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See detailPrior light history impacts on higher order cognitive brain function
Chellappa, Sarah Laxhmi ULg; Ly, Julien; Meyer, Christelle ULg et al

Conference (2014, June 17)

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See detailInfusion of clinical-grade enriched regulatory T cells delays experimental xenogeneic graft-versus-host disease
Hannon, Muriel ULg; LECHANTEUR, Chantal ULg; Lucas, Sophie et al

in Transfusion (2014), 54(February), 353-363

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See detailPolyester-based microcarriers with enhanced surface properties for tissue engineering
Markvicheva, Elena; Privalova, Anna; Sevrin, Chantal ULg et al

Poster (2014, June 17)

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See detailIN VITRO STUDY OF A FIBER NETWORK TAILORED AS 3D-CELL MODEL
Sevrin, Chantal ULg; Lombart, François ULg; Godino, Miguel et al

Poster (2014, June 17)

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See detailAdolescent male sexual offenders: pubertal timing, psychosocial functioning and sexual abuse: what links?
Glowacz, Fabienne ULg

Conference (2014, June 17)

The impact of pubertal development on the psychological and social functioning of the teenager arouses a particular interest; the most recent research shows the existence of complex relationships between ... [more ▼]

The impact of pubertal development on the psychological and social functioning of the teenager arouses a particular interest; the most recent research shows the existence of complex relationships between pubertal development and the manifestation of internalized and externalized disorders. According to a biosocial model, biological and social factors interact in their influence on sexual behavior. A number of studies have shown that sexual activity is associated with pubertal timing. Our study is interested specifically in the links between sexual activity (and sexual abuse) during adolescence and pubertal maturation in a population of juvenile sexual offenders aged between 12 and 18 years. We measured the pubertal variable starting from the perceived pubertal timing (PPT), which evaluates the teenagers' perception of their pubertal maturation, compared with that of their peers, to understand its impact on various dimensions of the functioning of teenagers: the perception of self , aggressiveness, association with peers, self-revealed delinquency and sexual offenses. Two predominant hypothesis are used for explain influence of pubertal timing on sexual offense: the maturational deviance hypothesis and the early timing hypothesis. Our results confirm the importance of integrating the puberty variable into research on adolescent male sexual offenders, but also at the level of intervention. [less ▲]

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See detailIslamic religion and food practices in migration context: negotiating belonging and performing subjectivities
Mescoli, Elsa ULg

Scientific conference (2014, June 17)

My paper focuses on the ethnographic material collected during a doctoral research around the culinary practices of Moroccan women living in the city of Sesto San Giovanni (in Milan hinterland, Italy). In ... [more ▼]

My paper focuses on the ethnographic material collected during a doctoral research around the culinary practices of Moroccan women living in the city of Sesto San Giovanni (in Milan hinterland, Italy). In particular, adopting a praxeological approach to subjectivation (Warnier 2001), I will highlight those aspects of the materiality that I studied which recall the belonging of the considered women to Islamic religion. In fact, everyday food consumption (or that related to specific events) and the very same preparation of recipes, are influenced not only by the prescriptions concerning licit and illicit food, but also by the suggestions regarding food which are appropriate to eat. On the one hand, Islamic norms prohibit some food to believers, such as certain meats because of the animal species or the category of victims (Benkheira 1997) to which they belong. Nevertheless, Muslim women behaviours concerning meat consumption are various, such as those of my informants, who in some cases demonstrate to negotiate such norms in order to materially shape a specific self interacting with different collective belongings. On the other hand, some Quranic verses and some sayings of the prophet Muhammad, define a soul food (Rouse and Hoskin 2004), by suggesting to believers what to eat to perform their piety: the preparation and the consumption of some food – and not only the abstention from it – finds in fact religious reasons. In order to follow such suggestions, in a context where Islamic religion is not the majority one, women has to deal with local rules while performing the materiality of some rituals. Religion and traditions intertwine and they shape specific knowledge and savoir-faire which are negotiated by the women considered so as to affirm their various belongings and to face the constraints which the new lived context imposes to them. Such constraints oblige a form of reflexivity on religious norms and rites (Højbjerg 2002), in order to define a limit beyond which modifications are perceived as subtractions of sense (Dore 2001). In my paper, I will try to give some ethnographic examples of these forms of reflexivity and to show how these dynamics constitute the materiality upon which and with which the women considered define their subjectivity. To support my reflexions, I will use visual materials such as photos and videos, which will witness the material density of these facts. [less ▲]

