual (en, fr, es, pt, nl, kr, vi) terminological database in General Practice/Family Medicine ; the Q-Codes
Jamoulle, Marc ULg; Grosjean, Julien; Darmoni, Stefan

Textual, factual or bibliographical database (2016)

The Q-Codes are a classification of non-clinical items in General Practice / Family Medicine (GP/FM). This list is in an ontology-ready format, and made available at www.hetop.eu by the Departement of ... [more ▼]

The Q-Codes are a classification of non-clinical items in General Practice / Family Medicine (GP/FM). This list is in an ontology-ready format, and made available at www.hetop.eu by the Departement of medical informatics, University of Rouen, France. The Q-Codes, whose classification is complementary to ICPC-2, are part of the 3CGP project and are intended to retrieve the main organizational concepts in GP/FM. 3CGP is an acronym for “Core Content Classification in Primary Care.” The 3CGP project joins ICPC-2 and Q-Codes to create a new ontology to improve the indexing of grey literature in GP/FM. All data available in OWL2. [less ▲]

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See detailHurlements et métamorphoses. Les loups-garous au cinéma.
Tomasovic, Dick ULg

Conference given outside the academic context (2016)

Sur nos écrans dès le début du 20ème siècle, le loup-garou est une figure incontournable du genre fantastique. Cette conférence revient sur les mythologies liées aux figures de la lycanthropie avant d ... [more ▼]

Sur nos écrans dès le début du 20ème siècle, le loup-garou est une figure incontournable du genre fantastique. Cette conférence revient sur les mythologies liées aux figures de la lycanthropie avant d'aborder une série de questions de mise en scène propres à ce monstre du cinéma, dont la problématique de la transformation à vue. [less ▲]

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See detailTerminologia Multilíngue de Clínica General / Medicina de Família e Comunidade
Jamoulle, Marc ULg; Treuherz, Arthur; Gomes, Luis Filipe et al

Poster (2016, November 02)

Creation of the Q-Codes online knowledge base The list of themes, called Q-Codes has been elaborated in a bottom-up approach, by retrieving, in a qualitative analysis study, the themes most frequently ... [more ▼]

Creation of the Q-Codes online knowledge base The list of themes, called Q-Codes has been elaborated in a bottom-up approach, by retrieving, in a qualitative analysis study, the themes most frequently addressed by GPs when they meet in congresses. A taxonomy has been build. A multilingual terminological record has been developed for each of the 182 items identified. This work is freely available online on www.hetop.eu/Q (free access after inscription) and is supported by the Rouen (France) biomedical informatics department of the University of Rouen (France). All the data are available in the Web Ontology language (OWL-2), an ontology-ready format fit for future use in the semantic web. The product, user guide and e-learning are available on http://3cgp.docpatient.net/ The Q-codes base is aimed at several uses: • Online repository of knowledge specific to GP/FM in several languages • Online PubMed linked bibliographic system easy to use for training in GP/FM • Resource for online e-learning • Resource for analysis of content of congresses in GP/FM in joint usage with ICPC-2 and indexation of gray literature • Research area : o automatic or semi-automatic congresses indexation system o linking GP/FM to the web of data and the linked data initiative The multilingual terminology in GP/FM Out of the online database we are proud to present you the • General Practice / Family Medicine Multilingual Terminology – English version • Terminologia Multilíngue de Clínica Geral / Medicina de Família e Comunidade - Versão em Português • Terminología multilingüe de la medicina general y de familia- Versión española • Terminologie multilingue de médecine générale et de famille – Version française • Een meertalige terminologie in de huisartsgeneeskunde - Nederlandse versie • Từ điển thuật ngữ đa ngôn ngữ về y học tổng quát và y học gia đình – (Vietnamese) • -Codes and definitions will be also available online in Korean and Turkish Those 6 books (60 pages) are readable / downloadable freely online on http://3cgp.docpatient.net/ and contain an explanation of the elaboration process of the taxonomy, a tabular list of the Q-Codes, the list of their definitions and an index. [less ▲]

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See detailPresentation of the Liège Game Lab
Dozo, Björn-Olav ULg

Scientific conference (2016, November 02)

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See detailA semantic web based resource for GP/FM in English, Portuguese, French, Spanish, Dutch, Vietnamese & Korean
Jamoulle, Marc ULg; Gusso, Gustavo; Mariño, Maria Ana et al

Textual, factual or bibliographical database (2016)

The session is devoted to the launch of an online knowledge database specific to GP / FM. This work is the result of a two years’ work of a cooperative project between participants from 12 countries and 8 ... [more ▼]

