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See detailLes lois belges et luxembourgeoises
Desseilles, François ULg; de Clippele, Marie-Sophie

in Bady, Jean-Pierre; Cornu, Marie; Fromageau, Jérôme (Eds.) et al De 1913 au Code du patrimoine, une loi en évolution (in press)

La présente contribution met en parallèle trois législations – les lois française de 1913, luxembourgeoise de 1927 et belge de 1931 – au moment de leur publication respective. La confrontation est ... [more ▼]

La présente contribution met en parallèle trois législations – les lois française de 1913, luxembourgeoise de 1927 et belge de 1931 – au moment de leur publication respective. La confrontation est effectuée quant à la forme de ces législations. Il s’agit de voir s’il y a ou non une certaine « identité des actes » – en quelque sorte savoir si leur aspect extérieur se ressemble ou non (intitulé, structure, etc.) (1er chapitre). La confrontation exercée d’un point de vue formel n’est jamais loin de la confrontation conceptuelle en ce que l’ « identité de formulation » – tant article par article que selon la place qu’occupent les articles dans l’acte ou les « lacunes » - laisse la possibilité, d’une part, d’évoquer la réutilisation de mécanismes juridiques antérieurs voire le comblement de lacunes par des législations ultérieures et, d’autre part, permet d’entrer dans la comparaison des concepts à l’aide des sources officielles et non-officielles. C’est ce que nous tenterons de voir dans une seconde partie, au travers de l’analyse historique des législations belge et luxembourgeoise, au regard de la législation française (2e chapitre). [less ▲]

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See detailFavoriser la co-régulation et la co-construction d’une démarche efficace de résolution de problèmes mathématiques en fin d’enseignement primaire
Jaegers, Doriane ULg; Lafontaine, Dominique ULg; Fagnant, Annick ULg

in Schweizerische Zeitschrift fur Bildungswissenschaften = Rivista Svizzera di Scienze dell'Educazione = Revue Suisse des Sciences de l'Education (in press), 38(3),

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See detailLa préface, lieu de transaction de l’écrivain-éditeur : double jeu et parole intermédiaire
Lorent, Fanny ULg

in Saint-Amand, Denis; Luneau, Marie-Pier (Eds.) Jeux et enjeux de la préface (in press)

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See detailEffect of Dietary Energy on Productive and Reproductive Performance of Algerian Local Rabbit Does and Their Litters
Saidj, Dahia; Ainbaziz, H.; Salhi, O. et al

in Animal Nutrition and Feed Technology (in press)

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See detailThe influence of the rotational hardening rule of yield surface for natural clays: review and comparative study
Ahayan, Sanae ULg; Yin, Zhen-Yu; Kotronis, Panagiotis et al

in Computers and Geotechnics (in press)

Induced anisotropy is a constitutive feature of clays that can be numerically introduced through a proper "Rotational Hardening Rule" allowing the rotation of the yield and the potential plastic surfaces ... [more ▼]

Induced anisotropy is a constitutive feature of clays that can be numerically introduced through a proper "Rotational Hardening Rule" allowing the rotation of the yield and the potential plastic surfaces in the stress space. In this paper, rotational hardening rule of yield surface for clays are first reviewed. Then, five typical rotational hardening rules are selected and compared through simulating drained triaxial tests of two Finnish clays. Furthermore, finite element simulations of a strip rigid footing considering different rotational hardening rules together with the case of isotropic yield surface without rotation are carried out in order to study the consequences of the isotropy assumption and the influence of the rotational hardening rule on the behavior of shallow foundation. [less ▲]

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See detailResting-state test–retest reliability of a priori defined canonical networks over different preprocessing steps
Varikuti, Deepthi; Hoffstaedter, Felix; Genon, Sarah ULg et al

in Brain Structure & Function (in press)

Resting-state functional connectivity analysis has become a widely used method for the investigation of human brain connectivity and pathology. The measurement of neuronal activity by functional MRI ... [more ▼]

