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See detailDer Standesunterschied als Prüfstein. Zur Frauenfreundschaft zwischen Elisa von der Recke und Sophie Becker
Leyh, Valérie ULg

in Recherches Germaniques (2015), 45

L’amitié joue un rôle central dans la vie et l’oeuvre d’Elisa von der Recke (1754-1833), écrivaine issue de la noblesse courlandaise. A côté de ses nombreux contacts avec des personnalités masculines ... [more ▼]

L’amitié joue un rôle central dans la vie et l’oeuvre d’Elisa von der Recke (1754-1833), écrivaine issue de la noblesse courlandaise. A côté de ses nombreux contacts avec des personnalités masculines, elle entretenait en effet des amitiés profondes avec des femmes de son temps, en particulier avec Sophie Becker, aux origines bourgeoises. Sur la base des écrits littéraires de ces deux femmes, l’article étudie cette amitié exceptionnelle en la confrontant au culte de l’amitié caractéristique du XVIIIe siècle et en montrant dans quelle mesure la différence de rang social défie l’idéal égalitaire des Lumières. Dans l’amitié avec Sophie, cette différence sociale apparaît très clairement, mais en se positionnant comme intellectuelle des Lumières et en s’appropriant le discours de l’amitié, Elisa von der Recke l’ignore et la considère comme insignifiante. Sophie, au contraire, ne peut s’empêcher de s’en apercevoir et questionne les fondements économiques de l’égalité au sein de l’amitié. Sa pensée pragmatique l’incite en effet à confronter les modèles littéraires avec la réalité et, dès lors, à constater que l’inégalité sociale est loin d’avoir disparu. [less ▲]

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See detailFarmers' practices and willingness to adopt supplemental irrigation in Burkina Faso
Zongo, Bétéo ULg; Diarra, Abdoulaye; Barbier, Bruno et al

in International Journal of Food and Agricultural Economics (2015), 3(1), 101-117

This study analyzes farmers' practices and willingness to adopt supplemental irrigation on rainfed crops in the Sahelian and Sudano-Sahelian areas of Burkina Faso. A survey of 629 farmers revealed a ... [more ▼]

This study analyzes farmers' practices and willingness to adopt supplemental irrigation on rainfed crops in the Sahelian and Sudano-Sahelian areas of Burkina Faso. A survey of 629 farmers revealed a diversity of farming practices within and between two agro-climatic zones. Over 65% of farmers believe that supplemental irrigation is a good way to mitigate the adverse effects of dry spells on crop yields. Determining factors of farmers’ willingness to adopt supplemental irrigation were identified using a logistic model. Lack of information is the major obstacle to promoting this innovation. Farmers’ training and information dissemination are the best ways to increase the acceptance of this promising technology. [less ▲]

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See detailHow to use ICT to help students to gain in confidence and efficiency in an algorithmic and computer programming course ?
Colaux, Catherine ULg; Soyeurt, Hélène ULg

in INTED2015 Proceedings (2015)

Algorithmic and computer programming in the bachelor’s degree is a course that demands a large involvement of students in performing non-standard exercises. This practical aspect is incompatible with ... [more ▼]

Algorithmic and computer programming in the bachelor’s degree is a course that demands a large involvement of students in performing non-standard exercises. This practical aspect is incompatible with classical ex cathedra course. It is the reason why we implement a blended learning approach much more responsive to students in a bachelor class of Bio Engineering at the Gembloux Agro Bio Tech Faculty (University of Liege, Belgium). This course alternates theoretical classes, take-home lessons with the help of online pedagogical resources and video and debriefing sessions where students have the possibility to benefit from teacher’ support. In doing so, the students are better prepared for the examination. They also gain in confidence and motivation. The teacher no longer simply transmits the knowledge but assists the students in their reflection process and their mastering of programming tools [less ▲]

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See detailGiven to a Deity? Religious and Social Reappraisal of Human Consecrations in the Hellenistic and Roman East
Caneva, Stefano ULg; Delli Pizzi, Aurian ULg

in Classical Quarterly (2015), 65(1), 167-191

Various cases of human beings ‘dedicated’ to deities are attested in Greek epigraphic evidence. Are these kinds of offerings comparable to the dedication of inanimate objects? Besides, does the fact that ... [more ▼]