The session is devoted to the launch of an online knowledge database specific to GP / FM. This work is the result of a two years’ work of a cooperative project between participants from 12 countries and 8 languages. People are now used to the International classification of Primary Care (ICPC-2) which addresses the clinical issues in GP/FM , ie Symptoms, Process and Diagnosis. We have work on non-clinical issues i.e. all themes addressed by GPs during congresses which concern organizational, ethical, structure, teaching or patient related issues not encompassed by ICPC-2. The letter Q was used to name Q-Codes because this letter wasn’t yet used in ICPC-2. Q-codes are a classification of non-clinical items in General Practice / Family Medicine (GP/FM). Q-codes are a classification of non-clinical items in General Practice / Family Medicine (GP/FM). After a demonstration of the Q-Codes terminology and of the online database, we are proud to present to you a new GP/FM terminology in 6 languages freely available online. Relevant urls are : · for Q-Codes knowledge base http://www.hetop.eu/Q · for user guide and download http://3cgp.docpatient.net/tutorials Contact marc.jamoulle@doct.ulg.ac.be [less ▲]

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See detailThe Q-Codes: General Practice / Family Medicine Online Multilingual Terminology & Knowledge Base. A semantic web based resource in English, Portuguese, French, Spanish, Dutch, Vietnamese, Turkish and Korean
Jamoulle, Marc ULg; Gusso, Gustavo; Mariño, Maria Ana et al

Conference (2016, November 02)

The session is devoted to the launch of an online knowledge database specific to GP / FM. This work is the result of a two years’ work of a cooperative project between participants from 12 countries and 8 ... [more ▼]

The session is devoted to the launch of an online knowledge database specific to GP / FM. This work is the result of a two years’ work of a cooperative project between participants from 12 countries and 8 languages. People are now used to the International classification of Primary Care (ICPC-2) which addresses the clinical issues in GP/FM , ie Symptoms, Process and Diagnosis. We have work on non-clinical issues i.e. all themes addressed by GPs during congresses which concern organizational, ethical, structure, teaching or patient related issues not encompassed by ICPC-2. The letter Q was used to name Q-Codes because this letter wasn’t yet used in ICPC-2. Q-codes are a classification of non-clinical items in General Practice / Family Medicine (GP/FM). Q-codes are a classification of non-clinical items in General Practice / Family Medicine (GP/FM). After a demonstration of the Q-Codes terminology and of the online database, we are proud to present to you a new GP/FM terminology in 6 languages freely available online. Relevant urls are : • for Q-Codes knowledge base http://www.hetop.eu/Q • for user guide and download http://3cgp.docpatient.net/ Contact marc.jamoulle@doct.ulg.ac.be [less ▲]

Detailed reference viewed: 52 (7 ULg)
See detailLa compétitivité du transport intermodal
Limbourg, Sabine ULg

Conference (2016, November 02)

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See detailQ-Code, version 2.5, multilingual tabular list (en, fr, es, pt, nl, ko, vi) copy desk
Jamoulle, Marc ULg

Learning material (2016)

Q-Codes list in two pagers, recto verso, in several languages (English - French - Spanish - Portuguese - Dutch - Vietnamese - Korean)

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See detailNon-reef environments impact the diversification of extant jacks, remoras and allies (Carangoidei, Percomorpha)
Frederich, Bruno ULg; Marrama, Giuseppe; Carnevale, Giorgio et al

in Proceedings of the Royal Society B : Biological Sciences (2016), 283

Various factors may impact the processes of diversification of a clade. In the marine realm, it has been shown that coral reef environments have promoted diversification in various fish groups. With the ... [more ▼]

Various factors may impact the processes of diversification of a clade. In the marine realm, it has been shown that coral reef environments have promoted diversification in various fish groups. With the exception of requiem sharks, all the groups showing a higher level of diversity in reefs than in non-reef habitats have diets based predominantly on plankton, algae or benthic invert- ebrates. Here we explore the pattern of diversification of carangoid fishes, a clade that includes numerous piscivorous species (e.g. trevallies, jacks and dolphinfishes), using time-calibrated phylogenies as well as ecological and morphological data from both extant and fossil species. The study of caran- goid morphospace suggests that reef environments played a role in their early radiation during the Eocene. However, contrary to the hypothesis of a reef-association-promoting effect, we show that habitat shifts to non-reef environments have increased the rates of morphological diversification (i.e. size and body shape) in extant carangoids. Piscivory did not have a major impact on the tempo of diversification of this group. Through the ecological radiation of carangoid fishes, we demonstrate that non-reef environments may sustain and promote processes of diversification of different marine fish groups, at least those including a large proportion of piscivorous species. [less ▲]