Resting-state functional connectivity analysis has become a widely used method for the investigation of human brain connectivity and pathology. The measurement of neuronal activity by functional MRI, however, is impeded by various nuisance signals that reduce the stability of functional connectivity. Several methods exist to address this predicament, but little consensus has yet been reached on the most appropriate approach. Given the crucial importance of reliability for the development of clinical applications, we here investigated the effect of various confound removal approaches on the test–retest reliability of functional connectivity estimates in two previously defined functional brain networks. Our results showed that gray matter masking improved the reliability of connectivity estimates, whereas denoising based on principal components analysis reduced it. We additionally observed that refraining from using any correction for global signals provided the best test–retest reliability, but failed to reproduce anti-correlations between what have been previously described as antagonistic networks. This suggests that improved reliability can come at the expense of potentially poorer biological validity. Consistent with this, we observed that reliability was proportional to the retained variance, which presumably included structured noise, such as reliable nuisance signals (for instance, noise induced by cardiac processes). We conclude that compromises are necessary between maximizing test–retest reliability and removing variance that may be attributable to non-neuronal sources. [less ▲]

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See detailDe la thérapeutique à la cosmétique : le verbe στιμμίζειν dans les écrits médicaux grecs
Marganne, Marie-Hélène ULg

in Boudon-Millot, Véronique; Labonnelie-Pardon, Muriel (Eds.) Le teint de Phrynè. Thérapeutique et cosmétique dans l'Antiquité. Paris, Maison de la Recherche, 14-15 janvier 2016 (in press)

Depuis quand et dans quel(s) contexte(s) le substantif στίμμι (ou στῖμι ou στῖβι) désignant une substance de couleur noire dont le nom est d'origine égyptienne, et le verbe στιμμίζειν (ou στιμίζειν ou ... [more ▼]

Depuis quand et dans quel(s) contexte(s) le substantif στίμμι (ou στῖμι ou στῖβι) désignant une substance de couleur noire dont le nom est d'origine égyptienne, et le verbe στιμμίζειν (ou στιμίζειν ou στιβίζειν, ainsi que le composé ὑποστιμμίζειν) décrivant son application dans la région des yeux, sont-ils attestés dans les écrits médicaux grecs ? C'est à ces questions que l'on s'efforce de répondre en relevant en outre les justifications thérapeutiques de cette pratique par les médecins. [less ▲]

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See detailAdvances in diagnosis and management of familial pituitary adenomas
JEDIDI, Haroun ULg; ROSTOMYAN, Lilith; POTORAC, Iulia et al

in International Journal of Endocrine Oncology (in press)

Familial pituitary adenomas accounts for approximately 5-8 % of all pituitary adenomas. Besides the adenomas occurring as part of syndromic entities that bring together several endocrine or other systems ... [more ▼]

Familial pituitary adenomas accounts for approximately 5-8 % of all pituitary adenomas. Besides the adenomas occurring as part of syndromic entities that bring together several endocrine or other systems disorders, 2-3% of the familial pituitary adenomas fit into the familial isolated pituitary adenomas (FIPA) syndrome. 20% of FIPA syndromes have shown mutations in the AIP gene and have distinct clinical characteristics. Recent findings have isolated a new non-AIP FIPA syndrome called X-LAG, resulting from duplication in GPR-101 gene. These new advances in the field of pituitary disease are opening up a new challenging domain to both clinician and researcher. This review will focus on these last findings and their contribution to the diagnosis and the management of familial pituitary adenomas. [less ▲]

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See detailDirect prediction of spatially and temporally varying physical properties from time-lapse electrical resistance data
Hermans, Thomas ULg; Oware, Erasmus; Caers, Jef

in Water Resources Research (in press)

Time-lapse applications of electrical methods have grown significantly over the last decade. However, the quantitative interpretation of tomograms in terms of physical properties, such as salinity ... [more ▼]