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See detail"Je ne suis pas philosophe." Rousseau au miroir de l'épistolaire. Images de soi dans la correspondance de Jean-Jacques Rousseau (1730-1765)
Biquet, Stéphanie ULg

Doctoral thesis (2014)

L’objet de cette recherche consiste donc en une analyse de l’image de soi dans le discours épistolaire de Jean-Jacques Rousseau, depuis les premières années genevoises (vers 1730) jusqu’au départ pour ... [more ▼]

L’objet de cette recherche consiste donc en une analyse de l’image de soi dans le discours épistolaire de Jean-Jacques Rousseau, depuis les premières années genevoises (vers 1730) jusqu’au départ pour l’Angleterre (1765). Plus précisément, nous avons examiné le rapport que cette image entretient avec la figure du philosophe, qui fait l’objet d’une profonde reconfiguration au cours du XVIIIe siècle et qui nous semble une clé de lecture incontournable pour comprendre Rousseau. [less ▲]

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See detailThe circadian system sets the temporal organization of basic human neuronal function
Chellappa, Sarah Laxhmi ULg; Ly, Julien; Gaggioni, Giulia et al

Conference (2014, June 16)

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See detailLa prospective en Wallonie: Une lecture plurielle
Guyot, Jean-Luc; Rieppi, Stéphane ULg

in Guyot, Jean-Luc; Brunet, Sébastien (Eds.) Construire les futurs - Contributions épistémologiques et méthodologiques à la démarche prospective (2014)

Dans ce chapitre, les auteurs tentent d’identifier les différentes conceptions de la prospective coexistant au sein du Système Régional de Prospective Wallon (SRPW), un réseau d’opérateurs appartenant au ... [more ▼]

Dans ce chapitre, les auteurs tentent d’identifier les différentes conceptions de la prospective coexistant au sein du Système Régional de Prospective Wallon (SRPW), un réseau d’opérateurs appartenant au milieu de la recherche ou à celui de l’administration et intéressés par la prospective. Pour ce faire, ils s’appuient sur une enquête qualitative menée auprès des membres de ce réseau. Les réponses apportées aux questions posées permettent de mettre en évidence la grande diversité des points de vue. Leur examen se déroule en deux temps. Tout d’abord, chacune des dimensions abordées par le questionnaire est considérée tout à tour. Ensuite, une analyse transversale des réponses est menée et permet d’établir une typologie des conceptions rencontrées dans le réseau. L’hétérogénéité ainsi mise en évidence par les auteurs est mis en relation avec certains apports de l’épistémologie et de la sociologie du savoir. [less ▲]

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See detailA forward genetic screen to identify hydrogenase-deficient mutants in the unicellular green alga Chlamydomonas reinhardtii
Emonds-Alt, Barbara ULg; Godaux, Damien ULg; Cardol, Pierre ULg et al

Poster (2014, June 15)

The ability of the unicellular green alga Chlamydomonas reinhardtii to evolve molecular hydrogen (H2) is due to the presence of oxygen-sensitive Fe-hydrogenases (HydA1/2), expressed in anoxic conditions ... [more ▼]