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See detailNitrogen isotopic ratios of NH 2 in comets: implication for 15 N-fractionation in cometary ammonia
Shinnaka, Yoshiharu; Kawakita, Hideyo; Jehin, Emmanuel ULg et al

in Monthly Notices of the Royal Astronomical Society (2016), 462

The isotopic ratios are diagnostics for the physico-chemical conditions governing molecular formation. In comets, 14N/15N ratios have been measured from HCN in three comets and from CN in more than 20 ... [more ▼]

The isotopic ratios are diagnostics for the physico-chemical conditions governing molecular formation. In comets, 14N/15N ratios have been measured from HCN in three comets and from CN in more than 20 comets. Those ratios are enriched in 15N compared to the Sun by a factor of ∼3, have a small diversity and do not depend on the dynamical type of the comets. The origin of this high 15N-fractionation is still in debate because CN probably comes not only from HCN, but also from other materials (such as polymers or organic dusts) in the coma. Consequently, an interpretation of the isotopic ratios in cometary CN is quite complicated due to the multiple possible parents of CN. In contrast with CN, the isotopic ratios of nitrogen in NH3 give us a much clearer interpretation than in CN because NH3 is directly incorporated in the nuclear ices. To estimate the 14N/15N ratios in NH3, 14N/15N ratios have been determined from high-resolution spectra of NH2 in the optical wavelength region. NH2 is indeed a dominant photodissociation product of NH3. Those ratios were also found to be enriched in 15N compared to the Sun by a factor of ∼3. In this paper, we present 14N/15N ratios in NH2 for an additional sample of 16 comets. Our sample includes short-period comets as well as long-period comets. We found that the 14N/15N ratios in cometary NH2 also show a small dispersion and do not depend on the dynamical origin of the comets. [less ▲]

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See detailOrtho-to-para abundance ratios of NH2in 26 comets: implications for the real meaning of OPRs
Shinnaka, Yoshiharu; Kawakita, Hideyo; Jehin, Emmanuel ULg et al

in Monthly Notices of the Royal Astronomical Society (2016), 462

Abundance ratios of nuclear-spin isomers for cometary molecules having identical protons, such as water and ammonia, have been measured and discussed from the viewpoint that they are primordial characters ... [more ▼]

Abundance ratios of nuclear-spin isomers for cometary molecules having identical protons, such as water and ammonia, have been measured and discussed from the viewpoint that they are primordial characters in comet. In the case of ammonia, its ortho-to-para abundance ratio (OPR) is usually estimated from OPRs of NH2 because of difficulty in measuring OPR of ammonia directly. We report our survey for OPRs of NH2 in 26 comets. A weighted mean of ammonia OPRs for the comets is 1.12 ± 0.01 and no significant difference is found between the Oort Cloud comets and the Jupiter-family comets. These values correspond to ∼30 K as nuclear-spin temperatures. The OPRs of ammonia in comets probably reflect the physicochemical conditions in coma, rather than the conditions for the molecular formation or condensation in the pre-solar molecular cloud/the solar nebula, based on comparison of OPRs (and nuclear-spin temperatures) of ammonia with those of water, 14N/15N ratios in ammonia, and D/H ratios in water. The OPRs could be reset to a nuclear-spin weights ratio in solid phase and modified by interactions with protonated ions like H3O+, water clusters (H2O)n, ice grains, and paramagnetic impurities (such as O2 molecules and grains) in the inner coma gas. Relationship between the OPRs of ammonia and water is a clue to understanding the real meaning of the OPRs. [less ▲]

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See detailLife Cycle Costing for a Near Zero Energy Building in Jordan: Initial Study
Attia, Shady ULg; Al-Khuraissat, Maysoon

in The 5th Architectural Jordanian International Conference (2016, November 01)

Green Building movement has grown in Jordan for the last 10 year for environmental and financial reasons directly related to energy consumption and cost. Despite the few success stories, green design and ... [more ▼]

Green Building movement has grown in Jordan for the last 10 year for environmental and financial reasons directly related to energy consumption and cost. Despite the few success stories, green design and green buildings are not yet the norm in the building sector in the country. One main concern for design engineers as well as investors and building owners is the extra cost green building will bring compared to traditional one. This assumption is wrong since a building cost should be analyzed through its life cycle, which not only include design and construction but also operation and maintenance costs as well. Since issuing the Renewable Energy and Energy Efficiency Law No. 13 of 2012, Jordan opened a new era in the RE and EE, a changing point directly related to this law is the ability to sell electricity production to electricity companies and not only being consumers. The building sector is a direct winner if designers and engineers make right decisions. An ambitious but possible goal is to design and build Net Zero Buildings, which are buildings that produce energy as much as they consume. The aim of this paper is to provide real life cost-effective building strategies and design scenarios that will lead to a successful near Zero Energy Building in Jordan. The paper will use a representative residential apartment in the city of Amman (135- 155 m2) as the base case for the study. The design will be upgraded to include main green building strategies recommended for the climatic zone, provide loads for required systems, and test them all against performance and cost. Design scenarios will be tested and refined tell reach the best design formula that will be both functional and cost effective. The paper will provide a list of recommendations for best economically feasible design solutions and system selections that can lead to a near Zero Energy Building in Jordan for residential apartments. [less ▲]