Time-lapse applications of electrical methods have grown significantly over the last decade. However, the quantitative interpretation of tomograms in terms of physical properties, such as salinity, temperature or saturation, remains difficult. In many applications, geophysical models are transformed into hydrological models, but this transformation suffers from spatially and temporally varying resolution resulting from the regularization used by the deterministic inversion. In this study, we investigate a prediction-focused approach (PFA) to directly estimate subsurface physical properties with electrical resistance data, circumventing the need for classic tomographic inversions. First, we generate a prior set of resistance data and physical property forecast through hydrogeological and geophysical simulations mimicking the field experiment. We reduce the dimension of both the data and the forecast through principal component analysis in order to keep the most informative part of both sets in a reduced dimension space. Then, we apply canonical correlation analysis to explore the relationship between the data and the forecast in their reduced dimension space. If a linear relationship can be established, the posterior distribution of the forecast can be directly sampled using a Gaussian process regression where the field data scores are the conditioning data. In this paper, we demonstrate PFA for various physical property distributions. We also develop a framework to propagate the estimated noise level in the reduced dimension space. We validate the results by a Monte Carlo study on the posterior distribution and demonstrate that PFA yields accurate uncertainty for the cases studied. [less ▲]

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See detailMitigating the Nuclear ‘Dual-Use Dilemma’: Suggestions for the Enhancement of the Culture of Responsibility
Colussi, Ilaria Anna ULg

in Fleck, Dieter; Black-Branch, Jonathan (Eds.) Nuclear Non-Proliferation in International Law. Vol. III: Legal Aspects of the Use of Nuclear Energy for Peaceful Purposes (in press)

This Chapter aims at delineating a proper ethical and legal response to the ‘dual-use dilemma’ of nuclear science and technologies. After assessing the different models of governance proposed so far for ... [more ▼]

This Chapter aims at delineating a proper ethical and legal response to the ‘dual-use dilemma’ of nuclear science and technologies. After assessing the different models of governance proposed so far for addressing the ‘dual-use’ feature of nuclear technologies, and based on precautionary, proactionary and cost/benefit approaches, it develops a framework based on the notion of ‘responsible stewardship’. This framework is based on a comprehensive analysis – through the involvement and cooperation, as much as possible, of all the stakeholders in the field – of both the advantages and the risks of the nuclear area, considering social, ethical, legal, environmental and political values. The policies then adopted are periodically and constantly revised (according to a ‘step by step’ principle) and based on the proportional balance of interests, values and rights at stake. A multilevel framework of sources and actors is involved in such a responsible process. A specific attention is devoted to the balance between the freedom to research and the security needs at the individual and at the State level, in particular focusing on Article IV of the Treaty of Non-Proliferation of Nuclear Weapons. Concrete ways for applying such model are explained, in particular with regard to the control of materials, education of people, and control of information. Finally, the historical steps in the governance of nuclear technologies are explored and some examples provided for the suggested approach. [less ▲]

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See detailLe développement d'une multinationale métallurgique liégeoise : la Compagnie Générale des Conduites d'eau (1865-1939)
Destatte, Julien ULg

in Actes du neuvième congrès de l'Association des Cercles francophones d'Histoire et d'Archéologie de Belgique (in press)

The "Compagnie Générale des Conduites d'eau" was an financial and industrial company based in Liège. This article explains briefly how it worked during the periode between its creation in 1865 and 1939.

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See detailPaper Formats of the Mamluk Period: The Contribution of Mamluk Chancery Paper
Bauden, Frédéric ULg

in Journal of Islamic Manuscripts (in press)

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See detailAu coeur des débats. La diffusion des têtes végétalisées dans les décors de « IVe style »,
Derwael, Stéphanie ULg

in Actes du XIIe colloque de l'Association Internationale pour l’étude de la Peinture Murale Antique (in press)

L’utilisation de la Blattmaske dans les décors pariétaux peints se fait selon diverses modalités. Pour en comprendre pleinement le sens, il convient de considérer le motif dans son contexte ornemental et ... [more ▼]