The ability of the unicellular green alga Chlamydomonas reinhardtii to evolve molecular hydrogen (H2) is due to the presence of oxygen-sensitive Fe-hydrogenases (HydA1/2), expressed in anoxic conditions that drive the photosynthetic electron flow to reduce protons into H2. In order to identify new players involved in H2 photoproduction in Chlamydomonas, an insertion mutant library was generated using cassettes conferring resistance to hygromycin or paromomycin. Hydrogenase activity is physiologically relevant during a transition from dark anoxia to light. In dark anoxic conditions, the cellular redox poise is high and the photosynthetic electron transport chain is fully reduced. Upon illumination, hydrogenase activity allows the reoxidation of photosynthetic intersystem electron carriers until oxic conditions and carbon fixation ability are restored. We thus designed an in vivo fluorescence imaging screen based on the different kinetics of photosynthesis induction between wild type and hydrogenase-deficient mutants [1]. At this stage, three putative hydrogenase mutants have been identified on 10,000 transformants. Molecular characterization of the insertion site of the resistance cassette by TAIL-PCR and genetic analyses of the linkage between the antibiotic resistance and the fluorescence phenotype showed that one mutant was untagged with the resistance while two tagged mutants were deficient for the HydG assembly factor. [less ▲]

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See detailThe Discretionary Use of Strasbourg Jurisprudence by the International Criminal Court
Deprez, Christophe ULg

Conference (2014, June 13)

Although the case law of the European Court of Human Rights ("ECtHR") has had and still shows critical influence on the development of the practice of the International Criminal Court ("ICC"), it remains ... [more ▼]

Although the case law of the European Court of Human Rights ("ECtHR") has had and still shows critical influence on the development of the practice of the International Criminal Court ("ICC"), it remains unclear what the authority of such external jurisprudence is vis-à-vis the international criminal judge. While it is virtually undisputed that human rights law, in general terms, is applicable to proceedings before the ICC, many scholars tend to adopt a much nuanced approach to the authority of human rights case law in particular. This paper aims to shed further light on the issue by addressing the question whether ICC judges have used Strasbourg jurisprudence in a consistent manner, in particular as regards the authority which they decided to vest the latter with. It demonstrates that ICC Chambers have relied on European human rights practice, alternatively, as a mere source of inspiration, as binding interpretation, as a corpus having ambivalent authority, or as a source whose legal value it simply left unspecified. This leads us to conclude that, on the whole, the ICC has been mostly inconsistent regarding the value of ECtHR case law in the context of international criminal proceedings. Such inconsistency, we argue, amounts to a discretionary use of Strasbourg jurisprudence that further reinforces the Court's paradoxical position as the ultimate authority for defining the boundaries of its own human rights constraint. [less ▲]

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See detailDétermination de la teneur en équol dans les laits commercialisés en Wallonie (Belgique)
Daems, Frédéric ULg; Jasselette, Christophe; Franckson, Delphine et al

Poster (2014, June 13)

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See detailDensité et écologie des chimpanzés (Pan troglodytes schweinfurthii) dans le Parc National de la Kibira, Burundi
Hakizimana, Dismas ULg

Doctoral thesis (2014)

Les forêts tropicales africaines et les communautés de primates qu'elles abritent sont sérieusement menacées par l'accélération des taux de conversion et de dégradation des forêts ainsi que par les ... [more ▼]