Various cases of human beings ‘dedicated’ to deities are attested in Greek epigraphic evidence. Are these kinds of offerings comparable to the dedication of inanimate objects? Besides, does the fact that someone is said to be ‘sacred’ to a specific deity necessarily involve that he went through a process of dedication? This article aims at providing a global picture of different situations in which processes of dedications took place. Among the several issues that are tackled, the cornerstone of this article consists of two questions: for what purposes did some people decide to consecrate a human being to a deity and what were the consequences for the consecrated individuals on religious and social levels? Different categories of persons will be contrasted, in terms of processes through which they acquire their new status but also in terms of the freedom/lack of freedom which is conveyed by this new status. It will also be shown that, as far as method is concerned, it is necessary to complete a lexical analysis with a contextual perspective for a deeper understanding of the problem. [less ▲]

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See detailFaire la guerre, faire l’État. Les officiers « militaires » sous les trois premiers souverains Valois de Naples
Masson, Christophe ULg

in Mélanges de l'Ecole française de Rome. Moyen-Age (2015), CXXVII(I),

From Louis Ist to René Ist, the Valois dukes of Anjou tried to establish their power on the kingdom of Naples. The former had indeed been adopted by Jeanne Ist, the last queen of the Capetian dynasty. The ... [more ▼]

From Louis Ist to René Ist, the Valois dukes of Anjou tried to establish their power on the kingdom of Naples. The former had indeed been adopted by Jeanne Ist, the last queen of the Capetian dynasty. The Valois dukes led several military expeditions to establish their power in Naples, facing the rivalry of the Anjou-Duras and then of the Aragon dynasty. These armies would later on constitute the framework of the Valois’s local administration in Italy. This paper will examine how the three first dukes of Anjou exerted military power. On the one hand, the smaller military responsibilities—exerted on a limited geographical area—were most of the time entrusted to Neapolitean subjects. On the other hand, the officers in charge of the conduct of armies and of the strongholds close to the prince (castles or province of residence) turned out to be most of the time entrusted to foreigners. In sum, the balance of power between the local feudal lords and the duke of Anjou drew the military structures of the royal power; and each of the parties found there its own interest. [less ▲]

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See detailLes critiques de la gestion
Nizet, Jean; Pichault, François ULg

Book published by La Découverte (2015)

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See detailThermophilic and cellulolytic consortium isolated from composting plants improves anaerobic digestion of cellulosic biomass: toward a microbial resource management approach
Kinet, Romain ULg; Destain, Jacqueline ULg; Hiligsmann, Serge ULg et al

in Bioresource Technology (2015)

A cellulolytic consortium was isolated from a composting plant in order to boost the initial hydrolysis step encountered in anaerobic digestion. Improvement of the cellulose degradation, as well as biogas ... [more ▼]

A cellulolytic consortium was isolated from a composting plant in order to boost the initial hydrolysis step encountered in anaerobic digestion. Improvement of the cellulose degradation, as well as biogas production, was observed for the cultures inoculated with the exogenous consortium. Metagenomics analyses pointed out a weak richness (related to the number of OTUs) of the exogenous consortium induced by the selective pressure (cellulose as sole carbon source) met during the initial isolation steps. Main microbial strains determined were strictly anaerobic and belong to the Clostridia class. During cellulose anaerobic degradation, pH drop induced a strong modification of the microbial population. Despite the fact that richness and evenness were very weak, the exogenous consortium was able to adapt and to maintain the cellulolytic degradation potential. This important result point out the fact that simplified microbial communities could be used in order to increase the robustness of mixed cultures involved in environmental biotechnology. [less ▲]

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See detailL'exploitation laitière de demain : point de vue des éleveurs sur le contrôle environnemental et le contexte social de la ferme
Froidmont, E.; Vanwindekens, Frédéric ULg; Masure, A. et al

in CRA-w (Ed.) Carrefour des Productions animales, 20ème édition "L'exploitation laitière wallonne de demain : du point de vue des acteurs aux propositions de la recherche" (2015)

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See detailInfrastructures routières et développement socioeconomique dans le Mayombe (RDC)
Bonkena Bokombola, Papy ULg

Book published by L'Harmattan (2015)

La présente étude se consacre à la réflexion sur la corrélation entre l’infrastructure routière et le développement socioéconomique. C’est en s’appuyant sur un ensemble très large de variables sociales et ... [more ▼]