L’utilisation de la Blattmaske dans les décors pariétaux peints se fait selon diverses modalités. Pour en comprendre pleinement le sens, il convient de considérer le motif dans son contexte ornemental et architectural. Il s’agit tout d’abord de préciser le mode d’insertion des « têtes végétalisées » dans le reste de la décoration de la paroi. Car s’il est vrai qu’elles peuvent faire l’objet d’un jeu formel, elles ne doivent pas pour autant être considérées comme de purs éléments décoratifs. La mise en série dans des bandes « ornementales », l’isolement dans un cadre, ou encore le positionnement stratégique à un endroit clef d’une composition, accordent en effet au motif différents niveaux de lecture. L’analyse conjointe du décor ambiant permet par ailleurs de préciser davantage l’interprétation de l’image. Les Blattmasken se voient effectivement associées à différents motifs, parmi lesquels les êtres hybrides, ou encore les scènes marines ou dionysiaques. Enfin, il convient de préciser le contexte architectural dans lequel le motif est employé, la portée du message véhiculé par le programme décoratif dépendant de la fonction de la pièce et du bâtiment. [less ▲]

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See detailArticle "Hippocrate"
Ricciardetto, Antonio ULg

in Zawieja, Philippe (Ed.) Dictionnaire de la fatigue (in press)

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See detailImages et rituel : l’exemple des pinakes de Locres Épizéphyrienne
Collard, Hélène ULg

in Jaccottet, Anne-Françoise (Ed.) Rituels en image – Images de rituel (in press)

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See detailA Baby's Cost: How Much did it Cost to Hire a Wet-nurse in Roman Egypt?
Ricciardetto, Antonio ULg; Gourevitch, Danielle

in Totelin, Laurence (Ed.) Festschrift in honour of Vivian Nutton (in press)

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See detailRelationship between thiamine and subacute ruminal acidosis induced by a high-gran diet in dairy cows
Pan, Xiaohua; Yang, L.; Xue, F.G. et al

in Journal of Dairy Science (in press)

Two experiments were conducted to reveal the effects of grain-induced subacute rumen acidosis (SARA) on thiamine status in blood and rumen fluid in dairy cows. In both experiments, 6 multiparous, rumen ... [more ▼]

Two experiments were conducted to reveal the effects of grain-induced subacute rumen acidosis (SARA) on thiamine status in blood and rumen fluid in dairy cows. In both experiments, 6 multiparous, rumen-fistulated Holstein dairy cows were used in a 2-treatment, 2-period crossover design. Each experimental period consisted of 21 d (total of 42 d). Experiment 1 was to investigate the effects of SARA on thiamine status in blood and rumen fluid. Treatments were either control (20% starch, dry matter basis) or SARA-inducing diet (SAID, 33.2% starch, dry matter basis). In experiment 2, the effects of dietary thiamine supplementation on attenuating SARA and ruminal fermentation characteristics in dairy cows were studied. All cows received the same SAID diet during the whole experimental period; treatments were with or without thiamine (180 mg of thiamine/kg of dry matter intake). In both experiments, rumen fluid samples were collected at 0, 3, 6, 9, and 12 h after morning feeding on d 21 and 42 of the experiments for measurement of pH, thiamine, volatile fatty acid, and lactate contents. Peripheral blood was also collected at 3 h after morning feeding on d 21 and 42 to measure thiamine, carbohydrate metabolites, and enzyme activities. In experiment 1, cows fed the SAID diet had lower ruminal and plasma thiamine concentrations and higher lactate than cows fed the control diet. The ruminal thiamine contents were positively related to pH and the concentrations of acetate in the rumen, and negatively correlated with the lactate contents. Experiment 2 demonstrated that ruminal pH and the concentrations of thiamine, acetate, and total volatile fatty acids in the rumen were increased, whereas ruminal lactate contents were reduced by thiamine supplementation. The concentrations of lactate and the activity of lactate dehydrogenase in blood were reduced in the thiamine supplemented group, and the opposite was true for the nonesterified fatty acids and α-ketoneglutarate dehydrogenase contents. In conclusion, the thiamine status was affected by SARA in dairy cows and ruminal infusion of thiamine could helpattenuate SARA by improving the proportions of ruminal volatile fatty acids and reducing lactate contents in rumen fluid and blood. [less ▲]

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