Les forêts tropicales africaines et les communautés de primates qu'elles abritent sont sérieusement menacées par l'accélération des taux de conversion et de dégradation des forêts ainsi que par les activités de braconnage. L'impact de ces menaces est si grand que certaines communautés de primates ont complètement disparu avant d’avoir été reconnues, encore moins étudiées. Des données référentielles sont toujours nécessaires pour comprendre les variations spatio-temporelles des primates. Les estimations de la densité ou d'abondance des populations sont des outils de première importance lors de la détermination des priorités de conservation et de la mise en place d’un plan de gestion des populations de primate. Comme dans les écosystèmes forestiers, la répartition et l’abondance des différentes espèces d’arbres influencent profondément les communautés animales qui y vivent, nous avons d’abord cherché à déterminer la densité et la structure des espèces d’arbres de la forêt de Kibira. Dans 256 plots couvrant une superficie de 32,15 ha, un total de 6.504 arbres répartis en 70 espèces, 67 genres et 37 familles ont été enregistrés. La densité était de 202 tiges par hectare, avec une surface basale de 21,05 m² par hectare. Au total, six espèces de primates diurnes ont été enregistrées dont une espèce anthropoïde (Pan troglodytes schweinfurthii), quatre cercopithecinae (Cercopithecus mitis, Cercopithecus mona denti, Cercopithecus lhoesti et Lophocebus albigena) et une colobinae (Colobus angolensis). Seule la densité et l’effectif total de la population des chimpanzés sont connus, tandis que pour le reste des espèces, seul l’indice d’abondance kilométrique a été calculé. Cette recherche a accordé une attention particulière à l’espèce emblématique du Parc National de la Kibira, le chimpanzé d’Afrique de l’est, Pan troglodytes schweinfurthii. Afin de mieux protéger cette sous-espèce en danger d’extinction, nous avons mené des investigations sur les sites de nidification pour identifier les espèces et les caractéristiques des arbres sur lesquelles les chimpanzés comptent pour la construction des nids. Les résultats ont montré que les chimpanzés sélectionnent certaines espèces d’arbres lors de la construction des nids. Le secteur Mabayi, situé au nord du parc, est le plus riche en espèces de primates; il abrite cinq espèces sur les six enregistrées, et deux espèces: Cercopithecus lhoesti (menacée) et Colobus angolensis ne se retrouvent qu’à Mabayi uniquement. Cette partie du parc constitue une clé pour la diversité et devrait par conséquent bénéficier d’une attention particulière en matière de protection et conservation. [less ▲]

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See detailPréface
Marganne, Marie-Hélène ULg

in Ricciardetto, Antonio (Ed.) L’Anonyme de Londres (P.Lit.Lond. 165, Brit.Libr. inv. 137). Édition et traduction d’un papyrus médical grec du Ier siècle (2014)

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See detailMeasuring the body, measuring through the body
Vangeebergen, Thomas ULg

Conference (2014, June 13)

Body is a particular relevant way to tackle design processes, because of the multiplicity of status it can acquire during these processes: a source of information, a target to fit, a device to perform, a ... [more ▼]

Body is a particular relevant way to tackle design processes, because of the multiplicity of status it can acquire during these processes: a source of information, a target to fit, a device to perform, a complex technology, an apparatus for the users. A specific body is presented in this paper: the measured body. Trough racial anthropology, sport performances, demographic statistics, medical treatments, psycho-cognitive surveys, quantified self, or in many other contexts, human body is subject to a wide range of various measures. I would on my own propose some thoughts grounded on field exploration, concerning sensory analysis practices, in various laboratories. According to the symmetrical glaze STS have gave from the beginning to both human and non-humans, objects and subjects, the body is for a start itself one of the “stuffs” overlapping categories, blurring distinctions between things and persons, at the same a time a given and an object to perform. The measures of the body, and made with/through the body, highlight how it could be enacted, revealed, understood, improved by technology, especially when it requires some quantitative data. But it allows us also to grasp how the body is viewed simultaneously as a technological device and as the data origin, to intervene during complex practices (e.g. standardization, lab experiments, and marketing surveys). One of the numerous outcomes of such research could be the role of these bodily measurements in the definition of the actors, as well individuals than collectives. By the way it takes on a share on the network tying body to numerical data and to materiality-other-than-human, to measure the body/ through the body seems to afford socio-materiality in a particularly productive manner. Many scholars have inquired about numbers, how they could bring objectivity, how they produce confidence and security, and how finally they participate to black-box the measures themselves. Here, the aim is to understand the specificity of the body as measurement issue, being the interface of the-objects-to-be-measured and the instrument-of-measure. [less ▲]

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