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See detailChandra View of Magnetically Confined Wind in HD191612: Theory Versus Observations
Nazé, Yaël ULg; ud-Doula, Asif; Zhekov, Svetozar A.

in Astrophysical Journal (2016), 831(#138), 11

High-resolution spectra of the magnetic star HD 191612 were acquired using the Chandra X-ray Observatory at both maximum and minimum emission phases. We confirm the flux and hardness variations previously ... [more ▼]

High-resolution spectra of the magnetic star HD 191612 were acquired using the Chandra X-ray Observatory at both maximum and minimum emission phases. We confirm the flux and hardness variations previously reported with XMM-Newton, demonstrating the high repeatability of the behavior of HD 191612 over a decade. The line profiles appear typical for magnetic massive stars: no significant line shift, relatively narrow lines for high-Z elements, and formation radius at about 2 {R}[SUB]* [/SUB]. Line ratios confirm the softening of the X-ray spectrum at the minimum emission phase. Shift or width variations appear of limited amplitude at most (slightly lower velocity and slightly increased broadening at minimum emission phase, but within 1–2σ of values at maximum). In addition, a fully self-consistent 3D magnetohydrodynamic simulation of the confined wind in HD 191612 was performed. The simulation results were directly fitted to the data, leading to a remarkable agreement overall between them. [less ▲]

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See detailThe effects of timing of insemination and GnRH treatment on pregnancy rates of N’Dama females after induction of oestrus with progestin
Okouyi M’foumou W’otari, Marcel; Hanzen, Christian ULg

in Revue d'Elévage et de Médecine Vétérinaire des Pays Tropicaux (2016), 69(2), 73-78

The aim of this clinical trial was to quantify the results of pregnancy after treating trypanotolerant N'Dama female cattle (n=168) using a CIDR® (1.38g of progesterone) inserted for seven days. An ... [more ▼]

The aim of this clinical trial was to quantify the results of pregnancy after treating trypanotolerant N'Dama female cattle (n=168) using a CIDR® (1.38g of progesterone) inserted for seven days. An intramuscular (IM) PG injection (500µg of cloprostenol) was administered two days before removal of the device. Subsequently, an IM injection of 400UI of eCG was administered when the device was removed. The animals were inseminated respectively 48 (Group 1) and 72 hours (Group 2) after removal of the CIDR®. In both groups, half the animals were treated with 4.2µg of buserelin acetate and the other half with 1ml of physiological saline. Four protocols were thus tested: CIDR-PG-eCG/IA48h, CIDR-PG-eCG/IA48h/GnRH+, CIDR-PG-eCG/IA72h, and CIDR-PG-eCG/IA72h/GnRH+. A pregnancy diagnosis has been done by echography 45 to 60 days after insemination. The average pregnancy rate was 37.5% (n=168). That of the adult cows (43.2%, n=111) was significantly (P < 0.03) higher than that of the heifers (26.3%, n=57). The pregnancy rate observed in animals in Group 2 (48.8%) was significantly higher (P < 0.002) than that observed in the animals in Group 1 (26.2%). Physiological condition and the injection of GnRH at the time of insemination had no significant impact on the pregnancy rate. The hormonal protocol using CIDR-PG-eCG (400UI) and a timed artificial insemination 72 h later improves the pregnancy rates in the N’Dama female. [less ▲]

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See detailProduction laitière et santé mammaire (Bio Ingénieurs)
Hanzen, Christian ULg

Learning material (2016)

Ce cours de 2 heures s'inscrit dans cadre du module "Production laitière par le ruminant" dispensé aux étudiants de master bio-ingénieur en sciences agronomiques. Les objectifs spécifiques ont été définis ... [more ▼]

Ce cours de 2 heures s'inscrit dans cadre du module "Production laitière par le ruminant" dispensé aux étudiants de master bio-ingénieur en sciences agronomiques. Les objectifs spécifiques ont été définis en accord avec le professeur Yves Beckers co-responsable du module. Ce cours a pour objectif général de définir la mammite, ses conséquences, ses signes d'alerte au niveau de l'individu et du troupeau, son approche diagnostique, ses facteurs de risque au niveau individuel et d'élevage et ses grandes lignes d'approche thérapeutique. [less ▲]

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