La présente étude se consacre à la réflexion sur la corrélation entre l’infrastructure routière et le développement socioéconomique. C’est en s’appuyant sur un ensemble très large de variables sociales et économiques jugées pertinentes que cette étude tente de contribuer à la construction d’un dispositif des variables aptes à saisir les changements entraînés par l’intervention du projet routier basée sur la technologie HIMO. Malgré quelques différences, la plupart des variables/indicateurs gardent les mêmes tendances évolutives dans ces différentes régions. Au-delà de notes de succès socioéconomique enregistré, des points d’attention subsistent et méritent des réflexions correctives dans une logique de poursuite et d’extension des activités de réhabilitation routière, notamment la persistance d’inégalités de genre dans les chances d’accès au travail, l’absence d’actions complémentaires devant appuyer les activités agropastorales et la persistance de la problématique de prise en charge de l’entretien du réseau réhabilité par les ressources tant locales, provinciales que nationales. L’étude repose essentiellement sur les données secondaires consignées dans les différents documents et rapports en les analysant dans une approche comparative avec les résultats obtenus par d’autres études réalisées en République Démocratique du Congo et dans d’autres régions en Afrique subsaharienne, dont particulièrement le Burkina Faso et le Bénin. [less ▲]

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See detailA semiparametric model for Generalized Pareto regression based on a dimension reduction assumption
Hambuckers, julien ULg; Heuchenne, Cédric ULg; Lopez, Olivier

E-print/Working paper (2015)

In this paper, we consider a regression model in which the tail of the conditional distribution of the response can be approximated by a Generalized Pareto distribution. Our model is based on a ... [more ▼]

In this paper, we consider a regression model in which the tail of the conditional distribution of the response can be approximated by a Generalized Pareto distribution. Our model is based on a semiparametric single-index assumption on the conditional tail index; while no further assumption on the conditional scale parameter is made. The underlying dimension reduction assumption allows the procedure to be of prime interest in the case where the dimension of the covariates is high, in which case the purely nonparametric techniques fail while the purely parametric ones are too rough to correctly fit to the data. We derive asymptotic normality of the estimators that we define, and propose an iterative algorithm in order to perform their practical implementation. Our results are supported by some simulations and a practical application on a public database of operational losses. [less ▲]

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See detailBaseline characteristics of the Liège hand osteoarthritis cohort (LIHOC)
Neuprez, Audrey ULg; Bruyère, Olivier ULg; Dardenne, Nadia ULg et al

in Osteoporosis International (2015), 26(1), 305

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See detailHow can we help implementing ESCEO alorith in real life?
Reginster, Jean-Yves ULg

in Osteoporosis International (2015), 26(1), 3

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See detailLa piétaille meurt mais ne se rend pas !
Masson, Christophe ULg

Article for general public (2015)

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See detailAdded value of a triaxial accelerometer assessing gait parameters to predict falls and mortality among nursing home residents: A two-year prospective study.
Buckinx, Fanny ULg; Beaudart, Charlotte ULg; Slomian, Justine ULg et al

in Technology and health care : official journal of the European Society for Engineering and Medicine (2015), 23

BACKGROUND: Gait impairment seems to be a risk factor for falls and mortality. Because gait change cannot be determined easily with classical clinical tests, some authors have suggested that it might be ... [more ▼]

BACKGROUND: Gait impairment seems to be a risk factor for falls and mortality. Because gait change cannot be determined easily with classical clinical tests, some authors have suggested that it might be useful to use a gait-analysis system among elderly community-dwelling people. OBJECTIVE: The main objective of the present study was to determine the predictive value of a quantitative evaluation of the gait characteristics in nursing home residents for the occurrence of falls and death performed using a tri-axial accelerometer (Locometrix(R)). MATERIAL AND METHODS: One hundred elderly nursing home residents (80 women and 20 men, mean age 86.4 +/- 6.04 years) were included in this study with the aim to follow them for 2 years. Deaths and falls were systematically recorded. A quantitative evaluation of a 10-second walk was performed with a tri-axial accelerometer (Locometrix(R)). Demographic data (i.e age, sex, body mass index) and clinical data (i.e. fall risk evaluated by the Tinetti test) were also recorded. RESULTS: During the two years of follow-up, 27 patients died. After adjustment on all potential confounding variables, only body mass index was significantly associated with the risk of mortality with an odds ratio of 0.86 (95% CI: 0.77-0.96, p=0.04). At the end of the study period, 440 falls had occurred (mean: 4.44 +/- 6.79 falls per patient) but no single factors were independently associated with fall incidence. CONCLUSION: Our results show that a quantitative gait analysis performed using a tri-axial accelerometer is not predictive of long-term falls and mortality among nursing home residents. [less ▲]

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See detailTraumatologie du volleyball
Kaux, Jean-François ULg

Learning material (2015)

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